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cedents, or the torturing of good ones, to curtail these great ple; we cannot help being of opinion that reform is more rights and privileges, ought-instead of being praised and likely to be attained, when it is sought on the ground of followed to be impeached, removed from his office, and con- merely correcting the practice of the common law, and placing dignly punished. If this be not done the fault lies, not with sit in due subordination to those acknowledged and fundathe law, but the legislators for the time. Want of public mental rights and privileges which have been conferred on all virtue has been exhibited there, and may be again; but no by the constitutional law of the country. For the exposition dicta of Judges, no opinions delivered by them from the bench, of what libel law is in practice, and the full and clear view of no verdicts obtained through their influence from Juries can those interests which call for its alteration or restoration to a amount to good law, while such dicta, opinions, and verdicts, healthy state, the public are deeply indebted to the Westmine run counter to those great constitutional doctrines and rights ster Review; but it would be still more indebted to that lawwhich, by the law itself, are yet held entire, and which ought, yer who, taking his stand on the paramount force and imas from their nature and object they are intended, to controul portance of constitutional law, and the necessity of preserving and prevail over all others. Each has the clear and undis. | the bases of all our institutions, should endeavour to arrest puted right of petitioning Parliament in regard to every public and correct all that is erroneous and mischievous in our measure-in favour of, or against, every law which exists or common law practice.-Scotsman. which is contemplated--a range which includes every subject of human interest. Every one has right to inform himself,

POSTSCRIPT. and to address the King or the Parliament, on all or any of these important subjects. But the right which thus belongs

MONDAY, APRIL 25. to each, belongs to all. No one can speak to a neighbour or

French Papers of Thursday and Friday have been received. write to a stranger, who is not possessed of equal privileges.

The law of indemnity was adopted on Thursday in the Cham The rights conferred by the constitution by the public law of ber of Peers, by a majority of 159 to 63. This is a much the country are common to them all ; and being thus com- greater majority in favour of Ministers than had been antici: mon. they may think. speak. and communicate with each pated. The discussion on the law for the reduction of the other as to the best and most 'effectual means of exercising | rentes' was to commence in the same chamber on Monday their privileges. Speaking is one mode of communicating. I (this day). The following are extracts : writing another; and printing is only a name for a method

Paris, April 22.

Young Lucien Murat, who was arrested some time ago by which society can extend the benefits of speech. But communication and consultation imply reasoning and dis

in the Spanish territory by General O'Donnel, and confined cussion ; and free discussion, the liberty of the press, and

at Algesiras, has just been set at liberty. He owes his liberty similar phrases, are merely terms for describing what is done

to the intervention of the United States, whose Minister bas in the exercise of natural and constitutional rights. James

engaged that he will not again appear in Spain, or the kinghas right to canvas any public measure, and to petition the

dom of the Two Sicilies, and that he would immediately prolegislature respecting it. So, also has his neighbour John ;

ceed to Philadelphia.” and each may constitutionally assign reasons to the other

[From the Journal des Debats.)

