Imagens das páginas

profits bait bere already given in accoudts before the House of Commons-doubled the tiability to pay in gold if it were demanded. --Mr Prez, Perhaps it was thought that this mode of calawions misrepresentation Mr. CANNING, and Mr. Hosk ISSON, severally expressed their opinion, that was the way to get bien out of office : they were mistakenlwho thought no new law was required to fix the liability of every country dauker er so; he would not yield to such aspersions, nor shonk front asserting what other person to give gold for their notes or other securities on demand; he owed to himself. Had le been treated with coinmon justice, he shonld and what the protection to the country was, that in other tender, bo to not, perhaps, have remained Lord Chancellor this day; but he would not notes, no country notes, was legal tender, except the silver and gold coa be driven from his calumnious attack. Let him only be treated of the realai. The transaction on which the complaint and the call for with common justice, and in five minutes his office should be at onybody's an alteration of the law depended, arowedly a rose out of intemperance; disposal. From the accounts which had been furnished to him of this and the Bank afterwards admitted their liability to pay in gold, and enioluments as Lord Chancellor, apart from his income as Speaker of the offered it. Therefore, to think of altering the law as to the remedies, House of Lords, he was happy to say, that the Lord Chief Justice of the where there might be refusal-if the credit of any country banker er Court of King's Rench had received a larger income from his office. Ile others could bear the consequences of such refosal-wonld only be to quoted from the average accounts of the last three years, and he would excile doubts where none existed.--Mr. Canning said, as to any ina further say, that in nu'one year, since he had been made Lord Chancellor, nary erils resulting from the present state of the carreney, he was pre had he received the same amount of profit which he enjoyed while at the pared to epdure them all, rather than depart from the system novi bar. Had he remained at the bar, be slıould not be one shilling a poorer oprration - Mr. BARING said the holders of votes certuinly had not nor man than he was at this inminent, potwithstanding his office. The Par-the advantage of that sumonry process which they formerly enjorel liament had said that po sinecures shall exist after the present vested He was aware that ibey might compel payment in gold, under the las, ioterest should expire; but the present possessors had just as good a tiile as it at present stood ; but if he were obliged to resort to a long legati by law to their emolumenis, as their Lordslips had to their estales. The process, live might lose 20 or 30 times the amount of that for which te Noble Earl entirely misunderstood the question with regard to sinrcore contended. The petition was ordered to be printed. offices. It was said, that because the deplity did all the drudgery of the

DELAYS IN CHANCERY office, therefore the principal was of noise. The doctrine was founded Mr. Bersal presented a petition from Frances Helligar, complaining on a mistake : the presence of the principal might not always be requireit, of the grievous oppression and delay of Chancery proceedings. The buit, were got his responsibility always interposes, the consequences might petitioner is a widow, reduced to pauperism in the Greenwich work house, be extremely injurious to the suitors and the public Much misrepresen! although her husband left 1,4001, and more, 16 her in 1809, of whicb 300/ tation had gope abroad coucerning his conduct; but whatever he might have been claimed by his creditors, and 1,1001 wnsted by a comum prosuffer froin such calumny and mis-stateinent, he enjoyed the consolarion ceeding in Chancery for the distribution of the effects! "Mr. B. said, he that he had been incorrupt in his office ; and he could form no better wish had hitherto abstained from taking part in the discossion vpion Chnnery for his country, then that his siiccrssor should be penetrated with an equal abnges, but it was not because he was in tarant of them : on the contrary, desire to expcule his duties with 6delity. If the object was to pull down he could speak with certainty of the practices in the Master's Office, which the reputation and throw discredit on the motives and conduct of men in were loo expensive and dilatory to be covolennuced by any persons, the high official situations-if every man who occupird an eminent station | Masters themselves not excepted. in the Church or The State were to become the object of stander--theo

Mr. Perl said, that he would take care that the substance of the petites their Lordships wight lay their account with similar treatment, and might should be referred to the Coinnissioners of Equity Inquiry. He admitted rent convinced that their privileges as Peers could not long be respected ibat the evils complaiped of were considerable. when such characters bad been sacrificed. (Hear, hear!) .

Mr. Hobuoose presented á petition from J. D. Borrell, complaining Earl GROSVENOR explained.--If the Noble Lord was not overpaid by | the emoluinents of his office, it ought to be recollected that it had exten.

by of certains illegal practices in the borough of Lyme-Regis.- Laid es

the table. sive patronage. The bill was then read a third time and passed. ,


Mr. WALLACE stated, thut from the evidence adduced, it was clearitas Tuesday, June 28.

the intervention of Parliament was hecessary to prevent the evils arising " THE BURBLE ACT-JOINT STOCK COMPANIES.

from the combinations of work men all orer the country, the objects of The Earl of LIVERPOOL moved the third reading of the Bubble Act which were to dictate to the masters-10 settle when they would work, Reycal Bill.

whom the master should employ, what they slionld receive, for many, if The Earl of LAUDERDALE complained that the bill was unintelligible,

any apprentires, should be llawed ;-in short, ta fake all power outure as the public conld not be aware that the repeal of the 6th Geo. 1., if the bands of the master;-and beyond this, they had, in some cases, repealed, did not repeal ibe common law. He deprecated all companies actually pointed out men to be assassinated ! Nothing could be more which accumulated capital for the sake of driving the individual trader liniurious and dreadful than such proceedings. He was no friend to the ant of the market. Competition was thus destroyed.

priuciple of the laws which had been repealed; he did not wish to se The Earl of LiveRPOOL said that the bill did nothing more than repeal lihem 're-fnocted, but he wished that the common law as it had slowl ap Act passed in a state of alarm, and upon which no conviction had bero before should be again brought into forte. This, he believed, would be abiained for many years. His dislike to Joint-Stock Companies was

