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FROM THE TEXT OF THE CORRECTED COPY
LEFT BY THE LATE
GEORGE STEEVENS, Esq.
GLOSSARY, AND NOTES,
AND A SKETCH OF
THE LIFE OF SHAKSPEARE
IN TWO VOLUMES.
ANDRUS, JUDD, & FRANKLIN.
LIFE OF SHAKSPEARE.
WILLIAM SHAKSPEARE was born at Strat- the performance. But in whatever situation no ford-upon-Avon, in Warwickshire, on the 230 day was first employed at the theatre, he appears to of April, 1564. His family was above the vulgar have soon discovered those talents which afterwards rank. His father, John Shakspeare, was a con- made him sivrable dealer in wool, and had been an officer of the corporation of Stratford. He was likewise
"Tl'applause, delight, tho wonder, of our stage." a justice of the peace, and at one time a man of Some distinction he probably first acquired as cons.derable property. This last, however, ap- an actor, but no character has been discovered pears to have been lost by some means, in the latter in which he appeared to more advantage than in part of his life. His wife was the daughter and that of the Ghost in Hamlet : and the best critics heiress of Robert Arden, of Wellington, in the and inquirers into his life are of opinion, that he county of Warwick, by whom he had a family or was not eminent as an actor. In tracing the chroten children.
Inology of his plays, it has been discovered, that
Romeo and Juliet, and Richard II. and III., were Our illustrious poet was the eldest son, and was printed in 1597, when he was thirty-three years educated, probably, at the free-school of Stratford : old. There is also some reason to think that he but from this he was soon removed, and placed in commenced a dramatic writer in 1592, and Mr. the office of some country attorney. The exact Malone even places his first play, the First Part of amount of his education has been long a subject|Henry VI., in 1589. of controversy. It is generally agreed, that he did not enjoy what is usually termed a literary educa-l His plays were not only popular, but approved lion; but he certainly knew enough of Latin and by persons of the higher order, as we are certain French to introduce scraps of both in his plays, that he cnjoyed the gracious favour of Queen Eliwithout blunder or impropriety.
zabeth, who was very fond of the stage; the pa
tronage of the Earl of Southampton, to whom he When about eighteen years old, he married dedicated some of his poems; and of King James, Anne Hathaway, who was eight years older than who wrote a very gracious letter to him with his himself. His conduct soon after this marriage was own hand, probably in return for the compliment not very correct. Being detected with a gang or Shakspeare had paid to his majesty in the tragedy deer-stealers, in robbing the park of Sir Thomas of Macbeth. It may be added, that his uncomLucy, of Charlecote, near Stratford, he was obliged mon merit, his candour, and good nature, are supLo leave his family and business, and take shelter posed to have procured him the admiration and in London.
acquaintance of every person distinguished for such
Iqualities. It is not difficult, indeed, to trace, that He was twenty-two years of age when he arrived Shakspeare was a man of humour, and a social in London, and is said to have made his first accompanion; and probably excelled in that species quaintance in the play-house. Here his necessities or minor wit, not ill adapted to conversation, of obliged him to accept the office of call-boy, or which it could have been wished he had been more prompter's attendant; who is appointed to give the sparing in his writings. performers notice to be ready, as often as the busiless of the play requires their appearance on the How long he acted, has not been discovered ; but stage. According to another account, far less he continued to write till the year 1614. During probable, his first employment was to wait at the his dramatic career, he acquired a property in the door of the play-house, and hold the horses of those theatre, which he must have disposed of when he who had no strants, that they might be ready after retired, as no mention of it occurs in his will. The
latter part of his life was spent in easc, retirement, igentlemen of the neighbourhood; and here he is and the conversation of his friends. He had accu- thought to have written the play of Twelsh Night. puated considerable property, which Gildon (in He died on his birth-day, Tuesday, April 23, 1616, his Leiters and Essays) stated to annount to 3001. when he had exactly completed his fifty-second per ann. a sum equal to 10001. in our days. But year; and was buried on the north side of the chane Mr. Malone doubts whether all his property cel, in the great church at Stratford, where a monu. amounted to inuch more than 200l, per ann, which ment is placed in the wall, on which he is repreyet was a considerable fortune in those times; and sented under an arch, in a sitting posture, a cushion it is supposed, that he miglit have derived 2001. an- spread before him, with a pen in his right hand, nually from the theatre, while he continued to act. and his les rested on a scroll of paper. The sol.
