Imagens das páginas

strieablar qorzago pernicious 6 911 walą P 2109, stip 9.01 LEO bus, superannuated,vd 1920Td a 9 Vagup

hence has the number of beggars who infest our streets been actually

ambao alas enem mestno menda og er mest popularempio doubled, or

result has taken the idea diminish the number of, street-beggars, whereas they are now to tiene bendea that our new.experiment was to free us from, or at least greatly

so numerous as to have become a most intolerable annoyance to our citizens, whoșe doors are beset with them at all hours of the day. wlog Sayegada por parte do site to joitain at je biovh 01, 9mit

Resolved, therefore, That it be earnestly recommended to the Legistoture of this state, to repeal the prohibiting clause of the poor-law, and to pass an act authorising the guardians of the poor to administer outdoor relief, under such regulations and restrictions in

no , regard to amount and quality as they shall horrors of poverty from the inadequacy of their wages, and also to the horrors of the short judge propera to poor females suffering all the 99 100 1015911, 99111 vd VelofTUT QVID 2098 297 AITTSO , the deprived and

in imitation liberal, beneficial, charitable, and Christian principle adopted in Great Britain, (on the fullest cousideration the people of that country,) as stated by the Commissioners of the Poorne monsideration of the subject by some of the wisest and best of

39.0100 OJ Sidbyberoaib yogid law, in their last report, dated July, 1837." Bata rato 9n botoa tontin X Virg, 90 p apl9189, 0a au 1ebggt Portorom, this meeting, then, we learn that the poor-laws of the United States are much more cruel and

ch more cruel and oppressive than are those, of England, and that the charitably disposed desire no more for those who zilgogdom U04-1993 Draud 1979 at 911295,0. big yg than that is righe horrors of poverty, from inadequacy of their than that such sufferers may be put on the same footing as the poor of England. And they petitioned to their legislature and prayed that their

Fol qiliq yuvd cruel poor-law might be modified and made to imitate that which,

when in

arison with their own, they considered liberal, beneficial, charia table, and Christian-like.

Kerucude 1 to vltos put po sidqiaholida ni bler a to pregna-gom Pom 10,5tro 01971991 10 TOTEM 90 J19 bizorg

And the said president, Mr. Carey, who has been a well-known resident of that city, I should think, more than forty occasion, that, “Having for two years laboured in vain to excite the public attention to the mass of human wretchedness

ess and misery resulting from the cruel rejection of relief

out-door poor, of whom by far the most respectable

are thus precluded from all participation in the funds raised for the support of t the popr. I am induced to obtrude

1601 Dus alerom the public in my own proper namero OD 10,00, 06 ovi9991 of hopu vert 314 The recent English poor-law displays a degree of humanity and prudence worthy of imitation everywhere. Its system, if adopted here, would rescue hundreds of deserving individuals from

SORTIVE and suffering, and probably from perishing of cold and hunger. The reader's attention is solicited to its great leading feature, odit "10 bovitab if The following is the

important,clause referred 10. in overlappen Who We take this opportunity to states that, in, endeavouring to give effect to the intentions of the Legislature, we have, on all occasions , had

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especial regard to the cases of the aged and infirm. We have, as respects the whole class, considered that they are the last who should be subjected to any serious inconvenience by the change. Our orders for the discontinuance of out-door poor relief relate mainly to the ahleabodied, persons above sixty years of age being specially exempted from the operation of the rule.'-Third Annual Report of the Poor-law Commissioners of England and Wales. July, 1837, page 58.

“No Pennsylvanian can compare the humanity, the kindness, and tenderness that dictated this feature of the English system, with the want of feeling and cruelty that dictated ours, without blushing crimson red.

“In the year 1835, on the completion of the Almshouse, all the outdoor poor were cut off from relief, except in the Almshouse.

Thus all those whose laudable pride--a pride, the best security of virtue- revolted at the idea of an almshouse, were at one stroke devoted to starvation or beggary; and, according to a statement by the guardians, none of them go

into the almshouse. No exception was made in favour of age, sex, or condition, former standing, or respectability of character: no regard was paid to any of those humane and benignant considerations by which the English Poor-law Commissioners were so laudably influenced.

