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information respecting the tribes at the foot of the great chain Reviewer states, the height of the lake is not 1200 feet, but where the Niger rises. The Koorankoos and Soolimas are 950 or 1000 ; secondly, if the length of both rivers is calculated mild in their manpers, and possess a considerable, degree, of in the same way (by taking the same 'space in the compases) civilization. Their houses are large and clean, their fields an elevation of 1200 feet in the Tsad would not afford to its neatly cultivated, and they are expert in the common mecha-, waters much more than half the average fall per mile which nic arts. “A part of the people are Pagans; but part have is assigned to the Amazons : thirdly, the Nile approaches the been converted to Mahometanism. It is a curious fact, that sea with a considerable current, and has several cataracts in this religion, which entered Africa on the east, in the time of its course, while the Amazons has not a single cataract below the Prophet, has been inperceptibly gaiaing ground on Pagan- Jaen-has a fall of only Il feet in the last 600 miles of its ism, seeking its way slowly through a multitude" of barbarous course, and is so remarkably level and motionless, that the tribes, and after having its progress long arrested by the tides are felt over all this space. Jebel Kumra, or great central chain of mountains, it has at The Reviewer thinks that the Shary'runs parallel to the last surmounted that barrier, and we now find it emerging Yeou along the base of the Jebel Kumra from a point nearly as aloost on the shores of the South Atlantic. The late and far west ; or else that one common stream parts into two, and imperfect conversion of these tribes may be regarded as the forms the two rivers, which as they fall ultimately into the last feelle surge of that mighty tide which rose in Arabia same lake, must encompass a great portion of central Africa twelve hundred years ago, and overwhelmed so many power in their Delta. The one of these branches he thinks may be ful empires in its course.. ....to ..

the Joliba, the other the Quolla, both of which have been The number of the Quarterly Review just published, affords called the Niger. That the Shary comes from the west is some additional intelligence from the expedition to Bornou. very probable. In all other respects either hypothesis seems The letters from Major. Denham and Lieutenant Clapperton, to us uatenable. It is curious that the travellers met with a come down to June 1824. The latter visited Old Birnie, the son of Hopaemans by an African woman, and they received a former capital, destroyed. by an enemy some years ago, the pretty distinct account from a native, of the circumstance of rains of wbich attest the greatness of its wealth and population. Mungro Park's death. --The Scotsman. " It is 8. or 9 miles in circumference, surrounded with walls of brick and clay, 30 feet high, and 10 or 12 thick. He after- City, 11 O'Clock. --Consols are firm at 937.' In the Foreigo Market wards continued his excursion to the westward along the Spanish Bonde are 234; Austrian, 981 ; Danisli, 701; Colombian, 90: Yeou or Niger, beyond the boundaries of Bornou. Then Chilian, 894; Mexican, 79 80; and Grerk, 513... :: entering the territories of the Sultan of Kano (Gana in Arrowsmith's map) he was kindly received and promised a safe

POSTSCRIPT. protection to Şakatoo, 15 days journey beyond Kano, and

MONDAY, MARCH 28. *au bom spam which must be near the Lake or Sea.of Soudan. Here some | Tire French papers of Thursday and Friday arrived rester. Bornou traders reported they had seen him; and at this place

day. On Sunday se'nnight a deputation of Protesicant Peers he would be within little more than 200 piles of Timbuctoo,

and Deputies had an audience of the King, to putition his to wbich be vas proceeding. If he reach this famed town,

Majesty for the re-establishment of the Council of Protestants, his accounts of the Niger will connect with those of Mungo I connected with the Ministry of the loterior. This Board has

been suppressed by the present Minister of the Interior, M. de want little of being fully explored. ;..

