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- HARVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY

INGRAHAM FUND
No.883. MONDAY, JAN. 3, 1825.

THE POLITICAL EXAMINER observes the Globe and Traveller, “ is to be prosecuted by Mr. PLUNG

KETT before the Dublin Commission. Has not Mr. PLUNKETT himParty is the madness of many for the gain of a few.---Pork. self declared, that at that Commission justice is not to be obtained in

any case in which the feelings of the Orange party are concerned ?", CATHOLIC ASSOCIATION_MR. O'CONNELL. It further appears, that the Defendant has been refused a copy of the Pe can hardly believe, what some persons suspect, that the arrest of the

information against him, by which refusal he is kept in the dark as to

the partieulars of the charge on which he will be tried. The truth is, Mr. O'CONNELL was the result of a resolution, adopted by the CabiDet Council at a late meeting, to strike a blow at the Catholic leaders,

we have no doubt, that the prosecutor is ashamed to disclose the parby way of intimidation. It is not easy to suppose that Mr. CANNING

ticular report of Mr. O'CONNELL's Speech, upon which the prosecu| would acquiesce in so desperate and impolitic a determination; and

tion is founded. He delays as long as possible the discovery, that he yet it is equally difficult to believe, that the Irish ATTORNEY-GENERAL

has chosen, without enquiry, to prosecute a man on the strength of | would have volunteered, on his own responsibility, a step so hazardous

one doubtful account of a speech, doubtful, because differing from Tin itself, and so certainly destructive of his own credit with the

all the other reports. Never was there visible a greater consciousness Catholic body. In any view the affair is a puzzle; but the satisfaction

of rashness and embarrassment!' in it is, that it will inevitably end in the discomfiture of the wrong

It will be seen by the proceedings of the Catholic Association, that doers.

à committee of that body is appointed to consider the propriety of ; Every day increases one's astonishment, that such a very absurd I prosecuting the Courier, forits slanderous attacks on Maynooth College,

We earnestly hope no such prosecution will take place. Doubtless the ing, that " if the Irish should ever be goaded to madness by oppres

Courier's falsehood was gross, the spirit of its attack of the meanest sion, a BOLIVAR would not be wanting to their cause!" And the

and most disgraceful kind; but what have the Catholic Priesthood to prosecution to emanate from the official servants of a Crown bestowed | fear from slanders so easily repelled,---from calumnies which can be on the reigning dynasty by a “ Glorious Revolution," caused and

flung back with excellent effect in the hireling's teeth? An appeal to juzubed, not by oppression goading to madness, but by arbitrary prin- a court of law may be justifiable in case of private libel, where the i aples and religious bigotry! It has been shown too by a contem. injured party has no other means (because the public are not interested porary (the Globe and Traveller ) that if any conditional threat could in his individual concerns) of obtaining publicity equivalent to the be construed into sedition, Mr. PLUNKETT himself is a much greater

publicity of the charge ; but a prosecution of a public journalist, for ofender than the Orator he is now prosecuting. In the House of

comments and assertions respecting a public college, would come with Commons, on the 23d of January 1799, speaking of the then projected

a special ill grace from an Assembly possessing the power of most . Caion, the Right Hon. Gentleman said

| extensive publicity. The very debate in which the matter was brought * For my own part, I shall resist it to the last gasp of my existence,

forward, proved the needlessness of a prosecution. Mr. O'CONNELL "and with the last drop of my blood; and when I feel the hour of my triumphantly answered the Courier's statement, in a speech which will ** dissolution approaching, I will, like the father of HANNIBAL, take my be read in every corner of the kingdom--which will have far 'wider: i " children to the altar, and swear them to eternal hostility against the circulation than the misrepresentation it exposes. What harm then. invaders of their country's freedom.”

has the Courier done the Catholic clergy, that it should be prosecuted! Again, on the 15th of May 1799, he says

None, but on the contrary great good. The opportunity of exposing "I warn the Ministers of this country against persevering in their the malice and injustice of the enemies of the Catholics in one strong "present system; let them not proceed to offer further violence to the instance, is extremely valuable: it tends to weaken the effect of more ** settled principles, or to shake the settled loyalty of the country. Let insidious and mischievous articles which are put forth by the Courier,

them not persist in the wicked and desperate doctrine which places and to throw a general discredit on the intolerant 'cant of the Anti* British corinexion in contradiction to Irish prudence (quære, freedom). Catholine Tarefute a calumny, instead of to prosecute the calum. * I revere them both; for myself, I have no hesitation in saying, that IF the wanton ambition of a Minister should assault the freedom of Ireland,

niator, would be the more dignified, liberal, and judicious course, even - and compel me to the alternative between it and British connexion,

| if the law were all that it ought to be; but when its bad principles, its "I would fing that connexion to the winds, and I would clasp the inde- uncertainty, and its inconsistency (especially in what relates to libel) *pendence of my country to my heart.”

form the subject of constant and just complaint from the people, it This strong language, we should recollect, was used in relation to a

does seem a strange contradiction that a popular Body, associated for Deasure which the speaker knew was likely to be adopted, and which redress of grievances, should think of invoking that same law against į the Government maintained to be a just and wise measure;-a case

an adversary whom they can defeat and overwhelm by the more effecwidely differing from that of Mr. O'CONNELL, who merely hinted at

tual and respectable weapons of discussion and the press. But grant2 vague contingency, which the Government of course assert to be

ing that a prosecution is undecessary to vindicate Maynooth College scarcely within the limits of possibility—pamely, that it should by

(it may be said) is it not desirable and proper, that the Courier should tyranny goad the Irish people to rebellion.

