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No. 890. MONDAY, FEB. 21, 1825.
THE POLITICAL EXAMINER.: . are the signs of sovereignty exhibited by this “ Popish Parliament?"
One would think-to judge from the positive assumptions of Mr. Party is the madness of many for the gain of a few. POPE. PLUNKETT throughout his speech-that the Associators introduced
and passed Bills to alter the laws, voted or remitted taxes, called INTENDED SUPPRESSION OF THE CATHOLIC ASSO- uport the government departments for official papers, and appointed CIATION,
Commissions to inquire into various branches of the administraWe propose to examine, a little in detail, the various allegations tion. Yet what is the fact? Its only " decrees” are proclamations against the Catholic Association, upon which is grounded the measure advising the people to obey the laws of the land—its money bills con20w" passing through Parliament for its suppression. In doing this, cern only the expenditure of a you
cern only the expenditure of a voluntary fund of 30,0001. 'a-year, we shall take the speech of Mr. PLUNKETT for our text; because that It has not meddled with or superseded a single functionary of the Gentleman is the principal organ of the Irish Government, from state, from the Lord Lieutenant down to a police runner-unless which the attack on the Association has avowedly emanated. This, indeed a diminution of the duties of the hangman is held to be a while it limits our attention to a reasonable quantum of matter. is dangerous interference. « Oh! but it levies a tax under the name of perfectly fair towards the adversary, because the Learned Gentleman | Rent !". Mr. BROUGHAM has so completely answered that charge, by is too shrewd a debater to omit any point which tells in his favour, his admirable illustration derived from the Methodist subscriptions, and besides exhibits a certain degree of candour which assists the effect that we should only abuse the reader's patience by saying another of his reasoning.
word on the subject. We should be equally wrong to set about a It is objected to the Association '
formal answer to the objection, that the Association " apes the forms 1. That it possesses the character of a Representative Body. We do of the House of Commons " a" Compliment to the undeniable excelnot say “ assumes;" for though that was really made a charge at the lence of those forms, which none bụt the most desperate sophista beginning of the grand debate, it has been expressly abac-ioned by could dream of converting into a topic of reproach. In a like spirit Mr. CANNING. The offence is then, that it represents the Catholic Mr. PLUNKETT urged—as a proof of a meddling with matters of population of Ireland. Good God! and this is stated as an objection state, that the Associators “undertake the great question of Parliato it this, which is in fact its glory and its justification! It must mentary Reform- the question of the Repeal of the Union-the never be forgotten, when Ireland is the subject in dispute, that six question of Tithes-the Regulation of Church Property—the Admiout of her seven millions of inhabitants are, and will continue until nistration of Justice." What does the Learned Gentleman mean by. substantial redress is granted them, in a state of just discontent. While" undertake?" He uses it, we suppose, as Bardolph does “accommothe causes of that discontent remain (and Mr. CANNING says there is date,”. to convey a vague emphasis; and we can imagine the Justice no hope of their speedy removal) the very happiest circumstance, for
Shallows of the back benches mightily tickled with it:-“A good tbe tranquillity of the country, is the existence of a permanent assem-soldier-like word-a good word of command," ! To say that they bly of Catholic leaders, inen of education and rank in life, to whom
discuss those questions (most of which, by the way, they do not even the oppressed people confide the task of labouring for the redress of agitate--as Mr. BROUGHAM easily proved) would not have suited the their grievances, instead of taking that redress into their own hands, I purpose of the legal sophist; because the London Common Council, and attempting it by outrage and insurrection. A good government, any county meeting or debating club in England, discuss all such as we observed last week, would rejoice in the formation of such an matters, and as many more as they please. After all this vapouring and assembly; would see in it a positive security against the violence of exaggeration, however, Mr. PLUNKETT comes at last to a tangible the Catholic peasantry; would feel satisfied at the idea, that the discus charge; and a most extraordinary one it is. “The Gentlemen of this sion and complaint of Irish grievances were confined to an Associa
House," he says, "who have not visited Ireland, cannot be aware of that tion perfectly within the control of the laws, courting publicity by its
