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Fills him with faults ; makes himn run through Cancel all grudge, repeal thee home again.all sins ;
Plead a new sate in ihy uprivall'd inerit, Inconstancy falls off, ere it begins :
To which I thus subscribe,-Sir Valentine, What is in Silvia's face, but I may spy
Thou art a gentleman, and well deriv'd; More fresh in Julia's with a constant eye? Take thou thy Silvia, for thou bast deserv'd her. Val. Coine, come, a hand from eitber :
Fal. I thank your grace; the gist bath made Let me be blest to make this happy close ?
me happy. "Twere pity lwo such friends should be long foes.' I now beseech you, for your daughter's sake, Pro. Bear witness, beaveo, I have my wish to grant one boon that I shall ask of you. for ever.
Duke. I grant it, for Shine own, wbate'er it be. Jul. And I have mine.
Vul. These banisb'd men, tbati bave kept
witbal, Enter OUTLAWs, with DUKE and THURIO.
Are men endued with worthy qualities : Out. A prize, a prize, a prize!
Forgive them what they have committed here, Val. Forbear, I say ; it is my lord the duke. And let them be recall'd from their exile : Your grace is welcome to a man disgrac'd, They are reformed, civil, full of good, Banish'd Valentine !
And fit for great employment, worthy lord. Duke. Sir Valentine !
Duke. Thon bast prevailid : 1 pardon them, Thu. Yonder is Silvia ; and Silvia's mine.
and thee; Val. Thurio give back, or else embrace tby Dispose of them, as thon know'st their deserts. death ;
Come, let us go; we will include all jars Come not within the measure of my wrath ; With triumphs, + mirth, and rare solemnity. Do not dame Silvia thine ; if once again,
Val. And, as we walk along, I dare be bold Milan shall not behold thee. Here she stands, With our discourse to make your grace to smile : Take but possession of her with a touch ; What think you of this page, my lord ! I dare thee but to breathe upon my love.
Duke. I think the boy hath grace In him ; be Thu. Sir Valentine, I care not for her, 1;
blushes. I hold him but a fool, that will endanger
Val. I warrant you, my lord, more grace than His body for a girl tbat loves him not ;
bov. I claim her not, and therefore she is thine. Duke. What mean yon by that saying !
Duke. The more degenerate and base art thou, Val. Please you, I'll tell you as we pass along, To make such means + for her as thou hasi done, That you will wonder what bath fortuned.And leave her on such sligbt conditions.- Come, Proteus ; 'tis your penance, but to bear Now, hy the honour of my ancestry,
The story of your loves discovered : I do applaud thy spirit, Valentine,
That done, our day of mariage shall be yoor's ; And think thee worthy of an empreses' love. One feast, one bouise, one cautual bappiness. Khow (ben, I here furget all former griefs,
(Ereuat • Length of my sword.
LITERARY AND HISTORICAL NOTICE. SHAKSPEARE's first draught of this trifling play, (which all the editors have concurred in censuring, and some
have rejected as unworthy of its author) was written ju or before 1694, and some additions were probably inade 10 it betwee u that year and 1597, when it was exhibited before Queen Elizabeth. Like the Taming of the Shrew, it was undoubtedly one of his earliest essays to dramatic writingi as the frequent rhymes, the imperfect versification, the artless and desultory dialogue, and the irregularity of the composition, sufficiently prove. The fable does not seem to be a work entirely of invention; and perhaps owes its birth to some novel which has yet to be discovered. The character of Armado bears some resemblauce to Don Quixotte, but the play is older than the work of Cervantes; of Holofernes, another singular character, there are some traces in a masque of Sir Philip Sidney, presented before Queen Elizabeth at Wansted. Dr. Johnson says, that in this play "there are many passages mean, childish, and vulgar; and some which ought not to have been ex. hibited, as we are told they were, to a maiden Queen. But there are scattered through the whole mauy sparks of genius; nor is there any play that has more evident marks of the hand of Shakspeare."
} Lords attending on
DRAMATIS PERSONE. FERDINAND, King of Navarre.
MOTH, Page to Armado. BIRON,
the LONGAVILLE, DUMAIS,
PRINCESS OF FRANCE. BOYET, | Lords, attending on the Princess
ROSALINE, MERCADE, of France.
Ladies, attending on the
MARJA, Dos ADRIANDO DE ARMAVO, a fantastical
JAQUENETTA, a Country Wench.
Officers, and others, Attendants on the King COSTARD, a Clown.
and Princess. SCENE-Navarre.
Your oaths are past, and now subscribe your
names ; SCENEI.-Navarre.- A Park, with a Palace That his own hand may strike his honour down, in it.
That violates the smallest branch herein:
If you are arm'd to do, as sworn to do, Enter the KING, BIRON, LONCAVILLE, and
Subscribe to your deep oath, and keep it too. DUMAIN.
Long. I am resolv'd : 'lis but a three years' King. Let fame, that all hunt after in their
fast ; lives,
The mind sball banquet, though the body pine : Live register'd opon our brazen tombs,
Fat paunches have lean pates ; and dainty bits And tben grace us in the disgrace of death; Make rich the ribs, but bauk'rout quite the When, spile of cormorant devouring time,
wits. The endeavour of this present breath may buy Dum. My loving lord, Dumain is mortified ; Tbat bonour, which shall bate his scythe's keen The grosser manner of these worid's delights edge,
He throws upon the gross world's haser slaves : And make us heirs of all eternity.
To love, to wealth, to pomp, I pine and die ; Therefore, brave conquerors l-for so you are, With all these living in philosophy. That war against your own affections,
Biron. I can but say their protestation over, And the huge army of the world's desires,- So much, dear liege, I have already sword, Our late edict shall strongly stand in force : That is, to live and study here three years, Navarre shall be tbe wonder of the world ; But there are other strict observances : Our court shall be a little Academe,
As, not to see a woman in that term ; Still and contemplative in living ari.
