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STATE OF IRELAND.

very numerous, is there any population of the middle rank to (From No. 6, of the Phrenological Journal, just published.) be found.

In August last we visited Belfast, Newry, Drogheda, | We travelled from Dublin to Limerick with a very intelliDublin, Kildare, Rosscrea, Limerick, Charleville, Buttevant, gent merchant, who exports rags and feathers from that city. Mallow, Cork, Fermoy, Clonmel, Kilkenny, Carlow, and This trade brings him into close contact with the people. Last Dublin again, and returned by Slane and Ardee to Belfast. winter, he said, the fever hospitals, and all other places that The stage-coaches are admirable, drawn by high mettled could be commanded, were crowded with patients, and still horses, which require to be held at the stages to prevent them the calls for succour were loud and incessant. He collected running away; and while held, not unfrequently leap over | 91. in his own circle, and went among the poor to see how it the traces from impatience to get off. The drivers are well- could be best applied; he laid it all out in purchasing straw dressed, spirited, yet cautious men; the roads are, in general, (which is there very cheap), and was not able to provide a as good as highways not Macadamized can be made; - the bed of this material for all the cottagers who were sick of country is uncommonly fertile, and extensively cultivated ; fever, and destitute of even straw to lay on. Some of his the inns are in general good, and the charges moderate ; so customers confessed openly, that they had been concerned in that altogether, travelling in Ireland is commodious, rapid, the conflagrations which then every night occurred; and one and highly interesting

said, “ Last week we buried two and twenty men shot in The accounts generally given of the misery of the Irish these attempts; and many a widow sits with a tear in her peasantry are below rather than above the truth. In Belfast, eye that must not be shed, and many a mother laments her and the neighbourhood, the people have the Scotch head, and son in grief that must not be expressed ;-complaint would manifest the corresponding talents and dispositions ; there, betray the living, and the dead are more fortunate than they." order, industry, and comfort, abound. After passing the About twenty miles east of Limerick we passed a group of Newry mountains, however, thirty miles south of Belfast, cottages. It rained fast: and across the corner of one of wretchedness begins, and has no termination, except in the them, the walls of which were raised only about four feet towns, till it reaches the sea. The habitations of the lower high, and which had as yet no roof, we saw some branches of orders are cottages of mud or stone, without windows and trees stretched, and a rude kind of thatching with turf and chimneys; straw serves for a bed, and stones for seats ; a rushes attempted over them. The space covered did not expot to boil potatoes, and a coarse brown jug to hold water, ceed a triangle of six feet in the sides. It contained a woman complete the articles of household furniture. Many individuals sick of fever, who was deposited there by the inmates of her are in perfect tatters; and those who are better clad can boast own cottage to avoid contagion; and this was a common only of a great-coat, with one or two necks, worn over a col- practice and a wise one. A collection was made for her lection of rags. Under the burning sun of August, thousands | among the passengers in the coach. were seen loitering on the roads, or before the cottage-doors, 1 In the town, the number of wretches flying in rags is apwith these heavy great-coats. At the plough they wear the palling; and yet, in spite of all this external appearance of great-coat; labourers mixing lime are burned with it, and, misery, the Irishmaq is a gay, light-hearted being. under the encumbrance, tuck up its skirts. At the Church | This population is pretty generally instructed in letters. and in the Market-place the people are clad in great-coats. A gentleman, who had been employed by Government in lo short, Ireland is the great-coated nation. On asking an investigations in the county of Tipperary, stated, that eighexplanation, we were told that the men have almost no em teen years ago, not one in ten of the lower orders could read ployment, and no food except potatoes, and, in consequence of or write his name, but that now the proportions are reversed. the want of excitement, feel cold at all seasons of the year, | He discharged the same duties last year, and spoke from so that a great-coat is thus a prime necessary of life.

