Imagens das páginas

LIVING IN FRANCE.-Mr. Cobbelt printy in his Register a letter from I BRICK BUILDINGS.- It is not generally known, that brick boitdings, 1 English Lientenant on half pay, who has recenily gone froin Guernsey expand and contract with the atmospherical changes of temperature. A,

reside in France, to his agents in London, containing a very 'minote series of experiments were carried on some years ago, to investigate this ccount of the prices of all the principal articles of food." He dáles froin fact, and the building was found to alter its form as the sun advanced ;

St. Pol de Leon, Lower Brittany," and says, The only thing that even a slight shower of rain produced a sensible effect. As the different nduced me to come here was an excellent college for the two boys. parts of buildings are seldom at ilie same temperature, this continual There are above two thousand boys at college. Every class has its dif- heaving and selling must materially accelerate their decay. erent rooms for study, and different masters to each cláss. The college TEMPORARY ESCAPES FROY MISERY-RICH AND Poor.—Human - a very large place. The masters are priests. The girls also go to the life," says an article in the Edinburgh Review (July 1819) " is subject to unnery to school, where they are taught all kinds of needlework, rends such manifold wretchedness, that all nations have invented a something ig, writing, arithmetic, &c. at a reasonable rate ; and as provisions are liquid or solid, to produce a brief oblivion. Poppies, barley, grasses, emarkably cheap here, you will excuse my giving you a small detail of sugar, pepper, and a thousand other things, have been squeezed, pressed, F. Beef, 21 per Ib. ; mutton or veal are not sold by the pound here ; pounded, and purified, to produce this teinporary happiness. Noblemen, ou may have a fore or hind quarter of mutton, that will weigh from 9 to, and Members of Parliament, have large cellars full of sealed bottles, to 2 or 13 lbs. for from 15 to 35 soiis; that is, from Is. 3. to Is. 511. ; enable them the better to endure the wretchedness of life. The poor man real, from 9d. to 150, a quarter; butler, from 3d. to 5d. per'ib. ; bread, seeks the same end by expending three half-pènice in gin :--but no

large loaf, weighing from 13 to 15 lb. for 10d.; milk remarkably cheap, | moralist can endure the idea of gin." -rought to the house every morning: a large pan for 2d, with cream Rebellion of the Beasts. By a late Fellow of St. John's College, Cam1 an inch thick ; new potatoes 6d. for a Winchester bushel, but you bridge."- This is evidently the prodaction of a very clever and humourous nay have any quantity ; eggs, 2d. per dozen ; fowls, from 5d. to 7d. a writer. The book may be considered as a sort of satirical fable, executed couple; ducks, from 6d. to 9d. a couple ; a roose 10d. ; a turkey three very much in the style of the satires of Dean Swift. The wit iu maay rancs (half-a-crown); and all kinds of fish in abundance, every day; paris closely resembles that of the Dean; but it is also, we are sorry to Fegetables in abundance, of every description; asparagus d. a bundle ; say, sometimes accompanied by much of his grossness. The dedication, artichokes ld, a dozen ; fine cabbages id, a piece ; and every other To any Lord Chancellor," is written in a very lively manner, and vegetable in abundance; fruit plenty and cheap; strawberries, Id. a makes sufficient promises of supple obsequiousness to that Lord Chanquart ; cherries, 3 lbs, a penny; gooseberries, d. per lb.; currants dinto, cellor who shall present the editor with a good fat living. The editor s that is the way they are sold. Spirits, 10d, and is. a bottle ; beer, 3d.; informs us, in his dedication, that the volume he is about to offer to the yder, 23. ; wine from 4d. to 8d. a botile; superior at all prices, up 10 world, was discovered among the papers of a Fellow of St. John's, to . hree francs.

whom he has been appointed executor. We should think they cannot MISSIONARY PRAUDS. In scueral successive Reports of the Society fail, if there be bumour, or the love of it, among men, to produce a very For the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreigo Paris, mention was made goodly amount of assets to the editorial executor.--The Iris. of a school upon the Madras system establislied in a certain settlement CASE OF DOUBT.-The woolsack on which the Chancellor sits is pre. n Newfoundland, called Twillingate, by a Mr. Leigli, a magistrate there, cisely what the name implies, a large bag of wool, covered with red clorb, o whom "an adequale supply of national school-books, slales, &c. was without any kind of back to lean against; and such is the minute respect sent for the purpose." The progress of the school was spoken of; it was paid to ancient customs in the slightest things, that the present Chancellor, . said to be “ well attended," and to have produced a very beneficiala man near eighiy years of age, hesitated more than seven years on the alteration in the conduct and manners of the inhabitants. What is the question, whetlier he should allow a cushion to be brought him, when Fact! No such school ever existed at Troillingate. If Mr. Leigh furnished the sitting was too long and faiiguing.---Lellers on England, by. che materials to the Society for their Report, he must have dreamed of. A. De Staël Holstein.. che school, or written his account under the influence of opium! The LAW or PRIMOGENITURE." Be it as it may (said Dr. Jolinson) the Newfoundland people are ungracious enough also to be dissatisfied with law of primogeniture bias one great advantage : it makes but one fool in he religious teachers appointed them. In 1822, two persons were taken each family!" rom humble stations in the navy, to be turned into Missionaries. One Tre Best CHRONOMETER, The Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty s Mr. Charles Blackman, who came first to the Colony in H.M.S. Sir having advertised a premium of 3001, for the best chronometer, wbich Francis Drake, and who, while rated in the ship's books as an 'Able should be kept at Greenwich for trial, for one year ; thirty-six were sent Boaman, was retained in the capacity of a school-inàster, by his Excel. thither, by the principal chronometer-makers in London, and were kept ency Sir Charles Hamilton, the Governor of Newfoundland, to instructin 1823. It was announced, that if any clironometer varied six seconds, , nis son, a boy of about the age of 11 or 12 years; and who, in the early it could not obtain the prize. At the end of the year, the prize was part of 1822, went to England, wlience in about three months be re. decided to be gained by chroniometer, No, 816, made by Mr. James eurned, clothed in the clerical character. The other is a Mr. William Murray, of Corvhill, whose instrument, on no one month, varied more Bullock, who for several years served as a Midshipman on the New. than one second and eleven hundredth parts of a second. This distinCoundland station, and who went to Eogland in the winter of 1821, and guished artist, who bad the honour of producing the best instrumeut ever returned to the Colony early in the summer of 1822, qualified by the known, is a native of Moffat, in Dumfriesshire. The clirongineler is now appointment of the venerable Society. Two tremendous bops, from the sent out with Captain Parry: The second best chronometer, of which Coek-pit to the Pulpit! We all know what large soms are obtained the variation was about five seconds, was made by Mr. Cathro, a gative annually from the deluded People of England, to support this and other of Dundee. Thus, both the prizes were gained by Scotchmen. Such sanctified Societies ; but if the publication in the Reports of statements perfection was never before aliained, and it justly excited the astonishsuch as we have above exposed be not obtaining money under false ment of all astronomers, and of the Board of Admiralıy.-Glasgow pretences,"--what is?

