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the injunction, that these letters (addressed to his mother)! | Lord Byron justly attributes to the vanity of patrons; who, contained a farrago of blasphemy and impiety: in this as- | because men of sense scorn their protection, look out for sertion there is not the shadow of truth. They are almost sparks of talent in cellars and stalls, and, having found someentirely narrative, and refer to the scenes through which the thing to their taste, stamp it with their own seal, that it may writer was passing at the time, interspersed with allusions to pass current with the world.—Another remarkable point in his domestic and economical interests, such as a son would this Correspondence is, Lord Byron's protestations, from the naturally write to his mother. In a letter from Constan- very starting-post, against the identifying Childe Harold's tinople, he gives a sort of summary of his travels. He de- character with his own. That, he says, is my second objecscribes himself as neither disappointed nor disgusted. He tion to my name appearing in the title-page. had lived with the highest and the lowest; had passed days! Want of room compels us to refrain from dwelling upon in a Pacha's palace, and many a night in a cow-house. He many more particulars, of strong interest to the literature of found the people inoffensive and kind. He remained some the day; for these we must refer to the book itself: hoping time with the Greeks in the Morea and Livadia; and, though that the prudence of those concerned in the injunction will inferior to the Turks, he found them better than the Spaniards, induce them to take off their embargo, and enable the public who, in their turn, excelled the Portuguese. Of St. Sophia to read the letters of their own poet in their own language. he speaks as of a building of great interest, but not to be mentioned in the same page with St. Paul's. What he City, 12 o'CLOCK.-Consols for Account, 951. In the Foreign states of his servant Fletcher, is pretty nearly what most

Market, Mexican, 761; Colombian, 911. All the other South American

Bonds are firm. The Mining Shares are also steady. Mexican are 78 to persons might repeat, who have taken English servants to

80; Buenos Ayres, 21 to 22. travel. Besides his lamentations after beef and beer, and his contempt of everything foreign, his incapacity for acquiring

POSTSCRIPT. even a few words of a foreign language rendered him a heavy incumbrance. The plague of speaking for him, the comforts

MONDAY, JAN. 3. he wanted, the pilaws he could not eat, and the wines he could French papers of Friday arrived last night. The following not drink, his endless calamities of stumbling horses, want

are extracts : of tea, &c. &c. were an endless source of laughter and of The Moniteur of Friday, Dec. 31. contains nothing official. inconvenience. Of travel Lord Byron remarks, that he saw

Augsburg, Dec. 25. all countries with reference to his own. When he finds “We have just received, by way of Bucharest and WidEngland superior, he is pleased; when otherwise, he is at din, letters from Constaninople of the 27th, 28th, and 29th least enlightened; no very strong proof, by the by, of that of November. inveterate dislike of his native country with which he has “ The Grand Signior has ordered the formation of a new been so often reproached. If his pleasures in this particular army of reserve, composed entirely of Asiatic troops. Orders were less frequent than his instruction, there are many of us have already been sent to the Pachas in Asia to send their who will not be inclined to think it altogether his Lordship’s troops without delay. This army is to be encamped about own fault. Lord Byron kept no journal; he had no intention Constantinople. The Grand Vizier intended to take the of scribbling his travels, and had done with authorship ! command of the Ottoman armies in person, but the Divan Speaking of a Bavarian artist, whom he had employed to has decided that his presence is necessary at Constantinople, take views for him,- This, he says, will be better than to preserve tranquillity. scribbling, a disease he hopes himself cured of.

“ The extraordinary meetings of the Divan have debated - As early as the year 1811, Lord Byron seems to have chiefly the affairs of Greece. Some members having advised made up his mind to his future course of life. He says, that conciliatory measures; the majority, with true Ottoman pride, if by circumstances he should be obliged to sell Newstead, declared that new efforts must be made during the winter, to he will at all events pass his life abroad. Newstead was his prepare a great naval force by the spring. Nothing has been only tie to England; and that once gone, neither interest nor decided, on account of the penury of the treasury. When inclination would lead him northward. Competence in Eng- the last courier left Constantinople, people spoke, though land, he observes, is ample wealth in the East; and the spot very cautiously, of a rigorous measure which was going to be where he can enjoy a delicious climate and every luxury at a executed, namely, the deposition of several of the richest less expense than a college life at home, will always be a | Pachas." country to him. This then, he says, is the alternative : if The Etoile, dated Saturday, January 1, among various he preserves Newstead, he returns; if he sells it, he will stay articles from Turkey, in Asia, has one from Damascus, away: words remarkable for their prophetic import, and for stating that the destruction of Scheraz, in Persia, by an earththeir evidence of the deep fixedness of the notions of the quake, is positively confirmed. It happened June 20, 1824, , writer.

