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can't, indeed.” “Why, my Lord, was rational) sought for deliverthe Apostle speaks the same lan- ance from it; and before I was guage; the eyes of your understand- thus converted, if I am converted, ing being enlightened, is the very I yielded to every temptation that expression."-Abp.“ This is a de- came in my way with suitableness tached sentence, Sir; what was and opportunity : but ever since the occasion of the Epistle, and I have been uniformly endeavourto whom it was written, should be ing at least to be pious; and that considered. It belongs to Gentiles wherever I have been since, I converted from idolatrous igno- have left behind me at least a rance to the light of Christianity, spotless moral character.—" Ay, and not to persons already made Sir," said the Archbishop, “ you Christians.” “ My Lord, I hum. are weakly and tender-nerved, bly apprehend the state of Gentiles easily impressed: this may acand Christians to be the same by count for your imaginary convernature, both alike ignorant of God sion by terror to piety; though I as to any saving purpose, and do believe you are a well-disposed alike enemies to God: as it is youth, yet mistaken. Indeed, rewritten, the carnal mind--of Jew specting the influences of the or Gentile, it matters not—the Holy Spirit, I believe myself carnal mind, in abstract, is enmity nemo vir magnus sine lumine: but against God.”—Abp. “ See there, then God's grace is given to all.” now; there is another detached " True, my Lord, common resentence; and to prove things by straining grace is, but not superdetached sentences is equal to natural grace, making all that have finding one word here and another it good and holy and wise to salvathere in a book, and so forming tion.”—Abp.“ Why, Sir, it is said a sentence to our purpose. Pray, God giveth his Holy Spirit to Sir, who was the Apostle writing them that ask him." « Yes, my to ?”. “ To the believing converts Lord, to them that ask him; but I at Rome, my Lord ?” “ And believe none do ask, but who are what was his design?” said the taught to ask by the Holy Spirit.” Archbishop ; “ look into the first - Abp. “ What, Sir, you think I of Romans; read what he says suppose as Lord Herbert of Cherupon natural conscience accusing bury did, who could not publish or excusing them, and by dis- his book without a manifestation obedience to which they became from the Holy Spirit.” “ No, my guilty.” “ True, my Lord, both Lord; there is such a thing as Jews and Gentiles are here proved enthusiasm rightly so called, his guilty; and this being done, the own natural faculties might have Apostle proceeds to show them informed him whether the book God's method of salvation, leaving was likely to do good.”—The his Epistle as a standing rule of Archbishop went on, and said, faith and practice to all Christians there had been such enthusiasts throughout the world for ever.” as I was from Montanus's time Here we debated on the subject down to the present day! How of natural conscience, while I did they act in our country! The argued in defence of the Spirit's meek, said they, are to inherit the operations and light; adding with- earth: now are we the meek ; al, that my opinion concerning the therefore we'll knock you all on the operations was not such as agreed head, “Oh! my Lord, this conwith real enthusiasm, but could be duct I utterly disapprove; and explained on the principles of rea- whatever offers itself as a dictate son: for I saw the judgment of from God, not conformable to reaGod due to my sins, and (what son, ought to be rejected, in my opinion; because this would be to at all. For our Saviour says, make God contradict himself, in on these two commandments hang telling us one thing by that dice all the law and the prophets, viz. tate, and the contrary by reason, love to God and to man. And which is his gift and dictate also.” to this agrees the first prayer in - Here the chaplain interposed the Communion Service, next the “ My Lord, you should consider Lord's Prayer.”-“ I know what how many there are already of you mean,” replied his Lordship, this stamp, in the western part“ in that prayer; but for my part of your diocese in particular." I can't understand any higher obèAbp. “ Sir, let me ask you a dience than that of doing God's question. Take one of my ser- commandments: though this is vants, the postillion, for instance; just the way some French writers let him do his duty to God, to me, talk about the love of God being to his family, and the like; what! the only principle of obedience; would you go and say to such an Madam Bourignon, and the rest." one, that he has not the Holy " Why, my Lord, it is the prinSpirit, and therefore it is all of no ciple alone that constitutes moral purpose ?” “ No, my Lord; I actions good or bad. Two men would ask him from what prin- (suppose) each drop a shilling ciple he did these things ; if from into a poor person's hand : the a right principle, I would say he one does it from a principle of had the Holy Spirit.”-“ And true pity and affection to his felsuppose he had not the Holy low-creature in distress, and the Spirit, what would you go and other”— “Ay, I know what you tell him ?”. “ My Lord, I would mean, from a principle of ostentatell him to wait upon the Lord tion," says the Archbishop. “Yes, till he had the Holy Spirit.”