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YOUNG MR. JEFFERSON, of Lyon's Inn; containing The Proselyt, This elegant work contains delineations of the more noble animals, engraved

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London: printed by Jonn HUNT, in Broad street, Golden square, and pablak Printed for Hunt and Clarke, Tavistook street, Covent garden.

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No. 913. MONDAY, AUG. 1, 1825.

THE POLITICAL EXAMINER.. ought to have begun. . Like the heads of the fabled Hydra, your doubts

accumulate in exact proportion to the attempts that are made to Party is the madness of many for the pain of a few.-Pore.

- remove them: and truly, my Lord, it was painful to observe the

curious felicity with which you gathered difficulties at every step, and

laboured in the work of self-confusion. It is your misfortune that TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE THE EARL OF ELDON.*

such conduct should awaken in ungenerous minds a tendency to MY LORD, When I pronounce you to be a man of consummate

suspicion and mistrust. When the doubts and scruples which affect skill and of the highest legal attainments, I do no more than echo the

your mind are observed to operate exclusively to the advantage of one general voice of the country. A long and almost uninterrupted habit |

I parly, the other will naturally infer that you are labouring under the of attending the proceedings in your Court has furnished me with

impression of oblique feeling.or partiality. My Lord, I will never repeated opportunities of admiring your extraordinary qualifications, I believe it. In a man of less unsullied character, we should doubtless and I have borne willing testimony to the impartiality of your conduct,

suspect some secret bias, some sinister influence, as unworthy of a the depth of your research, and the wisdom of your decisions. Without

liberal and enlightened mind, as subversive of every principle of real any portien of that enlarged philosophical genius, which “ grasps the

and substantial justice. But in you; my Lord, whose purity of conessences of things,” your Lordship possesses other qualities of high prac

science is proverbial, who never ventured an'opinion without shedding tical value: and perhaps in all the niceties of the analytical process, the

tears, nor ever pronounced a decision without a solemn appeal to subtleties and refinements of scholastic ingenuity, as well as in the

Heaven-in you the inošt unfavourable appearances will admit of no more useful department of patient and laborious investigation, sober

dishonourable construction : and if by one fatal decree our best hopes judgment, and accurate knowledge of precedent, you stand without a

are blasted for ever, we are doomed to bow in silent acquiescence, rival. Yet you are neither infallible, like the Pope ; nor, like the

without one feeling to console us but that of poor TURNUS-Enea King, incapable of doing wrong; and in your judicial capacity it will

magni dertrá cadis!... be ro heresy to affirm, that you are vested with a discretionary power My Lord, the conduct of an upright man is uniform and simple. for the benefit of the people. Individuals whom you judge, and the His actions are open and undisguised, as his heart is void of artifice public whom you serve, have an undoubted right to examine your and deceit. He betrays no overweening anxiety to secure the esteem conduct with freedom and impartiality. In justice to them both, I of his fellow creatures, for he is conscious that he deserves it. In the had selected a few cases, wherein your departure from established discharge of the various duties belonging to his station, he pursues a principles appeared more prominent and conspicuous. The discussion

course at once dignified and consistent, equally remote from the of these will probably be the employment of a future hour. At present

blustering arrogance of a bully; and “the thining piety of a MethoI would briefly advert to one which came more immediately within

| dist.” . Should it be his lot to dispense justice to his fellow subjects, my own observation. Your Lordship may perhaps hardly recollector to advise lus Sovereign in the closet, he regards the high charge as the particulars of a case which was argued in your Court in the early

the early a sacred trust confided to him for the benefit of mankind. As a Judge, part of December 1821. Without the slightest intention of impeaching he administers the laws with candour and impartiality, but without your integrity, or questioning the purity of your motives, there was that squeamish delicacy, that love of interminable doubt and delay, something in your Lordship's mode of handling that question, which

which destroys the substance while it preserves the forms of equity, gave it an importance in my eyes it would otherwise never have ac

and converts the very fountain of justice into a source of tyranny and quired. Indifferent at first, I listened with growing attention ; for

oppression. As a Minister, his conduct is marked by a firm, honest, your conduct excited my surprise, and I was anxious to reconcile it

manly avowal of his sentiments, incapable of yielding to the turbuwith our received notions of honest and impartial dealing. Your lence of faction on the one hand, or to a system of courtly temporizing antipathy to new projects is upon record, my Lord; and though we