Mechanics' Magasine. ! We understand that Mr. Holmes, M.P. gained a 20,0001. prize in the ANCIENT EXTRAVAGANCE.--Clodius Æsopus, a Roinan actor, contenta ottery just concluded.--Morning Paper.

porary with Cicero, was much addicted to luxury : according to Pliny A privale letter from Paris states, ibut the notorious Harriette Wilson ihe elder, 'n single dish at his table, composed of the rarest siaging birds, Es publishing a new work there, in English, .entitled, “ London Tigers cost him 8001. sterling; and Horace records, that he dissolved in vineand Paris Lions,"..

gør a precious pearl, and swallowed it. Notwithstanding his osteota: A GREAT CAUSE OF FEMALE SUPFERING.Weginote the following from ions profusión, so well was he rewarded, that he left a fortpine equal to the Literary Garette. It is surprising ihal our medical authors do not insist 160,0001. sterling behind him.-Gen, Biog. Dici. (now publishing in more upon the mischievouspess of the detestable fashion in question—as weekly Nos.) Ugly as it is unnatural and sickly. An excellent and popular book-might be NECKCLOTHS,- A reforin in dress which neither utility, reason, com written on the influence of the various modern modes ofdress upon health: / fort, nor good taste, lias been able to effect, may perhaps be brought - Another legacy of the absurdity of the past age are stays, which have about by the heat of the weather. During the recent brojling days, recently been lengtlıened by the fashion of the present day. No rational several gentlemen have been noticed walking in the streets with their person can rellect without concern upon the influence of this tyrant of necks Treed from the linen bandages will which they were wont to be the female forin, encompassed by whose baneful pressure young girls swathed; and their dress in consequence appeared so much more cool, reach womanhood. At least whilst they were of shorter proportions easy, and handsome, that we have strong hopes the community at large they pressed on the more resisting bony case of the chest; and though will resolve to reformn the linen abomination. We are sure the ladies they impeded tlie action of the muscles around the ribs in respiralion, will patronize the change-we will not call it innovation, because in fan they lelt the midriff free. But lengthened as they now are, they oppress the neckcloth-fashion is itself really so, having beell introduced, 28 all the organs of digestion continually; and by pushing the abdominal vis. elderly gentlemen must'recollect, to conceal the marks of discase in the cera against the diaplıragm, render respiration still more imperfect, and neck of the originator! Modern dress lias been, in other respects, com favour that scourge of the fair sex in England,-Consumplion. We will siderably improved within the last 150 years; and it really would not not dilale on the evil effects of their pressure on the inarried lady of be peculiarly frightful, if we abolished neckclothis and those extraordifashion wlio figures in the quadrille, whence her future hopes should nary chimney-lop inasses of pasteboard and beaver, with which we heal exclude ber. Without this appendage, the form would still have tlie and enclimber our lieady. Both fashions are ugly, paiulul, and unwbole grace nature has imparted, and ine chose beauty of the Grecian model, some; but if we were called upon to choose between the two, we should But if it must be preserved, let it be shortened, and above all, let it not say, considering the greater mischief of the former, and the disgusting be rendered more destructive by bone and steel," "

1 idea Altaching to their origin, " Let the neckcloths go first!"

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posed offence, &c. There were other counts, varging the charge in though there were thousands of Magistrates daily administering justice;* particulars not necessary to mention. The last coupé'was for fålse inre from one end of the empire to the other, it seldom, very seldom bappened, prisonment.

