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. : CATHOLIC QUESTION.
I would distinguish between religion and the abuses which . THE s.bcond reading of the Catholic Bill was carried by a have usurped its character; and an honest Catholic might majority of 27. We did expect a more decisive vote; but acknowledge that his own church had been improved by the the progress of the bill has been attended by circumstances of reformation ; but it suits Cobbett's purpose better to describe good augury, which amply indemnify the Catholics for the that great change which purged religion of so many corrupwant of a stronger majority. Among these we may place the tions, as a foul conspiracy hatched between avarice and amopen conversion of Mr. Brownlow, Lord Valletort, Marquis bition, and to hold up the reformers as a band of plunderers, Camden, and what is not less encouraging after the recent whose sole object was to rob monasteries of their lands, and heats—the temperate style in which the opposition was con rifle churches of their plate. We are unwilling to say one ducted. Mr. Peel, their only formidable opponent, spoke word at present to swell the tide of prejudice against the with a degree of moderation and good faith, which almost Catholics; but when they employ such foul-mouthed writers redeemed the narrow and bigoted principles to which he lentas Cobbett to assail their neighbours, they may reckon upon his support. Altogether, things never bore so favourable an disgusting many who would otherwise be their friends. appearance for the Catholics—and let us add, for the Protes-We are not disposed to dwell on the opposition given to the tants too, as at this inoment. Both parties are equally inter-distribution of the Bible. Much allowance is to be made for ested in the fate of the question, for till it is settled, the men smarting under many real grievances. The Catholics empire cannot enjoy security.
have too many reasons to suspect the intentions of persons Mr. Caoning accused some of the petitioners against the belonging to rival sects who come among them. At the same bill, of ignorance, and we believe justly. Our principles do time we must say, we consider that the most execrable of all not lead us, generally speaking, to question the competence tyrannies which puts shackles on the exercise of private judgof any portion of the people to decide on public matters ; butment, and prescribes a system of faith under terror of perdition, se observe that the most inveterate opposition to the bill pro- while it will not allow its foundations to be examined. He ceeds in this country from close corporations, and church who claims a right to regulate another man's belief, to controul courts, bodies which do not hold a very high rank either for him in the use of his reason, and to keep his conscience, is knowledge, liberality, or honesty. It is plain from the tradi- the most dangerous and the most insolent of all oppressors. tiogary and historical crimes mustered up both in speeches | It is by the assumption of such powers that the Bramins of and petitions, against the Catholics, that the antiquity of their India have erected the most degrading system of tyranny ever faith, of which they feel so proud, is one great obstacle to known in the annals of mankind. their success. Their enemies declare them unworthy of civil We never felt so much disposed as some of our cotemporarights, because they profess the same faith with men v hories to condemn the Association. We think it grew naturally sere guilty of many enormities, one, two, or four centuries out of the circumstances of the Catholics; and the result has ago. The old association, which had fast hold of our country shewn that it has greatly aided their cause. Not that any men a century back, and which identifies a papist with a wonders are to be worked by the twelve or fifteen thousand treacherous, blood-thirsty persecutor, is not yet dissolved in pounds collected. On the contrary, we believe the money mary minds. But what sect or party will escape condemna- might have been quite as useful at this moment in the pockets tion if this rule is universally applied? Is there one which of the contributors. But the zeal with which the scheme was has not had its name assumed by hypocrites and villains? | gone into by men of all classes, afforded a conspicuous proof Some part of the ancient guilt of the Catholics may be fairly of a fact little known previously in England--that one comcharged to the rudeness and ignorance of the times. Another mon sense of their wrongs pervaded the whole Catholia body. and still greater part may be attributed to that unholy alliance that they were united, ardent, and determined, and too forof religion with secular power, which has so often converted midable by their numbers and union to be kept longer with Christianity into the tool of every base worldly passion. We safety in a state of discontent and alienation. But for the sincerely believe that no small share of the crimes connected project of the rent, this important truth would not have been with the history of Popery, arose from the circumstance that known at all in England, and only very imperfectly by themit was “ part and parcel of the law of the land.” Priests selves. The Association lived long enough to teach their were converted into tyrants and persecutors by having the countrymen the secret of their strength. After this was done sword put into their hands; and profligate statesmen bor- they had really little more to do, and might have been safely rowed the name of religion to cover their wickedness. But left to the decay which would inevitably have overtaken will any honest observer venture to say, that there is a single them from the want of positive duties, and their inability to sect (the Quakers perhaps excepted) which, if placed in the produce any sensible effect on the mass of the national griesame circumstances, would have made a better use of its vances. . The very funds which were supposed to constitute power, or have had fewer crimes to answer for ?