Joint Stock Companies was quite sufficient for the purpose, and he expected that in saying this be perhaps as great as that of the Noble Earl, but he had no apprehension of spoke the general opinion of the House. By that law sufficient poweb their doing any harm, if po favous were shown them by the Legislature, were given to the irorkmen for the preservation of their own interests: and if each subscriber was made liable to the general risks. It was better they were permitted to meet for the purpose of obtaining an increase of to leave such Companies alone to themselves than to tie them up by special their wages, but if they went beyond this, and altempled to mix up aby enactments. He could got see why individuals should not be allowed to intimidation of others in their sclieme, it was yoing too far. The object associate for the purposes of Irade, if they were held responsible, just as of the present bill was to keep up this distinction, and everything beside much as if rach traded on his "separate stock; for the individual, in

was left to the operation of the coinmon law. The principle of the general, dill better for himself in his particular way, than when associated

now before the House was to make all associatimus illegal, excepting with a body of men.

those for tlie pnrpose of seliling such amount of wages as vould be a fair The bill was then read a third time.

remuneration to the work men. The bill gave a somiary jurisdiction in

Magistrates; it did a way with the necrosity of a prérious information, HOUSE OF COMMONS.

and permitted a conviction upon the evidence of one witness only. These Monday, June 27.

were the principal features of the bill COUNTRY NOTES.--STATE OF THE CURRENCY.

Mr. Hume said, that the Right Hon. Genileinan had given the work An extrnded discussion arose ou the complaint of Mr. Jones, that a men anything rather than fair play. None of the abuses complained of bank at Bristol had refused to give him coin for notes, when he demanded were proved in the evidence; and at least the existing systein had this the legal currency of the realm in exchange for such noies. He prayed advantage over the law gone by,--there were no more cases of illegal the House to provide a more summary remedy to enforce the exchange of oaths, no more secret societies. No doubt, there had been faults, of lak, gold for paper, than at present existed. The petition was supported by on both sides; but the masters were at least as much to blame as the Mr. Home, who declared that such power was requisite to give the country inechunics. In the coin pluints of the master paper-makers, he though proper con Gidence in the currency, which was in a very improper stute at the masters were decidedly in the wrong. So with the conpers; and the present. -Mr. H. Davis explained ibat the transaction on which Mr | House could not legislate to prevent petty feuds and differences. The Jones founded his complaint, arose out of some warmth on both sides; shipwrights had offered to meet the masters half-way. And after all, but having ascertained that it was not optional to tender Bank of England what occasioned these Combinations - The corn-laws-the combinaties noles, the Bristol Bank bad afterwards offered gold for the potes. Lord of the land owners, which had raised every uecessary of life within the FOLKSTON spoke of the prevalence of paper in the country, and of the last three years from 30 to 60 per cent. in price. It was a litle hard 18 danger likely to ensue from it. - Mr. H. Gurney said, that the impression allow the corn-grower to bring his cominodity as he chose into the markel, of all country Banks, of which he kuie w auviling, was the reverse of what and jo shut out all competition, that he might obtaia his own price; and had been entertained by the Bristul Bank. None deemed it optional to then to punish the workman, who was compelled to buy this artificially pay in gates, or gold, if coin were demanded. Mr. J. Smith observed, raised commodity, for making what efforts he could to get the best price ebut he did not believe that there were three Banks in England that for his own. For, if the masters were to be protected, the men surely

had a right to protection too. And had they this? They had not. If the and, after a fortnightla rambling about the country, found his ram in the masters.combined to give their men only half a sufficient rale of wages, I possession of nne Beale, with its fleece shorn. Beale refused to give no and had strength enough to starve them into taking it, there was nothing the deece, and Canfor applied to Mr. Kenrick the Magistrate Mr. K.. in the Right Hog.Gentleman's hill to prevent them from doing so.. And declined to take bis evidence on oath, or to grant a senrch warrant, but bow could this danger be ined by the workmen, except by counter.combi. sant a note to Beala, desiring him to come forward with the fleece, and bations ? for which, short of carrying them to the extent of violence, he clear up and answer the charge of felony. Beale laughed at this note. still thought they ought to bare the fullest permission. Besides this, he and refused compliance, saying the fence was his own. Canfor then objected to the discretion which the bill proposed to lodge in Magistrates, proceeded to another Magistrale, who declined interfering, on the ground and thought it would npen the door 10 every kind of injustice.

that a Nagistrale had already been applied to on the business. Tlie day On the reading of the clause which made it penal to induce any man to alter, Canlor wout to Mr. Kenrick again, when lie found that the inalter leave his work by threat, or intimidation, or insolt,

had been strangely referred to two persons nained Nashi and Eade. They Mr Home objected to the clouse as tro vague. The word o insult” |

decided that the Beece vras Canlor's, and he took it away with him 10 Mr. might be construed a thousand ways, and that which might be considered

Kendrick, who got into a passion, and ordered Conforto give up the as an insult to one pan, wonld not be so understood as applying to

fleece, and the nole sent to Beale. This he refused to do; upon wleich, another.

