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hopes that the rich and affluent among the blished, and nearly a hundred laity in general will show a prompt zeal, sons of poor ministers have been (as they have done upon so many other

and eduoccasions.) pot merely by their own india gratuitously boarded ridual subscriptions, but by endeavouring cated under its roof; yet it has to influence all within their neighbour- not even now obtained that suphood, to whom Providence has afforded port from our churches which the means of doing good. What may be ! done by strenuous exertion and perse

is commensurate with the extent vering application, and that in a short of the denomination, or the magperiod of time, has been so abundantly nitude of its claims. Its venerated demonstrated to the writer, in the case of founder has now left it to our body, the asylum for the Deaf and Dumb, that he feels no hesitation in persuading bim by whom, doubtless, it will be self that ample and growing success will upheld, as the appropriate monuattend this work also.

ment of his benevolent feelings " J. TOWNSEND." and dissenting attachments. Though a thousand copies of Mr. Townsend grew old in the this candid appeal were pri- steady prosecution of those works vately circulated, besides its far of piety and benevolence to which wider diffusion through the Evan- he had put his hand. He spent gelical Magazine, yet it must be a large portion of his time in the recorded, as illustrative of the in- Committees of the various Societies ertness of our denomination when with which he was connected, and its particular interests are only which was enough to dissipate the concerned, that, after the plan had mind of any ordinary man. But been published four months, the he possessed “very enviable faoffers of assistance he received cilities for prosecuting his labours, only amounted to £200.; and he for he could abstract himself for was therefore compelled to publish patient thought in the very midst a second letter, with some affecting of business, could sketch his statements of ministerial distress, sermons in a committee room, and to excite the spirit of a body conduct his hallowed meditations ever ready to care for the general in the streets of this crowded interests of the kingdom of Jesus metropolis.” Often has he been rather than of those which are ex- seen to draw from his pocket a clusively their own. After frequent mass of papers, from which some deliberation, it was determined, unfinished sermon had been sethough contrary to the wishes of lected, and to which he has added Mr. Townsend, to limit the pro- many a paragraph, as if unconposed establishment to a free- scious of what was passing around, school for the sons of poor Inde- and then, at the time when the pendent ministers, to be called the discussion grew warm, and other CONGREGATIONAL SCHOOL; and men's tempers appeared excited, in October, 1811, the first election he has risen, and in the accents of scholars took place.

of wisdom and love, suggested a In 1815, the premises at Lewe- course which has lessened the diffisham were purchased, to place the culties, and softened the asperities Institution on a more permanent of those around, who have acbasis ; and, to obtain the pur- knowledged the efficiency of his chase-money, Mr. T. furnished his affectionate interposition. full measure of toil and exertion, His eminent philanthropy seby taking a tour through great cured him the affectionate regard part of the counties of York and of the distinguished members of Lancaster, to excite the churches other communions. there to assist it by their patron

• “ His temptations to vanity," says the age.

Rev. George Clayton, “ were as powerFifteen years have passed since ful as could well have assailed any public this valuable Institution was esta- character. The applause of popular assemblies, the homage of the representatives "I was pleased to sce, in your last of foreign nations, the condescensions Number, the article respecting some kind of royal favour on the part of crowned of retreat for aged and worn-out mi. heads and of princes of the blood, the nisters. I have often turned my attengeneral estimation of the wise and good, tion to this subject; I wished, indeed, yet all this abated not the lowly estimate to have connected an Asylum for Aged he formed of himself. He was proof Ministers with the Congregational School, against the fascination of the high-born but could not carry the measure. I write smile,' which dissolved not his steadfast this short letter, Mr. Editor, to say I will virtue, nor betrayed him into vain-glo- most cheerfully join in any plan which rious display, or obtrusive presumption. is suited to carry this benevolent measure He knew his place, and modestly kept it, into immediate execution, either upon a and God honoured him in it with a high mixed or restricted principle. When it measure of usefulness. In my own hear is recollected how many very excellentinstiing, a venerable prelate of the episcopal tutions, for the support and comfort of church once said to him, in a public com- aged widows and decayed tradesmen, bare pany, 'Mr. Townsend, if you come to our been formed by the zeal and liberality of city, and take up your quarters any where individuals, who have left by will, or bave but in the bishop's Palace, I shall be quite devoted in their life-time, enough to puraffronted with you. And this was not chase a suitable building, and also an aathe only instance in which the episcopal nual allowance of money and coals; it portals were open to receive him, by ex- is to be lamented that no individual among press invitation."