and it is said only 500 inhabitants escaped. At Aleppo With his return to England, which soon follows, his cor there have been smart and frequent shocks. respondence with his mother ceases. If we may judge from FRENCH FUNDS.-PARIS, Dec. 31,-Five per Cents. this specimen of his powers, we may assert that Lord Byron's opened at 101.75.; closed at 101.90.; Bank Stock, 1,945.6 epistolary writings will, at some future day, take a prominent Neapolitan 5 per Cents. (Falconnet's certificates), 877; place among his other literary productions; unless an irrepa- Rente d'Espagne, 18.; Royal Spanish Loan, 1823, 57.; rable injunction against their future appearance in an English Exchange on London, one month, 25.; three ditto, 24. 85.dress should be obtained.

Cours Authentique. The remainder of the volume contains a further correspondence with Mr. Dallas. These pages comprise some re- Letters were received on Saturday from Bahia, dated Nov. 2, marks upon the encouragement afforded by the great to which contain some details of the events which led to the mechanic and illiterate pretenders to poetry. Were a regu- assassination of the Governor, General Filisberto Gomez lar-bred author to write such verses, they would not be e Caldeira, who, we understand, is a relation of the Brazilian tolerated. But every one is in a stare of admiration, that a Envoy now in this country. It appears that orders had cobler or a tinker should be able to rhyme at all. Some arrived from Rio de Janeiro for disbanding the Portuguese applaud out of sheer bad taste; others out of pure humanity. regiment stationed at Bahia, in consequence of some doubts This is injustice to men of education, who, when they have entertained of its fidelity to the Emperor. This order was done their best, hear their own qualifications cited against communicated to the officers indsw commanded it, but who,

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under arrest. This irritated the troops of that regiment tries for education, was to forfeit all his lands. In the reign of Queen so highly, that they took up arms on the night of the 28th Anne, any son of a Catholic who chose to turn Protestant got possession

of the father's estate. No Papist was allowed to purchase freehold proof October, and, marching to the house of the Governor, |

or, ! perty, or to take a lease for more than thirty years. If a Protestant dies murdered him in his bed. After the perpetration of this act, intestate, the estate is to go to the next Protestant heir, though all to the with a levity not uncommon among the soldiery of this part tenth generation should be Catholic. In the same manner, if a Catholic of the world, they retired to their quarters, uttering cries of

of dies intestate, his estate is to go to the next Protestant. No Papist is to

dwell in Limerick or Galway. No Papist to take an annuity for life. The Live the Emperor! On the event becoming known, the widow of a Papist turning Protestant to have a portion of the chattels of other regiments were called out, by whose aid the mutinous deceased, in spite of any will. Every Papist teaching schools to be presoldiers were disarmed without bloodshed, and lodged in safe sented as a regular Popish convict. Prices of catching Catholic Priests custody to await their punishment. The tranquillity of Bahia

from 50s. to 10l. according to rank. Papists are to answer all ques

tions respecting other Papists, or to be committed to jail for twelve is understood to have been completely restored,

months. No trust to be undertaken for Papists. No Papist to be on

Grand Juries. Some notion may be formed of the spirit of those times, The freemen of Canterbury residing in London are pre from an order of the House of Commons, that the Serjeant at Arms paring for the general election. On Monday evening between

should take into custody all Papists that should presume to come into

the gallery' (Commons' Journals, vol.iii. fol. 976)! During this reign 70 and 80 assembled at the White Hart, Giltspur-street, Mr.