their strength would have embarrassed, rather than served Two things have certainly done some injury to the cause of them. Ministers, therefore, did wrong in putting the Associathe Catholics—their fierce and bigoted opposition to the Bible tion down, but their conduct since has redeemed their error. Societies, and their alliance with Cobbett. It was silly to At this moment it would be easy to repress the discontents of expect any service from that veteran turncoat. His abilities the Catholics with a high hand. The rashness of some memcannot compensate for one-tenth of the odium which his name bers of the Association furnished a ready pretext for those brings on any party that voluntarily connects itself with him. strong measures which many of the partizans of ministers The blame attaches to the Catholics and not to him ; for we were eager to put in force. We have heard again and again, can account for Mr. Cobbett's becoming the champion of that England must not be builied. How easy would it have popery without any bribe, or any miraculous conversion. If been to listen to the counsels of pride and bigotry, and cover we wished to decry and undermine religion, we would select our acts with the names of wisdom and vigour. That Ministhat particular modification of it, which was most disfigured ters, under such circumstances, chose the course of concilia. by impostures and stained by crimes, and which revolted tion, is infinitely to their honour. The prudence and temper reason most by its dogmas; we would hold this up as genuine with which they have proceeded is really a rebuke to the vioand primitive Christianity, and all other forms as corruptions. lence of some of their supporters. It is evidently no bad stroke of policy in an infidel, to identify The more sagacious Protestants begin to discover, that to religion with the extravagant and mystical opinions of the relieve the Catholics from all disabilities, is the first step to ienth and twelfth centuries, and to fasten upon it all the frauds give the reformed religion a fair chance for a hearing among and crimes which popes and cardinals, and consecrated em. them. Religion, in fact, has never been found to thrive under perors, have perpetrated in dark ages. An honest unbeliever the protection of penal tatutes," At the meeting of the Auxiliary Hibernian Society here on Thursday,” says the Look at this picture, and then on that.' If, as Englishmen, Leeds Mercury, " the Hon. Baptiste Noel, who, with Captain we blush at the comparison in one respect, we feel glow of Gordon, traversed a large part of Ireland last year, endea- exultation in another, at the thought of the superior wisdom vouring to establish auxiliaries to the society in that country, and truer greatness of that country; which owes at any rate, and who met with the most determined opposition from its birth to ours. America is the child of England, and is lawyers, priests, and the populace, declared, that he found perhaps destined to perpetuate the menory of its parent, who the denial of civil privileges to the Catholics one of the should feel nothiog like envy or jealousy at the endowments greatest obstructions to the success of the society. It irritated of its illustrious offspring, and still less exhibit anything like them against the Protestants, and made them suspect every derision at the imperfections of her incipient constitution and thing coming from that quarter; insomuch, that one intelli- policy, whilst here we are submitting to such things as the Six gent individual residing in the country said to him-- You Acts, the Tithe System, a Standing Army, and an Enormous might as well hope to do good by sending tar-gatherers as Taxation; and our neighbours, the Irish, to Military Law.and by sending preachers, so long as this system continues.' Now, Religious Persecution. We even ought to beg of the AmeMr. Noel, gave no opinion about Catholic emancipation; ricans to forgive our baughty airs of superiority, to forget, while he especially declared that he should pronounce no opinion they contemplate with just pride their well-organized navy, on the subject; but these facts he could not conceal; they that Mr. Canning ever talked of their ' few fir frigates and stared him in the face wherever he went; and he feels bits of striped bunting :' he has more occasion than they to bound to declare to the society in England what he felt regret this piece of flippancy; it was one of those unlucky to be the greatest practical impediment to his benevolent jokes of his which so often fiy back into his face, till he has exertions. Mr. Noel, we repeat, is a most unexceptionable been ready, we dare say, a hundred times, almost to bite off witness ; for the treatinent he received in Ireland would tend his tongue for having uttered it. It is high time for that to impress him, not in favour of the Catholics, but against right honourable gentleman to lay aside his ancient situation them; if his superior intellect had not penetrated to the causes of Jester, and think more of cultivating the statesman-like of things, and found that it was the English system, and not qualities wbich he certainly possesses in no ordinary degree. the Irish character, that was to blame."--Scotsinan.