Wbich, I hope well, is not enrolled there : You three, Biron, Duinain, and Longaville, And, one day in a week to touch no food; Have sworn for tbree years' term to live with And but one meal on every day beside ; me,
The wbich, I hope, is not enrolled there : My fellow-scholars, and to keep those statutes And then, to sleep but three hours in the night, Tbai are recorded in this schedule here : And not be seeu to wink of all the day;
(When I was wont to think no harm all night, Why should I joy in an abortive birth ? And make a dark night too of half the day ;)
At Christmas i no more desire a rose Which, I hope well, is not enrolled there : Tban wish a snow in May's new fangled? O these are barren tasks, too hard to keep :
shows; Not to see ladies, study, fast, nor sleep.
But like of each thing, that in season grows. King. Your oath is pass'd' to pass away from so you, to study now it is too late, these.
Clinb o'er the house to unlock the little gate. Biron. Let me say no, my liege, an if you King. Well, sit you ont: go boine, Biron ; please ;
adieu i I only swore, to study with your grace,
Biron. No, my good lord ; I have sworn to And stay here in your court for three years' space.
stay with you : Long. You swore to that, Biron, and to the And, though I have for barbarism spoke more, rest
Than for that angel knowledge you can say, Biron. By yea and nay, Sir, then I swore in Yet confident I'll keep wbat I have swore, jest.
And bide the penance of each three years' day. What is the end of study ? let me know. Give me the paper, let me read the same ; King. Why, that to know, which else we and to the strict'st decrees I'll write my should not know.
name. Biron. Things hid and barr'd, you mean, King. How well this yielding rescues thee from common sense 3
froin sbame ! King. Ay, that is study's god-like recom- Biron. (Reads.) Ilem, That no uoman shall pense.
come within a mile of my court.Biron. Come on then, I will swear to study so And hath this been proclaim'd ? To know the thing I am forbid :o know :
Long. Four days ago. As thus-To study where I well may dine,
Biron. Let's see the penalty. When I to feast expressly am forbid ;
(Reads.)-On pain of losing her tongue.Or, study where to meet some mistress One, Who devis'd this ?
When mistresses from coinmon sense are bid : Long. Marry, that did I. Or, having sworn too bard-a-keeping oath,
Biron. Sweet lord, and why? Study to break it, and not break my trotb. Long. To fright them hence with that dread If study's gain be thus, and this be so,
penalty. Study knows that, which yet it doth not know : Biron. A dangerous law against gentility, Swear me to this, and I will ne'er say, no. [Reads.] Item, If any man be seen to talk King. These be ebe stops that hinder study with a woman within the term of three years, quite,
he shall endure such public shame as the rest And train our intellects to vain delight.
of the court can possibly derise. Biron. Why, all delights are vain; but that this article, my liege, yourself must break; most vain,
For well you know, here comes in embassy Which, with pain purchas'd, doth inberit pain : The French king's daughter, with your self to As, painfully to pore upon a book,
speak,To seek the light of truth; while truth the A maid of grace, and complete majesty:while
About surrender-up of Aquitain Doth falsely • blind the eyesight of his look : Tu her decrepit, sick, and bed rid father ; Light, seeking light, doth light of light be. Tberefore this article is made in vain, guile :
Or vainly comes the admired princess hitber. so, ere you find where light in darkness lies, King. What say you, lords i why, this was Your light grows dark by Josing of your eyes.
quite forgot. Study me how to please the eye indeed,
Biron. So study evermore is overshot ; By fixing it upon a fairer eye;
While it doth study to bave wbat it would, Who dazzling so, that eye shall be bis herd, It doth forget to do the thing it sbould :
And give bim light that was it blinded by. And when it bath the tbing it bunteth most, Study is like the beaven's glorious sun,
'Tis won, as towns with fire ; so won, so jost. That will not be deep-search'd with saucy King. We must of force, dispense with this looks ;
decree; Small have continual plodders ever won, She must lie there on mere necessity. Save base authority from others' books.
Biron. Necessity will make us all forsworn These earthly godfathers of heaven's lights,
Three thousand times within this three That give a name to every fixed star,
years' space : Have no more profit of their shining nights, For every man with his affects is born ; Than those that walk, and wot not what they Not by might master'd, but by special are.
grace : Too much to know, is, to know nought but I break faith, this word sball speak for me, fame;
I am forsworn on mere necessity.-And every godfather can give a name.
So to the laws at large I write my name : King. How well he's read, to reason against
And he, that breaks them in the least degree, Dum. Proceeded well, to stop all good pro- Stands in attainder of eterual shame: ceeding!
Suggestions are to others, as to me ; Long. He weeds the corn, and still lets grow
But, I believe, although I seem so loath, the weeding.
I am the last that will last keep bis oath. Biror. The spring is near when green geese But is there no quick ý recreation granted! are a breeding.
King. Ay, that there is : our court, you know, Dum. How follows that ?
is baunted Biron. Fit in his place and time.
With a retined traveller of Spain; Dum. In reason nothing.
A man in all the world's new fashion planted, Biron. Something then in rhyme.
Tbat hath a mint of pbrases in his braiu : Long. Biron is like an euvious sneaping + One, whom the music of bis own vain tongue frost,
Doth ravish, like enebanting harmony : That bites the first-boru infants of the spring. A man of compliments, whom right and wrong Biron. Well, say I am ; why should proud Have chose as umpire of their muliny: summer boast,
This child of fancy, that Armado bight, Before the birds bave any cause to sing ? For interim to our studies, sball relate, : Dishonestly, treacherously.
Reside. • Temptations, Nipping,