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when he is unemployed, and which enables him to maintain with less would deem national wealth, than one with larger revenue, greater inequality the fearful struggle of laborious poverty against exacting exports, huge capitalists, and an immense number of drones, if at the wealth. From this general state of Iloings arises a degree of happiness same time it is cursed with an over-worked and ill-fed, a vicious not 10 be disdained even if allended with no other advantage." i

and brutal, labouring population, a toiling and aoxious middle class, We may here remind the reader, that on this principle the plan of the millions of parish paupers, and crowded jails? We contend, hovbenevolent Mr. HALL is founded, which he is endeavouring to put in ever, that great capital, and a large aggregate stock of commodities practice at Lind field in Sussex.

in Sussex. This philanthropist however relies so

This philaothropist however relies so conducing to comfort and luxury, are not incompatible with the ease far on the industry and prudence of the labouring class, as to make it and independence of the lower orders. With an economic expendsa part of his calculation, that every owner of one of his comfortable ture, moderate taxes, a sound system of commercial freedom, the procottages, with an acre of land, shall pay a rent sufficient to remunerale duct obtained from agriculture and manufactures in Britain night be the capitalist for the purchase and building ; fòr unless that be practi- as great as at present, while the actual producers could be well por cable, it is obvious that no such plan will ever be adopted in Britain, by their employers. where the tendency of things is daily to depress more and more the 'But the iminediate remedy for the evil of an excessive pauper popu. labourer. But if Mr. HALI. shall be borne out by experience in his lation ?-_-Ave, that indeed may well puzzle the wisest heads: the mis. estimate of the strength of the powerful stimuli-comfort, and a share

chief has grown so formidable, and increases so rapidly now by its of independence---which he proposes to apply to the minds of his

own impetus, that it will require the most vigorous as well as prudent humble tenants, the result will be invaluable, even if it only serve to

measures to arrest its progress. The state of Ireland has a direc: place in the most convincing light the happy effect of a reasonable

tendency to make matters worse with our peasantry. The latter ve portion of domestic comfort and ease upon the industry and frugality of the labouring class.

not yet reduced to that lowest grade of human existence,-the living

on the potatoe exclusively; and until they come to that, there will In contending, in opposition to the majority of the English political alw

sh political | always be a motive for swarms of Irish labourers to come over here 31 economists, that abundant capital is alone the creator of large farms, busy periods, and by more than supplying the extra demand, to de and that the law of primogeniture has not the same tendency,

prive the natives of the little advantage (in higher wages) which the M. de STAEL finds as usual in poor Ireland a rich mine of evidence :

temporary scarcity of hands for harvesting, &c. creales. As soon as The law of succession is nearly the same in Ireland as in that activity is over, the Irish emigrants find their way back, either by England; yet these two countries stand at the opposite extremities of the the help of their own savings. ar bv parish aid, to enjoy in their own agriculoral scale. Why is this, if not that in one large capilals have produced large farms, while in the other, capital having fed before ibe

cabins, if not the occasional variety of food of the English labourer, Tace of oppression, proprietors have been obliged to divide their land

at least more health, gaiety, and actual independence. into small farms?

Certain writers, calling themselves “ political economists," have The comparison between England and France in regard to population hinted--for they have not yet ventured to do more--at some natural is not less forcible:

means, or we should rather say unnatierul, of checking the increase “ The English économists, in general so able at observing facts and of the numbers of the poor. These suggestions we hold to be utlery drawing just inferences from them, have their minds for the most part so abominable. The originators may be well-meaning men destitute warped on the question of i he division of property, that the most palpable of sentiment, who look upon the question of population as a Beie truths escape theat. The population of France in 1789. according to the question of arithmetic; but we are sure no civilized society will eve? reports of the Constituent Assembly, was 26,300,000; it is now about listen to propositions for tampering with its domestic delicacy and 50,000.000. This certain Englisle writers represent to us as an alarming morals. It is a sign of great narrowness of mind, even to enterta fact; while they forget that ihe number of inhabitants of England and

the idea of degrading the sexual intercourse into a merely anita. Wales has risen froin 9,168.000 to 12,218,000. Thus the population of gratification, and of depriving it of the moral graces which consta France has increased fourteen per ceni, in thirty-five years, amounting 10 eight perce. in iwenly years; and doring the same twenty years the

nine-tenths of the enjoyment,-in short, of inflicting an irreparabs increase of ille population in England has been thirty-three per cent, or

injury on all mankind, for the sake of checking an evil in one nation, .four times as muchi. Snch a rapid increase sufficiently proves, that the for which the only proper remedy belongs to the science of politis, .concentration of landed properly las not all the efficacy ıhat is ascribed. We trust nothing more explicit will ever be proposed, of the disgusting 10 il, in keeping up a due balance between the quantity of food and and barbarous kind to which we allude: we are sure it would oui number of iis consumers. I will even go fariler: I will venture to irritate the public mind against the proposers. ansert, that entails and the law of primogeniture have a tendency to

The true remedies we have already indicated. Let the law of er increase the number of children in the higher classes, nearly in the same way as the poor rales tend to the auginentation of indigent families;

tails, and that which gives all real property to the eldest sons, bu nainely, by preventing the father from cautiously looking forward to the

abolished; let the landowners' monopoly, which makes bread deat, lot that awaits lois children. Under the system of equal division, a man

be put an end to; let the sinecures be lopped off, the Civil Ls would not have a greater number of children than he could make provision reduced, the standing army cut down to a tenth of its amount ; let til for: under that of promigeniture, he is sure that the splendour of his the taxes which oppress the poor be either taken off entirely or very name will be mainiained by the eldest son, and his vanity is satisfied. mach diminished, and the deficit-if any--be made up of an income This sentiment, so common among the wealiby class, evea in England, tax that would not touch the lower classes ; let the liberal syslem ceases with him to operate in aid of prudence; and the age or health of recently adopted with such encouraging success in some branches bis wife alone limits the number of his children.'

