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buman action, and vice may show its deformity in the wicked deeds of its votaries. The story of Washington's truthfulness as a boy and patriotism as a man, of Joseph's forgiveness of his brothers, of Solomon's choice of wisdom rather than riches, of Grace Darling's heroism, of Lyon's bravery and Ellsworth's piety, will at once enlighten the judgment and inspire the heart. And let the pupil's conscience be trained to correct knowledge of right and wrong by a skillful questioning upon the resonableness and rectitude of the different examples given, or upon any of the common actions of life. The great moral sentiments of love and truth, love of industry, love of country, love of mankind, and love of God, should be as often as possible awakened in the heart, and opportunities be frequently contrived for the exercise of the virtues of benevolence, temperance, self control, patience, charity, justice, forbearance, for giveness, kindness, fortitude, &c. In their exercise the pupil would learn their value and strengthen their power over him. By means such as these daily pursued, the moral nature of the child will gradually unfold itself into settled principles of goodness, and be established in permanent habits of virtue.

Our schools, adding this high moral culture to the intellectual training which they are beginning to conduct with so much skill, will crown their pupils with a better than a laurel wreath, and will give to society and the State citizens whose virtues and intelligence will carry the great Republic along its pathway of empire and wealth, and work out even grander proofs of the ability of mankind to govern themselves.

JOHN M. GREGORY, Superintendent of Public Instruction.

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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN.

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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN,

September 28, 1861. Hon. J. M. GREGORY, Superintendent of Public Instruciion:

DEAR SIR-I herewith present you the Twenty-Third Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the University of Michigan, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1861.

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Secretary.

REPORT OF THE BOARD OF REGENTS OF THE

UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN.

Hon. JoAN M. GREGORY, Saperintendent of Public Instruction

of the State of Michigau :

The Board of Regents of the University of said State being reqnired to make to you, officially, an annual exhibit of the affairs of the University, respectfully submit the following as their report for the year ending June 30, A. D. 1811:

The Constitution provides that the Board of Regents shall bave the general supervision of the University, and the direction and control of all expenditures from the University Interest Fund. The powers of the Board in this respect are all that the people in their sovereign capacity could confer; and the Board in the exercise of their legislative and executive functions, thus imposed, are only limited by another fundamental law, which provides that the proceeds from the sales of all lands donated to the State, or appropriated by the State for the endowment of a University, slfall be and remain a perpetual fund, the interest of which, together with the rents of all such lands as may remain unsold, shall be invioiably appropriated and annually applied to the specific object of the original gift, grant, or appropriation. The people, in the organic law as amended in the present Constitution, have not only made the Board of Regents a body corporate, in whose name alone the University can sue and be sued, but they have constituted the Board the only power directly responsible to them, for the prosperity of the University, and the faithful management of this branch of the educational interests of the State. The Regents, as a Board, legislate for the University. They are its legally

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