policy on the other. Should it be the will of Providence to protract cannot suppose that it affects the integrity of your judgment, it may his days beyond the usual period allotted to man, he receives the boon easily operate upon the delicacy of your nerves.t I shall not be told with gratitude, but without any wish to render it subservient to the of appeals to the llouse of Lords.' Your Lordship understands the furtherance of low and selfish projects. He feels the hand of apnature of appeals. You know with what feelings of delicacy a grave proaching decay, and is anxious to devote the last period of life to and deliberate decree of Lord Eldon's is reviewed by that branch of

is reviewed by that branch of meditation and retirement. He reflects that age operates on the mind the Legislature of which you are the highest judicial member; and I like disease on the body, impairs the whole system, and renders itwhen you remind us of a great constitutional remedy, you in effectuofit for the exercise of those functions which are suited to the strength compliment the purity of your own character. Ņo, my Lord, the land vigour of manhood. Neither the love of power, nor mere sordid goestion is in your hands: there we are content to leave it; and

acarice, can tempt him to retain the emoluments, while he is unequal without presuming to censure your conduct, we would merely regard

to the duties of his station. He retires to the bosom of domestic tas matter of curious speculation. Making every allowance for that

repose, and deems it no disgrace to abandon a post, the duties of cimid vacillating disposition, which you so pathetically deplore as a which be can no longer discharge with satisfaction to the public, or constitutional infirmity, I am still at a loss to comprehend by what with credit to himself.. Etrange process of ductility you could have spun out these rery simple

" Solve senescentem maturè sanus..., ne materials to eleven different hearings, and ended at last where you

. Peccet ad extremuin ridendus.

A. B. * Our Correspondent evidently thinks more than he can reconcile it

SPECULATION-MANIA. with the scrupulous decorum of his tone to say. He is a bit of a banterer; We present to the public a third list of rew schemes for the em ont so uniform is the gravity of his style, that sometimes we hardly know olovment of surplus capital.” The reader will perceive, that these whether he speaks ironically or literally.--EXAMINER. + The Defendant had projected a new line of tram road for the con

latter, as might be expected, cut but a small figure as compared with reyance of his coal through a mountainous tract of country, and in proof

the former lists; and the projectors, we suspect, find they cut a still r'ils necessity presented a rough sketch of his plan for the inspection of

smaller in regard to the premium obtained for them in the market. he Court. No doubt his Lordship is an excellent collier; but alas! it Several, after being regularly “ brought out," as the phrase is-that

as never been his lot to roam amid “the Welsh mountains high." | is, the shares distributed, and deposits paid on them-have wholly Tixing his eyes on an old parish road, which in days of yore had gal disappeared, much after the fashion of the Grand Aëronautical Lunaantly fought its way o'er crag and dell, and clambered along with sin- rian Swinesbearing Association, so accurately described in the Lonular pertinacity nearly in a straight direction, he inquired with much don Magazine for February. The“ manner of it," we understand, is livelé, why the proposed tram road might not have been made with as this:- The « respectable Directors“ bring out ” their hopeful izle deviation. The answer was obvious; but mark his Lordship's eply :- If his Majesty's subjects can travel that road, it may surely answer

scheme, before a quarter or half the shares are bona fidé subscribed e purpose of a tram road for the conveyance of coal! If to the simplicity

for; they wait patiently for a few days, until the actual subscribers this remark be added the tone of peevish imbecility with which it have paid their 1, 2, 3, or 5 pourds per share, into the hands of the as uttered, the reader will not be surprised that it should have raised a Company's bankers; they then pour out some thousands of unapproa mile on the gravest phix in Court.

| priated shares upon the market; the shares fall to a heavy discounnst


£100,000 adulteration; but we





a second deposit is called for; the panic-struck shareholders gene- and bread, so complete and convincing, that incredulity has no longer rally refuse to risk any farther payment; their shares “become for-a pretext behind which to shelter itself, and the public has with one seited to the Company,according to the agrcement; the very, few rash accord cried out “ shame!" on the offenders. This has gratified us persons who did pay the second instalment, are repaid in full; the for many reasons, hut chiefly because the evil, though of frightful solicitors, clerks, &c. are paid ; and the very respectable Directors magnitude, is one which will be corrected as soon as the public attendivide the remainder, and make "an orderly retreat” in perfect safety!] tion is sufficiently awake to it. Something may be done by a new

e Capital. | Act of Parliament': there are already statutes imposing penalties on The National Stud ...........................