commerce, be extended to all, and the vice-creating trade of the sinys The present prosperous condition of agriculture (as a science) in gler be destroyed ; let the Church Establishment be reformed on the Britain, proves nothing in favour of the law of succession and entail; | French or German, if not on the American, model ; let the Gan since other favourable circumstances may cause a country to flourish Laws be expunged in toto from the statute-book, and a body of regule: in spite of a defect which is fatal to less fortunate states. M. de

judicial functionaries substituted for the irresponsible country magis STAEL justly remarks

tracy; and then the farmer or manufacturer would be able to gist * That England has risen above almost every other country in Europe, his workmen better wages,* to keep him at the plough or the look by the progress of its agriculture, is incontestable; but I have not here only two-thirds of the time he now drudges there, and yet to realiz 'to inquire what are the different causes that, under the omnipotent ægis

the same profits as at present upon the produce of his farm or factory; of liberty, have produced this result; neither is it incumbent on me to prove, that it is in no degree owing to entails,or the law of promogeniture.

the poor rates would dwindle to a mere trifle; ihe jails would be har In fact, if we reflect, that in Italy, in Spain, and wherever else the system

emptied; the poor would grow more provident, because wore cua of irresponsible freehold succession has been introduced, it has occasioned fortable; and a large population would be thought a blessing instvad the deverioration of land, and the impoverishment.even of those for whose of a curse. We may be told, that all this is very fine; but how shail benefii it was invented, we shall be convinced, that the agricultural we persuade the clergy, the sinecurists, the landlords, &c. lo surttt prosperity of England must be ascribed 10 oilier causes. If a tree der their selfish advantages for the general good? We shall 70% pes abounding in sap be planted in a seriile soil, it may be subjected to a bad suade them; we must have a Political Reform before we can obia? system of management perhaps with impunity, ils natural vigour may these good things; for that Reform we must look to the paturi trivinplı over the obstacles opposed jo its growth; but we must not

workings of our complex and embarrassed state machine; but ascribe to the errors of the manager what is owing to its strength of

can be a greater motive for the people at large to bestir theinselves 19

an vegetation." Besides, were this otherwise,- is not the happiness of the bulk of

* That is, better proportionately to the price of food, though perbap the population a better thing than a somewhat encreased produce no higher in nominal amount. The number of loaves of bread a laboure - from the land? Is not a state possessing a cheerful, contented, and can purchase with his wages, is the real criterion of their high or lor virtuous labouring class, really richer, in what the true statesman / rate,

accelerate the overthrow of the Oligarchy, and the establishment of a the Rhone. The sixth and last claims the saine attention, for ils accordreal Representation, than á belief that the benefits we have enu-ance with them in sculprural beauty. lis lour plaies are by Mr. W. B. merated would flow from the consummation of the efforts of the COOKE, whose style is the same as that of his brother, Mr. G. Cooke, Reformers?

a style essentially differing in its general execution and effect from that of WOOLLET and LANDSEER. Landscape engraving in line,the no

blest species,-(though the rest have their peculiar meriis)-may be FINE ARTS.

mainly divided into iwo kinds; that with a fineness of line wliich gives

a more abundant touchiners, which is the Messrs. Cooke's; and the Retsch's Illustration to the Fight with the Dragon. Betech. In

There are two

thicker and more open, which gives a more distinct grain. They are ways by which the beauties and defects of Art can be estimated,-by a

both extremely beauiiful. This last number contains-1. Mont Blanc, 1 * comparison with the established works, and by the better comparison

from a height above Lyons. "Il commands a noble view of the valley with common and select Nature, from which those works are taken. The

through wirich the Rhone winds, bounded by mountains, over which power therefore of deciding upon the degree of beauty or defect in the

Mont Blanc is distinctly seen, glittering in brightness, as the distance of Aris, is in a precise ratio with the power which Nature herself has be- |

near 100 miles."--2. Tarascon, a castle on the Rhone, in which is seen stowed of righily apprehending her, and of the opportunities which have the talent of Mr. Dewivt, at giving interest to an indifferent object, by occurred of conieinplating Nature and her best imilarions in Ari, or in

The charm of a lively light, like the agreeable lighung tip of a plain face or her words, of cultivating the natural taste. Hence the great differences

by a good-Tempered vivacity.-3. The Bay of Marseilles.-4. Triumphal of opinion respecting it ; for not only the opportunity, but the power of Arch of Marius at Orange; in its proportions beuuuful, and though in seeing Nature, and her representatives, Painting and Sculpture, differs decay, still rich in its ornaments of relievos, &c. The mixed profuseness in different persons. Some are all eye and sensibility in their presence ;

and nicely of marking would become the graver of even the archiothers " have eyes arid see not,” and no sensibility. This is always

| lectural Le Keuxs. The beautiful light of sunny nature upon this fine strikingly evident in a walk with them abroad, or into a gallery of Art. structure, and the structure itself, are not inapt devotings of the brilliant We have frequently accompanied persons, who have not only been powers of Nature and Art which have combined to the production of wholly indifferent to the usual aspects of inanimate Nature (which have

this plale,

R. H. always sufficient charm to the insteful to prevent repetition from pro.

[Notes of several Lithographic Prints in our next.] ducing indifference) but who have even scarcely noticed its rarest beauties,-a clear starry or moonlight night-a magnificent rainbow-a varied and extensive prospect-or a golden and all-coloured sunset. But THEATRICAL EXAMINER. even among those who really relish the beauties of Art and Nature, there are such diversities and degrees of opinion and feeling, that scarcely two

· Esclish Opera House. are found exactly to agree about any given work; a difference that necessarily arises from the various temperaments of mind and imagina.

