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best to abolish the custom, but it was one not half so offensive as this well did he retouch the intelligent but somewhat coarse female face in which has arisen in its place. With every respect for the worthy 47, The Shepherd's Visit. The graces of manner and the graces of mind, prompter, we must beg the manager will allow him to vacate his united to youthfulness, might, and do, in real life, often inspire a tender seat among the instrumental performers, and take a more retired
retired regard ; and even without them, it is sometimes induced by a je ne scais
reg station behind the scenes.
quoi, visible only to the creating eye of the lover. But all these will not
do in a picture, particularly where the main subject is love. In all other
COVENT-GARDEN. points, the Artist puts us in possession of his subject, and the mental as Ox Monday evening, a new melo-drama was produced at this thea- well as manual display is made con amore. The eager haste of the tre under the title of Father and Son, or the Rock of La Charbonnière. clasping Shepherd, and the joyous welcome of the Cottager, are at par It is of horrific concoction, and founded on two recent narratives from with the spirited touch, warm and deep colour.- The sun pleasingly cheers the French newspapers; the first, we believe, with some pretension to
the horison in Mr. O'CONNOR's Landscape, 39. Very lively light and fact, relative to a sort of cannibal or fugitive maniac, called Antoine;
colour, with strong shade, bring out with apt power the facetious inciand the other, one of those pieces of invention, which the foreign
dents in Mr. WITHERINGTON's picture of John Gilpin, 319,—The spirit journals introduce with a convenient mystification as to the predica
of philosophic reflection, and of quiet and delicious fancies, is raised and
cherished by the soft season of moonlight : and we therefore thank Mr. ments of time and place, in order to amuse the world. Our readers Holland for his annual renewals in the Gallery of subjects which confer 2. may possibly recollect a tale of this kind, imported a few weeks ago this pleasure.-In 43, A City, with the rising of the Moon, we can readily
& from the source alluded to, in which a guardian embezzles the fortune conceive some of the Nature-loving inhabitants“ stealing from the crowd,” - of his ward, and wishing, with a view to cover the fact, to marry her and surrounded by the mildly radiated and shadowy umbrage, feasting E'to his son, on her refusal intends to murder her in the night, but by an | their imaginations, accidental exchange of beds becomes the assassin of his own daugh
“ And wooing lone quiet in her silent walks.” ter. Upon this last hint is the present melo-drama framed, and it is
In 90, Landscape, under the effect of Moon and Firelight, the effect is connected with the former, by Monsieur le Count St. Angeville, the
enriched in colour by the vermeil reflection of fire mixing with and said amiable guardian, introducing the wild assassin Antoine into his at the expense of the placid feeling raised by the undisturbed tranquillity
glowing on the pale atmosphere of the moon ; but it is perhaps somewhat chateau, to commit the murder in lieu of himself. Antoine, however, of moonlight. There is solid painting in 71, Minnow Fishers, by Mr. only pretends to stab the lady, and bears off his unfortunate victim to RICHARDSON. The freshness and coolness of the green and blue colours hiş cave, with a gallant view to a connexion for life. The morning harmonize with, and are agreeably warmed by, the reds and yellows, breakfast hour, by producing the intended victim, discovers to the There is a sparkling and smoky effect of ships firing, a looseness of pencil, Count the extent of his guilt; and, at this moment, the Marquis Le-a transparency and swell of water, with a mingle of gold and silver tints, noir appears with a band of soldiers to claim the assistance of the in 197, Battle of Trafalgar, that strongly recommend this Artist as a Count in aidiog the pursuit of a fugitive assassin, called Antoine. The
Marine painter.—The contrast of strong blue in a near middle ground, agitation of the Count betrays his guilt; on which Victor, his son, a
and a river with the warm fore ground, in 55, by Mr. P.REINAGLE, R.A.
is, we submit, harsh, if not unnatural.-Mr. NASMYTA and dayliglit shine noble-minded young man, who is altogether innocent, but apprehends
in 76, Cottage scene near Godstone. His spirited leafy touches reflect the the whole truth, takes the murder upon himself, and is confined with
golden summer sun-set, in 135, View in the parish of Worth. The finishing his father in a room in the chateau, from which, with the assistance is beautiful, but a little too much like Hobbima.--There is an edgy of an old German servant, they however contrive to escape. In the outline and insufficient finishing in 142, The Guard-room of the Life mean time the savage Antoine is encountered in the forest, bearing Guards, by Mr. Novice; but these are more than outweighed by the off his fainting prey, by a young Officer, the lover of Amy the ward, well painted costume, the natural action of the men, the unconstrained who, after he has hid the lady in his cave, holds him at bay, until shot
intercourse, and the social as well as atmospheric sunshine of the picture. by the old German valet, who comes up at the critical moment, pistol in
The accustomed knowledge of Mr. S. W. REYNOLDS in light and colour,
is seen in 176, An Interior.-Excepting an overwrought smoothness, Mr. hand. The father and son are next seen, making their way across the rocks, when suddenly the soldiers appear in pursuit, and the former,
WOODWARD paints horses and their riders well : he puts his figures in
good action and light, as is plain from 237, A Leg-up, 112, Run away, &c. with strict poetical justice, is mortally wounded by a musket-shot.
327, Hudibras and the Widow, and 325, À Scene from Peveril of the Peak, With genuine melo-dramatic effect, his daughter at the sound rushes show strong feeling for character in Mr. Cawse; but he has an indifferent en iraun the cave, the Count has the satisfaction to perceive that he has eye for colour,--Miss E. JONES paints with a warm force of colour. It is not been the murderer he supposes, and the curtain drops,
badly accompanied, however, in 219, by a swoln form of a Bacchante. We need not say that this is stage-effect materiel, and it has been A correct eye and chaste effects accompany Mr. CHANTREY's pictures of used accordingly. The great defect consists in the abruptness with Still Life, 187, 191.-Mr. Glover's Ullswater exhibits the mildly lustrous which an apparently respectable Nobleman becomes a monster, and effect of an evening sunshine seen through a shady foreground. in the miserable baldness of the dialogue. Our contemporaries have
R. H. er been harsh upon the savage man and the horrors,—and truly they are
IRELAND... by no means to our own taste;—but is not this order of the horrible
CATHOLIC ASSOCIATION. legitimate, in the illegitimate province of the drama under considera
Wednesday, Feb. 23. tion? In the present instance, however, there is certainly some unnecessary dilation, and a little compression will much improve it. The
The Rent for the previous six days was stated to be upwards of 8001.