Mr. K. made luis butler a special constable, who, with the aid of another, Mr. Prel said, he would stale bis reasons ; for it was too much to cail took Canfor into custody, and searched him. Canfor: in consequence on the Coinmittee to reiect the clause, without assigning some cround. brought his action for false imprisonment when Mr Kenrick's Counsel The clause was inserted for the protection of those individuals who chose | procured a coinpromine, on pa ring 56. and the costs.--Mr. DENMAN conto work when the great body of the persons in their trade were combined

tended that the conduct of Mr. Krorick was most outrageous, and his not to work except under particular cirenmstances. In fact, it was

abuse of power most an warrantable. Suppose Canfor had resisted (as nothing more than the fair protection of freedom of labour.

indeed he did in the first instance)-suppose bloodshed had ensued-wlint Mr MANSFIELD obxerred, that it was anjost to deprive the workmen

excuse could be made for Mr Kendrick? Wos that the conduct which a of the power of fixing the price of their labour, while the masters were

Magistrale should adopt on account of irritated ferlings? This char was allowed to fix the price whieb they would give.

one of serious importance; and when a case of improper conduct on the Mr HOBHOUSE opposed the clause as too undefined. It was the more

part of a Magistrale, perpetraled under the colour of law, was, lorought objectionable, as the decisions upon it were to be left to the discretion or forward, it ought to be minniely investigated. If such a case were viewed a Magistrate, and not to a Jury..

lightly by the House, then it brenine of ten times more importance in bis , Sir R Wilson concurred in opinion as to the word “insult.” He cyes; because such neglect on their part was calculated to encourage such knew of np penal enactment so undefined, except at Naples, where a

misconduct. He, thought the Magistrates were too much beyond control. punishment of 100 blows was decreed against any one who should act in

Not a work passed without some complaints against theni, yet Governo any way disrespectful " to the Austrian authorities

ment did nothing ; though, when they mishrhaved in this way, they ought The ATTORNEY-GENERAL said, if the word “ insull" was ihought too

10 be dismissed. Mr. D. concluded by moving the following propositions: undefined, be would not press it ; but he had precedent for the adoption

_" That this Committee is or opinion, that the allegations contained in of words in a penal clause, which adiniued of full as great a la litude of

Inuitude of the petition of Martin Monry Cavfor hare been substantially proved, construction!

That the said petitioner preferred his complaint to Willino Kenrick, Esq. Mr. Prer said, that as workmen were now subjected to such molesta

one of the Magistrates for Surrey, relative to the loss of a ram, and tions as tarring and featheriny, or pulling through horseponds, if they did

required a search-warrant; to recover the ram as well as its flerce, both of not join in the combinations made against their masters, it was necessary

which were in the possession of William Beule, the brother of the said to give their some further protection than they had at present.

William Kenrick's bailiff, but that the said William Kenrick refused 1a

grant a search warrant, or to take the depositions of the petitioner - That Mr. W. WHITMOR& contended that as the Magistrales in the manu

the said William Kenrick, in this respect, pppears to have neglected bin facturing districts were geoerally masters, and as the persons who combined were generally workmen, lhis bill would give to the wpasters a power

duty as a Magistrate, in vot enquiring into facts of a suspicious charic.

ter; and that his subsequent condnet, in causing the said petitioner to be of oppressing the men with which they ought not to be intrusted. He

arrested, and commanding and ordering himn to be aearched, was illegal, thought that a power of appeal ooglit to be given to the mey... Mr. Hung agaio objected to the word “ molest," as being vague and

arbitrary, and oppressive, and a gross, abuse of his authority as a Magisa

trate." inexplicit.

Mr. Peel opposed the motion, eontending that there was no grouod Jaid The Committer then divided. when there appeared, --For the clause, 90; against it, 18: majority, 72.

for the interference of Parliainent. He said he did not defend the belia

viour of Mr. Kendrick, but he had not acted from corrupt or inproper Mr. Hone contended that the Committee, in giving its approbation to

motivps. He had refused to grant a search warrant against a reputable the last clause, had been guilty of an act of oppression towards the people. (Ilear.).

nrighbour on light groundx, in order not to injure his character. For the

| other part of his conduct, the detention and search of Capfor, a civil Lord A. HAMILTON, Mr. W. Smith, and Mr. CALCRAFT, defended their

aclion had beca brought, and a verdict obtained, which proved that he conduct in supporting the last clause, and condemned the language which the Hon. Member for Aberdeen had applied to the supporters of it as

had acted improperly. Bnt was the House to interfere under such cir

cumstances? Canfor had travelled, it seemed, 500 miles in the middle of highly indecorous and improper.

snomer, until the blood was running out at the knees of his brerches. Sir FRANCIS BORDETT obj-cted to this bill for various reasous : first,

aso... Arti Ir A laugh) lo this state of beat, le miglic have offered somis progocabecause sufficient time lind not been allowed for a trial of the bill which

tion to Mr. Kenrick, to bear whiclo would require more stoicism than that it wis intended to amend ond repenl; secondly, because its language was

Gentleman possessed.. When it was cousiderrd, lesider, that Canfor bad; ragile and indefinite; and thirdly, because it deprived the prople of the trial

threatened to hand Mr. Kendrick orer to his Solicitor, wbo wonld tackle by Jury, and left them to the arbitrary discretion of a single Magistrale

with him, he (Mr. Perl) was induced to believe that the whole of his cons , Mr. Dessas proposed that the conviction for an infraction of this will

duct together had been offensive and provoking. He did not my that if be liad by the verdict of n Jury, instead of before iwo Magistralcs..

the provocation had been greater, it would be a sufficient excuse for Mr. "The ATTORNEY GENBRAL said, that the old proceeding by indictment

Kenrick's forgetting the moderation which belonged to a Magistrale ; but was still preserved, and the summary process was necessary to afford the

it must at the same time be allowed to have some influence when the efficacy of prompt punishment for violence.