adulteration; but we do not think that any, or at least a sufficient, South American Company for Agricultural and other purposes 1,000,000

| inducement is held out to the informer. It has been well asked, why, South American and Colonial Steain Navigation Company, 600,000 British Philotechnic Society ........

since brewers are forbidden to keep certain drugs on their premises, New Albion Gas Light Company .....


should not millers and bakers be prohibited from keeping Derbyshire Tywarnhale Mining Association...


white, ground bones, plaster of Paris, and other filthy stuff,* the only Goonearl Mining Company (Cornish)

50,000 use they can make of which is adulterative! If a sharp penalty were Economic Meat Association ...

100,000 | levied on every baker and miller who was proved to possess such London and Boulogne Steam Packet Company.

atrocious compounds, and the whole amount given to the informer, Manganese Mining Company ..........

adulteration would become a difficult, instead of being, as it now is, Telegraph Company..............

200,000 an easy matter. The journeymen themselves, who we understand are Guanaxuato Miding Associatjoo.....


a hard-worked and ill-paid class of labourers, would give information, London Paving Company .......

100,000 because the reluctance arising from the odium attached to the name General Dyeing Company ...... County Gas Association ............

of an informer, would be counteracted by the credit obtained for

100,000 Lower Rhine Steain Navigation Company.

doing essential service to the community by the exposure. :

100,000 Castello and Espirito Santo Brazil Association

The effectual remedy for the evil is, however, an establishment 1,000,000

| which would supply the public with genuine flour and bread, and Farnatina Mining Company...... British Paper-making Company .....


thereby enable all consumers to detect (as the dullest palate can easily Cobalt and Copper Mining Company...

do) the bad article by comparison with the good;--a comparison London Smelting Company ...........

which at present the immense majority of the consumers of bread in Imperial Mining Company ..........

30,000 the metropolis never have had the opportunity of making. For this Stearn Engine and Machinery Company ................ 300,000 reason we congratulate our fellow-citizens on the formation of the London Gold and Silver Refining Plate and Bollion Company

500,000 new Flour Company, which has already possessed itself of depots Tyne and Were Coal and Ashes Company................ 300,000 and mills in actual trade, both in Ireland and near London, and conLondon and Dieppe Steam Packet Company .............. 150,000

sequently is about to bring its commodities to market forthwith. We American Smelting Association ........................ 500,000

speak with less hesitation on this topic, because, without placing the Patent Ronan Brick and Tile Company

125,000 Savaunab Company.................................

slightest dependence on mere professions and showy prospectuses, we Imperial Swedish Iron Company .......................


know it is the INTEREST of the new Company to sell unadulterated Imperial Foreign Wine Company ....


flour. In the present state of public feeling, it is sure to succeed and London and Bourdeaux Steam Navigation Couspany........

become wealthy, if its dealings are honest; and we shall not certainly Polbreen Tin and Copper Mine ...


be accused of too great a reliance on the virtue of traders, if we say, Teigngrace Fire and Water-proof Brick Company ........

250,000 that wiib such a motive they will be honest. The Directors have a Anglo Swedish Mining Company .....

800,000 golden opportunity, arising out of the resent exposure before the London Irish Provision Company....

100,000 | Lord Mayor; and they seem to know how to make the best of it. British and Foreign Tobacco and Snuff Manufacturing Comp.

They have announced, that they will employ in their establishments · Wlreal Prosper aud Trevaroo Consolidated Tin, and Copper

such servants only as have previously made affidavit that they will Mines Asspeiation................


be concerned in no adulteration whatever; and that, in order to Imperial Estate Company ..........


guard against the tamperings of retailers, they will open in London General Foreign and Home Shipping and Clearing Company City of London Coal Company .........

depols where individuals may be supplied with as little as a single London University ........

sack of fiour. If another company would now come forward to un

300,000 Limerick and Liverpool Steain Navigation Company

dertake the buking of bread, the ihing would be complete. Tnat, United Loudon aud Hibernian Corn and Flour Company ... 500,000

however, will soon follow the success of the Flour Company; orOstend Steain Boat Compony

what is quite as good-many bakers, we have no doubt, will find it London, Lisbon, aud Cadiz Sirain Navigation Company .... 150,000 their interest to deal with the Company, to discard all the bone and Foxey and Padstow Ship Canal ........

