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H. OF R.)
Admission of Michigan.
(Jan. 25, 1837.
entertain opinions and sentiments coinciding with the It was in sight of the monument erected to the immortal principles and opinions held by, and governing, a ma Washington. It was amidst such recollections as those jority of the people (205,922) who have elected nine- I heard a descendant of one of the heroes of the Revolu. teen Van Buren electors; and that, in the formation of lotion-a son of one whose name and deeds stand record. the Senate, there shall be a majority of members known ed upon the page of history, as being identified with the to be favorable to such a thorough and radical reform of best interests, prosperity, and honor of his country-one the constitution of the State as will insure to all citizens whose name cannot be mentioned at the present day living under it equal political rights and privileges. without calling forth feelings of admiration and gratitude.
“ Resolved, That, unlesss the pledges required by the It was from a son of him who bore the name of Howard preceding resolution are solemnly given, in true faith, that the doctrine of revolution or reforin was proclaimed. The two electors from this county be requested to refuse It was then I felt the degeneracy of the times. It was to enter into an election of Senators: Provided, That then I felt as if a dark cloud was impending over my the electors from other counties and cities, having a ma native Stale, as if the spirit of our fathers had departed jority of the white population of the State therein, will from amongst us. But, sir, no more of that. The next co-operate with them to defeat the election of a Senate day the electors proceeded to Annapolis. It was not hostile to a reform in the constitution, to the extent re. believed, up to that moment, that the nineleen would qu'red in the first resulution.
prove recreant. Such was the doubt entertained by " Resolved, That our friends in the counties and cities, their aiders and abeltors, that my colleague, the chair. that have elected Van Buren reform electors, are ear. man of the Judiciary Committee, accompanied them to nestly invited and recommended to join us in these meag. the seat of Government, and took them into bis holy ures, as the only means by which we can avoid the fate keeping. Upon their arrival, they refused to go into the of being again compelled to submit, for five years at electoral college, unless upon terms dishonorable to the least, to the tyranny of a Government wit lied and con. twenty.one, bad they acceded to them-not reputable to trolled by a small and aristocratic minority of the people those who proposed them. Had those terms been ac. of the State."
ceded to, at the moment the electors were taking the Prom the foregoing it will be seen that those patriotic oath "to be faithful, and bear true allegiance to the reformers, who had pledged themselves to wait until State of Marylan', and to support the constitution and after the October elections, and until the Legislature laws thereof," they held in reserve a pledge lo violate then to be elected sliould refuse to call a convention for both; and with the 59th article of the constitution before a reforin, still under a voluntary agreement with the them, which provides the manner in which alterations whig reformers to wait that result, wrest from the peo- shall be made, in the following words: ple and the Legislature the powers of both, and consti. “ Th's form of government, and the declaration of tute themselves a tribunal to revolutionize the State, by righ's, and no part thereof, shall be alte red, changed, electing a Van Buren Senate. This was the measure of or abolished, unless a bill so to alter, change, or abolish their reform; this was the great political manæuvre which the same, shall pass the General Assembly, and be pubopened the eyes of the whig reformers to the intrigues lislied at least three months before a new election, and by which they had been deceived. Responsive to this shall be confirmed by the General Assembly after a new meeting was one held in Cecil county. Thiey bave since election of delegates, in the first session after such new paid the forfeit due to their treachery. Next was one election. Provided that nothing in this form of governcalled in the city of Baltimore. This was held on the ment, which relates to the Eastern Shore particularly, Saturday night previous to the Monday when, under the shall at any time hereafter be al'ered, unless for the constitusion, the electors were 10 meet at the city of alteration and confirmation thereof at least two thiri's of Annapolis, to elect a Senate to serve for five years. all the members of each branch of the General Assem
