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Mr Martin's Solicitor said a few words in support of the application, | Mr Spilsbury said he had, and handed in a letter, bearing the twoand cited the case of « Butt v. Nathaniel Conant, Kot." It was there ruled penny.post mark, to the Magistrate,--Mr Conapt baviog read it, obthat « Justice of the Peace has authority to issuo his warrant for the served, that such a letter certainly ought to be published, as it might arrest of a party charged with having published a libel; and upon the further the ends of public justice. It was as follows: neglect of the party so arrested to find sureties, may commit him to prison,

« No. 29, Northumberland street, Strand. there to remain till he be delivered by due course of law."

“SIR,_From a very close intimacy for more than ifty years with the Mr MINSHULLI was aware of my authority, upon a proper affidavit unfortunate J. G. Muirhead, Esq. I can mont truly and faithfully assure being made. My answer to your application, Mr Martin, is, that I shall you, that he is one of the best, most hospitable, and beperolent men lis. take care that Mr Clement be here to-morrow to answer your charge...' ing. Il really he is guilty of the indecencies laid to his charge, 1 more

Mr Martin thanked bis worship and departed.--Mr MINBHULL, then pity than blame him. Alas! we are all, eren the best of us, poor, weak, issued a warrant for the apprehension of Mi Clement, with directions to imperfect creatures; and let him who, laying his hand upon his heart, can Perry to execute it with delicacy.

say, I am unconscions of any secret sin, throw the first stone at poor On Friday morning the Magistrates were again occupied by Mr Martin Muirbead. You, my good Šir, have it in yone power to perform a praiseand his cemplaints, The Hon. Member corrected an error in one of his wortby action, by saving that poor infirm man, of 78 years of age, from former assertions, as to the non-appearance of the article from Blackwood

shame; your apprentice, the chief evidence against him, is in costody, in any other paper but the Chronicle; he now stated, that it had also been and your bail for his appearance on the day of trial is 801. Non, good published in the Morning Herald, and, as he would not make fish of one Sir, if by any means you can contrive to get him out of costody and let and flesh of another, he should bring that libel also before the Magise him enlist to go abroad, I willingly, u an old friend of Mr Muireading trates.Mr ADOLPHOs now appeared for Mr Clement, who was unable to take upon myself not only to reimburse you the 802.. but to add 5001. altend from indisposition, and made various observations tending to show

a present. As there is nothing unworthy a perfectly honest man in what that the articles complained of were mere badinage, such as had uever Il propose, and which you may with perfect propriely accede to, I shall been held to be actionable. He understood (Mr A said) that Mr Martinexpect your written answer; after which, should we agree, I shall ape had been greatly offended at having his name coupled with that of an point an interview somewbere out of town, to avoid being Interrőpted. ass. Now the ass was a very innocent, useful, and respectable animal, Address to me as above.-Yours, &c.

« Jo. Evans, Sen." and if either party had reason to complain, it was the ass. He did not « M, Spilsbury, 8, Poland street, Broad street, Golden square. know whether there was any affinity between Jack and Ricbard, but in Mr Conant said tbat he expected, before the termination of the boy Essex the ass was always called Dick-ass-“ Ho, my Dickey!” After Lane's mouth of imprisonment, the trial of Muirhead would come on. proceeding in this strain for some time, Mr A. made some ironical allu.

MARYLABONNE. sions to Mr Martin's modesty and humanity; and now (said the learned

ATROCIOUS OUTRAGR.-On Tuesday, Alfred Flowers, Edoard Flowers, Gentleman) he has the audacity to come forward in support of that most

and William Golterall, were charged with the following inbaman attack improper affidavil

upon Mary Sullivan.-It appeared from the evidence of the sister-in-la. Here Mr Martin, who for some time had exhibited symptoms of the

of the injured woman, and her husband, that at about half past one o'cloek greatest impatience, threw bimself forward on the table, and exclaimed,

on Tuesday morning, they were returning along Oxford street to their in a tone of violent anger—" You scoundrel, how dare you say it is an

residence; the women were some distance in the rear, their husbands improper affidavit?" Mr MINSHOLL.-Mr Martin, I am astonished. I must hold you to

having gone forward. At the corner of Berners street the three prisoners

came up, and one of them exclaiming, “ Here's one a-piece, go it," con bail, Sir.

menced taking improper liberties; the women remonstrated, and the Mr Martin (to Mr Adolphus). I say you are a scoundrel.

injured woman, Mary Sullivan (who is in the last stage of pregonacy) told Mr MINSHULL-Sir, I desire you to hold your tongue, and I must hold

A. Flowers of that circumstance, and implored him to desist, but he still yon to bail. Mr Martin.-I bave said it, Sir; do as you please with me.

dragged her on, and her cries brought her husband and his two friends

back, and they suon released the woman from the defendant's rude grasp. Sir R. BIRNIB —Mr Martin, you have said you are a Magistrate-pray

Flowers showed figbt, and the injured woman's husband knocked bim pay some respect to the Bench here, whatever may be the custom in Ire.

down, and they fought a round or two, during the continuance of which land.

both their hats fell off; Flowers seized both hals, and was ruaning avis, Mr Adolphus begged Mr Minsbull would not hold Mr Martin to bail

when Mrs $. stopped him, and asked him for her husband's hat. He on his account: he felt no apprehension.

