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THE POLITICAL EXAMINER. service, nor over her doctrinc, would the proposed death have dominion,
over what part then ?-What part? What but that which, from first in Party is the muaduess of niany for the gain of a few.-Pope.
last, has by all doctors been considered as her vilal part, even that part of
her which'is of gold. Of gold, according to the most authentic accounts, CHURCH ESTABLISHMENT.
was one of the thighs of the philosopher Pythagoras : of the same pre
cions matter is the heart of Excellent Church. In the Roval Navy, “ Mother Church relieved by Bleeding, 8c."
“ Hearts of oak are our ships, hearts of oak are our men.” This pamphlet of 32 pages consists of two chapters from BESTHAM's -according to one of the most popular of our Tyrtæus's : not less inconlarge volume, entitled c Church of Englandism and its Catechism
testably of gold is the heart of Excellent Church. * * The life then Examined." The first is á Summary of the vices of Excellent
of this excellent person being in her gold, taking away her gold, you take Church, in regard to doctrine, pay, service, and discipline. It is
| away her life : lier life you divest her of, and instead of it put on death :
here then is Thanasia. But that death is a most easy one : an easier one not however a mere string of dogmas : the proofs of each assertion was never imagined in Sybaris. Here then is Euthanasia. No spasm : pre stated in so condensed and masterly a manner, that they have at no convulsion : a death which no man will feel : a death for which all once the force of arguments, and the advantage of presenting to the men will be the beller, aud scarce a man the worse.-Yes : this will mind a complete and comprehensive picture. Never was the illus- indeed be, if any one there ever was (in the gravest and most important trious author's demonstrative power more happily exerted than in this sense) a death unto sin : yea, and at the same time instead a new life unto chapter ; dever was there a more striking erposé of a mass of cor
rigliteousness. * * The great mischief of which the system is the ruption and abuses. The insincerity, the “ prostration of will and
perennial source, the mischief done by it to morality and good governunderstanding,” required by the doctrines of the Church,--the evasion,
ment, would be cleared away: to morality, by the perpetual doininion
which has been exercised by the abose-mentioned confederacy of vices : fraud, and falsehood, sanctioned by its service and discipline,--the op
to good government, by the support which, through the medium of pressive nature and unchristian excess of its pay,—are exhibited in an
corrupt and corruptive influence, has been given to despotism.” manswerable shape. The second chapter contains the plan of a Church
The opinions of enlightened Englishmen, whether followers of the Reform, founded on two principles which all rational Prote:tants
Church or Dissenters, have long been decided against the mischievmust applaud. 1. To make the religious service of the Church more
ousness and scandal of the Establishment; and those opinions are effective, and thus “ to promote the joint interests of piety, morality, and economy." 2. To take scrupulous care of all fixed interests, either assist their extension
| rapidly spreading among all classes. This cheap reprint will powerfully in possession or in expectancy. It is not our intention to go into the ** proposed details, for wbich the little pamphlet may be consulted. The
TAXES ON TEA AND BREAD. leading feature of the plan is, the total abolition of all ecclesiastical dignities and sinecures, as soon as the present incumbents die off, and
The professed object of Mr. Robinson, in his late financial mea. the performance of the regular clerical duties by qualified clerks at sures, was to lighten the imposts which press heavily on commerce. moderate stipends, leaving those who want more gifted or lordly func- Pa
I particularly in those cases where the duty is so excessive as to oppress tionaries to support them by voluntary contributions, in the same
the consumer, and encourage smuggling, while it does not benefit, manner as the dissenting clérgy are now provided for. The defalcated
and even in many cases injures, the revenue itself. Admitting the property and revenues, after paying the reformed establishment, to go
propriety of this principle, it will hardly be denied, that another and to the coffers of the state, and be applied to the relief of the people from
a main consideration should be, to apply what relief can be afforded
a taxes. Let it not be said, that an ecclesiastical Establishment cannot
to those taxes which most severely militate against the comforts of the subsist without dignitaries and riches. The Church of Scotland is industrious classes. How comes it then, that the Minister has done tablished to all useful purposes--and somewhat, more firmly, we
norbing to mitigate the enormous duty on tea? The question, whether sagine, than her pampered and bloated sister. His most gracious
tea is abstractedly a wholesome thing, and a good thing to encourage viajesty George the Fourth is the legal Head of the Church of
the consumption of, is not to the present purpose. Of stimulants, it Scotland, as he is of the Church of Hanover or of Canada : there is
is comparatively an innoxious one; and as society in this country is therefore nothing seditious, or visionary, or Jacobinical, or levelling, in |
not yet in a condition from which we can hope the general adoption the respectable and well-ordered Scottish Establishment...
of the simplest food that Nature requires, no legislator would be justiNevertheless, no man can propose such a thing as a Church Reform,
fied in attempting to diminish by taxation the use of tea, under preeven though his plan has for its object to make the Church more con
tence of a regard for the health of the people. At all events, the sistent with its Founder's precepts, more virtuous, more respected,
Minister who has lowered the wine and spirit duties, will have nothings more powerful for religious ends,-no man, we say, can propose such
to say on that score; therefore we are at a loss to conceive how he can a Reform without raising a hornet's nest about his ears, and being
"justify himself in leaving the duty on tea at its present extravagant assailed with a string of foul names. Admirably has the venerable
amount. The greater part of the impost is levied on the teas drank Author met the spiteful yell of frightened corruption :
by the middle and lower classes : it forms a costly item in the domes* Spoliation of the Church b-Plonder of the Church !--Subversion | tic expenditure of the respectable housekeeper, a cruel deduction of the Church !-Destruction of the Church !-Oh horrible!