Madrid, April II. why the two should concur in presenting the same views and

(Private Correspondence.) statements to Parliament. But in these communications of “ Notwithstanding the imperative and reiterated orders the two neighbours, the same right is exercised', as when a which he has received to set out for Turin, and though he has third party addresses his fellow-subjects through the press. received the sums allowed him for his travelling expenses, The public is composed of individuals possessing equal pri- M. Ugarte is still at Madrid, and persons who pretend to be vileges. Each may exercise them; and each may ask all to well informed say, he will not leave it; that he has only lost join him in doing so ; the rights—and the object in view in in appearance the King's good graces, who has removed him exercising them the hope or desire to influence the legis- merely in compliance with the instances of some members of lature--being the same. If this view of the matter be correct - the diplomatic body; and lastly, that he regularly corresponds and let lawyers say what they will, we can see no fallacy in with the King. it discussion and the liberty of the press are established by law. “ However, the evil is in something else than M. Ugarte, They are implied, or rather, they are necessarily involved and and neither his disgrace, even if real, nor the dismissal of embraced, in those fundamental laws of the State, which the members, would do more than effect a change of person's were renewed and guaranteed at the Revolution. The right and names, for the spirit of intolerance, far from growing of petitioning, and of seeking redress of grievances, is more weaker, will soon be confirmed by the presence of Father than statute law. It is one of the bases of our political con- Cicel, General of the Cordeliers, who has just been recalled stitution. It is written, specific, and paramount; and, as from exile. every one knows that ordinary statute law controuls the com-' “ The embarrassment of the finances had induced his mon, and cannot be affected by its rules, it is worse than Majesty to form a junta, composed of a general officer, a absurd to contend that common law-the gratuitous doctrines member of the judicial order, and a chief officer of each of of institutional writers, or the bench-opinions or directions of the principal branches of the administration, to present a new judges-should have virtue to modify or abridge the privi- plan for the pay of the civil officers and of state pensioners, leges defined in the claim of Rights, ratified by Parliament, which shall be more in harmony with the real revenues of the sworn to by the Crown, and which form the very essence of Treasury. the compact on which the political and social edifice of the “ The Ministers have held, within these few days, two country rests. We are quite aware of the inroads which extraordinary councils, which is ascribed to a note from the practice has made upon those constitutional rights; and that French Charge d'Affairs, relative to explanations which Prince those have been made, and defended, under the pretext of Metternich had at Paris with M. de Villele, concerning enforcing and adhering to the rules and doctrines of the com Spain. The Grandees of Spain, belonging to the late conmon law. Legal authority is arrayed against reason-one stitutivnal municipality of Madrid, have not been able to get branch of the law against another, and that which is strong. the penalty of exile commuted. The Marquis of Ceralba is est in theory is unfortunately weakest in practice. But therefore sent to Salamanca; Count Nobligas to Valladolid; although judges have been extolled who ought to have been and the Duke of Abrantes to Valencia. The Court set out on impeached ; and although the law, through the infirmity of the 8th for Aranjuez, where it arrived at six in the evening. individuals, is inefficient where it should be arrayed in all The King and Prince Maximilian set out on the following the powers derivable from the united energies of a free peo- | day for Toledo.

“ Numerous arrests continue to take place in Cádiz without preposterous. The Leghorn merchant hears that in some of any opposition from the French General. Most of those the most crowded and dirty parts of the town two or three arrested are fugitives from other parts of the Peninsula. individuals have died of a malignant fever. He never doubts

« M. Caucelade, Editor of the Commercial Journal of Cadiz, that the evil has come lurking in a bale of cotton from has published, in the number of the 5th instant, that he is Smyrna-though no reason exists why nastiness and bad air confined in consequence of an unjust complaint made against should not generate disease on the shores of Italy as well as him by General Campana, on account of an article relative those of Asia Minor. The true remedy would be to turn the to the conduct of that General, on the terrible and unfortunate Monks into scavengers, to cleanse the streets, and let in light day of the 10th March, 1820.

and air to the crowded alleys. But instead of this, every “The provailing party is in danger of losing one of its package from the Levàot becomes suspected, and the quaranpriocipal supports in the person of P. Martinez, formerly tine laws are enforced against the ship-masters with double Editor of the Restaurador, and now Bishop of Malaga." rigour. Holland' is the only civilized country which has

FRENCH FUNDS.—Paris, April 22.-Five per Cents. scarcely had anything in the shape of quarantine laws, and opened at 101. 90.; highest, 102.; closed at 101. 90.; Bank yet it has not imported the plague more frequently than its Stock, 2,100.; Neapolican Rentes, 89. 75.; Spanish ditto, neighbours. But the Dutchman trusts to something better 181.; ditto Loan, 57. Exchange on London, one month, than fumigations. His police as to cleanliness is admirable. 24. 95.; three months, 24. 80.—Cours Authentique.

His streets are washed more carefully than the houses in

some other countries.-Scotsman. ContaGION.—A bill is now in progress for relaxing the quarantine laws, which, in their present state, operate most TRENCK'MOUSE.-Baron Trenck, in his Memoirs, mentions, that vexatiously on commerce. If the opinions recently maintained

whilst shut up in a dungeon by his savage persecutor, “ Frederick the

Great," he had so tamed a mouse, that it would play round him, and eat by many enlightened individuals respecting contagion be esta

from his mouth. He adds,“ in this small animal, Í discovered proofs of blished, these laws form one of the most singular monuments intelligence, too great to easily gain belief: were I to write them, priests of credulity and delusion to be found in the history of man would rail; monks grumble, and such philosophers as suppose man alone kind. The quarautine laws are founded on the hypothesis,

endowed with the power of thought, allowing nothing but what they

call “ instinct” 10 animals, would proclain me a fabulous writer. This that certain species of fevers are contagious, and that the intelligent mouse had nearly been my ruin. I had diverled myself with infection may not only be communicated by direct intercourse it during the night; it bad been nibbling at my door, and capering on with the persons diseased, but may be conveyed to distant a trencher. The sentinels happened to hear our amusement, and called

the officers : they heard also, and said all was not right in my dungeon. countries in bales of woollen, cotton, silk, &c. Of course,