observation in both instances. We saw many schools held The cottages abound to a degree that to us was inconceiv- | in huts such as already described ; the children sitting in able till we bad observed it. In many places, and particularly crowds on the floor, and employed with books and slates. between Limerick and Cork, one or more is to be met with Hedge-schools also were occasionally met with; children every five hundred yards along the road, and they are to be were collected on the road side, under the lea of a high wall, been extending in dense profusion on every side, as far as the or, the shelter of a thick plantation, and there were taught to Eye can reach. The fields are divided into patches of two or read. three acres, and two or three fields constitute a farm. The Idleness prevails in Ireland to an extent that is inconceivwretched cultivators plant one acre or more of their posses-able, not from want of will to labour, but of work to perform, sessions with potatoes, and sow the remainder with wheat Every little farm is overstocked with hands, and there is no and oats. The produce of the latter they deliver in kind to employment for those who wish to let their labour to hire. the Protestant clergyman and landlord's factor, and are well The millions of starving tenants with whom the soil groans contented to be permitted to reserve the potatoes as their own. I have no capital ; and hence there are no tradesmen. The We saw scarcely any corn in stack in the open country. The cartwright's shop and the blacksmith's forge, the shoemaker's avanced season of the year, just before harvest, might ac- and the tailor's shops, are not met with every two or three , count for this to a great extent; but we were informed, that miles, as in the sister kingdoms. The Irish drive sledges of - owing to the system just described, comparatively few stacks the rudest fabric; dig potatoes with a spade nine inches ! are to be seen at any period.

long, three inches broad, and five feet long in the handle, Huts and palaces are almost the only habitations met with which is used without stooping, and rarely needs repair; and in the open country. In some districts, nearly all the houses for raiment they import the cast rays of England, and go which may have served proprietors with incomes under 10001. without shoes. An Irish town on a market-day presents a 2-year, or tenants of 300 or 400 acres, have been burned spectacle truly deplorable. The articles exposed for sale are

own, and present to the traveller walls without roofs, while tin-pots, and the coarsest crockery-ware; and the country its winds of heaven are heard sweeping through the windows. I population bring nothing to sell but yarn, and loiter about : Tie palaces belong to Bishops, or proprietors, whose revenues famished and wan, like ghosts on the Stygian shore. enable them to maintain a retinue fit to constitute a garrison. Until we saw the condition of the peasantry, we could not izery twenty or thirty miles a great fabric is seen rising, understand the motives of their conflagrations; but then these huge and massive, in the horizon. As you approach it, it became too evident. Every part of the soil is possessed and toms out to be barracks as large as an extensive square in a over-peopled; a tenant ejected cannot plant a foot on an inch teat city, walled all round; and besides, every village has of ground without dispossessin others as poor as himself, and therefore, is like an excommunication from existence. If a conveyed by the expresses, both in relation to the Royal Fa. landlord turns out a tenant, and a neighbour take the ground, mily, and the general measures of the Government, which this is a mere shifting of possession; a farm is left vacant by have afterwards appeared in the English papers, and given the removal, and the community is nothing the worse; but great cause of scandal in that shape to the good citizens of if a stranger is introduced, the previous tenant is thrust Paris; and that great anxiety is felt by the French Ministers abroad on a country in which there is no room for him to to put a stop to a species of public information which may exist. He is sometimes induced to offer, an exorbitant rent render the censorship on the French press wholly a useless for another person's possession, and thus the misery is more stretch of arbitrary power. We are inclined to think the widely diffused. The overwhelming calamity produced by the latter the more probable explanation of the two. The incon. settlement of a stranger, especially if he possesses capital, venience to merchants and others from this proceeding is very takes extensive farms, and dispossesses twenty or thirty fami- great. The delay which necessarily takes place does, in fact, lies, may be easily conceived. It is the experience of this render all the expense useless which they have incurred for evil that has generated the Rockite system. Notice is given increased expedition. to a new-comer to quit his possession, which, if not complied France, by means of its spy-system, its secret agency, or with, is followed up by his murder and the destruction of his avowed interference, may now be regarded as hermetically property. To curb this system, soldiers are stationed in the sealed against all confidential or political communication yillages; single houses even are hired in the country, and between its citizens and foreigners. The stage-coaches converted into military stations ; an armed police patroles the which leave or enter the capital, are not allowed to carry a highways during the night; and under the insurrection act it bill of lading without submitting it to inspection. The is a transportable offence to be abroad after eight o'clock in passengers in the mail have their luggage unlocked and the evening. These causes co-operating produce a state of examined-letters sent by post are opened and copied; and society which banishes the proprietors of the soil, renders now, even the despatches of commercial couriers, for whose property insecure, prevents the introduction of capital and departure a permit has previously been obtained, are not almanufactures, and seems to threaten perpetual misery and lowed to reach their destination without stoppage and scrudegradation to the country. In England and Scotland every tiny. The Police Argus of a suspicious Government has its corner of the land is teeming with new houses and eyes and its hands every-where, expecting to detect sedition nascent manufactories. The north of Ireland partakes in in a stock-list, conspiracy in a bill of exchange, and treason this demonstration of prosperity ; but after passing the Newry against the Bourbons in an advice of the sale or purchase of mountains, in all the remainder of our tour we saw extremely coffee, cotton-wool, or nutmegs. A Government which acts few tenements, exclusive of mud-cottages, in the course of in this manner, must either be very weak or very arbitraryerection.