from the daily pittance of the poor labourer. Of the price of a pound * Spoliation, plunder, subversion, destruction, of a fictitious entity ! of tea, three-fourths are tax. What is purchased at 8s, a pound in Well, all fictitious entities that ever were figured, suppose them de-England, may be bought in Hamburgh or in New York for 2s. It spoiled, plandered, subverted, destroyed, at one stroke : where would be would be less mortifying if the immense sum levied by this duty were the objection, so long as no real entily of the class of existing persons applied to the national expenditure; but a large portion of it goes to were found, that would be the worse? Of these individuals, what one is the East India Company, whose monopoly, without this, is injurious there that would in any way be the worse for it? 'To persons in possession, to persons having right in expectancy, the option of either retaining
enough to the public. The wholesale prices of the teas sold at the simply what they have, or adding to it; such throughout, as to them,
| Company's sales are doubled by the purposed limitation of the supply, would be the effect of it.
in the teeth of Acts of Pariamenis to compel abundant sales. The * On whom then does the loss by the spoliation fall? Upon those
Government duty, being nearlŷ 100 per cent. ad #nlorem, again doubles persons who, but for the change in question, would, to obtain this or that the price to the tea-dealer, who, adding a profit proportioned to his share of the money, have passed themselves off for receivers of the Holy outlay, brings it up to the preposterous rate at which the consumer Ghout. Deplore their fale! Deplore then along with it the sale of the purchases. A considerable smuggling from the Continent is the conhelpless innocents, who, had a certain man intermarried with a certain sequence, the mischiess of which, as well to the revenue as to morality, woman, would have come into existence.”
Mr. ROBINSON can deseribe so eloquently. Now, if the Minister Equally complete and powerful is the demonstration, that by the
cannot spare any portion of the produce of the tea-tax, he might at proposed Reform the Church would lose nothing but what weakens
least enforce the law against the India Company, and by that means and corrupts it :
reduce the first sale price one-half. Supposing the same nominal * True it is that, of this plan, death of Excellent Church has from the
duty (100 per cent.) to be then levied on that reduced price, it can very first been the ackuowledged object. Death? Yes; but of what
| scarcely be doubted that by the increased consumption, and the part belonging to her? Her Doelrine No: that is left by it untouched : 1) left to all those by whom it is approved : left to thein to make the most
diminution of smuggling, double the present quantity would pay duty of it. Her Servire i No: thai is left to her not only untouched, but to the Exchequer. And the consumer would be relieved by a reducbetter secured than ever : the performance of it secured with a degree of tion of full one-half in the retail price. In short, there is no repeal of oniform regularity never hitherto exampled, * * If neither over her duties on commodities which would combine so many benefits to all
parties, as this abolition of the illegal practice of the Leadenhall-street be made for the repeal of the Corn Laws, and we shall then Monopolists.
see what the liberal commercial professions of Ministers are worth. There is another tax, however, under which the people of this We wish the people would seriously turn their attention to the subcountry smart, without perhaps one in a hundred of the sufferers being 'ject, and petition numerously in favour of the proposed relief. A very aware of its existence, much less of its extent. It is indirect, and
little reflection will convince them, that the Window and House disguised under a different name; but it is not on that account the less
on that account the less Taxes are trifling in importance compared to the Tax ON BREAD, impoverishing and wasteful. We mean the BREAD-Tax. The law which forbids the importation of foreign corn, except when the home
LITERARY NOTICE. priee has reached a certain height, artificially raises the price, by limiting the supply to what this country produces. That produce is Memoirs of Moses Mendelsohn, the Jewish Philosopher. not sutticient for its consumption, without bringing into cultivation
By M. SAMUELS. inferior soils, upon which capital is wastefully spent, that might be We know of nothing more instructive or more entertaining than a prontably employed in other branches of industry. The difference piece of biography, the subject of which is so removed from the combetizeen the price of corn in England under the non-importation mon walks of life, that we are indulged with a sort of a peep into law, and what the price would be, were foreign corn freely admitted, another species of existence. Such, in many respects, is the work is so much levied on the community, in the nature of a tax; with this before us, which records the career of a man every way extraordinary. additional aggravation, however, that the produce of this tax does not Many of our readers need not be informed, that Moses Mendelsohn go into the Exchequer: a small part of it is pocketed by two wealthy was a German Jew, of profound acquirement, both in Hebrew lore clames, and the main portion is positively wasted. We never saw the and general learning; whose philosophic spirit and temperament operation and magnitude of this tremendous impost more clearly or acquired him the name of “ the Jewish Plato." The career of this forcibly stated, than in an article in the Monthly Magazine by our old highly gifted and amiable Jew was as honourable as singular. friend and correspondent F. P. “It was computed," he says, “ that Brought up in extreme poverty, by the mere force of his own genias the difference in the price of corn, from 1815 to 1822, above what it and that union of endurance and forbearance which, in a literary and would have been, had there been no Corn Laws, amounted annually philosophic point of view, is possibly the surest guide to grand results, to npwards of TWENTY-FIVE MILLIONS OF POUNDS STERLING; and he became not only a great Hebrew scholar, but classically endowed this calculation never was refuted; no attempt, indeed, worthy of in the more general sense of the term, and, in particular, a meditative notice was ever made to refute it. Of these TWENTY-FIVE MILLIONS, and acute metaphysician. With all this acquirement, and afflicted not more than SEVEN MILLIONS came into the hands of the landlords with very indifferent health, this compound of genius, perseverance, and parsons, all the rest being a dead annual luss to the public, an abso- and industry, also contrived to amass a fortune in a mercantile lote waste of labour, produce, and commodities, occasioned by the capacity, and was finally influential both in property and talent. The cultivation of inferior land. People call out, properly enough, against head of a new and more liberal school, in regard to the literature and bary taxes; they represent this tax and that tax as pressing heavily, | philosophy of his own tribe, he was also a particular star in the tben and pray that they may be repealed. But