Corbiere. The cure of Lainentin, in Martinique, M. CaitLittle farther progress had been made in exploring the Tsad laud, has been received hospitably in, St. Domingo, and or great Lake of Bornou. Major Denham had again visited promised promotion by President Boyer. Though he enjoyed · its southern shores, and had ascended the river Shary as far as a rich living in the French colony above-mentioned, he could Kurmuck in the 11th degree of south latitude. The lake is uot endure to live in it under the affliction which he expon of great breadth, as well aş. length, and contains numerous rienced at the sight of the cruelty, and oppression to which islands inhabited by pirates, who are able, it is said, to muster the people of colour were subjected. He therefore proceeded', a thousand boats, carryiog from 15 to 20 men each...When to France to lay the atrocities of the local Government the last letter was written, in June 1824, Major Denham was before the Administration at home. Receiving no promise of about to begin a journey quite round the lake, proceeding by là change, and entertaining no hopes, of improvemont, he the south end, and returning by the north. When the result repaired to Hayti, where he has been received with the disa of this enterprise is published, we shall know whether the Tsad tinction which was merited by his virtues and his services in has or has not an efflax stream ;-but-the existence of such a the cause of humanits, stream will by no means prove a communication with the The trial of Louis Fort, the Secretary of the Duke of BonsNile. The Tsad must be nearly 1000 miles from the Nile in bón, who attempted,' in December last, to assassinate the the 10th parallel ; and in that interval there inay be another steward and the valet de chambre of the Duke, has commenced lake or a succession of lakes, of sufficient magnitude to dispose at the Court of Assizes at Paris of the waters by. evaporation, if the Tsad, 200 or 300 miles FRENCH FUNDS.--PARIS, March 25.-Five per Cente. long, be not itself large enough for the purpose. The Reviewer | opened at 103.; closed at 103. 10.; Bank Stock 2030. enters into this question, and though we are under his ban as Rente de Naples (Certif. Falconet), 90. 90.; Rente d'Espačne. jacobins and what not, and of course are not to be pamed, we 19; Royal Spanish Loan, 1823, 59!. Exchagva in London have a sly suspicion that his reasoning is meant as an answer one month, 25.; three months, 24. 85.---Cours Authentique. to the arguments we used in our papers of 14th January, and 18th February 1824. We still think these arguments con- ! . We learn that the Government of Buenos Ayres has set clusive against the supposed communication of the Tsad with fapart 30,000 dollars per annum, to bear the expense of senda the Nile, for which the Reviewer contends--though we admiting a number of young men, natives of the republic. to. Brin that if the Tsad be bona fide a fresh water lake, the fact may taia or Germany, to be instructed in the natural seiences, in almost be received as a proof that it has an efflux stream. The medicine, agriculture, political economy, &c, Some of the Reviewer refers to the Amazons, which he says falls 7 inches | young mon, we are informed, have already arrived in Edine per mile, and by a fradulent calculation he finds, that if the burgh. The Peruviaos, more than two years ago, adopted lake Tsad is 1200 feet above the sea, this will afford a fall of a similar proposal ; but the distracted state of the country has. 7 inches per mile to its waters in their circuitous course to hitherto prevented it from being carried into execution. It is .. the Mediterranean. Here 'we are at issue with him, · We pleasing to obiserve, that the freemen of these regenerated maintaid, first that if the barometer stood at 29 deg, as the portions of the New World place education among the most

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men are

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urgent of their wants, and consider knowledge as the most folk, and there are very few vessels in from the Nortki with On Prime precious of their imports. However much the Governments are samples of Wheat readily obtain last week's prices, být inferior para

cels coniinue heavy, Barley is scarcely so high as this day week. Beaus of Spanish America may diner 10 ouer respects, they have sulto sell hearily, and Pous remain steady. Flour is withoát variation, and all been the zealous patrons of mental improvement; and Lingded and Rapeseed are rather dult. A lso, bilo r the whole of these vast regions, from California to Cape Hora,

G CURRBNT PRICES OP Graik. L ing' are, at this moment, a scene of the most animating and salu

Wheai, red (new) ...... 545, 72s. | Pease, White........., 42s. 138.4
Ditto old ........:

..: 465 505. tary innovations; - Academies and colleges have been planted | w

Wheat; whité (niewys.i. 585. 988./ where literature and science were recently proscribed. Drowsy | Disto old ...........

.. +$. - .

Grey ...........** monks have been replaced by industrious schoolinasters, and Barley .............. 31s. 478. Oats, Feed...... .. 208. 245. affectionate mothers substituted for dissolute nuns ; men are

35s. 40s. Poland .........'