be punished ? "Oh no! Not for assailing a body well able to defend Th may be said to be only an argumentum ad hominem after all, itself-not for the folly of uttering slanders which give the accused and to prove no more than that Mr. Plunkett should not be the party an opportunity of refuting them, to the discomfiture and depre. prosecutor of Mr. O'CONNELL. Unluckily for the apologists of the ciation of the libeller; and above all, not in violation of the great Law Officer, however, there is a recent case which convicts him of the principle on which the Liberty of the Press depends--namely, that Dost flagrant partiality. Just before the proceeding against the public comments on public men or institutions should be licensed Catholic leader, that outrageous member of the Church Militant, the without limitation, because public discussion itself provides ample Reverend Sir HARCOURT LEES, published in the journals a letter, from remedy for all the temporary evil it may cause, and because falsehood which the following is an extract :- ..

and slander of all kinds are sure to be abundantly punished, with a - In the event of the Irish Government not being permitted by the free press, by exposure and the consequent loss of character and coninfatuated and ignorant Cabal in his MAJESTY'S Cabinet (who have de fidence. Of all the facts established by reason and experiment, none graded the British Empire, and nearly lost Ireland by their temporizing is more certain than this that no journalist, in a country where the palicy) to adopt such immediate measures for the preservation of this discussion of public matters is entirely unshackled, can sin against wantry as the pressing exigency of the times requires; I will, at every risk, take the responsibility on myself of protecting this Island for my venerated Sovereign; and I will instantly recommend to the Protestants PLUNKETT is the reluctant instrument of a faction in power,-a supposi

. If the following paragraph from the Dublin Star be correct, Mr. cf Ulster to form a great Military Confederation. . . . . . . . . tion however, not very creditable to a man of his rank and intellect:Should this despicable Cabinet System be persevered in two months le is rumoured that some difference exists 'among the Law-officers of Inger, I will consider it to be my duty as your acknowledged Protector, to pass in review the entire Protestant force of Ulster early in March,

: the Crown respecting the late arrest of the Great Popish Advocate; and by which period I shall arrange such a military organization for the Pro-lon

there are some who affirm that the prosecution will be totally abandoned, Vince as shall render it a matter of perfect indifference to me whether Mr.

on account of a want of evidence. It may not be generally known that, Gorge Canning and the Popish Grenvilles choose to protect us or to join the

the evening of the day on which Mr. O'CONNELL used the seditious expressions for which he was afterwards arrested, he was entertained at

dinner by the ATTORNEY-GENERAL. This latter personage did all in l.' All the attendant circumstances contributs show the folly and power to prevent what hes token place—but, as the fact shows, in

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truth and social propriety without incurring inevitable and severe have been thought, we say, that all this influence and terrorism toretribution.

gether would have contributed an array of strength quite sufficient to The Courier is delighted, as might have been expected, at the idea overwhelm one poor journalist, without attempting to frighten him by of being prosecuted by the Catholic Association, and if it were only the mock terrors of the law ! that it gave the corruptionist an opportunity to use such excellent More of this, we beseech thee, good Master COURIER, when next arguments as he now brings forward, that should have prevented the any minister is arbitrary enough to attack a poor journalist with an agitation of such a measure. It is to no purpose, that the Courier has es-officio for " tending to bring into batred and contempt" the high no right to use the arguments alluded to : we all know that the Treasury and mighty of the realm ! But, in the name of all that is enlightened, tool looks only to present objects, and will turn everything it can lay dignified, and precious as principle, forbear-Friends and countrymen hold of to account, however inconsistent and out of character. And of the Catholic Association—forbear to indulge a rash impulse of good arguments will and ought to have effect, no matter by whom anger, when by so doing you enlist Reason and Justice on the side of uttered. I'm

your cruel and insidious enemies ! . We cannot help being amused nevertheless to see the thick-and-thia advocate of everything legal and official- of every stretch of arbitrary power, and every abuse that happens to be “ established" - assuming

THE WISHING-CAP. an air of patriotic resolution, and availing himself of the very reasoning which he has so often attacked and ridiculed, when used by

No. XXII. FICTION AND MATTER-OF-FACT. Liberal writers. Our readers cannot fail to be amused by a specimen

" There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio, or two : .

“ Than are dreamt of in your philosophy."-SHAKSPEARE. “ We shall not stop to illustrate the singular, yet instructive, anomaly, .A passion for these two things is supposed to be incompatible. It of a public body, held together for the avowed purpose of seeking liberty, is certainly not so ; and the supposition is founded on an ignorance of using, or attempting to use, the means it fancies itself to possess, to crush the nature of the human mind, and the very sympathies of the two that favourite liberty of all-the liberty of the press. The thing is neither strangers. Mathematical truth is not the only truth in the world. An new nor stringe."

unpoetical logician is not the only philosopher. Locke had no taste No,, ind eed, most consistent politician! There is (or was) the for fiction : he thought Blackmore as great a genius as Homer ; but Constitutio nal Association, which you lauded grievously, the express this was a conclusion he would never have come to, if he had known object of which was to take the part of the strong against the weak, his premises. Newton considered poetry as upon a par with “ inand to cru sh that “ favourite liberty of all" in a much more wholesale genious nonsense;" which was an error as great as if he had ranked mode thai 2 the Catholics can ever be guilty of. Again

himself with Tom D'Urfey, or made the apex of a triangle equal to the " Why does this blustering Association talk of prosecution ? Because base of it. Newton has had good for evil returned him by “a greater it would lain silence, by, foul, antagonists whom it cannot overcome by than himself;" for the eye of imagination sees farther than the glasses fair, mea ds."