our rich friends have properly felt this

question. Many Christians bave died so Yet, amidst it all, he never at.

very rich, that they might have provided tempted to conceal his humble most amply for their own families, and origin, and he once adverted, with yet not have forgotten and neglected this evident emotion at a meeting of desirable object. As soon as I have heard

of the death of a very rich Christian, I the City of London Auxiliary Bible have hoped and expected something of Society in the Egyptian Hall, to this kind; but hitherto I have been disapthe circumstances of his childhood, pointed, and therefore I am anxious to see when he came there on the Easter

something done by smaller donations and

annual subscriptions. Monday, with the other boys of

" J. TOWNSEND." the Blue Coat School, to receive a plumb-cake and a silver six But this he was not permitted pence, at the hands of the magis- to accomplish. He had done trates who successively filled the enough to render his name frą. civic chair, during the progress grant on earth, and doubtless to of his education.

obtain the approbation of heaven. He was unceasingly alive to We must now avail ourselves of every benevolent project, of which the affecting narrative of his closing he gave a public proof but a short days, which Mr. G. Clayton gives time before his death. A corres. in his funeral sermon, to which, inpondent in the Evangelical Maga- deed, we are already indebted for zine, suggested, that some plan several preceding particulars. might be devised for erecting a

" The last Sabbath he preached, he denumber of alms-houses, for poor livered two sermons from the same text: aged ministers, who might be « Consider what I say, and the Lord give superannuated. This immediately thee understanding in all things.” One revived in Mr. Townsend's mind,

was preached in the morning, at Orange

Street, and the other at his own chapel in that part of his original plan, in

the evening. connection with the Congrega. " During his illness, bis sufferings were tional School, which he was com- very severe, not being able to remain in pelled to abandon, and he pub

bed more than two or tbree hours out of

twenty-four, and frequently obliged to sit lished, in that useful miscellany,

ellany, in a chair all night; but the Christian the following reply, which we character was strongly exemplified through gladly transcribe, to excite in- the whole of his sufferings, in his graticreased attention to a subject

subiect lude, bumility, gentleness, and resignation

to the divine will. which demands the notice of the

“ He repeatedly acknowledged his own Congregational body.

unworthiness, and often said he was over

whelmed with shame, when he considered again, that he had begotten many sons in how much God had done for him, and the Gospel : he said, "Yes, I thank God, how little he had done for God; that he I have met with many such instances; should have been destitute of peace, if it and when I look at my own unworthiness, were not for the conviction that he rested and the talents I possessed as a minister of his hope alone upon the finished work of Christ, I am inclined to wonder that I salvation ; and that the Gospel he had so have been made an instrument of so much long preached to others was the only so. good. This is a plain proof that it is not lace to his mind, in the prospect of eter- the most eloquent address, or the greatest nity,

talents, which render the word of God is He remarked how mercifully God most successful. Not by might, nor by power, bad dealt with him, in making himn ac- but by my Spirit, saith the Lord;' and then ceptable and useful as a preacher, and concluded by saying, "Remember, from giving bim favour in the eyes of his fellow the lips of a dying man you are charged to creatures, and his brethren in the mic preach the Gospel of our Lord and Sanistry.

viour.' “On one of his family asking him how " It was the privilege of the preacher to he felt, resting his arm on bis Bible, (his observe, during a short interview with usual custom,) he replied, "Here I am him, some passages of the closing scene. safe; I know it is a finished righteous. The fixed posture of the mind was that ness :' and, on another occasion, " The of penitent prostration. He mourned promises contained in this book are my over what he termed his ' short comings, sheet-anchor.'

his unprofitableness,' the defects of his " When enduring excruciating pain, he purest motives, and best performances.' would repeat those lines,

He had, it was evident, a hope full of imMy suff'rings are not worth a thought,

mortality; but it arose not to a confident

assurance. When reminding him of the When, Lord! compar'd to thine,'