... 433 458. I Beabs, sinalt .......... 138

Potatoe non permitted to think and reason, where thinking and rea

........... 2

Tick diito ......... 348. 378. Flour, per Sack........ 524. 65s. soning were formerly crimes. What a contrast is this to the Aggregate Average Prices of the Twelve Maritime Districts of Engi state of France, where Ultras and Jesuits are straining every land and Wales, by which Exportation and Bounty are to be regulated nerve to convert the people into a herd of slaves and bigots, in Great Britain. where they are reprinting wretched legends and lives of saints

Wheat per Quarter, 68s. 1d.-Barley, 408, 22.-Oats, 24s. 1d.-Rye,

396.7dBeans, 37s. 71.- Pease, 40s. 4d. on superfine paper, with Didot's best type, as manuals for the Duke of Bourdeaux! and making the royal babe the patron

SMITHFIELD, MARCH 28.

Meat generally this day looks down on account of the little demand of their new convents and other ascetic fraternities--where

and consequent small supply laid in by the Butchers for this weck. The Corbiere is shutting up Lancastrian schools, social clubs, and best Oxen have gone off slowly at 45. 8d. and 5s. per stonë. Mutton is reading rooms where every thing is doing, in short, to re-quoted about 6d. per stone lower than on last market day. Veal also impose that load of ignorance and superstition on the necks

looks down. Pork however is firm.

To sink the Ralper Stone of Sibs. of mankind, which the new world is throwing off with its

Beef ........ 45. 4d. to 5$. Od. | Venl....... 5s. 8a to Rs. 8d. whole energies.-Scotsman.

Mutton ... ... bs. Od. to 58. 08. Pork........ 58. 40. to 6s. On Saturday night, about half-past nine, the firmament

UBAD OF CATTLB THIS DAY. presented a striking and interesting appearance. To the

Beasts ..

.... 3,012 ( Pigs ...............4 Sheep .............

.. 16,820 | Calves ..., northward, and along the line of the coast of Fife, a pitchy darkness prevailed; while south, east, and west, the horizon

PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW. was remarkably clear---the stars appearing of unusual mag

Hay ..........£3 5 to £ 5 0 Straw........ .... £2 0 10 £28

Clover £4' 5 to £5 10 nitude, and shining with uncommon brilliancy. In a mo-1 : 1 ment, the southern edge of the black cloud became illumi

The Average Prieo of Brown or Muscovado Sugar, compated from the

Retorns made in the Week ending March 23, 1825, is 41s. 5d. per nated, by rays of light which shot up from behind it, from

Hundred Weight, exclusive of the Duties of Castoms paid or payable east to west. In about forty seconds, ä сommotion was ob thereon on the Importation thereof into Great Britain. served on the verge of the dark mark, which appeared as if broken by a sudden and violent tempest; and at the same

Jast publisbed, ia post 8vo. price gs. boards, time vivid corruseations, shot up in rapid and dazzling suc PICTURES: the BETROTHING. Novels, translated from **

the German of Lawis Tiect, cession, far to the southward, in a wide range from east to

Printed for Geo, B. Whittaker. A Maria-lane tako west. Such was the degree of light emitted at this time, that

MR. COLBURN begs to acquaint his Friends and the Public in it recalled to the mind of the beholder the appearance caused

general, that, having disposed of his interest in the LIBRARY 1o Conduite by the rays of the sun at mid-day, after a summer or autumn street, he has now entirely REMOVED to No. 8, NEW BURLINGTON

STREET, where he intends to connne himself to the Publication and Sale of thunder-storm. The period of duration of this interesting

Works of superior interest and importance. phenomenon might be about half an hour.- Edinburgh Ob

March, 1825. serter.

WINE warranted Genuine as Imported (Duties Reduced). Old Port, Madame Pasta and Signor Angrisani are expected to vintage 1820, full of fruit davor aud body, 973. por dozen. Superior

sherry, shipped by the first houses in Spain, 273. per dozen.-6f dozen of either reinforce the operatic force of the Director of the Italian of the above Wines packed in an excellent hogshead calculated for varions Opera soon after Easter.

purposes, including bottles, &c. for a remittance of 101 ; all other Spanish and

Portugal Wines in proportion.--Champagne, first quality, now landing in 'We have reason to believe, that notice of a bill for grant fafourite London Docks, shipped by that celebrated grower Aubriet 724. per

dezen; Claret, 498. per dozen ; a quantity of fresh emptied pipes and hogsheads ing a provision to the Catholic clergy of Ireland, and likewise

to be sold cheap. CHARLES WRIGHT, Wine merchant, next to the King's of one for abolishing the 40s. votes in that country, will be Theatre, Opera Colonade, Haymarket.-P.S. To be Lott nightly, a splendid

Stage Box at Drury-Lane Theatre for Eight persons, for f guineas, Open given in the House of Commons this day of to-morrow. - Bores and Pit Tickets, 8a. Od. Times, March 28..