At that meeting were present nearly all the electors, bly shall concur." then on their way to ihe seat of Government, to discharge They persevere in their revolutii nary designs, and their duty. My colleague [Mr. Tuomas] was there, and was address a letter, proposing their own terms, to the expected to address the meeting; it was one of the twenty-one electors. This was met at the threshold by largest which had assen.bled for several years, called to the twenty.one, as high-minded, hunorable, faithful gether to instruct their electors to betray the trust re- public servants ever should meet insidious, designing, posed in them. My collegue was long and loudly intriguing efforis to corrupt or to intimidate. They recalled for to address the meeting. His fame for revolu- fuse to make any terms, much less to hargain away the tionary discussion had spread far and near, and the most rights of their constituents, with faithless, irresponsible intense anxiety was evinced to hear him; but the deed public agents. had already been done; it was understood that seventeen The conspirators then, urged on by their advisers, of the nineieen had already pledged Whemselves not to go held a meeting, or rather caucus, denominating the me into the college unless the twenty-one would accede to selves “the democratic republican members of the their terms. Doubts were expressed whether they elec'oral college," and " Resolved, That this meeting do would adhere to their pledges; the meeting was ad now adjourn." They did adjourn, and quit the posis dressed by several, and resolutions approving of the assigned them, without discharging their duty; and, Frederick and Cecil proceedings were adopted. I wish feeling that a deep indignation would follow their faitlis I could draw a veil over the proceedings of that night. liss proceedings, they issue a paper calculated to de. I was, by accident, in the city, and although my colsceive the people they had so egregiously mis epresent. league from the upper district did not respond to ihere.ed, and return to their homes elated with their own iterated calls made upon him, another of my colleagues treacliery. did. Then it was I heard, with deep anguish, pro The twenty-one electors remained at the seat of Gure claimed from the hustings, revolution or reform, by one ernmen', trusting that belter counsels would prevail, from whom I had least expected it. The words were and that the nineteen ricusanis Wuld come back to greeted and re-echoed by ihe boys, by the mob, and by their duty. They responded to their address in a calm, the conspirators themselves. It was in sight of the dignified, and argumentative, though firm, bold, and monument erected to commemorate the glorious 12th of decisive manner, calling upon the people of Maryland September, 1814, erected 10 perpetuate the memory of to come to the rescue; and here I quote from this ad, those gallant heroes who fell in defence of that country dress some few passages, which miy be taken as in die which was now threatened to be plunged in civil war. alive of the whole. They remark that
Jax. 25, 1837.)
Admission of Michigan.
(H. OF R.
“We could not suppose that we, who were known This was followed by a presentment of the grand to be under the most solemn obligation to execute a jury of alleghany county, against the conspira'ors, in Trust faithfully and conscientiously, could be approached which they charge them as follows: “ The conduct of with a proposition of bargain touching the performance those men is without excuse or palliation. They inof car dury. We never for a moment entertained the tended to secure the triumph of a party; and, failing in idea of trafficking upon such a subject; and a proper that, to subvert the Government and endanger the pub. self-respect, together with the palpable obligations of lic tranquillity.” This was signed by twenty of the dury, precluded all of us from listening to such a prop grand jurors, a majority of whom were friends of Mr. osition, coming from any quarter, however respectful Van Buren. But, to their honor be it said, they loved in its language; and still less could we receive it from their country more than their party. This was the first any other than a member of the college, duly qualified step taken in the district represented by my colleague, as such. Our duties were most clearly pointed out by which struck dismay and terror in the minds of the conthe constitution, and we were not only bound, as good spirators. Next were held public meetings in the same cilizens, to support it, but our very oain of office made cunty, without distinction of party, at one of which it our particular and sacred duty to uphold it in all its presided a gentleman, a warm friend of the present adintegrity. The votes we were to cast for Senators were ministration, a man without reproach, one who at an not to be given as our votes, but as those of the people early day had quit bis native isle 10 seek an asylum in of Maryland. They had, by their constitution, laid this land of liberty and law. It was the vener ble, the down the rules, and the only rules, which were to gove patriotic William McMahon, who, disenthralling himself ern us; and we should lave "been false to them, and from his party, stepped forward to save his adopted false tu our oaths, if we had permitted any other to be State from the pollution of her native citizens. His prescribed to us."