the English Parliament legislated as absolutely for Ireland as they do Gibbs in the chair. There was more talk than anything else, now for Rutlandsbire--an evil not to be complained of, if they had done though the meeting did not appear destitute of an object, viz. it as justly. In the reign of George I. the horses of Papists were seized that of having " a bit of a bustle” in their favourite city: 110

for the militia, and rode by Protestants; towards which the Catholics

I paid double, and were compelled to find Protestant substitutes. They and as this cannot be brought about without a third man

were prohibited from voting at vestries, or being high or petty constables. (God bless the third man, we say)-after drinking, with the In the reign of George Il. four-sixths of the population were cut off from greatest sincerity, success to the present sitting members, the

the right of voting at elections, by the necessity under which they were

I placed of taking the oath of supremacy. Barristers and solicitors marrysame compliment was paid to the presumed opponent of both, ||

ing Catholics are exposed to all the penalties of Catholics. Persons robSir R. T. Farquhar.- Kent Herald.

bed by privateers during a war with a Catholic State, are to be indemoiThe cause between Miss Foote and Mr. Hayne has found fied by a levy on the Catholic inhabitants of the neighbourhood. All insertion in the French papers. The Journal des Debats on

marriages between Catholics and Protestants are annulled. All Popish

Priests celebrating them are to be hanged. • This system (says Arthur Sunday begins a translation of the trial in the following terms:

Young) has no other tendency than that of driving out of the kingdom “ Miss Foote, the first actress of Covent Garden Theatre, de all the personal wealth of the Catholics, and extinguishing their industry manded 10,0001. sterling with interest, from a very rich young within it; and the face of the country, every object which presents man named M. Hayne, for having broken his promise of mar

itself to travellers, tells him how effectually this has been done."* riage. M. Hayne, according to the expressions of his own Coun

THE LONDON MARKETS. sel, was a sort of innocent who had been made the victim of a

Corn Exchange, Mark-LANB, Jan. 3. coquette; but notwithstanding the certificate of innocence! We had a considerable arrival of Grain last week, but this morning given to Monsieur Hayne, by his Advocate, he was condemned

the additional quantity from Essex, Kent, and Suffolk, are moderate.

Of fine Wheat, the quantity at market is small, but millers are backward by the Jury to pay 3,0001. sterling (72,000 francs) damages,

in their purchases, although the best parcels are quoted 2s, higher than and costs."

on Monday last. Barley, which was looking up on Friday, is rather dull The Courier asserts-we forget whether it be through a Correspondent, this morning, and last Monday's price is quoted as that of to-day. Beans or in bis own style imperial- that there is no one else fit for public oflice and Pease are dearer. Oats are good sale, and may be quoted higher in Ireland but a Protestant; in short, that there is a natural, as well as a than on Monday. The top price of Flour is firm at 70s. per sack. legal, necessity for a man belonging to the Church by law established,

CURRENT PRICES OF GRAIN. before he is worth anything to the State. Wellington is a Protestant, | Wheat, red (new) ...... 568. 69s. | Pease, White.......... 465. 54s. and, upon this priociple, he owed his success to his religion ; Plunkett is Ditto old

.......... 54

54s. 70s. Boilers ........ .. 54s. 58s. a Protestant, or be would not be almost the first, if not the very first, man Wheat, white (new) .... 56s. 76s. Maple.............. 418. 43s. in the Senate. Your Protestant, particularly your Irish Protestant, is a Ditto old .......

60s. 78s. I Grey ........

38s. 40s. superior kind of being; be makes the best soldier, the best statesman, Barley ...........

35s. 38s. Oats, Feed............ 20s. 24s. the best orator, the best bishop, in the world. Non ex quovis ligno Mer Rye .......

36s. 425. Poland ............ 21s. 278. curius fit; but any Protestant block will answer the purpose ; you have Beans, small .......... 43s 458. Potatoe ............ 23s. 28s. only to bew it into shape, and forth with it will discourse most eloquent Tick ditto .......... 368. 395. Flour, per Sack........ 55s. 70s. music. The God of theft and blarney himself is not more au fait to his Aggregate Average Prices of the Twelve Maritime Districts of Enydivine vocation. Now, we believe (under correction) that a Catholic, land and Wales, by which Exportation and Bounty are to be regulated provided only he was permitted, would fight as well, and talk as well, in Great Britain. and write as well, as a Protestant. There have been, in the olden time, Wheat per Quarter, 64s. 9d.-Barley, 40s. 9d.-Oats, 23s. 40.-Rye, and even lately, Catholics who have done all these things with some

40s. 90.-Beans, 40s. 4d.-Pease, 50s. 70. applause, not so well as your Protestants, but certainly with some credit