Of that sum, 1001. was from Mr. Kelly and his sons, a wealthy Catholie acting may be briefly dismissed. BENNETT and Cooper, as father family residing at Acton, near London. An animated debate took place and son, did as much as their characters allowed; as also Miss Love, on the proceedings in Parliament. the Ward, and Mr. DURUSSET, as a pair of very harmless musical Mr. COPPINGER alluded to the charge so often made against the Catholic lovers. There was also some comedy displayed in the French House - priests, of exercising a fearful influence over their flocks : they had been keeper of Mrs. DAVENPORT, and the German Valet of FARLEY; but even accused of withholding absolution, and employing ecclesiastical siger all, the weight lay in the melo-dramatic efforts of T. P. COOKE, censures for unjustifiable purposes. But what would the Catholic As23 Antoine, and Mrs. VINING, as the devoted daughter, who were cer
sociation, what would the country and Parliament, think, when they tainly excellent in their way. The house was very attentive, and the
should find a beneficed clergyman, a dignitary of the Protestant Church
(Hear, hear!)-soliciting a Catholic Priest to employ the so much depiece was announced for repetition without opposition, at least we
out opposition, at least we cried censures of his Church against an entire Catholic parish ? (Hear, beard Rone, although some of our brethren assert the contrary. A hear!) In a Country Parish in the Diocese of Cloyne, containing very coarse and tasteless species of entertainment, doubtless—but what few Protestants, a new Catholic Church was erecting, the old Chapel then? People of passive, or of merely recipient imagination, as Vol- being in a state of ruin. The Parish Priest applied for a subscription to TAIBE ably shows, are this way attracted, and they form a vast majo- the Protestant Rector, who, although he never resided in the parish, drew rity. Looking at the play-bills, however, some improvement is pos- from it, in the shape of tithes, nearly 10001. a-year (Hear!) He received, sibly taking place, for this new batch of horrors appears not in the in reply, a letter, giving him an order for 51. on a man whó, he (Mr. C.) announcements.
understood, was not worth five pence! But the bounty did not stop here; the Rev. Gentleman went on in the letter to assure the Priest, that he was
a great sufferer by the parish, that he was literally ruined by it, as it FINE ARTS.
owed him no less á sum than 2,0001. ; but that if the Priest would under
take to issue ecclesiastical censures, and by excommunicating the parishBRITISH INSTITUTION.
ioners, enable him (the Rector) to get in the 2,0001. arrears of tithes, in The Directors have bestowed upon Mr. Bailey the deserved compliment that case, he generously promised io give an additional subscription of of giving his fine sculptured Group, 410, Affection, a separate and cen- | 101.!! (Loud cheers.) trical situation in the Gallery ; as they properly also have Mr. SIEVIER's Mr. BARRON noticed the remarkable contradictions which the promoters Bacchante asleep, where the retiring, prominent, and indeed all parts of of the bill against the Association gave to each other in Parliament, by the figure, are carved with captivating analogy to youthful beauty-an their inconsistent charges against the Catholic leaders and people. One Erduous attainment in a form naked and larger than life.--Mr. Bailey's Gentleman calls upon the House to put down the Association, because composition is a caressing mother and infant, where beauty is inspired tbat, possessing the confidence of the country, and virtually, though not by the mingling soul of mutual affection.-Beauty is so indispensable a professedly, representing the people, it was pregnant with danger. quality is a picture of youthful courtship, that Mr. FRASER would do Another Member implores them, as they value the cause of Catholic Emancipation, to put down the Association as not expressing the senti-through. She descended from the carriage, and pusbing the people ments, or possessing the confidence of the people, by whom it is considered away to the right and to the left, slipt away with the air of a princess an incumbrance from which they wish to be relieved. Mr. Goulburn into Melbourne-house. As soon as she had passed the threshold, the door anticipates the most dangerous consequences, because the Association is was closed upon her. · A loud shriek was heard immediately afterwards, assisted and zealously supported by the Catholic Priests, whom he repre-which was however almost drowned in the noise created by the rattling sents as a deep, designing, and dangerous body of men, upon whose of the travelling carriage which then drove away. The people, after loyalty reliance is not to be placed. Mr. Plunkett immediately stands expressing their wonder, at what had occurred, dispersed, and in a lew up, vowing that the Catholic Clergy are the most loyal, the most pious, minutes, left the street in the same state of tranquillity it had enjoyed the most exemplary, the most calumniated, in fact, paragons of perfection. previously to the occurrence of this extraordinary transaction.-Times. Such was the evidence, such the concurrent testimony upon which Parliament was called upon to adopt a measure tending fearfully to trench
BROWN'S GAS VACUUM ENGINE. upon the dearest privileges of the subject !
TO THE EDITOR OF THE EXAMINER.
Sir,-Mr. Brown's Gas Vacuum Engine having been repeatedly PAINFUL OCCURRENCE IN HIGH LIFE.