“ If anything could add to the regret and astonishment at this procédure, it would be three strong facts : 1st. That the average of the whole number was only 433 cents per week; 2d. That two-fifths were females; pauperized by the manner in which they were and are ground to the earth by wages inadequate to support human nature ; and the third and last, perhaps the worst, was that, of the whole number, 549, 390 were above 60 years of age, 236 beyond 70, 75 beyond 80, 15 beyond 90, and 6 beyond 100!!! Such are the human beings who, to economize 463 cents per week, i.e. cheese-parings, were cut off from out-door relief, and devoted to beggary or starvation.

5 M. CAREY."

to it Every precaution is taken to hide these things. To hold them up uncovered to the world requires nerve that few among them possess; and this Mr. Carey, when stating the “horrible fact, that twelve human beings perished of cold and hunger in about two months, in that flourishing city, priding itself on the benevolence of its citizens and its numerous charitable institutions !": observes, *"* I well know that those

fastidiously sensitive about the character of our city will der nounce me for stating these astounding facts. Be it sostel aşk, how are such crying evils to be remedied if they be studiously concealed from the public ? They ought, au contraire, to be trumpeted to the føur winds of heaven, to arouse our citizens to a sense of their enormity o čow

"He must have the heart of a Herod or a Shylock who, after reading

who are

stick hideous detai18, which might be extended to a large volume, declaims against benevolent societies, and against relieving the poor. 9. What think von of this picture? This is not what you have been in the habit of hearing from those who lecture you on the beauties of American democracy, and who must be either deceived themselves, or inte rested in deceiving you. I wish you to consider that they never furnish you with facts; they merely declaim; and, while talking to you of the blessing of freedom in America, they know nothing of these things any more than you know, whòm they pretend to inistruct... hope omings any

Every winter, of late years, the state of things has been such in the “ land of liberty” that the poor frequently perish for want of the necessaries of life and the rich find it expedient to form “Benevolent Associations, and to establish soup-shops, where thousands are supplied daily with just enough to keep them alive. The poor-rates and the workhouges, enormously large as they are, are fourid quite inadequate. I know one gentleman in Philadelphia who has supplied sixty persons a-day,during the winter-season, with soup at his own expense; and last péar I took from The Herald and Sentinel, of Philadelphia, the following account of similar things in New York : - to Yon of his arv

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-9901q ain!): FIC DISTRESS FOR WANT OF EMPLOYMENT. :1 slo: A correspondent of the New York Times, as an exemplification of the condition of the labouring classes of that city during the past winter, mentions that he was one who took part in contributing towards the relief of the distressed, and states that 2515 tickets, for the relief of 9627 persons, were issued in a single ward (and that ward in the lower part of the city, where there is much less general poverty than in the upper) from the 1st day of January to the 10th day of March, and the demand is not yet materially abated. I never desire,' says the writer, again to witness such scenes as fell under my observation. Thousands of industrious mechanics, who never before solicited alms, were brought to the humiliating condition of applying for assistance, and, with tears on their manly cheeks, confessed their inability to provide food or clothing for their families :

Í háve ten times more evidence than is sufficient to satisfy the world of the wretched state of those in the United States who depend on labour for a living. A little more of this evidence I intend to give you, without further comment, by way of an Appendix, and shall now haste to other matters, which, before I take my leave, I am desirous to inform you of. chute u! Pois built u ut aliza

There was a time when, in the United States, the working emigrant was much sought after, when he was well paid for his services, and when;" to secure those services, he was respectfully treated"; "but that

on their

has gone by, and, as Dr. Ely remarks, on the working men generally, they are now treated worse than slaves. As to the emigrant, if he be

poor, he is treated with the utmost contempt, and sometimes with a cruelty that the most uncivilized nation could not exceed. The following is an instance of the way he is met when he lands in the United States :

AN ORDINANCE. To prevent the landing or otherwise introducing alien paupers and

vagrants within the limits of the city of Newark. Be it ordained, by the Common Council of the city of Newark-

