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CHAPTER VI.
IGY OF ELIZABETH.—John Knox, John Fox, John Jewel, Matthew Pakker, EDMUND GRINDAL,
JOHN AYLMER, AND OTHERS.-A.D. 1558 To A.D. 1579 . . . . . . .

189—103

Eros OF ELIZABETH.-FRANCIS

CHAPTER VII.
LIZABETH.— FRANCIS Bacox, EDMUND SPENSER, RICHARD HOOKER, AND OTHERS.-A.D. 1577 TO
A.D. 1603

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

183—232

Reiss OF JAMES I.-DoxxE, AND

A.D. 1625

CHAPTER VIII.
DAMES 1.—Doxye, ANDREWES, GILES FLETCHER, QUARLES, WITHER, AND OTHERS.-A.D. 1603 to

. . .

232—265

(se CHABLES I. AND THE

Howe, GEORGE FOX,

CHAPTER IX.
1. AND THE COMMONWEALTH.-GEORGE HERBERT, RICHARD SIBBES, THOMAS FULLER, Joxx
eorge Fox, RICHARD BAXTER, JEREMY TAYLOR, John Milton, AND OTHERS.-A.D. 1625 to

. . .

A.D. 1660

265-305

CHAPTER X.

PWN TE COXMONTEAL

CIDWORTH, ROBER

ONWEALTH TO THE REVOLUTION.-Richard BAXTER, John BUNYAN, John Miltox, RALPH
• ROBERT LEIGHTOx, Thomas KEN, AND OTHERS.-A.D. 1660 TO A.D. 1689

305—333

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FROM THE ENGLISH REVOLUTION TO THE DEATH OF QUEEN ANNE. — TILLOTSON, LOCKE, BURNET, STEELE,

ADDISON, BLACKMORE, ISAAC WATTS, AND OTHERS.-A.D. 1689 TO A.D. 1714

333-345

CHAPTER XII.

FROM THE DEATH OF QUEEN ANNE TO THE FRENCH RevoLUTION.-JOSEPH BUTLER, WHITEFIELD, WESLEY,

SAMUEL Johnson, CowPER, AND OTHERS.-A.D. 1714 to A.D. 1789 . . . . . .

345—385

CHAPTER XIII.

FROM THE FRENCH REVOLUTION TO THE ACCESSION OF QUEEN VICTORIA.-PRIESTLEY, PALEY, HEBER, CHALMERS,
WORDSWORTH, KEBLE, AND OTHERS.-A.D. 1789 TO A.D. 1837

. . . . . .

385—411

CHAPTER XIV.
FORTY YEARS UNDER VICTORIA.-NEWMAN, ARNOLD, MAURICE, KINGSLEY, CARLYLE, BROWNING, TENNYSON, AND
OTHERS.--A.D. 1837 To A.D. 1877 . . . . . . . . .

.
.

411–433

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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. .

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Stonehenge . .
Initial (from the MS. of Cædmon) ..
Lindisfarne . . . . .
The West Cliff at Whitby. . . . . . 3
Ruins of Whitby Abbey · · · · · · 3
The Uprearing of the Firmament (from the MS. of

Cædmon) . . . . . . . .
The Fall of Lucifer (from the MS. of Cædmon). .
Treasure of Wisdom (from the MS. of Cadmon) : 12
The Psalmist (from a Psalter of the Tenth Century).
Initial (from a MS. of Bede)
An Evangelist (from a MS.) . . . .
Death and Burial (from a MS. of Ælfric) . . .
A Courtly Writer (from MS. Book of the Coronation
of Henry I.) . . .

. ... The Inscription over King Arthur's Coffin . . . Chapel of St. Joseph of Arimathea, Glastonbury . A Benedictine Nun . . . . . . . Man's Peril and Safety (from a MS.). . . . A Dominican . . . . . A Franciscan · · · · · · · · 03 Lost Souls (from a Fresco). . . . . . Hell Mouth (from an Old German Print) . . . 64 Wycliffe, Yorkshire . . . . . . : 69 John Wiclif (from the Portrait in the Wycliffe

Rectory) . . . . . . . . John Wiclif (from Bale's “ Centuries of British

Writers," 1548) . . . . . . . A Physician (from the Statues outside the Cloister of

Magdalene College, Oxford) . . . . 83 Suitors to Meed (from a Brass at King's Lynn). . Breaking the Head of Peace (from a Column in

Wells Cathedral). . . . . . . 86 The Knight (from the Abbey Church at Tewkesbury). 91 Richard the Second (from the Picture in Westminster

Abbey) . . . . . . . . 102 Bas-relief from the Monastery Gate, Norwich . . 103 The Living and the Dead (from the MS. of “the

Pearl”) . . . . . . . . 108 Initial Letter (from the Mazarin Bible) . . . 112 The Lollards' Prison, Lambeth Palace . . . 113 Christ and the Cross (from R. Pynson’s Edition of

Lydgate's Testament) . . . . . 116 The Ship Religion (from a MS. of “ The Pilgrimage

of Man") . . . . . . . . 119 Thorney Abbey . . . . . . . . 122 The Tower of Doctrine (from Reisch's " Margarita

Philosophica,” 1512) . . . . . . 131 The Chamber of Music (from the same) . . . 132

John Fisher (from the Portrait by Holbein) . . 136 Emblematic Device (from a Treatise of Fisher's) . 137 Sir Thomas More (from the Portrait by Holbein) . Hugh Latimer . . . . . . . . 150 Edward VI. (from the Portrait by Holbein) . .. Latimer preaching before Edward VI. (from a Wood

cut in Fox's “ Martyrs") . . . . . . 152 John Bale presenting a Book to Edward VI. (from

his “ Centuries of British Writers,” 1548) . . Second View of the same (from the same) . . 161 John Knox . . . . . . . . Mary Tudor (from the Portrait by Holbein) . . 169 Preacher's Hour-glass and Stand . . . . 169 John Fox . . . . . . . . . 170 Burning of an English Merchant in Seville (from