At day-break my doors resounded; the town-major, a smith, and mason goods coming from parts where such fevers prevail, are not entered ; strict search was made ; flooring, walls, chairs, and my own allowed to be touched but with the most jealous precautions. | person, were all scrutinized, but in vain. They asked what was the noise Now, it has recently been maintained, and apparently on the they had heard. I mentioned the mouse, whistled, and it came and

I jumped upon my shoulder. Orders were given that I should be demost conclusive grounds, that this hypothesis is entirely unprived of its society! I earnestly entreated they would at least spare its founded; that the diseases alluded to, denominated plague life. The officer on guard gave me his word of honour that he would and yellow fever, are generated by a peculiar state of the present it to a lady, who would treat it with the utmost tenderness. He atmosphere at the spot where they appear, that they are not

took it away, and turned it loose in the guard-room; but it was tame to

me alone, and sought a hiding-place. li had Aed to my prison-door, and communicated even by the most familiar personal intercourse at the hour of visitation, ran into my dungeon, immediately testifying its -still less through the medium of bales of goods—and that joy by its antic leaping between my legs. It is worthy remark, that it an English merchant, instead of being afraid to touch a shawl had been taken away blindfold-that is to say, wrapped in a handker

chief. The guard-room was a hundred paces from my dungeot that bad come from Smyrna, without fumigations and airings,

How mngs, then did it fiod its master? Did it know or did it wait for the hour of . and an infinity of other precautions, might shake hands with visitation ? Had it remarked that the doors were daily opened :-All the plague-stricken weaver who made it, without the smallest were desirous of obtaining this mouse, but the major carried it off for his risk. In short, it is now more than suspected, that the

lady. She put it into a cage, where it pined, refused all sustenance, and

in a few days was found dead !" quarantine laws which subject our traders to heavy fees,

A countryman seeing Daffy's Elixir posted up, said he never saw and to delays, and obstructions still more grievous, are useless, “ he likes her,” spelt so before. His companion said he never saw it cumbrous, and expensive provisions against a danger which spelt any otherwise. " Then you are not book learnt," rejoined the first. bas no existence! It is an unwholesome state of the air, 1“ Why, you fool,” replied his companion, “it means Daffy's wife."

“ Daffy's wife! why, slie ha' been dead this hundred years." The produced by putrid miasmata, aided by great heat, and want

village schoolmaster passed by while this dispute was growing hot, and of domestic cleanliness, that creates the distemper, which was appealed to; he said they were both right, but there was another is epidemic, but not contagions. Persons exposed to this mode of reading it, which was, " he licks her;" and that Daffy meant to uowholesome atmosphere, and who live in dirt and misery, express at once by the name, both his love for her, and his occasional

I practice of chastising her. are ia constant danger, while others, who live a single furlong

1on CAXOVA's First Love.--In the story of bis earliest love, if a juvenile from the local seat of the disease, escape entirely, though and vague aspiration may be so termed, there was something of romantic ther hold daily intercourse with these who are infected. The aad melancboly interest which seems long to have shaded with percepti. Turks in spite of all their ablutions, are the most filthy of ble colouring his future musings. While pursuing his studies in the

Farsetti Palace, ori first arriving in Venice, he one day beheld a female, mankind' in their streets and thouses. The Greeks, Italians,

somewhat older than himself and very beantiful, enter the gallery, accom. a od Spaniards are but a shade better. Hence tever prevails panied by a friend or'attendant, who daily departing soon after, returned continually in some part of the shores of the Mediterranean, agaia before the hour of closing, leaving the former to pursue her studies, and the rexatious obstructions of quarantine which are which cliedy consisted in drawing from antique leads. Chance first seldom relaxed, meet the trader at every port. Two days placed the youthful pair near each other; and some secret excellence,

hitherto un discovered; subsequently determined him constantly to seleor will carry the merchant from Leghorn to Marseilles, but after as inodels such subirats as bronght him nearest the fair artist. Tine thus be gets there, if the alarm of fever prerails, he must spend rolled away, and the youth fouod bio bosom penetrated with new, delici, ten, fifteen, or twenty days more before he is allowed to go ous, but undefinable sensations. He knew not why he wished to be near asbore himself or land his goods, besides 'paying heavy dues her, or aby be delighted to gaze on her mild and lovely countenance-30 nrivilege of being so detained ! Wel