The alarm which has existed for several days in the moPOSTSCRIPT.
ney-market received a material increase on Saturday, in
consequence of the very large sales made in every descripMONDAY, MAY 2.
tion of investment. Independently of the fear expressed The Paris papers of Thursday and Friday, together with the respecting the tranquillity of Ireland, caused by the doubt Etoile dated Saturday, have reached town. They are chiefly on the subject of the bill for the emancipation of the Cafilled wich the debates of the two Chambers. The discussions tholics, another cause of apprehension has presented itself, on the expenditure of the Spanish war are conducted with in the notion that the Bank is within the danger of another great animation, and with much party hostility, in the Cham- suspension of cash payments, owing to the exportation of ber of Deputies. Jo that of the Peers, the law of the rentes gold, and tlie state of the foreign exchanges. It is said, that was adopted on Thursday, by a majority of 134 to 92. On this alarm has even made an impression on the Bank Direcone of the amendments proposed to the project, the numbers tors themselves, who are reported to have made representawere so near as 123 to 103. M. de Villele has thus suc- tions to Ministers of the dangerous situation in which the ceeded in carrying his two great measures, after a protracted Bank was placed, unless means could be found to prevent struggle, and amid great popular odium. The indemnity pro- the exportation of gold by restoring the equilibrium of trade. ject, which had passed both Chambers, appears in the Moni- This fear on the part of the Directors is more creditable to teur of Thursday with the Royal sanction. The Journal des their prudence than their sagacity; and, as far as our obserDebats announces the termination of the discussion on the lawvation goes of the operations of trade, we are inclined to the of the rentes in the following ominous manner :-" The law opinion that it is almost wholly unfounded. We can state, relative to the rentes passed in the Chamber of Peers this at least, on the authority of some of the leading merchants, evening, after a memorable debate. This law was opposed that the exchanges have shown symptoms of improvement for by Messrs. Roy, Mollien, Chateaubriand, Kergolay, de Bro- the last two or three posts, and that large orders from the glie, and Pasquier, whose talents and capacity for business north of Europe for gold have been countermanded, on the pobody disputes: it was defended by Messrs. de Chastellux, ground that no profit can now be made by its importation. and Chaptal, and de Narbonne. This vote is not an ordinary | The effect of the sales above-mentioned will be learned genes vote; it is an event--a very great event. We enter on a rally from the list of prices : Consols fell to 91, and nearly new road; we abandon the ground on which we have pro- every other description in a still greater degree. Times.
ceeded since the beginning of the restoration. Let us await CATHOLIC QUESTION.-If there be any persons who do | the future."
