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tegrity of Philadelphia, and, through the conduct of that city, the character of the State, is compromised. Your memorialist most respectfully prays that your honourable bodies will take the matter into serious consideration, and make a thorough investigation into the matter by such means as shall appear best calculated to preserve the good character of this State, and protect the interests of the feeble and helpless poor orphans.
James RONALDSON. Philadelphia, February 19, 1835.
The newspaper called “The Pennsylvanian,” which is the organ of the Philadelphian democratic party, previous to the election of 1834, remarked that — In the city we are to meet the violators of Girard's will, and the plunderers of the poor orphan; the men who are squandering millions of dollars, bequeathed to the people, in erecting a palace which will require fifteen years to complete, and will be useless when completed. For what? To give fat offices to their friends, and to keep themselves in power by lavish corruption !
MEMORIAL TO THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA.
The Memorial of the subscribers, citizens of the city of Philadelphia, respectfully showeth that
The councils of Philadelphia have, however, directly violated both the spirit and letter of the will of their aged and venerable fellowcitizen, by adopting and carrying into execution a plan for a Grecian emple, in total contradiction of the expressed wishes of the testator, and which will not only consume nearly the whole of the fund of two millions of dollars, but must delay the benefits of this valuable institution until the present generation has entirely passed away.
Mr. Lewis presented the following communication from the trustees of Girard College :
Board of Trustees of the Girard College
for Orphans, April 25, 1835. TO THE SELECT AND COMMON COUNCILS OF THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA.
GENTLEMEN,- In compliance with a resolution passed at the last meeting of the Board of Trustees, I have the honour to inform you
that the arrangements made by the Board will enable them to commence the organization of the institution by the month of October next ; and to request authority from your honourable bodies to begin the instruction of orphans at that period. Knowing, as I do, the anxiety always manifested by the Councils to avoid any unnecessary delay in conferring upon
our fellow-citizens the benefits of Mr. Girard's bounty-and assured that the measure now proposed will, if practicable, be cheerfully adopted—I forbear to enter into any explanation of the reasons of this request, and only ask for it an early, as I am sure it will receive a respectful, consideration.
I have the honour to be
N. BIDDLE, President.
COMMON COUNCIL, 1836. Petitions and communications of a character similar to those presented in Select Council were presented by Messrs. Rawles, Thomason, Hutchinson, Perot, and Fraley.
Mr. Otis, from the Building Committee of Girard College, reported an ordinance authorising a loan of 100,000 dollars for the expenses of erecting Girard College. Laid on the table.
"In no event shall any part of the said capital be sold, disposed of, or pledged.”—(See Girard's will.)
ATROCITIES OF THE AMERICAN REPUBLICANS TOWARDS THE NEGROES,
AND THEIR FRIENDS THE ABOLITIONISTS. The following extracts from newspapers and other publications will be sufficient to illustrate this head of my work; but it must not be imagined that they detail a fiftieth part of the atrocities which actually took place during the four years in which they occurred. As the reader will perceive, they are not arranged with any regard to dates.
From the Pennsylvanian, 1834. Tumult has been busy lately on the Schuylkill front of the city; and in one or two instances fire-arms had to be produced to keep down the turbulent spirit. A party of white men appear to have determined that no black shall be employed if they can prevent it, and have gone so far as to demand from tavern-keepers that they should dismiss their black servants.
From the Pennsylvanian, 1834.
PHILADELPHIA RIOTS-SECOND NIGHT.
The riots commenced on Wednesday night with redoubled activity and fury. In consequence of the disturbances of the preceding evening, the city police, under the mayor, were marched just after dark to the southern boundaries of the city, and the police of the districts were also assembled. The rioters, however, did not show themselves in any
force until about eleven o'clock, when the peace-officers, worn out by the toils of the affray on Tuesday, and not anticipating a second riot, had generally retired. The onset was made in Seventh-street between Shippen and Fitzwater streets. Two three-storied brick houses on the west side, occupied by blacks, were first assailed. The windows and doors were dashed to pieces, the furniture demolished, and the inhabitants dragged from their beds and dreadfully beaten. In the morning one of them was carried to the hospital. The mob then moved on to Baker-street, where three frame houses were almost torn to pieces, and completely riddled with stones. The little property of the inhabitants-bedsteads, bedding, &c.was strewed about the street in fragments. It is not known whether the occupants were much hurt. In Baker-street, below Seventh-street, several frame-buildings shared the same fate; and in Seventh-street, below Bakerstreet, two other houses were as much injured. The first African Presbyterian church in Seventh-street exhibits serious marks of the fray. The doors are dented and battered, and the window-sashes knocked to pieces. The rioters found it impossible to effect an entrance, or the interior of the church would have been demolished.
In Shippen-street, below Seventh-street, two large three-story brick houses are reduced to mere wrecks. The doors and window-shutters are hanging in fragments, and the houses are thoroughly gutted. A framehouse adjacent suffered as badly. The palings, a small front garden, and the fragments of the buildings at this point, exhibit melancholy instances of the fury of the rioters. A small court opposite, occupied altogether by blacks, appears to have been an especial object of attack. Upwards of six houses were here assailed and dealt with as violently as the others. In Small-street four or five frame-tenements suffered severely.