of astronomy. I should say that the poets had praised their scorner What I foul means," most loyal disputant ? Why the law, the too much, illustrious as he is, if it were not delightful to see that there result c,f all the wisdom of our ancestors," the "envy of surrounding is at least one faculty in the world which knows how to do justice to nation s!” Ah rogue ! Can you ever talk again about calumniating all the rest. Of all the universal privileges of poetry, this is one of the the ar Iministration of justice, of libelling the purity of our legal insti- most peculiar, and marks her for what she is. The mathematician, tqtio 'ns ?-you who denounce an action at law as a “ foul means" of the schoolman, the wit, the statesman, and the soldier, may all be blind sile acing an antagonist? Or may we reckon on your aid in repro- to the merits of poetry and of one another; but the poet, by the pribar ing the next prosecution that his Majesty's ATTORNEY-GENERAL Orvilege which he possesses of recogoizing every species of truth, is th e Vice Society may undertake with a view to silence a new disciple aware of the merits of mathematics, of learning, of wit, of politics, and cf Carlile?

of generalship. He is great in his own art, and he is great in the ap« The power it dreads, it would gladly intimidate. The hope is vain : preciation of that of others. And this is most remarkable, in prothe experiment ridiculous : the principle detestable."

portion as he is a poetical poet,--a high lover of fiction. Milton brought Most true—and still more applicable to official and aristocratical the visible and the invisible together “on the top of Fiesole," to pay prosecutions than to private ones. As for example : “ the power" homage to Galileo; and the Tusean deserved it, for he had an insight (Public Opinion) "it"-(the Government- dreads, it would gladly into the world of imagination. I cannot but fancy the shade of Newintimidate." No doubt,---it does intimidate; and it richly deserves ton blushing to reflect that among the many things which he professed the reproof of the Treasury scribe : for though the experiment is un- to know not, poetry was omitted, of which he knew nothing. Great fortunately not ridiculous, when made by government, the “ principle as he was, he indeed saw nothing in the face of Nature but it's lines is” certainly “ detestable."

and colours ; not the lines and colours of passion and sentiment in*** It is the last refuge of a baffled faction, to invoke the ambiguous aid cluded, but only squares and their distances, and the anatomy of the of the law, in order to get rid, if possible, of a too formidable antagonist.” rainbow. He thought the earth a glorious planet; he knew it better • Excellent!, “A Daniel come to judgment !"

than any one else, in its connexion with other planets; and yet half “ Public questions should stand or fall by public discussion, and it

wine and it the beauty of them all, that which sympathy bestows and imagination might have been thought that the Catholic Association with its' weekly colours, was to him a blank. He took space to be the sensorium of debates, and its untired orators-its Irish Catholic, and its English radical, the Deity (so noble a fancy could be struck out of the involuntary papers-its. polluted floods of abuse in the one-its indefatigable support encounter between his intense sense of a mystery and the imagination in the other-its stipendiary advocate in the person of Mr. ENEAS M.Don. he despised !) and yet this very fancy was but an escape from the xell-and, lastly, its disinterested one in the person of Mr. O'CONNELL's horror of a vacuum, and a substitution of the mere consciousness of pet-client-would have contributed an array of strength quite sufficient |

existence for the thoughts and images with which a poet would have to overwhelm one poor journalist, without attempting to frighten him by

accompanied it. He imagined the form of the houses, and the prethe mock terrors of the law."*

sence of the builder; but the life and the variety, the paintings, the Oh that the Catholic Association should have enabled the organ

imagery, and the music, the loves and the joys, the whole riches of the of the Boroughmongers to talk thus ! Yet such language cuts double,

place, the whole riches in the distance, the creations heaped upon with a vengeance. On every occasion when a Reformer has been

creation, and the particular as well as aggregate consciousness of all prosecuted for alleged libels on the Parliament or Executive, how

this in the great mind of wiose presence he was conscious, to all this truly could it have been said " It might have been thought, that the

his want of imagination rendered him insensible. The Fairy Queen British Government, with its enormous revenue, and its extensive in

was to him a trifle; the dreams of Shakspeare “ingenious nonsense." fluence-with its myriads of civil servants, its thousands of zealous alerical advocates-its great and even dangerous command of the press

But courts were something, and so were the fashions there. When itself-its regular official scribes, and its ultra-Tory and blackguard

the name of the Deity was mentioned, he used to take off bis hat !*

There are two worlds; the world that we can measure with line assailants of the private reputations of its adversaries—with its AITORNEY and SOLICITOR-GENERAL, its special juries, its crown-appointed

• Sir Isaac Newton rejected the doctrine of the Trinity, because he judges, (not to mention the stock-purse prosecuting combinations of

could not reconcile it to his arithmetic. The French Prophels, not Dowagers and tricky Attornies) its fines, its gaols, its banishings, its being cognizable by the mathematics, were very near having him for a tremendous exaction of sureties for possible future offences --it might proselyte. His strength and his weakness were hardly equal in this dis

tinction; but one of them at least serves to show how more than conven* It is easy to see the object of the Ministerial tool in all this decla- tional his understanding was inclined to be, when taken out of it's only mation : he is labouring to cover his own disgrace by a diversion. Mr. faculty. Wonderful indeed was that facully; and I do not presume to O'Connell exposes several distinct false koods in the Courier of a very base think that any criticism of mine can be thought even invidious against it. deseription, and recommends a prosecution : the journalist writes columns I do not deny the sun, because I deny that the sun has a righi to deny about the prosecution, but says not one word in answer to the charge of the universe. I am writing upon Matter-of-Fact low myself; and Matter. al chood. Yet thiysame shufier is always crying out against the Jesuits! Jof-Fact will have me say what I do.