not take the trouble to form an opinion on this subject for
themselves, but are content to take one on the authority of A Contrast.-John Quincey Adams, President of the others, we do not know of any document that can be more United States, is the son of the second president that ever conclusive than the lists of the late majority and minority, ruled over America, the well-known and peaceful successor | The majority in favour of the Catholic Relief Bill contains, of Washington--the Numa of the United States; and if we with very few exceptions, every Member distinguished for may judge from the principles which he has taken the first any sort of talent on either side of the House, and of every occasion of testifying, he is well worthy of the honour which description of Members. The leading Members of the Oppo. such an elevation confers. The manly plainness and sim- sition, without any exception, are comprehended in it. Of plicity of the form of his inauguration, deserves notice. Think the Ministers we find in it Mr. Canning, Mr. Robinson. Mei of the childish ceremonies, the idle pageantry, the ridiculous Huskisson, Mr. Wynn, Mr. Plunkett, Mr. Croker. Mr Wild mummeries, the holy oil, the feathers, furs, and frippery of a mot Horton, and almost every man, indeed, whose name is coronation in Europe, as contrasted with this dignified scene! | ever heard of, or counted, except on a division. The only At Washington, in the capitol, Mr. Adams, in a plain suit of persons of the least note in the minority, representing what black, ascends the Speaker's chair, pronounces his address to Mr. Canning called the inert feeling of the country, are Mr. his fellow-citizens, walks to the table of the judges, and on a Peel, Mr. Goulburn, and the Attorney and Solicitor-General. volume of the laws of the United States, reads his oath of There are, no doubt, very respectable and honest men in the offeeandthathensmitte m irchty state is installed minority b.. --
of between two and three hundred Members, in which there workmen in the employ of Messrs. Lingford had been parwas such a striking deficiency of persons of acknowledged taking of some liquor, in one of the workshops on the pretalent-of persons eminent in any pursuit-of persons whose mises in Parliament-street, on account of footing a new comer, opinions are looked to with confidence by any class of men. when some words arose between two of them, named Richard We are not among those who are disposed to settle questions Cadwallader, a man upwards of 50 years of age, and a young by the authority of mere names, but we cannot help regard- man, named John Meek, both smithis. The dispute soon tering it as a circumstance not unimportant, that so great a pro- minated, and harmony appeared to be restored between them, portion of the men of active minds—so great a proportion of In a short time afterwards, Cadwallader went into one corner all those who habitually take pains to form and express of the shop and held some conversation with Meek, and imopinions, should be found in favour of the relief of the Catho-mediately on his returning to his anvil, the latter hurled a hics.-Globe and Traveller. ,
screw plate at him, the corner of which struck him on the THE RIVER NIGER.-We believe we may state with per- neck, near the ear, and inflicted a mortal wound. The unfect confidence, that the problem has been solved in regard to fortunate man fell upon the anvil, and died instantaneously. the hitherto mysterious course of the Niger, and solved too There were two other men in the shop, who observed no sympby a native of Dumfries-shire-Lieutenant Clapperton, of the toms of anger at the time on either side, and on perceiving Royal Navy. Our information on the subject is too scanty what had happened, they caused the delinquent to be secured. to admit of our giving any details; but one most important | The body was conveyed to the Dove and Rainbow publicfact has been ascertained, namely—that the Niger falls into house, where a Coroner's Inquest was held upon it yesterday, sea, contrary to the hypothesis of more than one eminent when the Jury found a verdict of Wilful Murder against geographer. At one point of bis pilgrimage in the cause of John Meek, who stands committed on the Coroner's warrant science, the intrepid Traveller was within four days' journey to take his trial for the offence at the next assizes. Meek was of the spot wbere Mungo Park breathed his last. In a hur- so alarmed at the horrid deed he had committed, that he made ried note written to a relative in this country, not a word is two or three ineffectual attempts to escape. The deceased, said respecting Timbuctoo; but, from what was formerly we are informed, has a wife and family residing at Derby. stated in regard to his researches in the same direction, we | Nottingham Journal. think it more than probable that he has also visited the farfamed capital of central Africa. But upon this, and all other City, 11 o'Crock - Consols for Account are 91490 In the Foreign points connected with the expedition, we must patiently wait Market Austrian Bonds are 983 9.; Spanish, 241; Greek, 511; Mexifor those communications which will doubtless soon be made can, 74 5 ; Russian, 95 ; Prussian, 101 ; Dinnish Scrip, 31 dis through the public offices. The last letters from Lieut. Clap
THE LONDON MARKETS. the 25th November, 1824. He was then on his return to
Corn Exchange, Mark - Lane, MAÝ 2. Tripoli, having happily accomplished the objects of his mis-/ The arrivals of all sorts of Grain last werk were only inuderate ; and sion; and though his health has suffered from the rigour of this morning the fresh arrivals of Wheat, Barley, Beans, Peas, and Oats, the climate, and the terrible fatigues to which he was exposed,
from Essex, Kent, and Suffolk, are bot spall. Wheat of prima quality is we hope shortly to bear of his safe arrival in England. Mr. in great demand, and being scarce bas obtained 2s. and 3s. per quarter Clapperton was born in the town of Annan, in this county,
advance on the terms of last Monday. Barley and Mall are each advanced
1s. per quarter. Beans are also in demand, and are 2s per quarter higher and is descended from a man eminent for his attainments in
than on last Monday. Peas sell with more freedom tban of late, but the general science. Like our townsman Dr. Richardson, he is
prices cannot be quoted any higher. Oats have at present a free sale. in the prime of life, possesses all the qualities of an accom
and the prices of this article bave advanced 2s. per quarter. There is a plished traveller, and has served his country in various parts
good trade for Flour at the present prices. of the world. In stature he is about 5 feet 11 inches high,
CURRENT PRICES OF GRAIN. patient of fatigue, capable of enduring great privation-vigo- | Wheat, red .......... 62s. 755. | Pease, Boilers ........ 488. 50s. rous, handsome, athletic, and daring and intrepid in a high wheat, white.. 66s. 80s. | Maple...