House came to determine the weight of moral delinquency in the case. For the amendment, 53— Against it, 78.,

The Learned Gentleman had said, that because one part of a man's cón, Mr. Home mored an amendment, that no master manufacturer, or son duct had been the subiret of an action, it was no reason why other parts of a miaster, alall sit'as Magistrate to enforce the provisions of this act. or it should not afrerwards be investigated. He agreed with him in the The Committee divided-For the amendinent, 15-Against il, 60. general principle, and he agreed that the criminal conviction of a Magis. Tuesday, June 28 .

irate was a sufficient ground for the Lord Chancellor's removing him from Mr. Honz prrsented a petition from Lieutenant-Colonel Fitz-Simon, the Commission; but the question must be, wbether such a punishment complaining of delay in paying the Deccan Prize money, which, after would not be beyond the offence charged; and here it must be regiema some observations, was ordered to be printed. .

bered, tbat there was not only no conviction, but not even a criminal r. MR. KENRICK'S CASE...

charge -Mr. P. contended, that the adoprion of any apportioned censure A pesition was presented from Mr. Kenrick, in which he stated, that would be destructive of the character and dignity of the Magistracy; he was Jaken by surprise by the order of the House respecting the exomi. for what public officer's conduel was always unsullied in every Tiule pari pation of witnesses on the case of Franks, and therefore was not prepared.ticolar, and bow was it possible for the House to listen to every petty Some discussion arose, and it was finally decided that this part of the case charge, and administer, as required, an apportioned censure to each?' He should stand over till sexi Session. The House then went into the other did not intend to move any Resolution approving of tbe cooduct of Mr. portion,-bis condnct to Canfor the butcher at Stoke Newington, upon Kenrick, but would mesily move, as on amendment to the motion, that whieh Mr DENMAN forcibly dilated. Canfor, be said, had a quantity of the case having been heard by evidence in support of the allegations con: sbeep,' marked with a particular mark, feeding on a common.' He lost tained in Martin Money Consor's petition, and by Counsel on the part of about 20, including a rain of the Southdown breed, which he conceived to Mr. Kenrick, the Committee did not think it necessary to recommend te be of great value, Da discovering his loss, he went in search of bis sheep, I the House lo institute any further proceedings A the said petition,



Mr. ARNEY- maintained, that enough bad been shown to per that complainny of the librity given to others to pabilisl advertisrinents in Mr' Koudrick urun nila anfit to hold any longer the situation of judgeonstamped papers, to the detrineit' of those which are compelled to pay ! The Ri. Hon Gentlentan' had contended that Canfor's m iner was calen la starplaiy.. inted to provoke the Magistrate. He said he had walked 500 wxles after the CHANCELLOR of the EXCHTQUER said that Gavertinent were lsig via in, antitrlip blond ran out of his brpechtes kopes. It was no wonder advised that the persons publishing adarrtisments in the manner alladed thing he should be chared a little when he applied to the Magistrate hot | 1n were not exempt froin paying duty, and they would take care to enforce when he was imprisoned, he shower inn syarptams of violence; he was the law.

the law. tien extrpinoty temperáte, and the violence was all on the side of the Ma

COMBINATION LAWS. gistrate upt the House consider whether the inan hart not some rense

Mr. Harhorse presented a polition from a large body of mechanics, for toping a little ont of poteper. It must be remeni bered, that Can for 'was

complaining that they were not heard brfare the Committee on The Coup not woquainteil with all lrresp nicelies and refinements which a lawyer douching

bination Laws. They complainrd that the mnde of serving the service at his fingers' ends; he was only * bitcher. "A woont deal temel been said

of summons upon them, placed them in a worse situation than that of the shum Confór's motives The Hourup had nothing to do with them ; 'but

midoiy he felon, siner, hy a sort of God.sford, i he case had come before them, were they to

Mr.' WALLACE snid that it was utterly impossibile to hear the multitude slur shrir eyes to 'il? The Ri. Hon. Graremat swirl," the case was 'n

of persons who offered origianl opinions on the nature and probable worthy of the interference of the Honsp. Why then, if thris was not, he

ffects of the bill "The Committee, therefore, proceeded pon a lew beson to the Rt Hmm Genfinnani to tell him what ease was worthy to he

cases of lari, which were more likely to satisfy the House. The evidence interfered in? It was said that the case of Franks' niest 1100 enw be taken

was token impartially from both sides, and so far the allegations of the jorto Menčenunt. He did not want to do sn, but the frets had bern in de

petition were not true. so public, that no one could forget them. It was the dary of the Lord

Mr. Home deprecated the readiness with which the Commons of Eng. Champllor or of Ministers, to recommend the terroval of Mr. Kendrick.

land consented to consigo the operatives, bonna band and foot, opet to He had zipper heard of a case note snspicinos'or more dis gnsting than

brbitrary and oppressive tribunals. No class of men had ever been subthis ; 'ahid he could not inagine' any person fest finted to discharge the

jaered in oppression so partial as that which would be set pp by this bill duties of a Magistratrohan one who id conducted himself like Mr.:

: Mr. Over the labouring people. Kendrick 'This case had been fully made m11, anul hrinplored Ministers'

Mr. HOBHOUSR said, that if Government determined to go throngh 1o considepi Alhe consequences of denying jerstice to the people, and the

with this precipiraney, he would por érery obstacle in the way of the bill of those wh

| consistent with the forms of the House.' were invested with the administration of it. Mehr!)

Mr. Prel was astonished at this new opposition, consideriog 'that op Mr. CANNING' said, the onse appeared to him the most trumpery'mpon

the second reidiog no objection was taken to the principle of the bill. which inny eraup nielusion could be called for. The whnte pirnt to

There was scarcely a single Trade which was not ont in combination, wtien vit renched Wrnved only that Mr. Kenrick har been goilty of a dis.

Goverment 118d indopted the mildest possible course; but as to the creditable and empahlpwant of romper in his mistetuiero with Carrfor ; but the provocation mirst also he taken into consideration.

hearing of evidence upon every particular case, it would bave taken seres He countd not in

years his can thence say that Mr. Kenrick's coniict Arstrooid a severe pmrish.

