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body that lives, moves, and has its being by a fire in the streets, on which I saw in a lie.
much good and valuable furniture heaped They have some singular observances and consumed. The by-standers told me, here with regard to death. The dead per-' it was the household furniture of a man son is carried open on a bier to the church, who had died of consumption. This is the dressed up in his robes of life, his face custom of the place. Should they burn painted, and on some occasions, a bunch the goods of every one who dies of conof flowers in his hand; when it is neces- sumption in England and Scotland, it sary to bury the body immediately, ą wax would bring something into the pockets of representation is substituted instead of the the upholsterers. real person, but it is made so like death, that all the people seem willingly to deceive themselves into the belief, that it is so. Over this wax image the funeral service LETTER OF THE KING OF PRUSSIA TO is performed, though the body inay have THE DUCHESS OF ANHALT COETHEN, been buried some days before. In cases ON HER CHANGE OF RELIGION. of royal and elevated personages, the A letter, written by the King of Prussia empty carriage of the deceased goes to the to the Duchess of Anhalt Coethen, on her church, to inquire whether the person has
renouncing the Protestant and embracing any more need of it-and a formal mes- the Catholic religion, has for some time sage is brought by the priest in attendance
been a subject of general interest in the to the coachman, to say, that he may go North of Germany, and its publication home, as his master chuses to remain in
has been looked forward to with much the church. In families of middle life, anxiety by the public. An attempt was when a person is declared beyond hope,
made to gratify this desire, by the iriser.
tion of an extract in a work entitled, as soon as death takes place, they all quit
" Wherefore do we call ourselves Protesthe house. The body is carried off by
tants ? by Julius Frey.”
This extract, strangers in masks to the church, and then
which was very incorrect, appeared to have to the out-skirts of the town, when it is
been drawn up from the imperfect recol
lections of some person who had perused the Campo Santo.
his Prussian Majesty's letter, or a copy of I understand there are two young Gene
it; and on account of its inaccuracy, it vese clergymen here, and I am endeavour
was publicly disavowed. In the meantime ing to get acquainted with them. By a Pin
Professor Krug, of Leipsic, obtained a letter from Rome, which was intended
genuine transcript of the original royal to introduce them, I learn, it is their
cpistle, which he printed and circulated, wish to try at something like religious in
and of which we give a translation. The struction in this place ; but how, and in Duchess of Anhalt Coethen, to whom the what way they propose giving it, I am at letter is addressed, is a natural daughter of a loss to conceive. When knavery and Frederick William II. by the Countess of credulity divide the sway, and when it is Ingerheim ; and her apostasy appears to the interest of the governors to rivet, have been the more regretted by the prerather then to unloose the fetters that
sent King, from an apprehension that the bind human intellect, where shall an
relationship of the Duchess to him would inch of ground be found for truth and
give countenance to a suspicion which had honesty to take its stand upon. The Ca
existed of his being favourably disposed tholics are certainly most wise in so en
towards popery. White, however, it is satirely shutting out the Bible from the
tisfactory to observe so much zeal for the people, and they do it in a most ingenious
nous Protestant faith displayed by so powerful and effectual way. They publish a book,
k; a personage as the King of Prussia, it which may be found on every stall, called
ought not to be forgotten, that in his a History of the Bible, which satisfies the
dominions Catholics are not excluded curiosity of the people on the events of
from official situations, and that no dan
for Christianity, and prevents their inquir
ger to the state is apprehended from their ing farther. If you inquire for the Bible
adınissibility to the highest public trusts. in the shops, this book is put into your
The following is the letter in question :hand, so that, like Macbeth's counsellors, 6 they keep their promises to your ears,
" Berlin, 1826. and break them to your hopes." This is the soundest of policy. Every book is “I cannot descrihe to you the very strictly prohibited that would have a astounding and painful impression that chance of opening the people's eyes; and your letter, contirming the previously cirthe newspapers are allowed to say nothing culated report (which I regarded as a fable) but the common-places of the theatre and of you, and the Duke having become conthe court.
