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Ros. You must be purged too, your sins are King. Come, Sir, It wants a twelvebionth and raok;
a day, You are attaint with faults and perjury ;
And then 'twill end. Therefore if you my favour mean to get,
Biron. That's too long for a play.
Prin. Was not that Hector ? Kath. A wife l-A beard, fair healih, and Dum. The worthy knight of Troy. honesty;
Arm. I will kiss thy royal finger, and take With three-fold lose I wish you all these three. leave : I am a votary; I have vow'd to Jaque.
Dum. O shall I say, I thank you, gentle wife ? netta to bold the plough for her sweet love three Kuth. Not so, my lord ;-a iwelvemionth and years. But most esteemed greatness, will you a day
hear the dialogue that the two learned men base l'll mark no words that sinooth-fac'd wooers compiled, in praise of the owl and the cuckoo ? say :
it should have follow'd in the end of our show. Come when the king doth to my lady come, King. Call them forth quickly, we will do so. Tben, if I have much love, l'il give you solne. Arm. Hollal approach. Dum. I'll serve thee true and faithfully till then.
Enter HOLOFERNES, NATHANIEL, Moty, Kath. Yet swear not, lest you be fors worn
CUSTARD, and others. again.
This side is hyems, winter; this V'er, the Long. What says Maria ?
spring; the one maintained by the owl, the Mar. At the twelvemonth's end,
other by the cuckoo. Ver, begin. I'll change my black gown for a faithful friend.
SONG. Long. I'll stay with patience ; but the line is long.
Spring. When dasies pied, and riolets blue, Mar. The liker you ; few taller are so young.
And lady-smocks all silver while, Biron. Studies my lady? mistress, look on me,
And cuckvo-buds of yellow hue, Behold the window of my heart, mine eye.
Do paint the meadows with delight, What bumble suit attends thy answer there ;
The cuckoo then, on every tree, Impose some service on me for thy love.
Mocks married men, for thus sings he, Ros. Oft bave I heard of you, my lord Birón,
('ackoo ; Before I saw you : and the world's large tongue
Cuckoo, cuckco,-0 word of fear, Proclaims you for a man replete with mocks ;
Unpleasing to a married ear! Full of comparisons and wounding flouls ;
1. Which you ou all estates will execute, That lie within the mercy of your wit :
When shepherds pipe on oaten strans, To weed this wormwood from your fruitful
And merry larks are ploughmen's brain ;
clocks. And, therewithal, to win me, if you please,
When turtles tread and, rooks and (Without the which I ain not to be won,)
dan's, You shall this twelvemonth term froin day to
And maidens bleach their summer day
smocks, Visit the speechless sick, and still converse
The cuckoo then, on every tree, With groauing wretches ; and your task shall Mocks married men for thus sings he, be,
Cuckoo ; With all the fierce • endeavour of your wit,
Cuckoo, cuckoo,-0 uord of fear, To enforce the pained impotent to smile.
Unpleasing to a married eur! Biron. To move wild laughter in the throat of
III. death ? It cannot be ; it is impossible :
Winter. When icicles hang by the troll, Mirth cannot move a soul in agony.
And Dick the shepherd blows his Ros. Why, that's the way to choke a gibing
And Tom bears logs into the hall, Whose influence is begot of that loose grace,
And milk comes frozen home in Wbich shallow laughing hearers give to fools :
pail. A jest's prosperity lies in the var
When blood is nipp'd, and ways be or him that bears it, never in the tongue
foul, of him that makes it : then, if sickly ears,
Then nightly sings the staring oul, Deal'd with the clamour of their own dear +
To-whit, to-who, a merry note, Will hear your idle scorns, continue then,
While greasy Joan doth keel. the pot. And I will have you, and that fault witbal;
When all aloud the wind doth blow. Right joyful of your reformation.
And coughing drowns the parson's Biron. A twelvemonth ? well, befal what will
And birds sits brooding in the snow, I'll jest a twelvemonth in an hospital.
And Marian's nose looks red and raw, Prin. Ay, sweet my lord : and so I take my
When roasted crabs + hiss in the bowl. leare. (To the KING.
Then nightly sings the staring oul, King. No, madam: we will bring you on
To-who; your way.