Mr. Home observed, that white, upnu representations of danger totally mani; and as that was thp only one which could be intheted cottsistently

unfounded, this cill, so formidable to the liberties of the operatives wa with thpiintörputs hfire 'coontry, tre wourti consent to adapt that wiher menslipe, As onjusfks it was inconsistent with those interests, of blasting

In pass, all inquiry was depied to the millions who were chiefly is

" ferested the character of the poprsion accused, and yet teatmgr him in the possession

Mr. Petr mid, military force had bren resorted to in the beighbourhoed of his office. "It could not be denied that Aving into a passion altre only

of Siroud ; it was trge, not for the prateciion of the masters, but to pre charge proved against Mr. Kerrick was a inerat fault;- but the House of Connons must he cantions in inquiring into Mie prierte life of persons,

serve the lives of the men who had refused to play the orders of suel of

| their fellow warlenen as bad entered into cnimbinations. becritse it with hapuen titat the most vrapolate characters, and whose

1 Mr. Cripps denied that the mechanies were even fit judges of their own public conduct is without reproach, might be open toʻsimitarimptatims

interest. The vintmnce practised towards some of the nen in Gloers. ir mipir privatp Bibits. Mr.'"SUMMER Wheerted, that those who frented the mainstinn'ns trifting,

tershire had endaag moed their lives, ued jnstified the ealing in the

| erilitary; and the provisions in the bill were calculated to prevent further din ingurite in the forests of the politie ; and the statentsents as to Mr Kenrick's character did not alter the nature of the transaction. And with respect tw the opisation of charactere that was a point upon *hich there

Mr. W. Smitu thought it beiter that the bill, with all its faults, should

pnse, than" that the contitry should be fere without a protection against the mighrbetwopioinnis Mr. Kenrick night be a good father of a family, bar be was fint i gond prigtibror.

disgusting outrages which had lately taken place. Mr DENISON saiat hat, is Mr. Kmrick's near teighbour, all he kitew

Sir F. BORDETT said he was apposed to the principle of the bill, and of thankotleitan was in firvour of his character.

thought that to repeat all laws upon the subject would be the best counse. Sir FRANels. BORDettmk the short question to be bother M. The common law was quite enough to redress any evils that might arist, Kesriek "d'ar haldunt exhibitud such qualities of characterns frserpedt

Witand the workmen wont then he tried fairly by their Prers, instead of 10-proclade liim Pyrin further filling to surch offices as those of Justice of

den hat being handed over mwly to the deerees of Magistrates, who 'inight have the Prive,'nd Fitinga inn a cirruit.' be his contion this trad dreidedly ait interest against them. been the page. inter all the citcumstances ir n eared to hiinerurte om Mr HuskisSON stated, that a short time ago a pror man in the collieries possible ytint the Guvernulpit should continue a un in the exercise of all of Scotland, who, wisconcriving the rules of the Union to whiek be ofhup, hp dirtirs nf which, after all that had occurred, it was quite clear belonged, thonghe he bad permission to return to luis work, and as the be coulevprirdischarge with satisfaction to the porblic. r Cheers) piliance they allowed him was not edongh for the support of his famiis,

Mr:"DENMANN said, that ttpon the trip viesof the case, the Horse seemed he did so. This fault, which was merely a niiscum emption of the Neania to-diffrrivery tittteint Wpintiin. When a Rr. Hon "Gentlunian opposite, in of the tyrants of the oombination, gave them so much offenee, that they defending Mr Kenrick,' spoke of his conduct as discreditatty irtemaptate cut off one of his ears! (Ilear, hear!) Was it necessary for the Con and thigalil puthandahle, this was coming as nearly as possible to the lani mitten to call witnesses to prove this fact before they Øgreed upou a guiage of his fWr! D-muihinley*own resifurions. Under these circumstances, Prinrdy for such Outrages? With the knowledge which the Hon. Mere. le shootet noppress' his wote to a tirision.

ber for Montrose had on these subjects, he was astonished at heating him Mr W.YNN brieinted 'spotrafraste and intemperance in Mr? Kehrick's make lise of the inflammatory language which he had bow iodulged in. Crundbuch in Mini present exsp, but decirted that his behaviour as a Juntep in The Hon. Bart. said, he wished to have the common law restorrd. Da Miales traurti Wwer given the fivliest tirtisfaction. If o hian's temper wishe know that all the complaints made before the Cominiline bad brea to briisirodectoruly wegeth ayttintst him as a granit of trh fri-ss 18 min fo:indid upon the injustice of that common law ? and thai ibe Hon. Vesapoubeliculitaatinn, stoprinos pripe to be made a question herit for Geni her for Montrose had hiinsaf proposed a summary statutory punishgrot, tlanna who in v Canneropofiti forse, lad Harns'intimnerarm is to instead of that infieled by the common law? that he had passed by the cuentat a wide ault" pan father home Par butla Gubefrifnur was trial hy Jwry th w in the haitds of a Magistrate the power of punishing filtraciones Voronoviran Parlament? you Hear, 'heur" and greut silti antraiypg'as tight occut?: luneushter. 14 tu bwwuf whippine pars horarit lopen mehr imaloy sinistria Mr. Perl maintained that the disorders ivhich had taken place were a Imelyns mhneacown tunikat n havn bortne ure inquiry Tricit was to sufficirant reason for providing a protection against a tyranny in parallelerd.

! Ho **** *urrout nor wintii chirta lor responsible for the tranquilling of the the DEN TIW ! lo mentioned fora of tipe poll clorientatieprof Parlantenterontit, if the stonsure allowed, 1n chop without some partorit on and ap pintat rate: 119 interpelu popripi tot 184poti sliphi viisip nihitis wibjoer. He believed any attrinpit' to olistruer the passing this hill formar parebit injure 110 person' hut Wimsrif; wliilst the intempranise of wonla kit it'should succeedy be fatal to the tranquillity of tlie couniry. the latter toigh prava irartfull tå tinget whmin it as his duty to protect. Fear!) I), a utore it was rurriand willing i Hvisione...!!

L M T. V11.son, expressed his sentiments in Tavour of the bill, because Wednesday, June 29. ;!.."