verts to the Catholic religion, has made My curiosity was excited the other day, and indelibly fixed upon me. For who in
this world could ever have anticipated for this purpose I applied myself assisuch a thing ? Speaking according to the duously to the Bible, and sought therein sincere feeling and conviction of my heart, the doctrines taught by Christ and his and in compliance with the duty which Apostles. This investigation led me to conscience dictates, I must plainly tell quite the contrary conclusion to that at you, that in my judgment a more unfor which you have arrived; for since then I tunate and sinful resolution could not have been more satisfied in my mind, and have been adopted tban that you have just more than ever penetrated with the truth carried into effect. Had you confided to of the old evangelic system, as estame, when I was in Paris, the slightest hint blished by the Reformation and Luther, of your intention, I should, in the most and by contemporaneous, or at least reearnest and solemn manner, have conjured cently posterior systematic writings, in paryou, by every tliing you hold most sacred, ticular the Augsburgh Confession, which, to abandon a desigo, the execution of next to the Holy Scriptures, forms, the which tends to place me personally in a foundation of the Evangelical Creed. This very disagreeable situation. For even I most strictly corresponds with the religion (wherefore I know not have been sus. of Jesus Christ, as delivered to us by the pected of an inclination to Catholicism; Apostles themselves, and by the Fathers though, on the contrary, I have always of the Church in the first ages of Chrishad, and must ever retain, an unfavour- tianity, before a popedom existed. It was able opinion of that church, on account of far from the intention of Luther to found the multitude of her anti-scriptural doc- 4 new religion. His only object was to trines. It is now, however, highly pro- purify the faith from the base allov and bable that this notion respecting me will be dross which had been introduced into it revived, and that it will be believed that by popery, and which had accumulated to I was aware of the whole affair, and had such an extent, that more value was placed an understanding with you in it.
on this impure mass than on the genuine “ But how could you preserve so com doctrine, which lay buried and almost anplete a silence on this transaction, espe- nihilated under it. I did not hesitate to cially when, in your letter, you lhus ex examine Catholie Missals and Catholic press yourself respecting me - That per Catechisms, which I not only perused, son for whom I have ever been accus- but studied. Against these I placed the tomed to experience in my heart the old Evangelical Liturgies and service books united feeling of filial and fraternal love ?" of the first half of the 16th century (that Now, can any one believe that a father, is, of the time of the Reformation), com, or a brother, would, as a matter of course, pared them with each other, and thus approve of his daughter or sister becoming again recognized the perfect accordance of a Catholic--that is to say, taking the most the evangelical doctrines with the religion momentous step a huinan being can take, of Christ, and, on the contrary, the dewithout any previous consultation with cided departure therefrom of the Catholic him ? Certainly not! Yet you would doctrines in many cardinal points. Neverappear to have acted on this supposition, theless, there is much valuable matter in and why? Because you had reason to the Catholic inissals ; but every thing expect on my part a prohibition against good in them, Luther, or the authors of the awful and dangerous proceeding on the Evangelic Liturgies, who laboured in which you were resolved. You have, how. his name, acknowledged and retained. ever, accomplished your purpose-you Since then, however, the men of modern have rashly bounded over the immense theories have ventured to undervalue all chasm which separates the two religions this, and to treat the question as insigniyou have renounced the faith of your rela ficant. But the pure evangelic doctrine tions, the faith in which you were born, still remains untouched, and may easily nursed, and educated. May God be mer be found by those who do not begrudge ciful to you!
the labour of seeking for it; as, in fine, " For my own part, I can only, from bas lately been done, the investigation the bottom of my heart, lament and de- having given birth to a renovation of the plore the gross error, the delusion into ancient Evangelic Prayer Book, of which, which you have fallen. Assuredly, 0, in its details, you probably know as little most assuredly, you would have been safe as you do of the old Liturgies of the time from all risk of committing this dreadful of the Reformation, the Augsburgh Conact, had you, instead of giving your mind fession, and other writings of the saine to the polemical writings of either Protes- kind.
