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amongst the C. favosa, but it differs from them in having its transverse septa not arched, and its connecting pores are placed in the edges of the prismatic tubes. The points mentioned by Goldfuss as being in the angles of the septa are not visible in our specimen.
It is siliceous and occurs in Perry county. 106. Calamopora hemispherica, nobis.
The fossil to which I have applied the name of hemispherica occurs, so far as I have been able to observe, only in hemispherical masses. is formed of tubes of such size that nine of them, placed the one next to the other, will occupy half an inch; they radiate from the centre towards the circumference. In the interior of the mass they are internally and externally prismatic, but the upper surface is generally so much incrusted, that their oral apertures have no regular shape. Some of these tubes (on water worn masses) project here and there, and are then internally as well as externally cylindrical, and not connected together; they may be mistaken for syringopora. The transverse septa are flat, and the connecting pores placed in the middle of the sides.
They are siliceous, and occur in mountain limestone rarely in Perry county, but are of more frequent occurrence on the falls of the Ohio in Kentucky.
107. Calamopora Spongites, Goldf.
This variety, which I discovered in a stratum of indurated clay, which sometimes replaces the aluminous slate, has a dish-shaped form; it is composed of very small tubes, the oral apertures of which, when seen with the naked eye, seem to be round pores, but when magnified they appear angular, mostly hexagonal. No connecting pores are visible. The lower surface is irregular, composed of concentric wrinkles laying next or partly above one another.
It is calcareous. I observed above that it was found in a stratum of indurated clay which sometimes replaces the aluminous slate. This clay contains merely a trace of carbonate of lime amongst its constituents, and the fossil is calcareous. I found similar fossils at the same place but about eight or ten feet lower, in a stratun of compact limestone; this was entirely changed into silex and covered with those flowery siliceous concretions so common in our siliceous fossils. It occurs near the tunnel on the Harpeth river Davidson county.
I discovered the same in Perry county. The shape of these is more regular, they seem to have formed extensive flat, thin masses, (one by twelve inches,) they are sometimes not more than half an inch in thickness; the tubes are not fitted as in the specimens in the former locality," and are more irregular, sometimes compressed, sometimes circular. They are siliceous.
I found some in the latter place which had their tubes prismatic, hexagonal, and larger than the C. spongites generally is.
103. Calamopora maxima, nobis.
It occurs in hemispherical masses composed of prismatic tubes with irregular sides, diverging from the centre towards the circumference,
The connecting pores are invisible, the transverse septa level. This species has the largest tubes I have met with, four of them occupy the space of 1 1-0 inches.
It is siliceous and occurs in the vicinity of Nashville in mountain limestone.
109. Columnaria sulcata, Goldf.
The fossil which I consider as C. sulcata is composed of parallel tubes, which are almost straight, placed close to one another. Judging from the siliceous core which is yet in some of the tubes; it seems that in its live state it had star lamella; this being the case, they ought to have been visible on the sides of the tubes; this is not the case, they have disappeared, and it now forms only prismatic tubes. Occurs near Nashville.
110. Columnaria divergens, nobis.
The characters of the genus Columnaria laid down by Goldfuss are prismatic, parallel tubes which lie close to one another. The inside of ihese tubes is furnished with star lamellae, having no transverse septa nor connecting tubes.
Qur species resembles more or less the C. sulcata, but it differs from it in having its star lamellæ joined in the centre. The tubes diverge and in proportion as they extend new ones spring forth from their sides. It forms sheaf-shaped races.
It is calcareous and occurs in the mountain limestone near Nashville. lll. Sarcinula costa ta, Goldf.
It is formed of straight, more or less radiating tubes, which are longitudinally striated and are connected icgether by, transverse lamellæ.
'It is of rare occurrence in the mountain limestone in Perry county, associated with Astrea orcsa.