Tit iruded to progret the work well against tours colors; and wg wra e uli 1110 Hente presented a petition from Willian Sppucer Norlon, probe worse riiemming to themselves than Wipy, would be, if they were perdit, portalim of the Free Press,' a weekly newspaper published ul Glasgow, ! led to'ebeck wud control their employers as they had regenyy codeargued

to do. If they compelled the masters to withdraw theic capital, by such | hiul--for they kurw that to be contrary to luw-hut they insulted lion by unlawful proceedings, it would destroy the commerce of the country, and every means in their power. Snch 'scenes, if not checked, must preoconsequently draw down ruin on themselves.

tually lead to bloodshed, and therefore the present clause was absolutely Mr. Home insisted that he bad sta'ed nothing but the truth, and in necessary.. spite of the absurd dogma on this subjeet, he would maintain that truth! The awendenent was then agreed to. . was no libel. In every instance the masters were protected, and in every

SPRING GUNS BILL. instance the interests of the men were neglected. They were told that

On the third reading of the Spring-Guns bill, the common law was abrogaled. Now, the country was suffering under

Mr. N. W. R. COLBORNB proposed a clausp to render it illegal to set a delusion on that point. The common law was siill in forcell was spring guns. hy day. After a short conversation, the elause was virgionly inaperative with reference to peaceable inertings of work men who lived without a division. -Lord BINNING proposed that gardens should might assemble to regulate the rate of wages ; but it was perfecily in l be exempted from the operation of this bill -A divisinı took place on the force where threats, intimidation, or violence occurred The great ohject Noble Lord's proposition, when the nomber's werp-Foy it, 26 - Against in view appeared to be to prevent the work men from exercising any it, 35 – Majority.9.-While strangers were excluded, the following words judgment in matters of wages; than which a more absord doctrine canta | were ordered to be inserted in the hill: -" Or any open or muclosed not be advanced. By a syin mary process, the master had an opportunity ground, not being a garden or orchard."- Mr. TENNYSON said, that the of sending a workoran for three mowbs to the trend will provision is bill was so altered since lie had introduced it, he would not support it's which he could never consent, unless the workmen enjoyed an equal pro

Third reading -On the question that the bill do pass, the numbers were . tection. He denied that there was any necessily for this additional | For the bill, 31 Against it, 32-Majority of one against the bill. . legislation. The country did not require it.

Thursday, June 30. Mr. Peki, did not ask the House to strengthen the hands of the Govern

DR. FREE. ment; neither did he care for the masters to the exclusion of any other l Mr. PEEL, in answer to some observations made on a former night reset of men ; but le w ed the House to pass some Act which should lative to this Rev. Gentleman, stated, that he had desired the King's effectually resist ile 1 wless proceedings of those whon had associated for

Proctor, to report 10. him the progress of the proceedings in question; and the most anjostifiable pourposes which should protect the poor and de that officer liad instructed him, that in conequence of an application fenceless, but industrious inan, froin becomin the victim of combinations, inade to the Court of Kings Bench, the proceedings at Doctor's Coinwhich sought by every species of cruel vaxanion to prevent him frosne

inons were necessarily relarded for the present; but, as it was likely Iliac availing liimself of that employment which they themselves declined.

the in-lie to be cried in the King's Bench would come on at the ensuing (Hear!)

sessions, it was most probable the cause would be discussed in the Eccle. Mr. Hume expressed his surprise, that those who advocated the prin.

siastical Couri che beginning of next lerm. He was further informed ciples of, free trade could bring themselves to vote for elvis bill, the object

that in the mean time no step which the proctor could take would exof which was to reduce the rate of wages. Low wages tended to degrade

pedite the hearing. di 'the labourer. It was the high wages which the English artisan received,

PERSECUTION--MR. CANLILE. contrasted will those received by the Irishi arrison, which made the forores

* Mr. BROUGHAM“ presented a petition from Richard Carlile, who had so superior io en-sgy and independence. He protested against the

been sentenced 10 three years' imprisonment and a fine of 1000L. for lav. power given to Magistrates to punish men for what was called molesting

ing published a rontroversial work on religion. Mr. Carlite Brgled, a nong their follow workmenl. lle could not define molestation.

other things, that he had now been confined nearly siz - year, in conta

Any Aci, however innocent, inight be considered molestation. The House, per

quence of luis,inability to pay elie fiue and expenses, that he had lost all haps, mighi consider vlial lie was molesting them at that moment. (Loud

his properly, and bad suffered greatly otherwisis.-MrBronghain said, cries of hear!'') The Hon. Gentleman sat down by declaring his "in

I he did not partake of the opinions of the Perilinwer: but he most heartity

wishes he could indice Geutlerhen to coneur with him in thinking, that tention to sexist the bill with his utinost podanvours through pvery singe.'. The House tben divided, when the numbers were-For receiving the

it was no offence by the law of the land to hold ceriai religious opinions

which were at variance with those w ally received, audibierno man was Röport, 56 Against it, 2.

to be blamed or praised for the opinions he held, let them be whatever Mr. Jones proposed that a power of appeal to the Quarter Sessions, in

they mighi. If a man were an atheist, a deint, or a professor of any similar cases of conviction, should he added to the bill. "

opinions, his peculiar notions were not his crime, but his misforume. The ATTORNEY General said that he was disposed to introduce a clause

But here tlie distinction was to be taken: he was not to pribli li' such to that effect on the third reading.

teneis, in oppo-ilion 10 those recognized by the law, in an indecent Sir R. Wuson strongly reprobated the use of the indefinite term

imanner; for it was in that mode of promulgation that the offence against ** molest" in the bill.

