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GOVERNOR.

The executive power of the State is vested by the Constitution in the Governor. He is authorized and empowered to see that all laws are faithfully executed. Among other powers, be may convene the Legislature, or Senate only, in extraordinary sessions, may grant reprieres, commutations and pardons after convictions for all offenses except treason and cases of impeachment, upon such conditions and restrictions as he may think proper, and may appoint, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, all officers connected with the government of the State not elective by the people, and fill vacancies occurring in office during the recess of the Senate.

He has the power to veto all bills passed by the Senate and Assembly. During the session of the Legislature, he must return any such bill to the house in which it originated with his objections, within ten days-Sundays excepted -after it is presented to him; if not returned within that time, it shall be a law in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the Legislature by its adjournment prevent its return, in which case it does not become a law without his signature. After the final adjournment of the Legislature, no bill becomes a law unless approved by the Governor within thirty days. The Governor has also power to disapprove items in any bill appropriating money in the manner prescribed by the Constitution.

He has also power to appoint, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, a Superintendent of State Prisons and a Superintendent of Public Works. He has also power to remove many officers in the method prescribed by law.

The Governor holds his office for three years and receives a salary of ten thousand dollars.

GOVERNORS OF NEW YORK.

... 1623

.... May

COLONIAL.
Adrian Joris..........
Cornelius Jacobzen May..............

1624 William Verhulst...........

.. 1625 Peter Minuit.........

..... May

4, 1626 Wouter Van Twiller...........

... April

1633 William Kieft..........

... March

28, 1638 Petrus Stuyvesant............

11, 1647 Richard Nicolls.......

... September 8, 1664 Francis Lovelace...........

... August 17, 1668 Cornelis Evertse, Jr., and a council of war.... Aug. (N. 8.) 12, 1673 Anthony Colve. ............ .............. September 19, 1673 Edmund Andros............................... Nov. (N. 8.) 10, 1674 Anthony Brockholles, Commander-in-Chief. November 16, 1677 Sir Edmund Andros, Knt.......... ... August 7, 1678 Anthony Brockholles, Commander-in-Chief. Jan. (N. 8.) 13, 1681 Thomas Dungan............

........ August 27, 1683 Sir Ed. Andros...... ................. August 11, 1688 Francis Nicholson, Lieutenant-Governor.... October 9, 1688 Jacob Leisler.........

........... June

3, 1689 Henry Sloughter.

..... March 19, 1691 Richard Ingoldesby, Commander-in-Chief... July 26, 1691 Benjamin Fletcher......... ................ August 30, 1692 Earl of Bellomont ...........

... April 13, 1698 John Nanfan, Lieutenant-Governor.......... May 17, 1699 Earl of Bellomont............................. July

24, 1700 Col. William Smith.....

March 5, 1701 Col. Abraham De Peyster.........

to Col. Peter Schuyler*.........

(May 19, 1701 John Nanfan, Lieutenant-Governor.......... May 19, 1701 Lord Cornbury.......

........... May

3, 1702 Lord Lovelace.......

18, 1708 Peter Schuyler, President.......

May

6, 1709 Richard Ingoldesby, Lieutenant-Governor.. May

9, 1709 Peter Schuyler, President............. ...... May 25, 1709 Richard Ingoldesby, Lieutenant-Governor.. June

* The Earl of Bellomont died March 5, 1701. During the absence of Lieutenant-Governor Nanfan, and until May 19, 1701, the Government was admin1ptered by the Council, at which the oldest Councillor present presided during this period.

1, 1709 Gerardus Beeckman, President.......... ... April 10, 1710 Robert Hunter............

............... June 14, 1710 Peter Schuyler, President.................... July 21, 1719 William Burnet.............

September 17, 1720 John Montgomerie............

April 15, 1728 Rip Van Dam, President.... ......... July

1, 1731 William Cosby.

August 1, 1732 George Clarke, President. ........