power of despotism, more formidable than the sword--the power of proceedings, and wholly dependent, for its estimation and iníluence, Public Opinion—which is exercised by this Association.” Of all the itiupon its good conduct. A good government, we are sure, far from stances of perversion of common sense, and abuse of language, we wishing to stop up, so wholesome a vent for the popular irritation, ever heard of, none can exceed this. PUBLIC OPINION denounced would applaud and encourage it,- would confirm its influence with as a Despotism more formidable than the sword! Good Mr. Attorney, the people at large, by recognizing it as representing their feelings and great orator as you are, pray condescend to get a little instruction of rwhes. Such a representation indeed-and no other-is that of the one of the University under-graduates, in the definition of terms, Catholic Association. It is founded on sympathy, and rests upon before you expose such logic in public again: it will not require even mutual liking. If its members utter seditious words, if they conspire a senior Soph. to inform you;' that Despotism is the sway of one or a for seditious objects, there are plenty of laws, heaven knows, and few, ruling by mere physical force, without regard to any feeliogs or plenty of eager enforcers, to punish them, and dissolve the assembly, opinions but those of the despots; and that light and darkness are not Instead of being subject to no checks as the framers of the despotic more opposed to each other, than such a sway is opposed to the prosuppression ridiculously argue-never was a body more surrounded cess of governing men by reason and persuasion---the conviction with checks of the most efficient kind. A host of enemies, including | produced by which is called PUBLIC OPINION. the ruling authorities, anxiously watching every unguarded expression 3. That the speeches in the Association are violent and inflam-prepared to strain the meaning of the undefined law of sedition, in matory. We answer with Mr. BROUGHAM, that the bolder their order to work their forcible dissolution ;-a body of supporters, con- language, provided it is legal—the more energetic their attitude, sisting of men of all ranks, professions, and opinions of Peers, provided it is respectful- the louder their complaints, provided they Clergy, Peasants, Catholics, Presbyterians, and Church-of-England are just,—the better. The Association could not speak the feelings ists, whose general adherence is of vital importance, and can only be of the Irish Catholics, if it did not speak warmly and strongly—and secured by a dignified, consistent, disinterested, and moderate line of fortunate should Government account it, that the just anger of six conduct. Conscious, on the one hand, that their existence would millions of ill-treated subjects finds a harmless vent in strong words. be annihilated by words or measures that could be brought within Besides, it is a mere impertinence for the oppressors here at home to the scope of an arbitrary law-and on the other, that any want of zeal, call the speeches alluded to inflammatory. The question is, are they consistency, or prudence, any diverging into questions foreign to their too strong--are they illegally violent ? No: else the law would have Caderstood object, would bring them into disrepute and contempt,- clutched the speakers : Mr. PLUNKETT can testify how hungry after the tenure of their influence is, it must be admitted, of a very delicate victims are its Orange harpies. We are delighted with the castikind, and the very last which could excite the apprehensions of a gation bestowed by Sir James MACKINTOSH, Sir FRANCIS BURDETT, reasonable Cabinet.
and Mr. BROUGHAM, on the mean attempt of Mr. CANNING to take 2. That it wields powers which legally belong only to the Legislative advantage of the isolated expression in the Catholic address-" by od Executive Authorities. “ They are responsible,” exclains Mr. the hate you bear the Orangemen.” Sensitive Christians! Nice verbal PUTXEETT, “to no one; yet they claim to themselves, not only the critics! By quoting only the few words, the Minister contrived to legislative or the executive functions—they unite both, and both in a convey an impression, that the Association told the Catholics way that requires their authority to be put down.”-We really could they ought to hate the Orangemen., Read the whole passage to have believed, before the late Parliamentary debates, that falla in the Address, however, and you find, that the Association, in ta ess so extravagant as these would be advanced against the Catholic earnestness of its exhortation, simply shows the poor Catholics the
able conduct! The hatred exists-is notorious no words can remove a joint-stock fund of 30,000l. a-year, can hope for justice, what bee it :—what better then could the Association do than endeavour to comes of those who are prosecuted by a powerful Government (which enlist that feeling on the side of tranquillity? But Mr. CANNING's influences both judges and juries) backed by the whole revenues of delicate ear cannot bear the very mention of so shocking a word as the United Kingdom! What justice, we say, can those hope for, “hate,” even with a good design; in that respect his organ resembles according to the ATTORNEY-GENERAL's argument, who are prose the “ ears polite" described by the poet, to which you were never to cuted by the ATTORNEY-GENERAL himself? What equality is “ mention hell.". Yet in the same breath this Christian Minister re- there between the substantial power of a great Government, and tbe commends a measure which will set all Ireland in a flame of dis- mere opinion (oftener disregarded than followed) of an ill-treated content; he recommends that six millions of men, to whom he is population ? commanded to “ do as he would be done by," shall be thwarted and We do not observe any other objections urged by the representative coerced by penal laws, enforced by 30,000 bayonets !
