« AnteriorContinuar »
of laughter, vi. 536; the argument of the play, vii. 157; Have you heard the argument? vii. 159; the argument of your praise, vii. 255. Ariachne, vi. 88: see note 154, vi. 126.
arm, to take in one's arms: come, arm him, vii. 707 ; Arm your prize, viii. 206 (where Mason explains arm “take by the arm”). arm-gaunt, vii. 512: see note 36, vii. 603.
aroint thee, witch! vii. 8; aroint thee, witch, aroint thee! vii. 302: That Aroint thee is equivalent to "Away!" "Begone!" seems to be agreed, though its etymology is quite uncertain : Rynt ye; By your leave, stand handsomely. As, Rynt you, Witch, quoth Besse Locket to her mother. Proverb, Cheshire." Ray's North Country Words, p. 52, ed. 1768: "The word [aroint] is still in common use in Cheshire; and what is remarkable is, that, according to Ray, it is still coupled with a witch, as 'rynt you, witch, quoth Besse Locket to her mother,' which is given as a Cheshire proverb; but which, as the term sounded in my ears when I once heard it pronounced, I should not have hesitated to spell aroint. I have also seen it spelled, and by a Cheshire man of good information, runt: nor is it at all unlikely that it is the same exclamation, which in Lancashire is pronounced and spelled areawt, as equivalent to get out or away with thee. But it is most common in the middle parts of Cheshire; and there used, chiefly by milkmaids, when milking. When a cow happens to stand improperly, in a dirty place, or with one of her sides so near a wall, a fence, a tree, or another cow, that the milker cannot readily come at the udder, or to her neck, to tie her up in her boose, or stall,-in such cases, the milkmaid, whilst she pushes the animal to a more convenient place, seldom fails to exclaim, 'Aroint thee, lovey (or bonny), aroint thee:' using a coarser and harsher epithet, should the cow not move at the first bidding.” Boucher's Glossary of Arch. and Prov. Words: "A lady well acquainted with the dialect of Cheshire informed me that it [Aroint] is still in use there. For example, if the cow presses too close to the maid who is milking her, she will give the animal a push, saying at the same time "Roint thee!' by which she means 'stand off. To this the cow is so well used, that even the word is often sufficient." Nares's Gloss.: “Rynt thee is an expression used by milkmaids to a cow when she has been milked, to bid her get out of the way. Ash calls it local." Wilbraham's Attempt at a Gloss. of some Words used in Cheshire: In Hearne's Ectypa Varia, &c., 1737, is a print representing the Saviour harrowing hell, in which Satan is blowing a horn, with the words "Out, out, arongť" over his head, perhaps to express the sounds of the horn. (Hunter, in his New Illustr. of Shakespeare, vol. ii. p. 166, has cited an example of "araunte thee" from a passage of a book about Perkin Warbeck, with which he became acquainted through the medium of The Monthly Mirror :
but undoubtedly no such book exists; the title and passage of it given in The M. M. are forgeries, and I should have said very clumsy ones, had they not deceived so experienced an antiquary as my old friend Joseph Hunter.)
a-row, successively, one after another, ii. 47. arras-counterpoints, counterpanes of arras, of tapestry, iii.
138: see note 78, iii. 190.
arrose, to water, to sprinkle (Fr. arroser), viii. 209.
art as you—I have as much of this in, vi. 672: "In art Malone interprets to mean 'in theory.' It rather signifies by acquired knowledge, or learning, as distinguished from natural disposition" (CRAIK).
