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united so much intelligence and sweetness scandals among the religionists whose ef disposition, and loveliness of manners creed was already the object of their scorn. and of person. Her charm was that of And such cffences are sure to produce the blended dignity and gentleness. Not long utmost mischief in the minds of young after the commencement of my sister's persons whose education, while it has eleintimacy with this family, Mira exhibited vated their notions of the requirements of symptoms of the malady of which, in the christianity, has failed to affect themselves course of a few years, herself and her sis with the spirit of piety. ters, were the victims; she died at Exeter, “ In addition to these unfavourable after spending two or three years in fre- circumstances on the one side, these young quent, but hopeless changes of scene, ladies were exposed, on the other, to the among her friends in Ireland and the west most seductive influence from the conof England, Bythia, the second daughter, nections they had lately formed at a disthough less lovely in person, and less tance from home. Many of their new gentle in disposition than her elder sister, friends were persons at once intelligent, endeared herself to her friends by the affec- refined in their manners, amiable in their tionate warmth and candour of her dispo- tempers, and perfectly versed in all the sition. The progress of her fatal illness specious glozings of Socinianism. And was more rapid than in the case of her Socinianisı, only twenty years ago, was sister :--she died in Dublin in the preced much more specious than it is at present. ing year ; where also Eliza, her younger For within this period the course of consister, died soon after. Letitia--Jane's troversy bas deprived its professors of an friend, was little inferior, either in intelli- advantage--so important to the success gence or in loveliness, to Mira. Many of of infidel insinuations that of having the letters that passed between Jane and itself no defined or avowed principles to Letitia are before me, and although there defend. is not a little of girlish romance in them, « In the society of persons of this class they afford proofs enough of great energy these intelligent young women quickly of character on the one part, and of much imbibed the spirit, anà learned the lanwarmth and tenderness of feeling, and guage of universal disbelief; and whatoriginally of thought on the other.
ever might have been their early devoLetitia quickly followed her sister to tional feelings, they became confessedly the grave. She also had been sent, more irreligious in their tastes and habits. than once, to the West of England; and This change was but little obvious in the died on her way thither, at Basingstoke, placid temper of Mira. She was, indeed, Dec. 12, 1806. The death of Letitia s. fascinated with the showy simplicity of under the peculiar circumstances which this masked deism, and perplexed by its attended it, made a deep impression upon sophistries; but she thought and felt tgo the mind of her friend; and is indeed so much to be ever perfectly satisfied with fraught with instruction that it may well the opinions she had adopted :--her mind claim a page in this memoir. Should the had rather been entangled than captivated. following brief narrative meet the eye of During her illness she seemed anxious, in the only surviving member of the family, some degree, to retrace her steps; and in I doubt not he would willingly consent to the last days of her life she earnestly reits being given to the reader.
: commended her sisters to addict them“ The mild and gentle spirit of their selves, with greater seriousness and humother did not supply to these young mility, to the reading of the Scriptures ; women the loss they had sustained in the and died imploring, with mournful indedeath of their father. They soon learned cision, to be saved in God's own way.' • to pay too little deference to her wishes " Letitia was not at all less forward and opinions; and finding herself unable, than her sisters, to renounce what she by gentle measures, to control the high termed-- the errors of her education :'-spirits of her daughters, she left them, she was even more determined and dogmawith a faint show of opposition, to follow tical than some of them in her new protheir own tastes. Her inefficient influ fessions. This difference of opinion, along ence seemed rather to accelerate tuan re witb other circumstances, had lessened tard their abandonment of all the princi the intimacy between Letitia and .Jane : ples--or prejudices, as they were fondly they maintained, however, to the last, a called, of their education. And so eager friendly correspondence; though the subwere they in the work of thinking for ject of religion was, by the desire of the themselves,' that a very short time sufficed former, banished from their letters. to establish them in a resolute contempt . " After many changes of place, she of every principle they had received from once more left Colchester, accompanied their parents. This tendency of their by her mother, on her way to Devonshire; minds to discard whatever they had been but was soon compelled to make her last taught in matters of belief, was unhappily home at an inn on the road ; where she aggravated by their witnessing a general lingered more than three nionths. The laxity of manners, and some Aagrant disappointment of her strong wish to reach
NEW SERIES, No. 13.