mentioned in your paper, as well as in most of the periodical publications About half-past seven o'clock on Monday evening, a carriage and four for news or science, I take the liberty of sending you a few caleulations drove down Parliament-street at so rapid a rate as to attract general for the purpose of ascertaining its merits. Mr. Brown has never, I believe, notice. As it came to the Admiralty, a lady put her head out of the published any very exact data ; all that I have been able to meet with carriage window, screamed violently, and called upon the people to pro are, that "the patentee calculates on raising 200 to 300 gallons of water tect her. A gentleman immediately pulled her back into the carriage fifteen feet high, with one cubic foot of gas," (Register of Arts and with some little violence. The lady repeated her cries for assistance in a Sciences, No. 22) and that the vacuum produced is indicated by 22 a 24 tone of such intense agony as to induce several persons to insist upon the inches of mercury: Dr. Fyfe says 24 a 26 inches. post-boys stopping directly. The postboys however drove ou. The Now, allowing gas made on the spot to cost 5s. per 1000 cubic feet, people instantly pursued the carriage. The lady continued her shrieks, 300,000 gallons may be raised 15 feet for 5s. without regard to time ; in and a voice was heard ordering it to be driven to Melbourne-house. doing this the water is admitted at once into the vacuum chamber, in the Before it could be got there, a crowd of people surrounded it, drew it on manner of Savery's, or rather Kier's steam-engine, and there is no loss of one side, but, after a little consultation, allowed it to drive up to the power from complicated machinery ; but supposing the vacuum perfect, causeway before that mansion. On its arriving there, every body seemed ihe utmost height is only about 33 feet, and therefore this plan is of anxious to discover the cause of the outery. The lady, who appeared to limited application; whereas, at some of the water-works, upwards of be about 35 years af age, ordered a servant to knock at the doors of Mel | 160,000 gallons are raised per hour against a pressure equivalent to a bourne-house, but declared her resolute determination not to enter them column of 120 feet, at a cost of less than 5s. for fuel, which is equal to on any account. The door was opened, and shortly afterwards the door 1,280,000 gallons per hour through 15 feet, and this, notwithstanding the of the carriage. A gentleman in a blue frock-coat got out of it, as also al complication of machinery necessary to work a forcing-pump. little boy. The lady was then desired to get out and follow them. She From such loose information it is almost impossible to ascertain the ratio refused in the most vehement terms, and called upon the people to pro- l that the gas consumed bears to the vacuum obtained, but it cannot be less tect her, as they formerly protected their Queen, 'declaring at the same than 2 per cent. ; assuming that ratio, the application to an engine of su time that a conspiracy had been hatched, and was then executing against power will not at first apppear so disproportionate, A six-horse engine her, quite as dangerous as that which had been hatched and executed as a piston of 14% inches diameter, a stroke 2 feet 4 inches long, and against her late Majesty. The servants, who appeared to be her's, makes 40 strokes or 80 exhaustions in a minute, and consequently reattempted to pacify her, She refused to listen to their entreaties, and quiring 12,843 cubic feet of vacuum per hour, consuming about 4515s. of again called upon the people to assist her. When one of her servants coals, at most of a bushel, which, at 42g, per chaldron, would be 10 d per told her that no harm was intended to her, she looked at him earnestly hour, whereas the gas at 2 per cent would be nearly 257 cubic feet, and in the face, and addressing him by name, said, " I know you-you are an would cost ls. 3 d.; but the power of gas will not come nearer to șteam honest German soldier-but there is a conspiracy to drive me down to than 12lbs. to 16lbs. on the square inch, after deducting for the air pump Brocket-hall, where I am determined not to go, or to go only as a corpse. J of the steam-engine, therefore a proportionate increase of capacity and I have seen for the last time the children that I love, and the husband expense will be required to equalize the power; the gas would therefore that I adore ; and out of this carriage I will not stir, except by force." | be 3425 cubic feet, and cost ls. 8}d, nearly twice the cost of steam. But She again complained of a conspiracy, and called on William Lamb, the I this is supposing the vacuum could be made in the piston cylinder, which husband of her love, to protect her from it. The coachman with a female I believe has never yet been effected, nor is very likely to be: the vacuum attendant from Melbourne-house, both addressed her in a respectful lis however obtained in the piston cylinder by transser; that is, the cylinder manner; but she told the first in a peremptory tone, that he was her full of air is opened into the vacuum chamber, and its contents equally coachman, and ought to know his station, and waved her hand in a diffused throughout the two. This method must be productive of great majestic manner to keep the latter back. She then again addressed the loss of power or gas ; if the vessels are equal, one half of the power wm people, and besought them to rescue her. If she were carried down to be lost. In one which I have seen constructing by Mr. Frası, the price Brocket-hall she should soon be a worm, but, thank God, not such worms portion was 8 to 1, the loss of power was therefore , but the cost for gas as those would be who could see her treated with such indignity. The I would be eight-fold, or 135, 8d., being upwards of 15 times that of steau. female servant again addressed her, saying, “ My Lady, for pity's sake | This method of application may be varied, but will always be productive come into the house." The lady again and again repeated her determi- of great loss in some way. nation not to do so. The people, who had gazed upon this spectacle for To the proposition of applying the Gas Vacuum Engine to the purpose some time in silent curiosity, begau to ask each other who this unfortunate of moving carriages, another objection presents itself; the gas must lady was. One of the queries, we should suppose, reached her ear; for conveyed in a condensed state : if an engine on the principle above she immediately cried out, “ Send for my brother, for the Duke of luded to be used, and it was then proposed to be, it would require ento
eitber Devonshire. I am now dying; I feel that I am ; but I have a husband | a very large vessel or high condensation. The Portable Gas Compar that I adore, and I have seen him for the last time. You will all soon am informed, condense 10 times, which gives an expansive force of know who I am: I am a worm-a sinner. I have committed many sins, pounds on the square inch ; even with that condensation it would require but I trust that they will all be pardoned. But you who are you, who a vessel of 171 cubic feet every hour. will not assist a poor defenceless woman?" Then with a tone of inex- As to inertia and friction, I suppose them about equal in both cases. pressible contempt she added, “ You are the same mean varlets who | If this account should prove erroneous, I believe it will be from want hissed my grandfather the great Duke of Marlborough." The amazement of data respecting the Gas Engine, which certainly Mr. Brown mig of the crowd was extreme." Whilst it was yet at its height, another ser-have furnished ere now. At any rate it may serve to give an idea of vant came and took her by the hand, as if to force her out of it. She manner and necessity of calculating such questions. immediately retreated back into the carriage from the step on which she
I am, your obedient servant, had stood to address the multitude, and swore that by force she never 25th February, 1825. would leave it. If she left it, she would walk out of it, for the Queen of England had walked through the people, and why should not she? “I hope to God," continued the lady, "there is somebody here from the
UNITED PARLIAMENT. newspapers to see how I am treated; they have eyes every-where, ears every-where. I trust their eyes will see my sufferings, and their ears
HOUSE OF LORDS. catch my shrieks, in order that my fate may be known to the world.”