112. Scyphia Neesi, Golf.
The remains now under examination resemble more or less the S. Neesii, but they differ from it in some particulars. They form thin covers or expansions from one-tenth to one-sixth of an inch in thickness, perforated with irregularly rounded holes, which are placed in such manner as to give io the surface a reticulated appearance.When magnified we perceive that the separations between these holes are perforated with small pores, which give it the appearance of a Retepora.
Calcareous, from the mountain limestone in Perry county. 113. Scyphia Stellata, nobis. This fossil resembles in its external appearance the S. Neesii, but when magnified we perceive instead of pores, as in the preceding species small furrows which radiate in an irregular manner from the apertures, and give it therehy a stellated appearance. Over the surface run some delicate ramifications of Aulopora serpens,
Siliceous from the mountain limestone in Perry county. 111. Manon Peziza, Goldf.
Dish-shaped expansions which are irregularly rounded, concave below and convex above; the upper surface is covered with round pores only visible when magnified.
It occurs in a stratum of mountain limestone entirely composed of bivalve shells mostly belonging to spirifer, and of some small rings, which must have belonged to some species of Encrinite.
It is composed of flabelliform flat extensions. In its live state, per"haps more extensions than one proceeded from the same base, their rudiments being still visible near it. It is covered with oval pores, which run in a more or less oblique direction from the root. It is at the same time covered with warty elevations, which are regularly scattered over its surface. On the opposite side the same oval apertures are visible, but the warty elevations here form depressions.
The Escharia does not seem to have been found in any old strata, nor is this to be wondered at when we take into consideration the delicate construction of these bodies which must be broken by any pres
Defrance mentions the chalk as the oldest strata in which they are found, and according to him they are also found in strata posterior to the chalk. My species is different from any I have found described.
It occurs in a stratum of granular mountain limestone about two and a half miles from Nashville, associated with sedgments of Encrinites, Orthoceratite, producti and others.
116. Escharia reticulata, nobis.
In its generic characters it resembles the preceding species, being a thin flabelliform expansion composed of small oval pores; but instead of the warty elevations or tubercules of the preceding, it has perforating holes which give it a reticular appearance. These holes which are irregularly round, approaching to oval, run in a more or less oblique direction from the root, and more regularly placed than the tubercules on the preceding species. Its size is like the preceding, about two inches square, and forms a beautiful object. It is found with the preceding. They are both calcareous. >
"On motion of Mr. Jones of Lincoln, it was ordered that one thousand copies of the foregoing report be printed for the use of the Senate.
A Bill from the House of Representatives for the relief of A. M. Rogers, late Sheriff and collector of Hamilton county, was read a third time and passed with an amendment-ayes 22, noes 1.
The ayes and noes being required by the constitution, the affirmative voters were
Messrs. Anderson, Ashe, Brown, Frey, Gaines, Gillespy, Ilardwicke, Jennings, Jones of Hickman, Jones of Lincoln, Laughlin, Love, Marshall, Reneau, Sevier, Smith, Terry, Walton, Warner, Wheeler Yoakum and Speaker Coe-22.
Mr. Balch voting in the negative l. And so said bill passed its third reading, and was ordered to be trans, mitted to the House of Representatives.
Mr. Laughlin moved the printing of two hundred additional copies of the report of Dr. Gerard Troost, Geologist, &c. of the State.
And thereupon the question was had, and determined in the affirmative-ayes 15, noes 9. The ayes and noes being demanded, those who voted in the affirmative were
Messrs. Ashe, Brown, Gaines, Gillespy, Jennings, Jones of Lincoln, Laughlin, Love, Marshall, Sevier, Smith, Terry, Walton, Yoakum and Speaker Coe-15. Those who voted in the negative were,
Messrs. Aiken, Anderson, Balchi, Frey, Ilardwicke, Jones of Hickman, Reneau, Warner and Wheeler-9.
And so said motion prevailed.
A Bill to authorize the county court of Lincoln county to grant the privilege of building mills and factories in certain cases, which was read a first time and passed.