and rule, and the world that we feel with our hearts and imaginations. and more primitive use of the old Pagan Mythology, so long and so To be sensible of the truth of only one of these, is to know truth but mechanically abused by the Chloes and Venuses of the French? Poby halves. Milton said, that he dared be known to think Spenser litics may be thought a very unlikely cause of poetry, and it is so with a better teacher than Scotus or Aquinas. He did not say than Plato Ministers and Gazetteers; yet politics, pushed further than common, or Pythagoras, who understood the two spheres within our reach. have been the cause of the new and greater impetus given to the symBoth of these, and Milton himself, were as great lovers of physical pathies of imagination; and the more we know of any other science, and political truth as any men; but they knew it was not all; they ihe farther we see into the dominions of intellect, if we are not mere felt much beyond, and they made experiments upon more. It is slaves of the soil. A little philosophy, says Bacon, takes men away doubtful with the critics, whether Chaucer's delight in the handling from religion; a greater brings them round to it. This is the case of fictions, or in the detection and scrutiny of a piece of truth, was with the reasoning faculty and poetry. We reason to a certain point, the greater. Chaucer was a conscientious Reformer, which is a man and are content with the discovery of second causes. We reason farwho has a passion for truth; and so was Milton. So, in his way, ther, and find ourselves in the same airy depths as of old. The imawas Ariosto himself, and indeed all the great poets, part of the very gination recognizes its ancient field, and begins ranging again at perfection of their art, which is veri-similitude, being closely connected will, doubly bent upon liberty, because of the trammels with which with their sense of truth in all things. But it is not necessary to be it has been threatened. great in order to possess a reasonable variety of perception. That Take the following APOLOGUE:nobody may despair of being able to indulge the two passions toge-1 - During a wonderful period of the world, the kings of the ther, I can answer for them by my own experience. I can pass with as earth leagued themselves together to destroy all opposition, to root much pleasure as ever, from the reading of one of Hume's Essays to out, if they could, the very thoughts of mankind.' 'Inquisition was that of the Arabian Nights, and vice versa; and I think, the longer I made for blood. The ears of the grovelling lay in wait for every live, the closer, if possible, will the union grow. The roads are murmur. On a sudden, during this great hour of danger, there arose found to approach nearer, in proportion as we advance upon either; in a hundred parts of the world, a cry, to which the cry of the Blatant and they both terminate in the same prospect.

Beast was as a whisper. It proceeded from the wonderful multipliI am far from meaning that there is nothing real in either road.cation of an extraordinary Creature, which had already turned the The path of Matter-of-fact is as solid as ever; but they who do not cheeks of the tyrants pallid. It groaned and it grew loud : it spoke see the reality of the other, keep but a blind and prone beating upon with a hundred tongues: it grew fervidly on the ear, like the noise their own surface. To drop the metaphor, Matter-of-fact is our per- of a million of wheels. And the sound of a million of wheels was in ception of the grosser and more external shapes of truth; fiction | it, together with other marvellous and awful voices. There was the represents the residuum and the mystery. To love Matter-of-fact is sharpening of swords, the braying of trumpets, the neighing of warto have a lively sense of the visible and immediate; to love fiction is horses, the laughter of solemn voices, the rushing by of lights, the to have as lively a sense of the possible and the remote. Now these movement of impatient feet, a tread as if the world were coming. two sepses, if they exist at all, are of necessity as real, the one as the And ever and anon there were pauses with “ a still small voice," other. The only proof of either is in our perception. To a blind which made a trembling in the night-time; but still the glowing man, the most visible colours no more exist, than the hues of a fairy sound of the wheels renewed itself; gathering early towards the tale to a man destitute of fancy. To a man of fancy, who sheds morning. And when you came up to one of these creatures, you saw, tears over a tale, the chair in which he sits has no truer existence in its with fear and reverence, it's mighty conformation, being like wheels way, than the story that moves him. His being touched is his proof indeed, and a great vapour. And ever and anon the vapour boiled, in both instances.

and the wheels went rolling, and the creature threw out of its mouth But, says the mechanical understanding, modern discoveries have visible words, that fell into the air by millions, and spoke to the utteracquainted us with the cause of lightning and thunder, of the nature most parts of the earth. And the nations (for it was a loving though of optical delusions, and fifty other apparent wonders; and therefore a fearful Creature) fed upon its words like the air they breathed : and there is no more to be feigned about them. Fancy has done with the Monarchs paused, for they knew their masters. them, at least with their causes; and witches and will-o'-the-wisps This is PRINTING BY STEAM. - It will be said that this is an allegory, being abolished, poetry is at a stand. The strong glass of science has and that all allegories are but poor fictions. I am far from producing put an end to the charms of fiction.

it as a specimen of the poetical power now in existence. Allegory This is a favourite remark with a pretty numerous set of writers: itself is out of fashion, though a favourite exercise of our old poets, and it is a very desperate one. It looks like reasoning on the face of when the public were familiar with shows and spectacles. But alleit; and by a singular exercise of the very faculty which it asserts the gory is the readiest shape into which imagination can turn a thing death of, many persons take the look of an argument for the proof of it. mechanical; and in the one before us is contained the mechanical Certainly, no observation can militate more strongly against existing | truth and the spiritual truth of that very matter-of-fact thing, called a Inmatter-of-fact; and this is the reason why it is made. The mecha