feelings are expressed in the following words: And conclude with the following admonition:
“ Resolved, that we condemn the conduct of the afore" People of Maryland, the crisis is an awful one; the said recusant electors, who, having solicited and obtain. times are big with the face of freedom; if tbe revolu-ed the appointment at the hands of the people, betrayed tionary spirit, now stalking abroad amongst us, is not the trust reposed in them, hy basely and treacherously promptly subdued by the majesty of your power, upon refusing to attend the electoral college, (as enjoined by you will rest the fearful responsibility of being the first their positive obligations to the constitution,) with a in the country of Washington to give to Liberty a mor view to dissolve the Government of the State." tal wound. We shall, to the last, endeavor faithfully to Other meetings were held in different parts of my perform our duty to you and to ourselves. We have colleague's district, of similar import, to one of which I remained patiently at the seat of Government, keeping now call more particularly the attention of the House, the college open from day to day, to the present time, the proceedings of which I read as matter of history. and here are resolved to continue until all hope is lost | And if the application is made more direcily to him, I of the return of the absent electors. We are determin. am not responsible, but his immediate constituents. ed that, if confusion and anarchy and ruin are to come They were his political friends; they are in favor of reupon us, if all the bright hopes of the people of Mary, form; but they, too, are against revolution. At a meet. land are to be forever blasted, and our once fair and ing held at Selby's Port, Alleghuny county, the follow. happy land is to become a scene of desolation and ter. ing preamble and resolutions were adopted, with but ror, we will have the consolation of reflecting, in the three dissenting roices: midst of our afflictions, that we have faithfully perform. " Whereas Francis Thomas, Esq, our present Rep. ed car duty.
resentative in Congress, has taken an active part in proGeorge S. Leigh. Samuel J. K. Handy. moting a change in our State Government, by such Benedict I. Heard. William W. Lake. means as we believe to be against our best interests, as Gorge Vickers. Thomas H. Hicks. also the interest of the State of Maryland; and whereas, James P. Gale.
George W. Duval. from his course in this matter, he has given us reason to James Kent.
Thomas G. Pra!t. believe that he has no regard to our interest, but that James A. D. Dalrimple. Thomas A. Spence. he is seeking self aggrandizement at the expense of his Henry Brawner. Henry Franklin.
constituents. Therefore, William D. Merrick. Ephraim Gaither.
“ Resolved, That we view him guilty of base ingratiSolomon Dickinson. Richard Beall.
tude to the citizens of the State, and especially the peo. George W. Dudley. Andrew Bruce."
ple of Alleghany county: William Williams, jr.
" Resolved, That he has no longer any claim to the I progounce those nanies with great satisfaction. They confidence or respect of the people of Maryland or of should be transmitted down to the laiest posterity, as this congressional district; and that, in our opinion, he faithful public agents. Those gentlemen bad quit their ought forth with to resign his seat in Congress, that the bones and families, under the expectation of returning voters of the district may select another to fill the vais a few days; but, by the traitorous conduct of their cancy, who would pay more respect to their interests." colleagues, had to remain at the seat of Government for The result of the September election was twenty-one tar two months, anxiously and patiently waiting their to nineteen in the electoral college. In October, with return to a discharge of their duty.
the same mode of election, except that fuur delegates As soon as it was understood that the nineteen had were elected from each county, instead of two electors, refused to go into the electoral college, and had quit the result was sixty-one whigs and nineteen in favor of their posts, and called on the people of Maryland, by Van Buren. Notwithstanding this indication of the 29 address replete with disorganizing principles, to sup-popular will against the conduct of the conspirators, port them in their unholy purposes, the alarm was felt; still they were advised to persevere in their refusal to the deep indignation of insulted constituents was mani-unite with their brother electors and elect a Senate. fesed by meetings called to express their opinions upon Some one or two of them began to relent, and did prothe momentous crisis.
pose to meet the college, but not a sufficient number to In the city of Baltimore, the “supporters of law, or. elect a Senate. The indignation of the friends of law des, and constitutional reform,” expressed their opinion and order throughout the State was roused. It was too is n meeting, and "resolved that they were in favor apparent to deceive any one, that they did not, as they drelorm, and against revolution."
professed, respect the will of the people. Their own You. XUI.–94
H. or R.]
Admission of Michigan.
(Jan. 25, 1837.
political purposes were the sole object. An election olution, manifested by the aforesaid conduct and prohad been held, and turned upon this question; yet they ceedings, and to support the constitution, and enforce pertinaciously adhered to revolution. Still the twenty the laws upon all offenders against their majesty, who one faithful, honest, fearless electors held to their posts, shall proceed, by overt acts, either of resistance to the and determined to await the presidential election, which constituted authorities of the State, or of carrying out or was to take place in November. This election was hy consummating the revolutionary designs and purposes of general ticket in the whole State, thus affording an op the aforesaid recusants and their abeltors; and I do bere. portunity of testing the very principle the conspirators by require and enjoin all civil officers of ibe State to be professed to advocate, to wit: that a majority of the vigilant in the performance of their several and respect. people bad a right to control, and that their expression ive duties at this important crisis; and upon all military of opinion was binding upon their agents. The result officers and citizens to hold themselves in readiness, in of the November el ction was a larger majority in the case their services may become necessary in aid of the whole State, in favor of the whigs, than had ever been civil authorities, to maintain the public peace, repress given since the present political parties came into exist. disorder, uphold the constitution, or enforce the laws; ence. Every county in the State of Maryland, except and, finally, with humble supplication for and reliance iwo, gave majorities for the advocates of law and order, upon Divine Providence for direction and aid, and also and each of the three counties represented by my col with the firmest reliance upon the people of the State, league [Mr. THOMAS) gave majorities against his prin. to support, and, if necessary, enforce the declaration, I ciples.