Monday, February 28. Finding that nobody interfered on her behalf, the servants again came to
SCOTCH JURÍES. the lady, who appeared in a state of intense agitation, and endeavoured
Lord MELVILLE brought in a Bill for amending the mode of chusing to convince her that she would suffer no injury by entering Melbourne
juries in Scotland. In that country, the prisoner received a list of house. The lady at last consented to go along with them; but before
names from which his jury was struck fifteen days before trial; and.no she left the carriage, she stood upon the step, cast her eyes to Heaven,
proposed, in addition to this, to alter the present inode of chusing juries, and raising her hand said, " I shall soon be carried from this house down
which was left to the Judge, and make them be chosen by ballot, leav.. to Brocket-hall, but I shall go a corpse. May God forgive me the sins,
both to the prisoner and the prosecutor an equal right of challenge. they are not many, I have cominitted in this my state of trouble and
bill was then read the first time. existence," A servant offered to hand her from the carriage. She CATHOLIC ASSOCIATION ILLEGAL SOCIETIES' BILL-THE ESTArefused his hand, but ordered him to clear her a way through the people
BLISUED CLERGY, to those ungrateful noisy varlets who dared to hiss their benefactor The Bill for suppressing unlawful Associations in Ireland was brought Tarlborough.” The people formed an avenue for the lady to pass up and read a first time, and a great number of petitions agamist
Bill, and a few in its favour, were afterwards presented. Among the condemn after. (Hear, 'hear!)-Lord DARNLEY followed on the same latter was one from the Archdeacon and Clergy of the Diocese of side. --The House then divided-For the motion, 23 ; against it, 69. Bath, on the reading of which, Lord FitzwILLIAM condemned the illi- Lord LIVERPOOL then proposed the second reading of the Bill, using beral, impolitic, and unjust spirit in which it was penned, declared his precisely the same line of argument as that taken by the supporters of disapprobation of penal laws which went to controul the consciences of the measure in the other House --Lord KING insisted that the measure men, and said it was dreadful to think of the consequences which might would make Ireland more like a hell than ever, for it would confirm the follow from persisting in inflicting misery, on six millions of human possession of that power by which the strong had always oppressed the beings.
weak,-Lord TEYNAAM supported the Bill. -Lord GROSVENOR opposed The Bishop of BATH and Wells, who presented the petition, ex it: he expressed his happiness at seeing that the “No-popery prejudices pressed his surprise at hearing it so attacked, as the sentiments, in his had dwindledinto insignificance ; for though, his Lordship said, the handopinion, reflected credit on those from whom it came.
writing was upon the wall, the people cared nothing about it, and it had Lord Holland observed, that he was willing to receive the petition, been completely beaten out of the field, by Dr. Eady, Day and Martin, notwithstanding the falsehoods it contained, the gross allegations with and Hunt's Matchless Blacking! (Laughter.) His Lordship also nowhich it was filled, and the bad spirit and temper which it betrayed. ticed the distressing situation to which Ministers had reduced the Sove(Hear, hear!)-The Petitioners, his Lordship said, came humbly before reign, who, as King of Hanover, was all conciliation, and as King of Eng. the House ; but where was their Christian humility in their arrogant land, was all coercion ! (Hear, hear!)–Lord GoSFORD opposed the Bill. denial of equal privileges to their Christian brethren ?---where their The Duke of Sussex contended that no reason had been shown for the Christian charity in attributing improper motives to their neighbours, measure, and that a thousand had been adduced in favour of granting to and ascribing designs to them which they solemnly disavowed? (Hear, the Catholics the benefit of equal laws.--Lord CARBERY briefly supported hear!)
the Bill.-Lord LANSDOWN opposed it, arguing that it would even be The Bishop of CHESTER said he did not approve of all the expressions ineffectual for its avowed object, as the Catholics could not be prevented in the petition ; but a similar harshness of language was to be found in from meeting, nor from giving money to forward their objects. It was, the language of the Catholics, who spoke of the Established Clergy as he said, in the very nature of things, that discontent and disorder would “ hungry Protestant Parsons !”
be consequent upon the withholding from men their natural rights. IreLord CARNARVON contended, that the prejudices of the petitioners hadland, added his Lordship-applying an admirable sentence of Milton) led them to distort facts, for they prayed that the Protestants might be was “ a nation not slow and dull, but of a quick, ingenious, and piercing protected against the spiritual violence, oppression, and tyranny, of the spirit; acute to invent, subtile and sinewy to discourse ; not beneath the Catholics? Now he had always understood, that the oppression was not reach of any point the highest that human capacity can soar to." And threatened, but inflicted, by the Protestant body. It was to be regretted, his Lordship begged the House to recollect, that over this nation there that the Petitioners should have thrown such diseredit on themselves and was exerted that most tremendous engine of modern times--the PRESS; their Order by the uncharitable nature of their allegations, and the false- a power which, like that of electricity, roused the latent fire which exa hood of their assertions. They had justified Lord Clarendon's character isted in every part of ihe national economy, woke every sympathy of of Churchmen, who said, that of all classes of men the Clergy were on human nature to the keen enjoyment of the advantages which existed for general subjects the least informed, and took the most incorrect view of the universal good of society.---Lord HARROWBY admitted that the prohuman affairs,
visions of the Bill might possibly be evaded, but he entertained a sanLord King expressed his belief that such a petition could not have guine hope, that, when passed, it would be submitted to ; and he concome from any other corporation or place in the kingdom than from the tended that the Catholic Association had been productive of mischief to “ Wise Men” of the Diocese whence it issued. Such a mass of nonsense the Catholic cause.On a division, the second reading of the Bill was could no where else bave been concocted. The clergy in that town were carried by 146 to 44. entirely in the dark. They knew nothing. They had not even perused
Friday, March 4. the liberal proclamation of the liberal King of Hanover. He wished the The Catholic Association Suppression Bill passed through a Committee right reverend Prelate of the Diocese would take that Proclamation and of the whole House, and was ordered to be read a third time on Monday. hang it upon the door of his private chapel. (Hear, hear!)-He would Lord SUFFIELD's Bill, declaring the use of Spring-guns unlawful, was probably be asked by the petitioners, “ What have we to do with Hano- read a second time. It declares, that where death may be occasioned by ver?" as it had anciently been asked, “ what good can come out of such engines, the persons who set them shall be deemed guilty of ManNazareth ?" He would say, much good can come out of Hanover, if the slaughter-that bruises and wounds produced by them, to be a misdeRev. Gentlemen would read that liberal proclamation
meanor--and that persons finding spring guns or other offensive engines Lord CLIFDEN observed, that our Church was called a poor Church, set in woods, plantations, &c, may“ render the same harmless." and so it was, if the livings of some of its members were considered ; while it must be called a rich Church, if its higher emoluments were
HOUSE OF COMMONS. taken into the account. The inequality of livings was a great evil. We found clergymen with 20,0001. a-year, and others with 25l. A poor
Monday, Feb. 28. curate jo bis neighbourhood performed the duties of two parishes, and
JOINT STOCK COMPANIES. had only 251, for each.-[The Bishops said nothing to this.]