The damage above described was seen by us in a hasty walk over the ground yesterday; but we are informed that it is only part of the whole mischief perpetrated. The scene was a melancholy example of mob violence. The furniture of the houses was broken into the smallest fragments ; nothing escaped ; the bedding was carried into the streets, ripped up with knives, and the contents scattered far and wide. The bedsteads, chairs, and tables were hacked-to chips. The inhabitants who were not fortunate enough to fly at the first approach of the rioters were treated with brutal cruelty; and we learned that an old inoffensive negro was lying dead from the effects of the treatment he received in the wreck of his house. Others, who were carried to the hospital, it is said cannot survive. Murder is then to be added to the account of the riots in Philadelphia
The following particulars are from the afternoon papers of yesterday :
The mob assembled, as before, in the Hospital lot. From thence they proceeded in a body to the corner of Small and Sixth streets. At this time the crowd must have consisted of nearly 500 persons, generally
lads of from 17 to 20 years old, with a number of men. They appeared to act in accordance with a preconcerted plan generally understood. The white residents in the district extended a light from their windows, and the houses thus designated were respected.
Not a house, the dwelling of coloured people, was spared. The poor blacks, affrighted at the approaching storm, had fled their houses, and even the city, and took repose by thousands in the fields and woods in the neighbourhood of the city.
The mob entered one house where a man, who had not been awakened by his frightened companions, was found in his bed asleep. The rioters, in despite of his piteous entreaties for mercy, seized the poor fellow and hurled him out of the window.
Soon after the mob collected at the corner of South and Seventh streets, word was given to march down Seventh-street, the police of the city being too strong to permit any breaches of the peace within their boundaries. On the way down several blacks were inhumanly beaten and dreadfully lacerated. In one house there was a corpse, which was thrown out of the coffin; and, in another, a dead infant was taken out of bed andc ast on the floor, the mother being at the same time barbarously treated. The signal words of the mob were
Gunnee,” 56 Punch," and “ Big Gun." Robbers were busy, during the disturbance, in pillaging the houses that were attacked.
THE RIOTS-THIRD NIGHT. Extensive preparations were made on Thursday evening by the sheriff, the mayor, and the magistracy of the districts, to give the tal and cowardly miscreants a warm reception if they dared to attempt a renewal of their outrages on Wednesday night upon the defenceless negroes. The sheriff summoned the posse comitatus, and drafted several hundred active young men for the suppression of the riots. The first troop of cavalry was called out, and several companies of volunteer infantry, among which were the Washington and Lafayette Greys, provided with ballcartridges. The whole strength of the city police was mustered, and likewise that of the Southwark and Moyamensing police. At an early hour in the evening the various bodies assembled; the civil power of the city making the Hospital lot the rendezvous, and the military remaining in the vicinity of the Hall of Independence, ready to move at the first alarm. The crowd was immense throughout the scene of the riots of the
preceeding evening, but were generally quiet and decorous in their behaviour. A slight disturbance took place early in the evening in front of a three-story brick house called Benezet-hall, in Seventh-street, near Lombard-street, in which it was reported a body of blacks were collected for defence. Whether that was the case or not, we cannot say from personal observation, the houses being closed from cellar to garret ; but we are informed that at one time the multitude in front, large as it was, valiantly took to their heels before a rush made by five or six men from an adjoin. ing alley. Sauve qui peut was the prevailing sentiment, and it was well acted on.
This house was the object of especial regard from the afternoon until after midnight. A strong party of police were stationed close at hand, and the people were repeatedly exhorted to retire, instead of being
compelled to do so. We learn at the police office that several frightened negroes were at a late hour found on the premises.
The blacks yesterday were moving in great numbers from the scene of riot. A deputation of the most respectable of their number yesterday afternoon waited on the mayor, requesting protection for their unoffending brethren.
In walking through the sacked district, large crowds were observed, who were invariably quiet enough; but about ten o'clock two mounted police-officers came galloping up and announced that the rioters were busy in tearing down a frame meeting-house, below the Wharton-market, at least a mile from the devastations of Wednesday night. The posse comitatus, accompanied by a great concourse, and headed by a Colonel P. A. Browne, marched to the spot : the building lay level with the groundnot a stick was standing ; but the rioters had disappeared some time before. No one was to be seen except the neighbours, who stated that the destruction had been effected with much deliberation, and that those engaged in it, after effecting their purpose, walked coolly away. News was then received that two small frame-tenements had been torn down in a court running from the lower part of Vernon-street, and the posse directed their steps to the place, but arrived too late. On their way down Second-street the spectators seemed to receive an accession in the shape of a number of rioters, who hissed, derided, and insulted the civil power, and refused to obey the order to disperse. The cavalry were greeted in the same style, and a request to disperse, accompanied by a threat of arrest, had no other effect than that of producing a momentary silence, which was changed to howls and scoffs the moment the military moved onwards. Violence, however, was carefully abstained from.
About midnight the populace had generally retired; the streets were perfectly quiet and comparatively deserted, except a few lingerers about the front of Benezet-hall, in the city, an attack on which seemed to be much desired, and would have taken place, if the rioters, who are as cowardly as they are cruel, could have effected it without danger. The mayor, however, with an ample force, was rather near the gentry, and they contented themselves with threatening looks. The valour of the ruffians is only equal to brutal assaults upon the defenceless and sleeping, murdering and maiming the aged and infirm, and robbing the poor and industrious negro of his toil-won earnings.
The negroes of the devoted section have nearly all abandoned their dwellings, nearly every alternate house, amounting perhaps to over a hundred, bearing the deprecatory sign “ To let.” A large body of them crossed the Delaware on Thursday afternoon, and formed a sort of bivouac in the fields. Others have come into the city, and had every kindness extended to them by the public; but hundreds are houseless. The forlorn state of these poor creatures is truly pitiable. Their little property is totally lost, and many were driven from their dwellings, with their children, almost without a rag of clothing; their persons lacerated by the violence of the bloodhounds. The season is fortunately in their favour, or they would have perished miserably on Wednesday night. As in New York, subscriptions should be taken up for their relief, the more liberally and speedily, as the outrages in New York did not, in the three eventful nights of that city, do half the mischief that was effected here in one-a disgraceful pre-eminence in cold-blooded villany, from which