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hear the enemy will bring against us," JOHNSON), vii. 708; That my integrity and truth to you Might be affronted with the match and weight of such a winnow'd purity in love ("I wish my integrity might be met and matched with such equality and force of pure unmingled love," JOHNSON), vi. 51.
affy, to betroth, v. 167; For daring to affy a mighty lord, v. 167; We
be affied, iii. 166.
affy, to trust, to confide: so I do affy In thy uprightness, vi. 284.
afore me, equivalent to God afore me, viii. 22.
agate very vilely cut-If low, an, ii. 104; I was never manned with an
agate ("had an agate for my man," JOHNSON; was waited on by an agate) till now, iv. 321: Allusions to the small figures cut in agate for rings, for ornaments to be worn in the hat, &c. agaz'd, struck with amazement, aghast, v. 8.
age with this indignity-Nor wrong mine, vi. 283: Here age means 'my seniority in point of age. Tanora, in a subsequent passage [p. 292], speaks of him as a very young man" (Boswell). Agenor-The daughter of, iii. 118: "Europa, for whose sake Jupiter transformed himself into a bull" (STEEVENS): and see note 31, iii. 185.
aggravate his style, add to his titles, i. 372.
aglets, viii. 162: "Were worn," says Sir F. Madden, "by both sexes; by the men chiefly as tags to their laces or points (aiguillettes), which were made either square or pointed, plain or in the form of acorns, or with small heads cut at the end, or topped with a diamond or ruby . . . . They were worn also by ladies, as pendants or ornaments in their head-dress. . . . Junius is therefore evidently mistaken in explaining aglet by spangle, into which error Archdeacon Nares has also partly fallen." Note on Privy Purse Expenses of the Princess Mary, p. 205: but Coles gives both "An Aglet (tag of a point), Eramentum ligula," and "An Aglet (a little plate of metal), Bractea, Bracteola." (Spenser, describing Belphoebe, tells us that she
was yclad, for heat of scorching aire,
Like twinckling starres." Faerie Queene, B. ii. C. iii. st. 26.)
agnize, to acknowledge, to avow, vii. 390.
a-good, in good earnest, heartily, i. 315.
a-hold, a-hold-Lay her, i. 176: To lay a ship a-hold is explained, to bring her to lie as near the wind as possible,-to make her hold to the wind, and keep clear of land. (While this sheet was passing through the press, I received a note from Mr. Bolton Corney in which he says that in the present passage a-hold ought to be “ahull," and quotes from Smith's Sea-Grammar, 1627, p. 40, "If the storm grow so great that she [the ship] cannot bear it, then hull; which is to bear no sail :" but qy.?)
aim, guess, conjecture: my jealous aim, i. 292; What you would work me to, I have some aim, vi. 621; where the aim reports, vii. 384.
aim, to guess, to conjecture: they aim at it, vii. 179; my discovery be not aimèd at, i. 292; I aim'd so near, vi. 394.
aim, to aim at : I aim thee, ii. 27 (so Milton, "missing what I aim'd," Paradise Regained, B. iv. 208).
aim-Cry, an expression borrowed from archery: All my neighbours shall cry aim, i.379; to cry aim To these ill-tuned repetitions, iv. 18; Cried I aim? i. 374: "To cry aim ! . . . was to encourage, to give aim was to direct; and in these distinct and appropriate senses the words perpetually occur. There was no such officer as aim-cryer . . . the business of encouragement being abandoned to such of the spectators as chose to interfere; to that of direction, indeed, there was a special person appointed. Those who cried aim! stood by the archers; he who gave it, was stationed near the butts, and pointed out, after every discharge, how wide, or how short, the arrow fell of the mark." Gifford's note on Massinger's Works, vol. ii. p. 28, ed. 1813.
aim-Give, an expression borrowed from archery; see the preceding
article: gentle people, give me aim awhile, vi. 353 (see note 165, vi. 379); Behold her that gave aim to all thy oaths, i. 322.
airy devil hovers in the sky-Some, iv. 38: Here, in defence of the epithet airy, the commentators cite from Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy," Aerial spirits or devils are such as keep quarter most part in the aire, cause many tempests, thunder and lightnings, tear oakes, fire steeples, houses, strike men and beasts, make it rain stones," &c. Part i. sect. 2, p. 46, ed. 1660; and from Nash's Pierce Pennilesse his Supplication to the Diuell, “The spirits of the aire wil mix themselues with thunder and lightning, and so infect the clime where they raise any tempest, that suddenly great mortalitie shall ensue of the inhabitants," &c. Sig. H 3, ed. 1595 but see note 67, iv. 87.