very weak, to feel such continued alarms; or very arbitrary,

to impose such restraints upon its subjects without feeling City, 12 o'CLOCK.-Consols for Account, 937; Colombian are 9121 ) them. Mexican, 81 ; and Chili, 90 Spanish Bonds, 2494 ; Greek, 55; Russian, 953; Austrian, 97k; New 4 per Cents., 106 .

An account of the Army Extraordinaries for 1824 has been POSTSCRIPT.

| printed, amounting in the whole, as it appears, to 855,8501.

Among the items is the sum of 34,8971., intrusted to our MONDAY, March 7.

worthy friend Lord C. Somerset, of South Africa, “ to provide It appears that the French Government has ordered that all the means of immediate relief for the settlers in that colony." letters and papers carried by express from Paris to London, or We should like to know how that large sum of money was exfrom London to Paris, shall be opened by an officer appointed pended, and what portion of relief has been actually adminisfor that purpose, who is instructed to have copies taken of tered by that noble Lord to those who wanted it, or, indeed, to them, and forwarded to the Minister of the Interior at Paris. any sufferers in any quarter of the world, and at any period of This order has been already acted upon both at Calais and his useful and exemplary life.-Another item presents itself of Boulogne, in the case of mercantile expresses, and the conse- 3021. to “ Major-General Sir Hudson Lowe, to provide a quence has been, owing to the unavoidable loss of time passage for himself and suite to Antigua, of which place he has required in its execution, that of rendering the expresses been appointed Governor.Ay, but has the late keeper of wholly useless to the merchants who sent them. No excep- Bonaparte gone to Antigua, and so earned said 3021., or will tion whatever has been made with respect to the parties he ever go there? People say that there is a bitch in the affected by this order; those merchants who, on all former transaction, Sir Hudson objecting to the government of Antigua, occasions, have been treated with peculiar respect and for- as an inadequate remuneration for his late services, and a bearance by the French Government, having in this instance scauty recompense for all the odium and abuse to which they been equally subjected to scrutiny. It is said that some have exposed him. Rumour speaks of a memorial which is packets have been opened which were written in cipher or in described to have been printed, though not published, and which, some unintelligible language, and that these were allowed in on the part of Sir Hudson Lowe, makes out a strong case against the first instance to pass, but an intimation was conveyed to | the Ministers, for having broken their engagements to him, the parties to whom they were addressed, that none such expressed and implied ; and for having couotenanced the would in future be sent on their destination. Various expla-practices of a medical intriguer, afterwards dismissed from nations are on foot to account for so unusual a proceeding on the navy, but atfirmed by Sir Hudson Lowe to have been in the part of the French Government, but none, of course, on the first instance employed and encouraged as a spy over him which full reliance can be placed. Their jealousy is by some (Sir Hudson Lowe) by the Admiralty to have subsequently supposed to have taken the alarm at the astonishing number made himself a tool to Bonaparte, and to have persecuted Su of expresses sent from England on account of the rise in colo- | Hudson Lowe from that hour to this with the most atrocious nial produce, and of the reduction of the duty on French calumnies, and the most vindictive malice. The writer of the wine announced by the Chancellor of the Exchequer. Not memorial, we have been told, complains of this Government being able to understand the extraordinary degree of commer- for appointing him to a West Indian island, from which an cial activity displayed by the merchants of London, the officer of inferior rapk had been promoted to a higher governFrench Government is believed to have formed the suspicion ment to make room for him. It is but fair, therefore, that is that some deep intrigue of a political nature with respect to Sir Hudson Lowe should finally reject this offer of Antigua Spain was actually carrying on. Another interpretation is, the 3021. charged against him should revert to the public

Beans, small .......... 438 438.1

rotatoe

.......

.........