of the Irish Government, worth an argument. His assertion, that the 4. That the Association interferes with the Administration of Justice. Association threaten to draw out the physical force of six millions of First of all, we have a word to say upon the miserable spirit which Catholics against the Government, can only be met by an unqualified Ministers have discovered in regard to the Mock-Constitutional As
contradiction : we defy him, not only to produce a proof, but to point sociation of London. Now, when it helps their argument (as they
out the least indication, of such a threat. We cannot conclude withthink) against the unfortunate Catholics, they tell us that they always
out marking two remarkable admissions on the part of the Learned disapproved of that persecuting combination. Then why not have
Gentleman, which in fact go to the core of the question. He declared said so, when that gang was in active operation—when a word of dis. that “ without Catholic Emancipation, every measure would be inapproval from them would have blovin it to atoms? These consci
effectual for the permanent tranquillity of Ireland;" and that the Caentious Public Servants suffer the community to be pestered for years
tholic Association “ was but the symptom of the disease under which by a nuisance which derived all its support from the supposed ap
Ireland suffered.” So our State Doctors would wilfully suppress the proval of government; and when at length Public Opinion has suc
symptoms, without touching the disease itself; they would remove the ceeded in crushing the dirty reptile, they find it convenient, in
appearances—they would drive in the eruption--and apply no remedy reference to another object, to say " We also disliked that com- to the internal inflammation. A village apothecary might teach bination, on the same principle as we dislike this.” Principle. I them better. indeed! The present Cabinet has much talent, and in many respects liberal views; but a more unprincipled set of men--men more held
IRELAND. together by merely selfish inducements were never united in one ill
CATHOLIC ASSOCIATION. sorted Administration. To return to the point: the Liberals in Par
On Wednesday and Thursday, February 9 and 10, the Associators
were assembled. Among the subscriptions to the Rent were- 101. from liament are triumphantly asked how they, who condemned the Bridge-Earl Fitzwilliam, and 51. from the Hon. Fred. C. Ponsonby, M. P. Lord street Society, can support an Association which likewise uses a joint Killeen took the chair; and after most eloquent speeches from his lordstock purse inlaw-suits on behalfof a party? We will answer this question. | ship, Mr. O'Gorman, Mr. O'Connell, &c. (which we greatly regret our The Bridge-street Gang was a combination to crush, by the weight of a inability to report) Resolutions and a Petition to Parliament were adopted, stock purse, humble individuals whose poverty prevented their making justifying the character of the Association, and deprecating the Bill for a proper defence : the Catholic Association is for the protection of its suppression. It was at first proposed to entrust the petition to Mr. such persons. The Bridge-street Gang was a dastardly, disgraceful
Brougham ; but on the motion of Mr. Lawless, of Belfast, Messrs. enlisting on the side of the strong against the weak-it added to the
O'Connell and Shiel were appointed to take it to London, and to enforce oppression of the enormous power of the Attorney-General—it volun
its prayer, if permitted, at the bar of the House of Commons. On the
motion of Mr. O'Connell it was afterwards resolved, that the venerable teered to do the dirty work which the Public Prosecutor was ashamed
Earl of Fingall be requested to head the deputation, which should consist to touch. The Catholic Association helps--only helps a little-to of as many Catholic Archbishops, Bishops, Peers, and Gentlemen, as reduce the monstrous inequality between an Orange prosecutor and a would undertake the journey. Catholic peasant; it tends-only tends—to diminish the extent to
AGGREGATE MEETING. which that ever-memorable declaration of a late Irish Chancellor Pursuant to notice, a most numerous and respectable meeting of the (Lord REDESDALE) is true, viz.--that there is “ one law for the rich
Roman Catholics was held on Tuesday last, Feb. 15, at Townshend-street and another for the poor.” Where the poor Catholic would be
Chapel ; at which, after an animated discussion, the Petition to Parliacrushed for want of means to employ counsel, or procure witnesses, the
ment adopted by the Association was also adopted by this meeting, Association sometimes can step in, and by furnishing those aids, afford him a fair chance against bis adversary. Where a flagrant