Mr. PBTER MOORE having moved the second reading of the Oil Gas
Company Bill, Mr. Grenfell took occasion to remark, that it ill became Tuesday, March 1. Lord GROSVENOR introduced the subject of the Mining Companies, in
Parliament to give any encouragement to a number of companies which
might be merely calculated to delude the public.-Mr. Huskisson agreed, order to contradict the rumour that he had made 3 or 400,0001. by spe
that many proposed companies might be delusive. It was impossible for culating in them. He said, he held no shares in these Companies, though
bim to ascertain what speculations were good and what bad ; indeed that he thought that bona fide undertakings of the kind might become highly
seemed a question for the public exclusively to decide, before they emadvantageous to the commerce of the country. Thursday, March 3.
barked in them. If any company solicited a bill to exempt the shareThe Earl of Essex made some observations, in a tone of voice not suffi
holder from or to limit their pecuniary liability, he should oppose it; but ciently audible, which, it is said, related to the propriety of striking Mr.
when nothing more was sought, by this and other bills, than the mere
convenience of suing and being sued by the Secretary, he saw no objecKendrick's name from the list of Magistrates.
tion to granting such a request-as it by no means affected the merit or CATHOLIC ASSOCIATION -UNLAWFUL SOCIETIES SUPPRESSION BILL.
demerit of any scheme.--Mr. Hume said he should be sorry to see the A number of petitions were presented, chiefly, against the suppression
House meddle with the subject of private speculations, or throw impediof the Catholic Association. One of them, however, was from certain
ments in the way of enterprise. Individuals should do as they liked with Orangemen, presented by Lord KENYON, complaining of calumny, and
their property; and the evil would cure itself.-Mr. BARING was of a praying that they might be heard in vindication of themselves.
different opinion, and expressed his surprise that the bill talked of so early Lord CARNARVON, after urging various arguments in justification of
in the session (Lord Eldon's) should not have been brougbt forward yet. the Catholic Association, moved that Counsel should be heard against
--The bill was forwarded. the Bill by which that body would be suppressed.-Lord LIVERPOOL
| Petitions were presented from all parts of the country, praying for a objected to the motion, on the ground that the Bill was not a particular coe, but directed against all Associations; and that it was against all
| repeal of the Assessed Taxes, particularly the House and Window doties. rule, and would be productive of great inconvenience, to hear Counsel,
THE BUDGET. for no man or body of men could be heard against the enactment of a
In a Committee of Ways and Means,—The CHANCELLOR of the Exchggeneral law.-Lord GREY contended, that common justice required that Quer, after congratulating the House on the auspicious state of the the Catholic Association should be heard before they were condemned; country's fipances, proceeded to remind it, that he had, last session, and as to the assertion, that the Bill was directed against all associations,
estimated the surplus of the revenue for 1824 at 1,050,0001. out of which and therefore a general measure, it was a miserable quibble, and a disa he supposed the repayment on the Silk Duties repeal would take 460,0001. bonest pretext; for it was notorious that the Catholic Association was as
That repayment however turned out to be 900,0001.; notwithstanding exclusively the object of the Bill, as if its name had occurred in every which, the revenue had so greatly improved, that the surplus for 1824 cause of it. (Hear, hear!)-The Lord CHANCELLOR urged the same proved to be 1,437,7441. (Hear, hear!) He attributed this brilliant arguments as Lord Liverpool, and contradicted the report that he was result partly to the increased consumption of foreign manufactures, partly the author of the Bill, though, he said, it had his perfect concurrence. to the increased ability of other nations to purchase our manufactures. Lord HOLLAND maintained that to hear Counsel against the Bill was The revenue of Excise last year exceeded bis calculation by no less a 1 course called for by policy, by generosity, and by justice; and that sum than 1,143,000l. Taking the revenue prospectively to 1827, at a there were many precedents for such a proceeding, some of which his o derate estimate, he reckoned on a surplus on the four years together lordshin named. He coniored the House not to overthrow that great
o 1827) of about 4,000,000l. The relief from taxation which these
three ways ; first, to the further relaxation of the restrictive system ; Mr. Hobhouse thought it would have been better to equalize the duty secondly, to check smuggling, the most monstrous evil which now on all foreign wives at 58. He was persuaded the country would not be call afflicted England; thirdly, to a mitigation of the weight of the direct satisfied with the small reduction in the Assessed Taxes. taxes. He was quite aware, that if he sought popularity alone in bis Mr. John SMITH recommended a reduction on the duties of sugar, as juli measures, his best plan wonld be to confine the reductions to the Assessed | calculated both to serve the West India grower and the consumer at home. : Taxes; but he was convinced, that he should better consult the true Mr. Hart Davis pressed the necessity of a reduction of the duties on interests of the country, by applying a part of the surplus revenue in tobacco. It was the main article in smuggling. There never was a furtherance of those principles, of free trade, which government had greater export from America of that article than at present, and yet the already acted upon with such happy results. With this view, his Right duties in this country and in Ireland, with an increased population, were Hon. Friend Mr. Huskisson would in a short time submit to the House a diminished! proposal to reduce within reasonable limits all those prohibitory duties | Mr. Hume was disposed to give the Chancellor of the Exchegter the it wbich shut out the produce of other countries from England, without the greatest credit for acting upon such enlarged and statesman-like prigerples, IN slightest advantage to the English manufacturer. One of these-the duty | but he deprecated his stopping short with so salutary a system. He was on foreiga iron-he at once proposed to reduce from 31. to 11. 10s. This persuaded, that if the duties on Malt and Tobacco were reduced 50 per would give a great impetus to the manufacture of hardware, &c.; many cent. the result would be, that the consumption would be considerably in orders for wbich at Sheffield, Birmingham, &c. could not be executed, I creased, the comforts of the people augmented, and the whole of the owing to the inadequate supply and enormously increased price of British present revenue (if not inproved) at least realised. The country was 1 iron. He did not think however this reduction of duty should be applied | debarred from the full action of those enlarged principles, in consequences to all foreiga nations, but that it should be extended first to those which of the mistaken policy of maintaining the Sinking Fund, to buy up at 95, were most disposed to follow our example in regard to a freer commercial per cent. what the country borrowed at 50 or 60. intercourse. Mr. Robinson then enumerated the various other reductions Mr. HUSKISSON observed, that when so many expectations existed, all he proposed, with the reasons for each in substance as follows :
of which it was impossible for government to comply with, he was not a HEMP.-Duty to be lowered from 18. to 6d. per pound, a great benefit surprised at the calls upon his Right Hon. Friend (Mr. Robinson) to to the shipping interest. Supposed loss to the revenue, 100,0001.
