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34th Congress.-NATHANIEL P. BANKS, Jr., of Massachu.

setts, was elected speaker, and served from February 2,

1856, to March 3, 1857. 35th Congress. — JAMES L. ORR, of South Carolina, was

elected speaker, and served from December 7, 1857, to March 3, 1859. 36th Congress. — WILLIAM PENNINGTON, of New Jersey,

was elected speaker, February 1, 1860, and served to March 3, 1861. 37th Congress.-GALUSHA A, Grow, of Pennsylvania, was

elected speaker, July 4, 1861, and served to March 3,

1813. 38th, 39th and 40th Congresses. ---SCHUYLER COLFAX, of

Indiana, was elected speaker, December 7, 1863, and served to March 3, 1869. 41st Congress. — JAMES G. BLAINE, of Maine, was elected

speaker, March 4, 1869, and served to March 3, 1871. 12d Congress. — JAMES G. BLAINE, of Maine, was elected

speaker, March 4, 1871, and served to March 3, 1873. 43d Congress.—JAMES G. BLAINE, of Maine, was elected .: speaker, December 1, 1873, and served to March 3, 1875

44th Congress.-MICHAEL C. KERR, of Indiana, was elected speaker, December 6, 1875, died August 19, 1876.

44th Congress.-SAMUEL J. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania, was elected speaker, December 4, 1876, in place of Kerr, deceased.

45th Congress.-SAMUEL J. RANDALL, of Pennsylvauia, was elected speaker, October 15, 1877.

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT.

JANUARY 1, 1878.

THE EXECUTIVE.
PRESIDENT......................... RUTHERFORD B. HAYES, of Ohio.
VICE-PRESIDENT.............. WILLIAM A. WHEELER, of New York.

THE CABINET.
Secretary of State ........... WM. M. EVARTS, of New York.
Secretary of the Treasury... JOHN SHERMAN, of Ohio.
Secretary of War ............. GEORGE W. MOCRARY. of Iowa.
Secrelary of the Navy ....... RICHARD W. THOMPSON, of Indiana.
Secretary of the Interior ... CARL SCHURZ, of Missouri.
Postmaster-General .......... DAVID M. KEY, of Tennessee.
Attorney-General ............ CHARLES M. DEVENS, of Massachusetts.

LIST OF MEMBERS OF THE FORTY-FIFTH CONGRESS, 1878–9.

The Constitution requires nine years' citizenship to qualify for admission to the Senate, and seven years to the House of Representatives. An act approved July 26, 1866, requires the Legislature of each State, which shall be chosen next preceding the expiration of any Senatorial term, on the second Tuesday after its first meeting, to elect a successor, each House nominating viva voce, and then convening in Joint Assembly to compare nominations. In case of agreement, such person shall be declared duly elected; and if they do not agree, then balloting to continue from day to day, at 12 m., during the session, until choice has been made. Vacancies are to be filled in like manner. The members of each House receive a salary of $5,000 per annum, and mileage at the rate of twenty cents per mile. For each day's absence, except when caused by sickness, $8 per diem is deducted from the salary. The President pro tem. of the Senate receives the same compensation as the Vice-President. The Speaker of the House of Representatives receives double the salary of a member.

SENATE,
WM. A. WHEELER, of New York, PRESIDENT.
GEORGE C. GORHAM, of Callfornia, SECRETARY.
Term exp.

Term exp.
Alabama.

California. Geo. E. Spencer........ 1879 Aaron A. Sargent ...... 1879 John T. Morgan........

1883 Newton Booth ......... 1881 Arkansas.

Colorado. S. W. Dorsey ........... 1879 Jerome B. Chaffee...... 1879 Aug. H, Garland........ 1883 | Henry M. Teller........ 1883

.......... 1883

Term exp.

Term exp. Connecticut.

Massachusetts. Wm. H. Barnum........ 1879 Henry L. Dawes........ 1881 Wm. W. Eaton......... 1881 | Georçe

George F. Hoar......... 1883

o Delaware.

Michigan.
Thos. F. Bayard ........ 1889 I. P. Christiancy....... 188
Eli Saulsbury

Thomas W. Ferry ......
Floridu.