450,000 l plaster filth, to sell sweet and wholesome bread, and to make it lenown London, Aruudel Bay, and Portsmouth Graud Ship Canal

thut they do so : they will assuredly be encouraged by every houseCompany ..................

{ 4,000,000

keeper who consults either his palate or bis health, and will give himHavanna Company ...........

125,000 self the trouble to compare a good with a bad article of food. British Lead Company ...........

300,000! We despise the senseless cant, that it is unfair to raise a prejudice London and Havre de Grace Steam Packet Compan

100 Baltic Sieain Packet Company .......

against a large body of tradesmen. The fact of the general adulie

100,000 Paddingtou Subscription Coaches ...

ration is too notorious to be denied; but this notoriety can injure no

50,000 Gweonappe Tin and Copper Company ....

honest miller or baker. A customer who is satisfied that be is honestly

130,000 North Sea and Baltic Steam Navigation Company


supplied-or we should rather say, 'who does not know that he is London and Irislı Steam Packet Company .....


cheated--will have no motive to change, although he may be wise Metropolitan United Company for Cleansing and Re-finishing ?

enough to make a trial and comparison : acquaintance, convenience Manchester and other goods, &c. ..........

80,000 as to neighbourhood, &c. are all opposed to change-too much so London and Hamborgh Sicam Navigation and Trading Comp. 50,000 perhaps generally, when health is concerned; and nothing but a conLondon and Antwerp Steaw Navigation Company....

viction that he is unfairly dealt with will induce a purchaser to leave Netherland Steam Boat Conipazy ......

his miller or baker. If the Company act' up to their engagements, Scottish National Mining Company .............

500,000 they will and ought to succeed: if they do not, the projectors will

only reap loss and disgrace. We know very well what would be the ADULTERATION OF FLOUR.

consequence of their success--not that the whole flour trade would In the remarks which we took'occasion to make some months ago pass from the hands of individuals into those of companies (as some regarding the adulterations practised by the millers and bakers in the interested or silly people cry out) but that the practices of the trade principal article of our food, many persons considered our statements of the extent of the evil overcharged. The facts given in evidence at

* It appears from the statement of Mr. Clarke, that tbe worst of ile the Mansion-house, tlie other day, will now set us right, and show

ingredients described are used by the pastry.cooks, and in the largest that we rather understated the mischief than the reverse.

quantities, pastry disguising the better than bread, owing to its sueilA genile

ness, the fruit and custard mixed with ii, &c. The publicity given to man holding a public situation as a chemist, and employed by the this fact will, we bope, have the good effect of protecting people of delt, Government io detect the frauds of corp-factors, &c. has made openly cate stomachs against the manifold temptations of ilie, sou feerioders Sad fearlessly, before a legal tribunal, an exposition of the foul cata- shops, the contents of which, even when made of the best and purest

ae of poisonous ingredients used by the adulterators of our flour ingredients, are by no means harmless to the strongest digestions.


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would be reformed, and a miller could not succeed unless by dealing upon him, but caught only by the dewlap and the mane. With a single in a genuine commodity.';,

effort, he shook them off, without attempting to return the attack. He We hear that the gentlemen in Mark-lane are in a terrible ferment, then flew from side to side of the cage, endeavouring to get away, but and threaten like Ancient Pistol to “horribly avenge" themselves on

in the next moinent the assailants were upon him again, and the brown the new company. Some talk anew of the burning of the Albion mills

dog, Turk, seized him by the nose, while the two others fastened at the many years ago, and affect to jest about the

same time on the fleshy part of his lips and under jaw. The lion then

fine blaze”, that will roared dreadfully, but evidently only from the pain he guffered not at again appear soon on the banks of the Thames. Poor rogues ! they all from anger. As the dogs hoing to his throat and head, he pawed them forget that their « vengeance” can injure the insurance offices only; off by sheer strength"; and in doing this, and rolling upon them, did ihrem and that a couple of extra watchmen' at night would enable the Com-considerable mischief; but it amounts to a most curious fact, that he pany to laugh at all their empty bluster. We are convinced, that the never once:bit, or attempted to bite, during the whole contest, or seemed late exposure will be as beneficial to all honest millers and bakers, as to have any desire to retaliate any

to láve any desire to retaliate any of the punishment which was inflicted it will be injurious to the dishonest ones.

