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the evidence in the various cases, as it has very little influence on the verdict. The following placards were exhibited in Court a few days since, as specimens of those freely. circulated both before and after the demolition of the convent. The last is a sample of the means used to operate on the witnesses, &c. :
TO THE SELECT MEN OF CHARLESTOWN. “ Gentlemen,–It is currently reported that a mysterious affair has lately happened at the Nunnery in Charlestown. Now it is your duty, gentlemen, to have this affair investigated immediately; if not, the Truckmen of Boston will demolish the Nunnery on Thursday night. “ Boston, Aug. 9, 1834."
TO THE SELECT MEN OF CHARLESTOWN. “Gentlemen,-Unless there is a legal investigation of the Nunnery affair by Thursday night, August 14, it will be demolished by the Truckmen of Boston. Take notice, and govern yourselves accordingly."
GO A-HEAD! " To arms ! To arms! Ye brave and free, the avenging sword unshield! Leave not one stone upon another of that cursed Nunnery that prostitutes female virtue and liberty under the garb of holy religion! When Buonaparte opened the Nunnery in Europe he found cords of infant skulls !!”
Printed-posted up on the old Charlestown bridge :
“ All persons giving information in any shape, or testifying in Court against any one concerned in the late affair at Charlestown, may expect assassination, according to the oath which bound the party to each other.”
Fears are entertained of an attack upon the establishment at Roxbury, now occupied by the Lady Superior, but preparations have been made to give the cowardly ruffians a warm reception in case of an attempt to carry their threats into execution.
A night-watch has been instituted and other precautions taken.
DISGRACEFUL. The Boston Transcript of Tuesday says "The friends of good order will feel humiliated at the knowledge that the American flag was floating yesterday over the ruins of the Ursuline convent at Charles. town.'
A FEW CASES OF LYNCH-LAW OUTRAGES.
From the Lexington (Ky.) Intelligencer. A MR. SHARKEY, cousin of the chief justice of our State, and highly respectable, incurred the displeasure of Madison county, because, as a magistrate, he had caused the discharge of some suspected men in the custody of a guard from Madison. The next night the same guard, being reinforced, came down to take Sharkey. He prepared himself for them, and killed one leader, wounded another, and killed and wounded two horses of the assailing party. He escaped that night, and next morning gave himself up to a party of his friends, who carried him to Clinton, I was in the room where he fought from, and the casement of the window, the bed-clothes, the pillow, chairs, and walls of the room were literally riddled. A charge of buck-shot rent the pillow upon which the head of his child was placed. His wife, before the attack commenced, ran into another room, leaving her child asleep in the arms of her husband. He fought like a hero until he discharged all his weapons, and had his right hand cut off by a shot. He would fire, and then throw clothes and pillows over his babe. When the assailants retreated, he then fled himself. The Madison folks now swear they will have him, and the people of Hinds are resolved to defend him. Should an attack be made, a civil war must ensue. When I left Hinds the citizens were arming and rallying in his defence.
From the Boston Mercantile.
THE VICKSBURG TRAGEDY. A sort of semi-official account of the bloody affray at Vicksburg is published, which appears to confirm the details before given, though its object is to smooth the affair over, and palliate its atrocities. Vicksburg is undoubtedly the modern Sodom. A gentleman, who recently visited it, gives us such information in relation to the character of its citizens as would hardly be credited without the shocking example before us. While he was there two men were murdered in the night. In the morning our traveller asked the Mayor if he did not intend to adopt vigorous measures to bring the perpetrators to justice. "No," said he " it will not do. It might cost me my own life. I dare not move. Horrible state of society! The annals of the most barbarous ages can scarcely furnish its parallel. What is our country coming to? Where sleeps the thunders of the law? What palsy has smitten the arm of justice? And what protection will there be, ere long, for the preservation of life or property, if these outrages continue.
copy the following account of a murder committed on an unarmed prisoner in gaol from the Advocate of Liberty, Mississippi :
On Tuesday last a man, by the name of Krenshaw, who had broken gaol in Natchez, and who was strongly suspected of being one of that horrid clan denominated Murrelites, was arrested at Fort Adams, and there, by a justice of the peace, was ordered to be committed to the gaol in Woodville. Before commitment had been executed, Krenshaw, it seems, was wrested from the officer into whose custody he had been committed, and by a number of citizens conveyed to the suburbs of the village, where the prisoner would soon have fell a victim to our modern mode of punishing Murelites, but for the intervention of the Circuit Court then in session. Krenshaw was then, by the Court, ordered under a guard to the Woodville gaol. Having been informed that Krenshaw had visited Woodville for the express purpose of taking the life of Dr. Webb, of that county, who was an important witness on the part of the State against Hunter (another supposed Murrelite), the Doctor on Wednesday found access to the gaol, and shot Krenshaw through the body, the ball entering the left breast, and making its lodgment in the region of the back-bone. The last accounts state that Krenshaw was still alive, but his recovery was thought doubtful.
From the Pennsylvanian,
THE LAW IN THE FAR WEST,
A MAN by the name of Patrick O'Connor committed murder on the 25th of May, in the neighbourhood of Dubuque's mines. An inquest was held over the body of the deceased, and a verdict given that he came to his death by O'Connor's hands. O'Connor was immediately arrested by the miners, and on the next day after the commission of the murder he was tried by a jury of twelve men, who unanimously found him guilty, and sentenced him to be hung on the 20th day of June. Prior to that day a meeting of the citizens was held, a Sheriff appointed, committees selected to superintend the execution and the burial, and to raise funds for the purposes, and a guard was chosen. At the appointed time the prisoner was conducted from his prison to the place of execution, surrounded by a volunteer guard. He was placed on a cart, the fast to the gallows, and, the cart being driven away, he was left suspended. During the execution, every coffee-house was closed, and ardent spirits was sold until the execution was over.