prospect of meeting, in glory, many to and would then call to the recollection whom he bad been instrumental of good, of those present the agonies of Christ in on earth, he said, in a tone of unpretendthe garden and on the cross. In one of ing modesty never to be forgotten, "I the paroxysms of extreme pain, a few hope so.' And having mentioned the pronights before his death, he said, "Human mised crown, purchased by the blood of nature cannot bear this long ;' and ex- the Mediator, as waiting for him, he exclaimed, "What must have been the claimed, . It is well for me that it is a sufferings of the martyr's at the stake! blood-bought crown, or I could never exWhat must have been the Saviour's agony, pect to wear it.' when, in the prospect of death, he cried ." The peace and prosperity of his out, Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass church lay near his heart, and be often from me; nevertheless, not my will, but thine, prayed that they might be directed and be done!' and immediately said, What blessed. On the Wednesday preceding are my sufferings, compared to the Sa- the first Sabbath in the month, he appeared viour's in the garden, when he sweat, as it much better, and told one of his family were, great drops of blood ?' Then, with that, if it were the Lord's will that he peculiar emphasis, never to be forgotten, should continue as well as he then was till he prayed, · Father of mercies, hear my the Sabbath afternoon, he would be led over poor prayer, if not to relieve, help me to the meeting, and give an address at the to bear and suffer;' at another time, It Lord's table. When she replied, 'I do not is the band of the Lord; I desire to bow think you must attempt that,' he said, “I with submission; this suffering is all ne- might, my dear, just go in and say, Little cessary to loosen my strong attachment to children, love one another.' my beloved family. On seeing one of " His exhortations to his grand-chilthem in tears, he desired them not to dren, to remember their Creator in the weep, but to remember the Lord was days of their youth, were frequent and a strong-hold in the time of trouble.'

earnest. " A young friend (who is looking for- « To a dear relative, who was much ward to the Christian ministry) expressing agitated and cast down at the prospect to him his firm conviction that the pro- of their separation by death, he said, mises of God were very sweet to him in "You must be still, and remember it is his affliction, 'Yes,' he replied, "they the will of the Lord.' To another he are my support; indeed, I find them to be said, “ As a minister of Christ, let usefulyea and amen in Christ Jesus. I have no ness be your continual aim.' extatic joy; but I have a sure hope and “ He observed to his much-loved partpeace in God." His young friend said, ner, 'You have made an idol of me, and 'You have been faithful unto death, you God is taking me from you; but you shall receive a crown of life. He re- must look up; God will take care of you.' plied, “I have done little for God; I wish To the friends and relatives who saw him I had done more.' He reminded him in his illness his constant charge was, " to show her the utmost attention and 5. Three Sermons, addressed to old, kindness after his removal.' He was middle-aged, and young people, 1797. 8vo. talking to her, without the least appear. 6. Nine Sermons on Prayer, 1799. 8vo. ance of the approach of death--laid his 7. The Gospel Testimony, a Sermon head upon her shoulder, and expired with on Acts xx. 24. 1800. out a groan or a struggle."

8. A Letter to the Bishop of Rochester, Thus he finished his course, on

on Sunday Schools and Itinerant Preach

jpg, 1801. 8vo. Tuesday evening, Feb. 7th, 1826, 9. A New Year's Gift for the Children in the 69th year of his age.

of Charity and other Schools, 12mo. 1803. Although Mr. Townsend was 10. The goodness of God to Israel, and

also to Britain, a Fast Sermon. 8vo. 1803. free from all the vanity of author

11. Lord Nelson's Funeral Improved, ship, yet, during his long public a Sermon. 8vo. 1806. life, he printed many sermons and 12. The Christian's Life and Hope, a Fupamphlets, which are very re

re neral Sermon for Mrs. Dunkin, 1806. 8vo.

13. Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress abridgspectable specimens of his powers

ed. 12mo, 1806. of thought and composition. We 14. The great importance of Peace and believe the following is a correct Prosperity to Christian Societies, a Serlist of them.

mon at the settlement of the Rev. W.

Chapman. 8vo. 1808. 1. A Sermon on the death of Dr. 15. Christ, the Life and Death, the Henry Peckwell, preached at Orange gain of true Believers, a Sermon on the Street, 1786. 8vo.

death of Mrs. Hawkes, 1808. 8vo. 2. The Happiness and Misery of a Fu. 16. An Address to Lying-in Women. ture State, a Sermon. 8vo. 1789.

12mo.-Also a translation of Monsieur 3. The Peaceable and Glorious Ten Claude's Defence of the Reformation, in dency of the Gospel, a Fast-day Sermon, 2 vols. 8vo. which he re-published, with 1795. 8vo.

a sketch of the author's life, including 4. Remarks on the Charge of Bishop some observations on the spirit of Popery, Horsley, to the Clergy of St. David's, in 1815. 1796. 8vo.

ORIGINAL ESSAYS, COMMUNICATIONS, &c.