apon him. When he was first pinned, for instance (to use the phra.

seology of the bear-garden), the dogs hung to him for more than a THE LION FIGHT AT WARWICK, , . i ,

minute, and were drawn, holding to his nose and lips, several times , ,! [From the Times.), +, it by

round the ring. After a short time, roaring tremendously, he'tóre them This disgusting exhibition of brutality took place, at a late bour on

off with his claws; mauling two a good deal in the operation; 'but still Tuesday evening, at: Warwick. The show was got up in an extensive

not attempting afterwards to act on the offensive. After about five enclosure, ealled the Old Factory Yard," on the road towards North

minutes' figliting, the fallow-coloured dog was taken away-lame, and amplon; and the cage in which the fight took place stood in the centre

apparently much distressed, and the remaining two continued the comof a hollow square, formed on two sides by ranges of empty workshops,

bat alone-the lion still working only with his paws, as though seeking the windows of which were filted up with planks on barrels, as seats for

to rid himself of a torture, the nature of which he did not well underthe spectators.Huge bills were posted and cireulated in Warwiok and

stand." In two or three minutes more, the second dog, Tiger, being the neighbourhood of Leamington, swearing that the match” was made

dreadfully maimed, crawled out of the cage ; and the brown dog, Turk, for 5,000 sovereigns; but the lie was too monstrous for even rastic cre

which was the lightest of the three, but of admirable courage, went on dolity to swallow. In the course of the morning the dogs were shown),

fighting by himself. A most extraordinary scene then ensued: the dog for the fee of a shilling, at a public house in Warwick, called the

left entirely alone with an animal of twenty times his weight; continned 6 Green Dragon.” Eight had been brought over originally ; but, by a

the battle with unabated fory, and, though bleeding all over from the mistake of locking them up together on the preceding night, they had

effect of the lion's claws, seized and pinned liim by the nose at least half fallea out among themselves, and one had been killed entirely; a second

a dozen times; when at length, releasing himself with a desperate escapiog only with the loss of an ear, and a portion of one cheek! The

effort, the tion Aung his whole weiglet opon the dog, and held binn lying price of admission' demanded in the first instance for the fight seemed to

between his fore 'paws for more than a minute, during which time he have been founded on very gross miscalculation. Three guineas were

could bave bitten bis head off a hundred times over, but did not make asked for seats at the windows in the first, second, and third floors of the

the slightest effort to hurt him. Poor Turk was then taken away by the unoccupied manufactory; two guineas for seats on the fourth floor of this

dog-keepers, grievously mangled, but still alive, and seized the lion for

at least the twentieth time, the very moment that he was released from building ; one guinea for seals at a still more distant point; and half-a- | guinea for standing room in the square. Towards afternoon the deler,

under him.. *

$1 to


1 7 :,**n migation as to" prices" seemed to abate, and it was suspected that, in l. It would be tiresome to go at length into the detail of the “ second the end, the speculator would take whatever prices he could get,

fight," as it was called, which followed this; the undertaking being 10 Wheeler, Mr. Martin's agent, applied to the local authorities to stop the

the assembly-for the notion of match" now began to be too obvious exhibition, but the Mayor, and a Magistrale of the name of Wade, de- |

a humbug to be talked about-that there should be two onsets, at twenty clined interfering, on ihe ground that, under Mr. Martin's present act,

minutes' interval, by three dogs'at each time. When the last dog of the no steps could be lakeu before the act constituting cruelty had been com first set, Turk; was removed, poor Nero's temper was just as good as milled.-Io the mean time, the unfortunate lion lay in a caravan, by