TOR PRESERVING the TEETH & GUMS.-The VEGETABLE The rich Widow at the corner of Stratton-street has been fo

TOOTH POWDER has so long been in general use, that it is unnecessary removing her large services of massive plate, part of the to offer any further recommendation of it. Composed of Vegetables, witlaont enormous bequest of her wealthy husband, from the Banking

the admixture of any Mineral or pernicious ingredient whatever, it is free from

the usual objection against the use of other Dentrifices. Its detergive power * house to her private residence, preparatory to a series of fes

just sufficient to annihilate those destructive particles which adhere to tbe Gams

and the Interstices of the Teeth; healing injuries in the former, and promoting tive entertaioments, which are intended to rival even Royalty

a hew Enamel (where it has been injured or corroded) on the latter. It likewise

intparts a firmness and healthy redness to the Gums; and, if used regularly itself. ::: :

will preserve the Teeth in a sound state to old age. -Sold in boses, at . Id. It is not true that Miss Foote will be married this morning by Butler, Chemist, 4, Cheapside, St. Puul's; Sayory and Co. 136, New Bond

stteet; 220, Regent-street; and by the principal Medicine Venders throughout to Mr. Hayne. This Lady has been obliged to relinquish the United Kingdom. her engagement at the Glasgow Theatre in Passion-week, in Be careful to ask for Butler's Vegetable Tooth Powder; and to observer

the name and address of " Butler, 4. Cheapside,” are engraved on the stamg consequence of the extremely delicate state of her he:th. and label attached to each box of this esteemed Dentifrice, to distinguish it

from Imitations under similar titles. Should Miss Foote, however, be sufficiently recovered, she

.::! Vannid will perform on this day, to-morrow, and Wednesday, at RILIOUS and LIVER COMPLAINIS.--As a mild and effectual Liverpool, and from thence return to her duty at Covent-Garden remedy for all those disorders which originate in a vitiated action of the

Liver and biliary organs, namely, Indigestion, Loss of Appetite, Head-ach. Theatre ---Chronicle, March 28,

Heartburu, Platnlencies, Spasis, Costiveness, Affections of the Liver, &c. &c. There is at present exhibiting in Canterbury, a lamb, with DIXON'S ANTIBILIOUS PILLS have met with more general approval than

any other · Medicine whatsoever. They unite every recommendation of mild a face resembling that of a human being.

operation with successful effect; and require no restraint or confinement what Leier during their use. In tropical climates, where the consequences of redune

I dánt and vitiated bile are so prevalent and alarming. they are an invaluable THE LONDON MARKETS.

Tasd etficient protection. They are likewise peculiarly calculated to correct '; CORN EXCHANGE, MARK-LANE, MARCH 28. disorders arising from excesses of the table, to restore the tone of the stomach, We had but inconsiderable arrivals of Grain last week, and the quan

add to remove most complaints occasioned by irregularity of the bowels.--Sold

| in boxes at 23.9d., s, lls. and 228. by Butler, Chemist, 4, Cheapride, St. Paul's "tity of Flout was also small. This morning, there is only a small fresh ord Com New supply of Wheat; Barley, Beans, and Peas, from Essex, Kent, and Suf.) Medicine Vendesha laronghout the United Kingdora. !

aboratficient protection are 80 provaleates, where the stor confinement" what

by the pru COPE

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The wbole of the country, froin the ruh Negree of Sough Latitudo, to Para sihat u

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uuder the Equator, and thence to the frontiers of Pera, is describeal in the pre

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THE POLITICAL EXAMINER ling to concede " Emancipation" op terms that would strengthen

their" vested rights" in thai rich ecclesiastical fund in Ireland, which Party is tbe madness of many for tho gain of a few...Porr.