The law consisted. The inore saised the subject, the greater was a man's Mr. Pber, in addition to be clanse of appeal, was willing to agree to

right to entertain his own opinions upon it, however peruliar in theme two farther amendments- limitation of the rime within which charges

welves. This principle was to be extended even to the Hiheist. If there must be brought; and a second limitation of the powrs of confining con was such a person as an atheist, he (Mr. Broirghain) looked at him.wuh to macious witnesses, to the period for which the offender ag-inst whom pity ; but he would not visit him with punishment. The petition was they refused to give evidence, if convicted, could be confised. For the

ed, could be confined.. For the ordered to be printed. word “ wolest," it was one accustomed to be used from the days of

COMBINATION BILL. Charles II and po other term would serve to prevent the practices which This bill having been read a third time, the ATTORNEY-GENERAT proit was the object of the bill to put down

posed the alterations he had before alluded 10 ; which were agreed 10. In reply to a question from Mr. HophOUSE, the ATTORNEY GENERAL | Some other amendments were also made, one of which gave cools to a informed the House, that he intended to introduce two words into one of successful appellant.-Mr. HUME observed, that all these ainendin. llls the clausos, which would make the bill apply to combinations of the inas I had greatly mitigaled his objections to the hill, but lie still oljected to ters to reduce the rote of wages, as well as to combinations of the men to the word · molestiny" as tno vagte for salmary legislalion, and moved teerire it: ? - *--..

its omission. This motion was however notrived.-Mr. Hlume said, he Sir F. Bordert wished to be in forined whether the masters, who in thought the workmen had not fair play, and he hoped the House would muny cases were the Magistrates, were to be liable to the same sommary | not shut its ears to their complaints, and that they would refrain froin jurisdiction with the men? It was bad to send the men to the trend-nill intimidation or violence on all occasions.- Mr. PEEL denied that the for such offences, but it would be still worse to send the Magistrales workinen had been unfairly treated, and hoped thatchey would no longer there.

disgrace ihemselves by those abominable combinations against the freeMr. Peel replied, that the conviction would take place before the Madom of their masters and fellow-workmen.- The bill was read a third gistrales, and if the sentence appeared too severe, the right of appeal from time and passed. it was reserved to all parties.

. INSOLVENT DEBTORS. ', The report was theu agreed in, and on the amendinent which makes it - Mr. Peet brought in a bill for enabling the Inenlvent Dehiors Court a misdemeanor" to inolest or any way obstruct " any workinag not join to dispense for a limited time with the necessity of prisoners' rexiding ing in a combination, Mr. Home repeated his objection, declaring that wiibin the walls in certain cases ---The opetation of this bitt' was to be nothing could be more vague than the terms“ molestation and obstruc- limited to the next meeting of Parliament. It was read a first and tion."

| second time, without opposition. : Mr. DENMAN contended, that the words « molest or in any way ob

Eriday, July 1.. ! struct " were not found in any statuies, except those relating to the

DECCAN PRIZE-MONEY. revrnue, einstituting-a inisdemeanour! On a misdemeanour so vaguely

Some 'conversation took place on the subject of the Deccan Prizeb defined, no Court could ever pass sentence. Besides, louks. and ob.

money.--The CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER declared that much noxious gestures ought not to be interpreted into crimes.

obloquy had been thrown on the condition of the Duke of Wellinutou e • The ATTORNEY GENERAL contended that the words were sufficiently while Ýr. LUSHINGTON maintained ilial llie bi-linviour of ile Drike and precise for the purposes of legislation. They were found in more than Mr. Arbuthnot had been most mprecedented, and if they did not twenty acts on which the Judges were acting every day. ' The men retract, the greatest'injustice would be done to the captors. Soine sharp surrounded ihe shops of their masters, and when any workmen left it who words were exchanged between Sir H. HARDINGE and Mr. BROUGAAN. did not belong to their confederation, they did not assault or threaten the former attacking and the latter defending the lawyersi Mr. Bi said, that the love of lawyers for litigation was a vulgar, grøss, and every- NAND VII, they have taken erery occasion to insult the Representative day charge."'--(Loud cries of Ilear, hear!). .

of Portugal. Happily the career of this King of shreds and patches SPAIN.

seem likely to be clogged into an absolute cessation; all his scheines To nome questions put by Mr. BROUGRAN about Spain,-Mr. CANNING

too obtain a loan either in this or any other country having failed. replied, that Government had received the strongest assurances, both His agents here have been profuse in their offers to the monied men from France and Spain, that the evacuation of that country by the troops

PS in the City, that the king their master would take in the Bonds of of olie foriner would lake place at the earliest possible period. France, he said, had now 20,000 men in Spain; but 10.000 would be withdrawn

the Cortes at a high rate; but the answer was peremptory_“Recog. in April next; and lie (Mr. C. load no doubt on the subject.

nize the old Bends, pay the dividends, and then come forward for a The House adjourned till Tuesday.

loan." The affairs of the Court of Madrid are indeed desperate; the

persons attached to the Paiace, the Ministers, the Army, are all in FROM THE LONDON GAZETTES.

great arrears, and there is not money in the Treasury to pay the Tuesday, June 28.

King's excursion of ten miles. If the French armies were withdrauen,

the consequence might be easily anticipated. Indeed, it would be BANKRUPTCY SUPERSEDED. C. Jonell, Chalford, Gloucestershire, clothier.

libelling human nature to suppose that affairs can long be adminis

tered under auspices so revolting at once both to reason and buBANKRUPTS. J. Jarvis, Broinpion, Kent, tailor. Solicitors, Messrs. Lowc and Son,

manity. Southampton buildings, Chancery.lane.

We thought, from the beginning of this outcry about the Chancery J. Wisdom, Uckfield, Sussex, grocer. Solicitor, Mr. Hindmarsh, Jewin

Court, that Lord ELDON would not hold out long without wincing ; street, Cripplegate.

and accordingly, the two last weeks have exhibited him whining and J. Marshall, Birmingham, viclualler. Solicitors, Messrs. Hemming and out of temper in a manner which argues anything but conscious Baxler, Gray's lun place.

rectitude and dignity. One day he tells the Peers, that if they wish E. Winder, Manchester, tailor. Solicitors, Messrs. Hurd and Johnson, to abolish the Chancery, they had better send him to the Old Bailey Temple.

to be hanged! Another, he complains that bis emoluments have Saturday, July 2.

been grossly misrepresented, and that he does not get so much, as BANKRUPTS.

