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county, Va. The report is that a man named Fentress, and a neighbour of his, had obtained permission of a Mr. Miller, recently removed from thence to Norfolk borough, to turn their stock into the enclosures of Miller's farm, at Mount Pleasant. A man named Sykes took the liberty, it seems, without leave, to do a similar thing; when Fentress and his neighbour went together, took down a fence, and drove Sykes's hogs out. Sykes, his son and nephew, armed, (the first with a gun, the latter with a pistol each,) came up at the time, when some words passed between Fentress and Sykes, and the latter deliberately raised his gun, and shot Fentress through the body, at the distance of only a few paces, the load entering the pit of his stomach! Fentress fell dead. As his neighbour turned to flee, Sykes' nephew fired at him and shattered one of his arms. He turned to beg for his life, when Sykes seized the other pistol from his son, and shot the wounded man in the side, who fell, and is supposed to have been so badly wounded as not to survive! A coroner's inquest had been held, but the result, or further particulars about the murders, had not been heard at Norfolk, when the steam-boat left on Sunday.

THE LATE MURDERS.

Baltimore, Nov. 22. Up to last night, when this paragraph was written, there were no accounts of the arrests of any of the murderers concerned in the horrid transaction on the line of the Washington Railroad, of which the particulars were given in yesterday's American.

In the account of this bloody transaction, we stated yesterday, of the three superintendents, whose lives had been wantonly sacrificed, Mr. Callon was one.

This statement was made on the testimony of a person who saw a dead body, and thought he recognized it to be that of Mr. C. It appears, however, that he was mistaken in its identity, Mr. Callon having called on us personally yesterday, for the purpose of correcting the error. He states that he succeeded in making his escape from Mr. Watson's shanty when it was attacked by the ruffians, and as he ran he was fired at by one of them with a horse-pistol, the discharge of which killed his dog at his side. He had on neither shoes nor stockings, and having run several miles before he recovered from his alarm, his feet and legs were very much lacerated and swelled.

A fact which we have derived from another source, an eye-witness of the deed, will show the peculiarly hardened and ferocious character of the murderers. After Mr. Messer was dragged from the shanty, they called to him to go on his knees and say his prayers, for that he had but a minute to live; and while in that attitude they deliberately fired four bullets into his body!

From the Boston Morning Post.

EARLY FRUITS OF MOB-LAW.

We understand that large orders were received here last week, to effect insurance on vessels lying at the wharves in New-York; but the risks were mostly declined, as in marine insurance the underwriters are liable though the property be destroyed by rioters or in a civil commotion. It

is different with fire insurance ; underwriters are not liable where property is burnt by rioters, and in a civil war or commotion. We are informed that many merchants and manufacturers are ordering goods away which were consigned to houses in New York for sale, fearing extensive conflagrations may result from the course pursued by the bank partisans in that city. From present appearances we think all prudent men who have merchandize there on consignment would do well to note carefully the signs of the times. If the bank party commence violence, as they did last spring, we are persuaded that the fighting will not be, as then, all upon their side.

OUTRAGE.

On Sunday evening last, four young men, citizens, were quietly discussing a political subject, as is common on the eve of elections, when a person intruded on them whom they did not know. One of the company observed, that perhaps they had better be a little more cautious, as some of the Wellington police might be about. The words were scarcely uttered when this stranger stepped forth, and made a prisoner of this person thus expressing himself. His Honour the Mayor, hearing the case the next day, felt himself so much aggrieved, he bound the person over, so offending against his dignity, in the sum of one thousand dollars. The police officer that made the arrest was, at the last Mayor's Court, convicted of an assault and battery on a female. Comment is unnecessary.

THE LAND PIRATES.

We learn from Trenton that the grand jury sitting there in connexion with the United States District Court have found indictments against upwards of forty persons, including two justices of the peace, for being concerned in the plunder of the James Fisher and Henry Franklin, which were driven ashore near Barnegat.

AMERICAN MOBS.

