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are calculated in no common de- shall we approximate to that period gree to qualify the man of God for when “violence shall no more be his work, by making him an able heard in the land; wasting nor minister of the New Covenant, destruction in its borders." not of the letter, but of the spirit. The progressive advancement of We take our leave of the author christian philanthropy during the with our most cordial thanks, by last half century, confirms this requoting the concluding observa- mark; for during that period
christian · principles have, like " How delightful to pass the boundaries some fertilizing rivulet, wound their of this vain and evil world, and to en. way through many classes of solarge our views with the contemplation of ciety; and though, like the meanfuture glory! What a noble inheritance deriný stream
e dering stream, they have been hid
ti presents itself! There dwells the King in his beauty,' even he who was once a
from sight, yet their presence has man of sorrows, and · whose visage was been attested by the living verdure more marred than any man;' but who is and the abundant fertility which now arrayed in all the splendour of the have attended their course. Hence celestial temple. There bis redeeming love is the very element of life and of
that compassion for the sufferings
a compassion for the sunerings blessedness. And how extensive is the of captured Africans, that soliciheavenly Canaan ; it is, indeed, a land tude for outcast aborigines, that which extends a' very far off.' But great desire for the emancipation of enas it is, the believer is called to arise and to walk throughout it, in the length of it, Slaven negroes, and that dispositio and in the breadth of it;' for the promise to promote universal peace, which of his God and father is, ' I will give it have been so happily apparent in unto thee.' " What is a land flowing with the public mind. The genius of milk and money, the glory of Israel's portion, compared with a country where there
Christianity has asked, concerning are rivers of pleasures, and joys for ever- every sufferer, “is he not a man more ? Here no sorrow can imbitter, no and a brother ?” and at her calm enemies interrupt, no lapse of time ex- rebuke whole nations have shaken haust the joy of its blest inhabitants.
S off that heartless indifference to Here is an eternal Sabbath, an uninterrupted state of repose.'--Al! what are human woes, which too long now the little busy scenes of earth, that marked them as the descendants perplex the mind, and engross so much of the first murderer, who said, time and thought ? Or what the gilded
“ Am I my brother's keepe?
Am trifles of the world, riches, honours, and pleasures ? They all die away and disap
b. And is the stream of christian be
Ana is the stream of christian be pear, absorbed in this delightful prospect, nevolence to terminate with a as stars that vanish before the mid-day care of our own species? No sun.'— What a heaven will it be to be " A righteous man regardeth the holy, as God is holy,--to enjoy the presence of Christ, and his people,--to unite Me 01 Is Deast,
life of his beast,” and christian
and o with the whole hosts of the celestial king- compassion must therefore flow to
dom in its exalted worship, and to have the whole inferior creation, "groan• the closest fellowship with God, as our ing and travailing in pain," until
own God and Father! Truly this is a heaven worth dying for!"--p. 431.
the lower animals participate with their fallen master in the blessings
of that heaven-descended system On Cruelty to Animals: A Serinon which shall remove the curse of
preached in Edinburgh, on the his great apostacy, and introduce 5th of March, 1826, by Thomas a state of ic harmony and family Chalmers, D.D. of St. Andrew's. accord,” the blissful dawning of
the millennial day, The remedial character of the The admirable sermon of Dr. Gospel is a powerful motive for Chalmers, now before us, is, we its extension, as it is certain that believe, the first annual discourse the more widely its benevolent which has been preached, in conprinciples are diffused, the nearer sequence of the appropriation of £200. by a benevolent lady, Mrs. in the sports of the field and of Gibson, for the endowment of a the ring, and even in the experiyearly lecture, to be delivered ments made on living animals, by in Edinburgh against cruelty to “ Science's enamoured worshipanimals. The good Doctor dwells, pers;" the cruelties which are with marked complacency,upon this perpetrated result' not from a expedient, and doubtless some of fiendish delight in the agonies of the well paid drowsy lecturers of sentient creatures, but from the the South will smile at his simpli- absence of that " regard” which a city, in anticipating that similar good man will uniformly display endowments will quicken the ener- towards them. Our readers would gies of the northern establishment, be much gratified by extracts from which have acted so often as a the descriptive passages in this sedative to their own.