they do not sufficiently rising literary constellation of Germany, consisting of Lessing, Abbt, attend to the bread-tar, the heaviest by far of all ihe taxes. They do Nicolai, the Eulers, &c. Mendelsohn was born at Dessau in 1729, not seem to advert to this terrible impost, as being levied on them but his fame and his fortune were acquired in Berlin, where he died over and above the heavy taxes of which they complain. If the Corn in 1786, at the age of fifty-seven, possessed of the highest reputation Lars were repealed, and a tax on bread to raise TwENTY-FIVE MIL- both among Jews and Christians. LIONS annually, to pay off the national debt, were proposed, the In a brief notice of this nature, all attempt to expatiate on the nation would ring from one end to the other against the proposition ; various labours of a distinguished literary and philosophical life would yot it would not, if carried into effect, take from the people one shil- be futile; but there is something in the character of the biography ling more than they are now, and have been for years, paying without before us, composed as it is by an Israelitish pen, which renders it any advantage to themselves. Had the money thus taken from them extremely worthy of perusal. In the first place, we are indulged with been applied to the discharge of the debt, say only since 1814, two a curious display of modern Jewish mind, in reference to the present KUNDRED AND FIFTY MILLIONS would have been paid, and taxes to relative position of Judaism and Christianity; and secondly, we the amount of at least TEN MILLIONS a-year would have been taken acquire an instructive view of the peculiar notions which stand in the off. Thus then the matter stands. We pay TWENTY-FIVE MILLIONS way of the conversion of the Jews, and which tend to keep them a brend-tax, for no good whatever to the nation. We are incumbered separate people. These points are admirably illustrated in the celewith Two HUNDRED AND FIFTY MILLIONS OF DEBT, and consequently brated letter from Mendelsohn to the enthusiastic Lavaier, who, with TEN MILLIONS of taxes, more than we need have, had the bread something with the temper of our Priestley, sought to engage him in a tax been paid to the state, instead of being wasted, or paid to the controversy on the evidences of Christianity. In this calm and finely Land-owners and Parsons.—That the Clergy profit by the Corn composed production, the Jewish philosopher, while he gently repels Lawe, there can be no doubt; because their tenth is taken from the the invitation of Lavater, rejects all disposition to make converts on produce of the land, not from the profit. But the gain of the landlords his own part, as diametrically opposed to the Jewish religion. The is very questionable, since dear bread makes other commodities dear, rabbins, he observes, unanimously teach that the written and moral and they suffer considerably as general consumers. At all events, laws of the Jews are obligatory on themselves alone; and they are so their gain from this most unwise system is less in reality than at first remote from the Proselylomania, that they endeavour to dissuade by sighi. As for the farmers, nothing but a gross infatuation could have forcible remonstrances every one who comes forward to be converted. lod tiem to support the non-importation law. Rent invariably rises“ Proselytes," says the Talmud, “ are annoying to Israel as a scab.” in proportion to the rise in the average price of corn, while tithes and“ We believe," continues Mendelsohn, “ that all other nations have poon rates become more burdensome. A temporary advantage is in- been directed by God to adhere to the laws of nature and the religion deed made by farmers holding long leases: but there is even a of the patriarchs. Those who regulate their laws according to the reaction upon that, on the leases being renewed ; and how little, precepts of this religion of nature and of reason, are called urtuous after all, does it compensate them for the losses they are subject to, men of other nations, and are the children of eternal salvation." when the price runs up beyond the non-importation limit, and hundreds Again : “ Suppose there were amongst my contemporaries a Coniuare swept off into absolute ruin by an influx of cheap foreign corn! The cius or a Solon, I could, consistently with my religious principles. going-up of prices is very pleasant, of course; for though rent, uithe, love and admire the great man, but I should never indulge the extrataxes, and wages, follow pretty briskly, they still keep behind as long vagant idea of converting a Solon or a Confucius. What should I as the rise continues. When prices liave reached the top of the scale, convert hiin for? As he does not belong to the congregation of Jacob. however, rent, tithe, and wages, soon come up with them; and when my religious laws were not legislated for him, and, as to doctrines, we pricor begin to go down, the charges in question--true to their old should soon come to an understanding. Do I think there is a chance character-still keep behind, and descend very slowly. Some of them of his being saved ? I certainly believe that he who leads mankind indeed can hardly be brought a peg lower by any contrivance. The to virtue in this world cannot be damned in the next. And I need debt so enormously augmented during the high prices and fictitious not now stand in awe of any College that would call me to account prosperity, does not diminish with them: the taxes levied to pay its for this opinion, as the Sorbonne did honest Marinontel.” interest remain the same in amount, whether wheat be 40 or 70 We have given the foregoing passage for a double reason: first, as shillings a quarter. Here in fact lies the whole secret of the present showing the real nature of the obstacles to conversion between Judaism embarrassed state of the farmers. Their charges,--rent, tithe, and and Christianity, and the notions which tend to keep the Jews a especially taxes, which rose with the war prices of corn, bave not separate caste, like the Hindoos; and, secondly, because it exhibits fallen in a like proportion with the reduction of prices since the the ultimate triumpb of Reason and Philosophy over the barbarous peace. They have to pay almost as much as ever, while they receive dogmata, which in one religion exterminate entire populations, in the a great deal less than during the war.-A motion will shortly name of the Lord; in another, make the virtues of heretics only
piendid sins; in a third, damn unbaptised infants a span long; and to prevent Mr. Judge from seizing any implement for his defence." In : á a fourth, do not make virtue the road 'to salvation simpliciter, but the scuffle, Mr. Judge was thrust ioto the passage, where some heavy Brandon quid. It is pleasant. 'we repeat, to perceive the man- blows were inflicted in the presence of several witnesses, which cut Mr. er in which humanity, common sense, and the collision of various
| J.'s eye and cheek in a dreadful manner. In the course of an hour, elect, gradually wears down these asperities, and philosophises all |
i Berkeley ordered his carriage, and left this town for Gloucester. Mr. bese notions into something socially endurable. Were the religion
! | Judge continues very ill, but not dangerously."