before the affair began. The keeper, Wombwell, went into the cage himself, all day, in front of the cage in which be was to be baited, sur instantly, and alone ; carrying a pan of water, with which he first sluiced veying the preparations for his own annoyance with great simplicity and the animal, and then offered him some to drink. After a few minutes apparent good bumour; and not at all discomfited by the notice of the the lion lay down, rubbing the parts of his head which had been lorn (as numerous persons who came to look at him.--The dogs disappointed a cat would do) with his paw; and presently a pan of fresh water being expectation: They were strong, however, and lively; crossed, appa broughı; he lapped out of it for some moments, while a second keeper rently, the majoriiy of them, between the boll and the mastiff breed; one patted and caressed him through the iron grate. The second combat or two showed a toueli of she lurches a point in the descent of fighting

presented only a repetition of the barbarities cònimítred in the first, exdogs which is held to give an increased capacity of mouth. The average

cept that it completely settled the doubt if any existed -as to a sum of weight of those which fought was from about five-and-thiriy to five-and

money being depending. In throwing water upon the lion, a good deat Torty pounds each.-At about a quarter past seven in the evening, fiom had been thrown upon the stage. This made the floor of course extremely about 400 10 500 persons of different descriptions being assembled, pre

slippery; and so far it was a very absurd blunder "10" commit. But the parations were made for commencing

second set of dogs let'in being heavier than the first, and the lion more TUE COMBAT.

exhausted, he was unable to keep his footing on the wet boards, and fell The dens which contained the animals on show were covered in with

in endeavouring to shake them off, bleeding freely from the nose and shutters; 1he lion's travelling caravan was drawn close to the fighting

head, and evidently in 'a fair way to be seriously injured. The dogs, all cage, so that a door could be opened from one into the other; and the

three, seized him on going in, aud he endeavoured to get rid of them in keeper, Wombwell, then going into the travelling caravan, in which

the same way as before, using his paws, and not thinking of fighting, but another man bad been already staying with the lion for some time, the

not with the same success. He fell now, and showed symptoms of weakanimal followed him into the cage as lamely as a Newfoundland dog.

ness, upon which the dogs were taken away.' This termination, howThe whole demeanour of the beast, indeed, was so quiet and generous,

ever, did not please the crowd, who cried out loudly that the dogs were that, at his first appearance, it became very much doubled whether he

not beaten. Some confusion then followed; after which the dogs were would attempt to fight at all. While the mulutude shouted, and the again put in, and again seized the lion, who by this time, as well as dogs were yelling in the ground below, he walked up and down his cage

bleeding freely from the head, appeared to have got a hurt in one of his --Wombwell still remaining in il-with the most perfect composure, not

nofore-feet. At length, the danger of mischief becoming pressing, and the at all angered, or even excited,'but looking with apparent great curio- two divisions of the second combat having lasted about five minutes, Mr. sity at his new dwelling and the objects generally about him; and there

Wombwell announced that he gave up on the part of the lion; and the

r can hardly be a question, that, during the whole contest, glich as it exhibition was declared to be at an end. turned out, any one of the keepers Inight have remained close to him

*FURTHER PARTICULARS. with entire safety. ..

The first struggle between the lion and lus assailants lasted about Wambwell, however, having quitted the cage, the first relay of dogs 11 minutes; and the last something less than five; but the affair altowas laid on. These were a fallow.coloured dog, a brown with white gether wanted even the savage interest which generally belonus to 'a legs, and a third brown altogether; averaging about 40lb, in weight common bull or bear bait. For, from the beginning of the matter to the a-piece, and described, in the printed papers which were distributed, by end, the lion was merely a sofferer-he never struck a blow. The only the names of Captain, Tiger, and Turk. As the dows were hold for a picturesque point which could present itself in such a contest would minute in slips, upon the inclined plane which ran from the ground to have been, the seeing an animal like the lion in a high state of fury and the stage, she lion crouched on his belly to receive thein ; but with so excitation ; but before the battle began, we felt assured that no such perfect an absence of anything like ferocity, that many persons were of event would take place : because the animal in question had not merely opiniop lte rather was disposed to play ; at all events, the next moment been bred up in such a manner as would yo far to extinguish all natural showed clearly that the idea of fighting or doing mischief to any living disposition to ferocity, but the greatest pams had been taken to render creature-never had occurred to him..

him tame, and gentle, and submissive. Woinderela tlackerper walked Al the first rush of the dogs which the lion evidently had not ex, about in the cage with the lioviat leastoints inunci'** lvis taxe as he could pected, and did not at all know how to mieetthey all Axed themselves have done with any one of the dogs wing were to be thatched against

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