**0. searcely once in ten years, that cases of this mature were brought forward. MrGURNEY, stated the case for the prosecution. The defend The substance of the charge was, that the defrudanl, being a Magistrate, ant had long been in the commission of the peace. - Formerly had thought proper to commit a man for ibnee months to hard labour, upon he had been a 'brewer, but, having retired from business, he be a supposed conviction, drawn op on the oaths of two persons, wberras in came à Magistrate, and resided at Lewisham'The prosecutor was a fact those persons had not given their evidence upop oalh-Thal allegation, inaa in a humble situation of life, but boré an irrepronchable character, appeared to him to be satisfactorily made out, for the defendant had no carrying on business as a green-grocer at Deptford. He was a 'married authority to make the conviction, or issue his warrant upon it, except wan, and had a family. On the 30th of July 1822, in passing through satisfaciory proof. was given, in huis own presence, of the Truth of the Greenwich Park on business, he had occasiou to turn'aside for a certain charge which had been preferred. It was clear, upon the testimony in purpose. He was proceeding on his way when he was accosted by a little this case, that the defendant had departed from his duly in signing de. girl about nine or ten years of age, who was crying. He was inquiring positions, the deponents to which he had never seen, and comynirling a into the cause of her grief, when a couple of idle fellows came up and man to prison who had never been confronted with his accusers. His accused him of having indecently exposed his person to the girl. In vain Lordship adverted to the depositions and to the record of conviction, aod did Baker protest his innocence; his accusers charged biin in custody of obseried that in each it had been falsely asserted that the witnesses had the park-keeper. By the provisions of the Vagraöt Act, then in force, a been examined on oath before the plaintiff This was a gross falsehood. sijall reward was given to persons instrumental in the conviction of It had been truly observed that if the defendant had been so minded, he vagranis. Happily that Act was no longer in existence. The prosecutor mighie, upon the discovery of bis error, have caused Baker to be released was taken to Mr. Bicknell's office, when that gentleman's clerk, after. inmediately, for thouglube could not liave done so upon his own anthority, : laking the depositions, made out the coinmitment, and delivered it to the yet the Secretary of Siste, upon a proper application, would have ordered coaşlable, who immediately carried it to the defendant for siguature. his discharge forthwithe, ifa gott, der e r i ... i Without examining any of the witnesses, inquiring into the nature of the The Jury immedialely found the defendant Guilty. charge, or even seeing any of the parties, the defendant forth with signed The warrant of commitment, by which the unfortunate prosecutor was. . ' I nno · POLICE : doomed to three months' imprisonment and hard labour.", The constable nisi *ys bo! MANSION-HOUSE. not having', immediate means of conveying his prisoner 10 Maidstone, I

'ADULTERATION OF PLOUR, "&c. . locked him up for the night in the cage. There he remained incarcerated, l

L? A Corn-factor was“ summoned hy a Baker to appear before the Lord

á contato without even the common necessaries, until morning. It happening,

appens, Mayor, to answer for having sold five sačks of soune injurious compound however, that the Maidstone coach was full, and the constable baving no

. | as whealen flour. When the baker applied for the suinmons, he stated mode of removing him 10 bis destination, he was again returned to the

me that he believed the stuff he had purchased as household four was a mix.. cage to await his passage by the following day's ooach, By this time aj

me a ture of plaster of Paris, heans, and a very small quantity of wheat; and great stir was raised in the neighbourhood in consequence of this extraor

: that it wns impossible he conlil sell it to his customers. He had, he said, dinary proceeding, founded, as it was, upon a charge made by persons

sent a sample of it 10 a gentleman at Apothecaries' Hall, for avialyzation, whom nobody knew.. Four or five of the coustables of Greenwich, who had known Baker to be a man of good character, and of perfecily moral

" and found that it was composed of materials which were very anti for the habits, waited upon the defendant, and represented him to be a person in

Jose of man:- The Factor, attended by his Solicitor, appeared to answer their opinion incapable of the alleged, indecencies with which he was

the charge.

The LORD Mayor having learned that Mr. Clarke, the operator at charged, adding their conviction that it was a false charge, made by some

| Apothecaries' Hall,' w bo brad analyzed ihe article in questioni, was in • de cagabonds who had imposed upon him. The defendant, upon this representation, sent a inessenger le the Magistrate's clerk, ordering hiin to

| attendance, asked that gentleman what sort of materials he had found it i

coin posed of. Hi discharge ihe prisoner. The clerk very naturally said, "I can't discbarge 1

uscoarge | Mr. Clarke replied, that he had ascertained that there was no plaster of him ; be is committed in execution of his sentence, and I have no power to discharge him." In the result, the unfortunate man was sent to Maid.

| Paris or bones, as was apprehended by the baker, in the airticle: 'He had,

however, found that there was very little wheat, and that there was a great stone jail, and the unbappy man actually underwent three months' impri.

deat of beans and other things in it, which, although not destructive to: sonment and bard labour in the House of Correction. It might be asked,

'; 1 health, were exceediogly stiinulating, and unfit for use in bread. He Why he did not bring his action instead of preferring this indictment? The fact was, that he had brought an action, but ia consequence of a

regretted that ihe most injurious ingredients have frequently been used in defeet in ihe notice of action, he was obliged to discontinue it, whereby I fan shameful height. He had been engaged'incessantly, from the 4th of

making bread. Mr. Clarke mentioned ibat adulteration in four is carried lie was eompelled to pay, treble costs, which amounted to 301. It was

September till the 28th of February, by the direction of the Lords of the = then too late to bring a fresh action, and thus the prosecutor was defeated

Admiralty, in analyzing 1,467 sacks of Aour, which were lying in wareof justice. The charge against the defendant was, that he was goiliy of

of houses at Hull, and such pernicious stuff he had never seen in the whole gross negligence in the discharge of his duty, whereby a grievous injus.

course of his experience (he has been twenty two years in Apothecaries' . tice was imposed upon an innocent man. . "

Hall.) He liad taken a sample froin each sack, aod in snine he had found Esidence hacing been adduced,.,.,.,Ban,,,'';

that upwards of a third was plaster of Paris and ground bones, two of the Mr. MARRYAT addressed the Jury for the defendant. The indictment inost abominable ingredients, and which the stomach neither of man nor e did not impute to the defendant any corrupt or, malicious motive in this beast is capable of digesting. He had sent samples of this four, which