EDUCATION. judicial wrong would be committed in some remote county, by We are happy to learn that the small pamphlet by Mr. Brougham, Orange jurors or magistrates, because the transaction would otherwise intitled “ Practical Observations upon the Education of the People, be secret, an agent of the Association may happily interfere, and the addressed to the Working Classes and their Employers," is obtaining dread of the matter being brought to light in the debates at the Corn that extensive circulation and notice which is so fairly its due. We Exchange, may save the intended victim. Further than this partial need not say, that the object of this address is of paramount importgood the Association cannot go; otherwise than by the law--the so ance, not simply as adding to the general productiveness of national much vaunted law—it cannot act. And shall an Act of Parliament mind, but as, at the same time, very intimately connected with the be passed, to prevent pecuniary and moral support being extended to advancement of morals and good conduct. The conclusions of Mr. the wretched Catholic, to enable him to ENTER THE LAW-COURTS On Brougham, from what has been already done in the formation of the a fair footing ? There is a cant about prejudging; it is said that various Mechanic Institutions, are deduced at once with strength and a man is prejudged, whom the Association publicly determine to simplicity; and the means of extending a taste for practical science, prosecute, that he goes to his trial labouring under a prejudice. and that portion of elementary acquirement which assimilates, more If there were any truth in this pretence, no man could have a fair trial, or less, with every species of labour, are very forcibly detailed. The since either the Government or a grand jury would have “prejudged" well-disposed and philanthropic employer is shown with what a comhis case. But the idea is absurd-it supposes that judges and jurors paratively slight exertion of salutary influence and intermediate assisthave not sense enough either to discriminate between vague rumours ance, he may permanently advance the classes dependent on him; and positive evidence, or to know that many accused persons may be while the latter are clearly given to understand, how great a deinnocent. Mr. PLUNKETT talks away on this subject in a sirain gree of real and applicable information it is in their power to acquire. equally ridiculous and self-betraying :-“ Can any person accused by Mr. Brougham satisfactorily demonstrates, that while establishments the Association entertain the most distant hope of finding justice, and lectures are practicable in the smallest towns, even villages may when his accusers are the people of Ireland, and the money levied on have their reading-rooms. In short, whether as a corrective of the that people the fund against which his means are to be employed too many false theories of charity now existing, or as pointing out the what hope can he lrave of justice under those circumstances?" Why most effective modes of advancing the social improvement of the not? Will not the magistrates and juries do their duty to an accused many, we think this little tract merits general perusal, and it is with party, because the Association--that Association which Orange ma- the greatest alacrity we give this tribute in aid of its extended dilgistrates and juries hale--are his prosecutors? “ But the people of fusion. Ireland accuse him.” So they would, whether the Association acted As a subject not uncongenial with the above, we may add that Mr. for them or not-such is the case whenever a man is tried for an Campbell the Poet has addressed a sensible and well-written letter to offence which Public Opinion has denounced. Mark too how the Mr. Brougham, on the erection of an University in the metropolis, Learned Gentleman has laid himself open. 1. His very supposition with a view to the improvement of the education of the middle ranks. implies, that justice in Ireland is sold to the highest bidder-a pretty It is well known, that in addition to the major part, to whom the exinference for the st legal officer of the Crown! 2. If no man pense of Oxford and Cambridge is out of the question, the routine of whs iš accuses one voice, and prosecuted at the expense of those learned establishments are altogether unfit for the mental culture
of the children of many by whom the money could be spared. It is up in a small slip of foolscap, containing the following satisfactory parwell observed in the Globe and Traveller, that no authority, legislative ticulars:or magisterial, is required for a Metropolitan University of this na Sold 100 shares in the Company-nothing paid-prem. 6s. £30 ture; and consequently that (if undertaken by a spirited public) the Brokerage, & per cent. on 10,0001. stock plan of education might be arranged with all the necessary freedom and attention to the nature of the knowledge required. Gain ought
By cheque to form no part of the object of subscribers to such an important He stares wildly at this document, utterly speechless, for five minutes, plan, which need not include the erection of magnificent colleges, or during which the broker, after saying he shall be bappy to“ do" for the endowment of monastic fellowships; and consequently, in a me
him another time, throws a card on the table, and exit. * The lucky spetropolis like London, it ought to be every way attainable. In short,
culator wanders into 'Change with the account in his hand, and appeals
to several Jews to know whether he has not been cheated : some abuse we fully agree with Mr. Campbell, that something of the sort is
him for the insinuation against so " respectable” a man as Mr.
the required for the children of the thriving trading and professional inha
broker; others laugh in his face; and all together hustle him into the bitants of London; and we are satisfied, that rapidly as public opi- street. He goes home richer by 41. 16s. 6d. ihan when he went out, and pion is marching in this sound direction, what ought to be, at no finds that a wealthy customer, having called three times in his absence distant period, will be.
to give him a particular order, had just left the shop in a rage, swearing
he would no longer encourage so inattentive a tradesman. JOINT STOCK BROKERAGE.