tention your Bible, and in particular the rude and unkind to you. It is probable, New Testament. This is what I have also, that it is not what you expected; for, done ; for at a period of controversy some according to what you state in your letter, years ago I endeavoured to make myself you were confident that I could not in intimately acquainted with the peculiar my heart blame your conduct, as what grounds on which both religions rest, and you had done was the result of mature · 1000
consideration. But, be this as it may, I shewed to him and his family the
been actually banished. , . 500 or Every where this affair excites extra- March 20. No.5.--An oecasional ordinary interest, and is rigidly canvassed, preacher, banished for ten years from although as yet the absolute certainty of Neufchâtel, for baving held a relithe fact is not generally known. Do not, gious meeting at his house, in which therefore, allow yourself to be deceived the Lord's Supper was administered respecting the friendly reception, which, by an ordained minister. This was as you say, you in some measure expe- by the operation of a very old law, rienced on your return at Coethen, and revived for the occasion. . . 250 which, as we afterwards learned, was April 5. No. 6.--A lady, banished marked by a most unpropitious event.* for attending and promoting religious The honest, worthy people of Anhalt can meetings. . . . . .
100 not fail to disapprove, as indeed they April 13. No. 7.--A minister, or ought, the step which their Princess has probably a private person, (as our taken; and what is more, it will mortify letters merely give his name,) rethem severely, though like faithful vassals commended by strictly faithful and they may not give to the vexation they judicious friends at Geneva, and apfeel an expression sufficiently audible to proved by the Paris Committee. . reach your ears.
April 14. No.8.-In the same cir. “ I cannot close my letter without ex, cumstances. . . . . . pressing my sincere regret that I should April 26. No 9.--A young minibe placed in the painful situation of saying ster, banished for eighteen months, so many unpleasant things to you. At the besides a forfeiture of 54 louis. . same time I must add the request, that
May 3. No. 10.-Another young you will communicate this letter to the minister, banished for eighteen Duke, Ingerheim, and Brandenburgh, that months. . . . . . 500 they may know my sentiments on this No. 11.--A tradesman and secresubject.
tary of a commune, banished for two
office, and his business greatly in-
Placed at the disposal of a well
qualified minister in Switzerland, for MINISTERS.
distribution among a number of Account of the Distribution of the Sums col pious and poor persons in the Can
lected by the beneficence of British Chris. ton of Vaud, who have suffered in tians, for their Brethren of the Canton of various ways very severely. . . 500 Vaud, suffering i: the cause of Truth and Placed, for the same discretionary Religious Liberty.
application in the Canton of Vaud,
French Francs. in the hands of two gentlemen at 1825, Nov. 23. No. 2.-See Con Geneva, men of business. . . 250 gregational Magazine, p. 51, of this volume.
OPENING OF THE NEW CHURCH AT , No. 3,--P. 52, ib.
HAMBURG. 1826, Jan. 4.--To Madame Juvet,
On Sunday, July 16, 1826, the English the widow of (No. 1, p. 51.) M. reformed church in Humburg, was opened Henri Juvet, with two young chil.
for divine service. On the long-expected dren. This excellent man died of a occasion, the Rev. Dr. Raffles preached to consumption, apparently brought on large congregations in the morning and by the barbarous treatment which he evening, and owing to the Rev. Mr. endured from his persecutors. See
Waterhouse, of Dewsbury, being by dop. 108 of this vol. The Protestant mestic afflictions prevented from taking ministers and others at Nismes, the part he had engaged, Mr. Matthews
preached in the afternoon. A dedicatory
address was delivered in the morning by * This is an allusion to the breaking Dr. Raffles, previously to his sermon, down of the iron-bridge by which a great which was founded on Ps. xlii. 4. The number of the inhabitants lost their lives. discourse in the afternoon was from
1 Chron, xvi. 29; in the evening from comparatively few can read; and many of 1 Tim. i. 11. There were present a de- whom reside twenty, or even thirty or forty putation froin the Senate, other public miles distant from their parish churches; officers of the State, some of the City while, in the most destitute districts, there clergymen, as well as a considerable num- are no dissenting places of worship of any ber of British and other seamen in the denomination. Add to all this, the anxiety gallery, which contains 150 seats, and is of the people to hear the Gospel. One of set apart for their accommodation per- our brethren who spent some months last manently. After the services, collections summer in one of the Western Isles, says, were made to the amount of £85. Under “I never witnessed such eagerness to hear the same roof with the chapel, is built a the Gospel as was manifested by the people house for the minister ; the ground was there, some of whom travelled thirty miles generously granted by the Senate of Ham to enjoy the preaching of the word on the burg. The Directors take this public op- Sabbath. I saw on one occasion above portunity of returning their most sincere 500 hearers sitting for nearly three hours and affectionate thanks to their many upon the rocks by the sea-side, under a friends of various denominations of Chris. heavy fall of rain, without the least tians in England and Scotland, for their symptoms of weariness. On the Sabbath, liberal assistance to the building of this when we were at S ,1,400 people ashouse of God.