transaction, and therefore he was at a loss to conceive how this prosecution had, indeed, a very trifling portion of flour in it, to the Lords of the Adcanld be sustained, it appearing in point of fact that there had been a con- piralty, baked, and in several of its processes, and never was seen any viction of the prosecutor. Whether it was an irregular or erroneous thing more frightful. It was, ás a loaf, almost as black as jet, and to be coa viclion was not the qnestion. It was perfectly clear that there could cut in pieces would require a hatchet. It was, of course, condemned, and be no intentional ill will on the part of the defendant towards the pro, the person who owned it, and who was about to send it to Spain or Pora' Secutor, for peither had seen the other in the course of their lives, and togal, was fined in the penalty of 10,000L. - He said a mixture of four consequendy there was a complete absence of every thing like ill, will or was generally thrown in, but the ground-bones and plaster of Paris were malicious : motive. On the 22d. June 1822, the New Vagrant Ack had exceedingly deceptions to thie eye, although instantly detected by the passed, and on the 30th July, in the same year, this commitment uuder chemist, as they would inmediately effervesce upon the application of Wat Act took place. The Act had so recently coine into operation, that vinegar, or other acit, and affect the nose most powerfully. . probably ils provisions were not generally known. I was w be observed. The LORD MAYOR wastof opiuion tbat the exposure of illie abominable That there were a great number of papers which required the mere sig. system of adulteration would produce much benefit to the public, aud nature of a Magistrale, without his interfereuce nipisterially or judicially. thanked Mr. Clarke for the very useful information he had communiA caritable view of the defendant's conduct might fairly justify the precated. sumption that be thought the papers which he was called uppo to sigo Mé. Clarke said he had to state to his Lordship what would no doubt in this instance were papers of the description to which he (Mr. M.) surprise bin much, and woold be of no litle interest, as his Lordship was

uded.' Perhaps tbe defendant acted indiscreetly, and incorrectly in not a large tea-dealer. He bad lately analyzed sonie caper soucbong tea, and l uiring further into the nature of the papers. He (Mr. M.) had no dislound that there was 25 per cent. of lead ore in it! belination to make that admission. It was quite certain, however, that sThere are some inaccuracies in the above report, arising from the tone

soon as the error was called to his attention, he, manifested an noxious of voice in which the observations were made. As the subject is one of desire to set it right, by ordering the man to be liberated, if it could be vital importance, we hasten to correct the errors, as well as 10 add some done. But being informed by the Magistrate's clerk that it was too late, further information which Mr. Clarke has given.--The four-factor whose the warrant being a commitment in execution, he could do, no more.' " adulterated article was seized at Holl, had previously a quantity of wheat in

The Lord Chile Justice, in charging the Jury, observed, that if all bond, and was permitted to take it out, and grind it, on condition of relorn

od mieri trust feel pain at seeing a person in the distinguished rank of a ing 1961bs. of genuine 'wbealen flour for every five husliels' of corn. Magistrate placed in the situation of the present defendant, the sensation Instead of substituting the pure article, however, he sent in a most was happily counterbalanced by the consolation of recollecting, that abominable adulteration of beans, buck wheat, and floor of the very coursest

description. This compound was not under the King's locks two days, right arm, with which he held bis prisoner, a second and a third time he when it was suspected to be bad, and no time was lost in sending samples plunged the knife into the arm, until at length pain and loss of blood to the Commissioners of Custoins of London. Mr. Clarke was then sent occasioned him to let go his bold, and he (complainant) in a very weak by the Lords of the Treasury to Holl to analyse the compound, and he state, was then taken out to a surgeon's, Mr. Dymond's, ia .Holboro, find it in be made of the above mentioned ingredients. 'He had. upon under whose care he had since been.-Mary Davis, servant to Mr. several former occasions, found in bakers' four an immense quantitiy of

Waters, corroborated this account.-The Surgeon who is in alteodance on plaster of Paris, burnt bones, an earthy substance, technically called Der

Ms. Waters, has stated, that if the knife had entered on the inside of the byshire white, of the most destructive naiure, but prepared for the sole arm, it must necessarily have severed the main artery, and of course the use of bakers, confectioners, and pastry.cooks. The colour of all those consequence would have been fatal. Two of the wounds were both long dreadfal ingredients is beautiful. It resembles that of the very finest

and deep, and a great portion of muscle was protruding. The prisoner four; and the article is impossible to be detected in its unmade-up state,

made no defence whatever, and seemed to treat the whole proceeding

e had examined at Hull. | with the most perfect indifference as to the result. He was committed for without a chemical process. But the compound lie had examined at Hull, it was erroneous to say contained plaster of Paris or bones. The stuff was trial. . condemned, and the penalty of 10,000l. affixed; so that the loss sustained

ACCIDENTS, OFFENCES, &c. by the owner must have been from 13,0001. to 14,0001.-The LORD MAYOR

Death in St. George's HOSPITAL.-An important enquiry took place said, the public seemed to labour under a delusion ju supposing that alum was the ingredient to be much apprehended in bread.-Mt. CLARKE said, on Monday, at the Triumphant Chariot public house, Pembroke mews, alam was not at all injurious in the quantities in which it is used by the

Grosvenor place, concerning the death of John Hammond, who died in St. bakers. They knew well that they mixed op other things more destruc

George's Hospital. The deceased was servant to Mr. Bailey, of Old

Brentford; he was a fine healıhy man, only twenty-one years of age. Oa tive, and those wlio coosidered it a high crime for a baker to have a pound of alum on his premises, overlooked the sacks of abomination, which the

the 15th of June he fell upon some rubbish, and the side of his right knee

was cut with a broken glass bottle. He was conveyed to St. George's alum in fact was rather calculated to render less noxious. In the course

Hospital, and then the wound was dressed by Mr. Pitman, the House Sur. of the conversation, it was stated that flour merebants were in the habit, it was believed, of substituting the adulterated flour, in order to defraud geon, and a bandage was put round his knee. It is supposed that some Government, and of throwing it, when it was too bad for sale, into the sea. particles of broken glass were left in the wound. Mr. Pitman stated, that Jo most instances, it was, liowever, admitted, that they disposed of it on

osed of it on an artery was cut, and he took it up previous to his putting on the bar.