Printing Press : each of them as true as the other, or neither could nical writers of verse find that it is no longer so easy to be taken for

take place. A business of screws and iron wheels is, or appears to poets, because fancy and imagination are more than usually in request : be, a very common-place matter; but not so the will of the hand 50 they would have their revenge, by asserting, that poetry is no longer

that sets them in motion, not so the operations of the mind that directs to be written.

them what to ulter. We are satisfied respecting the one by science, When an understanding of this description is told, that thunder is

But what renders us sensible of the wonders of the other, and their caused by a collision of clouds, and that lightning is a well known

connection with the great and hidden mysteries of nature? Thought result of electricity, there may be an end, if he pleases, of his poetry

-Fancy-Imagination. What signifies to her the talk about electriwith him. He may, if he thinks fit, or if he cannot help it, no longer

city, and suction, and gravitation, and alembics, and fifty other mesee anything in the lightoing, but the escape of a subtle fluid, nor |

chanical operations of the marvellous? This is but the bone and

muscle of wonder. Soul, and not body, is her pursuit; the first Lear anything more noble in the thunder than the crack of a bladder of water. Much good may his accomplished ignorance do him.

cause, not the second; the whole effect, not a part of it; the will, the But it is not so with understandings of a loftier or a more popular

intention, the marvel itself. As long as this lies hidden, she still : kind. The wonder of a child, and the lofty speculations of wisdom,

fancies what agents for it she pleases. The science of atmospherical Deet alike on a point, higher than he can attain to, and look over the

phenomena hinders not her angels from “ playing in the plighted threshold of the world. Mechanical knowledge is a great and a glo

clouds." The analysis of a bottle of salt water does not prevent her rious tool in the hands of man, and will change the globe. But it

from “ taking the wings of the Morning, and remaining in the utterwill still leave untouched the invisible sphere above and about us;

most parts of the sea. You must prove to her first, that you understill leave us all the great and all the gentle objects of poetry,—the

stand the simple elements, when decomposed; the reason that brings

them together; the power that puts them in action; the relations beavens and the human heart, the regions of Genii and Fairies, the fancifal or passionate images that come to us from the seas, and the

which they have to a thousand things besides ourselves and our wants; flowers, and all that we behold.

the necessity of all this perpetual motion; the understanding that It is, in fact, remarkable, that the growth of science, and the re

looks out of the eye; , love, joy, sorrow, death and life, the future, the

universe, the whole invisible abyss. Till you know all this, and can appearance of a more poetical kind of poetry, have accompanied one another. Whatever may be the difference of opinion as to the extent

plant the dry sticks of your reason, as trophies of possession, in every to which our modern poets have carried their success, their inclina- | quarter ors

success, their inclina-quarter of space, how shall you oust her from her dominion? nons cannot be doubted. Ilow is it, that poetical impulse has taken Liis turn in a generation cribed to be so mechanical? Whence has

FINE ARTS, mone is this..

fondness for the fictions of the East.

es fully competent to the production of first-rate Landscape En-| the Pantomime advances the usual claims to approbation, on a general avings of a WOOLLÉT size, we have never, since the days of that score, without supplying much of particular attraction. Transformations extraordinary Engraver, had the pleasure of seeing above three or four and tricks at this house are seldom at home, nor are they so in the prepublished with superior workmanship, and of that large size, such as sent instance; but there are a few hits which tell, one of the best of MIDDIMAN'S Melancholy Jaques and Milton's Windsor Castle, and none which is a Haunted Kitchen, in which the casting of the bullets in Der where the united talents of the Painter and Engraver have given such Friechütz is pleasantly enough burlesqued by the frying of seven panconjoint importance as those noble Landscape and Figure Prints, of which cakes, attended with all sorts of horrible and Germanic consequences. Wilson and MORTIMER were the Painters, and WOOLLET was the En- We must repeat, that some of the scenery is very beautiful, and we may » graver. We are therefore very agreeably surprised at the publication of particularly select the mountain abode of an Enchanter, and Guld Reekie, such, or almost such-a Print, by the veteran MIDDIMAN and Mr. by STANFIELD, and the Enchanted Aviary by ROBERTS. HOWELL and ROBINSON, from a Painting by the late President WEST, and in the per-Miss-BARNETT are the Harlequin and Columbine, and KIRBY the Clown, formance of which that excellent Painter has evidently caught a kindred all of whom were active and respectable. Some disapprobation was feeling and the glowing power of portraying personal charms, mental expressed during the course of the evening, principally produced by emotion, aud natural scenery, with ihe amiable and animated FENELON, mishaps and failures; but upon the whole the piece went off tolerably. in his Telemachus, where he describes the shipwreck and the first inter- Rapid stage transition and scenic management are certainly however not view of Telemachus and Mentor with Calypso and her Nymphs, The in their element at this house, and in order to domesticate them, we waves are heaving and surging, and the cliff-mantling grove gracefully recommend Mr. Elliston to renew his St. Paul's School acquaintancenodding to the wind, which moves also with winding grace the dresses ship with Ovid's Metamorphoses. That, or a drill of the household of the beautiful Nymphs and their majestic Queen. The umbrageous corps, is absolutely necessary. shore indicates an island of sylvan scenery, and the charms of its possessors

