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af Nine barrels of Avuriperidiem were consumed last winter, but now the sw'mates are not allowed wheat, butxare furnished with como-bread of a very inferior quality. We were much pained in 2009. pasgage through the Lunatic department, especially that appropriated to females. $qveral of these poor, unfortunates were confined to chairs, such a procedure being rendered necessary in order to prevent them from doingi personal injury to themselves or others. One we particularly recollected for she very strongly attracted out attention, and we were much interested in the statement made by the keeper relative to her condition. She was apparently about twenty-five years of age, and must have been, once possessed of superior personal charms, which had not entirely faded, under the operation *of her melancholy and fearful disorder.* To this female the keeper threw a piece of stale corn-bread, with just such an air as one would cast a bone to a dogaoThis subject is tog. painful toi dwell upon, and we gladly leave ito's wide vez o bug1914 900669 91 ydw
norow fuld be hope soit enthog yn bland and road to ytimg179 the writer of which takes a favourable view of the house, and of the law under which it was erected; but who, in my opinion, makes some correct , observations in the following words iTFeu o aj lygis yonda yasd 219ub
The PhilADELPHIA ALMSHOUSE. bas batbau 6 tuod: 55 Otroubtsd abarrotu WT
, Woolf, the President of the Board of Guardians of the Poor, we paid a, visit to the Philadelphia Almshouse, in Blockley, and passed several hours in inspecting the arrangement of that new and vast establishment which, we believe, is generally admitted, by those best qualified to judge, to be unequalled on either side of the Atlantic, both as to extent and as to
o the excellence of the plan upon which it is constructed. one dabbate's It is said that the accommodations are sufficient for 3000 persons. () Olds
The main buildings of the Almshouse, which is situated on a beautiful and salubrious spot on the west bank of the Schuylkill, commanding a panoramic view of the most varied and striking characters are four jina number, forming the square, occupying and enclosing an area of about ten acres. The front building, which faces the Schuylkill, is a majestia piece of architecture, and is devoted to the use of the male paupers with accommodations for the officers of the institution, The upper i stories are occupied as dormitories, and the scrupulous nicety with which the restablishment is kept is nowhere more remarkable than in i these apartments, wall on line quotq4" oil and you in til ting in min14 eidt to
u On the groupd-floor are the offices. An extensive kitchen, with, alle its apparatus in the most perfect order, the tins glittering like silvers theh
tables and wooden nitensils-scoured until they looklašo ifl paintatiWhite, ånd everything is the most twexceptionable condition, the site being the leader in the large eating-rooms radjoining) Vytilsup mirstai yrov s Isa Phe Baltding on the southi is used as a hospital, and, thongh evil dentes yfi hümar inišerys and suffering nieet the spectator'at every turn, he is at the same time satisfied, from all that comes under his hotice fukt Hothing is neglected to alleviate the afflictions of the inmätas. The rooms are large, lofty, and well ventilated ; the apothecary's office well supplied; and baths of every kind are to be håd, alt moment's notiee. The medical library is situated in this building, and is one of tie largest and most valuable in the country.fusifo lot1022 10:19u to b. 12072200 midt OT *thanzib *!!! 9 bill* locons *1 2u1 10*410187946* os ugluis
«The building on the west is occupied by the female paupers, who, it seems, are neither so easily kept in order, norisotidy as the mea, vis why, we cannot pretend to say, but such is found to be the case One extremity of the northern building contains the aged and blind women, malthe incurables of the same sektor in the centre of this "
BaiVisionar tke Houting-trilis , carding-machines, carpenters
"and joiners "sliops, and the Cotton and woolleni factories, in which the
paupers 'Worke the
pro." ducts being chiefly used in the institution.
