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miracles, they appear to have had respect to the health and happiness of man's physical system. The figure itself must have been of importance to the body, or else it never would have been chosen to represent things of importance to the soul.
It may be objected, that other books, as well as those of the Jews, give rules for living. They do; and many of them, instead of being calculated to promote health and longevity, have a manifestly direct tendency to breed disease, and scatter the arrows of death.
The heathen may be very punctual in attending to their ablutions, and then immediately bedaub their bodies with filth. Though all men acknowledge the duty of regarding the laws of physical health, yet the fact cannot escape the notice of the most ordinary observer, that all heathen are entirely regardless of such rules. Not a moment of time, a particle of ingenuity, or a copper of expense, is ever expended by the Hindoos, in securing their community against disease. Precautions against contagions, such as cleanliness of habit and vaccination, are almost entirely confined to those who have the Bible, and yet all men pronounce it a duty to care for the healthiness of the body.
Those who have made the human body the study of life, have been struck with the wonderful machinery, and the wisdom it exhibits. It is said that GALEN, though a pagan, on examining the different parts of the human body and their disposition, "fell on his knees, in humble adoration of the wisdom with which the whole is contrived; and was excited to challenge any one, after a hundred years study, to tell how the least particle could have been more commodiously placed, either for use or beauty.”
9. The Bible teaches that man was formed to exercise dominion over all inferior nature. Now, it is not simply man's mind, that gives him power over all the brute creation—it is his mind placed within a body of wonderful adaptation.
In some respects, man is naturally inferior to his subjects. He has not the strength, nor the fleetness of the horse; his sense of sight is not like that of the eagle; his smell is not as keen as that of the dog; nor is he such a geometrician and architect, as the bee and the spider. His reason, however, enables him to take advantage from the instinct of the beast, for the enlargement of his own skill.
But plaee the human mind within the body of any one of the brute creation, and man would be illy prepared to continue his reign over inferior nature.
What could compensate for the loss of the human hand? There is no organ or instinct to be found amongst the animal creation, and no intellectual endowment to be found amongst men, that could possibly make up for the deficiency. Neither is possession of the human hand, the only qualification of man for his high station as lord of the world. His erect position, the location of his eye, his capability of living on a much greater variety of food, and of living in a greater variety of climate than any other animal, seem to say that his Creator intended him as the world's governor. Man is found alike in the Arctic circles, and under the equator, and supporting the widely different degrees of atmospheric pressure, both in low valleys and on lofty table lands ten thousand feet high, and is capable of living on the productions of the clime he inhabits, whether it be the blubber of
the Northern seal, or the oranges and cocoa-nuts of the torrid zone. The monkey, the animal most resembling man, in physical structure, differs more widely from him, than any other, in his capability to accommodate himself to different climes and diet.
In concluding this discourse, we will remark
1. Man's physical nature, when interrogated, tells a tale which perfectly accords with certain declarations of the Bible. This, we think, has sufficiently appeared in the remarks that have been made.
2. We should bear in mind, that the Bible no where pretends to philosophize on man's physical system. All the information it gives on this subject, is mere historic fact or incidental allusion, and yet all that is said perfectly accords with the standard, by which its truthfulness must be tested. If, therefore, the standard, the body itself, be true, the Bible is true.
TRUTH OF THE BIBLE EVINCED BY THE HUMAN
WHAT IS MAN, THAT THOU ART MINDFUL OF Him?—Psalms: 8:4.
In our last lecture, it was our object to show that man's physical nature gives a testimony to the Bible; it is now our purpose to prove that a testimony no less clear and convincing, is given by the mental nature. The human mind, when properly interrogated, and its true responses are obtained, utters a language that perfectly coincides with. the Bible.
Let us enquire first, what does the Bible teach respecting: the human mind.
1. The Bible teaches that man has a mind, entirely distinct from the body. His body was formed dust, from the ground. It still remains dust, and must return to dust. But respecting his higher nature it is said, " the Lord God breathed into man the breath of life, and man became a living soul.” Jeremiah says—the Lord “made us this soul ;” and Zachariah says—he formed the spirit of man within him." In fact, it is on the presumption that man
possesses an intelligent soul, that a revelation has been committed to his care.
Our own judgment teaches that our bodies must die, but that the soul will survive death. We have within us something that thinks, feels, wills, and longs for immortality. If asked how we know we possess such a principle, we reply; we are conscious of it. Consciousness is to the soul, what the eye is to the body. We no more stand in need of proof that we can think, feel, or will, than we do that we can see, taste or smell, and we are as conscious that our souls are as well adapted to immortality, as we are that the eye is adapted to seeing or the ear to hearing.
2. The Bible teaches that this mind is the image of God. “God created man in his own image.” For thou hast made him a little lower than the Angels, or as reads the Hebrew,
TO DIFFER BUT LITTLE FROM God." James says
"Men are made after the similitude of God." It is on account of this similitude, which is found in the intellectual and moral natures of man, that the Scriptures denominate God the Father of all. He is the father of the wicked, because they as his offspring still retain something of his image.
But what is the testimony of the human mind in relation to itself? Has it not in all ages and nations claimed this relationship with God ? “ We are his offspring,” is the high claim of mankind. All men desire to know something of God, and all have their method of addressing him by prayer. We reason as God reasons, or else the astronomer could draw no conclusions, referring to the future, from the planets, upon which he could confidently rely; and