COVENT-GARDEN. promise the bland delights of female society. Some of Calypso's train He who is unacquainted with the bumourous old ballad, entitled are circling in a dance ; some eye the approaching strangers timidly and - The Dragon of Wantley," has to lament his ignorance; because it with surprise, others with admiration ; altogether presenting a charming equally implies & want of knowledge of the burlesque operatical use of exhibition of feminine beauty and delicacy of feeling, having for its climax it made by the noted HARRY CAREY. The legend of this monstrous the elevated air, the courteously inviting, and superior grace of Calypso. Dragon, to wbich houses and churches were but as geese and turkies,". To these, with ibe frank but respectful address of Telemacbus, is con and which finally yielded to the prowess of a brave Yorksbire knight, trasted the sage and suspicious look of the venerable Mentor. In fine, one More of More Hall, has with genuine Attic discrimination been the adventure of the shipwreck, and the landing of Telemachus, and selected by Mr. Farley for the ground-work of the new Covent-garden Mentor in Calypso's romantic island, and their reception, are perspicu Pantomime. Solicited by the lovely Mayflower, the blossom of the ously exhibited in a fine graphic version by Mr. WEST, which is vividly village of Wantley, at the head of a deputation of peasantry, the magnatranslated into the interesting language of Engraving, by Mr. WOOLLETT nimous More determines to encounter the Dragon, which in fact is a and Mr. MIDDIMAN in the Landscape, and by Mr. F. W. ROBINSON in the magic contrivance of the Fire-King to imprison the Fairy Christallo in * Figures. The solid but neat style of line of this artist produces a bright- a fountain, in order that he or she, we scarcely know which, may not ness and simplicity seldom obtained, and worthy of the hand which has

prove, as the lawyers say, any lett, molestation, or hindrance to his lately delighted the admirers of Engraving with his faultless Etobing

amorous desigris on the aforesaid Mayflower, whom he bas bought of her from Mr. MULREADY's impassioned picture of The Wolf and the Lamb. | father--no absolutely unprecedented matter even in these days. The result The Print is rendered more interesting from its being worked from an may be readily anticipated : the Knight slays the Dragon, which beEiching by the celebrated WooLLET." The style of the Landscape is comes the Clown; More of More Hall, and Mayflower, forth with change clear, open, and characteristic, and has merit sufficiently solid to render into Harlequin and Columbine ; the old father into Pantaloon, et voila, it, in conjunction with the Figures, and the beauties of Mr. West's as Foppington says in the play, l'affaire est faite. Descending to more design, expression, and composition, an Historical Landscape and Figure pantomimical particulars, the piece is lively and bustling, without exhiEngraving of superior claims upon the patronage of the Public.

biting much of that genuine drollery which possibly is as rare as genius ENGRAVED PRINT OF LORD BYRON.-Though Mezzotinto Engraving of any other kind, and as irresistible in its claim-in short, there was no cannot give that granular texture with wbich Line and Chalk Engraving JOE GRIMALDI. In other respects, nothing was wanted that could be so beautifully characterises the various surfaces of things, it is capable of supplied by grimace and agility. The Harlequin of Ellar needs no most of the other important powers of the Engraver's Art, and especially I praise, and Miss ROMER is an active and graceful, if not finished Colum. of the charms of correct and spirited, of sharp and soft outlines, by which | bine, while GRIMALDI the Younger and BARNEs illustrate the laws of are produced expression of mind, and grace and energy of action,-the motion, and of repulsion especially, with extraordinary ardour. Of tricks prime qualities of Painting and Engraving. Of this we have a very and transformation there is no lack; steam conveyances are prepared on satisfactory example in Mr. Lupton's Print of Byron, from a Painting by the stage, a waggon in danger of inundation is transformed into a sailing the Academician PHILLIPS, who, in the lively and elegant' turn of the boat, and above all, a stage-conch with passengers at an inn-door at head, the earnest countenance, the bold and handsome features, shows | York, are suddenly changed into the front of the White Horse in Fetterus the outward and interior man, the analogous mind and body, the lane, with the aforesaid passengers looking out of the windows. The beautiful, the impassioned, and the poetical ;-of which capital Painting principal attraction, however, consists in the more formal and elaborate the Print is a decided and luminous translation. It is the noble aspect of scenery, which is for the most part admirable. Among these, the grand the Genius of Feeling kindling into magnanimity and philanthropy, and panoramic exhibition of the banks of the Thames, as they are to be when verging upon enthusiasm ; but without that baser mixture of vanity, un- | Col. Trench's plan is carried into execution, takes the lead. The audue scorn and capriciousness, which occasionally dimmed the brightness

dience assume ihe part of spectators viewing and accompanying a sailing of his character, and which is so visible in some of his portraits. No match from the Surrey shore ; and in consequence, the bridges are apLine Engraving could have rendered the outlines more.properly crisp, parently passed in succession, until the arrival of the winners at Cumberthe breadths of light on the head, hand, and drapery, and the full sha-l land Gardens. The perspective of this exhibition, especially in regard to dows on the elegantly-placed robe, more effectual. For sharpness, the bridges, is admirably managed. Of the more picturesque scenery, finishing, and efficiency, this Print has rarely been equalled as a Mezzo- Rotheram Green, with two views of York, claim most attention; while tint, since the celebrated Flower and Fruit Prints of the late Mr. EARLOM.

of the purely fanciful, we have a copper mine, with a representation of R. H.