part of the discourse, which we 66 An endowment for an annual discourse can assure them are in Dr. Chalupon a given theme, is, we believe, a no- mer's happiest manner, but we velty in Scotland; though it is to similar prefer to quote the following deinstitutions that much of the best, sacred, fence of his position, because it and theological literature of our sister country is owing. We should rejoice if,
combines sentiments wbich merit in this our comparatively meagre and un the regard of every accountable beneficed land, both these themes and mind. these endowments were multiplied. We recommend tiis as a fit species of charity, " In the views that we have now given, for the munificence of wealthy individuals.
and which we deein of advantage for the Whatever their selected argument shall be,
right practical treatment of our question, whether that of cruelty to animals, or some
it may be conceived that we palliate the one evidence of our faith, or the defence
atrociousness of cruelty. It is forgotten, and illustration of a doctrine, or any dis
that a charge of foulest delinquency may tinct method of , christian philanthropy be made up altogether of wants or of ne. for the moral regeneration of our species, gatives ; and, just as the human face, by or aught else of those innumerable topics the mere want of some of its features, that lie situated within the rich and ample
although there should not be any inversion domain of that revelation which God has
of them, might be an object of utter loathmade to our world-we feel assured that
someness to beholders, so the human chasuch a movement must be responded to
racter, by the mere absence of certain with beneficial effects, both by the gifted
habits, or certain sensibilities, which bepastors of our church, and by the aspiring long ordinarily and constitutionally to our youths of greatest power or greatest pro. species, may be an object of utter abomia nise among its candidates. Such institu
nation in society. The want of natural tions as these would help to quicken the affectiou forms one article of the Apostle's energies of our establishment; and, through indictment against our world; and certain means of a sustained and reiterated effort, it is, that the total want of it were stigma directed to some one great lesson, whether
enough for the designation of a monster. in theology or morals, they might impress, The mere want of religion, or irreligion, is and that more deeply every year, some spe- enough to make man an outcast from his cific and most salutary amelioration on
God. Even to the most barbarous of our the principles or the practices of general
kind you apply, not the term of antihumasociety.”-p. 32.
nity, but of inhumanity--not the term of The discourse is founded on antisensibility: and you hold it enough
for the purpose of branding him for geProv. xii. 10. " A righteous man
neral execration, that you 'convicted him regardeth the life of his beast,"
of complete and total insensibility. He is and it opens with noticing the two. regaled, it is true, by a spectacle of agony fold signification of the word re- ---but not because of the agony. It is gard. * In the one application, so and is in the one annlication something else, therewith associated, which
" regales him. But still he is rightfully the the intellectual, it is the regard of subject of most emphatic denunciation, not attention. In the other, the moral, because regaled by, but because regardless it is the regard of sympathy and of, the agony. We do not feel ourselves kindness.” Lindness »
On this distinction the to
. affirm it to be not altogether certain, whediscourse is founded, and the Doc- ther he rejoices in the extinction of life ; tor very eloquently contends, that for we count it a deep atrocity, that, unlike
to the righteous man of our text, he simply when it becomes habitual, is not does not regard the life of a beast. You kept within the bounds of an in, may, perbaps, have been accustomed to look upon the negatives of character, as
ferior species, but wars with reckmaking up a sort of neutral or midway less cruelty against our own. innocence. But this is a unistake. Un- The Doctor has not, however, enfeeling is but a negative quality; and yet forced the duty of human legis. we speak of an unfeeling monster. It is thus that even the profound experi
lative interference upon the ground mentalist, whose delight is not in the of expediency, but has appealed to torture which he iuflicts, but in the truth " the legislations and the cares of wbich be elicits thereby, .may become an the upper sanctuary.” on behalf of object of keenest reprobation; not because he was pleased with suffering, but
our own feeble race, with a force simply because he did not pity it--not be- and boldness which must be recause the object of pain, if dwelt upon by sistless in every devout mind. him, would be followed up by any other emotion than that which is experienced by " It may be thought by some that we other men, but because, intent on the pro. have wasted the whole of this Sabbath sccution of another object, it was not so inorn, on what may be ranked among but dwelt upon. It is found that the eclat the lesser moralities of human conduct. eren of brilliant discovery does not shield But there is one aspect, in which it may him from the execrations of a public, who be regarded as more profoundly and more can yet convict him of nothing inore than peculiarly religious than any other virtue simply of negatives--of heedlessness, of which reciprocates, or is of mutual