I pale, so delicate, yei so full of feeling---nor could be tell why the furtive

e glavice was $ð often“ directed to ber sylph-like form and graceful wonder it never struck coinmentátors, that the 7 years which morernenis ; but be felt that with such a being he should be for ever Ulysses spentin sailing something less than a thousand miles, happy, although incapable of defining bis ideas of that happiness. One

day the object of this sitent adoration was absent-another and another must have been almost entirely consunied 'in performing

I passed; still she did not appear. Antonio was inconsolable; but he quarantine! The partizans of the new doctrines do not

shrunk frou inquiry, for be feared that every one already possessed the contend that the plague is an ideal evil, but that we harass secret of his thoughts. Many days elapsed in this uncertainty, during en alean har mangnras of prevention which are useless or which he was indefatigable in study, for she had once. while leaning op

the shoulder of her companion, praised his work as being assai bello

• In 8vo. price 8s. Donas, words never forgotten, though answered only by a silent obeisance, and be

REMARKS on the LEGALITY and EXPEDIENCY of hoped again to attract her notice. At length the attendant again appeared

"PROSECUTIONS for RELIGIOUS OPINION. To which is annered, an

Apology for the Vices of the Lower Orders. By JONATHAN DUN Salone and habited in deep mourning. The beart of the youth failed at * Liberty, absolute liberty, full and perfect' liberty-is the thing that we the sigbt; but summoning courage as she passed in departing with a port. | desire.” -- Locke. folio, he ventured to inquire for her friend. La Signora Julia, replied

Printed for John and H. L. Hunt, Tavistock-street, Covent-garden. she, bursting into tears, is dead! No more was asked, and pothing inore

Nearly ready, in two vols. post 8ro. was said. Who Julia was, Canova never knew; but her name, her

FOREIGN SCENES and TRAVELLING RECREATIONS? image, long remained engraven on bis memory.--Memes' Life of Canova. By JOHN ROWISON, Esq. of the Hon. East India Company's Service,

and Author of “ Sketches in Upper Canada.”

Contents:-Life at Sea--Boarding-house Recollections-The City of HavintCity, 12 O'CLOCK.--This day is a close holiday in the Money Market, A Journey in the Deckar--Two Days at the Cape of Good Hope- A Voyage and though many of the Brokers have assembled on 'Change, nothing is from Havana to New Providence-Life in India-Poreigo Adventure--The

Cantonment of Seroor- The Delinquent. doing of any consequence.

Printed for Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh; and Geo. 1. Whittaker, Londoo.

Just published, in 2 vols. Svo, with a Portrait of the Author and other Plates, THE LONDON MARKETS.

price 249. in boards, dedicated, by permission, to his Majesty, Copy EXCHANGE MAXLE, APRIL, 25. TRAVELS through RUSSIA, SIBERIA, POLAND. AUSTRIA.

SAXONY, PRUSSIA, HANOVER, &c. undertaken during the Years 1892, The supply last week consisted in English Grain, but there was a large 1823, and 1824, while suffering from to al Blindness, and comprising an Account Arrival of Irish Oats. This morning, however, we had a very indifferent of the Author being conducted a State Prisoner from the Eastern Parts of Siberia. supply of Corn, and prime Wheat continues dearer than on this day week.

By JAMES HOLMAN, R.N.K.W.

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| Just published, by Sainsbury and Co. Salisbury-square, price 7s. 61. boards land and Wales, by which Exportation and Bonnty are to be regulated

madu | MEMOIRS OF MOSES MENDLESOHN, the Jewish Philosophe; in Great Britain.

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The NEW BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY of MUSICIANS, 2 vols. n. boards. This work contains 5,000 Memoirs and Notices, a large number of which

are original; and includes the most eminent living Musicians. It is consideron SMITHFIELD, APRIL 25.

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the commencement of the Nineteenth centuries, N ANTI-SCORBUTIC DROPS. These dreadful disorders in their most 5. GAIETIES and GRAVITIES, a Series of Essays, Comic Tales and Fugitive inveterate stages, whether occasioned by acrimonious matter retained in the

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128

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No.900. MONDAY, MAY 2, 1825."