SMITHFIELD, Jan. 3 to themselves, and some profit to their cause, Napoleon had the misfor

The Beef trade continues to advance, and the best Oxen are worth from tone to be a Catholic; yet it is now almost admitted that he was a pastable General, and had some ivkling of legislation. Bourdaloue was a

4s. 10d. to 5s. Inferior, 3s. 6d, to 4s. 4d. per stone. Best Downs, 5s. 2d. Catbolic Bishop; yet, if history be not a fable, it is thought he could

to 5s. 4d. per stone ; Inferior, 4s. 4d. to 5s ; Veal, 6s. to 6s. 2d. preach almost as well as the Bishop of Derry, though he had not the

To sink the Offal-per Stone of 8lbs.

Beef .......... 4s. Od. to 5s. Od. Veal.......... 5s. 2d to 6s. 2d. prod fortune to possess a life interest in 97,000 green acres. Michael Angelo was a Statuary and a Painter; yet the connoisseurs will tell you,

Mutton ..... 4s. 6d. to 5s. 4d. | Pork...

... . 6s. Od. to 6s. Od. we know not with what truth, that he was not inferior to Chantrey or Sir

HEAD OF CATTLE THIS DAY. Thonas Laurence. For our parts, we are almost unwilling to attribute

...... 2,557 | Pigs

110 the success of Marlborougir to his being a Protestant, any more than we

Sheep ..........

..... 16,400 Calves ........ Horhe thrashings which Old Glorious so often received from Luxemburg,

PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW. to be Catholicity of the latter. It is our opinion, an erroneous one per- | Hay .......... L3 3 to £ 5 0 Straw............£1 16 to £2 2 Laps, that religion has nothing at all to do with strategelics. It is cer

Clover £44 to £6 0 12.0, we believe, that neither Alexander, Hannibal, nor Caesar, were Protestants; yet, as the man in the comedy says, " they were pretty

The Average Price of Brown or Muscovado Sugar, computed from the Snows in their day."--Dublin Evening Post.

Returns made in the Week ending December 29, 1824, is 30s. 11 d. per OPPRESSION OF THE Irish CATHOLICS.-The last Number of the Edin Hundred Weiglit, exclusive of the Duties of Customs paid or payable baryk Review, in an article on "Mr. Moore's " Memoirs of Capt. Rock," thereon on the Importation thereof in to Great Britain. rire the following abstract of the penal statutes existing in the last cenary against the Catholics of Ireland. They will startle some of the RECTIFIED SPERM OIL, at 4s. 6d. per Gallon.-UPTON and ascendency-men, and diminish the wonder with which many persons • Co. Oilmen and Chemical Colour Manufacturers, 64, Queen-street, CheapTe* the frequent and violent distractions of Ireland:-". By the articles

side (wear the Southwark Bridge) respectfully acquaint the Public, that, by a

process exclusively their own, they are enabled to render Sperm Oil equal in - Limerick, the Irish were promised the free exercise of their religion ;

purity to Spirits of Wine : it has the brilliancy of the finest Gas, without Smell ist froan that perind :ill the year 1778, every year produced some fresh or Smoke ; and although, from the brightness of its flame, it is peculiarly penalty against that religion—some liberty was abridged, soine right im adapted for Sinambra, French, and all Lamps of a superior kind, it will be ered, or some suffering increased. By Acts in King William's reign,

found advantageous in an economical point, as, from its extreme purity, there is no waste: the saying in Wicks and Cottons is considerable, and there is mora

Beasts ....



Sir Willian Mackintoshbie, Mie.


| Just published, with a superb Coloured Engraving of the Grand Scene of the Yesterday was published, with Engravings, No. I. price 3d. of

Incantation, in the Popular Opera of Der Freischütz, and a second Engraving

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THE VOCAL ANTHOLOGY; consisting of an almost unrivalled Just published, price 28. 6d.

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1. TRIAL of the Rev. ALEXANDER FLETCHER, before the On the 1st of January, No. XXXIII. price 3d.

