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blished Church, with all its forms vernment was really an object of and ceremonies, and parapher- equal importance in the founder's nalia ? The conduct of every view with the preaching of the honest and conscientious Unita doctrines, which those who adopted rian, in such a case, must con- that form thus held in common demn that of his sect in keeping with their brethren of the Congrépossession of places of worship to gational or Independent denomiwhich they have not the shadow nation-then neither of the two of a claim, and award them to claimants before us appear to us those who, holding precisely the to have any right to the chapels, same doctrines with the founders, though still the better right is with differ with them but upon some the Congregationalists. The Uniminor points of discipline, which tarians, indeed, have no claim it is notorious that the divines of whatever; not from discipline, for the age of those founders consi- they are not Presbyterians; not dered as but of very minor and from doctrine, for they hold sentiindeed trifling importance, in com- ments the very reverse of those parison with soundness in the which the Presbyterians, of whom faith. It is even matter of his- we, and what is of far more importorical record, that the ministers tance, of whom the trust deeds of the two leading denominations speak, held as the truths of God. of Congregationalists and Pres. Some of the chapels of which the byterians were, in some districts, Unitarians have possessed themactually united, and that a sermon selves avowedly belonged to the preached upon the occasion at Step- orthodox Independents, there can, ney, in 1696, and published at the therefore, be no difficulty in finding unanimous request of the ministers right owners for them. . of both denominations who heard Hitherto we have argued the it, rejoices over the union and question with the Unitarians, as if public association of those who they were Presbyterians, though already possessed a

we have already shown that they « Oneness in the inward principles and

have just as little pretence to the outward practice of religion,--as joint name as have the Congregational members of Christ and one of another; or Independent churches. Dis(acknowledging) • one Spirit to enlighten missing this claim, therefore, as and teach, to sanctify, to direct and lead ; ali one Lo d, and that is the Lord Jesus Christ,

i altogether untenable, we may whom we all worship and serve , one jaren, which como f the writers on the

in dispatch also, in a word, that one system of Christian doctrine."-- which some of the writers on the p. xxxiv.

Unitarian side of this controversy Where, therefore, the trust deeds have advanced, to possess these mention expressly Presbyterian chapels as the heirs or successors Dissenters, but with other expla- of the original founders. Of those nations and limitations of the doc- founders, we believe that compatrines to be preached, it is clear, ratively few of the descendants on every principle of law and remain to hear doctrines from equity, that the chapels to which which their forefathers would have they relate, ought to go to those turned in mingled horror and diswho most nearly conform to the gust. But even were a large madoctrines and views of the foun- jority still among the worshipders, and they, without question, pers there, they would have no are the Congregationalists of the better claim to the property in the present day. But should it, on an chapel, than has a perfect stranger, attentive perusal, appear from the save on the conditions of the trust whole of any one deed, that the upon which it was set apart for Presbyterian form of church go- the purposes of religious worship. Those conditions of the doctrines effect the trusts they confided to to be preached, &c. are as much a them, upon the principles which part of the title to the chapel, as religion, law, honesty, and comare the trusts of an estate devoted mon sense alike prescribe to them, either to charitable or family we are persuaded that they would purposes requisites with which instantly resign what they must those who claim under thein must know full well that they have no comply, ere they can receive any right to hold, and could not hold, benefit from them. To trusts but for the ruinous expense of there can be no heirship, but in dragging them into the Court compliance with the terms im- of Chancery, to learn there that posed by those who created them. the law can and will compel them

The other remaining claim of to act like honest men. For this administering the trusts in ques- advice they may possibly do us tion, in as strict a compliance with the honour to rank us with the the will of those who settled them number of those who, in an unas existing circumstances will ad- just and persecuting spirit, wish mit, has been well nigh inciden- to rob and despoil them of the tally disposed of, in meeting the places of worship which they insupposed case of the identity in herited from their fathers. To this discipline of Unitarians and Pres- accusation we reply, however, by byterians. The doctrines of Cy- anticipation, in the language of pres, or carrying into execution the preface to the work before us. bequests and trusts, as nearly as possible to meet the wishes and

“Let them build and endow as many

chapels as they please,,let them employ directions of testators or persons

every fair and honest method to dissecreating trusts, is not merely re- minate their opinions, let them plant cognized in our courts, but must vines and fig-trees, and sit unmolested bebe a proposition too plain and pal

neath them: but why do they retain the

vines and fig-trees of wliich the rightful pable to the commonest under

owners have been dispossessed ? --why do standing to permit us for a moment they continue to occupy vineyards, which to argue on it here. Far better are not, and cannot be, justly theirs ? than any thing we could say upon