With a laudable spirit of enterprise, and encouraged no doubt by tion, mainly perhaps inpressed at the birth, and varied by the innume,

the success of Der Freischutz, the proprietors of this theatre produced rable influences of domestic habits, education, &c. But though there for the first time, on Monday last, the operatic play of Turrare, from are diversities of sentiment, there is seldom or never a very great or at the French of BEAUMARCHATS. Every student of the French drama least entire clashing of opinion among persons of taste, as to ihe existence is well acquainted with the singular, pertinacious, and intriguing chaof genius where it really does exist." No one with any just pretensions racter of that adventuring dramatist, who, on the production of the to taste ever denied, for instance, thai SALVATOR Rosa had genius, though Marriage of Figaro, contrived to involve the whole world of fashion they may differ as 10 the comparative degree of talent glowing in his mind, and or in of NICHOLAS or of GASPAR Poussin. There is a power in

in France into parties, and with the most facetious adroitness to genius which bends every susceprible mind to its homage ; for genius in

delude them into controversy on the subject of his theatrical morale. Art is the power of showing forth those beauties or energies of Nature,

The subuilty of his finesse, the deep spirit of his intrigue, and his in which the susceptible mind delights. It is thus that there is but one

Mephistophiles-like appeal to the tendences of the minor legion of opinion as to the existence of genius in Edwin LANDSEER, as an Animal demons which more or less inhabit all human bosoms—the mere Painter; and in WILKIE, as a Painter of Familiar Life. It is the same, shadow of all which is presented in our operatic versions might have we believe, with the German Artist Retsch. As far as we have ob discovered the secret; and so it did eventually, but then everybody served and understood, his Illustrative Outlines, whether by his own had read and seen the play in the interim. Of this singular writer and hand or by the able one of HENRY Moses, are universally attractive character (for he was both) Turrare was another experiment, in which among the tasteful. They contain some of the best elements of design, his object'appears to have been, to strengthen the dramatic interest of composition, and expression ; and are so much to the purpose, that we are reminded of the force of German and the grace of Italian design; as if a

opera by dialogue in musical French verse, and to claim for a portion of the mind of ALBERT DORER, of DOMINICHINO and Guido. had species or romantic action the advantage of music. The composer, passed into the sensorium, and moved the hand of the Artist. They SALIERI, the musical disciple of Gluck, happening to be his friend, have an occasional mixture of briskness like that of the awakening agreed to aid him upon his own plan; and the result was the opera, viol, with the fancy and heart-moving tenderness of the Eolian harp. or play, or both, of Tarrare, in five acts, which the English adaptation Such are his Faust and Fridolin, and his just now published- Illustration has comprised into two. French authors, like Buyes in the Rehearsal, of the Fight of the Dragon. This consists of 16 outlines by the unequalled have always felt a great inclination to insinuaie the plot into the hand of Mr. HENRY MOSES, appended to the original text by Schiller, boxes; and in this instance BEAUMARCHAIS, told a long story of his with a translation by J. P. COLLIER, Author of The Poetical Decameron. I design. His obiect, it seems, was to contrast an unhappy tyrant who The story has the unvarnished simplicity and feeling of a legendary tale,

has everything in his power, with a virtuous hero who bears great misand is highly chivalrous; for it tells of a Knight who rescues an island from the ravages of a Dragon by his stratagern and courage. Plate 1.

fortunes with fortitude yet with feeling. The happiness of the one exhibits a man with clasped hands, lamenting over the destruction and exasperates the other; and the piece opens with a kidnapping of miseries in dicted by the Dragon, who is seen in the distance about to the wife of Turrare, the principal source of his felicity, into the destroy two people. His female companion is fainting at the sight. seraglio of Atar the tyrant. A rebellion takes place; and, to the 2. The Herdsmen in dismay, and a flock and herd scampering confusedly confusion of Atar, and an intriguing chief Bramin who seeks at the sudden approach of the Dragon.-3. The monster rushing from bis for the advancement of his son, the oracle declares that Tarrare covert and surprising two pilgrims.-4. Several Knights disconfited or can alone succeed against the rebels. The latter meanwhile, having killed by the Dragon.-5. A young Knight listening io the account of the

found out that his wife is in the seraglio, aided by a friendly Italian Dragon's seizure of a child.-6. The Knight reconnoitring the Dragon.

slave, gets within the walls in the disguise of a mute, but is disco 7. The Knight superintending the making a mock Dragon, on whose volnerable part he is to practice his mastiffs for the encounter with the

vered, and condemned 10 execution, together with his wife Astasia, wher real Dragon.-8. The mock encounter.-9. The Knight at his devotions party of the soldiers mutiny, and rush into the temple lo rescu previously to the fight.-10. His dismissal of his Pages before the en. them. Turrare, virtuous in every extremity, immediately chides the counter.- 11. and 12. The Fight.-13. His Pages lifting him from the rebellious crew who dare to dispute the will of their sovereign,-an ground to which he had been pressed by the fall of the Dragon.-14. incident very French in sentiment in the time of BEAUMARCHAIS, but The Knight's triumphal passage to the Cloister.-15. His trial before ibe Tartar-like in practice at no time. It however succeeds; the repentKuighes of St. John, for having fought the Dragon in violation of their ant soldiers lay down their arms; and Atar, subdued, restores the virorders.--16. His coutrition, with the reconciliation of the Master of the tuous pair to liberty, and promises to Turtare the second place in the Order.