Lord Chief Justice of the Court of Common Sense, and the following

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THE POLITICAL EXAMINER. Among other alarmist assertions, a statement has run through all the

Servile newspapers, that the Catholic clergy are actively engaged in Party is the madness of many for the gain of a few.-Pops.

disseminating among the people a work called « Pastorini's Prophe

cies," in which the destruction of the Protestants is foretold, with a PROCEEDINGS IN IRELAND.

view to familiarize bigoted Catholics with the idea of a pious exterWe were not deceived in our confident anticipation, that the prosecu

mination of heretics being near at hand. Now the truth is, that this tion of Mr. O'CONNELL would end in the viter discomfiture of the same work has been reprobated by all Catholics of reputation, ever prosecutors. They have been defeated at the very threshold: even a

since its first publication, about 50 years ago. Then as to its circupicked Protestant Grand Jury threw out the bills of indictment, not

lation by Catholic hands-Mr. EnEAS M'DONNELL, the Agent of the withstanding a charge from Mr. Justice Moore, in which a most

Association, has published a letter in the London journals, in which convenient latitude was given for finding sedition, not only in the

he defies the alarmists “ to name one single Catholic "Clergyman words themselves, but in the circumstances under wbich they were

throughout Ireland, who has, publicly or privately, directly or inspoken—" the time when and the place where." All would not do,

et de directly, assisted in the distribution of the book, or any extracts from however, it was impossible to send a man to trial, for simply paving | it.” But Mr. MʻDONNELL enables us to give a shrewd guess who a compliment to the illustrious BOLIVAR. The sensation created by

does circulate the “ Prophecies." "He attended a meeting in London, this event in Dublin is naturally very great. The feeling of triumph

| last April, of a set of Intolerants calling themselves the Irish Society on the part of the people at large is mixed up with a contempt for the

of London," at which a Reverend HUGH M'NEILL, son-in-law of the bafiled absurdity of the prosecution, which must be peculiarly galling

Archbishop of Dublin, declared in his speech, that the « Catholic to a man of talent like Mr. PLUNKETT. On this side the Channel,

Priests of Ireland were, at that very time, actually engaged in plawhere Irish party spirit is little understood, the prevalent sentiment is

carding Pastorini's Prophecies in every quarter of that country, in that of astonishment. “How could the ATTORNEY-GENERAL be so

order to excite the peasantry to deluge it with Protestant blood." Dlind to the humiliating consequences of an almost certain defeat ?" After the meeting, Mr. MʻDONNELL appealed to the Reverend Gera' is asked by every one who has admired the eloquence and ingenuity

tleman to name one only of the body he had denounced in so wholeof the speeches of the Right Hon. WILLIAM PLUNKETT. För want sale a manner. The Protestant Minister confessed he could not, but of a more probable solution, we are fain to adopt the supposition of an added "Well, if they don't do it publicly, they circulate them privately, contemporary—that after the failure of his attempt against the Orange-1

and that is worse." Mr. M ́DONNELL then asked for the name of some men (who were indicted for high treason, for throwing 'a bottle in the IP".

| private placarder, and drew from this precious Preacher of the Gospel theatre at Lord WELLESLEY!) the Learned Gentleman was impatient

of Peace, the following admission—" Well! all I know about it is, to vindicate his trimming principles by a blow at the Catholics, and |

that I got five or six copies from the Archbishop of Dublin !!" Upon caught at the merest whisper of revolutionary allusion. Never, cer

which circumstance, the Champion of Protestantism had thought fit, tainly, was a man in office more humbled. ro i.. .

before a public assembly, to bring a charge of sedition aud bloodWe are sorry that the same Number of our Paper which announces thirsty conspiracy against probably the most exemplary body of priests this genuine triumph of the Catholic Association, should contain a con

in the world! firmation of our fears, that they would be unwise enough to prose

. The vile faction which preys on Treland's vitals, does not however cute the Courier for its attack on Maynooth College. The Conmittee

confine itself to words, in its endeavours to plunge the country into to whom the question was referred reported unanimously in favour of

anarchy. The reader may see some curious particulars in the deche prosecution, and accompanied the advice with a recommendation

bates of the Catholic Association. The newspapers of the past week of two singularly inconsistent measures. One is, that an offer should furnish more: - The High Sheriff of the County of Down, Mr. be made to the Proprietors of the Courier, to direct the legal proceed