PUOMIT, “The grounds belonging to the Almshouse are about a hundred and eighty acres in extént, undet excellenit"cultivatión, and producing all ihe vegetables, &c., required by the establishment; and the handsome appearance of the gardens speaks much for the attention paid to that department: 199 tz67 610243 778911 ts: 67 70 PILLE STII, 4143 yurtoppui si etirer
Suchi are the impressions left by our hasty visit, and, although it' would require many more hours than we could devote to examine the establishment thoroughly, yet we saw'enough fully to warrant the favouret able opinion as to its management expressed above." ut sout hise all
- From these two accounts you will learn that there must be poverty and wretchedness greater in America than'in any other part of the world, or it would not be necessary to have the largest workliouses in the world.
Io is generally admitted," says this last American writer," by those best qualified to judge, that, for extent,' this poor-house is' unequalled on either side of the Atlantic." Enough has been said on this house, but t’iere is one thing more that I cannot forbeat to notice, such a last-" ing impression did it 'nrake upon me when I first heard it. It is the inhuman and disgusting manner' in which the dead bodies of the 'Republican “paupers" are chopped to pieces. Much, I am aware,'has been said? of this practice with regard to English paupers ; but, in this country, the body lota pauper catinot be dissected if objected to by a relative of the deceased person, nor does the dissection take place in the work houses;
and provisions are moreover made for decent interment of the corpse after dissection. Things, however, are managed very differently by the selfgoverned American Republicans --the sovereigns," as they foolishly call themselves.
ab's! Jij ti 100 l On visiting the Philadelphia Almshouse, which means, being translated, a prison for the poor,
company with a friend, we came to the doors of certain rooms into which we were told by our guide, an aged pauper, that there was no admittance.' I asked why we were not to be admitted ? " These,” said hé, the dissecting-rooms, which not see without an order from the authorities." What,” said 1, * do the inmates think of the bodies of their companions being thus 'cut to pieces on the premises ?” “Ah! Sir," said he, “it is that that hurts my feelings more than all the rest that I have to witness and suffer: I have seen that place hung round with human limbs, which were sold a limb at a time as the butchers sell their meat."
fellow seemed overcome by his own remark, and no more was said on the subject. The fact is, the dead 'carcases of the “ free Republican” paupers are sold, whole or in joints, whether the relations like it or not, to
o the medical students resident in those parts of the Union where meat of this descrip4 tion is not so easily procurable as in Philadelphia.
The Americans, however, in general, care nothing about what becomes of their dead." In cities, it is true, 'they have grave-yards ; but, if they are wanted for any of the wild schemes that a band of " spećulators” may take in their heads, they are without ceremony taken ; 'the bodies routed up, and thrown into the first convenient hole. They have none of that feeling, so peculiarly regarded by Englishmen, of respect the ashes of the dead; and, in country places, they have frequently no burial-place in particular. Each man buries his own family under his own tree in the field or the wood; and the fresh-raised bank of the stranger's grave 'you will see here and there by the wayside,
or on the bank of a river, as you pass along.
I remember, one Sunday morning, overtaking on the road a plain and honest-looking Englishman, from whom I learnt that he had been but a short time in America, and that he thought he should soon return; the principal reason that he assigned for which was, because there were no village bells, nor lawfully appointed resting places for the dead. "Do you think,” said he, “ I can like a country where they bury their dead in the roads?” These expressions, simple as they were, I am not ashamed to confess, had a powerful effect on me. They seemed to set ime, at once, on the hill-top of my native place, and the neighbouring beli sounded as fresh in my ears' as if it had been a reality.
In cities the foreigners are numerous, and they retain their feelings of respect for the bodies of their friends, which, of course, they are
obliged to inter in the grave-yards that are subject to the avarice of the most despicable of all creatures-the American speculator. The follow ing article, which relates to an instance, similar to what I am complaining of, I took in the year 1836 from a Philadelphia paper called The Democratic Herald :
THE REMAINS OF THE DEAD VIOLATED.