THE POLITICAL EXAMINER.

repining, discontented humour which flings them from cross-grained

realities into the region of lofty and eager imaginations.* -A French Party is the madness of many for the gain of a few.-Pope.

gentleman, a man of sense and wit, expressed his wonder that all the

English did not go and live in the South of France, where they would ENGLISII AND FOREIGN MANNERS.

have a beautilul country, a fine climate, and every comfort almost for (WRITTEN IN ITALY).

nothing. He did not perceive that they would go back in shoals from THERE are two things that an Englishman understands, hard words

this scene of fancied contentinent to their fogs and sea-coal fires, and and hard blows. Nothing short of this (generally speaking) excites

that no Englishman can live without something to complain of. Some his attention or interests him in the least. His neighbours have the

persons are sorry to see our countrymen abroad, cheated, laughed at, henefit of the one in war time, and his own countrymen of the other

quarrelling at all the inns they stop at:-while they are in hot water, in tide of peace. The French express themselves astonished at the

while they think themselves ill-used and have but the spirit to resent feats which our Jack-tars have so often performed. A fellow in that

it, they are happy. As long as they can swear, they are excused from class of life in England will strike his hand through a deal board, -

being complimentary: if they have to fight, they need not think first, to show his strength, which he is proud of; secondly, to give

while they are provoked beyond measure, they are released froin the him a sensation, which he is in want of; lastly, to prove his powers of

dreadful obligation of being pleased. Leare them to themselves, and endarance, which he also makes a boast of. So qualified, a contro

they are dull : introduce them into company, and they are worse. It versy with a cannon-ball is not much out of his way: a thirty-two

is the incapacity of enjoyment that makes them sullen and ridiculous; pounder is rather an ugly customer, but it presents him with a tangible

the mortification they feel at not having their own way in everything, idea (a thing he is always in search of)-and, should it take off his

and at seeing others delighted without asking their leave, that makes bead or carry away one of his linbs, he does not feel the want of the

them haughty and distant. An Englishman is silent abroad from one of care for that of the other. Naturally obtuse, his feelings

having nothing to say; and he looks stupid, because he is so. It is become hardened by custom; or if there are any qualms of repug

kind words and graceful acts that afflict his soul-an appearance of Dance or dismay left, a volley of oaths, a few coarse jests, and a

happiness, which he suspects to be insincere because he cannot enter double allowance of grog, soon turn the affair into a pastime. Stung

into it, and a fow of animal spirits which dejects him the more from with wounds, stunned with bruises, bleeding and mangled, an English

making him feel the want of it in himself; pictures that he does not sailor never finds bimself so much alive as when he is flung half dead

understand, music that he does not feel, lose that he cannot make, joto the cock-pit; for he then perceives the extreme consciousness

suns that shine out of England, and smiles more radiant than they. of his existence in his conflict with external matter, in the violence of

Do not stile him with roses; do not kill him with kindness : leave his will, and his obstinate contempt for suffering. He feels his per

him some pretext to grumble, to fret, and torment himself. Point sopal identity on the side of the disagreeable and repulsive ; and it is

at him as he drives an English mail-coach about the streets of Paris or better to feel it so than to be a stock or a stone, which is his ordinary

of Rome, to relieve his despair of eclat by affording him a pretence to state. Pain puts life into him; action, soul: otherwise, he is a mere

horsewhip some one. Be disagreeable, surly, lying, knavish, imperlog, The English are not like a nation of women. They are not

tinent out of compassion; insuli, rob him, and he will thank you; take thin-skinned, nervous, or effeminate, but dull and morbid: ibey look

any thing from him (nay even his life) sooner than his opinion of himdanger and difficulty in the face, and shake hands with death as with

self and his prejudices against others, his moody dissatisfaction and a brother. They do not hold up their heads, but they will turn their

his contempt for every one who is not in as ill a humour as he is. :o backs on no man: they delight in doing and in bearing more than

John Bull is certainly a singular animal. It is the being the beast others: what every one else shrinks from through aversion to labour

he is, that has made a man of him. If he does not take care what he, or pain, they are attracted to, and go through with, and so far (and so

is about, the same ungoverned humour will be his ruin. 'He must far only) they are a great people. At least, it cannot be denied that