CROMMELIN, lately stated to Lord WELLESLEY, that the sale of arms ings solely against the writer of the offensive article, if they would

in Belfast had increased to an alarming extent. The report of course give him up-a manifestly just and honourable course. The other is,

travelled through the official channels to the Home Department; inthat be trial should take place in any Irisb, county the Association quiry was ordered; the Chief Magistrate procured returns from all might select, under a statute called Judge Johnson's Act, which it the dealers in arms; and it turned out that the sale had actually seems gives to prosecutors this extraordinary and monstrous privilege.

decreased! At Rosstrevor, near Newry, a servant gave information, It may be said, in palliation of such a proceeding, that it is a fair reta

that three men, one with his face blackened, got him to show them liation to make the corrupt advocate of everything established taste the

the road to a neighbouring village; that he went with them a part of bitter effects of a part of that legal system of which he is ever lauding

the way, and that they were waited for on the road by other men, the excellence. But principle should not be sacrificed to revenge.

Upon hearing which very marvellous and significant story, without a The Association would advance its cause and reputation much more

single conjecture of probable mischief, two magistrates, named HALL by showing itself above retaliation, than by taking advantage of a dis

and MAGUIRE, called out the Yeomanry, kept them in arms all night, graceful law, to strike at a single adversary, and by that means afford scoured the country, and in short threw into alarm the whole of a' an example and justification for the Orange faction to treat their poli

remarkably peaceful and orderly district! Truly, this is a new tieal enemies in like manner—which they can do with more effect

feature in Irish affairs-the poor ill-used people persisting in remain- , tan the disfranchised Catholics. It is useless to attempt to fight a

ing quiet; and the selfish domineering faction employing the basest dominant party with the weapons of law: a blow may be now and

arts to incite them to violences which would put again in requisition then successfully strack against an official partizan, but in the long

Orange bayonets and gibbets! The humbler classes of the Irish i run the faction in power will have terrible odds in their favour. Be

could not possibly have a more timely or convincing corroboration of es, how do these doings tally with Mr. O'CONNELL's own declara- the truth so forcibly impressed on them by the Association in their t on the other day, that the Catholics, adopting the advice of JEREMY | late,

late admirable Address that' the Orangemen alone benefit by the BUSTLAM, would “not return persecution for persecution ?" Shall a

insubordination of the Catholic peasantry. popular body, appealing solely to public opinion for its own success,

The Courier, however, is prepared with an alarmist inference, in Dot be content to rely on public opinion for a complete exposure of case the Catholics should be obstinately pacific. The poor Irish can he pitiful aspersions of a Tory Journalist against a public college?

never be in the right! When they are provoked into outrage, the cry With all our sympathy with the Catholics, and all our sense of the

is, “ We cannot grant indulgence now, lest it should be mistaken for sjurious effects of defeat, we cannot help wishing that the Association

concession to violence.” When they are determined to be patient and axy share the fate of Mr. PLUNKETT in their prosecution. The artic orderly, in order (as they hope) to give their oppressors no excuse for ce in the Cowier, however false and absurd, is not, in our opinion, WI

| withholding their rights-“ Ah,” says the Treasury hireling," a most maal; and therefore our hostility to the writer should never betray

suspicious state of things !". The reader may think we exaggerate, es into a wish to see him subjected to a punishment which can only 1

but take the heartless retainer's own words:--inflicted on a principle that would justify a hundred prosecutions

“ There is a marked, perhaps an ominous, pause, in the scareer of oulagainst patriotic writers.

rage. And why? What future hope is it that has wrought this rapid The Orangemen are put sadly at fault by the raceableness of the

changes. A mine is quiet, till the moment it explodes. This may be Catbolie population, and are trving hard in .

it is the ! for the laolal

one reason of the calm. But nos say the Catholics themselves

which should be suffered to exist? Is it consistent with the character, tween government and people, on one side of the narrow German the honour, or the interests of the Government, that its own duty, its own Oceap, is quite the reverse on the opposite coast. We begin to susparamount functions, should be thus usurped? We say, unequivocally, pect that those who have attributed to GEORGE the Pourth a secret that if the Associatiou really do thus stand between the Catholics of Ire- ! land, and not only the local government of that country, but the general,

| wish to enfranchise his Catholic subjects, are not mistaken. Never government of the empire, it is a position fraught with danger ; a position

certainly could a Royal Declaration be better timed, supposing the which it should be compelled to abandon.”