the fire-damp, a magic fountain, and a fairy palace. Epsom Race Course was good, but rather for bustle and activity in scenic movement, than for

pictorial execution. The real pony race might have been made more of, ..THEATRICAL EXAMINER, particularly in the exbibition of betting sportsmanship; but light and

shade appertain to all things. A few failures took place the first night,

DRURY-LANE. but upon the whole, the audience was in high good humour; and from On Monday, as usual, a new Pantomime was produced at this house--we every subsequent indication, there is reason to believe that the treasury were going to say for the holiday folks, but to be honest, it is quite of this concern will profit as usual by Mr, FARLEY's ingenuity. " evident that this intellectual species of entertainment possesses alirac- On Thursday evening we attended the representation of the Merchant tions to a large portion of his Majesty's lieges, who would demur exceed- of Venice, in which Mr. J. Russell, not unknown to a London audience, ingly to that appellation. We are not about to afflict our readers with assumed the character of Shylock. The performance was by no meals lamentations upon the degeneracy of these predilections, or with com- discreditable: but it was evident that certain powers on the part of the mon places on the subject of the legitimate Drama'; with establishments

actor were wanting, without which no Shylock can exceed mediocriny; and houses so large, food must be supplied for all degrees of refinement, we allude more especially to a voice capable of earnest utterance without and after all, the vulgar are the majority in every rank of life. In the | apparent exertion, and of a display of vigorous emotion without the conpresent instance, the exertions of His Majesty of Drury and coadjutors comitancy of rage. The Shylock of Mr. J. RUSSELL was too irascible from have been exerted in the production of an Harlequinade, intitled Ilarle- beginning to end, though the trial scene was certainly ably marked, quin and the Talking Birds, or the Singing Trees and Golden Waters; spoiled, as it was, by the dreadful puddering of the gods, impatient for being a very free appropriation of the adventures of our old friend, the the pantomime, and still more by a stage blunder (not his own) which Princess Parizade in the Arabian Nights. In the Drury-lane version, marred the Jew's exit; but we still doubt the propriety of repeating the the Princess herself is enchanted instead of her brothers, and is delivered part. The Portia of Mrs. SLOMAN was respectable, if 'not highly discriby the Prince of Persia; the royal pair of course being subsequently minative ; the aforesaid gods marred her delivery of the fine definition of ti-tum-ti'd by a Genius into Harlequin and Columbine. We perspire Mercy, but in her explanation of and delivery of the law of Venice, there under ihe description already, and shall therefore satisfy ourselves with existed a force and acuteness which very agreeably surprised us. observing, that with a portion of very fine scenery, and more than the Cooper's Bassanio was very goed nor was the Gratiano of Yates amiss, usual exhibition of activity especially in the Pantaloon of BLANCHARD. Telehoughe daehad wish too much Count Carmine. Gratinna is liable 1

LITERARY NOTICE.

beaded and light-hearted, but not an absolute coxcomb. The Old Gobbo being particularly distinctive. The accompanying Essay, however, cf BLANCHARD was good ; his son Lancelot, in the hands of MEADOWS, like that on Fable, is essentially in the manner of Lessing, -subtle, 80, so, DURUSSET and Miss HAMMERSLEY, as Lorenzo and Jessica, sang refined, and analytical. The chain of associations by which he conpleasingly, and might have recited equally so ; but the audience would I nects the identity of the simple Greek inscription with the modern not hear a word of poetry, and scarcely of anything else. smo Q.

épigram, is peculiarly ingenious; and although at the first glance apa parently fanciful, like some of the etymologies of Horne Tooke, it is.' in a similar manner borne out by a concurring weight of analogy and

of direct testimony. Our Essayist also enters into much illustration and Fables and Epigrams; with Essays on Fable and Epigram; from the analysis, in order to prove that the essential principle of the Greek German of LESSING.',

inscription is still retained in the modern Epigram, and in so doing, It is unnecessary to dwell on the general merits of this distinguished

displays all the acumen and reference to principles by which the German German writer, the philosophy of whose criticism is distinguished

school of criticism is so much distinguished. Everything upon their by the rare quality in a critic of the power of illustration from his own

premises is always completely made out; and the former admitted, sources of invention. In the present neat little volume, we have all

the latter are irresistible. With respect to premises, differently the Fables of Lessing which are purely such, and one or two of those

disposed minds may occasionally demur,—such for instance as those , of a kind which border upon narrative. The former exhibits the cor

which Lessing regards as possessed by French Critics in particular, rect, elegant, and discriminative powers of the author to most advantage,

who confound distinctions which to him are broad and palpable. The being for the greater part peculiarly neat and lively, in the convey

reader will settle the point between these extremes to please himself; ance of the single point to which, in conformity with his hypothesis,

and, as we have already observed, upon two sufficiently broad and they are strictly confined. The characteristic turn of Lessing, as á

popular lines of composition, this little volume will furnish a brief and fabulist, combines simplicity with an archness that not unfrequently

entertaining specimen of the method of the more rigid and philoso29sumes the pointedness of epigram'; and when this archness pre

phical of the opposed modes of critical consideration. This, at least, dorinates, the result is exceedingly neat and lively,--as for ex

we may premise, that few lovers of general literature can arise from it

uninstructed, even when disposed to combat (which will be no easy ample: “ PABLE XII.—THE SICK WOLF.

affair) the principles adopted. The Germanic is a very metaphysical The wolf being at the point of death, cast a retrospective glance on circle; but he who steps into

circle; but he who steps into it finds it a difficult matter to get out his past life. I am certainly a sinner, he plaintively observed, but again, without a harvest of convictions of which he never previously trust, not one of the greatest.' I have doubtless committed evil; but i dreamt-refined, yet substantial, - delicate, almost to invisibility, have also done much good, I remember that once when a lamb, which yet correct. bad strayed from the dock, came so near me, I might have devoured it with the greatest ease; I forbore to do 80. About the same time I lis.

IRELAND. tened to the abuse of an angry sheep with the most edifying indifference, i altboogh no watch-dog was to be feared.' To all this I can bear wit.