empire. In the original, with much more consistency, the amiable Viers in Provence and on the Rhone. The Messrs. Cooke are in the ligliest class of our engravers of landscape. This, in conjunction with

monarch, intent upon poetical justice, puts himself to death with his great proinpitude and industry in their publications, gives them a popu. own sword. We have very cursurily told the story of this drama, larity wlich brings their works in quick succession before the public. I because in fact there is very little to interest in that respect. Nothing and a conseqnent demand for our frequent notice. This we have giver can be more tame and trité than the dialogue, in which we should to the five qumbers of their and Mr. Allen's licks in Provence and on noi have recognised BEAUMARCHAIS for a moment, hoorberen lopen aware of the original; and even then only in a portion of the snip

TO SIGNOR VELLUTI." snap betwera Culpigi, an adroit Italian slave, and Ninelto, his fart

COMPOSED EITEMPORE IX A BOX AT TBL OPERA, ON SATURDAY, AUSCST 13.

. Tue volce of past sweetness las slept on mine ear, and intriguing wife (also a captive)-a supposed ci-derunt actor and

Oh! no inore ' will awaken ies lingering straio; opera-girl. All the rest was very much in our own melo-dramatic

It has fled like a fond fairy vision and here style of dialogne, which it is altogether unnecessary to define. Weat

There lives no soft Echo io tell it again. length therefore arrive at the music, which, independently of much

When those tones which for us have just breathed their farewell, splendid scenery and decoration, supplies the grand attraction in the

Thou art wuking for others, far, far o'er the sea, present instance, both in regard 10 novelty and merit. It is spirited,

· Then' how oft will regret on thy minstrelsy dwell, and indicalive of the style of SALIERI, who is said to have sooght to And a sigh from this bosom ve wafted to thee. combine the melody of Italy with the harmony of the German school,

No! never, VELLUTI, oh! never shall fade possibly to the abatement of both in their highest degree, but cer

On remembrance that voice, though I hear it no more : tainly not to the exclusion of a very great degree of attraction. Speak

Like the bright smiling West, still in beauty array'd, ing generally, we encounter but few of those exqnisite melodies and Though sun-set has faded, and daylight ico'er.

Moi. passages which haunt the delighted ear for ever afterwards, and iningle in all our musical reininiscences. On the other hand, the accompa

VELLUTI. niments, althongb fine, are deficient in fullness, and give little or no WRITTAS IN REPLY TO TRE POEN IN THE XXININER OF AUGUST 7. opportunity to the wind instruments. All this, however, by the way;

Ag! cease, VELLUTI, vor thus vainly try for, if not to be compared with masterpicces which, like the Der

To wake the world's cold yarrow sympathy: Frcischutz of WERER, emanale as it were from it single overwhelming

Ilope not io Pily's sillen wreath to bird train of associations, Tarrure is still a cousiderable musical treat,

The heart angenerons and the longue unkind. rendered much inore so by be extraordinary power and exertions of

And though 'eis inhumanity indeed

That can rerint when the defenceless plead, BAHAM; the hero of the piece. We never sw this great vocaust more

Or moving eloquence like thine unheed; decidedly bimself, ibat is to say, more excelleut in his own comprehen

And thiny slighted wrongs demand redress, sive variety. In an interpolation said to be fromanoiber opera of SALIERI,

As claims ihy sale our genllest tenderness of a snirited march happily arranged to appropriate words on the subject

Yet ah! while learls are strangers to the name of“ Revenge," he was encored tivice, and performed a task which few

Of mercy, what has wretchedness to claim ? but himself could have adequately executed, with extraordinary energy

Still, mitist the faunts of our wufeeling world, and spirit. BRAHAM is sarprisingly obtuse to hints; had he lis

Midst each unmaniy sliaft around thee huri'd. tened to friendly advice, he ought to have retired some time ago ;

And ih' seorn thai froin lliuokindly spirit springsyet he still remains the musical dramatic champion of England still

Refleet (tho'small percliance the balm it bring) unapproachable power. Miss PaTON also appears to considerable

Reflect, that 'rix unworthy bçarts alone

Mock the unhappy--the defenceless scorn advantage in this opera, and sang with great streetness and variety

And deein, while to compassion you appeal, " " of intonation. ller part in a beautiful terzetto_“To woman's charms

That heart beneath regrel, which cannot seel. surrender" likely to be the most popular piece in the opera-was

Ile in whose haughty and repulsive eye particularly admired A young lady of the nange of Hamiltos, we

Ne'er beam'd the hallow'd lear of sympathybelieve, made her debut in the heroine (Astusia ) Allowing for embar.

Ile who will calm indiff'rence could behold rassment, it was a respectable performance; but something more of

The trembling drop in thiga, and yet with cold variety and sweetness is wanting in the voice, and of facility in ex

Mule apathy and narrow selfishness ecution, which may possibly follow additional cultivation and prac.