130

114

E: T'riday last, without opposition, we admit the force of the not carried into effect. As soon as the Provost had finished Essereral explanations offered by Lord Palmerston, so far as the funeral service, the boys, who seemed little affected by it,

they go; and we can farther sympathise with that feeling ran off with great celerity to attend to their usual avocations. which led Members to strengthen the hands of Government against possible dangers from the evil spirit of despotism on

THE LONDON MARKETS.

Corn ExchaNGB, MARK-LANB, MARCH 7. o the continent of Europe. Let us not, however, exaggerate | Our arrivals of grain last week were not large ; and this morning only j' such dangers, even if they should have anything real in them; a moderate quantity of Barley, Wheat, Beans, and Peas, from Keni, 1. for thus we should but entail upon the country the solid mis Essex, and Suffolk, and some north country ships, with Oats and Flour. - chief of an overgrown army, continued beyond any adequate

Fine Wheat is in good demand at 2s. 6d. advance, and the inferior sorts

are a shade higher. Barley is Is, dearer than last week. There is no is ground for its existence. To the mode of the augmentation, alteration in Beans and Peas. Oats fetch is, more, and Flour is steady. as now first described by Lord Palmerston, we do not object,

CURRENT PRICES OF GRAIN. unless it be made the pretext for maintaining at home, under

Wheat, red (new) ...... 548. 72s. Pease, White.. ...... 42s. 458.' the name of reserve, a larger force than may be generally

Ditto old .......... 54s. 718. Boilers

50s. 54s. Wheat, white (new) .... 589.778. | Maple...

398. 41s. necessary. The accommodation to officers and men, by the Ditto old .... 60s. 78s. I Grey

378. 388. -- new process of interchanging the individuals of the same Barley .....

31s. 48s. Oats, Feed....... 20s. 24s. regiment on home and foreign service, must be approved of Rye ........

. 353.40s. Poland ....... 21s. 278.

• 43s 45s. Potatoe ........ Lis' on principles of common humanity.— Times.

.. 238. 27s. Tick ditto .......... 34s. 37s. | Flour, per Sack........ 52s. 65s.

Aggregate Average Prices of the Twelve Maritime Districts of EnyAGRICULTURAL Case.--A case of considerable import land and Wales, by which Exportation and Bounty are to be regulated 3. ance to farmers, in which Mr. Dickson, a respectable farmer

in Great Britain.

Wheat per Quarter, 66s. Od.-Barley, 40s. 60.-Oats, 235. 3Rye, 5- residing at Kidbrook, near Blackheath, was plaintiff, and

40s. 90.-Beans, 38s. Bd.-Pease, 40s. 4d. Hope, a seedsman, was defendant, was decided in the Court

SMITHFIELD, March 7. E: of Common Pleas the week before last. The action was Beef is worth 2d. per stone more than on Friday; best Downa, young

brought to recover a compensation in damages for a breach maiden Ewes, &c. being 5s. 8d. to 6s. per stone. Veal and Pork are of warranty, in the sale of a quantity of tares. The plaintiff,

worth more money. Young Calves go off at 7s. to 7s. 2d. per stone; and

| large Pork, 5s. 4d. 10 5s. 68. . on the 21st of July, 1823, ordered three quarters of spring

To sink the Offal-per Stone of 8lbs. tares from the defendant. The tares were brought home, and Beef .......... 4s. 8d. to 58. 4d. Veal.......... 6s. Od to 7s. 28. jimmediately prepared for being sown-an operation which Mutton ........ 58. Od. to 6s. Od. | Pork.......... 5s. 6d. to 6s. 6d took place at different times between the 22d and 30th July.

HEAD OF CATTLE THIS DAY.
Beasts ................

. 2,317 | Pigs .. On the morning of the 30th the plaintiff received a letter from

Sheep ................ 14,580 | Calves ......... the defendant, stating that, by mistake, winter tares had been

PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW. - sent him instead of spring tares.' The plaintiff immediately Hay ..........£35 to £ 5 0 | Straw..........., £2 2 to £2 10 ordered the small quantity of the defendant's tares which still

Clover £4' 4 to £5 10 remained not to be sown, and sowed the residue of the field The Average Price of Brown or Muscovado Sugar, computed from the with spring tares. On the latter part of the field he had a Returns made in the Week ending March 2, 1825, is 378.71d. per

Hundred Weight, exclusive of the Duties of Customs paid or payable good crop, while that on the former never came to maturity.

thereon on the Importation thereof in to Great Britain. These were the chief facts of the case, which were supported by the testimony of the plaintiff's servants and neighbours.