Arthur's show: see Dagonet, &c.
article-A soul of great, vii. 203: Here Johnson would understand of great article to mean of large comprehension, of many contents;" while Caldecott explains it "of great account or value." articulate, to enter into articles: with whom we may articulate, vi.
articulate, to exhibit in articles: These things, indeed, you have
articulated, iv. 276.
artificial, ingenious, artful: like two artificial gods, ii. 297. Ascanius did, &c.—As, v. 155: see note 108, v. 215. Asher-house, my Lord of Winchester's, v. 538: "Shakespeare forgot that Wolsey was himself Bishop of Winchester, unless he meant to say, you must confine yourself to that house which you possess as Bishop of Winchester. Asher [the old form of Esher], near Hampton-Court, was one of the houses belonging to that bishoprick" (Malone): "Fox, Bishop of Winchester, died Sept. 14, 1528, and Wolsey held this see in commendam. Esher therefore was his own house" (REED).
askance their eyes, turn aside their eyes, viii. 305.
aspersion, a sprinkling, i. 218.
aspire, to aspire to, to mount to: That gallant spirit hath aspir'd the clouds, vi. 430.
a-squint-That eye that told you so look'd but, vii. 338: Ray gives "Love being jealous makes a good eye look asquint." Proverbs, p. 13, ed. 1768.
"as's" of great charge, vii. 201: Here, as Johnson was the first to observe, "a quibble is intended between as the conditional particle, and ass the beast of burden."
ass on thy back o'er the dirt-Thou borest thine, vii. 267: An allusion to Æsop's celebrated fable of the Old Man and his Ass.
assay of arms—! -To give th', "to attempt or assay anything in arms or by force" (SINGER), vii. 133.
assemblance, semblance, external aspect, iv. 361. assinego, a silly, a stupid fellow ("Asnico. A little ass." Con
nelly's Span. and Engl. Dict., Madrid, 4to), vi. 28. (This word is usually spelt by our early writers as in my text; but, since the old eds. of Shakespeare's play have "asinico," I now regret that I did not print "assinico," as a form nearer to the Spanish word). assistance, "assessors" (Johnson): affecting one sole throne, Without assistance, vi. 213.
associate me-One of our order, to, vi. 464: “ Each friar has always a companion assigned him by the superior when he asks leave to go out; and thus, says Baretti, they are a check upon each other" (STEEVENS).
assum'd this age—He it is that hath, vii. 730: assum'd, “I believe is the same as reached or attained" (STEEVENS) : Assum'd this age' has a reference to the different appearance which Belarius now makes in comparison with that when Cymbeline last saw him” (HENLEY).
assurance of a dower in marriage-To pass, iii. 159:
assurance means to make a conveyance or deed. Deeds are by law-writers called 'The common assurances of the realm,' because thereby each man's property is assured to him. So, in a subsequent scene of this act, they are busied about a counterfeit assurance' [iii. 167]" (MALONE).
assurance in that-Seek out, vii. 195: "A quibble is intended. Deeds, which are usually written on parchment, are called the common assurances of the kingdom" (MALONE).
assured, affianced, ii. 29; iv. 27.
Atalanta's better part, iii. 40: Here the meaning of better part (a
common enough expression, and used by Shakespeare in two other places—“ my better part of man,” Macbeth, act v. sc. 8—“My spirit is thine, the better part of me," Sonnet LXXIV.) has been much disputed: "Cannot Atalanta's better part mean her virtue or virgin chastity?. . . . Pliny's Natural History, b. xxxv. c. iii. mentions the portraits of Atalanta and Helen, utraque excellentissima forma, sed altera ut virgo; that is both of them for beauty incomparable, and yet a man may discerne the one [Atalanta] of them to be a maiden, for her modest and chaste countenance,' as Dr. P. Holland translated the passage" (TOLLET): “I suppose Atalanta's better part is her wit, i. e. the swiftness of her mind" (FARMER): “After all, I believe that 'Atalanta's better part' means only the best part about her, such as was most commended" (STEEVENS): “Atalanta's better part was not her modesty, nor her heels, nor her
wit, as critics have variously conjectured, but simply her spiritual part" (STAUNTON-in a note on Macbeth, act v. sc. 8): Mr. Grant White's explanation of the lady's better part I had rather refer to than quote.
at hand, quoth pickpurse, iv. 225: a proverbial expression. atomies, atoms, iii. 42, 51; vi. 402 (where the word is used to de
scribe the very diminutive steeds that draw Queen Mab's chariot). atomy (a corruption of anatomy), a skeleton, iv. 398. (So "ottamy." Craven Dialect.)