opera. heartlessness, of looking upon the agonies tion among the fellows of the same species. of a sentient creature without regard, It is a virtue which oversteps, as it were, and therefore without sensibility. The the limits of a species, and which, in this true principle of his condemnation is, that instance, prompts a descending movement, he ought to have regarded. It is not that, on our part, of righteousness and merce in virtue of a different organic structure, towards those who have an inferior place he feels differently from others, when the to ourselves in the scale of creation, The same simple object is brought to bear upon lesson of this day is not the circulation of him. But, it is, that he resolutely kept benevolence within the limits of one spethat object at a distance from his atten cies. It is the transmission of it from one tion, or rather, that he steadily kept his species to another. The first is but the attention away from the object; and that, charity of a world. The second is the in opposition to all the weight of remon charity of a universe. Had there been no strance which lies in the tremors, and the such charity, no descending current of love writhings, and the piteous outcries of ago and of liberality from species to species, nized Nature. Had we obtained for these what, I ask, should have become of ourthe regards of his mind, the relentings of selves ? Whence hare we learned this athis heart might have followed. His is not titude of lofty unconcern about the creaan anomalous heart; and the only way in tures who are beneath us ? Not from which he can brace it into sternness, is by those ministering spirits who wait upon barricading the avenue which leads to it. the heirs of salvation. Not from those That faculty of attention, which might angels who circle the throne of heaven, have opened the door, through which suf and make all its arches ring with joyful fering without finds its way to sympathy harmony, when but one sinner of this proswithin, is otherwise engaged ; and the pre- trate world turns his footsteps towards cise charge, on which either morality can them. Not from that mighty and mysterightfully condemn; or humanity be of rious visitant, who unrobed Him of all fended, is, that he wills to have it so."- his glories, and bowed down his head unto pp. 18–21.
the sacrifice, and still, from the seat of No one can contemplate “ the
his now exalted mediatorship, pours forth
his intercessions and his calls in behalf of progress of cruelty,” as delineated the race he died for. Finally, not from by the faithful pencil of Hogarth, the eternal Father of all, in the pavilion without feeling that the petty ty
of whose residence there is the golden
treasury of all those bounties and beati. • rannies which are exercised upon
tudes that roll over the face of nature, the inferior creatures, grow up at and from the footstool of whose empyreal length to murderous atrocities throne there reaches a golden chain of against our own race, and therefore providence to the very humblest of his that it is quite consistent with the
nt with tha family. He who hath given his angels
charge concerning us, weans that the tide dignity of legislation to protect . of beneficence should pass from order to them from that violence which, order, through all the ranks of his magni
ficent creation ; and we ask, is it with yet effective style of this eloquent man that this goodly provision is to ter- discourse. commend their cause at minate--or shall he, with all his sensations of present blessedness, and all his visions once to the intellectual and moral of future glory let down upon him from regard of mankind. above, shall he turn him selfishly and scornfully away from the rights of those
+++ ++ creatures whom God hath placed in de pendence under him? We know that the The Modern Traveller. Palestine, cause of poor and unfriended animals has' Syria, Asia Minor, and Arabia. many an obstacle to contend with in the London: Duncan. 12mo. in 8 difficulties or the delicacies of legislation. But we shall ever deny that it is a theme
Parts. 2s. 6d. each. beneath the dignity of legislation; or Tur researches of travellers have that the nobles and the senators of our land stoop to a cause which is degrading, become so extensive during the when, in the imitation of heaven's high few past years, and their producclemency, they look benignly downward tions consequently so voluminous, on these humble and helpless sufferers. thot
rers that it is impossible for any man,
; Ere we can admit this, we must forget the whole economy of our blessed gospel. We who has to devote inuch of his must forget the legislations and the cares of time to graver pursuits, or severer the upper sanctuary in behalf of our fallen studies, to peruse even the tythe species. We must forget that the redemp- of thom
opi of them. Nor would it, indeed, tion of our world is suspended on an act of jurisprudence which angels desired to look be worth the while; for many of into, and for effectuating which, the earth these works, perhaps, we might we tread upon was honoured by the foot. say, the majority of them, are so steps, not of angel or of archangel, but of full of unimportant matter, and God manifest in the flesh. The distance upward between us and that inysterious trivial incidents and adventure, Being, who let himself down from heaven's that the information gained from high concave upon our lowly platform, them can hardly compensate for surpasses by infinity the distance downward
Ward the time devoted to their perusal.