*_ Wel dage, and thai he applied leeches to the knee; but upon a strict examina. the Continent, where it was sure to generale destructive complaints. We

antils | lion, he admitted that he had made a mistake, for no leeches were applied., bave learned from Mr. Clarke, that confectioners use an enormous quantity of Derbyshire white, burnt bones, and other calcareous matter, and with By other evidence, it appeared that on the day the young man entered the

hospital, he complained of most excruciating pain in bis knee, arising from complete inpunity too, as they are a sort of ud libitum dealers, and can

inflammation. The bandage was very tigbt, and the flesh on each side venture, by catching the eye with beautiful colours, and the palate with sweet tastes, to adulterale infinitely more than the baker can. A poor

much swollen. Notwithstanding his complaint, ibe handage was not

removed till the Sunday following, and then it was done at his very woman who keeps a baker's shop in the Borough called upon Mr. Clarke,

argent request. The moment the bandage was reinoved, be stated that upon seeing the account of what took place at the Mansion House, with

he experienced inmediate relief. It was then found that though the ex. samples of four, which she said she had bought at 68s. the sack, a price at which the best flour can be obtained. She complained that in the bak.

ternal wound had healed, matter had formed underneath';" a suppuration

took place, and, in a short time, the discharge was so great as lo reduce his ing it turned almost black, and that she bad lost 22 customers by it. She

system, and to make his case hopeless. It also appeared that there was a was refused redress, and was unable to pay for the four on account of the

want of attention on the part of the nurses in the hospital, excepting a badness of it. Upon exmination, Mr.Clarke found that the article was horribly

| night nurse, who was very kind to the deceased; that his face was set adulterated, and he advised the poor woman not only not to pay a farthing

s washed, nor his linen or bed-clothes changed, for the six weeks that be for the stoff, bat to inake a coinplaint before a Magistrate in the Borough,

| lay ill! It further appeared, that a short time before he died, an old mag who would no doubt redress her.-Mr. Clarke says, ihe public ought to be

had died in the next bed, and that as soon 'as the corpse was carried away, most particularly on their guard in the use of confectionary, as some con: I the voung man was removed to the same bed, or placed between the same fectioners use not only what we have stated above, but the followiog poi.

sheets, in which he also expired. One of the witnesses said, that the sons, in great abundancs-chromale of lead, copper, verdigris, iron, rose.

deceased coinplained of want of food that he had hothing to eat on one pink, vermilion, and powder blue.-He informs us, that the adulteration by beans and peas may be detected by mixing a little of the article to be put

particular day, from nine o'clock in the morning till four o'clock in the

afternoon; and owing to his not being cleaned, be was '80 offensive that to the test with water and a small quantity of ammonia. The beons will the wirness could not remain in the place." turn brown and the peas yellow, while the flour mixed with these ingre

Mr. Jeffreys, Surgeon, whose duty it was to attend the deceased, said dients remains white. But aminonia will not detect adulteration by burnt

he saw the young man on the Thursday, the day after he entered the bones, or plaster of Paris, or Derbyshire white, or calcareone substances.

yshire whitr: or calcareons substances. hospital." His knee was then bandaged; 'witness did not examine the A small quantity of diluted-salphuric acid (oil of vitriol) will dicover adulteration of all those kinds, with the exception of that by plaster of day followino.

wound; he saw it was properly bandaged; he saw the kuee 98 the Suus Paris. Alum, lie says, is used by the bakers only when the yeast is very Juror - The bandage was on the knee from the time the deceased cabad ; and it is used in very small quantities, merely one pound to eight tered the hospital, on the Wednesday, till the Sunday following, and I busbels of flour, and cao do no harm. If the informer would seize the ask you, if, in your opinion, that was not improper treatment? . .. flour instead of the alum, he would do a real public service.- Daily

Mr. Pitman-No: that is my mode of treatinent. On bong trang Papers.)

Juror_That may be your mode; but the question is, was that a proper , HATTON-GARDEN.

mode of treatment? Desperate Case or STABBING. On Tuesday a young man, named Mr. PITMANI say it was a proper mode of treatment, and the - GasWilliam Sydney Smith, was charged with maliciously stabbing Charles daging the leg did not produce the swelling and pain. in' Waters, of Brook street, Holborn, with intent to murder the said Charles Juror-It appears that the deceased complained of great pain on the Waters, or do him some griesous hodily harm Mr. Waters stated, that day after the bandage was put ronnd his knee; in your opinion ought not he kept the Three Tuns public-house in Brook street, Holborn. On the bandag'e to have been taken off, and feeches, or a lotion, or a fomentaSaturday night, the 161h instant, the prisoner at the bar, was in his tnp. tion have been applied ? room; some bricklayers were also there, but not in his company. The Mr. Jeffreys The wound caused the swelling, and not the bandage prisoner was observed to go across from his own box in the table where Jurorlam of opinion, that, owing to the surgeon's negleoting the ile bricklayers were sitting, one of whom afterwards complained of young mant, and not taking off the bandage in proper time, the sound having had a handkerchief stolen out of bis hat, and pointed out the healed up, and produced that mischief whieli terminated in his deaih. prisoner as the person who took it. Complainant being unwilling that Coroner - You must forin your opinion from the evidence of the medical such a circumstance should occår in his house, where a great number of inen. Did the handaging the knee cause the death of the deceased? working people were in the habit of coming on a Satnrday night to be Witness-it did noi; in any way, produce that event. paid, called upon Smith, if he had taken the bandkerchief, to give it up Juror-Suppose there were hits of glasstreinnining in the wound, ought immediately. Smith at first denied having seen any bandkerchief, but it not to have been kept open; and not bandaged. up fap fair or five days subsequently in effect admitted the faci, by an expression lie let, fall, and nights'without any one examining it af opinion, that whea which was, “I'll be d d if you shall have it." Complainant then this unfortunate young man complained day after day of paio, which mus endeavoured to pull bin out of the box, and in the struggle Smith ihrew caused by inflammation, that some medical man belonging to the extrhimself on bis back on the floor, and while he (Waters) was leaning overblishment ought to have given himself the trouble to have examined the him, be found that Smith was striking at him, as he conceived, with his woond. I think tliere was gross neglect manifested by the Surgeonsai clenched band, but ultimately be discovered that he was stabbing him with the hospital., Theri y