In a judicious article on the subject of American mobs, the Norfolk Beacon makes the following, amongst other remarks:

A most important crisis is at hand, and a more than ordinary responsibility devolves upon the press. A spirit is abroad to gratify individual feelings at the expense of the law, which is despised and trampled under foot by its professed friends; and, what renders the case most important, this uncontrolled, and it would seem uncontrollable, spirit assumes the air and garb of Liberty herself. Yes, the agitator, with his band of ruffians, who seeks at the hour of midnight to destroy the dwelling of the private citizen, and plunge a whole community into a state of trepidation and uproar, this important and dangerous personage is to be regarded as the interpreter of law as well as the executor, in all cases, without the slightest trial or hearing of the parties; and this, too, in a land whose Bill of Rights especially provides that the great departments of government should, for the preservation of our freedom, be kept distinct and separate for ever. Nothing can be more false, in fact, than the common notion, that a mob is a democratic assemblage: it is no

such thing on the contrary it is an aristocracy of the very worst kind. The laws which the people have enacted are expressly contemned by these self-constituted judges, whose only measure of justice is their own ungovernable will. And what proves the truth of this view of the case is, the universal declaration after the occurrence of an outbreaking, that one-tenth of the number of the citizens at large would have repelled the whole body of rioters. A few stormy spirits get up a mob, and want of concert on the part of the people ensures its success. This ought not to be, and it becomes the civil authority in every section of the country to be on the alert."

From the New York Times.

MORE NEWS FROM THE SCENE OF WAR,

The Cleveland papers state that hostilities have recommenced between the belligerent parties. The following is the account given :

On the morning of the 15th instant the sheriff of Monroe county, accompanied by a body of armed men, made a descent upon the village of Toledo, and captured the sheriff of Lucas county, whom they carried off. The party reappeared in the course of the day, in search of such judges and justices as were acting under the laws of Ohio, but did not succeed in getting hold of them, as the citizens of Toledo had armed themselves for battle, and made such stout resistance, that, after the exchange of about one hundred shots, the invading party fled. They were hotly pursued, but being on horseback were not overtaken.

The Detroit Free Press of last Wednesday states that rumours had just reached that city of violence and bloodshed committed at or near Toledo. The deputy sheriff, Wood, who was recently dirked, was shot in the shoulder by the Ohio insurgents while in the discharge of his official duty. A skirmish had taken place, in which five or six rounds had been fired on each side. A reinforcement of one hundred men had left the village of Monroe for the scene of action. The Ohioans have, it appears by the Detroit paper,

stolen a march on the Michiganians, and gone through the form of establishing a court of justice in Toledo. Two Ohio judges, commissioned by Governor Lucas, entered a building in Toledo, which they chose to dignify with the name of a court-house, and there went through with certain judicial ceremo. nies, of what precise character we know not, for the court was held after midnight, and the judges had the court-room entirely to thomselves. After despatching their business (what was it?) they adjourned sine die, and evaporated long before daylight. They were probably fearful that Judge Lynch and his myrmidons might resolve themselves into a court of errors, revise their opinions, and perhaps punish them for a contempt of that high tribunal. The Ohio folks now claim that the whole district in dispute is now regularly organized under the laws of Ohio, their trick of a midnight court having regularly established their claims thereto. There is something rather farcical in this piece of judicial finesse-this dumb show at midnight—this "going through the motions" of court business, and running down a calendar innocent of cases. The Michigan folks talk of the matter most sneeringly, and say that, farcical as the whole matter is, the Ohio people have never advanced a stronger claim to the disputed territory than that preferred by their midnight court.

OUTRAGE,

St. Louis, August 1. A RENCONTRE of a fatal nature took place last evening, in the lower end of the city, between two Spaniards, who arrived here a few days since on board the George Collier. The quarrel is said to have originated on board the boat, during her passage up, and was terminated the next evening with knives. One of the parties was stabbed in the right breast, ranging downwards, with a knife about fourteen inches long, driven in with such force as to bury near the whole of the handle in the body. The other man was stabbed in the abdomen, ranging across, his bowels protruding from the wound. The former died almost instantaneously, and the latter is not expected to survive. This part of the city has for some time past become the resort of a band of desperadoes, who make a practice of cutting each other's throats with the most perfect nonchalance. Would it not be well for our city authorities to give this den an overhauling ?