To-whit, to-who, a merry note. Biron. Our wooing doth not end like an old While greasy Joan doth keel the pot. play;
Arm. The words of Mercury are harsh after Jack bath not Jill : these ladies' conrtesy the songs of Apollo, You, tbat way; we, this Might well have made our sport a comedy. way.
Exeunt. • Vebement.
1 Wild apples.
COMEDY OF ERRORS.
LITERARY AND HISTORICAL NOTICE. THE Menechmi of Plantas (translated by an anonymous author in 1595,) furnished Shakspeare with the pria.
cipal incidents of this play. It is one of his earliest productions. Stevens thinks that the piece is sot entirely of his writing. The singularity of the plot gives occasion to many amusing perplexities ; but they are repeated till they become wearisome, and varied till they become unintelligible. Were it possible to procure in the representation, two Dromios, or two Antipholus's, of whom one should be exactly the counterpart of the other, no powers of perception or of memory, would enable an audience to carry their recollection of cach individual beyond the termination of a second act. The very facility of invention with which the resembling individuals are made to puzzle and to thwart each other, would so confound the senses of a spectator, that he would soon be as much bewildered as the parties themselves: whereas the zest of the entertainment depends upon his being able accurately to retain the personal identity of each ; without which, be may be involved in the intricacy, but cannot enjoy the humour, occasioned by similarity of person, and contrariety of purpose. Mr. Stevens has justly observed, that this comedy “exhibits more intricacy of plot than distinetion of character; and that attention is not actively engaged, since every one can tell how the denouement will be effected."
DRAMATIS PERSONÆ. SOLINUs, Duke of Ephesus.
A MERCHANT, Friend to Antipholus of Syra. ÆGEON, a Merchant of Syracuse.
cuse. Tuin Brothers PINch, a Schoolmaster, and a Conjuror.
and ANTIPHOLUS of Epluesus, Egeon and ÆANTIPHOLUS of Syracuse, milia, but un
ÆMILIA, Wife to Ægeon, an Abbess at Chat's
ADRIANA, Wife to Antipholus of Ephesus.
LUCIANA, her Sister. DROMIO of Ephesus,
Luce, her Servant. DROM10 of Syracuse,
two Antipholus's. BALTHAZAR, a Merchant. ANGELO, a Goldsmith.
Jailer, Officers, and other Attendants. SCENE-Ephesus.
If any, horn at Ephesus, be seen SOENE 1.A llall in the DUKE's Palace. At any Syracusan marts * and fairs,
Again, If any Syracusan born, Enter DUKE, ÆG BON, Jailer, Officer, and
Come to the bay of Ephesus, he dies,
His goods confiscate to the duke's dispose ;
Duke. Merchant of Syracusa, plead no more; Thy substance, valued at the highest rate,
Cannot amount unto a bundred marks ; Tbe enmity and discord, which of late
Therefore, by law thou art condema'd to die. Sprung from the rancorous outrage of your duke Æge. Yet this my comfort; when your words Ty merchants, our well-dealing countrymen,
are done, Who wanting gilders * to redeem their lives, My woes end likewise with the evening sun. Have sealed his rigorous statutes with their Duke. Well, Syracusan, say in brief, the bloods,
cause Excludes all pily from our threat'ning looks. Why thou departedst from thy native home ; Por, since the mortal and intestine jars
And for wbat cause thou cani'st to Ephesus. 'Twixt thy seditious countrymen and us,
Æge. A heavier task could not have been im. It hath in solemn synods been decreed,
pos'd, Both by the Syracusans and ourselves,
Than I to speak my griefs anspeakable : To adunit no traffic to our adverse towns : Yet, that the world may witness, that my end Name of a coin.