they carve out in such tempting slices among their kinsmen and their

sycophants; but we hope the proposal will not be sanctioned by those * PROPOSED MEASURES WITH REFERENCE TO

friends of the Catholics who profess the principles of General Reform. IRELAND

Even the Whigs insist on more honest and decent conditions. In -MB. O'CONNELL addressed another letter to the Catholic Associa

the excellent article on Ireland in the Edinburgh Review just pubtion (before its dissolution) respecting the measures with which the

Jished, a plan is sketched for the re-modelling of the existing eccleEmancipation Bill is intended to be accompanied. We are sorry to

siastical funds, which is extremely liberal towards the Establishment, perceive in this letter some angry feeling towards Mr. Lawless of

| while it cannot be objected to by any sincere and reasonable ProBelfast. Whatever differences of opinion may exist between the

testant: Gentlemen, we are convinced they are both equally animated with

“In Scotland, tliere are 950 parish clergymen, whose incomes may be the sincerest affection for their country's canse. Mr. O'CONNELL is

taken on a high average of 2751. a-year each ; and as the Scottish clergy

are not inferior in point of attainments to any in Europe, as no complaints mistaken in saying, that Mr. LAWLESS imputes to him the wish to

have ever been made of the manner in which they perform their duty, obtain a “silk gown” as the motive of his alleged.compromise with

but, on the contrary, as their exemplary conduct is ihe theme of wellthe Ministers. We are sure that Mr. L. gives the distinguished Irish

merited and constant enlogy, we can see no reason why the Irish clergy Barrister full credit for the purest motives; and we trust that the should be better paid than they are. • 'The population of Scotland is latter would readily, upon reflection, make a similar acknowledgment | 2,135,200, of whom a third may be supposed to be dissenters, which, in regard to the Belfast Editor.

being deducted, leaves about 1500 parishioners of the established kirk to It is quite useless now to go into the topics of Mr. O'Connell's each clergyman. On the same scale the half million of Irish Lutherans letter: because the measures alluded to have actually come before

would require 331 clergymen, whose incomes, at 2751. a-year eachi, would Parliament; on Tuesday last, Mr. LITTLETON gave notice of a Bill to

amount to 91,025l. But supposing that double this number, or that 662 alter the law respecting the Irish 40s. freeholders, and Lord LEVESON

clergymen were necessary in Ireland, because of the Protestants being

thinly scaltered over the surface of the country, the whole charge for Gower, of a Resolution calling on the House to make some provi

the parochial established clergy would be 182,0501. a-year: to which, sion for the Catholic Clergy. The nature of the former measure has,

adding 80001. a year, as the income of the Archbishop, and 20,000, as the it seems, been greatly misconceived—and hence the opposition ex- aggregate income of the four bishops, the whole cost of the established cited against it on both sides of the channel. The real 40s. freeholders clergy, would be 210,0001. a-year, or not more than one third part of the are not to be disfranchised; they will continue to exercise the elective entire revenue that either is, or might be, derived from the church lands right just as the same class in England do. But the right of voting alone. So that, were suchi a reform as this carried into effect, it would be will be taken from the mock freeholders, the wretched cottier-tenants possible to provide fully for both the Established and Catholicclergy, and who hold a patch of ground with a hovel on it, on a life-lease, at a

for every other pious purpose, out of the church estates ouly; and governrack-rent, and who are first compelled by their landlords to swear

ment would have it in their power to abolish, at once and for ever, the

whole of the oppressive and odious burden of tithes." that their tenures are worth 408 a-year more than the rent, and then forced to the poll in droves, to exercise their “ franchise," by giving

We must add the next paragraph of the Reviewer, for the sake of suffrages which they dare not withhold! This is a system pregnant

the feeling description of the effect of the ecclesiastical tyranny on the with serious evils, without a single counterbalancing good; and inde.