HORRIBLE MURDER.

We learn from the St. Joseph Times (Florida), of January 21st, that one of the deck hands of the steam-boat Hyperion was shamefully murdered while the boat was lying at the wharf in Apalachicola. We are informed that two ruffians went on board, and, without any just provocation, literally cut him to pieces with a large knife, one of whom was apprehended, and held to bail in the sum of five hundred dollars !

From the Western Spy.

HORRID.

On the 22d ult. Alonzo Purdy, an active and promising son of Mr. James Purdy, of Milton, Orange county, was deliberately shot by a vile vicious boy, named John Baker. Young Purdy had been gunning with another boy named Staples, and Baker joined them, took Purdy's gun and hunted with it for some time. After he returned the gun, Purdy reloaded it, and Baker again desired to fire it, which Purdy refused. Afterwards, Purdy and Staples sat down their guns, and climbed into a a tree to pick grapes, which run upon it. Baker coming up took Pi's gun, and exclaimed that they were stealing grapes, and would shoot them ; upon which he took deliberate aim and fired. Fifteen shots were lodged in Staples' legs, and he fell to the ground so violently as to stun him. When he came to his senses, he perceived Purdy hanging by his feet in the tree, and the blood flowing profusely from his head.

Upon being taken down his right eye was found to be shot out, and lay upon his cheek; his left eye was also penetrated with a shot, which reached the brain ; his teeth were torn out, and his tongue shot to pieces. Six shots were lodged in his face. He lingered in extreme agony, unable to speak, until the 2d instant, when he expired. A more cold blooded and malicious act we have hardly ever been called upon to record. We knew young Purdy well, and believed him to have been a well-disposed child, injuring no one. We hope that the murderer may

be arrested, and made to suffer for an offence which appears so truly hellish and demoniac, as scarcely to be entitled to a place in the catalogue of human offences.

A TEMPERANCE RIOT

Took place on Saturday night last, at Bloomfield, N.J. The rioters were disguised, and attacked a beer-house, destroyed the liquors, beat the proprietor and adjourned. Truly, under a government of laws, in which each man has an equal voice, we are advancing rapidly,

From the American Standard.

ATROCIOUS ACT.

YESTERDAY evening, about six o'clock, as the steam-boat, Splendid, was leaving the landing, a shot was fired from a house near the wharf from whence the boat started, and killed one of the passengers. The boat immediately returned, and the corpse was brought on shore. This is the third time, and from the same house, that persons have been shot on board of boats leaving this place. In the former cases two persons were wounded. Three persons are now lodged in goal, taken up on suspicion, and the coroner's inquest is yet investigating the matter. We shall therefore say nothing more on the subject at present.

The man who was killed was from New Orleans, in which city he was working at his trade-blacksmithing. His name is Barney Norman, and is said to have been a man of good character. He was formerly of Little York, Pennsylvania, but previous to going to New Orleans had resided at Yellow Banks, Kentucky, to which place he was about to return when he was killed. He was about thirty years of age.

From the New York American.

AMERICAN DUELLING.

We copy below, from the Lexington (Ky.) Observer, the statement of a fight between a Mr. M'Clung and Mr. Allen of Missouri, and ask whether any exaggeration of the most spiteful of foreign tourists, respecting the state of society in some of the American States, can excee the reality of the picture here presented ? Extract of a Letter from a Gentleman in Mississippi, to his Friend in

this City, dated Mount Olympus, July 17. A dreadful fight took place in Jackson, on Monday evening. Alexander M'Clung, who is the strong friend of Governor Runnels, not long siuce, in a moment of excitement, pronounced General Allen (a lawyer of high standing) a coward and a scoundrel, and applied many other abusive epithets; which Allen having heard of, came to Jackson, on Monday, to know if such was the fact, and if he had any apology to offer. M'Clung replied that he had used the expressions alluded to, and would retract nothing nor offer any apology. They appeared in the street at the distance of a hundred yards apart, and each, considering it the duty of the other to attack, acted on the defensive. They were both well armed, and though public expectation was on tiptoe, it was disap

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