Exeter, awakened her to the knowledge came with respect to his own conof her immediate danger ; and this appre- duct: nor shall we enter on that hension was soon succeeded by all the terrors of an affrighted conscience. The
field of discussion, which this subconviction of being an offender against ject might throw open. But we the Divine Law, and exposed, without heartily wish success to every shelter, to its sanctions, took such full effort, which has for its object possession of her spirit that, for a length
the restraint and ultimate extincof time, she rejected all consolation : and endured an agony of fear, in expectation tion of war-the direst scourge of dyiug without the hope of the Gospel. which the depravity of man has At length, however, her mind admitted entailed on his species. This will freely and joyfully that only hope set
i no doubt take place, like the acbefore us;' and she fully and explicitly renounced the illusions by which she had complishment of most other probeen betrayed; declaring them to be phetic events, by direct human inutterly insufficient to satisfy an awakened strumentality; and we hail the conscience, in the prospect of standing before the bar of the Supreme Judge. She
appearance of the spirit of peace, lived long enough to display many of the which has been manifested in effects of this bappy change :--the whole several tracts that have been pub
she became patient, thankful, affectionate,
: rica, tending to represent war
rina 'ton and humble; and triumphed in the profession of her hope :--- My hope,' she in its proper colours, and ultisaid, ' is in Christ. -in Christ crucified :-- mately, though we fear not very and 1 would not give up that hope, for all speedily, to promote the pacificathe world.'"--pp. 27 -- 34.
tion of the world. On this ground (To be continued.)
we recommend the pamphlet beninnnn
fore us to the public perusal. Observations on the Causes and The letters contained in this
Evils of War ; its Unlawfulness; first part are six in number, and and the Means and Certainty of are the following, Introductory ; its Extinction : in a series of on the alleged Causes of War; on its Letters addressed to a Friend. real Causes ; on its Physical Evils ; By Thomas Thrush, late Cap- on its Moral Evils, in two letters. tain in the Royal Navy; intended In the letter on the real causes as an Apology for withdrawing of war, the author regards the himself from the Naval Service, " present systems of classical
8vo. Wightman, Fleet Street. education,” as having a foremost This pamphlet is the first part of place. There can be little doubt, a series of letters on War, by a in unprejudiced minds, that the Captain in the Navy, who ad- unqualified admiration which is dressed a communication to the generally felt by youth, of the King, on resigning his commis- heroic qualities, as exhibited in sion in his Majesty's service, on the productions of classical antithe alleged ground of the unlaw- quity, have much tended to perfulness of war. We should be petuate the warlike spirit from happy to find this doctrine becom- generation to generation. It can ing popular in the ear of princes; scarcely be denied, that the direcwe are assured, at all events, the tion which is given to these qualitime will arrive, when, through the ties, in those writings, is, in the triumph of Christianity, which is majority of instances, diametrically the reign of peace, the nations opposed to the meek, resigned, “ shall learn war no more; but, and benevolent spirit of Chrison the contrary, shall beat their tianity. We think', however, that swords into ploughshares, and without losing the advantages of
We do not here arbitrate on the a reform in the mode of conductdecision to which Captain Thrush ing it would tend indefinitely to
lessen the evil which is often likely war; and can these be subdued ? My to ensue. It should be shown answer is, that, to a certain extent they
arise from the errors of education, and for instance, that Christianity ad
that their influence may, at least, be mits the heroic qualities; com- greatly diminished. This must be the bining all that is generous in feel case, unless our system of education is ing, with all that is patient in the
already perfect; an opinion that few will
be bold enough to maintain. You appear endurance of pain, privation, and
to think war irremediable; do you also death. For the proof, we only think that covetousness, ambition, jeaneed recur for a moment to the lousy, and revenge are irremediable, and history of the “ martyrs of Jesus.”
that the virtues of benevolence and forNo warlike heroism was ever like
giveness of injuries are unattainable by us?
If you thus think, a state of peace is, on their's ! They had no excitements your principles, unattainable ; but, in arof temporal reward-no inspiring riving at this conclusion, you virtually trumpets to kindle their ardour
admit that Christianity prohibits vices
which we cannot resist, and imposes no exhibitions of chivalry and
virtues which we have no power to pracpomp-no phantoms of glory be tise. In other words, that it is a fine spun fore their eyes—their's were the system of ethics, beautiful in theory, but sufferings of faith, and those were incapable of being reduced to practice. undergone in the full, calm, and
Believing that Christianity is a practical
religion, and that the diminution of vice, deliberate view of all the most ap
and the increase of virtue have been palling forms which the king of greatly retarded by errors in education, terrors could assume. Youth I will, with your permission, dedicate a should be taught these things by
few pages to this subject.