“ Section ). That it shall not be lawful for any master, owner, or agent, of any steam-boat, ship, vessel, or boat, whatever, or any stage, car, or other land-carriage or vehicle, to land or permit to be landed or put down from any such steam-boat, ship, or other vessel, stage, car, or other vehicle, any alien pauper, vagrant, sick, infirm, or insane person, or such other alien that may appear to have no visible means of support, or that cannot make it appear that he or she is entitled to a residence in our city, without first giving to the city authorities a bond in the sum of three hundred dollars, with good and sufficient surety, that no such passenger shall become a city charge for the term of one year from the date of said bond, under the penalty of fifty dollars for each and every passenger as aforesaid, so landed or put down within the city limits.

“ Section 2. That it shall be the duty of the police magistrates of the city, the overseers of the poor, and the city constables, to take the proper steps to carry into effect the provisions of this ordinance.

“ Section 3. That if any vagrant, sturdy beggar, or person without the visible means of support, and not entitled to a residence according to law, be found within the city limits, it shall be the duty of the overseers of the poor or the police constables to take such persons before some magistrate of the city for examination, and, if found on examination not to be entitled to a residence in the city, it shall be the duty of the magistrate to commit such person to the city workhouse (if such there be), or he may direct them, at his option, to be placed beyond the city limits.

“Section 4. That printed copies of this ordinance be posted up at the different landing-places on the river, and at the different depôts, stopping-places, and bridges within the city limits. • Passed June 30th, 1837.

" Joseph N. TUTTLE, Clerk C.C. “July 4th, 1837.

6. Presented and approved, THEO: FRELINGHUSEN, Mayor.

"James Dawes, Recorder." There are in this Ordinance two provisions for the reception of the poor stranger, either of which makes one blush for our colour when we

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compare them with the manner in which the red savages of the forest
received and welcomed to their country the first white emigrants; but
the last clause of the 3rd section of this Ordinance, when we consider
that a man so landing has no right to any one place more than another,
is a thousand times more cruel than if they had decreed that he should
be shot at first sight, and had offered a reward for his head.
and barbarous indeed is it, that you will think it impossible for a
civilized people ever to have put it in force ; and, to convince you that
such Ordinance is carried out to the very letter, it will be necessary to
give you an instance, which, from the New York Courier and Enquirer,
you have in the following words :-

“ The Providence papers contain the details of a piece of savageism that would disgrace the most ferocious corner of the remotest portion of the 'far West.' Vicksburg may very justly be abused for the atrocities there committed, and St. Louis is entitled to take precedence even of Vicksburg, but in neither of those places could such a scene have occurred as the one in Rhode Island. The town of Foster, Providence county, R. I., had better hereafter

say very

little of backwoods barbarity. It seems that an individual named Potter was found sick in a barn of Dr. Carpenter in that town, and a son of that individual immediately made application to the Town Council, then in session, to afford him shelter and relief, it being believed that he had the small-pox. The high functionaries composing that body only remarked that the sufferer did not belong to their town, and the president, after a good deal of importunity, gave it as his opinion that it was best to take the poor creature

within three feet of Scituate (the adjoining town) and shove him over !' He was afterwards conveyed to a spot near the House of one Howard, a member of the Town Council, and an overseer of the poor, who closed his door against him, and directed him to be left in the highway, where he was deposited upon a pile of shavings by the road-side, and where he remained until after noon. He was then removed to an uninhabited house in the fields, where he was left entirely alone until midnight, and, on being visited, he was found hanging about the well-sweep, though the night was rainy, incited, no doubt, by the agony of an intolerable thirst, and very soon after died ! A case of more wanton cruelty than this has never presented itself to our knowledge ; and we have

have no hesitation in saying to the individual who parades it before the public, as though he had done something honourable in the part he had taken in the transaction, that we do not look upon his own conduct as very much better than that of those he reprehends so sentimentally. The affair is grossly disgraceful to all parties.”

You see the poor man who emigrates to the United States will greatly deceive himself if he expects to sleep on a bed of roses. There are no


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