Ajax is half made of Hector's blood-This, vi. 74: "Ajax and Hector were cousin-germans" (MALONE): see mongrel beef-witted, &c.
Ajax is their fool, vii. 281: “i. e. a fool to them. These rogues and cowards talk in such a boasting strain, that if we were to credit their account of themselves, Ajax would appear a person of no prowess when compared with them" (MALONE).
Ajax, That slew himself, &c.—The Greeks upon advice did bury, vi. 294: "This passage alone would sufficiently convince me that the play before us was the work of one who was conversant with the Greek tragedies in their original language. We have here a plain allusion to the Ajax of Sophocles, of which no translation was extant in the time of Shakespeare. In that piece Agamemnon consents at last to allow Ajax the rites of sepulture, and Ulysses is the pleader whose arguments prevail in favour of his remains" (STEEVENS).
Ajax-Your lion, that holds his pole-axe sitting on a close-stool, will be given to, ii. 227: “This alludes to the arms given, in the old history of The Nine Worthies, to 'Alexander, the which did beare geules, a lion or seiante in a chayer, holding a battle-ax argent.' Leigh's Accidence of Armory, 1597, p. 23'" (TOLLET): Here, of course, is a quibble, Ajax (a jakes).
Al'ce, a provincial abbreviation of Alice, iii. 113 ("So 'Alice' is pronounced in many places of Beaumont and Fletcher's Monsieur Thomas, as is evident from the metre," WALKER).
alder-liefest, dearest of all, v. 110 ("Alder is a corrupted, or at least modified, form of the original English genitive plural aller or allre; it is that strengthened by the interposition of a supporting d (a common expedient)," CRAIK; liefest is the superlative of lief, which means "dear:" "The A. S. form for this would be allra leofeste." Latham's ed. of Johnson's Dict.).
ale, alehouse: go to the ale with a Christian, i. 287. (Here ale has
alive-Well, to our work, vi. 672: "This must mean, apparently,
let us proceed to our living business, to that which concerns the living, not the dead" (CRAIK): the context proves that it can have no other meaning.
all, applied to two persons: good morrow to you all, my lords, iv. 353; as all you know, v. 134.
all amort, dejected, dispirited (Fr. à la mort), iii. 160; v. 46.
all at once—And, iii. 52; iv. 423 : v. 304; see note 106, iii. 92. all hid, all hid, an old infant play, ii. 199: I think it plain that Biron means the game well known as hide-and-seek, though the following article in Cotgrave's Fr. and Engl. Dict. has been adduced to show that he possibly means blind-man's-buff; "Clignemasset. The childish play called Hodman blind [i.e. blind-man's-buff], Harrie-racket, or, are you all hid."
all to, all good wishes to; All to you, vi. 522; And all to all, vii. 41. all to-naught, all to-topple. See to.
All-hallown summer, iv. 214: "i. e. late summer; All-hallows meaning All-Saints, which festival is the first of November." Nares's Gloss.: "Shakespeare's allusion is designed to ridicule an old man with youthful passions" (STEEVENS). alliance!-Good Lord, for, "Good Lord, how many alliances are forming! Every one is likely to be married but me" (BOSWELL), ii. 93.
allicholy, a blunder of Mrs. Quickly for melancholy, i. 359. alligant, a blunder of Mrs. Quickly for elegant, i. 367. all-obeying breath-His, His "breath which all obey; obeying for obeyed" (MALONE), vii. 559.