(COMMUNICATED BY AN ADEPT.) The humbug and nonsense of Joint Stock Companies are now daily
FINE ARTS. being unfolded to the gaping public. The chief speculators and shareholders in these concerns, are people who, so far from having the power
BRITISH INSTITUTION, to pay up their shares if called on, could not by possibility obtain credit
SETTING aside that want of crisp handling which nearly resembles the for a suit of clothes of their merchant-tailor. Having nothing to lose, too-blending carnations of VandERWERF-149, A Study from one of Paul they take the chance of the present mania ; hoping that their stock may
Jones's Crew, F. HURLSTONE, is so natural, as almost to appear like the rise, and that, by selling out, they may clear a little money. Nor are
weather-beaten tar looking at us through a picture-frame. If this prothese money-making schemes confined alone to such speculators: The
mising young painter did not execute 33, Head of an Old Woman, by Eraternity of Brokers also come in for their share of the plunder ;-they
commission, his choice of subject was bad, for the portrait is not one of udeed must gain, whoever loses. As a specimen how these gentry ma
selection, of one, for instance, of age in its venerableness, in which Dave matters, a single fact shall be here stated ;-ex uno disce omnia. I sage experience, or the exercise of virtuous feeling, mixes mental beauty A speculator sold through his broker t'other day, 50 shares-no matter of
among the wrinkles, and shows an unwrinkled mind, but a mere timewhat Company-at a premium of 4s. a share. The gross profit was 101.
injured face, the husk of human nature. It will, however, please those Of this tbe broker pocketed 31. 5s. The principal item of his account was
general lovers of pictured nature who like all of it provided it is natural. a charge of ove-quarter per cent. on the whole nominal amount of stock
One of the most, if not the most, pleasingly natural painters of rustic transferred; to which was added, one-half the expense of transference.
landscape, was HOBBIMA, consequently to imitate such a painter well Thus
is sure to please. This Mr. F. WATTS does. But he would please more, 50 shares of 251. each, at As. premium
with even some less degree of Nature's beauty, were it more from bis Less brokerage, 1 per cent. on 12501 stock £3 2 6
own observances of her, and did he not touch our recollection too Half of transfer
0 2 6
closely in touching from ihe famous Hollander's pallet. Like his, Mr. 3 5 0
WATTS's Views are mostly close and umbrageous, and entirely rustic;
the clouds very soft and blended; the green and grey foliage and ground Leaving the speculator
. £6 15 0
agreeably warmed with umber; the light mild, and the effect altogeWe copy the above from the new Scotch paper, the Edinburgh Times, ther mellow and sedate.--Mr. STARKE too, in his pencilling, has his eye which we are happy to see going on with excellent spirit. We need evidently upon HOBBIMA, and in his composition of short, aged trees, of scarcely remark, that the exposure applies with infinitely greater force coltages and brooks; though by adopting a different colouring one of a to London than to Edinburgh. It is not surprising, we see, ihat lawyers, silvery brightness but warmed, -his' imitation is only partial. But good bankers, and brokers are found at the bottom of most of the new schemes. imitations are far better than indifferent originals, of which most ExhiTheir profits are certain, whatever the fate of the Gudgeon family. The bitions consist, and such as are by these painters will ever be welcome to trokers, in particular, have a fine harvest of it. Their charges being taste.-Mr. Erty is fast receding from a French statue-like appearance upon the full nominal amount of the shares sold, they get twice as much by of design; there is none of it in 99, Nymph and Cupid, where the latter transferring a single 1001. share in a speculation, alihough only 1l. may appears to be bastening his companion on some happy errand of the
been paid on it, as by the purchase or sale of 1001. Consols, of heart: but there is a spice of it in 125, Pandora crowned by the Seasons,
the price is 941. . Or, to make the matter, plainer to the unini. though with great delicacy in the touching, blending, and toning of the tiated, suppose an individual wishes to lay out 5001. in the stock-market. colours, and with a classical spirit diffused throughout the movement If he orders his broker to purchase into the British Funds, the latter will and positions of the figures. It is a charming picture.-The thoughtful bay him about 5351. Three per Cent. Consols; and the brokerage, at intentness of 66, A Student drawing from the Bust of Michael Angelo, is per cent. will be about 13s. But if the same person desires to invest the well painted by Mr. LONSDALE, but not so the colouring, which is sooty, tame sum in the stock of a new Mine or Rail-road Company, which is and generally crude. The masses want subdivision, and there is a total divided into 1001. shares, on each of which say ll. is paid, and there is absence of touch and lightness of pencil.We ought to be epicures to 2 premium of 11. (as is the case at this moment with a stock we have in bave the completest relish of the extraordinary freshuess, the glistening, Ar eye) his broker's account will then stand thus:
the minute finishing, and piscatory fidelity of portraiture, in Mr. Pid. Bought 250 shares in the Company.