In Weekly Numbers, each consisting of a sheet of 32 columns with Engravings,

price 3d. or in Monthly Parts, each containing four numbers, price 18. la summing up, the Lord Chief Justice said, that the bought HONE'S EVERY-DAY BOOK, No. 10, of Saturday March the note, and the letter of the defendant, clearly showed that a con

5th, contains Articles on the Jews, and Miracles; with Anecdotes, a Sports

man's Calendar, Original Poetry, Botany, &c. The work contains a greater tract had been made for the sale of “spring" tares, and that a variety of entertainment and instruction than any other of similar compass and breach of the contract had also been committed by the deli purpose in the English Language. It is a perpetual Guide to the Year, a

completa Dictionary of the Almanac, and a Register of Popular Amusements. Sports. Pastimes, and Events, with notices of the Seasons; enlivened by Anec

dotes and Poetry: arranged under Every Day in the Year, for daily use and Were,--first, whether the plaintiff had or had not rescinded

recreation. The 10 Nos., and Parts I. and II. may be had of all Booksellers and Newsmen, in Town and Country, and at the Office of the Every Day Book, 45

Ludgate-hill, London. damages he had sustained ? As to the first point, his Lord

THE NEW MONTHLY MAGAZINE and LITERARY Ship said, that he thought the evidence to prove the conversa JOURNAL for March 1, comprises-1. Continuation of Mr. Campbell's tions which altered the contract very unsatisfactory. As to

Lectures, containing a Sketch of the Manners of the Athenians.-II. The

Thompson Papers, No. 1, a Series of Correspondence exhibiting various views the point of damage, his Lordship said, that in making their of various persons, matters and things in February.--III. Court Day.-IV. Irish

Portraits, No. 2, Sir Ignatius Slattery.-V. The Small Tour, or unsentimental estimate, it would be proper to consider the difference of the

Journey.-VI. Insurance and Assurance.-VII. Old Pages and Old Times.Falue of a partial crop at that period of the year, and a full VIII. The Spanish Student, an adventure at Padua.--IX. Nouvel Almanac des

Gourmands. --X. The Family Journal, No. 3, The Country.--XI. Further account crop at an earlier period ; and when they had determined of the Widow and Son of Theobald Wolf Tone.-XII. Provincial Ballads, No. 2. me value of the crop lost by the plaintiff, it would be proper

The Star of Pomeroy.-XIII. A parting address to London. --XIV. Speculations

on Steam.-XV. Letters from the East, No. 13, Jerusalem.--XVI. Lines written to add thereto the sum paid by the plaintiff to the winter seed, at Midnight.--XVII. The Suliote Mother.-XVIII. Verses to an Elm Tree.

XIX. The Mourner.-XX. The Horseman's Song, from Korner.-XXI. Adand which he of course was entitled to. The Jury consulted

venture of a London Traveller.-XXII. The Passion Flower.XXIII. Sonnet. & short time, and entered a verdict for the Plaintiff-Dama The Vision.-XXIV. The Matrimonial Squabble.--XXV. Epigram.-XXVI.

Review of New Publications, and the usual Varieties. es 207:

Printed for Henry Colburn, 8, New Burlington-street, London ; Bell and

Bradfute, Edinburgh; John Cumming, Dublin ; also sold by all Booksellers and ETOX, SUNDAY AFTERNOON.-The funeral of the Hon. | Newsmen; and may be exported to Friends abroad, by application to the 1. A. Cooper, who was unfortunately killed on Monday last | General Post Office, or to any local Post-Master. Il a pugilistic contest with Mr. Wood, took place this afterWe took place this after I FISTULAS and PILES.-The extraordinary cure of those painful

complaints, obtained by me under Mr. VAN BUTCHELL, Surgeon, No. 48, on. The coffin containing his body was brought into the South-street, Grosvenor-square, London, induces me to publish my case for the Lollege Chapel before the commencement of the afternoon

benefit of persons so afflicted, and as a grateful acknowledgment for the great

blessing I have derived through the exercise of his superior skill. When my Betrice, and remained there during its continuance. Instead cure was begun, I had been suffering under both complaints for upwards of 21

years, and having been 12 months in hospitals (nine months in England and the usual lessons and psalms, lessons and psalms suited for

three months in Ireland) and obliged to keep my bed 13 weeks, and to undergo 15€ melancholy occasion were selected and read to the con three operations (two in England and one in Ireland) under eminent surgeons

of both countries, and baving been again ordered for a fourth operation, but being afterwards told there was no cure for me, I nearly gave up all hopes of a

cure, but often thought within myself, surely there is some one to be found Ja vault in the ante-chapel, at the foot of the organ-loft.