Irish peasant, which is taken from Mr. WAKEFIELD's useful book :pendent of any reference to what might be substituted, or to the Ca

" We hold it perfectly visionary, to suppose that tranquillity can ever tholic Question, the sooner it is abolished the better. Whether Sir

l be established in Ireland, so long as the Catholic cottiers and peasants are F. BURDETT's Bill therefore be lost or carried, Mr. LITTLETON's ought

obliged to pay tithes for the support of a Protestant clergy. • Place your.

selves,' says Mr. Wakefield, in the place of a half-famished cottier, npanimously to pass. This part of the subject, we conceive, has no.

surrounded by a wretched family, clamorous for food, and judge what thing whatever to do with the great question of elective rights. By his feelings must be, when he sees the tenth part of the produce of his the abolition of an abuse which, under the guise of a privilege, only de potatoe-garden exposed at harvest-time to public cant ; or if (as is most grades, demoralizes, and impoverishes its possessors, weconcede nothing common) he has given a promissory note for the payment of a certain sum 10 the enemies of Parliamentary Reform--we admit no precedent or of money, to compensate for such tithe, when it becomes due, to hear the pretext for the limitation of the right of suffrage. We consider the ex heart-rending cries of his offspring clinging around him, and lamenting clusive exercise of that right by 40s. freeholders and borough-tenants,

for the milk of which they are deprived by the cow's being driven co the as unjust and corrupt: we would extend the franchise to the poorest

pound, to be sold to discharge the debi. Such accounis are not the

creations of fancy ; the facts do exist, and are but too common in Ireland. peasant that could read; but then we would accompany that exten

I have seen the cow, the favourite cow, driven away, accompanied by the sion by the adoption of the secret ballot; we would give the humble

sighs, and tears, and imprecations of a whole family, who were paddling voter a real choice-pot burden him with a pretended privilege which behind, through wet and dirt, to take their last affectionate farewell of the state of society converts into a degrading compulsion.

this their only friend and benefactor, at the pound-gate. I have heard, With regard to the payment of the Catholic Clergy, that is a more with emotions I can scarcely describe, deep curses repeated from village difficult matter. Such payments would of course afford some pecu-to village, as the cavalcade proceeded. But let us reverse the picture, niary relief to the wretched peasants, wbose religious feelings make and behold the effects which are produced by oppression, when the load their contributions to their priests necessary, even though they there

becomes so oppressive as to extinguish every sentiment in the breast but a by diminish the food of their half-starred families. But then a pro

desire of revenge. I have beheld at night houses in lames, and for a vision from the British Government would violate a great principle,

moment supposed myself in a country exposed to the ravages of war and

suffering from the incursions of an enemy. On the following morning, and certainly increase the injustice in theory, though it might diminish

the most alarming accounts of Thrashers and of Whiteboys have met the present suffering of one class. The evil is not, that the Catholics

my ears, of men who had assembled with weapons of destruction, for pay their own clergy, which on the contrary every body of believers live purpose of compelling people to swear not to submit to the payment ought to do, but that they are tyrannously compelled to pay the Clergy of thes. I have been informed of these oppressed people having, in the of the Protestants. Now the remedy suggested would not touch the ebullition of their rage, murdered both proctors and collectors, wreaking real grievance, but would create another-namely, that the people at their vengeance with every mark of the most savage barbarily.'” large should be taxed to pay the Clergy of the Irish Catholics:-asad The reasons which are urged by those who would have the Catholic thing this in a remediul proposition ! Such a measure would seem to clergy paid out of any fund rather than by the Catholic peasants, are sanction, by acquiescence, the monstrous injustice of the Church of nevertheless weighty. “ It is true (they say that there already exist Ireland and we do not know that even the relief it would afford the in Ireland funds more than enough for the payment of the ministers peasantry would be an unequivocal good, since it would tend to make of all religious sects; it is true, that the members of every sect ought them less discontented with a system so shocking and iniquitous, that to support their own clergy, and that the people of England will be they never onght to rest satisfied until it is removed. The Catholics wronged by being compelled to pay the Catholic priesthood ;--but are oppressed by the payment of the Protestant Church; and it is here we have only a choice of evils. The church of Ireland will not proposed to relieve them by saddling the British people with the pay- surrender a penny of its shameful riches; the Irish peasant is consement of the Catholic Clergy! Can a Reformer approve this violation quently groaning under the double burthen of tithes to the Protestant of coliticol devonow forebo cokoofood by no means m onivoolinomhant and annivih...inna tn 1... - L .-. --. TLOL

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