the tim between us and every thing that breathes. And He bowed himself thus far for the To this add, the expensive nature purpose of an example, as well as for the of this class of productions, which purpose of an expiation; that every Chris- renders them utterly inaccessible tian might extend his compassionate re- to the greater part of the reading gards over the whole of sentient and suf fering nature. The high court of Parlie public. ament is not degraded by its attention, To obviate these difficulties, and its cares in behalf of inferior crea- and to furnish the public with an tures, else the Sanctuary of Heaven has
& authentic, easily attained, and been degraded by its councils in behalf of the world we occupy, and in the execution above all, condensed system of of which the Lord of heaven himself re- travels, in which the reader may linquished the highest seat of glory in the find all that it is necessary for him universe, and went forth to sojourn for å to know, without being annoyed · time on this outcast and accursed terri
with the trifling too often apparent tory."--pp. 37--40.
in works of this kind, the “ Mo· We rejoice that this delicate, dern Traveller” has been projectyet most benevolent subject, has ed. It has now been carried on been thus pleaded, and we trust for more than two years, in which that the ministers who shall follow our stay-at-home tourist has as the advocates of a suffering journeyed over Palestine, Asia creation, will not, with St. An- Minor, Syria, Arabia, and South thony, and St. Francis, or other America, as well as the southern heated enthusiasts of the same part of North America, Russia, class, in the excess of their zeal, and Spain, and is now occupied fraternize with the brutes, and in Birmah. One part is published thus expose themselves to the im- every month, and two such parts putation of assinine sympathies, form a volume. but in the calm, just, subdued, As to the execution of the work, whether we consider the industry lens before the prismatic hues, and research with which the man concentrate and homogenize their terials have been collected, or the conflicting appearances. judgment displayed in the dis- The parts now before us are posing of them, we can scarcely those which relate to Scripturespeak in terms of too high com- geography. We have noticed mendation. The labour of read- them apart, because they fall with ing must, indeed, have been im- more peculiar propriety than the mense. The whole literature of rest of the series under our notice. travellers seems to have been laid In four small volumes, the reader under tribute, or rather thoroughly is presented with every requisite ransacked, to furnish the necessary information respecting the ancient stores. The copious extracts with and modern state of Palestine, which the work abounds, from the Asia Minor, Syria, and Arabia, accounts of almost every traveller together with the manners and in the several countries which have customs of the inhabitants, natu. come under observation, are inter- ral productions, and topography, woven with passages of original These parts must be especially matter, which link the several useful to every biblical student, parts together, supply information (illustrative, as they often are, of where the original works are de- facts and customs mentioned in ficient, and, which is the principal the sacred writings,) by whom thing, condense what would other- they ought to be generally poswise ramble over many a weari. sessed. We hope that the work some page. In respect to the re- will obtain that popularity which sources from which our Traveller its merits certainly deserve. It is has borrowed, they have been furnished with neat maps of the none but the most authentic ; and several countries treated of; and where it has happened that the its typographical excellencies are statements of travellers, who may well worthy of the whole. It is have equal claims to confidence, exceedingly cheap, being only have chanced to disagree, no pains half-a-crown a number, each of have been here spared to reconcile which contains a hundred and their differences, and, like the eighty pages.
THE CAUSE AND REMEDY FOR NA- feeling of its esteemed author. It is TIONAL DISTRESS : a Sermon preached founded on Numb. xvi. 46-- 48, from at Percy Chapel, Fitzroy Square, on which the preacher deduces, I. The Sunday, May 28, 1826, in aid of the State of our country, there is wrath Fund for the distressed Manufacturers. gone out,” &c. II. The Christian's By the Rev. J. H. Stewart, A. M. Mi- duty, “Run into the midst,” &c. Under nister of thut Chapel. pp.32. Seeley. 1s.6d. the first division, our pride, our covet-If we are to judge by the liberal col- ousness, and our profanity as a people lection which followed the delivery of are very faithfully condemned. The this Sermon, it must be classed amongst profanation of the Sabbath is princithe most effective which have been pally discussed; but, alas, there are other preached on behalf of our distressed instances of profanity which Mr. S. has manufacturers. Though stripped of the overlooked. We feel that the prostiadvantages which, of course, the living tution of the Lord's Supper, as a inere voice gave, yet it comes from the press qualification for office, and of oaths for a faithful and impressive sermon, cha- the paltriest purposes of revenue, are racterized by the good sense and pious amongst the first of our national offences,