I have something to buit at; and it matiers little to him whether it be they are a pugnacious set. Their heads are so full of this, that if a

friend or foe, provided only he can run-(-inuck. · He must have a French nan speaks of SCREIB, the celebrated farce-writer, a young

grievance to solace him, a bug-bear of some sort or other to keep himEnglishman present will suppose he means Criss the boxer; and ten

self in breath: otherwise, he droops and hangs the head-she is no thousand people assembled at a prize-fight will witness an exhibition

longer John Bull, but John Ox, according to a happy allusion of the of pugilişm with the same breathless attention and delight as the

Poet-laureate's. This necessity of John's to be repulsive (right or audience at the Theatre Français lisien to the dialogue of Racing or

wrong) has been lately turned against himself, to the detriment of MOLIERE. Assuredly, we do not pay the same attention to STAKES

others, and bis proper cast. Formerly, the Pope, the Devil, the InPEAR: but at a boxing-match every Englishman feels his power to

quisition, and the Bourbons, served ihe turn, with all of whom he is give and take blows increased by sympathy, as at a French theatre

at present sworn friends, unless Mr. CANNING should throw out a every spectator fapcies that the actors on the stage talk, laugh, ariel

tub to a whole in South America : then BoxalARTE took the lead for make love as he would. A metaphysician might say, 'hat the English

in a while, in John's panic-struck brain; and latterly, the Whigs and perceive objects chiefly by their mere material qualities of solidity,

the Eraminer newspaper have borne the bell before all other topics of inertoess, and impenetrability, or by their own muscular resistance io

abuse and obloquy. Formerly, Liberiy was the word with John,--them; that they do not care about the colour, taste, smell, the sense

now it was become a bye-word. Whoever is not determined to make of luxury or pleasure :-they require the heavy, hard, and ancible

a slave and a drudge of him, he defies, he sets at, he tosses in the air, only, something for them to grapple with and resist, to try their

he tramplas under foot; and after having mangled and crushed whon strength and their unimpressibility upon. They do not like to snell

he plays, stands stupid and melancholy (fænum in cornu) over the to a rose, or to taste of made-dishes, or to listen to soft music, or to

lifeless remains of his victim. When his fury is over, he repents of look at fine pictures, or to make or hear fine speeches, or to enjoy

what he has done-100 Inte. In his tame fit, and having made a clear themselves or amuse others : but they will knock any man down who

stage of all who would or could direct him right, he is led gently by tells them so, and their sole delight is to be as aincomfortable and dis.

the nose by Mr. Croker, and the “ Stout Gentleman” gets upon his agreeable as possible. To them the greatest labour is to be pleased :

bark, makug a monster of him. Why is there a tablet stuck up in St. they hate to have nothing to find fault with: to expect them to smile

* We have five names anrivalled in morlern times and in their different or to converse on equal terms, is the heaviest tax you can levy on their

trays:--Veyrou, Locke, Bacon, Shakespear, and Milion-and ifto these want of animal spirits or intellectual resources. A drop of pleasure we were to add a sixth that could not be questioned in his line, perhaps is the most difficult thing to extract from their hard, dry, mechanical, it woull be Horarih. Our wit is the effect not of gaiety, but spleen hasky frame; a civil word or look is the last thing they can pari with. the last result of a pertinacious reductio ad gesurdum. Our greatest wits Hence the matter-of-factness of their understandings, iheir ienacious have been onreraient men, Fielding weems to bave produced his History ness of reason or prejudice, their slowness to dis: inguish, their backa fa 'oundling with the some deliberation and forei bought that Arkwright wardness to yield, their mechanical improvements, their industry. did his sonning-jenny. The French have no poetry ; that is, no comtheir courage, their blunt honesty, their dislike to the frivolous and

bination of internal feeling with external imagery. Their dramatic

dialogue is froilıy verbiare or a mucilage of sentiment without natural florid, their love of liberty out of hatred to oppression, and their love

bone or substance: Ours constantly clings to the concrete, and has a of virtue from their antipathy to vice. Hence also their philosophy, purchase upon matter. Outward ošjects interfere with and extinguish from their distrust of appearances and unwillingness to be imposed the tame of their imagination : with us they are the fuel that kindle it