If, indeed, these trustees are prepared to

assert, that there is no departure from the subject are the two following

the intentions of the founders,- that there rules for the conduct of trustees, is no dereliction of the letter or the laid down by that excellent divine spirit of the deeds, and to substantiate and sound' moralist Dr. Pye

that assertion by an unreserved exhibition Smith.

of the necessary documents, we are quite

open to conviction. And, when they have - Trustees are bound to fulfil the known

thus shewn that all the chapels they ocintentions of founders or testators, faithfully

cupy were built and endowed by Unitaand strictly, unless they be immoral, in

rians, and that all the benefactions they which case the engagement is void from enjoy, were settled in trust for the propathe beginning ; or have become, from

gation of Unitarian doctrines, our apchange of circumstances, physically im. plauses shall accompany their vindication. possible.

and we shall claim their gratitude as the “If, in any case, such an impossibility

reward of our exertions in this inquiry."have accrued, it is the duty of trustees to pp. xiii. xir. approximate as closely as possible to the When they do this, we shall known intention of the trust.”—p. XXVIII. be happy to acknowledge our

Would but the Unitarian trus- selves in error for entertaining untees of chapels, usurped and founded suspicions of them ; but wrongfully wrested from the or- for the present we take our leave, thodox, give the venerable parch- with the expression of our regret ments, so carefully kept from the that, on both sides, the antagonists light of day, a careful perusal, in this controversy, with the exwith a determination to carry into ception of the Rev. Mr. Birt, and three anonymous correspondents, other words, we have first to look signing themselves “ An Unita- at the child - then at the parent, rian Christian,” “A Noncon- then at ourselves,--at the child formist,” and “ A Scotch Presby- neglected—the parent dishonoured terian," have written with some ourselves reminded of our conwhat more acrimony, sarcasm, sequent duty." This outline is and personality, than could have eloquently discussed, and the been desired in such a cause. . preacher throughout discovers an ristic sacrifice. I will train him to the observance of the Sabbath. The observation of the Sabbath, and the cele- following allusion to the recent bration of the public worship of God in the sublime devotions of our Liturgy.

We have confined ourselves to intimate acquaintance with huruan the chapel cases, but in the con- nature and scriptural truth, and troversy, Lady Hewley's charity, furnishes many hints of eminent Dr. Williams's library, and the practical utility. Indeed, we sinUnitarian College at York, are cerely rejoice to find that Mr. W., matters of serious discussion and while discoursing on the religious very grave accusation. The pub- education of the poor, availed himlication of the abuses of Lady self of the opportunity of addressHewley's 'trusts, in a separate ing to his more affluent hearers pamphlet, somewhat enlarged from some salutary instructions respectthe Appendix to this work, maying the pious training of their own possibly afford us an opportunity children, and we commend the folof hereafter recurring to another lowing impressive remarks to the branch of a question so important grave reflection of all our readers, as to be far from exhausted by a who sustain the parental characdiscussion which has already great- ter. ly exceeded the usual limits of our « But before we further enlarge on this reviews.


AND FAMILIES. We are all in danger. A Sermon, preached at the Parish

Perhaps there is no one religious duty so Church of St. Mary's, Islington,

much neglected as the right education of

children. We see children, in all ranks on Sunday Evening, December 11, of life, left to themselves and bringing their 1825; in aid of the Islington parents to shame. The duty of a right eduParochial Schools, in connexion

cation is not discharged by mere expense, with the National Society. By

by procuring masters at home or placing

children under tutors abroad. Education Daniel Wilson, A.M.-London: cannot be transferred to another. None Wilson.

can do it but you who are their parents. MR. WILSON's established repu

The springs of love and authority are with

you, and they flow freely at your call; tation as a preacher, and the large but they dry up if you attempt to convey and responsible parochial benefice them off to others. I am not speaking of he now enjoys, give to his publica

formal lessons, of mere instruction in tions, apart even from the intrin

human literature, of accomplishments in

manners, these may or may not be undersic worth they possess, an import

taken by the parent. These only relate to ance which must secure for them the mere development of the powers of critical observation.