Chancellor, as his practice at the bar used to produce him. (He is W. W. Dennis, Billericay, Essex, buicher. Solicitor, Mr. Barber,

very cautious of coming to the point as to the actual total which Chaneery-lane. E. Wall, Hastings, Sussex, shoe-maker. Solicitors, Messrs. Osbaldeston

John Lord ELDON receives from all his appointments, though a main and Murray, London-street, Fenchurch-street.

charge against him is that of holding incompatible offices for the sake M. Hime, Liverpool, auctioneer. Solicitor, Mr. Chester, Staple-inn.

of the pay). A third time, he complains very dolefully of inisrepresenJ. Purser, Bowyer-lane, Camberwell, dyer. Solicitors, Messrs. Kirkmantation and calumny, tells Lord GROSVEsor he is sure he has not delayed nud Rutherford, Cannon-street.

his cases in Chancery-(what an eloquent exception !)-and declares,

with a ludicrous mixture of spleen and wilfulness, ibat although he would THE FUNDS.-The proceedings both in the Home and Forrign Markets have resigned long ago, had “justice been done him," he will cling during the past week, bave been exceedingly heavy, and. Consols have to office now merely to thwart his enemies! We take all this weaklasterly Buciunied a trade downward. The reitling in the Foreign Stocksness and passion to be unequivocal evidence of an uneasy anticipation and Shares on Friday, passed off without default; and generally speak- of exposure from the pending investigation. There are two questions ing, there is little alteration excepe in Greek Scrip, whieh has declined connected with his personal conduct as Chancellor: one is, whether in consequence of the recent unceriain and unfavourable reports. Latest

he does not, by his dilatory and indecisive habits, and owing to his quotations :

other occupations, adu grierously to the delays and abuses of the Roduced, 9044 Consols for Account, 9111

system; the other, whether he has not neglected his duty, as an intia5. per Conto. 98! PRICES OF FOREIGN STOCKS YESTERDAY.

ential member of the Legislative and Executive Bodies, in allowing the Colombian (1824) 891 | Russian Bonds (1822) 96

continuance of the shocking evils under his immediate observation as Ditto Account, 884 Spanish Consols, 22 11

a Judge, not only without attempting to remedy them, but actually Moxican Bonds, 75 11 5 ex. dir.

Ditto Account, 213

opposing and terrifying others who did so attempt? These questions (Tur EXAMINER.-T'he delivery of this paper, laxt Sunday, was extremely late,

will be discussed by Parliament and the nation, however much the owing to a mi calculation of the width of the cylinder of Messrs. WRITING and

Commissioners may attempt to blink them; and all Lord Eldor's BRANSTOS's pew Steam Press, and not, as stated, in consequence of an aceident to the machinery. We have reason to believe, that, in future, the papers will not only be issued in very good time, but that they will be printed in a manner which must give entire satisfaction to our readers.)

The passage of the new Bill regarding Combinations through the

House of Commons, has elicited a great deal of strong language both THE EXAMINER.

for and against it. We are not among those who condemn Messrs. Hune and HOBHOUSE for their vehement opposition to the bill : on

the contrary, we think it not only reflects honour on their disinterested LONDON, JULY 3, 1825.

zeal in behalf of a body 110t represented in Parliament, but bas really

done great good. Two important amendments have (owing, we feel The Foreign arrivals of the past week have not proved altogether confident, to their strenuous exertions) been introduced into the barren of interesting intelligence, although they bring nothing which measure;- the giving the power of appeal to persons convicted before is materially novel. From Greece, the news renrains as vague and a magistrate, and the extension of its operation to masters as well as uncertain as ever; lut, generally speaking, it is evident that on both workmen. sides the recent advantages respectively obtained have been much ! Without imputing to Ministers any design to oppress the labouring exaggerated. It must be however conlessed, that the present aspect artisans and manufactorers, we conceive that they have a bias, arising of the campaign is sufficiently formidable to the Greeks, who confi- from station and habits of thinking, in favour of the employers. We dently trust to their stars, and rest with confilence on ultimate think Mr. llware has reason to complain of the course adopted by success.--The Commercial Treaty between Great Britain'and Colom- | Parliament. Nir. Peel candidly admits, that the Act of last year did bia has been received and made public this week. It closely resem-not increase combinations and acts of violence among the workmen. bles the similar Treaty with the United Provinces of La Plata, with That admission seems to us a strong argument in its favour; first, one additional article in reference to what, for a certain time, shall because something was to be apprehended from a mistaken feeling be deemed Colombian-built vessels. From Portugal also we learn among the journeymen as to the licence allowed them by that Act; that a great reduction has taken place in the export duty on wines, secondly, because time would be certain 10 correct their error: thirdly, which it is presumed must inake a further reduction of the prices of because a fresh cause of discontent and combination has arisen since Port and Madeira in this country. There is atso :i greater facility the passing of the Act, in the enhanced price of the necessaries of life; given to the import of goods into Portugal, which must have the same fourthly, because the Act was acceptable to the body of the workmen, Tendency. It is satisfictory to perceive, that the adoption of a nese tended to restore kind feelings between them and their masters, and liberal commercial policy in this country is beginning to operate has had the effect on the majority of making them peacefal and con. upon the conviction of the statesmen of other nations, By the way, tent; and tisthly, because the repression of violence on the part the comparative moderation and good sense displayed by the Portuguese of the combiners against their dissentiént fellow-labourers (the Government, have so offended the precious junto around King FERDI| sole proper object of legislatiye interference) was provided for by Mr,


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