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Peter's at Rome, to the memory of the three last of the STUARTS? Is it a corps of Government-critics to decry every liberal principle, and baisés-mains to the Pope, ora compromise with Legitimacy? Is the dread proscribe every liberal writer as an enemy to the person of the of usurpation become so strong, that a Reigning Family are half-Reigning Sovereign, only because he did not avow the principles ready to acknowledge themselves usurpers, in favour of those who are of the Stuarts. I had some difficulty in making him understand not likely to come back to assert their claim, and to countenance the the full lengths of the malice, the lying, the hypocrisy, the sleek principles that may keep them on a throne, in lieu of the paradoxes adulation, the meanness, equivocation, and skulking concealment of a that placed them there? It is a handsome way of paying for a king- Quarterly Reviewer," the reckless blackguardism of Mr. Blackwood, dom with an epitaph, and of satisfying the pretensions of the living and and the obtuse drivelling profligacy of the John Bull. He said, “ It the dead. But we did not expel the slavish and tyrannical STUARTS is worse with you than with us: here an author is obliged to sacrifice from our soil by the volcanic eruption of 1688, to send a whining twenty mornings and twenty pair of black silk-stockings, in paying Jesuitical recantation and writ of error after them to the other world a his court to the Editors of different Journals, to ensure a hearing from hundred years afterwards. But it may be said, that the inscription the public; but with you, it seems, he must give up his understanding is merely a tribute of respect to misfortune. What! from that and his character, to establish a claim to taste or learning." He asked

quarter? No! it is a “lily-livered” polished, courtly, pious monu- if the scandal could not be disproved, and retorted on the heads of the ment to the fears that have so long beset the hearts of Nonarchs, to aggressors: but I said that ihese were persons of no character, or the pale apparitions of Kings dethroned or beheaded in time past or studiously screened by their employers; and besides, the English to come (from that sad example) to the crimson Hush of victory, which imagination was a bird of heavy wing, that, if once diagged through has put out the light of truth, and to the reviving hope of that death the kennel of Billingsgate abuse, could not well raise itself out of it less night of ignorance and superstition, when tbey shall once more again. Ile could hardly believe, that under the Planover Dynasty reign as gods upon the earth, and make of their enemies their footstool! (a Dynasty founded to secure us against tyranny) a Theatrical Foreigners cannot comprehend this bear-garden work of ours at all: Licencer bad struck the word “ Tyrant” out of Mr. Shee's tragedy, they “ perceive a fury, but nothing wherefore.” They cannot recon- as offensive to ears polite, or as if from this time forward there could cile the violence of our wills with the dulness of our apprehensions, be supposed to be no such thing in rerum naturá; and that the comnor account for the fuss we make about nothing; our convulsions and mon ejaculation, “Good God!" was erased from the same piece, as tbroes without end or object, the paios we take to defeat ourselves and in a strain of too great levity in this age of cant. I told him, that others, and to undo all that we have ever done, sooner than any one public opinion in England was at present governed by half a dozen else should share the benefit of it. They think it is strange, that out miscreants, who undertook to bait, hoot, and worry every man out of of mere perversity and contradiction we would rather be slaves our his country, or into an obscure grave, with lies and nicknames, who selves, than suffer orbers to be free; that we back out of our most was not prepared to take the political sacrament of the day, and use this heroic acts and disavow our favourite maxims (the blood-stained de- best endeavours (he and his friends) to banish the last traces of freevices in our national coat of arms) the moment we find others disposed dom, truth, and honesty from the land. “ To be direct and ho est is to assent to or imitate us, and that we would willingly see the last not safe." To be a Reformer, the friend of a Reformer, or the hope of liberty and independence extinguished, sooner iban give the friend's friend of a Reformer, is as much as a man's peace, reputation, smallest credit 10 those who sacrifice everything to keep the spark or even life is werth. Answer, if it is not so, pale shade of Keats, or alive, or abstain from joining in every species of scuruility, insult, and living mummy of William Gifford ! Dr E--- was unwilling to calumny against them, if the word is once given by the whippers-in credit this statement, but the proofs were too flagrant. He asked me of power. The English imagination is not riante: it inclines to the what became of that band of patriots, that swarmed in our younger gloomy and morbid with a heavy instinctive bias, and when fear and days, that were so glowing-lnt, desperate, ard noisy, in the year interest are thrown into the scale, down it goes with a vengeance that 1794 ? I said I could not tell but reterred him to our present Poet is not to be resisted, and from the effects of which it is not easy to Laureate for an account of the recover. The enemies of English liberty are aware of this weakness

- Can these gobe, in the public mind, and make a notable use of it.