An account in the Cheltenham Chronicle, given on the authority of ndin still existent, the progress of civilization would by this time “ Gentlemen of respectability,” says that Colonel Berkeley disregarded BE forn a portion of the iron out of the system, and the hall of Val the aspersions thrown upon himself, but the unjustifiable reflections and alla would bave required fewer sculls and have been less uproarious. insults cast upon the Ladies, he could not endure, and were to bé atoned 1s in astronomy, there is a general centre for the universal system, for. With two friends, therefore, he proceeded to Mr. Judge's lodgings: nd, with fair play, all men sooner or later find themselves attracted “ On entering the room, Colonel Berkeley said, “ Mr. Judge, I must it Were not this the case, the moral world would go to pieces.
request to know the author of the foul calúmnies which have appeared We particularly recommend the whole of the letter of Mendelsohn
in your paper, on me particularly, and on my friends generally." Mr. Lavater, as bighly honourable to modern Judaism; but as a literary
Jadge replied, “ Whom have I'the honour of addressing Colonel B.
answered," I am Colonel Berkeley.”-Mr. Judge then observed, that he istory, this volume is also interesting. The labours of Mendelsohn
should be happy to meet him at the office and explain. Col. Berkeley tere various and abundant, as a list of his works at the end will show:
said, “ No, the present time mast furnish the information, and in this perusal of that alone will prove him an extraordinary individual; place,” Mr. Judge declined making any answer; when Colonel B. took but there is a something in the concoction of the entire book, which hin by the collar with his left hand, and with his right inflicted a severe Astinguishes it from the general run of kindred biography, and recom-chastisement with a hand-whip, to which Mr. Judge offered no resiste mods it to the notice of those who like to contemplate the various
ance, except by kicking, and screaming“ Murder! for God's sake let me me which education and circumstance bestow on human existence.
go!" and similar expressions of great pain. During the whole correction no person approached or touched Mr. Judge, except Colonel
Berkeley, and some of the servants, who came to his, Mr. Judge's, assiste :
UNITED STATES. cotribations, breathed the greatest enthusiasm. Mr. O'Connell's letter, xting his tropes of the success of the Emancipation Bill, and the condi
ELECTION OF PRESIDENT. irax with which it was to be accompanied, and recommending the most
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, February 9, 1825. espectful submission on the part of the Association, was read, and pro
| At twelve o'clock precisely, the Members of the Senate entered the iced a great sensation in the Meeting. A Resolution was carried, ex
Hall, preceded by their Serjeant at Arms, and having the President of ressing the gratitude and confidence of the Association in Mr. O'Con
the Senate at their head, who was invited to a seat on the right hand of ell and the rest of the Deputation to England.
the Speaker of the House. Seals were then assigned the Senators in front of the Speaker's chair.
A Senator and two Members of this House were appointed Tellers, HARRIETTE WILSON.
and proceeded to examine the certificates of the votes of those electors in The following letter has been addressed to the Editor of the Globe and
each Slate who were entitled to vote for President and Vice-President.. peller:
The totals of the votes were as follow :* Mr. Eprtor,-In this age of Memoirs, Recollections, and Remi
For President ataces, it is not to be wondered at that Old Harriette Wilson has been John Quincy Adams . ; 84 | Andrew Jackson ... 99
successful as her neighbours, John Bull and others, in gulling the William H. Crawford . .' 41 | Henry Clay . . . . . 37 blic From all she or her Ambrosial Friend has written for her, one
For Vice Presidentleght be led to believe her, when she states such broad facts, in spite of John C. Calhoun . . . . 182 | Nathan Sanford ... 30 mitting dates; but with any of our wits about us, we can never forget
Nathaniel Macon ... 24 Henry Clay ... 2 ant people not contemporary could not hold converse. You must Andrew Jackson . ii. 13 Martin Van Burenr . 9 er ballade to bringing the Marquis of Lorne and the Duke of Welling
The President of the Senate then rose, and declared that no person had et together, though there were eight years difference between those I received a legal majority of the votes given for President of ihe United Her. Poor Tom Sheridan's account of his father must be equally unso
States ; that Andrew Jackson, John Quincy Adams, and William H. ruit is malicious, from the known fact of the father and son being
Crawford, were the three persons who had received the highest number en taken from us within a few weeks of each other. If this Lady's
of votes, and that the remaining duties in the choice of a President now, lepoirs had been complete, she perhaps might have recollected a little
devolved upon the House of Representatives. He further declared, that Erty little girl, whose name was Du Bouchet, who was five and twenty
John C. Calhoun, of South Carolina, having received 182 votes, was duly an ao a regular tramp in St. James's-street and the courts adjoining, elected Vice President of the United States, to serve for four years from in picked up by a nobleman and converted into a lady; after growing
leman and converted into a tady; after growing, I the 4th day of March. bo old for any success in begging from those persons of high rank, whose The Members of the Senate then retired.--The Speaker directed the ames she could collect from the Court Guide (her constant practice), she
roll of the House to be called by States, and the Members of the beated a prisoner from the Fleet, and set him sailing after his preten- respective delegations to take their seats in the order in which the States ons to an Irish peerage; if she should see this, she will know who
should be called, beginning at the right hand of the Speaker.—The roll erate it, agd perhaps, I may receive a round sum not to say any more.