lowing Latin distich is engraved under the cushion: He retired some years beforc his death to a
Judicio Pylium, genio Socratem, arte Maronem, house in Stratford, of which it has been thought Terra tegit, populus meret, Olympus habel. important to give the history. It was built by Sir Perhaps we should read Sophoclem, instead of Soo Hugh Clopton, a younger brother of an ancient anto
cien cratem. Underneath are the following lines : family in that neighbourhood. Sir Hugh was
Stay, passenger, why dost thou go so fast? sherifi of London in the reign of Richard III. and
Read, if' thou canst, whom cnvious death has plac'd 'lord mayor in that of Henry VII. By his will hel
Within this monuincnt: Shakspeare, with whom bequeathed to his elder brother's son his manor of Quick nature died; whose name doth deck the tomb Clopton, &c. and his house by the naine of the
Far more than cost : since all that he hath writ
Loaves living art but page to serve his wit. Great House in Stratford. A good part of the
Obiit ano. Dni. 1616, estate was in possession of Edward Clopton, Esq.! and Sir Hush Clopton, kint, in 1733. The prin
Æt. 53, die 23 Apri.
We have not any account of the malady whico, cipal estate had been sold out of the Clopton family. for above a century, at the time when Shakspeare,
at no very advanced age, closed the liic and labecame the purchaser, who, having repaired and
bours of this unrivalled and incomparable genius. modelled it to his own mind, changed the name to
The only notice we have of his person is from New Place, which the mansion-house afterwards
Aubrey, who says, “He was a handsome wellerected, in the room of the poet's house, retained
shaped man;" and adds, “verie good company, for many years. The house and lands belonging
and of a verie ready and pleasant and smooth wit.' to it continued in the possession of Shakspeare's! His family consisted of two daughters, and a son descendants to the time of the Restoration, when named Hamnet, who died in 1596, in the twelfth they were re-purchased by the Clopton family. year of his age. Susannah, the eldest daughter, Here, in May, 1742, when Mr. Garrick, Mr. Mach- and her father's favourite, was married to Dr. John lin, and Mr. Delane, visited Stratford, they were all, a physician, who died Nov. 1635, aged 60. hospitably entertained under Shakspeare's mul- Mrs. Hall died July 11, 16-19, aged 66. They lost berry-trce, by Sir Hugh Clopon, who was a bar- only one child, Elizabeth, boru 1607-8, and married rister, was knighted by George I. and dicd in the April 22, 1626, to Thomas Nashe, esq. who died in soth year of his age, 1751. His executor, about 1647; and afterwards to Sir John Barnard, of the year 1752, sold New Place to the Rev. Mr. Abington in Northamptonshire, but died without Gastrel, a man of large fortune, who resided in it issue by either husband. Judith, Shakspeare's but a few ycars, in consequence of a disagreement youngest daughter, was married to Alr. Thomas wiin the inhabitants of Stratford. As he resided Quiney, and died Feb. 1661-2, in her 77th year, part of the year at Litchfield, he thought he was By Mr. Quiney she had three sons, Shakspeare, assessed too highly in the monthly rate towards the Richard, and Thomas, who all died unmarried. maintenance of the poor, and being opposed, he The traditional story of Shakspeare having been peevishly declared, that thai house should never the father of Sir William Davenant, has been gebe assessed again; and soon afterwards pulled it nerally discreditol. down, sold the matcrials, ard left the town. Ilcl From these imperfect notices, * which are all had some time before cut down Shakspeare's mul- we have been able to collect from the labours or berry-tree, to save limself the trouble of showing his biographers and commentators, our readers it to visitors. That Shakspeare planted this tree will perceive that less is known of Shakspeare appears to be sufficiently authenticated. Where than of almost any writer who has been considera New Place stood is now a garden.
1 The first regular attempt at a life of Shakspeare is pro During Shakspeare's abode in this house, he fixed to Mr. A. Chalmer's variorum edition, published in 1802 cnjoyed the acquaintance and friendship of the lot' which we have availed ourselves in the above Sketch