* And overcome unike sommer-cloud, “ But that two-handed engine at the door

“ Without our special wonder?" “ Stands ready to smite ouce and smite no more.

I suspect it is reculiar to the English not to answer the letters of Give a dog an ill name, and hang him--so says the proverb. The cour

| their friends abroad. They know you are anxious to hear, and have tiers say, “ Give a patriot an ill name, and ruin him," alike with Whig

a surly, sullen pleasure in disappointing you. To oblige is a thing and Tory-with the last, because he hates you as a friend to free

abhorrent to their imaginations; to be uneasy at not hearing from home dom; with the first, because he is afraid of being implicated in the

just when one wishes, is a weakness which they cannot encourage. same obloquy with you. This is the reason wby the Magdalen Muse

Anything like a responsibility attached to their writing is a kind of of Mr Tuomas Moore finds a taint in the Liberal; why Mr. Hob

restraint upon their free-will, an interference with their independence. POUSE visits Pisa, to dissuade Lord Byron from connecting himself

There is a sense of superiority in not letting you know what you wish with any but Gentlemen-born, for the credit of the popular cause.

to know, and in keeping you in a state of helpless suspense. Besides, Set about a false report or insinuation, and the effect is instantaneous

they think you are angry at their not writing, and would make them and universally feli- prove that there is nothing in it, and you are

if you could; and they show their resentment of your impatience and just where you were. Something wrong somewhere, in reality or

ingratitude by continuing not to write. You have this consolation, imagination, in public or in private, is necessary to the minds of the

however, under the delay of letters from friends, that they have no English people: bring a charge against any one, and they hug you

bad news to send you, or you would hear of it in an instant -One to their breasts : attempt to take it from them, and they resist it as

thing truly edifying in the accounts from England, is the number of they would an attack upon their persons or property: a nickname is

murders and robberies with which the newspapers abound. One to their moody, splenetic humours, a freehold estate, from which they

would suppose that the repetition of the details, week after week, and will not be ejected by fair means or foul: they conceive they have a

day after day, might stagger us a little as to our superlative idea of vested right in calumny. No matter how base the lie, how senseless

the goodness, honesty, and industry of the English people. No such the jest, it tells --because the public appetite greedily swallows what

thing: whereas one similar fact occurring once a year abroad fills us ever is nauseous and disgusting, and refuses, through weakness or ob- |

with astonishment, and makes us ready to dub the Italians (without stinacy, to disgorge it again. Therefore Mr. Croker plies his dirty

| any farther enquiry) a nation of assassins and banditti. It is not safe task--and is a Privy-counsellor; Mr. THEODORE look calls Mr.

to live or travel among them. Is it not strange, that we should persist · WAITIMAN“ Lord Waithman ” once a week, and passes for a wit!

in drawing such wilful conclusions from such groundless premises ?

A murder or a street-robbery in London is a maiter of course t: aa I had the good fortune to meet the other day at Paris with my old

cumulate a score of these under the most aggravated circumstances, fellow student Dr. E- , after a lapse of thirty years; he is older than me by a year or two, and makes it five-and-twenty. lle had the A Mr. Law lately came over from America to horse whip the writer not been idle since we parted. Ile sometimes looked in, after having of an article in the Quarterly, reflecting on his mother (Mrs. Law) as a paid La Place a visit; and I told him it was almost as if he had called woman of bad character, for the Tory reason that she was the wife of . on a star in his way. It is wonderful how friendship that has long | Mr. Law, who differed with his brother (Lord Ellenborough) in politics lain unused accumulates like money at compommud interest. We had He called on Mr. Barrow, who knew nothing of the writer; he called on to settle a long account, and to compare old tiines and new. He was

Mr. Gifford, who knew nothing of the writer; he called on Mr. Murray, naturally anxious to learn the state of our politics and literature, and !

d who looked oddiy, but he could get no redress except public disavowal was not a little mortified to hear that England, “whose boast it was

of the falsehood, and they took that opportunity to reiract some other to give out Reformation to the world," had changed her motto, and there are two Secretaries of the Admiralty.

American calumny. Mr. L. called on one Secretary of the Adiniralty, but was now bent on propping up the Continental Despotisms, and on + Chief Justice Hoit used to say, that “there were more robberia lashing herself to them! He was paieularly mortified at the de- committed in England than in Scotland, because we had better hearts. graded state of our

pre t the systematic organization of a I The English are at all times disposed to interpret this literally

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