March 10, 1736 George Clarke, Lieutenant-Governor........ October 30, 1736 George Clinton................................ Septem

September 2, 1743 Sir Danvers Osborne, Bart............ October 10, 1753 James De Lancey, Lieutenant-Governor.... October 12, 1755 Sir Charles Hardy, Knt......

September 3, 1755 James De Lancey, Lieutenant-Governor.... June 3, 1757 Cadwallader Colden, President............... August

4, 1760 Cadwallader Colden, Lieutenant-Governor.. August 8, 1761 Robert Monckton...

..................... October 26, 1761 Cadwallader Colden, Lieutenant-Governor.. November 18, 1761 Robert Monckton.......

June 14, 1762 Cadwallader Colden, Lieutenant-Governor.. June 28, 1763 Sir Henry Moore, Bart..

November 13, 1765 Cadwallader Colden, Lieutenant-Governor.. September 12, 1769 Earl of Dunmore.............................. October 19, 1770 William Tryon............

July

9, 1771 Cadwallader Colden, Lieutenant-Governor.. April 7, 1774 William Tryon. .............................. June 28, 1775 James Robertson*............................. March 23, 1780 Andrew Elliott, Lieutenant-Governor*. ..... April 17, 1783

.... NOV

PRESIDENTS OF THE PROVINCIAL CONGRESS, ETC.

Peter van Brugh Livingston.......... ..... May 23, 1775 Nathaniel Woodhull, President pro tem..... August 28, 1775 Abraham Yates, Jr., President pro tem...... November 2, 1775 Nathaniel Woodhull........................... December 6, 1775 John Haring, President pro tem.............. December 16, 1775 Abraham Yates, Jr., President pro tem...... August 10, 1776 Abraham Yates, Jr.......

August 28, 1776 Peter R. Livingston...........

September 26, 1776

* Military Governors during the Revolutionary War, not recognized by the State of New York.

Abraham Ten Broeck ... ...................... March
Leonard Gansevoort, President pro tem....... April
Pierre Van Cortlandt, President of the
Council of Safety ......... ............ May

6, 1777 18, 1777

14, 1777

July
July

..... 1804

STATE. George Clinton* ...........

30, 1777 John Jay..........

1, 1795 George Clinton ...

.. 1801 Morgan Lewis ......... Daniel D. Tompkins.......

... 1807 John Taylor, Lieutenant-Governor, acting Governor.........

........... March, 1817 De Witt Clinton ..

.............. July

1, 1817 Joseph C. Yatest. ..........

.... January 1, 1823 De Witt Clinton ........

.... 1825 Nathaniel Pitcher, Lieutenant-Governor, acting Governor.... ...

.... February 11, 1828 Martin Van Buren.........

1829 Enos T. Throop, Lieutenant-Governor, acting Governor..

........... March 12, 1829 Enos T. Throop......

............ 1821 William L. Marcy.....

1833 William H. Seward....

1839 William C. B

1843 Silay Wright ....

1845 John Young ............

1847 Hamilton Fish...

1849 Washington Hunt.......

1851 Horatio Seymour ....

1853 Myron H. Clark .....

1855 John A. King .. .....

1857 Edwin D. Morgan .............................. ................ 1859 Horatio Seymour .............................. ................ 1805 Reuben E, Fenton....

1865 John T. Hoffman....

1869 John A. Dix................................................

1873 Samuel J. Tilden............................... ............... 1875 Lucius Robinson..........

................ 1877

+ The Constitution of 1777 did not specify the time when the Governor should enter on the duties of his office. Gov. Clinton was declared elected July 9th and qualified on the above day. On the 13th of February, 1787, an act was passed for regulating elections, which provided that the Governor and Lieutenant-Governor should enter on the duties of their respective offices on the first of July after their election.

† The Constitution of 1821 provided that the Governor and LieutenantGovernor shall, on and after the year 1823, enter on the duties of their respect. Ive offices on the 1st of January.

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