allow, to approve: That will allow me very worth his service, iii. 330; Of this allow, iii. 461; I for aye allow, iv. 170; do allow them well, iv. 371; allow us as we prove, vi. 50; if your sweet sway Allow obedience, vii. 289; did his words allow, viii. 340; my good allow, viii. 405; generally allow'd, i. 370; Not ours, or not allow'd, v. 494 ; her allowing husband, iii. 426.
allow, to license, to privilege: go, you are allow'd (you are a privileged scoffer," JOHNSON; "you are a licensed fool, a common jester," WARBURTON), i. 224; there is no slander in an allowed fool, iii. 337; Allow'd (" confirmed," SINGER) with absolute power, vi. 570. allow the wind," stand to the leeward of me" (STEEVENS), iii. 275. allowance, approbation: Give him allowance as the worthier man,
vi. 26; A stirring dwarf we do allowance give, vi. 40; the censure of the which one must, in your allowance, o'erweigh, &c., vii. 153; put it on By yonr allowance, vii. 269; If this be known to you, and your allowance (" done with your approbation," MALONE), vii. 378. allowance Of very expert and approv'd, vii. 396: "Expert and approv'd allowance is put for allow'd and approv'd expertness" (STEEVENS).
all-thing, every way: And all-thing unbecoming, vii. 31. alms-drink-They have made him drink, vii. 533: "A phrase,
amongst good fellows, to signify that liquor of another's share which his companion drinks to ease him" (WArburton).
along by him-Go, Go along " by his house, make that your way home" (MALONE), vi. 636: The enemy, marching along by them, "through the country of the people between this and Philippi" (CRAIK), vi. 672.
Althea dreamed, &c., iv. 336: "Shakespeare has confounded Althæa's firebrand with Hecuba's. The firebrand of Althea was real; but Hecuba, when she was big with Paris, dreamed that she was delivered of a firebrand that consumed the kingdom" (JOHNSON): But Mr. Knight suggests that here "the page may be attempting a joke out of his half-knowledge" (a joke!); and a more recent commentator very gravely tells us, "It is not Shakespeare, but (most appropriately and characteristically, a boy who has picked up a smattering of knowledge) the page, who trips," &c. Althea burn'd Unto the prince's heart of Calydon-As did the fatal brand, v. 115: the prince of Calydon is Meleager: "according to the fable, Meleager's life was to continue only so long as a certain firebrand should last. His mother Althæa having thrown it into the fire, he expired in great torments" (MALONE).
Amaimon, i. 372; iv. 241: The name of a demon: "Randle Holme, in his Academy of Armory and Blazon, B. ii. ch. 1, informs us that 'Amaymon is the chief whose dominion is on the north part of the infernal gulph'" (STEEVENS): “Amaimon, King of the East, was one of the principal devils who might be bound or restrained from doing hurt from the third hour till noon, and from the ninth hour till evening. See Scot's Discovery of Witchcraft, B. xv. ch. 3 [p. 393, ed. 1584]" (DOUCE).
amaze, to confound, to perplex: You do amaze her, i. 416; You amaze me, ladies, iii. 11; Lest your retirement do amaze your friends, iv. 283; It would amaze the proudest of you all, v. 66; I am amaz'd, and know not what to say, ii. 301; I was amaz'd Under the tide, iv. 53; I am amaz'd, methinks, iv. 61; thou art amaz'd, iv. 171; Stand not amaz'd, vi. 430; I am amaz'd with matter (variety of business), vii. 708; amazing thunder, iv. 115.
Amen!-Come, i. 204: "Compare Captain Smith's Accidence, or the Path-way to Experience, 4to, Lond. 1626, p. 30, 'Who saies Amen, one and all, for a dram of the bottle'" (HALLIWELL). ames-ace, both aces,-the lowest throw upon the dice, iii. 232. amiable siege—An, “A siege of love" (MALONE), i. 371.
amiss, misfortune, "evil impending or catastrophe" (CALDECOTT): prologue to some great amiss, vii. 180.
amiss, fault: salving thy amiss, viii. 366; urge not my amiss, viii. 424.
amort. See all amort.