DING's Fish Stall, 202. Such salmon, trout, or turbot, would be either First instalment of 11. paid .
£250 0 of them Premium Il. per share . . . . 250 0 0
“ A dainty dish to set before a king." It is objected to Mr. Good, that he lights all his pictures with one 500 0 0
unvaried sunshine gleaming on the edges of his objects. We should obBrokerage # per cent. on 25,0001. stock
62 10 0
ject too, were not this light good in itself, and did he not always add to
each subject he paints a new variety of character, strongly distinct and 562 10 0
true, to this agreeable and bright sunshine, gratifying us with a quinteswhich will leave Mr. Adventurer to pay 621. 10s. to his broker, and to
sence of the lighter circumstances of domestic existence, as in 75, Ocular pay 991. more on each of his 250 shares, when the Company “ call " Demonstration, or Two and Two make Four ; which proposition is visibly or it!
seen by the holding up of four fingers to the pictured pupil ; or in 64, Or let us reverse the case, and suppose our speculator, having been an Rummaging an oid Wardrobe, where children are delightedly busy in erigigal subscriber for 100 shares in the Company, and having con- turning over and dressing themselves in antiquated suits.-Sprightly bejaently obtained them for nothing, wishes to sell, finding them at a light and colour are with much taste and judgment spread over 81, tremium of 6s. per share, and either fearing they may go lower, or not The Earl of Leicester's visit to Amy Robsart, by Mr. FRADELLE. It is in bring able to pay even the first instalment called for by the Directors. If
keeping with the felicity of lovers, tète-d-tête. The forms in this pleashe is an humble tradesman, he is perhaps eager to realise a profit ob
ing Artist's pictures everywhere want to be subdivided and broken in tained without labour, and hugs himself at the idea of the hundred
touch, but his expression is always warm from the heart. The Earl is C7wns and the hundred shillings he shall put into his pocket by this
here the gallant and gay; and the mistress of his heart, a responsive sant process. Away he posts to Cornhill, searches out a broker, into
lover. Siartled at the novel and gorgeous dress of the Earl, she is bose bands he puts the letter entitling him to the 100 shares, with di.
eagerly asking him what his trappings mean? This curiosity is very Tutions to sell al the current premium. The broker takes a turn round
significantly expressed in a fore-shortened movement of body resemlange, finds a customer, and the whole affair is settled in a twinkling, bino sor
ing, bling some of the lively actions in the pictures of TINTORETTO. to an entry or iwo in the broker's memorandum-book, and the drawing
We regret to find that Mr. Young, the esteemed Secretary of the of a couple of cheques. Our fortunate speculator, who is anxiously
| Institution, continues very ill. writing at Batson's the return of his man of business, and spending perlupa 3s. 6d. in bad negus and tough sandwiches, on the strength of his
Various Engravings and Medals in our next.
UNITED PARLIAMENT. | dition, but such combinations were never destroyed by coercive laws,
James defended the address of the Catholics, the spirit of which, he mal
tained, was altogether pacific; and he insisted that it was most une (
: HOUSE OF LORDS. . ... . Thursday, Feb. 17.
stitutional to deprive the Irish people of the right to make their grievani Lord Superéld presented a petition from the Norfolk Magistrates,
I felt. (Cheers.) The Member for Bramber (Mr. Wilberforce) had unanimously voted in Quarter Sessions assembled, praying for an amend.
said that the remains of the Popery Laws were like a prison-dress upon ment of the Game Laws; whïcht, after some remarks in approbation from
enlarged felon, and they certainly were a standing insult to the people! Lord DARNLEY, was ordered to lie on the table.