sembled by eleven o'clock on the preach
ing green : from three to four hundred of PROCEEDINGS OF THE CONGREGATIONAL
them, who had come from a considerable UNION OF SCOTLAND.
distance, kept their place on the green, We have received the 14th Report of this from that hour till eight o'clock at night, very interesting Society, from which it ap- that they might hear all the three serpears they have been enabled to assist twenty mons: they never left the place during poor churches with grants of sums from the intervals, but kept together reading £5. to £21. each- to aid fifteen pastors (such as could read) or conversing on and preachers in propagating the Gospel in what they had heard."" the Gaelic tongue-to maintain missions to the Orkney and Shetland Isles, besides ACADEMY AT IDLE, YORKSHIRE, several extensive itinerances in other desti This Seminary, which has lately re. tute parts of Scotland.
ceived the designation of " Airedale IndeWe regret we cannot present our readers pendent College," continues to rise in with extensive quotations. The following importance and usefulness, and to be disextract cannot fail to interest.
tinguisbed by its increasing prosperity. " It has frequently been remarked, that The annual examination, which generally if the Gospel is to be published in the in prospect appears so formidable to the Highlands, such as publish it must be youthful inmates of our literary and theosupported by those in the Lowlands who logical establishments, took place at the know its value. For such is the want of Academy House, on Tuesday, June 20th. circulation of money among them, such. The students read, the real poverty of many, and such the
In Latin, a passage of Cæsar, Sallust's scattered state of the Gaelic population,
relic population, Description of Ancient Rome, Cicero's that they can do, or will do next to nothing in the way of contributing for re
Statement of the Doctrines of the Stoics,
in his Oration for Murena, and part of his ligious purposes. Certainly, with regard Oration for Archias : Virgil's Account of to many, they are absolutely without the
the Death of Priam, and his Delineation power. One of our brethren, in giving
og of the System of Nature, Ænied, Lib. 6; some account of an island where he had
an Ode of Horace; a Specch of Hanno's been preaching last summer, and the utter
to the Carthagenian Senate, Livy, Lib. 21; inability of the people even to purchase the Scriptures, says— There are hun
and part of Juvenal's 13th Satire. dreds of people in this island who have
In Greek, one of Lucian's Dialogues ; not a bed to lie upon, but lean upon a two passages in the First Book of Xenostone or a turf in their clothes by the fire phon's Cyropedia, Homer's Iliad. Lib. I. all night.' But our countrymen in these
304–350, and Lib. 3, 161--221; and the quarters, however poor, have immortal
tal Description of the Ancient Greeks given souls, and are in guilt and exposed to
ult' and exposed to by Thucydides, in the Introduction of his condemnation. How appalling then the History: * thought of their dying without a know. In Hebrew, Gen. chap. ix. ; Exod. chap. ledge of salvation ! Nor would it be easy xi.; Isa. chap. xl. ; and in Chuldee, part to fix on a sphere of labour more encou- of the 2d chapter of Daniel. raging, as well as more necessitous, than The talents which they discovered in the that of the Gaelic population of Scotland, course of their examination, gave promise comprising the number of about 400,000; of future distinction in the stations they respecting whom it has been often stated, may be called to occupy in after life. Through the past year, the usual attention At this place, Mr. Sharp, to the spiritual has been paid to Philology, Belles Lettres, advantage of many, spent the whole of his the composition of sermons, and other ministry, extending over nearly half a academical studies.