nd sum not to say any more. was called accordingly, when it appeared that every Member of the Formerly got her living by mending and cleaning silk stockings, at House was present, with the exception of Mr. Garnett, of Virginia, who
she was very expert. She was never handsome, though she had is known to be indisposed at his lodgings in Washington. d'eyes, but was hog-backed, narrow-chested,' and had an aukward | Ballot boxes were distributed to each delegation, by the Serjeant at Anar gait, and was not at all like the handsome portrait which is Arms, and the ballots having all been deposited, tellers were named by wiebed as that of Harriette Wilson; but this can be of no consequence the respective delegations; those tellers counted the votes, and one of *®, as she must be next summer in her 420 year. But what am I who l them announced to the Speaker, that the result was for aan "seollect these things? Why
: * AN OLD RAKE."
Jolin Quincy Adams, of Massachusetts, 18 votes. * South Molton-street, Grosvenor-square.
Andrew Jackson, of Tennessee . . . 7
Wm. H. Crawford, of Georgia . . . 4 Tom Sheridan died at the Cape so soon after his father, that he had
The Speaker then stated this result to the House, and announced that er heard of his father's death.' He had lest England long before.
John Quiney Adams, having a majority of the votes of ihese United
States, was duly elected President of the same for four years, commenc.. MR. JUDGE HORSEWHIPPED BY COL. BERKELEY. Ting with the 4th day of March next.-And then the House adjourned. Xr. Judee, the Proprietor of the Cheltenham Journal, in a late publica- The National Intelligencer says, 'The moment of the election, yes. Saving ebarged Cotonet Berkeley with having advertised a contra- terday, may naturally be supposed to have been one of deep excitement. on to the report, that “the Ladies had refused his tickets for the The result was known in the hall as soon as it was ascertained how New teley Hunt Ball," and having also made some observations on the York had voted. The very crowded galleries, however, are separated so
et not palatable to the aforesaid Colonel, he on Monday went to Mr. completely from the body of the House, and such perfect silence prer's apartments in Cheltenham, accompanied by two friends, and vailed, that the first idea that a choice had been made was communicated manded the name of the author of the offensive paragraphs. Mr. by the report of the tellers, that Mr. Adams had 18 votes ! The effect se replied, that if they would go with him to the office, he would was electric. Without waiting for the tellers to conclude their report, o
bim every satisfaction. This the Colonel refused to do; and, ac few persons in the galleries, by clapping their hands, &c. gave tokens of ding to the account of one of the Proprietors of the Cheltenham Journal, approbation, and a few scarcely audible hisses were heard, as if in reply Genel Berkeley, without further ceremony, commenced the most to the plaudits. The presentation of the report was arrested by the
con attack upon Mr. Judge, by beating him over the head and face Speaker, order required in the House, and the galleries ordered to be per the but-end of a hunting-whip, while one of his companions secured cleared, and were cleared accordingly. This was a deep disappointmen
oor of the room, and the other placed himself before the fire, as if to the more than thousand persons, who had, many of them, patien
waited from early morn, to witness this august spectacle. It was neces. | be the effect of the new carrents which would be created by the removal sary, however, that the House sbould exaci the respect due, not only to of London-bridge; and he decidedly opposed the entering into any new its authority, but to the political rights and personal feeling of its project touching the banks of the river, until that edifice should be commembers." "
Lord PALMERSTON said, it was quite impossible pot to see thet a new
thoroughfare, uniting the two ends of the town, was much wanted. And, UNITED PARLIAMENT.
for the mere effert of the thing, a quay would be the sort of communication
peculiarly desirable. Everybody, as they went up and down the river, HOUSE OF LORDS.
constantly exclaimed, “What a pity it is that there is uot a quay !" Tuesday, March 15.
Sir R. WILSON supported the motion, in the hope that if the measure Petirious against the Catholic Claims were presented from the Univer- were found practicable, something might hereafter be done for the im. sity of Cambridge and the Dean and Chapter of Peterborough. A provement of the suburbs. petition was also presented from the merchants, bankers, and other inha. Mr. Peel did not think the proposed plan was at all necessary as an bitants of Dublin, which prayed for the removal of all commercial reo ornament to the city-particularly when it was to be effected at the exstrictions, and more particularly for the repeal of the duty on coals, whicla pense of particular interests. At all events, he would defer the plan until greatly impeded the employment of machinery, on which the success of he saw what might be the effects of the removal of London-bridge on the ananufactores in Ireland depended.
north side of the Thames. SPRING-GUNS.