The voice of soft humanity supiirros, lice. II. PailLipš performed the tyrant, and sang occasionally very

And from thy path of -adress barshly tear

The liitle boon that might whed comfort therefinely. A Mr. ATKINS, a pupil, we understand, of Mr. llawes

Ol) heed him not; No poor, so base • prize (who has arranged and superintended the production of this piece),

Is 'meath invoking, pay, benenth despise. also made a first appearance on this occasion. Ile possesses a power

And say not, 'mongst ille rude and heartless thron zs ful bass voice, which he displayed in the appropriate character of

That thus.qublushing trample on thy wrongs, the chief Bramin to considerable advantage, and was very well

Midst looks of scorn and lofry arrogance, received. THORN had but little opportunity in his very silly part,

There beams no eye of gentler, inilder glance ; bnt executed the vocal share assigned to him pleasingly. On the

Say not, for thee there dows no pitying tear, whole, this get-up is likely to prove attractive through the season,

No soul to love thee, and no voice to cheer :

One heart there is one heart at least, would brids although certainly uot after the manner of Der Frieschutz. As

To friendship's shrine its sacred offering. a drama, it abounds in incongruities; for instance, worship

Yes! here, VELLUTI, here thon'it ever find pers of the sun, or. Mahometans, we hardly know which, are found

Nor tongue augen'rouis nor reprodch unkind; votaries in the temple of Braina; just as if a rogue of a chief priest

Flere beats at least one sympathizing breast, s. (a part of the plo:) would not have been found in a religious worship

Where thou mayst lay the weary head to rest, which a Persian or any one else might have attended. The opera

And tell thy sorrows; and when the rude was warmly applauded, altlongh we have heard that many English

Rougb biruit blast of us man's ingratitude professional musicians are dissentients. Speaking of the public at

Comes sweeping by:-when on thy pensier, mind large, this will go but a little way; and we doubt not that the spirit

Rise friends far bence, and days long lefi behind ;of the proprietors in this species of revival, and the engagement of

When all around looks desolate and lorir,

And nothing meets thee fave the cold world's scorn :first-rate talent to support it, will be adequately rewarded. Q.

When from thy breast awaken the mournful sigle,

And the sad tear comes freinbling to thine eye, SOTTHAMPTON THEATRICALS-MA. Keax.-Mr. Kean has been

'Ah! then to th' lieart of gentle Friendship come,

And be ilat heart thy refuge and ihy home. performing here with great success. The very flattering reception he met rith, and the immense applause bestowed upon him by crowded

THE “ LIVING SKELETON." and fashionable houses, called forth that energy of soul that characterises his all-expressive powers. His round of character was never

There is a sort of rabid curiosity which afflicts the inhabitants of this more ably sustained; the audience was frequently electrified by the

metropolis, and which, like canine madness, seems to increase with the force of his natural acting. Miss COLLINS, who played Meg Over

influence of the dog-star. It is, accordingly, at ibis season of the year

that speculators' generally attempt to Turu iliis disease to account by sbe reach in A New Way to pay Old Debts, could with difficulty be kept introduction of wome extraordinary novelty. Not suinmer panses with from fainting, in the last scene. Mr. KEAN, the night of his benefit, out its Mermaid, its Fire-enter. or its Bonassus; and the public are now .chose to descend from his bigh station, and exhibit a mixture of the invited, at the moderale charge of half-a-croren a dupe, to the wpectare

mountebank and madman in the farce. “Oh the pity of it, lago!" of an emacinird. Frenchman, under the attractive litie of a Living . We know no greater enemy to Mr. Kean, than himself. He should Skeleton." This exhibition is one of she most impudent and disgowiog be advised better; for “ though it may make the unskilful laugh, can attempts to make a profit of the public appetite for novelty, by an inde pot but make the judicious grieve." Mr. Kean, together with Mr.

cent exposure of human suffering and gradation, which we are ever kelly the Manager, dined at Gloucester cottage while he was here.

witnessed. We are not, bowever, abont to gratify the person who has It is! is a vowed intention to proceed to America after his Liverpool poses of a public exhibition, by expressing any extraordinary indignatina

dragged the victim of his cupidity from his native country, for she purenga ement. - From a Correspondent.

at his conduct. He is, no doubt, perfectly aware of the advantages of the

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* puff collusive," and would be well content is should go forth to the version io ibe columns of the Examiner, the crack of your thong" will public, that the Living Skeleiço," as he styles this inforionale forcigner, afford much satisfaction to justice and humanity, and to, Sir, jours is a sight which nobody ought to see, and which, nevertheless, everybody respectfully, we

VERITAS. was profligare enough to be running 1o see. We shall better defeat his mercenary object by elating, that a momih's atiendance in our Ilospitals

SUICIDES.-. is sufficient to render such spectaclcy as this " Living Skeleton" but 100 By favour of Thomas Higgs, Esq.the Coroner for the City and Liberty familiar to the eyes of the student, and that we have frequently seen of Westiniuster, we are unabled to lay before out readers the following cases of emaciation, from phelisis and disease of the meseriery glanils, acrount of the number of Suicides coinmitted in that City during the last quite as afflicting as that for the exbibition of which an alleippt is now | 19 years :made to extract inoney from the pockets of the public. As to the stale

Yrs.
Men. Wonen. To

Yes. Mrn. Wonen, Total.