object were to serve the cause of the unfortunate Irish. Lord ELDON What does this reasoning amount to, in plain language? Simply 1.1

himself will be strangely puzzled, when this proclamation is thrown this :--the Catholics are quiet, in obedience to the Association;

| in his teeth, the first time he gets up in the House of Lords, to hold therefore they will rebel, inobedience to the Association, whenever

forth on the necessity of keeping six millions of fellow-subjects in de the latter gives the word, as it inevitably will sooner or later; there

gradation and misery, because they profess tenets in common with fore the calm is ominous, and its cause, the Association, ought to be

whole communities in neighbouring states, equally tolerant and toleabolished forthwith. Was there ever a more stupid confusion of

rated. ideas, or a more disingenuous twisting of good into evil? The Ca

IRELAND. tholic Association is a volunteer body, undertaking to exert them

CATHOLIC ASSOCIATION. selves to procure civil rights for their countrymen. While thus

Thursday, December 30. engaged, they address those countrymen, entreating them to abstain The week's Rent was stated to be 4931. 8s. 64d. from violence for their own sakes-shewing them how much outrage Mr. O'CONNELL gave notice of a motion to institute prosecutions delights and benefits their foes the Orangemen, and proportionately against persons detected in sowing plots. He alluded to numerous injures their own cause. In short, they give excellent advice, in the accounts received of such attempts.

| accounts received of such attempts from various parts of the country. most argumentative and persuasive form; the Irish poor adopt it;

At Roscrea, a wretch named Reynolds, a pensioner of Government, swore and this is converted by the Government scribe into crime and dan

before the Magistrates, that he had seen 1600 men drilling with pikes at ger-because the inffuence which the Association, by its advice and

Dromakeenan, on the night of the 17th. Enquiry was made; the Police services, acquires over the Catholic population, may, it is argued, be

examined the alleged spot, but not a single foot-Inark could be found;

tis argued, be and Reynolds absconded. Letters written in blood had also been thrown exerted to incite them to a grand rebellion! We beg the reader to into the Barracks and Post-office. observe the series of monstrous assumptions involved in this argument. A letter was read from Lord Cloncurry, in Devon, expressing a desire First, it is taken for granted, that the Catholic Association are engaged to meet Mr. O'Connell and the other Gentlemen of the English deputain a traitorous conspiracy—that all their present language and pro- tion in London. Mr. Shiel delivered an eloquent speech, pointing out ceedings are designed solely as the means of obtaining a despotic the inode in which the people of England might be convinced, that ihere influence over the bulk of their countrymen, to be used, at the first

was nothing inherent in the Catholic religion which rendered its pro. favourable moment, in stirring up an insurrection: an impudent and

fessors unfit for political freedom; and that it was the policy, as well as calumnious assumption! Secondly, it is assumed, that because the

duty, of England, to enfranchise seven millions of fellow-subjects, whose

disaffection was dangerous to the state, and would be changed into affeeAssociation have, by reason and eloquence, persuaded the Catholics

tion by a just coucession, that it is their interest to try a peaceful and legal, instead of a violent

Mr. O'CONNELL read the Report of the Committee to which the quesand sanguinary, mode of obtaining relief from their load of wrongs, tion respecting the prosecution of the Courier was referred. The Com therefore the Association-(whose sole influence, be it observed, is mittee unanimously recommended that the prosecution should be comderived from the respect and affection with which their zeal, talent, menced, and that under Judge Johnson's Aci, which authorises a proseand consistency, inspire the people)-could, whenever they please, cution for libel in any county in which the libellous matter circulates, persuade the Irish, that it is their interest to recur to outrage and in

the defendant should be summoned to stand trial in some county likely to surrection! The Courier might as well contend that if a man gives

ensure a fair and impartial verdict. That the prosecution should be his friend good advice and does him a service one day, he will there

instituted against the writer of the article concerning Maynooth, if he by acquire such an influence over his mind, that the next day he shall

could be goi at. That the Proprietors of the Courier should be informed,

that the prosecution of them would be dropped, if they would give up be able to persuade him to a course diametrically opposite to that the writer. That the proceeding should be by civil action (which allows which he had previously recommended. The secret of this annoy- the defendant to plead the truth) if the proprietors chose to waive the ance at the pacific influence of the Association, is however let out technical difficulties which opposed that course. And that, at all events, presently afterwards. That assembly, it seems, “ usurps the func- the prosecutors would enter into a written stipulation, that a' verdict of tions of Government.” How? Why, the Government, when nobody acquittal should be entered, if the truth of the alleged libel was proved. interferes, keeps the population in constant ferment and disturbance: The Report was adopted; and measures were ordered to be taken but when their own friends and advocates --(the Catholic Association)