- my Lord, and the difference of " Ay, wait upon the Lord! this principle makes the same physical is one of your cant phrases. But action in both to be a virtue in one upon what principle would you and a vice in the other. And inhave him work? Is not a soldier deed, my Lord, this is the strain doing his duty in mounting a of our Church Articles. Oh! my breach ? and the mechanic serving Lord, (opening the Book of ComGod at his business ?” “ My mon Prayer on the thirteenth Lord, they may, and they may article, as it lay on the table,) not, I apprehend; for persons here is the very thing I have been may be sober, honest, and steady, saying, in the very words: - Works in performing all the externals of done without the grace of Christ, duty, from a principle of con-' and before the inspiration of the venience or necessity. For instance, Holy Spirit, have in them the nano one will deal with him who is ture of sin. This relates exactly not honest: and something similar to what we have been discussing may be said of all the rest. Thus in the supposed case of your it suits men to be virtuous.”- Lordship's postillion; to whom I " Well, Sir," said his Lordship, would only say, Sir, you have “ for my part I can conceive no works! Now, mark ! if those one acting upon a higher prin- works are done before the grace ciple than because God has com- of Christ and the inspiration of the manded any thing.” “ But, my Holy Spirit, they have in them Lord, there are so many lurking the nature of sin. This is all, my bye-ends that induce us to action, Lord, I would say to your serthat if pure love and affection to vant.”-Abp. “ Well, Sir, I know God be not in our obedience, and plainly the whole system you the spring of it, it is no obedience embrace, full of things which I can't understand." “ My Lord, any parish of the diocese, they if you do not understand, it is would be found the most pious perhaps because I don't speak and godly people there."-" That clearly; but if I do not, my whole I deny," said his Grace, with an meaning lies in the Articles.”— emphasis truly logical. His Grace Abp. 66 But you do not take the also objected to these serious men Articles in their true sense.” “My in neglecting their business to run Lord, the Act of Parliament prea after preaching; to which I anfixed to them directs us to under- swered, that this was not acting stand them in the plain, literal, in a manner necessary to their opigrammaticul sense."--" Ay, the nions, but contradictory to them, Act of Parliament, the Act of for which they were reprehensible; Parliament; I don't care for the and as far as they are under the Act of Parliament. I appeal to influence of their religious printhe Scriptures." “ So do I, my ciples, they will mind their secular Lord." -"But your Scriptures are business from considerations of detached sentences.” “My Lord, duty. Finding his Grace still indeed, upon examination, my averse to ordaining me, at length sentiments will be found to accord I laid one hand on the Prayerwith the tenor of Scripture.”- Book, and raised the other diAbp. “ Sir, you should study the rectly before his Lordship, with attributes of God and the nature this application : " My Lord, I of man, and then you will judge now formally and solemnly reotherwise." " My Lord, it might quest your Lordship, as the head be proved that these things agree and guardian of a church of which to both."-" That I deny," an, these are articles of faith, to admit swered his Grace. “ Bit pray, me a minister of that church, upon Sir, how is a man to be saved? by believing them.” -- Abp.“ Oh! no! doing as much as he can, and no! no! Sir; that's rather too trusting to the merits of Christ for much; that's telling me my duty. the rest ?!” “No, my Lord; I Sir, you know Mr. Hill of Camapprehend man's imperfect obe- bridge, don't you ?” “ Yes, my dience has no hand in his salva- Lord.”-“ And used to attend his tion, and that according to such conventicles ?" “ Not as convena scheme no one would be saved, ticles, my Lord.”—“For what purbecause no one does as well as pose then ?” “ My Lord, I used he can; but the righteousness of to go to hear him speak."Christ imputed to me, and appre- Abp.“ Ay, go to hear him speak! hended by faith, is, in my opinion, that's one of your cant phrases." the, alone cause of our justifica- 6. But, my Lord, even in this L tion.”_" Stop, Sir; gently over regarded the censure of my supe the stones. The righteousness of riors, and was not prevented going Christ imputed to a man! only under restrictions."-Abp. “ But think a moment where that tends: why did you go at all?" "Bethen I shall want no righteousnesscause I found instruction from it, of my own.” “Oh! my Lord, my Lord, and benefit to my mind." this is the perversion, not the ten- Abp. “ Why, Sir, Mr. Hill was dency of the doctrine : the faith here on your errand, and was rethat apprehends it is nothing at fused. He told me, indeed, that all but a delusion, if it produce if he might not preach with my. not good works. But would your authority, in conscience he might Lordship only take the pains to preach without it; but I could inquire concerning the persons not help that.” , “ My Lord, I do who entertain this doctrine of not approve his conduct, nor think Christ's imputed righteousness, in it such as I. ought to have imi
tated."--Abp.“ Well, Sir, I can pears to me right, makes the consay nothing to you; there is Mr. trary appear wrong to me; nor Stillingfleet, to whom you was can I act but by what I think to going; he is, I believe, a good be right.” man, but, in my opinion, mistaken In the course of this interview, as well as you. But, for my part, his Lordship told me he was sorry I confess I cannot understand the trouble of coming down into what you mean; and that's a ma- Yorkshire was given me, and had terial thing to me, respecting your he known any thing of me by a business : for, as I may presume letter lately sent him, sooner than · to suppose myself a man of com- three days ago, my journey should mon, plain understanding, and yet have been wholly prevented. Here, cannot comprehend you, I may it is plain, my irregularity in surely conclude the people to preaching (which was recanted in whom you will minister would form at college, and desisted from not understand you; so that I about four years since) was uncannot in conscience ordain you. known to his Lordship, and not Besides, these errors you embrace, contained in the le:ter: for, withI consider not as indifferent, but out doubt, had it been contained as fundamental errors ; indeed, there, preaching in my own perSir, I do; and I cannot permit son, more than attending Mr. Hill you to broach them in my dio- in his preachings, would have been cese, by my authority. Go home, laid to my charge. But of this, Sir, it may be for you are young not a syllable fell from his Lordyet-that, in the revolution of ship. One thing more I have to your ideas, things may appear to add, that when the Archbishop you very differently from what alleged my bringing detached senthey do now. Think more of the tences to prove my opinions, itt attributes of God and the moral was answered, (besides what was constitution of man. I do not mentioned before,) that these very therefore refuse, I only postpone texts I had read even so very late your ordination. Come to me with as that day in coming over the different sentiments, and you may fields to Brodsworth, in Welchexpect favour.” “ My Lord, if man, upon the thirty-nine articles, this be your real reason and opi- who was no Methodist, but cites nion, I cannot expect you should these very passages as the great ordain me to broach fundamental proof of our articles. errors; it would be a violation of Musing, on my return home to your Lordship’s conscience to do the Hampall Inn, concerning what it.”-“. Indeed, Sir,” (said the had passed, one thing afflicted Archbishop,) I esteem them such; me; the concession which I made I had much rather do it than de to his Lordship, that I could not cline it. You know not how un. expect him to ordain me, if he happy it makes me to send you really thought my principles fun-> away; but I must do so.” (This damentally erroneous, though yet. scene. was most affecting.) The this concession could not affect Archbishop proceeded : " God my fate, which was already deterforbid that I should harm any one mined. Nothing, therefore, re-! because he does not think as I do, mained but a letter to remedy this Sir; such is the frailty of human slip, and at the same time to hint nature, God only knows, you to his Lordship, how, if he pleased, may be right, and I in the wrong; ordination might be given as a though at these years, and after right which he only distributed, all my reading and experience, I and as a claim which he might can hardly think it: and what ap- fulfil, though reluctantly and with
some wish to the contrary. Accord- of Chancery, that extravagance ingly, the following short epistle, and profligacy would follow in which observes, I hope, as it was making an equitable decree in fadesigned, all due modesty and dis- vour of an appellant, should intance, was sent the next day by a duce that court to make an inmessenger to his Grace. The an- equitable decree. Would your swer given was, that the Arch- Lordship do me the high honour bishop had told me his sentiments and favour of weighing this arguthe preceding day, and saw no ment, and not consider it as imreason to alter them.
modest, but only as an opportunity
offered of showing me that pity 66 My Lord, Hampall Inn, Yorkshire. which my expenses, distresses,
“ It would be an addition to my and character invoke, so as to present uneasiness to have this admit me into deacon's orders, a paper considered as deficient in probationer only for those of a that humility and deference which priest, I should for ever be, my are due to your Lordship’s high Lord, your Lordship’s most obeoffice and dignity. Such a sur- dient and dutiful servant, mise can never be just, while I
- T. P.” possess the sense of your Lordship’s tenderness, which was in. Upon this conference I would spired by that affecting scene of propose an essential question : conscience, struggling with com- Whether the Bishops are thus to passion, which I yesterday beheld be sole judges of truth and error ? at Brodsworth. Not without hope, If they are not, I am an injured however, that the former may yet man. If they are supposed such, embrace the latter, I here cast at I would beg leave to enter the folyour Lordship's feet the following lowing caveat :-That the judgargument, which I could not have ment of Bishops must be predelivered so clearly in person, as carious; the result of reading will I trust it now lies in writing. If be different, according to their the Church of England gives a different strength of reasoning faright to any one of admission into culties, and the degree in which her holy orders on producing the those faculties are used: it will be appointed testimonials of age, different according as they read learning, and morality, and withal more or less, or according to the on subscribing the plain, literal, particular sort of books they read, grammatical sense of the Articles, and their own particular turn of I am entitled to such an admis- mind. It will also be different sion; and if these Articles do not according to their various preponmake a sufficient provision against derations and prejudices acquired fundamental errors, the fault lies in their particular forms and places in the constitution of our church, of education. Or the judgment and not in an administration agree- of Bishops may be diversified acable to that constitution of our cording to their various interests, church: so that whatever objec. and the complexion of the times in tions may be conceived against which they live. In short, it may be my opinions, I may still claim a as different in many men, or even right which these opinions do not in the same man, as the number and destroy. And the fears that may kind of connexions into which each arise from the supposed bad effects may fall, which is infinite. , Aud consequent on granting me that if so, what is national, establishright, should not more exclude me ed, endowed orthodoxy? The from obtaining it, than even rea- thirty-nine articles, which have sonable apprehensions in a Court been erected into a criterion of