century, and when the failure of his The next day after the examination, the strength began to incapacitate him for the friends of the Institution assembled in the discharge of his ministerial duties, he re. adjoining chapel ; but it being the day ap- signed his charge. The place of worship pointed for the election of four Members had been erected in the year 1710, and of Parliament for Yorkshire, the numbers was not in a dilapidated state, but when were not so great as on former Anniver the people chose a new minister, they resaries. Mr. Scott having prayed, four of solved to have also a new chapel, and for the students delivered Essays. Mr. Red- this purpose subscribed amon; themselves mayne, on Human Depravity; Mr. Arm- £1800. The old structure was then taken strong, on the Condescension of Christ; down, and a building of a modern con. Mr. Massey, on the Practical Influence of struction commenced, which is not yet Christianity; and Mr. Hunter, on the completed. Here the prospect of useful
Mysteries of Providence. When these ness is cheering; the fields seem white · Essays were concluded, Mr. Hudswell unto harvest.
gave the students in any important instruc- March 29th, the settlement of the tions for the regulation of their studies, Rev. David Dunkerley, over the church and the direction of their conduct in future and congregation assembling in Ebenezer years. J. Holland, Esq. was then requested Chapel, Macclesfield, was publicly recogto preside; the report was read by the nized. The Rev. G. Ryan, of Stockport, Tutor, and the business of the Academy opened the service with reading the Scripwas introduced ; the discussions on which tures and prayer; the Rev. J. Pridie, of were in no ordinary degree gratifying to the Manchester, delivered the introductory audience. In the evening, Mr. Sutcliffe, discourse, and received the answers of the of Ashton-under-Lyne, concluded the An church and pastor to the usual questions ; niversary with a judicious discourse. the Rev. W. Silvester, of Sandbach, im.
The scale of this Institution has lately plored the divine blessing on the union; been 'enlarged, and the number of students the Rev. J. Adamson, of Charlesworth, increased ; there are at present eighteen. gave the charge; and the Rev. Job Wilson, This augmentation the exigencies of neigh- of Northwich, preached in the evening. bouring congregations imperiously re. The devotional parts were conducted by quired. Within the distance of twenty other ministers, and the whole of the sermiles from the Academy, there are at this vices were well attended. The Rev, J. time fourteen congregations in want of Pridie preached on the preceding evening. Ministers. Not long ago an unknown April 25th, the Rev. John Harris, benefactor transmitted £50. to the Tutor, from Hoxton Academy, was ordained to towards defraying the expenses of the en the pastoral office over a congregation at largement, the receipt of wbich cannot Epsom, in Surry. Dr. Harris, his theobe acknowledged through any private logical tutor, gave a scriptural view of medium.
the formation of a church, and asked the
questions. Mr. Henry, of Tooting, offerORDINATIONS AND SETTLEMENTS. .
ed the ordination prayer. Mr. Morison, March 15, the Rev. W. Vint, jun. from of Brompton, gave the charge. Dr. Philip, the Academy at Idle, was solemnly set apart from the Cape of Good Hope, addressed to the pastoral care of the Independent the congregation. Mr. Forster, of Black, church at St. Helen's, Lancashire. After Mr. burn, Mr, Maulden, of Chichester, and Fox, of Bolton, had read select portions Mr. Woods, of Nuneaton, (who were of Scripture, and prayed for the blessing Mr. Harris's fellow-students,) gave out of heaven on the services and engage- the hymns, ments of the day, Dr. Raffles fully The Dissenting interest at this place stated the principles of dissent, and was in existence at the Revolution, in proposed the usual questions ; Mr. J. 1688; and the Rer. B. Rowe was the Toothill, of Rainford, Offered up the ordi- minister about that time. The Rev. Thonation prayer; Mr. Vint, the father and mas Valentine came in 1700, and officitutor of the young minister, gave him a ated for fifty-six years, when many recharge ; and Mr. Charrier, then apparently spectable families attended. Three minisin the full enjoyment of health, but in a ters succeeded him, but their names are few days after consigned to the silent not recorded ; and, at length, from causes grave, delivered a faithful discourse, en too remote to be traced, the interest beforcing with earnestness and particularity came extinct. A gentleman, wbo lived the duties incumbent on the church and near, and supposed to be one of the latest congregation, arising from the connection attendants, took possession of the chapel, they had forined and ratified. Mr. Sharp, and occupied it, for a length of time, as a the former minister, concluded with prayer. depot for the produce of his grounds. At