repeal this and that particular impost. It was satisfactory however that Correg.-Duty to be lowered from Is. to 6d. a pound. A considerable there were so few objections to the reductions that were proposed. His and relief to the the West India proprietors; besides which, the cultivation of Right Hon. Friend boped by degrees to repeal the other duties alluded to; int coffee exposes the negroes to fewer hardships than that of sugar. Loss to but he could not do all at once: they should recollect the proverb,“ not to is the revenue, about 150,0001.
ride a willing horse to death." In proposing what he did, bis Right Hon. FOREIGN WINES. — The decrease of consumption in consequence of the Friend had calculated on an increased consumption of the articles wbuch ud increased duty was notorious ; and it was equally certain, that such were relieved in regard to dutiesCoffee was an article which particudecrease bad lessened the consumption of British manufactures in the wine llarly illustrated the effects of bigh duties. He recollected, when he was bui countries. In recommending a less duty than existed in 1801-2-3, the connected with the Treasury, he had procured a reduction of the duty one Minister calculated on as great a consumption as in those years. Duty coffee from 3s. to 4d. in the pound; and the duty at 4d. yielded as large a on French wines to be lowered from 11s. 5d. to 6s. ; on Port, Spanish and revenue as the duty of 3s. Rbenish wines, from 78.7d. to 4s. In other words, 1s. 3d. a botile on Mr. Ellice declared he would support no proposition which did not French, and nearly a shilling a bottle on other foreign wines. Estimated go to reduce the Sinking Fund. He complained also of the restrictions loss of revenue, 230,0001.
and very unequal duties levied on imported sugar, and the grievous charges SPIRITS.-The Minister's grand object was to discourage smuggling, on British shipping in our own colonies. which he considered the greatest domestic evil that could afflict a country. | Mr. BERNAL asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer, whether he was He did not admit the reasonableness of the fear some persons entertained, I determined not to alter his plan as regarded rum ? was it likely the poorer that to make spirits cheap would cause more drunkevness in the people. I classes would purchase rum with a duty of 8s. a gallon on it, while British He did not believe the general consumption would be increased, bui he spirits paid only 58.-Mr. ROBINSON answered, that he was quite open to thought a vast quantity which was now smuggled would be subjected to suggestions and modifications; but he thought that owiog to the high the duty. The reduction that had already taken place in Ireland and price of corn, the greater prime cost of British spirits would bring the Scotland (to 2s. a gallon) while it destroyed illicit distillation in those selling price to much the same thing as that of rum. countries, bad created a great smuggling trade between them and Mr. WHITMORE wished the duty on all foreign wines bad been equalized. England, which it was highly necessary to put an end 10. Proposed | There was a more absurd monopoly of Port wine than any other monopoly reduction, from 10s. 6d. to 58.; and on spirit manufactured from malt, to he knew of. This was 'equally injurious to England and Portogal, and he 6s. On colonial spirits, from 10s. 6d. 'to 8s.; a difference which he hoped some endeavours would be made to get rid of it. tbought only fair to the British distiller, who was subject to the artificially Resolutions were passed, in conformity with the propositions of the bigh prices of malt and corn in England. Loss to the revenue, about Chancellor of the Exchequer. 750,0001.
Tuesılay, March 1. CIDER.-Duty to be lowered from 30s. to 15s. (Mr. HUMB.-" Oh! | A writ was ordered for the election of a Member for Bramber, in the make it ten.” (A laugh.)-Mr. ROBINSON"Well, I am not disposed to room of Mr. Wilberforce, who has accepted the Chiltern Hundreds. squabble about a few shillings; it shall be ten."] A measure certainly The second reading of the London Water Works Bill was opposed by local, but of immense importance to six counties, the gaols of which are Messrs. W. WILLIAMS, FREEMANTLE, and T. Wilson, and supported by filled with persons imprisoned for illegally selling cider-mostly females. Loss of revenue, about 20,0001.
| Mr. Buxton and others; but it was carried, on a division, by 69 to 30.,
Mr. BROWNLOW presented a petition from John Kinby, of Kerry, in AssESSED TAXES,
*bole duly on win. Ireland, complaining of having been driven from his school by the persedows in houses not having more than seven; inhabited house duty on
cution of the Roman Catholic Priests, because, as they alleged, the houses under 101. rent: these amount to 235,0001. and will give relief to
education which the children received might tend to make them Protestants, 937,867 persons. The tax on four-wheel carriages drawn by ponies, although, as the petitioner declared, the children were merely tanght to amounting to 8571.; occasional waiters, &c. 1,3431. ;' coachmakers' read the Bible, but no Catechism. The petitioner also complained of licenses, 3541.; carriages sold by auction or on commission, 3,3911.; having been cruelly assaulted and beaten, because he had spoken against mules carrying ore from mines, &c. 1371.; persons quitting houses after the conduct of the Priests. Some conversation arose, in which Mr. the commencement of the year, 5,000l.; houses left in the care of a GRATTAN stated, that the fact was, the Protestants wished to teach the person, 4,000l.; one additional window allowed where there is a cheese- Catholics, and the Priests desired to instruct their own flocks, and hence room or dairy, 1,000l.; farmhouses occupied by labourers, 1,0001.; the circumstances detailed had arisen.-The petition was ordered to lie onhusbandry servant, occasionally employed as groom, 2,0001 ; farmers, the table, as were several others, some for and others against the Catholic letting bosbandry borses to bire, 4,0001.; taxed carts, 18,9131. The Claims, but chiefly in their favour. object was to relieve the poorer classes, and he should blush for men of rank and fashion, who could be displeased that their interests were not
CATHOLIC EMANCIPATION. more consulted. Supposed total loss to the revenue, 276,9951.