ON THE EXTENT OF ANGLO. where there was not the capacity

SAXON OBLIGATIONS TO PAPAL and the learning required, for deMISSIONARIES.

scending triumphantly into all the

details of this “ great argument.” That truth has nothing to fear But the times are strangely alfrom inquiry, is a sentiment which tered, and your present correhas happily become trite among spondent is obliged to fear, that it us. The discussions which have is but a small minority, even of our recently directed the attention of teachers, who have ever seriously

troversy are certainly among the a controversy demanding as much last from which any material evil of acuteness, and more of historical is to be anticipated. Time was, acquisition, than any other by which when the adherence of the reformed the peace of the world, or the faith needed not so violent a sti church, has ever been affected. mulus to induce the effective ap- Should the spirit of debate lately plication of their powers to the evinced by certain members of the same matters of debate. Then Catholic communion, lead to a way-faring men were found quali- more adequate attention on our fied to contend on such points with parts to the points at issue, the all the adroitness of scholarship, result will doubtless be our more and when the solemn imposition intimate acquaintance with the of hands was rarely conferred ancient land-marks of the church of God, and a more fixed abhore to the conquest, may be viewed as rence of the papal usurpation. considerable ; but it is an impor

In the discussions adverted to, tant fact, and one by no means allusion has been more than once sufficiently attended to, that in the made to the costly zeal of papal year 664, when the Gospel was Missionaries in the cause of our professed by nearly the whole Saxon ancestors. And our present island, it had been introduced abandonment of much which our and maintained in at least twofathers were taught to believe and thirds of it, by Scottish Misto revere, has been so wrought up sionaries, men who knew how to by the skill of the polemic, into spurn the growing usurpations of a crime involving all the guilt of the pontiffs, resting their own a most un principled ingratitude, claims to a religious office on of a filial apostacy. It requires, higher authority. The states of however, but a slight knowledge the Octarchy had their separate . of casuistry, or of the original do- apostles ; these belonging to diffecuments relating to the Anglo- rent nations, each introduced among Saxon period of our history, to his converts, the forms which had expose the futility of this often- been sanctified by the practise of repeated charge. It is admitted his own communion. The people that the claims of antiquity bear a of Kent, Wessex, and East-Anglia, charm along with them, from which renounced their ancient superstithe most gifted minds have often tions under the direction of teachers found it next to impossible suffi- from Rome or Gaul. The East ciently to guard. In reply to the Saxons, the Mercians, and the above accusation, it is to be ob- tribes of Bernicia, and Deiri, served, that he who, in a review of whose territories stretched from the past, shall be found wisely to the mouth of the Thames and of separate the precious from the vile, the Severu, to the Friths of Edinaffords the best evidence not only burgh, were all led to their proof intellectual strength and honest fession of the Gospel by Scottish prowess, but of that state of feel. preachers, or by such natives as ing also which is ever due to the were indebted to them for educacause of humanity and truth. For tion.* From this diversity of there are duties incumbent upon customs, and among such of these us with respect to the unborn, as became the more frequent subwhich are quite as sacred as those which relate to the departed. The * Bede, Hist. iii. 17. 21, 22. The porpraise of gratitude to past genera

tions of Saxon Britain evangelized by the

last mentioned teachers, included tions is therefore too dearly pur

the

following counties :--Essex, Middlesex, chased, if at the cost of benevo

Leicestershire, Northampton, Lincoln, lence, with regard to such as are Rutland, Huntingdon, Oxfordshire, Glouyet to appear.

cestershire, Worcestershire, Warwickshire,

Herefordshire, Staffordshire, Shropshire, On the question before us, we

Chester, Derby, Nottingham, Lancaster, have the best authority for con

York, Westmoreland, Cumberland, Durcluding, that had the papal Mis- ham, and Northumberland. To which sionaries failed to reach the shores must be added, parts of Hertfordshire and of Saxon Britain, the faith of the

Bedfordshire, and the South of Scotland.

Of the remaining counties, Cornwall and Gospel would have become known

part of Devon were yet in possession of at no distant period to our ances- the Britons, who still retained their protors, and that in a less objection- fession of Christianity, while the Southable form, than as imported from Saxons, inhabiting Sussex, had not yet

renounced their ancient superstitions. Rome. The civil or religious

Usber. Prunord.c. xii. p. 394. Whitaker's benefits resulting from the Chris- History of Manchester, lib. ii. c. 4. p. 88. tianity known in England, previous Turner's Anglo-Saxons, Book iii. c. iv. New Series, No. 17.

2 H

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