IS12 - 16 ment, that this wretched individual enjoys a state of perfect health, it is,

IS20

.. 19 upon the face of it, ridiculous; and the slightest examination of the patient

26

17

93 establishes its falsehord. It is a case of disease and suffering to which the public are invited disease, for which there is no remmily, and suffi-r. ing, which adinits of no fermination, excepe that which is likely to be

.. 26 accelerated by the daily exposure of the palient's person in a state of

***17 .. 13 nudity, to be gazed at and handled by idle and senseless spectatore. We

18 .. 13 .. 7 .. 20

207 .83 ... 290 . were sorry to find that the person who has lironght over This unfortunate

| 19 .. 18 .. 6 .. 24 foreigner, un let the hypocritical prelence of promoting the interests of The number of suicides committed during the Novembers of these 13 seience, is an Englishuman, bot our surprise was somewhat diminisleit on years is only 22, being an average of not quite iwo in'the November of hearing that he is also a Saint. It is inder Providence," it seeins, ilial each year, while the munber cominilled in June of these years is 31, ani he hopes to be the instrument of advancius science. by exhibiting a THIN average of nearly three. This fuel sufficiently proves that there is no FRENCANAN al'two shillings and sixpence a-head! The following is the truth in the proverb, whiclı speaks of Nove uber as the inonth in whirl exquisite paragraph in which this pious purpose is announced:

Englisloinen lang or drowia lliein-elves. Inited in the Noveinber of win this enlightened age, when science has advanced with rapidt

each of the years 1812, 1815, 1929, anj 182 +, ilere was not a single: strides, and borne down before it every prejndice which ignorant nnd

suicide, and ihat loo), be il remembered, ill a city, the inhabitants of interested pretenders have altempled to oppose to its course; wlien the which, according to the census of 1522, aifound 10 182,414. On the excellence of the arts, of literátore, coinmerce, che.nistry, and medicine, total of the ihirleen years, May and September are ille months in which have arrived al great perfection, owing to fair discussion un.open

the least number of suicides were committed, the number in pach of inquiry, every ir ad must seel proud and conscious that he is renderings

these inontlis, fur the whole period, being only seseldeen. The next true and imporlam benefit lo mankind in general, and to his own couniry lowest pre August and (cober, in wine monithe numbers are nolle. in particular, whenever he is the instruinent, through Providence, of teen, and next to them coines November. I will be spel from the bringing before the observation of scientific inen any object calculated, above table, that the aggregate nilimber of suicides luring the years 1912 thronglı their inquiries and researclies, to meliorate the general condition up to 1816, inclusive. y - 129, being an nuntal average of 45 4-511, aud of our corporeal.late, and render os inore intimniely acquainted with the iliar froin the year 1816 to 1824, inclusive, the number was 161, making forination of the human frame, and the extraordinary sports o! nature,

an average of 20% a year ; consequently there has been anring the incil occasionally exhibited in its construction."

eiglie years, a reduction on the average of tearly six suicides every year. Cant and hivpocrisy are here prominent enough! In the name of Joe

I will also be scell, that the number of meu coinmunting suicide exceeds Borns, what cloes the Showman mean by stating that the exhibition of

exhibition of that of the order sex in the proportion of five lowo-- T'imes. such an uninteresting creature is calculated either to“ proinote the interests of science," or " meliorate the general condition of our corporeal

. SHOPKEEPERS' ITOURS OF BUSINESS. stále;" To is it appears capable only of exciting disguist. We have. On Friday evening a Meeting of Shopkeepers took place at Ilie London have, however, no inore *pace lo allot to the subject, but may perlinps Coffee tronse, to take into consideration the propriety of chisiny heir recur to it, if this outrage on public decency should be persisted in.-Lan shops at a certain hour.Mr John WAITIIMAN was called in the chair. cel.-(For our cwn part, we would much rather read a descri;tion of this The CHAIRMAN snid, that thongli lie tad no concern ist ein Veuing the oliject, than see him : at all events, we are fully content with the adıni. I present meeting, it he concurred with those who thought a limitation of rable portrait of him given in Mr. Ilone's Every Day Book, which is so ihmir hours of brsiness would add to the groral respectability of trade, complete a picture boil of the figure and the expression of his face, that and be most convenient in their assistants. He onderstood that some togeiter with the accurate and well-written account or his appearance, resolutions were prepared for ile purpose of carrying into thect the object in the same publication, it leaves us without lie smallest curiosity on the of the pronoters of ihis meeting. subject.]

Mr. SuOOLBOED said thiol, impressed will the propriety of carrying

into effect the objret aluded in, toe held in his loand a string of resulurious OPPRESSIONS UNDER THE EXCISE LAWS.

which he would submit to the peeling · TO THE EDITOR OF TJIE EXAMINER.

The resolutions were ibeu severally secondred by Mr. PIERse, and put

Exeter. Aug. 6, 1825. from the Chair. The first was declaratory of the propriety of closing SIR,Some time ago, two convictions under the Excise laws took their shops at earlier hours-than was the preseut practice; and in answer place in this city, originating closely in the following circumstances:

in the followiny circumstances : - to a questivo puit hy one of the counpaliy, the Chairman explained, what A Pubtienn, who brew his own beer, way visited early in the morning by the traders alluded to, were generally she liver drapers, sitk-thercers, the Exciseman, and discovered loy him rersioving his beer from one vessel haberdashers, and hosiers. The first resolution was carried waariviously ; ilito another, without having firsi entered the same on a printed paper, the next, which recommended the following hours for closing business, left by the Excise in the brewhouse for Wiat purpose. On the examination, was carried with only three dissentients:-10 November, Decruber. il turned out that the publican could not write, and that his danglier, January, and February, to close their shops at seven o'clock; in Mureli, who acted as his clerk, being unwell, did not come down so early that April, Sopiraber, and October, ut eight; My, Jurup, July, aud August, morning as she was wont to do. This fact was sworn to, as the sole al Dint ; and on Salinday nighis, for the public convenience, to keep cause of the non-entry. The other who laid the information was thus open au hour later. About 100 persons attended this inertin. interrognied by the publican's attorney:--Did you suspect that the defendant had any fraudulent intent? No!-Now, upon your oath, ender