Ireland, of the most galling nature, for tliey punished them for indulgi
in opinions in which they were educated, and from which they drew the • HOUSE OF COMMONS.
best consolation and firmest hope. It was an insolt lo presume to decoral 1 . Monday, Feb. 14.
men in the scale of society for the indulgence of feelings for which th · A Petition was presented from the City of London, praying for the
are responsible to none but the Creator, which bind man to his God, amendment of the Act of Henry VIII. which levied as a tythe-rate, in cau only be interfered with by the most tyrannical of all acts that G some of the parishes, 2s. 9d. in the pound, on the rent of cach house. vernment bas it in its power to commit. (Iear, hear, hear') It is Referred to a Committee.
ibat has given permanence to the evils of Ireland. The Catholics lø . A Petition from St. James's was presented, praying for leave to build a oot forced religion into the question. It was those who by visiting if church in that parish. Referred to the Church building Committee.
professors of that religion with pains and penalties, have giren & tone Several Petitions were presented against the Coal and House and Win.
religious enthusiasın to the popular ferments of that country. It is in va dow Duties, which were laid on the table.
to say that the exclusion against the Catholics refers only to a few perso COMMITTEE OF SUPPLY.-NAVY ESTIMATES, &c.
in high situations. The exclusion indicted upon them is on account In a Committee of Supply, Sir G. Clerk moved the Navy Estimates,
the religion professed by the very lowest. (Hear!) The lowest pers and accounted for the increased charge, from the necessity of having a
in the community must undoubtedly feel that it is for using the re naval force in every part of the world, more especially in the neighbour
| same prayers that lie uses himself, for the purpose of addressing o hood of our new foreign relations. He added, that a change had taken
same ceremonies wbich he addresses to divinity, that the more elevat place in the mode of victualling the royal navy, which bad greatly in
members of his religion are denied the privileges to wbich they wou
me treased the comforts of the seamen. The babyan days had been abo
otherwise be admitted. This was an answer to the backneyed argume Jished, an inerease of wages had taken place, as a compensation for a which represented the Catholic Claims as nothing more than a mere que reduction in the allowance of grog, the excess of wbich had only led to
tion, whether Mr. O'Connell, and a few peers and commoners of t insubordination and punishment; and tea also was allowed to the sailors. |
Catholic persuasion, shall be admitted to seats in this House? The poore The increase in the price of provisions since last year, had rendered it
priest, the bumblest peasant; suffers when he sees them excluded fra necessary to increase the rate of victualling a shilling a man a month;
places of trust, and denied a share in the confidence vouchsafed to !! making the whole increase three shilliogs a man a month. The rise in
meanest Protestant. (Hear, hear!) With regard to reading the bib! the price of other articles, particularly of iron (which had increased a
Sir James said, the Catholics insisted that its interpretation should I hundred per cent.), had also rendered it necessary to add two shillings a
derived from the Pastor, and this opinion was held by Prelates of the Pri man a month to the vote. ' The vote for the ordnance sea service was the
testant faith; it was therefore not 'an opinion peculiar to the Rowi same as last year. The Honourable Baronet concluded by moving that
| Church. Separation would be a miserable occurrence for both Irelas 29,000 men, including 9000 Royal marines, be employed to serve in his
and England, but it would be worse for the former, as she could look Majesty's fect for thirteen lunar months, commencing the 1st day of
no other higher destiny than that of being employed by an ambitini January, 1825.
Power to annoy some other State ; (hear, hear!) but who could undertal • Sir Ji Yorke wishing to learn how these changes worked, Sir G. Cock
to say what the passions of men, goaded by provocations, might not indui BURN replied, that the seamen had received them with cheers, and consi
them to altempi ?“ (Hear, heur) « Much stress,” said Sir James, i dered them as highly beneficial.
conclusion," had been laid on the dangers to be apprehended from the c! * The resolution was agreed to, after some 'remarks by Mr. Hume, recom
istence of the Catholic Association; but what comparison is there betwee mending a better mode of manning the navy than the oppressive practice
such a danger and that which presents itself, as at least a possible con of impressment. The sum of 923,6501. was then voted for the wages of
of sequence of our refusal to grant their claims? In the name of justice29,000 men, at 21. 9s, a man per month ;-603,2001. for the victuals of the
the name of God, how dare any Government so far forget what it on said men, at 11. 12s. a man per month ;-320,4501. for the wear and tear,
to itself, and to the people, as to be anxious only about providing for i! being the charge for the stores and materials for the use of the sbips sea.
smaller danger, when they shut their eyes to the greater? Tam board service, at 178. a man per month;-and 94,250%. for the ordnance for the
say, that if the principles which now prevail continue to maintain the sea-service, at 5s. a man per month,-after some remarks by Mr.