do solemnly declare and proclaim that the constitution of When this result was known, the presidential election the State must be preserved, and the Government mainover, the State, by an unprecedented majority, voting tained, as they now are, until 'altered, changed, or by general ticket, put the stigma of reprobation upon abolished,' in the manner constitutionally provided for." the conduct of the revolutionists, it was to have been Although this proclamation began to alarm, for fear expected that the recusant electors would have joined of the consequences, yet they did not abandon their inthe college to perform their duty, by electing a Senate, iquitous designs, but held another meeting, and postand thereby save the State from further anarchy. But poned the contemplated convention until the first Monday they were otherwise advised. They were told that no of January, to assemble in the city of Annapolis. The danger could ensue to the State; that, if no Senate were object of that postponement is expressed in the follow. elected, the Government would still go on, and, by per. ing resolution: beverance, their objeels would be accomplished. And • Resolved, that the unexpected call, on the part of such was the degradation to wbich they were willing to the Executive, upon the members elect of the House of bring their native Stale, it was announced, in the official | Delegates and of the old Senate, to assemble at Annaporgan of the party in the city of Baltimore, that, if they olis on Monday next, has rendered it expedient to postheld out, and no Senate was elected, President Jackson pone the meeting of the reform convention to a day when would appoint a Governor and other officers to preside ample opportunity shall have been afforded to understand over the destinies of Maryland! Yes, Maryland, one of fully the reasons which have induced the Executive to the old thirleen, was to be stricken from the number of adopt this extraordinary procedure, and to ascertain the stars which adorn the American banner, to return back results of their deliberation." to a Territorial Government, and the President of the I find by the proceedings of this meeting, which was United States to administer to ber people! Is there a held in the city of Baltimore on the 19th November lasi, man within these balls so debased by party subservience, that my colleague's [Mr. Tuomas's] name appears is there a freeman throughout the country whose cheek amongst those of the committee which draughted those is not suffused with a blush when he hears that this was resolutions also. This convention bas not met according 'the remedy for the revolution? Is there any one who to adjournment. My colleague, it is presumed, know? now can doubt that the object of these revolutionists was the true reason, and I desire to know, why it has not other than self-aggrandizement? In this state of things, He does not inform me why it failed to meet. ! wil the Governor of Maryland, anxiously trusting ibat the endeavor to show what has been surmised to have beer result of the repeated elections, expressing the will of the cause. After all efforts had proved unavailing li the people, would have influenced the recusants to re induce the recusant electors to return to their duty turn to their duty, finding that they were still betraying when all the popular elections were over; when the the delegated trust, and that their aiders and advisers proclamation of the Governor, which received universa were urging thein to adhere to their faithless pledges, approbation from the lovers of law and order, was pro issues his proclaivation, on the 8th November, calling mulged; when it was advised that, if a Senate were no together the Legislature of the State, and admonishes elected by the period of the annual assembling of 1b the revolutionists to beware of the consequences. This Legislature, the constitution would be abrogated an proclamation does great credit to the mind as well as annulled, and that Maryla
would become an appendag energy of Governor Veazy. He felt as if forbearance to the General Government, the spirit which animate was no longer a virtue. Time had been afforded them the framers of the constitution bursi forth throughou to retrace their steps; more than two months had elapsed the land, and incited to action the sons of those sire since the election, and they still proved recreant. “The It was on the soil within sight of this Capitol that the fir crisis was big with the fate of Maryland.” He saw the move was made which struck terror in the minds of il twenty-one faithful agents, true to the people, clinging conspirators. A meeting was called in Prince George to the constitution of their creation, with a determination county, composed of ihe first men of the State, witho to save it from desecration. He comes to their sup- distinction of party, to organize a corps to tender the port, and, in the parental language of a father, advises, services to the Governor of Maryland. persuades, forewarns, and then concludes with the fol “On motion, ii was Resolved, unanimously, That in lowing notice:
will with our lives and fortunes support the existis “And I do furthermore declare and proclaim, to all Gorernment of Maryland against any violence that mi whom it doth or may concern, that, as Chief Magistrate be attempted, and we tender to the Executive our's of the State, I shall exert to the utmost all the powers vices, whenever they may be called for." which have been or may be vested in me by the consti Here, Mr. Speaker, I cannot permit the occasion lution and laws, and which it may become necessary to pass without doing justice to a friend and patriot. 1 employ, lo curb the spirit of anarchy, disorder, and rev. a revolutionary patriot of the present day, who won
sacrifice his own State to purchase preferment from this promulged upon this foor, this House will have coun. Government; but one who has met the enemies of his tenanced measures which, in future times, may be taken country, and risked his life in her defence; one who has as a precedent for anarchy. received, by the unanimous vote of his State, a sword, [When Mr. JENIFER had concluded, Mr. THOMAS s$ a reward for his gallant deeds, in one of the most again addressed the House. After which, Mr. HOWARD glorious naval victories achieved upon the ocean; who, rose, but gave way at the request of Mr. JENIFER, who upon the presentation of that sword by the Governor of said he desired to make an explanation.] the State, returned it to its cabbard with this character Mr. J. said it had been suggested to him, since he reistic declaration, “that it should never be unsheathed sumed his seat, by his friends, that an interpretation had until his country was in danger from the assaults of her been placed upon his remarks, in relation to his col. enerdies." It was Major Jobn Contee who called that league from the city of Baltimore, (Mr. HOWARD,) which meeting. It was he who proposed a tender of services, he desired to correct. He said they were understood to which was unanimously united in by his whole com- apply personally and offensively. Mr. J. said the gen. mand. It was then he felt that the time had arrived for eral terms upon which he was with his colleague, and him to redeem his pledge. But he little thought, when the gentlemanly deporiment which had always characbe received that sword, that the period ever could ar terize: him, would forbid the application of any remark rive when his duty as a sollier, as a citizen, as a man, in an offensive sense; but he could not conceal the fact would compel him to draw it in defence of his native of his deep mortification at the countenance given to State against the unballowed assaults of native citizens. those measures, by his colleague, which had brought But the crisis had arrived. He was the man for such a Maryland to the verge of a revolution. When lie spoke crisis. From that day the sun of Maryland was above of the degeneracy of the present day, he meant to apply the hor zon; ber star held its station amidst the stripes it to the principles now advocated, as contrasted with of the Union; the impending clouds were dispersed, and those which gave birth to our glorious independence. conspiracy overawed.
He considered this explanation due to his colleague, for It is with feelings of no ordinary character that I refer whom he could have no unkind feeling. Mr. J. said, as to those proceedings. But, sir, I do feel an honest pride to his colleague from the upper district, [Mr. Thomas,} in being ihe representative of such men. Eight of the he had no explanation to make; but lest a misapprehen. twenty-one electors who, during these trying, exciting sion might prevail as to an inquiry made by his coltimes, pal ently, firmly, nobly, stood by the constitution league, which remained unanswered, he would take ocand the laws, were from my congressional district-a casion to notice it. My colleague, in referring to a district immediately adjoining the seat of this General meeting in one of the counties of district, whére res. Government, yet far enough to remain uncontaminated olutions had been passe:] reprobating, in strong terms, by the bicentives which gave rise to that intended revo his conduct as their representative, after denouncing the lation. It is not a little remai kable that those instigators resolutions passed at that meeting as calumnious, and of this resistance to the laws of their State should have the members as unworthy of credit, calls upon me to been amongst the warmest advocates of the President's know whether I intend to endorse those proceedings or proclamation and measures against South Carolina. They Sir, whatever may have been my opinion of those were then willing to carry war and desolation through men or their proceedings, however I may have believed eat that devoted State, to arm the Government with pow. them entitled to credit, I certainly now cannot endorse er to march the soldiery within her borders, and to del- them. They are my colleague's immediate constituents; uge her fair land with civil war. The same spirit which they are his political friends, some of whom have been prompted them to those measures has been revived in his supporter's; he, therefore, ought to know them betrelation to their own State.