388 39s. degree.-Dumfries Courier.
• 37s. 389.
225. 255. A most extraordinary system of robbery, called levelling,
Beans, small ..........
.... 238. 28.. has been carried on in Dublin lately to a great extent. A Tick ditto .......
338. 369. | Potatoe .......
.... 238. 288. person whose character is not yet entirely lost takes a house, Pease, White.......... 425 453. Flour, per Sack.. ... 55s. 65s. emaining in its nort time anplies to the pavinó | Aggregate Average Prices of the Twelve Maritime Districts of Eng.
| land and Wales, by wbich Exportation and Bounty are to be regulated board for a paling or scaffolding licence, in order to have the
in Great Britain. front improved. As soon as he has made this preparation, Wheat per Quarter, 66s. 6d.-Barley, 363, 5d.-Oats, 235. 8.-Rye, he applies to a leveller to purchase the house. The leveller
378. 4d.-Beans, 35s. 100.--Pease, 36s. 4d. views the premises, values them at 501. or 601. ; pays that
SMITHFIELD, MAY 2. sum to the new inhabitant, and in three days not a trace of
The price of Meat has not allered materially this day, the best Oxen the house is to be seen. The moment the purchase is made, fer
de, fetching 5s. and 5s. 2d. per stone; inferior, 4s. and 4s. 8d. Mutton is a number of workmen are sent in, who pull the house to dull sale, at from 4s. 4d. to os. per stone; but in Veal there is no altera, pieces, and a landlord has often been seen walking up and lion worth noticing. Lamb, from being more plentiful, looks down, but down a street in which his house stood the day before, Pork remains steady. scarcely thinking it possible that he is in the right neighbourthe member for the city. We understand. Beef .......... 4s. 4.1. to 58. 2d. Veal.......... 5s.6d to 7s. Od.
Muiton ........4s. 8d, to 3s. 60. Pork.......... 5s.6d. to 6s. 6d. missed two of his houses one morning as he was taking a
Lamb iis. 80 to 7s.6d. walk before breakfast. A tradesman who was rather harshly
HEAD OF CATTLE THIS DAY. importuned by his landlord, procured a paling licence, and Beasts ......... ...... 2,504 | Pig's
... 14,230 | Calves.................... 124 whispered about that he was to have a visit from a lereller. Sheep ....... So great was the terror excited by the name, that the land
PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW. 'lord consented not only to give his tenant the indulgence Hay ........£35 to 45 0 | Straw........ £2 0 to £2 10 reţuired, but actually to lower the rent. The levelling sys.
Clover £4 to £5 12 6 tem has been improved so much of late, that it is said a house
The Arerage Price of Brown or Muscovado Sugar, computed from the can be now literally removed from one part of the town to
Returns inade in the Week ending April 27, 1825, is 36s. 2 d. per another in a day or two at most.
Hundred Weight, exclusive of the Duties of (stoms paid oc payable In this town, on Wednesday evening last, several of the thereon on the importation thereof into Gru !...).