ibm. Nas pro a knife, which he drew out of his waistcoat-pocket. The first plunge Mr. Bailey, the master of the deceased, said that he was disgusted with was made at his right side, and cut quite through his coat, waistcoat, and he treatment that his servant and other patients received id the hospitsl. shirt, but willzont woandigg the fash; however, the next wag more He anderstood the regulations at other public Iospitals wera very differente certain, the blade being buried to the handle in the fleshy part of the "The Coroner observed, that be bad heard no before, and wat sorry for

a itu

death wa


if, because he knew the Directors of the Institution would not permit it,

if t ari - EDUCATION-IRELAND. they were acquainted with it. ' on

[From the Scotsman.) jurorThen 'such' mismanagement and improper surgical treatment onght to be made public.

First Report of the Commissioners on Education in Ireland. After some furtlier discussion, the Jury returned the following verdict : Dated 30th May, 1825. Ordered by the House of ComThe deceased received a cut in the knee by an accident; and from the | mons to be Printed : June 3, 1825. treatment ar

IRELAND may be said to be the land of abuses, still more On Wednesday, an inquest was held at the Coach and Horses, Mary.

emphatically than the land of potatoes, What would be la-bonbe lane, on the body of Mrs. Margaret Griffin, an elderly widow blessings elsewhere, are, by means of party feeling - Protestant lady, residing in the above neighbourhood. On Tuesday last she was on ascendancy-and the spirit of jobbing and oppression, there a visit at her son's house in Mary-la-bonne lane, apparently in her usual converted into curses. In no country, perhaps, has so much state of liealth, and occasionally indulging in cheerful conversation. The decensed bad retired to an apartment, and taken ber seat on a cliair, in

been done for education as in Ireland, yet in no country has which sbe was shortly afterwards discovered in a state of insensibility education accomplished so little, The charter schools, almost A surgeon was procured,'bol she was quite dead. The Jury returned a without exception, are taught upon the worst principles, the Verdict of Died by the visitation of God."

masters are farmers and manufacturers rather than teachers, * A fatal accident occurred near Paris on Monday last. *An explosion took place at Irry, in a manufactory of fulmigating powder matches. The

their discipline harsh or brutal, and the food and clothing of work men of the manufactory escaped ; but those of an adjoining glass. the children of the worst description. The children bred up house, eager to give assistance, and unaware of the danger to which they in this manner are sullen, dogged, diseased, ignorant, misewere exposing themselves, rushed in at one door, while the people | rable; while the functionaries of the society are negligent, Belonging to the manufactory were flying by another. These men being I knavish. corrupt, and tyrannical: vet the business of the unfortunately involved in two successive explosions, three were killed, and ten severely wounded.

society is conducted by a central committee of fifteen members Fire In Lord's Cricket GROUND - About half-past one on Friday who meet weekly. They are also assisted by a local committee morning, a fire broke out in the Pavilion belonging to Lord's Cricket and a catechist for each school, whose duty it is to pay freGround, on the St. John's Wood Road. From the nature of the materials of the building, which was principally of wood, the fire io a very short

quent visits to the school, and superintend its concerns. The time defied the power of the engines: Jo about an hour and a half the catechist has generally a salary of 201, per annum ; and his wbole Pavilion was reduced to a heap of ruins, except the foundation, special duties are to afford religious instruction, and to comwhich was of brick work. 'Happily no houses were sufficiently near to municate monthly with the committee of fifteen. The officers be in the least injured, alihough some trees were severely scorched.

of the society are a secretary, a registrar, a messenger, and

inspector of apprentices. The Commissioners found that | MARRIED. At Abbevlies Church, in the Queen's County, on Tuesday, the colh inst. Lord Mrs. Adamson the wife of the secretary, was in fact the con. Clifton, eldest son of the Earl of Darnley, to Emma Jane, third danghter of Sir

tractor for a great part of the clothing under the fictitious firm Henry Parnell, Bart. and niece of the Earl of Portarlington

On tho 26th inst. by special licence, in Harley street, the Right Hon. Lord of 'Tyrell and Co.; that this was well known; and that it was Grantley, to Charlotte Earle, youngest daughter of Sir William Beechey.

On the 18th inst. at Paris, the Rev. W. H. Bury, B.D. Fellow of St. John' dangerous for masters of schools to object to the quality of College, Oxford, to Mary Ann, widow of the late A. Mackenzie Grioves, Esq. the clothing. It was found also that presents of greater or less of Glenure, North Britain. ,'

On the 230 inst. at Bermondsey, John Coates, Esq. of the Temple, solicitor, value have been given by the masters of different schools to to Emma, widow of the late Nathaniel Legge, Esq. of Pun pern, Dorsetshire. On the 26th inst, at St. Pancras, George Hopkinson, Esq. of Kentish Town,

all the officers, the registrar being now considerably indebted to Miss Eliza Isabella Alder, of Battersea Rise.

to the masters of six or seven schools for money borrowed - On Tuesday, at Islington, Wm. Quick, Esq. of Hornsey row, solicitor, to Harriet Caroline, daughter of Joseph Dudley Webb, Esq. of Cross street,

from them, and for which it does not appear that he was to Islington,

pay interest. But the masters of the schools were not On the c3d inst. Wm. Bowden, jun. Esq. of Kennington, to Miss Eleanor Hindmarch, piece of William Davison, Esg. of West square.