CATHOLIC ASSOCIATION. ness,' said the fox, who was assisting his ghostly preparations; • I recol. A Meeting took place on the 230 December. The rent of the antecelect all the particulars. It was just at the time you suffered so much dent week was announced to be 4011. 175. 1 d. Mr. O'Connell was refrom the bone in your throat."" .

ceived with loud and long-contigued cheers, waving of hats, and every * FABLE XLIX.–TRE BULL AND THE CALP.

demonstration that could convey applause, affection, and respect. In * A strong ball, in forcing itself through the stable door, split the post his address to the meeting, he advised that no allusion whatever should with his horns. “Look, shepherd!' cried a calf,such mischief is never be made to the recent legal occurrences in which he was personally done by me.' It would be very pleasant to me, were it in your power, concerned: let the law take its course, and let those matters be discussed returned the shepherd.

elsewhere. These observations were received with great approbation. * The language of this calf resembles that of certain inconsiderable A letter was read from John Bowring, Esq. enclosing a subscription philosophers. The wicked Bayle!' they exclaim, how many pious | from his venerable friend Mr. Bentham, accompanied with the following koals bas he disturbed with his doubts! Alas, gentlemen, how willingly note: might you torment us, were all of you Bayles.”

" TO THE CATHOLIC RENT. « PABLE LXI.-THE THORN.

“ After the example set by The Examiner, five pounds from Jeremy ** Tell me,' said the willow to the thorn,' why you are so covetous of Bentham, in the humble and cordial hope that his oppressed brethren of the clothing of those who pass by you ; of what use can they be to you? the Catholic persuasion will neither retaliate persecution by persecution ,

*** Xose whatever,' answered the thorn ; I have no desire to deprive nor attempt redress by insurrection, but to act with the liberal among the passengers of their raiment, I only wish to tear it.'"

Protestants, for the attainment of justice for all, against depredation and * PABLE LXV.-MINERVA.

oppression in any shape, by the only practicable means-Parliamentary ut leave them alone, my friend, those mean and spiteful enemies of Reform, in the radical and solely efficient mode." voar increasing fame! Why seek to immortalize names which otherwise Mr. O'CONNELL said, that this was a letter which could not be passed are doned to oblivion'

over in silence. It formed a kind of era in the history of Ireland. The - In the foolish war which the giants waged with the gods, the former naine of Bentham would live centuries after the differences that existed naposed to Minerva a hideous dragon, which the goddess seized, and among his opponents were forgotten; and although he was now an old with her potent arm hurled against ihe firmament. There it shines still; man, yet he possessed as unclouded a vigour of mind as one could hope and thus what had been considered the reward of lofty deeds, became to possess in the spring of youth. Mr. Bentham's mind was of that sinbe punishment of an evil one."

gular cast, that it was sometimes obscured to ordinary readers, by the " PABLE LXVII.-THE NIGRTINGALE AND THE LARK.

very force of its native brightness (Cheers). It was now thirty years - What should we say to the poets who take flights beyond the com since Mr. Bentham had published his pamphlet on Legal Taxation, yet, prehension of their readers in

notwithstanding the force of reasoning contained in that pamphlet, the - Norbing, but what the nightingale said one day to the lark. Do battery of litigation was as uncertain as it was in the most tempestuous 22 sear so very high, my friend, in order that you may not be heard ?!" times of English bistory (Cheers). The complexity of the existing legal

On other occasions, the simplicity is extreme, although in the system was most frightful and alarming; and until a code of laws, someablar material always particularly illustrative. In fact, the theory

thing similar to that fashioned out by Bentham, was brought into general Leseng in regard to this branch of composition, as exhibited in the

operation, it was preposterous to think that justice could be administered companying Essay, is peculiarly rigid, and strictly constructed on

to all denominations of his Majesty's subjects. (Hear, hear!) The va

luable labours of Jeremy Bentham had been recognized in every Court of 12 unadorned unity of the Esopic fable. All the meretricious graces

Europe. The Emperor of Russia had sent him a gold snuff-box, accom$234 piquant pleasantries of La Fontaine, he regards as altogether panied by his particular thanks. Bentham pocketed the thanks, but

scongenial with fable in its primary essence and utility :-however returned the snuff-bos. This was consistent with the whole tenor of his 4 or excellent in itsell, it is not the thing which it pretends to be. life, which was a perseverance in an extended system of benevolence, With the same distinctive precision, the author proceeds to examine that embraced man in the abstract, however different his creed or com

different definitions of fable by various celebrated writers, to the plexion. He fully concurred with Mr. Bentham, that the Catholics sal production of a series of critical and philosophical conclusions,

should not reward their persecutors with persecution. He also entirely =king up his own. To those who wish an example, upon a small

approved of his advice against resorting to insurrectionary means for the prade, of the tone and spirit of German critical analysis, this Essay

restoration of Catholic rights; but, although a Reformer, and even a

Radical Reformer hinself, he (Mr. O'Connell) would use his best influence ribe extremely welcome, even independantly of the information

with the Association, never to connect themselves, as a body, with the tired on the subject, on which po small portion of absolutely new

Reformers, or indeed with any party, but to pursue, steadily, the single *t is also thrown. The hints of Lessing for the invention of fables, object for which they were associated, namely, the emancipation of ihe d the elicitation of new matter for the multiplication of them, are Catholics (Loud applause). Mr. O'Connell concluded by moving, that articular exceedingly acute and ingenious.

the letter of Mr. Bentham be inserted on the minutes, and the Committee Of the Epigrams selected in this little volume, as a specimen of the of Correspondence be directed to return a suitable reply. .

of the or in that whimsical line of composition, we shall á leiter was read from an English Reformer, who felt convinced tha

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