FOR WORMS, FITS, PAINS in the STOMACH, &c.-Worms
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and Author of " Sketches in Upper Canada." Octavo, stitched,
Contents:-Life at Sea Boarding-bouse Recollections-The City of Havana4. LETTERS to the EDITOR of the "NEW TRIAL of the WITNESSES
A Journey in the Deckar--Two Days at the Cape of Good Hope-A Voyage or the Resurrection of Jesus Considered," &c. in Answer to that Work.
from Havana to New Providence-- Life in India-Foreign Adventure--The By an OXFORD LAYMAN.
Cantonment of Seroor--The Delinquent.
Printed for Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh ; and Geo. B. Whittaker, London.. In 80. sewed, price 29. 60. 8. HINTS to IRISH LANDLORDS, on the best Means of Obtaining and I'THE FRENCH DRAMA, illustrated by Arguments in English at Increnging their Rents; Improving their Estates, aud Bettering the Condition the Head of each Scrnc; with Notes, Critical and Explanatory. For the of the People. By a LAND AGENT. With an Appendix, exemplifying the Use of Schools. By J. GOMBERT. No. I. ANDROMACH E, par RACINE-No. II. Measures recommended.
LES PLAIDEURS-No. III. ATHALIE.
It is intended to publish under this title a selection from the best productions W INE warranted Genuine as Imported (Duties Reduced)-Old Port, 1 of the French dramatic writers. The Andromache of Racine will be the first of
vintage 1820, full of fruit flavour and body, 278. per dozen. Superior the series. Sherry, shipped by the first houses in Spain, 273. per dozen.-04 dozen of either Each of the Plays will be elucidated, of the above Wines, packed in an excellent hogshead, calculated for various Ist. By appropriate arguments at the head of each scene, to unravel the plot, purposes, including bottles, &c. for a remittance of 101.: all other Spanish and as well as develope the subject, characters, and various incidents throughout Portugal Wines in proportion.-Champagne, first quality, now landing in the piece. favourite London Docks, shipped by that celebrated grower Aubriet, 724. per | 2d. By an English translation of such words and idioms as may arrest the dozen; Claret, 48s. per dozen; a quantity of fresh emptied pipes and hogsheads progress of the young student. to be sold cheap. CHARLES WRIGHT, Wine-merchant, next to the king's 3d. By grammatical and critical observations, in which will be interspersed Tbeatre, Opera Colonnade, Haymarket.-P.S. To be Let, nightly, a splendid occasional remarks upon the beauties of the style and conceptions. Stage Box at Drury Lane Theatre, for Eight persons, for 2 guineas. Opera The Drama, that exquisite and invaluable portion of French literature, cannot Boxes and Pit Tickets, 8s. 6d.
fail to present to the young learner many perplexities, far beyond the compre
hension of his immature judgment. By the different illustrations that will be FOR PRESERVING the TEETII & GUMS.— The VEGETABLE
given, it will be the chief object to render his path easy and pleasant, and to TOOTH POWDER has so long been in general use, that it is almost unne unfold the beauties of the scene, which might otherwise lie unobserved or cessary to offer any further recommendation of it. Composed of Vegetables, unregarded. without the admixture of any Mineral or pernicionis ingredient whatever, it is The pronunciation may be greatly improved and facilitated by a recitation of free from the usual objection against the use of other Dentrifices. Its detersive I well-chosen pieces ; by this meaus the memory will be enriched with lessons of power is just sufficient to annihilate those destructive particles which adhere to morality, and a correct judgment and taste will be inculcated. the Gums and the Interstices of the Teeth; healiug injuries in the former, and As the selection will consist of such plays as are performed in the theatres of promoting a new Enamel (where it has been injured or corroded) ou the latter. France, it is hoped that the work may prove a useful companion to English It likewise imparts a firmness and healthy redness to the Gums; and if used visitors of the French metropolis, or principal towns, whose imperfect acquaintregularly, will preserve the Teeth in a sound state to old age.--Sold in boxes, ance with the language might preclude them from participating in the enjoy. at 2s. 9d. by Butler, Chemist, 4, Cheapside, St. Paul's; Savory and Co. 136, ment of scenic entertainments. New Bond-street, London; and by the principal Perfumers and Medicine The selection will embrace tbe high and dignified character of Tragedy, as Venders throughout the United Kingdom: of whom may be bad, BUTLER'S well as the refined and spirited elegance of the Comic Muse. Great pains will superior SILVER-WIRED TOOTH BRUSHES, ls. each; and very fragrant be taken to combine pleasure with utility, the arguments and notes will be LAVENDER WATER, in half-pints, at 3s. 60.