Sir Francis Burdett brought forward a Petition from the Catholics In arguing upon the expediency of this plan, in preference to a larger
of Ireland, and stated, that it was signed by a greater number than had
ever before affixed their names to such a document.- [Tbe Petition, reduction of Assessed Taxes, Mr. Robinson particularly dwelt upon the which formed a roll of parchment of more than 100 feet in length, was policy of benefiting Ireland (which now had no Assessed Taxes) by! then read and ordered to lie on the table.1-Sir Francis, upon this, obpromoting general commercial activity; and he called upon those gentlemen who had conscientious scruples against the Catbolic claims,
served, that the petition, large as it appeared, did not set forth more than
an atom of the immense interests it represented, which were those, not to be more strenuous on that account in extending to the sister kingdom
of the Catholics and of Ireland merely, but of the whole British come the blessings of commerce and industry. He asked them, whether it
munity. The Hon. Baronet contended, that even at the time of England's would not be more gratifying to them to see Ireland rise in the scale of nations, and take her seat by our side, than to leare her to the chance of
greatest danger,—the time of the revolution,-such an unworthy jealousy
of the claims of the Catholics had not been shown, as was now exhibited. any subsequent opportunities (Cheers.) The Right Hon. Gentleman
At that time, it was a curious fact, the Catholics had not been compelled sat down amid loud and general cheers.
to take the oath of supremacy. The treaty of Limeric, however, had * Mr. Briggs expressed his surprise, that the Minister had done nothing been subsequently violated in the most atrocious manner, a most tyrannous,
onsiderable for the West India interest. When there was so much wicked, and murderous policy was adopted, and Ireland bent under a yoke 'nxiety to put down smuggling, he expected that at least half the duty on the most oppressive to which any nation had ever been subje ed. Soch & that main article of smuggling, tobacco, would be repealed.
course was however too inbuman to be persevered in: thom en varities are
relaxed, and he wished the Irish Catholics to keep in mind the benefits | ask? That a few Catholic Peers and Gentlemen might sit in the Houses they had received rather than the injuries they had so long endured ; of Lords and Commons, and that the King, if he thought fit, might place for if they looked a little further, they would perceive that what remained a certain number of Catholic Gentlemen in the high offices of state! And to be granted to them could not much longer be with held, provided they where was the danger of this ? Was there any fear of a Popish King made the best use of the advantages in their possession, and acted with using such power to enslare the country? A small faction in Ireland alone forbearance and discretion. Their claims were borne out by reason, by opposed the Catholic claims,-the Orangemen, who, however, apart bumanity, by the soundest principles of policy, and their cause, both in from this absurd and exclusive spirit of domination, were very honourable and out of Parliament, must finally triumph, for the feelings of the en and liberal men. It was high time for them to get rid of this spirit, for lightened portion of the nation were making rapid progress in their favour. they would share largely in the improved condition of their country. He was not the supporter of the Irish people in particolar, still less was | Those who paid the taxes, too, would do well to consider the cost of supbe an adrocate for the Roman Catholic religion ; but neither was be an porting the present coercive system. They wanted relief from taxation, opposer of it, for he did not oppose any of the schemes of faith which and a few thousands were about to be removed; but by a change of sys.. men of different minds hit upon. In his view, all Religions were equally tem in Ireland, millions might at once be saved, independent of the wealth right, which the persons professing them followed with sincerity of which would flow in from a more liberal policy. If tyranny was a luxury,, heart, and which were founded upon principles of morality. Now it was unquestionably a most expensive one; and it should be recollected, there was abundant proof that the Catholic Faith was so founded; that it was at the cost of England that the Government enjoyed the luxthough, for bimself, baving been bred up in the religion of the Church of ury of keeping Ireland chained and miserable. It was distinctly underEngland, that alone would be a sufficient reason to give for his preferring stood at the Union, that justice should be rendered to the Catholics, and it; at the same time, he did think, that had he a religion to chuse, the nothing but conciliation could afford a chance of prosperity and safety Church of England was of all others the faith he should adopt. Not that He (Sir Francis) had had the good fortune to pass some time in Ireland, exceptions migbt not be taken to many parts of the system, which might and so much was be impressed with the kind and benevolent feelings, doubtless be altered with great advantage; but with respect to the Churcb which pervaded all classes, that if he had a country to choose, he would of Eogland Clergy, (take away only the Ecclesiastical Corporations, select freland of all other places in the world. Its people were docile which, like all other Corporations, showed generally a narrow-minded beyond all others, were easily influenced by those whom they beand intolerant spirit)—though he might perbaps be partial, a more en- lieved to have their real interests at heart, and were most grateful for the lightened and liberal body of men did not do honour to this or any other smallest portion of justice. (Hear!). The Priests were the most honest. country. If however he was a disciple of the Church of England, his and innocent persons he had ever met, and used their extensive influence, first care should be not to forget one of her purest principles,-to do unto in securing the general tranquillity. It was truly lamentable, that & others as he would wish otbers to do unto him.