without their equivalent. From the good understanding On the oth inst, at the residence of Mr. A. Henry, of Haydon square, by ti Rev. Dr. D. R. Meldola, Mr. Elias Lindo, eldest son of David A. Lindo, Esq. o

that subsisted, complaints against the masters were suppressLeman street, to Susan, fifth daughter of the late Rev. S. Lyon, Cambridge. ed, and the names of the complainants given, not for red tess

On Thursday, Alexander Robert Stewart, Esq. M.P. for the county of Lon donderry, eldest son of Alexander Stewart, of Ards, Esq. to Lady Care Pratt, youngest danghter of the Marquis and Marchioness Camden.

sioners) that a charter-school child can commit seems to be On Thursday. Peter Polo, Esq. eldest son of Sir Peter Pole, Bart. M.P. O Wolverton Park, Hants, to Lady Louisa Pery, fourth daughter of the Earl of less pardonable than daring to utter a complaint. A lett Limerick.. . On Thursda am Henry

of Willesden' Middlesex. to (they continue) was written by a boy of the name of Best, Marianne, only daughter of the late Thomas Tomkins, Esq. of Morton; Here. from Sligo, some time ago, to the conimittee of fifteen, which fordshire. i

On the 23rd inst. at Stanmore, James S. Ewart, Esq. of Burton Crescent, to was returned to Sligo in a few days, and the writer punished
Jane Simpson Laing, only daughter of the late Robert Laing, Esq. of London.
On Wednesday, Charles F. Wise, Esq. of Holt Lodge, Holt Forest, Hants, to

in the face of the whole school for having complained." The Emona, daughter of Robert Lang, of Portland place.

Stradbally school, at which were 83 boys, was visited in the 1.On the 27th inst. at Somersbam, Huntingdonshire, M grandson of the late Dr. Aikin, to Mary Ann, only daughter of William Mason,

first place by two of the Commissioners, but the boys, though Esq, of the former place.

then, in the absence of every person connected with the esta$1 t ot


blishment, were called upon to state whether they had any DA Sunday morning, Sir Alexander Grant. Bart.

grievances, did not complain. On the second visit, though On the 25th inst. at Camberwell, Joseph Gough, Esq. ir On Monday last, at East Acton, the infant son of Henry Porcher, Esq. M.P. called upon in the same manner, they were at first silent, but On Sunday, at Brighton, aged 18, Mary, eldest daughter of William Stewart, Esq. of Slonne street, Chelsea. n


on being told that the Commissioners present came from b_On the 18th inst. at Old Radnor, near Kington, Herefordshire, John Warner, Government, and would protect them if they had any ground Esq. late of Bury street, Edmonton, aged 75. .

Lately, at Bridgnorth, Shropshire, in his 73d year, generally regretted, Mr. of complaint, THE WHOLE SCHOOL IMMEDIATELY CAME FORGitton, upwards of 40 years Stamp and Postmaster of that town. His loss will be long and sincerely lamented by his family, and in him society loses a worthy | WARD, AND SAID THEY WERE CRUELLY USED: explaining member, whose characteristic, through a long and active life, has been that of that they had been afraid to speak, for they had complained distinguisbed bonesty avd firm integrity of principle. "On the 20th inst. at Greenwichy, aged 82, after several years of severe affliction. once to the Catechist, and that the boys who had compldined, Mr Grandy, wife of Mr. Grundy, of Earl street, Horseferty road.

had BEEN HALF KILLED." It was afterwards proved, that On the 20th inst. at Bristol Hot-wells, in her 19th year, Jape, the eldest daughter of Mr. Wood, of Dulwich.

about three weeks previously a boy had been flogged nine **On the 20th inst. at Forty-hilt, Enfield, where she had been an inhabitant for - 60 years, Mrsi Andre, widow of the late John Lewis Andre, sen. Esq. in ber times in one day, for a wrong sum in long division another 76th yea.. .

boy sixty-seven lashes on account of another sum; while On the 26th inst. at Margate, aged 29, Jonathan, eldest son of Mr. Jonathan Lacy, late of East lane, Bermondsey.

on the day before the second visit-silence under the first On Friday week, at Hampstead, Cornelius Dixon, Esq. of Bedford street, having given the usher a conviction that he was to escape Bodfort ugaard.

* 1. On Friday, in Bruton-street, the Rev. Francis Haggitt, D.D. Chaplain in with impunity-eight boys had been punished 30 bruOrdinary to his Majesty, Prebendary of Darbam, and Rector of Nonebam

Bam Itally, that their persons were found in a shocking state

tally Cow tney, Ostord."

that their




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Nomor ham. Hantingdonshire. Mr. W. Orton Aikir