written in an easy style, and the dryness of observation avoided as much as Be careful to ask for Butler's Vegetable Tooth Powder, and to observe possible. the name and address of “ Butler, 4, Cheapside,” are engraved on the stamp attached to onch box of this esteemed Dentrifice, to distinguish it from imita. London: printed by John HUNT, in B) :) 168-street, Golden-square, and jmblished tions under similar titles.
by him at the Examiner Olice,3),
treet, Covent-garden Picard
No.901. MONDAY, MAY 9, 1825.
THE POLITICAL EXAMINER Jour markets at less than 50s. a qua, ter; while many able persons.
contend, that 603. would be the lowes. average price, without any' Party is the madness of many for the gain of a few.-Pors.
duty whatever. Mr. HUSKISSON speaks of accumulation in the coun
tinental shipping ports, as a reason for waiting a year - BREAD OR LANDLORDS' TAX.
ours to a probable glut; yet he admits presently? As might be expected, after the ministerial declarations the other.
price might be secured by a graduated scale of duties:
inconsistences of men who would reconcile enlargea pe day, Mr. Waltmore's motion for a Committee to inquire into the Corn Law question, was defeated by a large majority. Even the
o narrow and exclusive practice!!
Hii Ministers themselves would find it no easy matter to carry a revision
on! The intended release of the bonded corn, under the app of the system, opposed as it is to the interests, real or imaginary, of a bool proof a boon to the holders and the public, is in reality contriveu
' for the
By letting into the market these 40 the body who return a majority of the Ilouse of Commons; but l benefit of the landlords.
when they throw the weiglit of office into the landlords' scale, any
il quarters, it is hoped to keep the price below the average of 803. . amendment is hopeless."
which many times that quantity would certainly be brought in froi Mr. WHITNORE introduced some curious details into his speech. | abroad. This expectation however may be defeated by the Minister's especially with reference to the exaggerated fears on the part of the over-anxiety to please the boroughmongering landholders. The pre landlords of enormous importation, if the trade were free; the loss posed duty of 10s, on the warehoused wheat is really extravagant; occasioned to the foreign farmers by the cessation of our demand: when we consider that it has really cost the owners more than 80s.; their consequent conversion from growers of cotn into growers of
and the effect will probably be that the latter, after waiting so many woland the dangerous competition with both our wool-growers and years, will prefer keeping it a few months longer, on a speculation our woollen mangfacture, produced by the increased .production and
bduced by the incroneed Ordiction and that the average price of our own produce will rise to the point at Share the mic which all foreign corn will be admitted.
a low price of the raw material on the Continent. Such are the mis- |
.. chiels caused in all directions by the wicked system of artificially dear bread-such (happily perhaps.) is the mode in which the evil that the
;" PAPER AND GOLD. promoters of the system inflict upon others, is sure to re-act, in some Ir is in vain to rail against evils, however apparent, which are the shape or other, upon themselves ! .