EARLY SHOP-SHUTTING... the circumslances of this case, was there any poSSIBILITY of the defelle

TO IVE EDITOR OF THE EXAMINER. dani's practising a fraud on the revenue? No, there was nol ! - Penally

MR. Epitor,-n your paper of Sunday Post, I perceive a letter from a adjudged against the Publican, 151.-'The next charge was against an

shopkeener, willo proposals froin the shopien of ihe metropolis, for cura Auctioneer, for exceeding the period of six weeks in the payment of 41.

tailing the hours of business. These proposals, I am told, have been or 51. auction duty, all the other forms of law had been complied with, and not an indication of fraudulent intent was atleinpled to be set up

prelly generally circulated among the shopkeepers; but as they are with against the defendant. Penalty indicted, 121. 10s. but afterwards reduced

out an adulress or ostensible rallying point, there is no mode of receiving 1o 51, on tie delendant's utter inability to pay more being established

or giving such information as miglit etlecially promote the object se On the same day, the convicting Magistrates three in number) dincd at

1000ba to be desired by shopkeepers, as well as ibeir assistants. I have an inn, drank thieir Madeira and Pori, and the whole charge thereof was

spokea with a great number of shopkeepers on the subject, and have found *** pnt to the account of the Collector of Excise." This dinner was ordered

tive in all ardently desirous of promoting the plan, and forwarding it will - before itie convictions took place, and the practice of the Magistrates

their monry, if ibrat should be necessary; and the project only wants to dining at the expense of the Collector of Excise 1198 been frequent and

be respectably takes up, to insure the concurrence of every shopkeeper uniform.- What would be said, Sir, of a system of jnrisprudence, which

in London. As lo tire tessure itself, nothing can be more imperiously made the fee of the Judge dependent on the conviction of the prisoner: culled for. Sue's, of bale years, las been the spirit of opposition amon and yet this would appear to be the uniform ease under all the Excise sliwpkeepers, that oue is keeping open a little longer, and another is keew convictions in this city, at least up to the time of those now alluded to, ing opeu a liule longer thau hia orighbour, uulil the hours of 10 and 11 If, Sir, you sfiould think this cirqumstance-as well from its principle, as o'clock have become generally adopted for closing the shops. Perhe the oruel and demoralizing effect in produces fil subject for onimnd. ereg tbese hours would not be so fraught with hardship, if the labours

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che day ended with the slutting the shop; but in many trades, there is

BANKRUPTS. work to be done that keeps both inasters' and shopmen occupied till be. W. Forsler, Philpot lane, wine-merchant. Solicitors, Messrs. Barrow Iwren one and two in the morning, to the total ruin of their health and L and Vincent. Basinghall street.

omforts ; so that it may be truly said, that the life of a London shop. G. Walker, Wollaston, Northamptonshire, butcher. Solicitor, Mr. Hode Kes per or slopman is fraught with the most abject and debasing slavery.

| son, St. John street road, Clerkenwell. The shops are as much of an accommodation to the public, as the public J. Masser, York, tailor. Solicitor, Mr. Capes, Holborn court, Gray's inn, co the slops, and by circumscribing the hours of business, there would

R. Hooton, R. Richards, and W. Wilkės, Bordesley, Warwickshire, ironbe just as much trade carried on.

| manufacturers. Solicitors, Messrs. Tooke and Carr, Gray's ina.

J. Baker, Bath, carpenter. Solicitor, Mr. Makinson, Middle Temple. Would the Stock Exchange, or the Bank of England, or the Banks, or

Saturday, August 20. Ensurance Offices, or the merchants at the Royal Exchange, do any more

BANKRUPTCY ENLARGED. business by extending their hours? Then why should not the shopkeepers | J. Porser. Bowverslane. Camberwell, dyer, from the 13th inst. to the ist confine their hours within something like reasonable bounds, instead of

of October next." ; Eacrificing so much to the detestable vice of avarice? Take a specimen of

BANKRUPTCY SUPERSEDED. : * be daily life of a shopkeeper :-From the tine of leaving his bed vill be

S. Hodgson, Halifax, iron-founder. returns to it, he was no rest; even his meals he cannot take in peace with

BANKRUPTS. his family; and anything like regularity (which is the essence of health

S. Hodgson, Dover-street, Piccadilly, wine-merchant. Solicitors, Messrs. and comfort) is entirely out of the question ; he is allowed no time for

Pope and Brewer, Blomfield street, London Wall,
Dealthful exercise, but is confined to the enervating drudgery of the
Counter from 6 or 7 in the morning will 10 or 11 at night. Such a life

T. Crowder, and H. T. Perfect, Liverpoul, merchants. Solicitors,

Messrs. Taylor and Roscoe, Temple. 30on drives him to calomel and colocynth, as a substitute for oatural ex. 1 g. Peake, Milion. Siningbourne, shipwright. Solicitor, Mr. Richardercise, temperate recreation, and refreshing rest, unlil, in what is genel son. Cliegoside, rally considered the prime of a man's life, he is under the necessity of | R. Hansford: Combe Down. Monkton Combe. Somersetshire, victoaller. abandoning his dear shop in the superintendence of strangers, to retire 10 Solicitor, Mr. Makinson, Middle Temple.

he counlry with a pocketful of prescriptions, in the raio hope of prolong-IG. A. Lingham, Whitechapel road, wine-merchant. . Solicitors, Messrs. ing a miserable existence for a few years.