influence, some persons present may live long enough to lament it. T Home, sha objected to this item of expenditure, as he said it was well
doctrine of the King's Ministers is, that the Catholic Question is not known that opwards of 23,0001. of it would go to the support of the free.
great and important one-(Hear, hear, hear!) that the pacification men of Queenborough, and that the return of the Members for that borough
Ireland is a secondary question. If this is not the sense in wbich th was thereby secured! .
regard it, bow comes it to pass that the Cabinet holds a difference on il CATHOLIC ASSOCIATION.-UNLAWFUL SOCIETIES BILL.
subject as a matter of such little moment, that they may all take their o 3. The debate on this Bill was resumed by Mr. George LAMB, who de.
way, either for or against the Catholic Claims, and yet be as much uni nounced it as av oppressive and partial measure, for it would be wholly
as ever ? This is the clearest possible proof ibat ibey hold the questio aneffectual in suppressing the secret, unlawful Associations, which were
matter of great, perhaps, but certainly of secondary importance. If i bound together by mysterious oaths. (Hear, hear!) Great stress, he
principle is persisted in, I repeat, again, that some of us will live to rep said, had been laid on the fact, that Priests had been employed in the
it.” After a few more remarks, the Learned Gentleman sat down ami collection of the Rent; but did not Protestant Ministers raise subscrip.
the cheers of the House. tions in their churches for various purposes! He hoped that the present
Mr. North was satisfied that the Association should be pat down, Parliament would remove those grievances under which the Catbolics bad | unless the Catholics wished to bcap coals of fire on their own beads, til so long laboured,
would not oppose the good feelings of their Protestant fellow-subjects. . Mr. Dawson contended that all the evils which afflicted Ireland arose
saw the necessity of supporting the bill, because he would keep up from associations of this kind, and that the Catholic Association was the spirit of the Constitution ; ( Ilear, hear!) that part of the constitut most dangerous engine that had ever been set to work against the happi.
hapni. which made Parliament the sole authority for laws, because it kept up iness of that country. Lord Redesdale had been threatened, the Duke of dignity of the law and government, and preserved the peace of the count -York held up as an enemy to Ireland, and Protestants in general de | Dr. Lushington said, that the speech of the Under Secretary for 'nounced as robbers and usurpers. The Catholic Priests, Mr. Dawson Home Department (Mr. Dawson) he had heard, not only with feelings
said, excited the peasantry: to ill-feeliug, they impeded éducation, and reprobation, but of dismay. It was throughout a libel, not only on . were opposed to every thing that did not add to their own power, and Catholic religion, but was calculated to extinguish, if it were possil
tend to raise their church on the ruin of the Protestant. If the Govern all respect for the Roman Catholic Priesthood. It was most unfair to juc ment, therefore, did not put down the Association, the Association would of any body of men from a few isolated facts. Were the House of Cu • put down the Government.
mons itself to be judged by some of its own acts, it would not unfrequen 1. Mr. Carew was perfectly satisfied of the inutility of attempting to come under the lash of such a rule; for sure he was that he could, w • coerce public opinion by legislative enactments; tbey had better do jus. out difficulty, advert to isolated acts which not a single Member of !
tice to the Catholics, the only remedy for the evils complained of. | House could refuse to condemn. To establish such a rule of judga " Mr. S. Rice iinplored the house not to take a step they would deeply | would be fatal'to the character of associations and clubs, constitutes deplore, and which would indefinitely postpone the love for law and for some of the first cbaracters in this country. He would merely allude parliament.
what could be established against a Club of which the Rt. Hon. Secret Mr: Brownlow cologised the Orancemen for their moderation and for the Home Departinent (Mr. Peel) was a member the University charity, and maintained that the Association should forth with be put down! | What if it should appear from the recorded proceedings of that very cl
· Sir J. MacINTOSI protested against the endeavour to silence the com- that two such entries as he would state were inserted: “The Wemoirs plaints of the Catholics witliout first redressing their wrongs, by a | Harriette Wilson, ordered"-(continued laughter )-"A plain bil measure, wbich be characterised as a bill to relieve his Majesty's Govern: rejected.” (Hear, heur!) What were the prominent features in ment from the necessity of doing jastice to Ireland. (Hea', hear!) The Memoirs, he did not pretend to know, but from what he understood, existence of Societies in a country was a proof of its diepered con- | very particularly concerned mapy Noble Lords and many Honour