“ As a seaman, and with my slender their classical instructors-perpe- pretensions to learning, it may appear pretual comparisons and parallels sumptuous in me to hazard an opinion should be made-Achilles, with on such a subject; but not much learnhis sullen and revengeful wrath,
ing is required to convince the most care.
i less observer that the present systems of for instance, may be contrasted
classical education have a direct tendency with Stephen the first martyr, and to produce a character the very reverse of his conduct towards his enemies meek, yielding, complying, forgiving ; and the hopeless grief of Cicero
not prompt to act, but willing to suffer ;
silent and gentle under rudeness and inunder trial and bereavement, may
sult; suing for reconciliation, when be brought into view with the others would demand satisfaction; giving resignation exemplified in the his- way to the pushes of impudence ; contory of Job. Much of the evil
ceding and indulgent to the prejudices,
the wrong-headedness, the intractability complained of might be counter
of those with whom we have to deal.' acted, if Christian preceptors would Education, as at present generally cononly remember, that the great end ducted, instead of forming the Christian of education is to form spirits for
character, here admirably described by
Dr. Paley, is far more likely to form a a happy existence, which, though
character on a Roman or Grecian model, it commences here, is to run into and to establish what most parents, nothing less than an infinite dura- blinded by classical prejudices, wish for; tion! We certainly think, that
viz. the heroic character which possesses
vigour, firmness, resolution ; is daring and the classical models of eloquence
active, quick in its sensibilities, jealous in never have been, or will be, sur its fame, eager in its attachments, inpassed; nor do we imagine that a flexible in its purpose, violent in its resentstyle formed on this basis is ne
ment.' I would here ask you, my dear cessarily connected with the re
Sir, if you do not think it quite as possible
by education, to establish one of these jection of Scripture phraseology. character as the other ? If the former It will be allowed there is much were universal, the case is clear : the truth in the following remarks :
world would be a society of friends.
Whereas, if the other disposition were “ Granting that war arises from the universal, it would produce a scene of unicauses I have stated, another inquiry of versal contention. The world would not great importance presents itself. From hold a generation of such men.' whence arose those lusts which occasion - In the present rage for classical and polite literature, Christianity may not tian principles imbibed at these public unaptly be compared to the seed which seminaries, 80 far from being corrected, fell among thorns. As soon as a young or dispelled by reading or adult education, man enters one of our classical or fighting appear to be increased at 'every stage of seminaries, the small stock of Christian knowledge. The historian, the poet, the knowledge he carries there, is liable to be dramatist, the novelist, as well as the choked by classical weeds, and the Chris- public orator, the statesman, and even the tian character is frequently lost in the grave divine, alike lead men away from heroic.
the paths of peace. It is true they gene“ When it is considered that most of rally lament,' and often with much elothe great statesmen of Europe, during quence, the dire calamities that war inmany ages, have been brought up in clas- Aices; but they, for the most part, speak sical and fighting seminaries ; and that a of the men through whose agency these similar education is indispensably necessary evils are perpetrated, as heroes and pafor a prince or a legislator, and that many triots."--pp. 25--29. of these have finished their education in camps and fleets, we need no longer won
: Some of our readers will think der at the sanguinary and anti-christian the following passage in the letter, criminal codes established in most na- on the real causes of war, sometions ; nor can we be surprised at the what of a muriosity anomaly of our own code, which dis what of a curiosity. qualifies those who slaughter animals, " Some of the popular doctrines of refrom sitting as jurors, while it permits ligion, particularly those of Calvin, appear those who slaughter men, to sit as legisla- to have a tendency to check those feeltors. When we further reflect that a ings of universal philanthropy which large portion of the bishops and superior Christianity inculcates. If men entertain clergy, have been educated in the same the belief that a part of their fellowway, and taught from early youth to vene- creatures are labouring under the displearate the lex talionis, rather than the for sure of God, and regard them as his enegiving, meekness of Jesus ; we need not mies, they consider them as the enemies wonder that they have never advocated of the elect, or of themselves. Those who the unpopular and anti-classical doctrine contemplate God as wanting in mercy, of non-resistance, and patient endurance which Calvinism, however modified, imof evils, or that some of them bave been plies, are not likely to practice universal the open and avowed advocates of war. benevolence."-pp. 37, 38. We may rather be astonished that they have entertained any respect at all for the
We are not prepared to subChristian code.