The grave-yard at the corner of Sixth and Arch streets, Schuylkill, has, for the last week, been the centre of attraction to public curiosity, and a scene of the most heart-rending woe to the afflicted survivors and relation of the violated dead. It is known that the church to which the yard belongs obtained an act of the legislature, authorising them to sell it, which they have done accordingly; and they are now engaged in disinterring the dead! By this measure, not only are the best and most sacred sympathies of our nature violated, but a most unjust infraction of the right of property is committed ; and, in our opinion, the act of the legislature is a violation of the constitution : for the church have no right to sell the ground twice, and the proprietors of the graves are the prior claimants, and, in our opinion, could recover heavy damages for this monstrous breach of the laws of God and man.
It would be a parallel case if our worthy fellow-citizen, James Ronaldson, were to obtain from the legislature an act to authorise him to sell his burial-ground for building-lots, and he were to proceed to disinter the dead, and sell his lot to Bonsall and Co., or any speculators in grave-yards! Who, in this
is case, would presume to say that the law was constitutional and binding?
Fathers are now seen in that vicinity with the coffins of their infants in their arms, brushing the dirt with their handkerchiefs from the lids. Mothers are collecting the skeletons of their children, widows of their husbands, and daughters of their mothers, as the rude spade of the inhuman violator throws up with brutal indifference the precious remains of mortality !-But we draw a veil over this harrowing picture.
“We believe it was Doctor Burden who presented the petition of the church for thịs nefarious law, and log-rolled it through the legislature. For how much human misery, degradation, and evil are the public indebted to this vile traitor of every trust, sacred, moral, political, and religious ! Humanity shudders at the spectacle !"
These are the proceedings, with respect to the dead, in Philadelphia ; and in the same year I took from The N. Y. Evening Star the following article on the same subject, in which the editor justly remarks that “ the business and pleasures of life seem too urgent to allow of a moment's pause for respect to the dead.” 3. The people of almost every country show so much respect for the
and the ears of the Mont 1.97 relatives are not pained with the sounds
lic wasglu Folle to our city. It arises out FAU09961 to uloso president, the rigid economicoft existence in their hainble dwellings. But,
solemnities of deathtas 16 behive with hand-1919400m od 200,990190
as to behave with decorum in the streets and pubfáfers suspend, for the moment, their mirth or frivolous conversation
, mourning of untimely putinely merriment' as they follow the corpse to the grave. Vehicles,
of all sorts, as they rattle through intersecting streets, draw up in ,
wholly or drive with a decent slowness till the retinue has is the case, we say, in other places, but not in New York. Less deference is here paid to funeral processions than in almost any other place
the world. The business and pleasures of life seem too urgent in their demands to allow of a moment's pause for respect to the dead Carriages and carts drive furiously by the very hearse, and not unfre
11 quently the line is broken by vehicles that cross it, and oblige gre quently the final to pause while the dissevered half is pursuing its
same, causes which render us and thoroughfares through the crowded church- yards, and mix the baneş tender as su, careless of the grave, that without scruple we open streets of kingsen, ezth the stones.comlected tor Parements: d he pursuit of mor ney and of pleasure, in this ever-bustling and ever-changing metropolis, åbsorbs the whole mind of the shifting population, and prevents a settled public opinion from acting on many subjects which are not cognizable
11. now, we will coon farther to see how the living are Well, now, we will hemselves treat themselves. At a large meeting
, how those who govern held in Philadelphia on the 26th of February, 1838, Mathew Carey
for mitt be, i to io mo 0 Resolved, "That the prohibition in the poor-Jaw against out-door te lief to the poor, especially to females, whose wages, when partially employed, are inadequate for their support, "has had a most deletérious effect on their comfort and happiness, and, at least, an equal'one on their morals and manners. This will appear evident from the fact that, When they used to receive 40, 50, or 60 cents per week from the overseers, in money or provisions, the pittance, in addition to their slender earning, in winter rately more than from 50'46 45 cents per week that is,'uti
about :14-week in our money), "enabled"them with deprived of the public aid, they have been driven to mendicity, and thus we repeat, have their morals and matiners been deteriorated, and they have been inurea to' habits'öf'idénėss avd laziness. Afid it is unfortunately too trie, that generally "onte a-beggat, always wegget, of sphe
by any other law."
among other things it was