atone, to reconcile: Since we can not atone you, iv. 110; to atone your fears With my more noble meaning, vi. 575; I would do much T'atone them, vii. 442; the present need Speaks to atone you, vii. 518; I did atone my countryman and you, vii. 644.
atone, to agree, to unite: When earthy things made even atone together, iii. 74; He and Aufidius can no more atone, vi. 214. atonement, reconciliation, iv. 369; v. 364; atonements, i. 346 (Compare, in our authorised version of Scripture, "By whom we have now received the atonement (Tǹv Kataλλayýv),” Romans v. 11). attach, to lay hold of, to arrest, to seize: attach you by this officer, ii. 32; attach the hand of his fair mistress, ii. 207; desires you to attach his son, iii. 495; of capital treason I attach you both, iv. 372; attach Lord Montacute, v. 491; Attach thee as a traitorous innovator, vi. 184; attach'd with weariness, i. 214; weariness durst not have attached one, &c., iv. 334; My father was attached, v. 31; hath attach'd Our merchants' goods, v. 487; He is attach'd, v. 497; Troilus be but half attach'd, &c. vi. 88.
attachment, an arrest, a seizure, vi. 63.
attaint, taint, stain: brags of his own attaint, ii. 26; over-bears attaint, iv. 469; nor any man an attaint, vi. 10; poison thee with my attaint, viii. 318.
attaint, attainted: attaint with faults (a passage rejected from the text in the present ed.), ii. 259, note 180; My tender youth was never yet attaint, &c., v. 81.
attask'd, taxed, blamed, vii. 272.
attend, to wait for: who attended him In secret ambush, v. 299; I am attended at the cypress grove, vi. 159; thy intercepter.... attends thee at the orchard-end, iii. 373.
attent, attentive, vii. 113; viii. 34.
attorney, an advocate, a pleader: the heart's attorney (the tongue),
attorney, a substitute, a deputy: die by attorney, iii. 57; I, by attorney, bless thee from thy mother, v. 444.
attorneyed, &c.-Royally, "Nobly supplied by substitution of embassies, &c." (JOHNSON), iii. 420.
audacious, "spirited, animated, confident" (JOHNSON): audacious without impudency, ii. 207.
audaciously, with proper spirit: speak audaciously, ii. 214. Audrey, "a corruption of Etheldreda" (STEEVENS), iii. 46, &c.
auncient, iv. 460 (three times), 461: Fluellen's Welsh pronunciation of ancient (ensign).
aunt, a good old dame: The wisest aunt, ii. 276.
aunt, a cant term for a loose woman: summer songs for me and my aunts, iii. 463.
aunt whom the Greeks held captive—An old, “Priam's sister, Hesione, whom Hercules, being enraged at Priam's breach of faith, gave to Telamon, who by her had Ajax” (MALONE), vi. 32.
aunt-My sacred: see sacred aunt—My.
author to dishonour you, vi. 295: see note 30, vi. 360.
name from Golding's translation of Ovid's Metamorphoses, Book xi. ;
He was his fathers owne sonne right; he could mens eyes so b'eare,
(J. F. Gronovius, in his Lect. Plautinæ, p. 161, ed. 1740, after citing Martial, viii. 59, observes, “ Celebratur autem in fabulis Autolycus maximus furum.")
avaunt-To give her the, To give her the dismissal, "To send her away contemptuously" (JOHNSON), v. 514.
avised, for advised (see second sense of that word), i. 349, 358, 468. away with, to endure, to bear with: She never could away with me, iv. 360.
awful banks, “the proper limits of reverence" (JOHNSON), iv. 367. awful men, men who reverence the laws and usages of society, i. 305.
awkward, distorted: no sinister nor no awkward claim, iv. 447. awkward, adverse: awkward winds, v. 155; awkward casualties, viii. 65.
awless lion-The, The lion standing in awe of nothing, iv. 12 (where Mr. Knight erroneously explains awless "not inspiring awe").
awless throne-The, The throne not regarded with awe, not reverenced, v. 391.