capable of curing those dreadful disorders, and being induced, from strong Evening paper asserted that it was the intention of the recommendations, to place myself under Mr. Van Butchell, I joyfully found

those thoughts speedily realised, being cured in three months of my Fistulas, Provost to address the boys in the chapel, over the body of

and in the same period of my Piles, and only hindered from my labour six days, Ver deceased comrade, on the impropriety of their recent

and am now as sound as I ever was in my life. The truth of this statement can be rounoctably attested.

RICHARD BRANSON,

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MUSIC IN: WEBER'S PRECIOSA. Price 28. 6d.

:? In 1 vol. 8vo. 108. Bd. boards, the Third Edition of 1. vdes THE WHOLE of the MUSIC in WEBER'S celebrated Melo- | SKETCHES of UPPER CANADA; Domestic, Local, and Cha

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Speedily will be published, by the same Author,

w price Rs. 6d.

FOREIGN SCÊNES and TRAVELLING RECREATIONS. 2 vols, postingWEBER'S FREISCHUTZ.No. XXI of the Harmonicon, containing the Ovetture, March, Hunting. Chorus, and popular Vocal Pieces in the Freischütz, has been again re-printed, and may be had of all Book and Music Sellers, price 2s, 6d.

i New Works published by Geó. B. Whittaker, Ave-Maria-lane. Orders should particularly specify the Harmonicon Editions of the Freischütz | THE WRITER'S CLERK; or, the Humours of the Scottish and Preciosa, as the price of each is less than one sixth of the other editions. Metropolis. 3 vols. 19mo. 21s. boards.

London: printed for Samuel Leigh, 18, Strand ; sold by W. Blackwood, Edin. RAMESES ; an Egyptian Tale : with Historical Notes of the Era of the burgh; R, Milliken, Dublin, and all Booksellers and Music-sellers.

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Rameses belongs to the class of historical Novels, and is one of the most THE PROPRIETORS of the BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY | intellectual and imaginative productions of the age.” -Critical Gazette. No. 1

of MUSICIANS, and of the VOCAL ANTHOLOGY; beg leave respectfully | OUR VILLAGE: Sketches of Rural Character and Scenery. By MARTENS to inform their Friends and the Public, that both the above works are ready RUSSEL MITFORD, Author of “Julian,” a Tragedy. Second Edition, post from for delivery at their house, 11, Bell's-buildings, Salisbury-square, Fleet-street; | 7s. 6d. boards. also at Longman and Co.'s, Paternoster-row; and all other Book and Music-sellers. "The Sketches of Country Scenery, in which this volume abounds, hare end nord

... The New Biographical and Historical Dictionary of Musicians (in 2 thick a convincing air of locality; the human figures, interspersed among them, are vols. Svo. price 21s. boards) contains 5,000 Memoirs and Notices; out of which touched in such a laughter-loving good-humoured spirit of caricature, innocent nearly 200 are original, and includes the most eminent living. Musicians. . The yet pungent withal, that we scarcely know a inore agreeable partfolio of triu work is considered by no less than 15 different Reviewers to be the best and for the amusement of an idle hour." Quarterly Review, No. 61. most complete of the samé description that has hitherto beeii published in this | The GIL BLAS of the REVOLUTION. Translated from the French of XL country. The Vocal Anthology contains an almost unrivalled collection of Mu- | Picard. 3 vols. 12mo. 21s. boards. sic, of the works of Haydn, Mozart: Handel. C.M.Von Weber, Rossini, &c. &c. COMIC TALES and LYRICAL FANCIES, including e CHESSIAD, the purchase of which, in the original Editions, would amount to 401, and the | Heroick, and the WREATH of LOVE. By, Charles Dibdin, Esq. Foolscap Sro E price of the Vocal Anthology is only 31. 12., or 6s. each Part. Prospectuses

Tin ITALY: or. Observations on the Manners and Customs of the of both works gratis.

Italians at the Commencement of the Nineteenth century. $ vols. 120 180.de

“ We are much pleased with this light and pleasant series of Esuyadeur Just published, price 8s. boards,

Literary Gazette, Jan.