The Senate resumed the consideration of the bill to preserve the purity of elections.
Mr. Yoakum's amendment of yesterday was taken up and read, and the sense of the Senate being thereon had, it was adopted as part of the bill.
Mr. Laughlin thereupon offered an amendment in lieu of the whole from the words “a bill.'
To which Mr. Warner offered the following as an amendment thereto, to wit:
“Provided citizens residing in fractions of new counties shall be deemed and considered as residing in the county from which such fraction is taken, until the next apportionment of Representation.” Said amendment was accepted.
Mr. Jones of Lincoln moved further to amend the said amendment by adding thereto the following, to wit:
Be it enacted, That any person who shall vote more than once in any election held in pursuance of the constitution and laws of this State, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction shall be fined at the discretion of the court, not exceeding fifiy dollars, and may be imprisoned not exceeding three months.
Which amendment was also accepted-ayes 13, noes 10.
The ayes and noes being demanded, those who voted in the affirmative were
Messrs. Aiken, Gillespy, Jones of Hickman, Jones of Lincoln, Laughlin, Marshall, Reneau, Sevier, Walton, Warner, Wheeler, Yoakum and Speaker Coe-13.
Those who voted in the negative were,
Messrs. Anderson, Ashe, Balch, Brown, Frey, Gaines, Hardwicke, Jennings, Love and Terry--10.
And so said amendment was accepted.
Mr. Jennings thereupon offered the following as an amendment to the said amendment of Mr. Laughlin to wit:
Judges of elections shall be authorized to administer oaths to ascer
tain the qualifications or right of any person who may offer his vote at any election. And if any person shall offer his vote and none of the judges shall know that he is qualified or authorized to vote, or if bis vote be objected to by any candidate, or other citizen of this State, it shall be the duty of the judges, or some one of them, to administer an oath or affirmation to such person in the following form or to the following effect: You do solemnly swear or affirm (as the case may be) that you will true ansavers make to such questions as may be asked you touching your qualifications or right to vote at the present electionSo help you God. The judges of the election shall then ask the person offering to vote the following questions: Are you a citizen of the State of Tennessee? are you twenty-one years of age? do you reside in the county of (the county where he offers to vote:) and have you resided in said county six months next preceding or next before this day, or the day of holding this election? have you voted at any other time or place at this election? Which questions being asked and answered, and any others the judges may think material to ascertain the qualifications of the person offering to vote-If the judges shall be satisfied that such person is a citizen of the State—that he is twenty-one years old--that he has resided in the county wherein he may offer his vote six months next preceding the day of the election, and that he has not before voted at the same election, and that he is otherwise a qualified voter, the judges shall thereupon receive his vote. But before they receive his vote, if they have any reason to suspect that the applicant to vote has sworn falsely, they may swear and examine any by-stander about the right and qualifications of such person to vote.
And the question being thereon had, it was determined in the negativemayes 12, noes 13. The ayes and noes being demanded, those who voted in the affirmative were
Messrs. Anderson, Ashe, Brown, Frey, Gaines, Jennings, Marshall, Reneau, Sevier, Terry, Walton and Yoakum–12.
The negative voters were,
Messrs. Aiken, Balch, Gillespy, Hardwicke, Jones of Hickman, Jones of Lincoln, Laughlin, Love, Smith, Turney, Warner, Wheeler and Speaker Coe-13.
And so said amendment was rejected.
Mr. Yoakum thereupon offered the following as an amendment to the said amendment of Mr. Laughlin, to wit:
Be it enacted, That in all prosecutions for the offence of betting on elections, no prosecutor shall
be required, but the same shall be put upon the same footing as the offence of ordinary gaming,
And the sense of the Senate being thereon had, it was determined in the affirmative.
Mr. Gillespy moved the indefinite postponement of the said bill and amendment.
And thereupon the question was had and determined in the negative---ayes 9, noes 16. The aves and noes being demanded, those who voted in the affirmative were