of laceration and contusion. No wonder, then, that the 'Rumours are afloat, but we cannot vouch for their accuracy, Commissioners were particularly struck with the appearance that the 'treaty between this country and the new State of of sullenness and terror which marked the deportment of the Mexico is at an end ; and that, owing possibly to some secret children at this school. At Castledermot the boys complained condition proposed by the Republicans, but undeserving Mr. of being ill-fed and cruelly beaten ; and although an improve- Canning's approbation, it is the British Government which ment had taken place from the day the master learnt that the has now refused to ratify. M. Rəcquafuentes appears from Commissioners were proceeding through tha country, two the papers to have been among the Foreigo Ministers who boys had very recently been flogged and beaten on the head were admitted to interviews with Mr. Canning, in contemplawith a stick, because, from being hungry on account of a very tion of bis leaving town. Times. stinted breakfast, they had eaten a 'raw. cabbage, when set to ELOPEMENT.-On Saturday last, a young gentleman, the work in the garden. At Longford the children looked very son of Mr. Allsop, surgeon, of Uttoxeter, contrived to escape squalid and wretched, and, although there were some few ex- with the grand-daughter and heiress of the late Thomas ceptions, the circumstances we have stated give but a faint Bainbridge, Esq. of Wood Seat, in this county, and who has idea of the hardships and oppressions to which these unfortu-a fortune of 50,0001. The parties have bent their way to nate scholars have been subjected. The character given of Gretna Green. A pursuit was attempted, but as the youthful them in 1820, by one gentleman, Mr. Lees, 'wltose report pair had the start of eleven hours' law, with ". all appliances never was presented, was, that they were “ stinted in body, and means to boot," it was considered as a hopeless affair; mind, and heart;" a character' which was found to be substan- and the Vulcan-bound couple may be expected to return in a tially applicable to them in 1824. Not only are they mal- few days.-Pottery Gazette. ; inl treated, and kept in ignorance by the masters, who think Duel.–A duel, which it is feared will prove fatal in its chiefly, not of conferring knowledge and improving their consequences, was fought on Thursday morning'on Crawley. minds, but of turning their labour to' account, but until lately common, between a gentleman of the name of Elphinstone also, if not still, one person contrived to get as many as ten and a Mr. Barnard.' The meeting was occasioned by a disof them for apprentices, with a fee of 21. for each, and imine-l pute about a lady. The first fire had no effect, but in the diately turned the children upon the town; nor, in truth, from second, Mr. Elphinstone was wounded on the side of the right the neglected state of the children, physically and morally, breast, and the ball was not extracted, although attended by was it easy to find any respectable person willing to accept Mr. Banks, a professional gentleman. The parties are disof them as apprentices, even with a premiuin. Yet Local tantly related. Committees had beep in the habit of giving the most favour Yesterday morning, between three and four o'clock, a fire able 'reports, and Inspectors of Character reported that the broke out on the premises of Mr. Clinch, an extensive farmer treatment of the pupils was kind and teuder !

at Singlewell, near Gravesend, which threatened destruction

to the dwelling-house 'and adjoining premises, but by the POSTSCRIPT. ..

timely arrival of the parish engines, and exertions of the MONDAY, Aug. 1.

neighbours they were preserved, and a large barn only conThe Paris journals of Friday, including the Etoile dated sumed. Suspicions are entertained that some Irishmen who Saturday, have arrived. We extract from the Journal des had been in search of employ, had either by accident or deDebats the following article :

sign occasioned the calamity-of which measures are taking 6. A report has been circulated, that Russia had proposed to ascertain the actual cause." to Austria" to place Prince Gustavus on the throne of Greece, COLONIZING.It is said Mr. Owen has 900 persons ready to settle at or at least of the Peloponnesus.' This proposal, addressed to Harmony. The experiment will soon be tested. The editor of the

Southern Patriot erumerates the difficulties to be encountered in colonir. the Austrian Cabinet, is said to have been transmitted by the

ing the Jews. It is true ; but, as the Mussulmen piously say, " God is letter to England, which is stated to have announced that great." - American Paper. His Britannic Majesty, being convinced of the pacific views The horrible fraud recently exposed at the Mansion-house-we mean of Russia, and being also able to depend on the preponderance

the adulteration of Flour, or, more properly, the manufacture and sale of

Poison under the name of Flour, -will, we trust, be visited with the of his naval power in the Mediterranean, would feel no jea

utmost vengeance of the law. If a single homicide meets death so lousy at the establishment of the new King or Grand Duke, frequently, what ought to be the punishment of wholesale murder? but he thiņks the Allied Powers should first propose the plan

The substitution of putrid bones and plaster of Paris, ground up for the tn the Greeks themselves. It is added, the Austrian 'and

materials of eatable bread, we do think would entirely justify the addi

tion of another capital felony to the Statute-book. French mission to Napoli di Romania are for the purpose of theless, is worth a little, as the trash poisoned with lead, but miscalled

The exposure, neverinducing the Greeks to recognize the King proposed.-The Tea, will find employment, we trust, for the chemist and the treadwell-known opinion of Prince Metternich, adverse to any con

wheel.--Times. ..

DROWNING.- [From the Taunton Courier.]-More accidents have cestions to the Greeks, make it improbable there should be

occurred this season from drowning than were ever remembered. As the any Austrian mission to Napoli. We might believe it if stomach-pump has often proved efficacious in withdrawing poison, a cor: the object were to threaten? or to discourage the Greeks. - respondent suggests the probability of using it effectually in cases of As to France, every one knows that the policy of the Minister

drowning. The hint is good, and ought not to be lost sight of.--Counte

Herald.-[The hint is not good, and we gladly avail ourselves of the centres in the Stock Exchange, and that with him the only

opinion of an intelligent medical friend on this subject.)-Water scarcely, Turks and Greeks are those who take or refuse his 3 per if ever, enters either the passage to the stomach op lungs, in cases of cents. It is remarkable that the German journals, in speak- drowning. The idea has given rise to a praction of vloe moest doneprous ing of these reports, take care to place them to the account of

fendency-that of sospending persons by the heels, which is nerr

resorted to but by the most ignorant, as nothing can be more injurions, the f'rench, and more particularly the Parisian papers Every

or more likely to destroy any remains of vitality that may exist. The report is said to come from the Banks of the Seine. The most active and viseful practice is to endeavour to restore breathing, by ohject of this caution is to avoid any dispute with the Austrian

pressing on the chest so as to excite its natural actions, after drying the Observer."

| patient, and placing him in a horizontal position in bed, between two

blankets, applying warmth in the quickest and most convenient possible We understand a despatch from the Court of Directors to manner, both' to the pit of the stomach and to the feet-robbing the the Government in India is now before the Board of Control | hands, arms, legs, &e. either with the hand or flannel, and persevering for approval, directing a considerable augmentation of the

in this manner until medical aid can be obtained, even if no syanptom of

Pitaliny should appear. Many individuals lose their lives in consequence ármy in all its branches at the different. Presidencies.

of raising their arms above water, the trubuoyed weight of which de* Evening paper. As

9. stoo r ns*****.**** presses ihe head. Animals have neither notion nor ability to act is a

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