A DAY in STOWE GARDENS. A Collection of Tales, on the HIGH-WAYS'and BY-WAYS ; or, Tales of the Road-side, picked up in the 1 Plan of the Decameron. Containing the Story of Zulema --The Story of | French Provinces. By a Walking Gentleman. Fourth Edition, 2 vols, post Brocco Adelaide - The Story of Sylvanus The Adventures of a Yorkshire Knight The

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The WONDERS of ELORA; or, the Narrative of a Journey to the Temple w : 'Printed for. Geo, B, Whittaket, Ave-Maria-lane. ......!

I and Dwellings excavated out of a Mountain of Granite, and extending upuan 10. ... Just published. Part V. oF o corriso T of a mile and a quarter, at Elora, in the East Indies. With some gere

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No.893. MONDAY, MARCH 14, 1825.

THE POLITICAL EXAMINER. education. That, however, is little to the purpose, either way; for

| learning may be acquired in spite of a vicious plan of education, just Party is the madness of many for the guin of a few.-Pore.

as a nation may flourish commercially, in spite of absurd restrictions

and impolitic taxes, A strong natural aptitude for intellectual culDEATH AT ETON.-PUBLIC SCHOOLS.

ture will overcome obstacles of all sorts; but even when that is the We are glad that no further painful consequences have arisen to the case, temper injured, or bad passions fostered, are a melancholy bóy Wood, on account of the late fatal cătastrophe at Eton. If he

drawback on the success. That all violent practices are wholly unpossesses ordinary feeling, he must have suffered a good deal of men

necessary to the discipline of a school, or the draining off ill-blood ial anguish; and that is punishment enough for an act; in the perpe.

between the boys—that in fact they produce unmixed evil, and aggratration of which he was as much a passive agent as 'two fighting.

vate all the mischiefs they are by some alleged to remedy-would be cocks are, when pitted against each other in an arena. On these

manifest to every rational enquirer, upon a comparison between the occasions the individuals are not to blame, but the system. There

riotous, quarrelsome, profligate, mobs of Eton" or Winchester, and are tery few boys who would not figit with equal perseverance, if the orderly, sensible, willingly obedient, mutually kind, cheerful, and spuited on in the manner practised vihteti Fronhove. but what healthy scholars under the care of Messrs. Hill, at Hazelwood.* We shall we say of the system of instruction which sanctions such prác-L require no better

instruction which apetinde och require no better test of the effects of two opposite systems, than such tices? The fatal contest 'was, it seems, quite a

telepcolor baban a comparison; and we are sure, that if it were generally made, the

regular fight," esteemed a fair, honourable, and manly proceeding! It is perfectly Pu

Te is perfectly public schools would ere long be deserted, and hundreds of private in unison with the Eton laws of combat, it appears, to supply the

ble the ones on the Hazelwood plan would spring up all over the country. boyish pugilists with ardent spirits; and the obstinate endurance of a

of As it is, the late horrid event (a legitimate consequence of the odious pain, produced by the stimulus of brandy to the body, and of coelory" system) and the withdrawal of his other sons from Eton by the Earl and shame to the mind, is considered a wholesome exercise of perso

of SHAFTESBURY, cannot fail to make a strong impression upon all nal courage! The mischief of this system is enormous. The artifi

it affectionate and considerate parents. A certain infamous Journalist cial 'excitement administered by spirituous liquor and a "ring” of:

ind “ hopes the Noble Earl will send his children back," after'a decent schoolfellows (the cowardly among whom chiefly delight in the scene) |

Sinterval! We cannot conceive a supposition more insulting to his is neither a cause nor a test of true valour. Violence and injustice

injustice | Lordship, both as a father and as a public man... '' , ; are however instilled into the minds of the youths. Right and wrong": • The just published No. of the Edinburgh Review contains an excel. are less considered than strength or weakness; a good cause goes for lent account of the Hazelwood system.. nothing strong arm and a quick eye give their possessor the superiority, and every quarrel is decided, not by equity, but by force. The barbarous notion is burnt into their minds, that daring and viol a 'm, .. THE WISHING-CAP. Lerence lence are the great means of success; and all who reflect on the durat '','. ..' able nature of boyish impressions, will easily imagine that this notion

No. XXV. VER-VERT ; is carried from school into the world, Add to this the flogging and

OR, THE PARROT OF THE NUNS. the fagging, prevalent at all our public schools; and then people may

(Concluded.) cease to wonder at the number of ready-made tyrants and courtiers

• What words bave passed thy lips."--MILTON. (both in one) sent into the world from these nurseries of aristocracy.