(the Catholin Asenniation accordingly. talk to them in the mild language of reason and sympathy, the Irish |

Some conversation arose regarding Mr. Cobbett's works;--the Grampeasants are induced to be peaceful-an anomaly perfectly intolerable

mars and the Cottage Economy were in particular eulogized. Mr. Cou

way gave notice of a motion, that part of the money destined to promote to a supporter of Legitimacy and Social Order. What! to think that the education of the poor, should be spent in the purchase and distributhe peasantry should riot, rob, kill, burn, and destroy, when they are tion of the latter work. commanded by the awful voice of mingled Church and State to be submissive; and that they should become as quiet as lambs, whén PROSECUTION OF MR. O'CONNELL DEFEATED. simply advised to be patient by an unauthorized Association of mere The Special Commission was opened on Saturday, January 1, at the subjects, who cannot even boast of corporate rights! The audacious court in Green-street, Dublin. Mr. Justice Moore and Mr. Justice Van fellows, too, to presume“ to perform the duty" of Government, as

| deleur presided. The panel of Grand Jurors was called over., Although the Courier terms it-how can any well-constituted mind bear the

98 names were on the panel, and although a great many of the most idea, that where the people would rebel, if all was left to themselves

wealthy and respectable merchants of Dublin are Catholics, not a single

Catholic was placed on this panel and their superiors, a set of impertinent fellows should step in and

In charging the Grand Jury, Mr. Justice Moore said, that it was not kcep the peace between ruler and subject!

necessary to prove the exact words spoken, which were alleged to be A more effectual answer than even the exposition of these absurdi- seditious,-but they must be quite satisfied as to their spirit and purport. ties, has however been given to the Courier, and the whole Anti-Catho They were further to consider the intent with which the words were lic tribe: we mean by the Proclamation of his Majesty the King of spoken,--whether the person uttering them, taking into account their HANOVER, inserted in our last Number, in which the perfect inde- spirit and context, the time when, and the place where uttered, had a pendence of each sect in the Hanoverian dominions, is more sedi

is more seditious and unlawful intention, or whether they were spoke in the plain particularly explained and secured, to prevent all misconception

and ordinary sense, without any such meaning. of his Majesty's rigid determination to place every religion on a

The Jury retired about half past two. The bills of indictment and the

witnesses (sundry Reporters for the Dublin papers) were sent in to them. perfect civil and political level. The Catholic Association will do

The Catholic Association will do in the mean time, Mr. O'Connell left the couri, and was enthusiastically well to have this Proclamation printed in a cheap form, and circulated greeted by the people in the streets, who persisted in following bim to in every corner of the island, as well as read by every parish priest to Capel-street, in spite of his remoustrances. “At a quarter past five, the his congregation, for a dozen successive Sundays. We do not say it Jury returned into Court, to ask the Judge, whether the identical words settles the question about Catholics and Protestants living together in must be proved. Mr. Justice Moore said it was not necessary, if the harmony, without striving to tyrannize over each other, provided there substance and meaning were the same. Mr. O'Connell's Counsel argued are no political distinctions on account of difference of faith, -because

that the identity of words was essential, but the Judge ruled otherwise. that question has long been settled by the experience of all the great

The Jury returned, and at half past six finally came into Court. As they and enlightened communities of Europe, as well as by the example nounced, that the finding of the Jury was-No Bill.

handed down the bills, a solemn silence prevailed. The Clerk anof the United States ;—but we do say, that it puts the matter in a

The instant these joyous sounds were caught by the crowd, a burst of shape which must be overwhelming to all loyal Anti-Catholics, who enthusiastic applause escaped the anxious auditory. The shout of are not prepared to maintain, that the good King of ENGLAND is a triumph was echoed outside ; and now people of all ranks and conditions bad King of HANOVER, or that what is politically just and wise, be- were seen running through the streets, shouting, “ No bill! po bill!"

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