the mind and the forming of the external

son the On the present occasion, the

habits. I speak of education in its highest

sense, as it is the direction of all the powers Vicar of Islington appears as the and faculties of the child to right objects, advocate of the National Schools as it is the implanting of religious princiconnected with his own parish, ples and forming of moral habits. And in and the passage he selects, “ A T he selection these points lies the province of parental

care--here it is that the youth must not child left to himself bringeth his be deserted by his natural guardians. mother to shame,”(Prov.xxix. 15.) Children are educated by every thing they is ingeniously divided in the tex- see and hear. Their love to their parents tual manner . The neglected edu

opens an easy access to their minds. They

are acute. inquisitive. imitative hevond cation-its deplorable effects the

conception. You cannot deceive them. motive to be hence derived. In They know the difference between the dry

lecture and the spontaneous dictates of and truth ; they will learn to abhor scenes your hearts. They discover what is the of wickedness, to dread a lie, to reverence real governing priuciples and habits of the Sabbath, to have a conscience void of your life : what the unaffected and honest offence before God and before man. To estimate you put on all things around you : these good beginnings, you may humbly and whatever they see you most love, trust that God will bestow increasing most value, most pursue, they conclude measures of grace; and that thus conshould be the objects of desire to them, scientiousness and religious knowledge will selves. Actions speak an intelligible lan- be gradually ripened into penitence, faith, guage. They judge of you by the things and love-that the heart will be devoted they observe in you, much more than by to the service of God in Christ Jesus, and the words of your mouth ; and they are the blessed Spirit deign to reside in it seldom inistaken. What educates a child, continually as his temple. in the most important sense, are those " The chief caution to be offered to natural and incidental proofs and expres- fathers in doing all this, is, I think, consions of your real sentiments which meet tained in the Apostle's direction, And ye their young ininds, not in the way of re- fathers provoke not your children to wrath. pulsive lectures, against which they put Mothers, generally speaking, need not this themselves in the posture of defence, but suggestion—their danger lies on the side in the guise of familiar example; which of indulgence, as we have shown; but the sink deep into the memory and pass, with father, when he seriously enters on the out resistance, into the principles and habits. duty of education, is often in danger of

“ Be therefore as much as possible expecting too much ; of irritating children with your children. Be sincere in serving by rash commands; of breaking their God, that you may guide them by every spirits, and discouraging them in their word and action. Do not make religion attempts to please him, by an injudicious only one of the things which you teach use of authority. Command, tempered them together with others, but let religion with love, is the golden medium. The evidently govern you in all you do. You mother's tenderness joined with the facannot be a perfect parent and instructor, ther's firmness, each improved by an infubut you may be a consistent one. Let sion of the quality peculiar to the other, not your children be left to themselves in is a high point of attainment in parental the only period when good habits can be duties."--pp 24--28. best formed. Establish your authority early. When this is once done, and your

On such an occasion, it was to be children know that your word is to be expected that Mr. W. would deminded, the chief trouble is over. But clare his decided preference for if the few first years are lost, they can the National Church, in which he never be regained. Attempts to assume authority in later life, commonly end in

ministers, and on the graduated driving children for "refuge among bad scale of which has already began companions, and rendering the company to ascend. He thus proclaims his of parents terrible, or at least unpleasant. Whilst, if the contrary course be taken,

purpose as a parent: and due authority be early exercised, it is “ For myself, I will train my child in easy to build on this foundation, to con- the simple scriptural tenets of our na. nect the child's happiness with his duty, tional church. I will teach him agreeand lead them to associate in his mind ably to the articles of that church, and of disobedience with misery, ovedience with the Bible on which it rests, the fall and cheerfulness and peace. You cannot, after corruption of man, the mystery of the all, do all you wish; but you may do ever-blessed trinity, the Deity, incarnamuch, under God, by whose grace only tion, and sacrifice of the Son of God, the Can any thing effectual be produced. Im person and operations of the Holy Ghost, plore that grace by constant prayer. Direct the necessity of repentance unto life, of your children to seek it for themselves, faith in our Lord Jesus Christ for justifica: Let it be your paramount desire that your tion before God, holy obedience in heart and children may be pious and wise, rather conduct, and the preventing and co-opethan rich and powerful. The important rating grace of God in all we do. What effects of this parental care will soon ap- need I say more? I will teach him all pear. Your children will be kept from the great facts and verities of the Christhe knowledge of gross vice; they will tian religion ; and with these I will conpreserve that principle of natural shame nect an enlightened but devoted adherence which providence has thrown round them; to the edifying rites of our Episcopal they will be shielded against the darts of Church. I will present my child at the infidelity and profaneness; they will be font of baptism. I will teach him to ratify guarded against bad companions; they in his own person in the edifying rite of will grow up modest, simple, unaffected; confirmation, the vows then made. I they will choose the paths of uprightness will lead him to the altar of our euchą.