All this was done without the authority of written law, and yet full and ample justice was done. The state of society in that part of the west is almost a state of nature; but there are none who will not justify the course of the people at Dubuque's mines in bringing a murderer to justice.
From the Louisville Journal.
THE JUSTICE OF JUDGE LYNCH.
A few days ago a sum of money was stolen near Kosciusko, Mississippi. A black girl, who professed to know all about the circumstances,
charged a respectable white person with being the thief. Upon her testimony the citizens seized him, tied him to a tree, and " lynched” him with extreme severity. During the operation, a man named Parker stood looking on, and exclaiming “Give it to him! He has the money! He is the thief, and will soon confess it!” The lynchers found, however, after nearly killing their victim, that he would not confess anything, and he was at length released, torn, bleeding, and unable to stand. A few hours afterwards suspicion began to rest upon Parker himself, who, on being tied to the same tree, roared out “ I have the money !" The whole sum was found in his possession, and that of the wench on whose false testimony the innocent man had been so mutilated.
This occurrence should be a memorable lesson to all who are disposed to take the vengeance of the law into their own hands. The atrocious practice of " lynching” deserves to be stamped with the indignation of men and the wrath of God. Every actor in the bloody tragedy at Kosciusko should at once be driven forth an exile from society and all its sympathies.
From the Alexandria Gazette. THERE has lately been some" lynching" of some shopkeepers on the road between this and Manchester, for selling whiskey to and harbouring negroes. Each of the lynched received about one hundred lashes. One of them has taken refuge here, but has received notice to quit the State. Many of our citizens are opposed to this practice, and are resolved to maintain the supremacy of the laws. They have determined, therefore, to resist the illegal attempts of the lynchers.
LYNCH IN NEW YORK.
The subjoined notice was extensively circulated throughout the city of New York on Sunday last, for the infamous purpose of causing a riot in a church!
“ Sunday Morning, April 9. “The people of the City and County of New York, by the grace of God, free and independent: Know ye, that under and by virtue of the power and authority vested, I, Judge Lynch, will hold a Court of Inquiry, this (Sunday) evening, at seven o'clock, at the Chatham-street Chapel, for the trial of one Jedediah Burchard. I therefore command you, and each of you, my trusty and worthy officers, be and appear
in your proper persons, to hiss down said Burchard, but on no account to injure the person of him, or the person
one Martin. "“ Given under my hand and seal, this 9th day of April, 1837,
“ Judge Lynch.” The Courier and Enquirer says:
“ Several of these notices were sent to Justice Lownds, the magistrate on duty at the Police Office for the day, who promptly acted upon them, and ordered a posse of officers there, and to his promptness and decision, as well as to the energy of the officers, is to be attributed the general quiet which prevailed throughout.
“ These bills must have been more extensively. circulated than would appear by the letter to the Mayor, for at a very early hour the building was crowded from floor to ceiling. The meeting was opened in the usual manner, by Mr. Martin. On the rising of Mr. Burchard, stamping and clapping commenced, but that did not deter him, as he went on in his sermon unabashed and unawed. Throughout his sermon noises of all kinds were heard, both within and without the building, as hundreds were standing outside the building unable to gain admittance. Nothing more serious than noises of all kinds occurred through the evening, and the meeting dispersed without having carried into effect any of the laws of the omnipotent judge."
MORE LYNCH LAW,
The New York Daily Advertiser says: “We understand that a letter from New Orleans, received in this city, mentions that another instance of punishment under the sentence of a Lynch Court had been inflicted in that city upon a physician, who was first severely flogged, and then had one of his ears cut off. What was the specific offence with which he was charged we were not informed.”
A NATCHEZ paper, wishing to reprobate the murderous affrays which are of such frequent occurrence in Mississippi, uses the subjoined energetic language:
“ The fact is, these barbarous affrays have becomie entirely too frequent; and if Mississippi considered it worth while to acquire or keep a character abroad, she must put an end to them at once. That these things should be longer allowed in a civilized community is perfectly ridiculous."
Our Mississippi cotemporary must have singular notions of the ridiculous, if he considers that word strong enough to apply to the toleration of such murderous practices as are carried on with impunity in his neighbourhood; or else its import is very different there from what it is in this section of the country. If public opinion in Mississippi will not warrant more emphatic language than this, there is, we fear, but little probability that the system of individual lynching is likely to be soon suppressed.
The extent to which this practice obtains in Mississippi may be gathered from the fact that it is asserted in a Natchez paper of the 2d instant, that within a few days no less than eight homicides had taken place in various parts of the State. One of these was the killing of a young man, in Vicksburg, by his own father, who shot him through the heart !
ATROCIOUS OUTRAGE IN THE CIVILIZED STATE OF NEW YORK. The following particulars of the recent revolting and atrocious outrage at Orville, New York, are from the Albany Evening Journal of Thursday last :
The wife of Tyler, who was sent about a year since to the State Prison, was left residing at Orville. It was rumoured, during the fall,