scribe to "all and every thing," " If we bring the matter home to our either in the institutions of Calvin, own country, and examine the orations that are held in the highest estimation,
or “ in the Book of Common whether in the senate or at the bar, the
Prayer." We are disciples of standard of their excellence is their con. Horace, in reference to human formity to classical models. To be ad- authorities, and on this subject mired, an orator must speak and think
we should choose our motto classically, and should any expression escape him, where scriptural phrases or to be NUUS addictus, eu
to be nullius addictus, etc. We ideas are introduced, it is considered as an must confess we felt inclined indelible mark of bad taste. I adınit that to smile in our sleeve, at the idea we have many shining examples of indi
that Calvinism, “ however modividuals, uniting the meek and pacific spirit of Christianity, with the highest classical fied,” is not likely to lead to beneattainments ; but may we not regard these volence. We were simple enough as exceptions to a very general rule ? And to imagine that genuine Christians, can we suppose it probable, that where whether nominally Calviniste or our ideas, and our modes of expressing them, are borrowed from Greece or Rome, Arminians, must be essentially the our minds will not very generally corre- same, and that whatever specu. spond to these ideas ? Can we expect that lative differences may exist beour heads will be Roman, and our hearts tween them, their religious feelings Christian? Can we expect that the professed admirers of the heroes of Homer. and practice must be of one general will be the sincere and humble followers complexion. It appears that proof Jesus? Then may we expect that fessed Calvinism, in some of its young men educated in fighting and classi- modli
modifications at least, is capable of cal seminaries, will practise forgiveness of insults and injuries.
exciting its adherents to high en." The early delusions and anti-chrie- terprises of benevolence-be wit
ness Otaheite, Africa, and Hin- disgust; and humanity is sick at dostan; and on the other hand pro- heart, to think that the agents in fessed Arminianism in some, at such scenes of blood and horror least, of its modifications, is ca- were not demons! but men! pable of presenting the aspect of a The following extracts are taken devout and humble Christian, who by the author from Labaume's ascribes his salvation entirely and account of Buonaparte's expeonly to God, as the author of all dition to Moscow : spiritual human excellence. If a belief be entertained that the
" The most heart-rending scene which Scriptures are the word of God;
my imagination had ever conceived, far
surpassing tbe most afflicting accounts in and if the same person feel con- ancient or modern history, now presented vinced that they reveal at once itself before our eyes. A great part of the the doctrine that it is God that population of Moscow, frightened at our “ maketh to differ," and the
arrival, bad concealed themselves in cellars,
or secret recesses of their houses. As the duty of cherishing "universal be. fire spread around, we saw them rushing nevolence,” we see no barrier in in despair from their various asylums. the way to the practice of the
They uttered noimprecations, they breathed latter. This, however, we sup
no complaints, but carrying with them
their most precious effects, fed before pose, would, by way of distinc, the flames. Others of greater sensibility, tion, be called Calvinism in some and actuated by the genuine feelings of of its modifications. We have nature, saved only their children, who met with many such Calvinists,
were clasped closely in their arms. Many
old people, borne down with grief rather and have not perceived them to
than by age, had not sufficient strength to be at all fettered in their ideas of follow their families, and expired near the man's responsibility, which they houses in which they were born.
" Desirous of terminating the recital of appeared most completely to ac
this horrid catastrophe, for which history knowledge, and practically to feel;
wants expressions, and poetry has no co-and this, we were led to con- lours, I shall pass over in silence many ceive, arose partly from their circumstances revolting to humanity, and having sufficient firmness of mind merely describe the dreadful confusion
which arose in our army, when the fire not to allow what they do know
had reached every part of Moscow, and to be disturbed by what they do the whole city was become one immense not know ; or, in other words, not
flame. to suffer plainly revealed duties to
" A long row of carriages was perceived
through the thick smoke, loaded with be infringed on by their specula
booty. Being too heavily laden for the tions on what may be denominated exhausted cattle to drag them along, they “secret things,” which, though were obliged to halt at every step, when equally revealed, as to their actual
we heard the execrations of the drivers,
who terrified at the surrounding flames, existence, are in other respects un
endeavoured to push forward, with dreadknown.
ful outcries. The soldiers were still armed, The letter on the physical evils diligently employed in forcing open every of war contains such pictures of
door. They seemed to fear lest they
should leave any house untouched. In the dreadful consequences which
spite of the extreme peril which threatened immediately follow in its train, as them, the love of plunder induced our are truly appalling, and which soldiers to brave every danger. Stimu. must induce every lover of his spe
lated by an irresistible desire of pillage,
they precipitated themselves into the cies most earnestly to pray for the
flames. They waded in blood, treading time when He, to whom the shields upon the dead bodies without remorse, of the earth belong, shall cause wars whilst the ruins of the houses, mixed with to cease to the ends of the earth.
burning coals, fell thick on their murderous
hands. An awful contrast, indeed, is here
6. The nearer we approached the Mapresented to the hilarity, the show, jaisk, the more desolate the country apthe vanity of a parade! We'turn peared. But most horrible was the mulfrom the spectacle with terror and titude of dead bodies which, deprived of