ter than I do; and if, as he says, they have been pur. But, sir, order is restored, the citizens repose in chased from their duty, and not entitled to credit, being peace, and treason is no more. And when the future his constituents, I cannot endorse for ihem, and thereby historian shall make a record of the present times, the make myself liable for irresponsible men. But, sir, names of the twenty-one will be transmitted to posterity have yet seen nothing, have heard nothing, lo change as the noble protectors of law and liberty; whilst the my opinion of the correctness of their position. same page will present those of the recusants as a bea When Mr. JENIFER had concluded, Ca io al anarchists. Mary land is regeneratedl.
Mr. THOMAS replied to his colleague, and went into Mr. Speaker, I have said much more upon this sub a statement showing the irregularities of the present jest than i bad intended; but I know it has not been un constitution and Government of the State of Maryland. interesting to the House, from the unremitted attention The debate was further continued by Mr. HOWARD. they have bestowed. If, in the discharge of a duty Mr. PEARCE, of Maryland, then rose and addressed sach I cousidered imperative, I should have used strong the Chair as fullous: language to express the convictions of my mind, I shall Mr. Speaker: It is with great reluctance that I partifeel justified in the extraordinary circumstan:es which cipate at all in the discussion of the theme which has peoped it. When my own honor or that of my naive occupied the House for the last four hours. I do not Sate is at issue, I know no discretion within the limits mean the bill for the admission of Michigan into the e parlamentary rules; that I have not transgressed thuse Union; for that seems to bave been "in the deep bosom tas been evinced by the fact that my remarks have not of the ocean buried." been interrupted by you.
The domestic controversies of Maryland are again the The immediate ques'ion before the Chair is the bill subject of debate here. We are not allowed the repose
iding for the adınission of Michigan into the Union. of victory; but have to fight over here the battle which i stali role against the bill. I believe much less injury we fought and won last fall, before the people of Maryrül be done by a delay, than by sanctioning the princi- land. I am not responsible for the introduction of this plus epon which her admission is advocated. By a de. foreign topic. I deprecate now, as I had occasion to do y until the next session of Congress, an opportunity at the last session of Congress, any debate upon our do
a be afforded of ascertaining the true wishes of the mestic feuds. This is not the tribunal before which aple; of se!tling the irritating controversy between such matters are properly triable. The hall of the har ani the State of Ohio; of admitting her upon the National Legislature is the very last place where Stute
os of other States of the Union. But if she comes in constitutions should be arraigned, and the internal acwar, Pred.cated upon the principles which bave been Ition of State Governments be made a theme of invec
H, OF R.)
Admission of Michigan.
(JAN. 25, 1837.
tive, or a subject of investigation. Before the people fewer, abuses of government than have fallen to the lot of Maryland, whose sovereignty I recognise, and praciiof other communities in the same period. The people cally respect, I have discussed th-se malters fully and have been insensible of any thing like tyranny or opfreely; and they are the only tribunal whose jurisdiction pression. lo general, mild and wholesome laws have I admit.
been enacred; the Executive has been guilly neither of It is curious to trace this debate to its origin. I hal | corruption nor of extravagance--while justice has been not the go id fortune to hear the speech of my colleague, equally dispensed by an honest, able, and independent the chairman of the Commitee on the Judiciary, on the Judiciary. introduction of the bill for the admission of Michigan Suddenly, an attempt is made to subvert ihis form of into the Union; but I understand it to be the general government-not by pursuing the constitutional method sense of the House that it bad no necessary or direct of change--not by the free, spontaneous, unforced ac. connexion with the Michigan question; and that, al. tion of ihe people, nor by representatives elected for though the name of Maryland was not mentioned, and that purpose by a commanding majoriiy of the people-no immediate application of his theories to our contro. not because of any grievances too intolerable to be versies was made by him, yet it was almost universally borne, nor because of a universal or very general senti. supposed to be intended to apply, solely, 10 the State ment that the good of the community imperatively re. of Miryland. It was considered a masked battery-aquired it. No, sir; this revolution was attempted by sort of Maryland war in disguise. Under these circum. nineteen individuals, elected for a far different purpose. s'ances, it was not untialural for my cther colleague How many of these nineteen were the dripes vif the bold[Mr. JENIFER) to reply, and endeavor to repudiate such er and more talented electors—how many were coerced, of these doctrines as seemed to him unsound, and to by threa's of party vengeance, into an acquiescence in show the misapplication