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calamities in the commercial world

C To these habits I will add a spirit of steady are very appropriate. loyalty to his king and country, a willing " But I am drawn into too great a subjection to the law, a reverence to the length by these observations. I will only persons and offices of those in authority

advert to one topic more, which seems to in cburch and state. Thus I will teach demand a remark at this time. I refer to him to honour all men, to love the brother. The SUDDEN PANIC, which, like a storm. hood, to feur God, to horlour the king. No has burst over our country. We all acthing shall persuade me, whilst I have the knowledge, as Christians, that life is unBible in my hand, to separate these essen- certain--that eternity approaches--that tial parts from the solemn duty of educa- the care of the soul demands our first tion. No-- I will sow the young soil with concern--that moderation in the pursuits the specific seed which I wish to reap. I of time becomes our transitory state. will graft the tree with the precise kind But still the actual impression of secular of fruit I wish it to bear. I will bend the affairs is much greater than it ought to be. tender shoot in the very position and form The deductions of reason and religion are in which I wish to see it grow. I will far too feeble--the cautions of past expeembue the new vessel with the fragrant rience are forgotten--the world presses on odour which I wish it ever to retain. I in its seducing course--and any tide of will, indeed, go as far as any one in pro- rash speculation and enterprize finds men moting harmony and co-operation with almost as little prepared as ever to resist other bodies of Christians, where we are the flood. agreed in main principles--and where we " Such an alarm, then, as that which cannot co-operate, I will unfeignedly love we have lately witnessed, is a practical them still--but I will distinguish between lesson which ought not to be forgotten. charity and indifference, and I prefer act. With the sufferers, if such there are ing own convictions and adhering amongst you, I most deeply sympathize. to my own church in a matter like educa- I fear thousands and thousands of innotion, where the sacrifice of principle can cent persons may be irrecoverably injured, only tend to a hollow alliance without But I would speak now generaily of the abiding charity or real esteem.--pp. 38, 39. striking manner in which such an event Now this is consistent and

addresses itself to a great nation. It is

like the shock of an earthquake-the manly, and we commend the ex. ground on which we stand seems to sink ample to the ministers of our Dis- from under us. The very idol and boast senting churches. The time is not of our merchandize-CREDIT-is on a suddistant, we trust, when that mawk

den threatened. We see that we are not

merely liable to fall by the stroke of sickISN candour, which has been so ish candour, which has been so

ness, or be incapacitated for all earthly much in vogue, and which has re- pursuits and enjoyments by the advance strained so many from avowing

of age, but that our riches in a moment their own “ convictions,” lest, for

may make to themselves wings and fly away

towards heaven. We see, that every thing sooth, they should be considered

that a commercial and powerful people illiberal, will be discarded, with most glories in--peace, fame, good faith, the other fashions of this world, alliances, unbounded capital, vast openings and when “ that hollow alliance,”

for trade, the spirit of enterprize, an exu

berant revenue, alleviation of public burso frequently preserved by the loss

dens, the flourishing state of the arts, the of personal dignity, and by “ a prospect of augmented national wealth and sacrifice of principle,” will be tranquillity are insufficient for our security. broken, that men may boldly as

Some convulsion seizes the whole frame of

society-confidence is gone—the authosert what they believe to be true,

rities in the state must be summoned to yet still continue to “ speak the consult for the common safety--the chief truth in love."

monied bodies be called in to the aid of “ The Pastoral Address to the

the country--public assemblies rush toge

ther for the support of sinking commerce Inhabitants of St. Mary, Islington,

--universal confusion seems for the moon New Year's Day, 1826," is ment to impend : prefixed to the sermon, and in an “And what is the lesson, my dear paaffectionate and devotional style,

rishioners, which all this is designed to

teach ? Is it not that we should curb all adverts to the important subjects

eagerness in the accumulation of wealth; of family prayer and the religious that we should be satisfied with the ordi

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