Gatly and Co. Angel court, Throgmorton street, I have been informed, that the plan proposed is to obtain the assent of B. Connolly, Great Portland street, tailor. Solicitor, Mr. Gray, Oid shopkeepers to the project, and to raise subscriptions to maintain thos Broad street Chambers. shopmen out of employ, who may refuse to serve where the lale hours may P. D. Tuckett, Gloucester, grocer. Solicitor, Mr. Hindmarsh, Jewis be continued. My opinion however is, that this plan will not answer the street, Cripplegate, end anticipated, and that nothing short of an Act of Parliament will pro. duce moanimity, any deviation from which will frustrate the whole There Tae Funds.Consols sull continue to look downwards, alıbough the are many Acts of Parliament for purposes similar to this; such are all acis depression is trifling, but the market is very dull. All the jobbers se For enforcing conformity in corporations and societies of various kinds, to be at a stand both in the Home and Foreign markets. The Scheme where a mere compact would be nagatory.

market is more active, but even here there is very liule real business There can be no doubt, if the trading community of London required done ; yet new Companies still make their appearance; as for instance a en Act of Parliainent to enforce unanimity agniost a practice that is so Gold and Silver Refining Company, and a Madeira and Canary Stean atteily ruinous to their health, comforts, and morals, but that the Legis | Packet Company, and a Company lor Cleaning Manchester Gouds, bare ature would grant one; the matter therefore only requires to be taken up commenced an ephemeral existelice within these last few days. The

y some respectable men; and if instead of obtaining signatures to the last mentioned Company exciles considerable merriment; a proposal to compact, they were to obtain signatures to petitions to both Houses of cleanse Manchester politics would have been much more popular. Parliament, they might get the matter in train by the next Session. IL believe there are few shopwen in London who would not gladly subscribe = sovereign pach, to furiler the object; and I believe the shopkeepers

Consols, 893%

New 4 per Cents. 1031 1 vould give from 11. to 201. each, for the same purpose.

Reduced, 90g

Consols for Account, 897

34 per Cents, reduced, 98# Dralers in provisions and drugs to be exempt. Shopkeepers to be

· PRICES OF FOREIGN STOCKS YESTERDAY. able to a kne of 11. if their shops were not closed in 15 minutes after the

Brazilian Scrip 44 dis.

Mexican Scrip (1825) 3dis. cime ; if not withiu half an hour, to pay 5l. to be recorerable before a Ditto Account, 45 dis.

Ditto Account. 3dis.
Magistrate.

A SHOPK BEPER.
Colombian Bonds, 57

Spanish Consols, cet

Ditto for Account, 22

Ditto Account (1821) 84} Holborn, Aug. 16, 1825.

Greek Bonds, Account, 41

French Reptes, 5 per cent. 102 f. Ditto Scrip (1925) Acc. 124 dis.

50 c. 102 f. DRESS-MAKERS.

Mexican Bonds, 75

Exchange, 25 f. 10c.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE EXAMINER.

S. W.'s communication from Woburn place, which we received yesterday, was SIR, Your nbs rvations on the hardships endured by numbers of young too late to be of any service, an article on the same subject being already in men inte en loy of the London shop-keepers, are honourable to your type. If the writer should wish to forward upapers of a like kind at aux humaniis.

future time, he will be good enough to send them earlier in the week.

The LETTER to the CHIEF JUSTICE, respecting the King's Bench Prison, and I solicit your efforts in behalf of another class of sufferers, whose hours

other communications, in our next. of labour are frequently protracted far beyond what is proper or neces

Qry. The class I refer to are the yoong women who are in the service of
Orres makers. As their endurings are private, and not exposed to the

THE EXAMINER.
observation of the public, they are little reflected upon, and to most per.
ons they are unknown.'

LONDON, August 21, 1825. I appeal to those of high rank amongst my countrywomen, whether they vould give extensive orders on condition that they shall be completed in ucli an mureasonably short time as to compel those who, from the seden. |

.." Tue foreign arrivals during the week have supplied very litile specific Eary nature of their occupations, are often the most delicate of their own

information, in addition to the usual routine of events. The French sex, to devote to Inlour the time that is necessary for repose.

papers very naturally abound with comments and observations on the I know it is urged as an apology, that the holding of a Drawing Room

agreement with Hayti, which certainly, in a commercial point of view, was become (since the late King's time) an admirable. illustration of the

is a masterly step on the part of the French Cabinet, and not without caprice of a Court, and that it cannot be expected that a lady shall order dexterity in reference to a lingering claim to permanent sovereignty. an expensive dress wouil she has some concidence that an opportunity will That the mode of according the favour to Ilayti (such as it is) is not occur for wea ing is. Lord Mayor's Day, however, and the Easter Bull, agreeable to the Charter, which demands a legislative sanction, is a are not subject to so much uncertainty. Dresses for ihese occasions might discovery made by certain French politicians. - We cannot inagine be ordered before the eleyenih hour.

anything of less practical importance, the said Charter having already A gala day to all the rest of the world is, to a dress-maker's employée, been perforated like a cullender. Still the fact of another breach, a day of drowsiness and exhaustion.

just after the utterance of a solemn oath on the part of CHARLES X August 19.

to abide by it, is somewhat mal-apropos ; but the revived Sorbonne,

under ils new name, will reconcile this case of conscience, we doubt FROM THE LONDON GAZETTES.

not; and at worst, La CHAISES and LE TELLIERS are now again Tuesday, August 16.

favourite occupants of the royal confessionals. Reverting to comBANKRUPTCJES SUPERSEDED.

merce, it is scarcely necessary to add, that Great Britain will lose I. Barnes, Denvington, Suffolk, merchant,

almost exactly in proportion as France gains so much for our A. Sıracban, Liverpool, master mariner,

over-profound regard for Legitimacy!

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