Mr. A. BARING supported the motion. Very great inconvenience had Lord Surfield introduced a bill, making feloniously stealing vegetable already been experienced by the inmense concourse of carringrs and productions a larceny, when a conrersation arose of some length as to the rebicles of all descriptions. Do some days, the great line of comunica. limitation of the use of Spring-guns. Lord Suffield explained, that the tion by the Strand, from the rest end of the town, was literally impassable bill would enact that all persons setting Spring-guns, or other destrnctive for hours together, by the throng of wargons and carts. engines, for the purpose of taking away human life, or doing some bodily On a division, the bringing in the Bill was voted by 85 to 45. barm, in any place not being a nursery or cultivated garden ground,
CATHOLIC CLAIMS.--TIE PROTESTANT CLERGY. should, in case of human life being actually lost, be declared guilty of Lord PALMBRSTON presented a petition from the University of Cambridge manslaughter: that in case only a blow or wound should be the consé. against the Catholic claims. . quence of such engines being set, the person seiting them should be
Mr. Bankes, jun. stated, that this petition did not merely express the guilty of a misdemeanor, and ihat the party injured should have a right of
sentiments of the Clerical, but also the lay members of the University, action for damages. The other bill, by which he intended to make all
and therefore might be received without exciting the sneers and laughters robberies in such cultivated grounds as he had last alluded to larcenies,
which had been excited by some petitions on the sale subject, for tre would obviate the objections which had been on a former occasion urged
other cause that he could learn, except that they came from Clergymes ! against his measure. He concluded by moving the first reading of He protested against the scoffs and scorns which were cast upou itre de. the bill.
titions of the Clergy: considering their education, their rank in life, and Lord ELLENBOROUGH was of opinion that the effect of the bill would
their importance in the country, they were entitled at any rate to altro. he to lay open the gardens, in the neighbourhood of London, to the de.
tion and respect. He contrasted the different modes in which the peripredations of thieves. After some observations from several Noble
tions of the Catholic Clergy and those of the Established Church were Lords, the bill was read. The House then resolved itself into a Com. receired by the House. The former were heard with kindness and atten. mittee on the Spring-guu bill, when Lord ELLENBOROUGH proposed an tion, and were made the subject of lofty encomiums; the latter were amendment, that all walled and fenced grounds should be exempted from
flouted and discountenanced, and all but lang hed out of the House ! the operation of the bill. A conversation ensued, the Earl of Liverpool said, that he should
Mr. Home observed, that no language liad been used which conld trar. oppose the amendment, upon the broad principle, that Spring guns and
rant ibe Hon. Member in asserting that there was a wishi on their part 10
get rid of the petitions of the Clergy. It would be preposterous inderd ollier destructive engines were not a fit protection for private property.
for men who professed liberal principles, to adapt such an iliiberal mode He would therefore move, as a further amendment, that the provisions of
of proceeding. (Hear, hear!) What be (Mr. Humne) had said regarding The bill should apply generally, and that it should be declared illegal to
the Clergy on a former night, was, that the Clergymen of England, whu et Spring-guns in any place whatever
were so superior to the generality of the people, in education and rauk ia The Hunge was then cleared for a division on the last amendment by
life, were a century behind them in mildness and liberality of feeling. Lord Liverpool, when the numbers were, Content, 20N01 Conten!, 1- With Christian charity always in their mouths, they ought to exhibit a Majority in favour of the amendment, 23.
little more of Christian charity in their practice. Enjoying civil rights Thursday, March 17.
themselves, they ongbt not to seek to debar others from full participatioa The Bishop of Bath and Wells presented a petition from the Arch-l in them. If there was any difference in the attention which the House deaconry of bis Diocese, against further concessions to the Catholics, and bestowed on the petitions received from the Catholic and the Established defended the conduct of the Clergy in coming forward with petitions on Clergy, it was owing to this circumstance that the former petitioned for this subject,
justice, whilst the latter sought to perpetuate injustice. (Ilear, hear) Lord King remarked, that no one objected to the reception of petitions Sir EliaB HARVEY begged to observe, that when he presented the peti. from the Cleroy, but to the intolerant sentiments they contained, and two tion from the Archdeaconry of Essex, which did equal honour to the hearts of the most intolerant had certainly been presented from the Diocese of and heads of those who signed in, it was received with an uproar and claBath and Wells.
mour which was more worthy of a bear.garden than of the Thouse of CoSeveral trilling amendments were then made in the Spring guns bill.
mons. (Hear, hear!) HOUSE OF COMMONS.
tions of the Clergy was most undeserved, as they had always been tbe Tuesday, March 15.
guardians of our religious rights. A petition was presented against the Fish Company, when a conversa Mr. Spring Rice allowed that the petition was entitled to erery attention arose, in which some Honourable Members maintained that such com. tion ; but it ought not to be taken as speaking the unanimous opinion of panies would raise the price of fish, and others, that they would render fish cheaper.
meinbers who dissented from its prayer; and he believed le miglit say, | 0 AM ES QUAY.
that among thein were soine of the most enlightened members of the SeColonel Trench mored for leave to bring in a Bill to build a Quay and nate. With regard to wbat had fallen from the last speaker, about the Terrace on the North Bank of the Thames.
| Clergy being the guardians of our religious rights, he thought it was Mr. CalcRAFT opposed the measure. He contended that the Quay more of a Popish than a Protestant doctrine. (Hear, hear !) Every maa would produce great injury to the water-side property. Independeut of ought to be ihe judge of his own opinions ; and the best defenders of our the balustrade, ihe fool-path was to be 22 feet above the level of the car. religious rights had always been found in the lay members of the commi. riage-woy in Arundel or Surrey-streel; so that the inhabitants of those nity. (Ilear.') streets would lose the ligbt as high as their first-floor window 8. But his The petition was then laid on the table, but was not ordered to be clief reason for opposing the bill was, ibe total inpossibility which be printed.' saw of its ever succeeding. The cost alone put it out of all question. One
WASTE LANDS IN CANADA. prospectos had stated the probable expense at 400,0001. Anotber after. Mr. Wilmot Horton niored for leare to bring in a Bill for the Incorwards raised jt 10 600,0001. But it was not five times 600,000l. norporation and Sale of Waste Lands in the province of Upper Canada. mich less than 5,000,0001. that would complete it.