- CHAPTER H.:: All the severity, too, between master and pupil, is not inconsistent The same vagabond of a boat, which contained the sacred bird, conwith an extreme license out of school hours: the debaucheries of the tained also two damsels, three dragoons, a wet-ourse, a monk, and scholars are ás notorious as their corporal punishments.

two Gascons; pretty society for a young thing just out of a monastery ! Nothing can be more erroneous than the idea, that greater classical Ver-Vert thought himself in another world. It was no longer texts mnowledge is acquired at public than at private schools; it is obvious and orizons with which he was treated, but words which he never to common sense, that a taste for learning is better fostered by yen-heard before, and none of the most Christian. The dragoons, a race tleness than by stripes *; but supposing it were not so-supposing not eminent for devotion, spoke no language but that of the ale-house. that boys at Eton or Winchester did learn more Latin and Greek t'aan All their hymns to beguile the road were in honour of the God of the pupils of private seminaries, would that acquirement be any Drinking : their only moveable feasts were those of the Tankard. The equivalent for the injury they sustain in the other parts of their edu. Gascons and the three new Graces kept up a concert in the taste of cation, the degradation of mind, the habit of referring all matters in the allies. The boat-men cursed, and swore, and made horrible rhymes : dispute to brute force, and the ruin of morals?

taking care by a masculine articulation, that not a syllable should lose Few defenders of the fagging and flogging system can now, we its vigour. Ver-Vert, melancholy and frightened, kept silent in a should conceive, be found. There are writers, however, who excuse corner, and knew not what to say or to think. the pugilism, and who argue that it affords a wholesome vent for In the course of the voyage, the company resolved to “ fetch out" anger among large numbers of boys, and that it is better for them to our hero. The task fell on Brother Lubin the monk, who in a tone settle their quarrels on the spot, by personal struggle, that to bear ill very unlike his profession, put some questions to the handsome forlorn. will towards each otber. This appears to us to be a gross error: we. The benign bird assumed his best manner, and hearing a formal sigh, are sure that embittered feeling is much more likely to be kept up by replied in a pedantic tone,“ Hail, sister !" At this Hail, you may hghting, particularly on the part of the conquered, than if the dispute guess if they shouted with laughter. Every tongue fell on poor Father were referred to the judgment of the other boys (or of the master) and Parrot. the riatter discussed and decided by reason and justice. A boy inay

Our novice bethought within himself, that he must have spoken be convinced that he is wrong by the opinions and decision of his amiss, and that if he would be well with the ladies present, he must companions- Devêr by a beating from a stronger boy.

adopt the style of the gentleman. Naturally of a daring temper, and It is common to talk of the number of great and learned men edu- having been hitherto well fumed with incense, his modesty was not eated at public schools. The larger number not so educated is never proof against so much contempt. He lost his patience; and in losing mentioned; yet in regard to the high aames in literature and the arts, his patience, alas! poor Ver-Vert lost his innocence. He even began, the comparison would be prodigiously against the brutal system of inwardly, to mutter ungracious curses against the good sisters his in

structors, for not having taught him the true refinements of the French In a good school, the time, lad spends there is only the beginning language, its nerve and its delicacy. He accordingly set himself to of his education : he acquires in it a just sense of the beauty and value of learn them with all his might, not speaking much, it is true, but not knowledge, and leaves it with an eager desire to add to his stock. But the less inwardly studying for all that. In two days (such is the pro

fagged and flogged scholar detesis his teachers and his tasks ; syntax gress of evil in young minds) he forgot all that had been taught him ; and prorody may be beaten into him by rote, and he may be screwed

a and in less than no time was as off-hand a swearer as any in the boat. up, by consant appeals to the baser paris of his nature, to go through a public examination : he yearns, however, for the moment of his deliver

He swore worse than an old devil at the bottom of a holy-water box.

It has been said, that nobody becomes abandoned at once. Ver-Vert moe from academic restrictions and sufferings; and from the period of ubieg his liberty (unless his occupations in Tife demand a frequent

scorned the maxim. He had a contempt for any mere noviciates anteise of his acquirements) he never forms to those studies which are and was a blackguard in the twinkling of an eye. In short, one o parably associated in his mind with pain and humiliation,

| the boatmeden

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