Fox's “ Acts and Monuments") . . . . 171 John Jewel . . . . . . . . 174 John Aylmer . . . . . . . . 177 Edmund Grindal . . . . . . . 178 Initial Letter (from the First Edition of Spenser's

“Complaints") . . . . . Initial Letter (from a Monument) . . . . 193 The Red Cross Knight (from the First Edition of the

“ Faerie Queene") . . . . . . 194 The Good Shepherd (from the Title-page of Sidney's

Translation of Du Plessis Mornay) . . . 213 Richard Hooker . . . . . . . . 214 Old St. Paul's, with the Spire . . . . . 215 Old St. Paul's, after Loss of the Spire . . . 216 Church and State (from the Frontispiece of Hooker's

“Ecclesiastical Polity,” 1594) . . . . 219 Initial Letter (from King James's Authorized Version

of the Bible, 1611) . . . . . . Head-piece from Donne's “Pseudo-Martyr" . . Tail-piece from Donne's “ Pseudo-Martyr" . . 235 Effigy of Dr. Donne in St. Paul's Cathedral . . 237 Lancelot Andrewes . . . . . . 238 John Selden . . . . . . . James Usher . . . . . . . . 252 George Wither. .

. . . 258 Sir Edward Herbert as Knight of the Bath . . 263 George Herbert's Church at Bemerton

266 George Herbert . . . . . . . .. 267 The Preacher (from Wither's Emblems, 1635) . . Betwixt Two Worlds (from Quarles' Emblems, 1635). Westminster Abbey (from a Print by Hollar, 1641). 279 Jeremy Taylor . . . . . . . . 286 Thomas Fuller . . . . . . . . 291 John Howe . . . . . . . 292

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374

305

388

311

389

391

13

400

Richard Baxter . . . . . . . . 298 William Laud . . . . . . . . 301 Initial Letter (from Clarendon's Answer to Leviathan,

1673) . . . . . . . . . Baxter's Church at Kidderminster . . . . 306 John Bunyan . . . . . . . . Christian and Apollyon (from the 13th Edition of the

“Pilgrim's Progress," 1692) John Milton . . . . . . . . 322 Isaac Barrow . . . . . . . . 327 Thomas Ken .

331 John Tillotson . .

334 John Locke . .

. . . 337 Isaac Watts

• . . 343 Ornament from Burnet's“ History of His Own Time”

(1724) . . . . . . . . . 345 Joseph Butler . . . . . . . . 348 The Charterhouse in Wesley's Time . . . . 354 John Wesley . . . . . . . . 361 George Whitefield . . . . . . . 363 Ruins of Rome (from the Illustration in Dyer's Poems,

1761) · · · · · · · · 364

Samuel Johnson (from a Portrait by Sir Joshua

Reynolds, 1756) . . . . . . . 370 Samuel Johnson (from the Bust by Nollekens, 1781). William Paley . . . . . . . . 386 Joseph Priestley . . . . . . . The Statue of Priestley at Birmingham . James Montgomery . . . . .. Reginald Heber . . . . . . .

397 Thomas Chalmers . . The Nave and West Transept, Lincoln .

405 William Wordsworth (from the Tablet in Grasn

Church) . . . . . . .
John Keble . . . . .
John Henry Newman :
Charles Kingsley
Frederick Denison Maurice :
Arthur Penrhyn Stanley , .
Durham Cathedral . . . .
Head-Piece to Index (from Leichius “De Origine

Typographicæ Lipsiensis”). . . . 434 Ornaments from Bishop Hall's Works, and Lodge's

“ Josephus” . . . . . vi., viii.

405

· ·

408

412

· · ·

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URING the First-English at the form it gives to that conception of the highest

time nearly our life which is the special concern of Religion.
whole Literature Of the strength of a religious feeling in this
had Religion for country before Christian times, Stonehenge and
its theme. I mean Avebury bear witness. No man knows when or
by Religion faith how those mighty stones, which defy time, were
in a beneficent | lifted to their places; only the stones themselves
Creator, to whom, tell us that in a day long past, of which we have no

as supremely wise, other record, the people of this island gave their Se just, and merciful, chief strength to the service of religion. Their

man ascribes the bodies perished, their homes passed away, their form Initial from the MS. of Cædmon.

best qualities he can of worship is forgotten, but they left imperishable conceive, and to whose likeness he then seeks to record of a soul of worship that was in them. conform himself; loving and serving all that he Two Epistles to the Corinthians were ascribed to thinks highest in his God, who is the source of Clement, who was called the third bishop of Rome every good, and the helper of all faithful effort to draw | after the apostles, and said to have been fellownear to Him. In most men this aspiration is asso- labourer with St. Paul at Philippi. In the first of ciated with belief that the immaterial part, which these, Paul is said to have “travelled even to the yearns to be near God, survives to attain a heaven extreme boundaries of the West." This has been of the happiness it rightly sought. In every age taken to mean that he visited Britain. Jerome, at and country, human nature has been able to conceive the end of the fourth century, said that St. Paul the excellence of God only by ascribing to Him all imitated the sun in going from one ocean to the that man thinks best, and to conceive the happiness other, and that his labours extended to the West. of an attained heaven only by associating it with Theodoret, Bishop of Cyrus in the fifth century, human experiences of the highest bliss. Even continuing the tradition, spoke of Paul as having though more be revealed by God himself, man's brought salvation to the islands of the Ocean, and character determines how he shall receive the revela- in his first discourse on Laws included the Britons tion, and we understand a people best when looking among converts of the apostles. There was such a

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