unavoidable consequence of a state of things it is determined to If there be one subject more than another on which we may be sure retain. Our funding system, for instance, necessarily engenders the future historians will be unanimous, it is in agreeing, that Great evils of jobbing, gambling, delusive speculation, and the frauds to Britain owes her present greatness to her commerce and manufactures. which they give rise; and it is useless to affect wonder at the occaIn agricultural production we shall be always behind the great eon- sionally unpleasant consequences. For a week past, a species of tinental countries : nature has not given us either soil or climale partly natural, but in a far greater degree, artificial alarm, has been equal to those of our principal neighbours. In the science of agriculture excited by the turn of the rate of exchange against this country; or we are not indeed below any, and much above most of them : and rather by the necessary result of that fact the profuse exportation of therefore it is, that our farming needs none of that miscalled “pro- gold and silver. It appears that the value exported in these metals, tection" with which ignorant legislation has encumbered it. The lowest at their standard value, during the last year, amounts to six millions price of corn which a perfectly free trade in that commodity could and a half, of which by far the greater part has gone to France; drawn produce, would not throw out of cultivation a single acre of good land, there, it is presumed by the Ministry of that country to fill up the although it might turn into pasture many acres of inferior soil on which void caused by the sules that will take place in consequence of the corn is now raised by a wasteful expenditure of capital and labour. intended reduction of the Rentes. However assisted by this and Rents would no doubt be reduced by lowered prices; but then the another alleged drain-extensive remittances to the Continent for reduction would be to a very considerable extent counterbalanced to the purchase of those articles which are admitted to our markets by the · the landlord by greater steadiness and certainty of payment, by the new regulations-itis evident that some strong internal cause must have - seduced prices of all, manufactures, by reduced poor-rates, reduced favoured both the turn in the exchange and its results. We need tithes, reduced rate of wages, &c. Instead of injuring farming, the not go far to find it; indeed, by reflective persons, who have taking away of the pretended “ protections of the law would restore attended to the conduct of the Bank of England, it has for some it to what it once was, and wbat it always ought to be, -- the most time past been anticipated. It is the most difficult thing in the · steady and secure mode which civilization affords of employing capital world for either bodies or individuals to recognise data, the adinis
aad industry. In conceding that the landlords might lose something sion of which is inimical to their interest, and consequently it is not by a free trade in corn, we afford no argument against that freedom. wonderful, that the Bank Company should deny the operation of li is a question whether their gains have not been on the whole much their paper issues on the course of exchanges, although apparent to too large during the distresses of the other classes; but even if that almost everybody else. It is a doctrine with them, that if they limit were not so, their advantage is surely not to be put in competition their issues to the demands made upon them by substantial persoas with the coipfort and prosperity of the rest of the community, and the for paper, they can never go wrong; while to others, it is evident incaleulable benefit of removing very dangerous impediments to our that they may thereby increase the currency, not only to the producmanufacturing and commercial activity. We say again, rather than tion of an artificial rise in prices, ill-repaid by the temporary activity suffer the evils of the present system, let the landlords be paid out of consequent on adventurous and delusive speculation, but so as the taxes for their estimated loss (whether just or not) by cheap corn, necessarily to turn the exchanges against us, and make the exportaThe farmers have everything to gain and nothing to lose by low tion of gold a profitable concern. By lending money upon mort. prices, though the majority of them appear to think otherwise ; which gage, by advances upon stock, and by a heavy loan to the East is not very unnatural in men who are already much depressed, and India Company, the issue of paper by the Bank of England has for tno apt, in their alarm, to confine their view to the immediate fact of some time past been very great, and the result, owing to the turn of diminished receipts, without sufficiently adverting to the more than exchange, has been the necessity of coining sometimes at the rate of countervailing advantages they would find in reduced rents and di- 200,000 sovereigns a day in order to meet the demand through their minished expenses of every kind.
own notes. In this manner, a contraction of the currency is rapidly Mr. IlUSKISSON [nakes an excellent speech, as far as general prin taking place, and as the diminution is first felt, or at least, appreciples are concerned, but a sad bungling excuse for delaying to apply hended by Jobbers and Money-dealers, hence the recent and existing them. The present system is very bad there can hardly be a worse effect on the Stock Exchange. It has been rumoured, that in conby his own account; yet we must wait a year before we interfere with sequence of this operation, the Directors intend to request another it! - This Minister is not ignorant, that in consequence of the altered suspension of cash payments; but whatever the degree of assurance value of the currency, the importation of forcign wheat at 65$. per and reliance on influence which may lead to such a request, a quarter would be the same thing as its importation at 80s. per quarter Ministry agreeing to it would be entitled to the block. It is quite war when the Corn Bill passed in 1815. Nay, Mr. Goocu,a great stickier enough to leave the currency of a great country open to the discretion, for the exclusive system, now admits that 60s, would be a fair price indiscretion, and avidity of a Trading Company, without stepping for the British farmer; so that is a duty of 103. were imposed on foreign in from time to time to save it from the consequences of its own miswheat, that price at least would be secured, as those who make the takes. Moreover, the drain, regarded merely as the consequence of lowest estimate, allow that the commodity could not be brought into the turn against Great Britain in the exchanges, will most lik staan..