Was wrought by nature, not by vile offence, At length, anoiber ship had selz'd on us;
Gave belpful welcome to their shipwreck'd Unto a woman, happy but for me,
guests ; And by me too, had not our hap been bad. And would have reft the fsbers of their prey, With her i liv'd in joy; our wealth increas'd, Had not their bark been very slow of sail, By prosperous voyages I often made
And therefore homeward did they bend their To Epidamnuum, till my factor's death ;
course. And he (great care of goods at random len) Thus have you beard me sever'd froin my bliss ; Drew me from kind embracements of my spouse : That by misfortunes was my life prolong'd From whom my absence was not six months old, To tell sad stories of my own misbaps. Before berself (almost at fainting, under
Duke. And, for the sake of them thou sor. The pleasing punishment that women bear,)
rowest for, Had 'made provision for her following me, Do nie the favour to dilate at full And soon, and safe, arrived where I was,
What hath befall'n of them, and thee, till now. There she had not been long, but she became Æge. My youngest boy, and yet my eldest A joyful mother of two goodly sons ;
After his brother; and importun'd me,
Might bear him company in the quest of him:
Hopeless to find, yet loath to leave unsought, We came aboard :
Or that, or any place that harbours men. A league from Epidamnum had we sail'd, But here must end the story of my life; Before the always-wind-obeying deep
And happy were I in my timely death, Gave any tragic instance of our haria :
Could all my travels warrant me they live. But longer did we not retain much bope ;
Duke. Hapless Ægeon, whom the fates have For wbat obscured light the heavens did grant
mark'd Did but convey unto our fearful minds
To bear the extremity of dire mishap! A doubtful warrant of inmediate death;
Now, trust me, were it not against our laws, Which, though myself would gladly have em Against my crown, my oath, niy dignity, brac'd,
Which princes, would they, may not disannul, Yet the incessant weepings of my wife,
My soul should sue as advocate for thee, Weeping before for what she saw must come, But, though thou art adjudged to the death, And piteous plainings of the pretty babes, And passed sentence may not be recall’d, That mourn'd for fashion, ignorant what to fear, But to our honour's great disparagernent, Forc'd me to seek delays for them and ine. Yet will I favour thee in what I can : And tbis it was,-for other means was none.- Therefore, merchant, l'll limit thee this day, The sailors songbt for safety by our boat, To seek thy belp by beneficial help: And left the ship, then sinking-ripe, to us : Try all the friends thou hast in Ephesus ; My wife, more careful for the latter-born, Beg thou, or borrow, to make up the sum, Had fasten'd him unto a small spare mast, And live ; if not, then thou art doom'd to die :Such as sea-faring men provide for storms; Jailer, take bim to thy custody. To him one of the otber twins was bound,
Jail. I will, my lord. Whilst I had been like beedful of the other.
Æge. Hopeless, and helpless, doth Ægeon The children thus dispos'd, my wife and I,
SCENE II.- A public Place.
Enter ANTIPHOLDs and DROM10 of Syra. Dispers'd those vapours that offended us;
cuse, and a MERCHANT. And, by the benefit of his wish'd light,
Mer. Therefore, give out you are of Epi. The seas wax'd calm, and we discovered
damnum, Two ships from far making amain to us,
Lest that your goods too soon be confiscate. of Corinth that, of Epidaurus this :
Tbis very day, a Syracusan merchant But ere they came,-0 let ine say no more !
18 apprehended for arrival here; Gather the sequel by what went before,
And, not being able to buy out his life, Duke. Nay, forward, old mau, do not break
According to the statute of the town, off so ;
Dies ere the weary sun set in the west. For we may pity, though not pardon thee.
There is your money that I had to keep. Æge. Oh! had the gods done so, I had not now
Ant. ś. Go bear it to the Centaur, t where Worthily term'd them merciless to us!
we host, For, ere the ships could meet by twice five and stay there, Dromio, till I come to thce. leagues,
Within this bour it will be dinner-time : We were encounter'd by a mighty rock ;
Till that, I'll view the manners of the town, Which being violently borne upon,
Peruse the traders, gaze upon the buildings, Our helpful ship was splitted in the midst,
And then return, and sleep within mine inn; So that, in this unjust divorce of us,
For with long travel I am stiff and weary. Fortune had left to both of us alike
Get thee away. What to delight in, what to sorrow for.
Dro, S. Many a man would take you at your Her part, poor soul! seeming as ordened
word, W!: lesser weight, but not with lesser woe,
And go indeed, having so good a mean.
(Ecit Dro. S. By fishermen of Corinth, as we thought.
+ Clear, completely. • Natural affection,
# The sign of their hotel.