-The Constitution said, people enjoying such a happy soil, such fine ports, harbours, and rivers, , that all men capable of bearing equal burthens were entitled to the pos. should be deficient in good Government, a want which crippled all their session of equal rights. Upon this axiom he fortified himself; and so energies, and rendered them discontented and miserable! Catholic Eman-1 little was the present a Catholic question, that in fact the Catholics now cipation, he knew, would not be a panacea for all the evils of Ireland, but stood upon Protestant arguments, and maintained their claims upon prin- it would he a first step to other measures which might be adopted. He ciples which assured the security of England. It was indeed singular hoped that the vote of this night would be the means not only of preservenough that those who had formerly rejected Catholicism for the allegeding tranquillity in Ireland, but of opening to it brighter and more cheer-. illiberality of its doctrines, were now acting upon the very principles ing prospects for the future. (Hear, hear!) He did trust that the whicb they had opposed; while the Catholics were asking for nothing House would not delay to put a final stroke to the great work which would. more than the Protestants themselves had first desired, namely, the right unite the two countries in one firm bond, under the protection of the of religious freedom. What the dangers apprehended were, he never British Constitution. He sbould not trouble the House with any details could understand; but the very idea of Catholicism seemed to raise in respecting religious points, for he did not imagine that any man was so some minds images of extraordinary terror, half bistoric, balf romantic, wrapped up in prejudice as to assert that any individual ought to be dewhich had no more to do with the present state of the world than they had prived of his civil rights in consequence of bis religious opinions. The with that of the next. No doubt,“ where ignorance is bliss, 'tis solly to only ground of objection be could suppose was that of some contingent be wise ;" and in this case ignorance must be bliss, compared to having danger to the State. When sach was urged, he would grapple with it, the mind filled with a mass of exaggerated antiquated tales and prejudices, and endeavour to show, that in the present state of society the fear was which no longer existed. A gentleman had expressed to him (Sir Francis) unfounded. For the present, therefore, he would conclude by moving, his great fears of the power of the Pope! Now it was a little extraordinary, “ That this House do resolve itself into a Committee, to consider of the that the Ministers most hostile to the Catholic Claims had expended the state of the laws affecting his Majesty's Roman Catholic subjects in their blood and treasure of the people to replace the Pope in that very station in civil rights, and whether any and what remedy ought to be applied.” which they now thought fii to be afraid of him! they first raised the phantom, Mr. Croker seconded the motion, observing that he should not howand then lost their wits in terror of it! If, as formerly, a league of Catholic ever support the question of emancipation, unless a provision was made for sovereigns were caballing to subvert the liberties through the religion of
iberties through the religion of the Catholic Clergy. this country, Ministers ought to be impeached for baving created the danger, Mr. L. Foster said, he would vote for the motion, if he could divest for they were the authors of the present Continental System, and had himself of the fear that it would be injurious to the Established Church actually caused British soldiers to mount guard at the Vatican, to protect in Ireland ;-but Emancipation would be attended with consequeuces inthe very Dignitary who now occasioned the alarm. What imbecility was convenient to the existence of that Church. The number of Irish Catho. ibis! It was indeed a pleasant situation, to be compelled to keep six mil. lics were greatly over-rated, and that of the Protestants diminished. The lions of people in a state of discontent, through peril of a Pope of their population of Ireland in 1821 was 6,800,000, of which about 4,900,000 own creation! We bad agreed to the destruction of all the minor states of were Catholics, and 1,860,000 were Protestants of all denominations. On Europe and the balance of power; we had divided the Continent amongst the Continent, the Catholic religioo had been restored to all its old supertwo or three Sovereigns, who had already taken offence at our recogni- stitions; and if the present King of France cast an eye towards Ireland, tion of South America ; we had allowed Spain to be laid hold on; and we it was an eye of religion, not of politics. (Hear, hear!) He firmly bewere surrounded by Holy Allies, whose strength we bad created by the lieved, that the re-establishment of the Catholic faith in all parts of the waste of our blood and treasure, and at the expense of the liberties of world was the leading passion in bis mind. (Hear, hear!) The Chair Europe! These Powers were now objects of alarm to us; and instead of St. Peter was filled by a Pope whose equal had not been vested with of securing the affections of six millions of men, by our neglect and con- the tiara for many centuries, and he was exerting all his power to regain tempt of them, we made an opening in Ireland for the first of our Holy the influence which once belonged to his station. (Hear, hear!) The Allies who might deem it convenient to invade us. If ever England was Jesuits were again established in France, Spain, Ireland, and even in destined to sink, Ireland was the sea in which she would be swamped. | England. (Hear, and laughter). The Catholic religion was again Yet Ireland was well worthy of English alliance. It was quite a miracle I dealing out its miracles and indulgences, and displaying its ancient spirit that Ireland had been beld during the last war. Had the Commander of l of intolerance. It was the very last time, therefore, to make concessions that force which reacbed Bantry-bay not been divided from his feet, or to the Catholics, under circumstances which even the friends of Emancihad the second in command landed, Ireland would bave been lost, and pation admitted to be full of danger. (Hear!) He was bostile to the the sum of Eogland would have set for ever! But we must not presume proposed change, because the Catholics were meddling in political matapon such good fortune again; for the ignorance which then existed ters, and he knew that the alliance between Rohgion and Politics was exists no longer. The eyes of the Continental Powers were fixed on always dangerous. (Hear, hear!) He would not give up any of the Ireland-he said this distinctly—their eyes were directed towards that principles of the British Constitution, and he had always been led to conesantry; their Court Journals took a tender interest in its affairs; they sider the compact between Church and State to form one of those princilectured us upon our conduct; they scoffed at our exertions in favour of ples. (Hear!) To any measure, therefore, which tended to weaken Degroes, and slaves, and declared that there was not in the whole world that compact, he should always oppose the most strenuous resistance. The a more odious tyranny than that we exercised upon our Irisb Catholic Hon. Gentleman, after eulogizing the Union between the Protestant sabjects! Such benevolent displays might well arouse suspicion in our Church and State at some length, sat down amid considerable cheering, breasts, and a wise Government would look about to counteract the threat. declaring that he could by no means give his assent to the proposition of esed miscbief, for po man could calculate wbat might happen in the event | Sir F. Burdett. of a war. It was clearly to the interest of all, whether the worshippers Mr. CANNING addressed the House in a short speech, leaning all the of God or Mammon, to do ample and immediate justice to the people of time upon his stick, and speaking in a very feeble tone of voice, as if Ireland. Their claims rested on the broad basis of a covenant-on all greatly indisposid, which he said he was. He praised the moderation which anaht to be held sacred between man and inan. And wbat did they with which to I Baronet bad conducted the discussion, and said he