| Mr. Home expressed bis regret that five years ago, when he had Mr. HOBHOUSE agreed with Mr. C. in all he bad advanced.
strongly recommended a change in the colonial system, some proposition Colonel Trench adınitted that some injury, for the present, woold of this kind bad not been made. He had said then, and the result verified
crue to the houses in Surrey-street, and others in the sanie direction; his prediction, that the system of emigration held out would be defeated but, in the end, all ibat property would be materially benefited. As they by the bad system of the colonial authorities, the inordinate drinand of stood, the banks of the Thames were a disgrace to the metropolis. The augmented fees for individual probl (a system so diferent froin that pur. mprovement proposed, persons of the big best qualification would under-sued by the United States) and the other abuses which prevailed in Bria take to execute for 688,0001.
tish colonies. For the last twelve or Courteen years the colonial system Mr. CROKER opposed the project, especially pending the alteration now had been a disgrace to the Government; so much so, that if there were a mmaking at London-bridge. It was io possible to calculate what might | reformed House of Commons, he would impeach Lord Bathurst for a
breach of duty, and move an address to the King for his disinissal. His result of this arrangement was, that if thė taster chose to' mark a eask reasons for such impeachment would not be confined to the mal-adminis “second quality,'' he diminished its value 105. per cwt. If he marked it tration of Upper Canada, but to the general abuses of the Noble Lord's " third quality,”' &c., he reduced it 5s per cwt. more. Now Hon. Gentle : system in the Jonian Islands, the Cape of Good Hope, and the other settle- ! men would observe how serious à difference this must make in the price of mets. Look, for instance, at the Cape, where the inost glaring injustice a cask, which was about 41. sterling. And they would see, too, what a was daily suffering-where British subjects were transporting froni thence dangerous power this was 10 vest in one officer. To enake up the large 10 Botany Bay, uuder circumstances of the most aggravated oppression, amount of ilois export, no less than 700,000 casks must undergo this opera and where complaints were daily made, which called for redress from rion of tasting. (I laugh.) It was impossible for him to describe the any man who had a beart for huinau feeling.
extent to which gross corruption and oppression took place under this Mr. Gordon defended the conduct of Lord Bathorst. The appointment system. Upon this tasting bere was a fee of 2d. per cask to be paid. of official beads of colonies belonged to the Government generally, and ( But under various pretences of weighing, branding, &c., this charge ecLord. Bathurst band no right to be rendered particularly responsible for casionally rose lo 51., 7d., 11d., and even as high as rise-and-lwenty pesce jadiridual errors, if they had arisen in such appointinents; at all events, per cask, (Hear!) a loss whicle the poor farmer had to sustain. There he was sure the Noble Lord carefully attended to all the details of color was an officer, also, to mark and brand on the casks their capacity and nial business.
weight. But he (Sir H. Parnell) bad discovered, that it frequently hapMr. Barisg intimated, that as these colonies, from their relative posi-pened that the oficer, whose duty was so 'to brand the casks, accepted tion, and ihre prevailing feeling in all the new Governments of America to bribes, and left his brands in the bands of the coopers themselves. ( Hear!!) • get rid of Europeau dominion, would not likely remain long in connexion In short, boil in this matter, and iu respect to the weighing, the greatest with Great Britain-(Ilear, hear!)-it was time for Government to con- corruption prevailed. He did trust, therefore, that the Treasury had already
corruption prevailed. He did trust, therefore, sider at wbat period of maturity they would be fairly and honourably made up their minds as to wbat course they would take iu respect to this ready to allow the colonies the benefit of a separate system. He admitted | important subject. thal this was a bold, but a pressing consideration, which in the nature of Mr. CHARLES GRANT thought the Hon. Baronet had stated quite enough tbiogs onglot to gorern the principle of the projected new arrangements. to convince the House, that the present regulations of this important trade
Mr. W. HORTON said, the object of Government was to bring conside- / bad led only to fraud and collusion. table portions of uncultivated land into immediate coltivation by the Mr. Hume expressed his entire concurrence with the Right Hon. * *pital of a Company, onder regulations dictated by ihe Government. Gentleman. Siuce the repeal of all the laws about branding the linens of Labour was to be had in Canada, but capital was wanted, which this plan Scotland, its trade in that manufacture had very much improved ; and lie would supply.. The Hon. Gentleman defended the conduct of Lord wisbed the linen manufacturers of Ireland could only be prevailed upon to Bathurst, aod called for a definite charge..
try a similar experiment, which he was sure would be attended with results Mr. Hums said it was hard to charge hiin with being indefinite, who had equally beneficial. (Hear!) taken up so much time in each of the last five sessions with complaints The motion was agreed to. against the conduct of the Colonial Governors, and the neglect of the
ASSESSED TAXES BILL. Colonial-Office.-Leave was given to bring in the bill.
The ChanCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER, in moving the third reading of TRISH BANKING COMPANIES.
file above bill, slated, that he bad to propose four new clauses, which he Sir G. Hill moved for leave to bring in a bill for the regulation of wislied to be annexed to the bill, as riders. The first related to exemption copartnerships in Ireland. He described the bill as a measure necessary froin the dog-tax, of persons keeping one dog-the animal not being to give pratection to the capital now rapidly flowing into Ireland from pointer, spaniel, setting-dog, or greyhound; the second, exempting from this country.
the tax on windows, all those which were denoininated interior windows, Mr. Dawson supported the measure. Past experience had shown how 10 which the light was conducted from exterior windows ; the third, direfol were the hazards of private banking in Ireland. Provincial bank. I providing for the payment of ihe Collectors of the Assessed Taxes; ing was, nevertbeless, rapidly going on. He did not wish to do anything and the foortb, exempting innkeepers and publicans from paying the tax injurious to the Bank of Ireland ; but that company owed duties to the on servants, with reference to boys under the age of 15 years, country, in the fulfilincat of which, during times of urgent distress, they carrying out beer. He tien moved the clause for the exeinption of interior had shown themselves backward. He anticipated great advantages to the
windows from the operation of the window-tax after the 5th of April, 18:25. commercial wealth of Ireland by the establishment of a provincial banking Mr. Alderman Wood expressed his surprise at the manner in which the
Right Hon. Gentleinau went on legislating with respect to the window-lax. Sir H. PARSELL agreed in the censure bestowed upon the indifference | A lax so obnoxious to the country ought to be repealed at once. of the Bank of Ireland to the distresses which some time ago prevailed in
The motion was then agreed to. tbe south of Ireland, and which they might with ease have prevented. The CHANCELLOR of the ExchEQUER then proposed a clause, empowering
The CuaNCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER thought that bis Hon. Friend had the Treasury to make a proper allowance to any clerk or collector of the been a little serere on the Bank of Ireland. That body might, to be sore. Assessed Taxes, for expenses incurred by hiin in the discharge of his bave been, in their dealings, to some degree illiberal; (Hear') but that duty. This clause, the Riglit Hon. Gentleman observed, was necessary was a fault which they must save committed in common only with most on account of the reduction of the Assessed Taxes. The persons employed other commercial bodies, who generally tried a little to look after their in their collection were formerly conspevsated by a poundage, but as the own advantage with rather more anxiety than they manifested for the amount of that poundage would be now necessarily lessened, it was concerus of others. Such a fault, however, could never appear to Par- necessary to make some other provision. liament of sufficient weighit to justify an attack upon a chartered company
Mr. Bleme said the principle of paying by poundage was a most mis. of this nature.
chievous one. So long as their emoluments depended on poundare, so Mr. SPRING Rice observed, that the practice of the Bank of Ireland bad long would the surcharges be oppressive. This system was 50 vexarious, been, to refuse those advances or acconimodations (without which business that it ought to be removed. Those who were engaged in making these thost always languislı), however onexceptionable miglit be the security, surcharges were actualiy bribed to do wrong by the Treasury, as they were
pless the parties happened to be engaged in the trade of Dublin itself. rewarded with loalf of the sum surcharged. A clanse ought to be intro(Ilear. If they belonged to Cork, or any of the southern districts, however duced, enacting, that where the collector did not make out his surcharge, highly respectable, parties must establish an agency in Dublin before they on due examination, he should be fined to the amount which he attempted enöld obtain such advances.Now the Book of Ireland did no business at 10 levy upon others. all of this kind noder 5 per cent. ; the cbarge of the Dublin agency was The clause was then agrerd to. about I per cent. more ; and what with postages, brokerage, &c, lbec The CHANCELLOR of the ExchEQUER then moved the clause exempting commodition to such parties could only be obtained at the rate of nearly 7 from the tax on servants, boys under 15 years of age, employed in carrying percent. (Hear.) It was the jealousy which the Bank of Ireland felt of out beer. ihe introductibn of English capital and capitalists into Ireland, that alove i After a few words irom Mr. Wood and Sir F. OMMANEY, the clause wins induced it to take any adverse steps to such a measure asthis. As to Englisbiogreed to, and the bill was read a third time. capital, lie did not auyur all the benefits anticipated from its introduction,
WINE DUTIES BILL. $9 msich as he looked forward to the happiest results from the circumstance: On the motion for the second reading of the above will, of that Enlish capital being to be managrd by Englislı capitalists. (Hear, i Ms. Ilume called on the Chancellor of the Eschequer to state, whether hear!) Thal circumstance would introduce into Ireland those habits of he meant to give any relief to the importer of Cape wines? good faith and regularits, and pupctuality in business, wbicb ils cons: The ChanceLLOR of the EXCHEQUER replied, that when the bill was in tercial transactions did at present so much want. Upon this principle it the Committee, he would give the question every consideration. was that he felt chiefly induced to give his vote for the measure.
; Vr. Alderman loop wished to know what allowance would be made, Mr. Tent and Mr. M FITZGERALD approved of the proposed measure, with respect to the stock of wines onder a tun, which inn-keepers vight as did Mr. Atwood; and leave was given to bring in the bill.
have on hand. Many of them, were very much alarmed, as they had been IRISU BUSTER TRADE,
obliged to lower the prire of their wines 12s a dozen. : Sir H. L'ARNELL moved for papers on the subject of the Irish Bulter: Mr. HERRI88 said, chat an allowance would be granted for a stock of Trude. This trade, be said, formed an export of the value of three wine under a tun, but not to so low a quantity as ten or 20 gallons.---The tillons a year (Ilear!) principally carried on by small farmers and . biil was then read a second time. merchants. In 1812 it was subjected to a variety of mischievous and
l'ediescuit, March 16. .. Brxanings regulations, the principal of which were : that every cask of .
PACO PIROVIAN MINE COMPASY. Letter should be soll in a public market ; that a public officer, called a : On the motion for the second reading of this brill, Nir. HODHOLSSON later, should lasie the bullers, and mark their respective qualities. The dressed the llogac at some length in opposition to it. He said that the