Minnesota.
Simon B. Conover...... 1879
Charles W. Jones....... 1881 S. J. R. McMillani...... 1881

William Windom....... 1883 Georgia. John B. Gordon........ 1879

Mississippi. Benj. H. Hill......... Branch K. Bruce....... 1881

L. Q. C. Lamar......... 1883 Illinois. Rich. J. Oglesby........

1879

Missouri. David Davis............ 1883

D. H. Armstrong ....... 1879 Indiana.

F. M. Cockrell.......... 1881 D. W. Voorhees........ 1879

Nebraska. Joseph E. McDonald..., 1881

A. S. Paddock.......... 1881 Iowa.

Alvin Saunders......... 1883 William B. Allison..... 1879 S. J. Kirkwood......... 1883

Nevada.

John P. Jones.......... 189 Kansas.

William Sharon......... 1881 John J. Ingalls.......... 1879 Preston B. Plumb...... 1883

New Hampshire.

Bainbridge Wadleigh... 1879 T. C. McCreery ......... 1879 Edward H. Rollins..... 1883 James B. Beck......... 1883

New Jersey.
Louisiana.

T. F. Randolph ......... 1889
James B. Eustis....... 1879|J. R. McPherson....... 1883
William Pitt Kellogg... 1883
Maine.

New York. Hannibal Hamlin....... 1881 Roscoe Conkling........ 1879 James G. Blaine........ 1883 Francis Keruan......... 1881 Maryland.

North Carolina. George R. Denuis....... 1879 Aug. R. Merrimon...... 1879 William P. Whyte....., 1881 Matthew W. Ransom... 1883

Kentucky.

Bai

Term exp.

Term exp. Ohio.

Texas. Stanley Matthews...... 1879 | S. B. Maxey........ 1881 Allau G. Thurm:11...... 1881 | Richard Coke........... 1883 Oregon.

Vermont. John H. Mitchell....... 1879 Lafayette Grover....... 1883 Justin S. Morrill........ 1879

George F. Edmunds.... 1881 Pennsylvania. J. D. Cameron .........

1879

Virginia. William A. Wallace .... 1881

Robert E. Withers...... 1881 Rhode Island.

John W. Johnstou..... 1883 A. E. Burnside......... 1881 Henry B. Anthony..... 1883

West Virginia. South Carolina. Frank Hereford........ 1881 John J. Patterson...... 1879 | Henry G. Davis......... 1883 M. C. Butler.......... ... 1883 Tennessee.

Wisconsin. James E. Bailey........ 1881 Timothy 0. Howe...... 1879 Isham G. Harris.... .. 1883 | Angus Cameron........ 1881

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. FORTY-FIFTH CONGRESS, COMMENCING MARCH 4, 1877,

AND ENDING MARCH 4, 1879.

SAMUEL J. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania, SPEAKER.

GEORGE M. ADAMS, of Kentucky, CLERK.

Alabama -8. 1. James Taylor Jones. 2. Hilary A. Herbert. 3, Jeremiah N. Williams. 4. Charles M. Shelley. 5. Robert F. Ligon. 6. G. W. Hewitt. 7. Wm. H. Forney. 8. Wm. W. Garth.

Arkansas — 4. 1. Lucien C. Gause. 2. Wm. F. Slemons. 3. Jordan E. Cravens. 4. Thomas M. Gunter.

California— 4. 1. Horace Davis. 2. H. F. Page. 3. John K. Luttrell. 4. Romualdo Pecheco.

Colorado -1. 1. Thomas M. Patterson.

Connecticut -4. 1. George M. Landers. 2. James Phelps. 3. John T. Wait. 4. Levi Warner.

Delaware - 1. 1. James Williams.

Florida 2. 1. Robert H. M. Davidson. 2. Horatio Bisbee, Jr.

Georgia -9. 1. Julian Hartridge. 2. Wm. E. Smith. 3. Philip Cook. 4. Henry R. Harris. 5. Milton A. Candler. 6. James H. Blount.

Wm. H. Felton. 8. Alex. H. Stephens. Hiram P. Bell.

Illinois - 19. 1. Wm. Aldrich.

Carter H. Harrison.
Lorenzo Brentano.
Wm. Lathrop.
Horativ C. Burchard.
Thos. J. Henderson.
Philip C. Hayes.

Greenbury L. Fort.
9. Thos. A. Boyd.
10. B. F. Marsh.
11. Robert M. Knapp.
12. Wm. M. Springer.
13. Thos. F. Tipton.

Joseph G. Cannon. 15. John R. Eden.

Wm. A. J. Sparks.
Wm. R. Morrison.

Wm. Hartzell.
19. R. W. Townshend.

Indiana - 13. 1. Benoni S. Fuller.

2. Thos. R. Cobb. | 3. Geo. A. Bicknell.

1. Leonidas Sexton.

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