of others to Maryland politics. I the schemes of the facrious—I know not; ner can I tell Much as I regret it, I must say that it was a necessary who first planned this conspiracy against the people of and inevitable consequence that my colleague should go Maryland. But the public voice bas alreally pronounced, somewhat into detail in relation to ihese malleis. Now, that the recusant electors were guilty of a gross abuse sir, I have heari), in the rejoinder of the honorable of power; of a shameful perversion of their trust; of a chairman, the constitution of Maryland violen!ly and, as reckless and arrogant assumption of the rights of the I think, unnecessarily denounced. While the recent people, whose servants they were for a special purpose, condition of things there has been stated very vaguely, and whose master they assumed to be for the highest of and to me unsatisfactorily, I desire to say a few words all political purposes. Let me give you, sir, a true his. in reference to that vilified constituition, and to state ac tory of the iransaction. In September last, the people curately, according to my views, the condition of Mary; of Varyland, by counties and cities, chose forty electors land during our late convulsions. In doing this I shall to appoint a Senale. The constitution requires that the endeavor to follow the example of my colleague who electors chosen by the people shall mett, at the city of represents the city of Baltimore, 10 speak dispassionale. Annapolis, on the third Monday of September next er. ly, and not to fall into “King Cambyses' vein” and tear suirg'iheir elec'ion, and proceed to the appointment of the passions to tatters.
fifteen Senators. Any twenty-four of the electors conThe constitution of Maryland, which has been de. stitute a quorum for that purpose'; but, before they can nounced here as so odious, so abominable, so atrociously act, they must qualify in a prescribed manner, part of oppressive upon the people of the State, that they which is the taking an oath to support the cunstitution. would be justified in rising, wiih arms in their hands, ( The election of a Senate baving been completed, their to destroy it by violence, is no royal charter, conceding du'ies cease, and their offices expire. to the people a few poor privileges--oor an admission In the laie elt cloral college, twenty-one members, of righis, extorted by rebellion from despotic power composing the majority, happened to entertain opinions Neither was it the work of the mushroom politicians of as to the National Executive distaste ful to the minority; the present day, who are springing up all over the land, and these "immortal nineteen," as they have been ready and anx ous to engage in a patriotic scuffle for called, because they could not wield the Government to those spoilş of victory wnici are too often the object the purposes of their faction, determined to paralyze or , and such at sys
!he world's bistory, have generally had an appetite for office according to the constitution. They assumed that the which swallowed up their zeal for principle. It was not minority of the college had a right to control the major. by such men ikat the constitution of Maryland was ity. They had the audaciiy to demand of the majority, formed, but by the heroes and sages of 1776, the cun. who were true to their duty anillo their constituents, script fathers of our State, who pledged life, fortune, that they should surrender their judgments and cons and sacred honor, for ihe achievement of their country's sciences to the dictation of the minority. With an if. freedom, and who nobly redeemed that pledge.
frontery un; aralleled in the history of arrogance, they When this traduced constitution was formed, it re required that the majority should give a pledge to seceived the general approbation of the gallant men who leci, as members of the new Senate, eight persons to be were then engaged in an unequal and perilous strise for nominated by them: elves, so as to give their party the the vindication of those rights of the people which my ascendency in the Senate-upon the penalty, that other. colleague seems to think they misunderstood so strange wise they would not qualify as electors, and would thus ly. Wien its provi-ions were read to one of the sign prevent the forination of any Senale at all. Thus they ers of the declaration of independence, and particularly claimed that right of election which the constitution exthat one which fixes the organization of the Senale, be pressly vested in the majority, and undertook to destroy exclaimed, “it is virgin gold.”.
the existence or defeat the operations of that GovernThe framers of our constitution did not consider po. ment which it was the sole purpose of their appointment litical power as the sole end and aim of Governmint.
to preserve and continue in regular action. They endeavored to establish such institutions as would These gentlemen belonged to a parly whose scrupusecure the welfare of society, and maintain inviolable lous political morals could not bear the least suspiciun the rights of person and of property. Under the con of bargain and corruption. Without proof, and contrary stitution thus formed, with occasional alterations, the to evidence, they had clamored for eight years against Sta!e has Aourished for sixty years, with as few, perhaps the genileman from Massachusells and the Senator from