made no answer, but retiring a few paces, and with all the force be was Mr Martin was about to reply to Mr Adolphus, when

capable of, he kicked her on the abdomen : the poor woman shrieked 'Mr MIKSHOLI, said he should determine the case at once, without

dreadfully, and fell senseless to the ground. The ruffian filed, but a gerallowing another observation. He had heard sufficient to authorize him to

tleman who witnessed the transaction pursued, secured bia, and beld him call upon Mr Clement to give bail.

until the watchman came up. In the meanwhile the poor woman was Mr Martin wisbed to make one or two observations in reply to “ that

raised almost lifeless from the ground, in a most pitiable state ; ber bua. man” (meaning Mr Adolphus), but Mr Minshull would not allow it.

band was nearly frantic, and would have sacrificed Flowers on the spot Mr Dowling - It is quite evident, as we could have shown, that Mr

had he not been prevented. E. Flowers and Gotterall escaped in the conMartin can say one thing and swear another.

fusion, but on coming to the office to ascertain the fate of their companion, Mr MINSUULL said he would not allow such remarks to be made.

they were taken into custody, and placed in the bar aext him.-Alfred Mr Adolpbus asked the amount of recognizances that would be de

Flowers solemnly denied the charge, and said the complainants had manded; and being told, Mr Clement in 2001. and two sureties in 1001.

| attacked him first. The others contented themselves with a general stateeach, he said, “ The amount is a matter of total indifference to my client

ment to the same effect. Mr GRIFFITHS said, he did not recollect eter -he pays his debts and has no privilege." The Learned Gentleman then

haring met with a more infamously brutal outrage; it was that kind of left the bench, and would have been closely followed by Mr Martin, who

one which even an uocultivated savage would be ashamed of. The Ma.. seemed in very angry mood, had not the Hon. Gentleman been stopped

gistrate ordered Alfred Flowers to be remanded for further examination, almost by force by Mr Minshall.

and desired the other two to find bail.-On Wednesday, information was Bail to the amount required was then put in, and here for the present

received that Mary Sullivan was in a most dangerous situation, and that the matter rests. The office was much crowded.

she had had a premature delivery.-M GRIFFITHS was applied to in the The following are the passages in Blackwood alluded to:"North : course of the morning to receive bail. He consented to receire tbe bail It is not possible to define cruelty to animals, so as to bring it within the for two of them, but he could not, be said, consistently take the bait of salutary operation of the law.-Tickler : Pray, Mr Richard Martin, did Alfred Flowers, until he received a certificate from Mr Fenner. the soryou ever try to drive a pig, or to keep a flock of sheep, or & drove of geon, that Mrs Sullivan was out of danger.--It was stated that the child cattle together, in the midst of the riot, tumult, and confusion of Smith- was not expected to live, and that the mother was lyiog in great agony at field ? It is no such easy job, I can tell you ; and nothing short of a most her wretched apartments, No. 13 Adam and Eve court, Oxford street, and impertinent' and provoking poppy must that person be who stops short a in a very weakly condition, without common necessaries in her peculiar drover in all his agonies of exasperation, for merely banging the bide of situation. Her husband is a labourer, with two helpless children. an over-fed ox, about to join the colours of another regiment.-North:

UNION HALL. WHY DON'T THEY MURDER HIM AT ONCE.-Tickler : Oh! On Wednesday, James Wood, a resident of Brixton, was charged with be can't expect to sit in another Parliament."-Blackwood's Edinburgh an assault upon a young female, named Sarah Capil, who described bere Magazine, No. CIV, Sept. 1825. Published by William Blackwood, self as a dressmaker. She stated, that on Saturday she had some basiness Edinburgh; and T. Cadell, London.

to transact at Tulse hill. When at a short distance from Brixton, she net MARLBOROUGH STREET.

the prisoner, whom she had seen before, and asked him to direct ber. He CAsk Of MUIRHEAD.On Friday, John Burton Lane, the apprentice requested that she would allow him to escort ber across the fields. She of Mr Spilsbury, jeweller, in Poland street, and the principal witness in consented. They had not proceeded far along the fields, at a lonesome the case of John Grosset Muirhead, was brought before Mr CONANT, on spot, close to which was a thick hedge that completely intercepted the the complaint of Mr Spilsbury, for running away, and enlisting into the view of the road, when the prisoner, without having given her any reason lodia Company's service. The apprentice did not deny the accusation, to suspect his intentions, attempted to force her into a compliance with his apd, for the offence, the Magistrate committed him for one month in the wishes. Providentially, she said, she was possessed of strength, and House of Correction.

exerted it to the utmost, otherwise she must bave fallen a 'victim to the Mr Conant said, I understand, Mr Spilsbury, you have received a attack. She bad called out during the time of the assault several times, Jetter, containing an extraordinary proposal as connected with the case of but no one came to her assistance. This assertion was contradicted by Moirhead."

Wooda, who declared that tbe complainant made no resistance. Tha

facts were, he said, these :- A few weeks ago he was left a widower, and Lately, a boy, about six years old, at a house ia Pembroke court, Bristol,
this being known to the lady, she was desirons of becoming mistress of his in the absence of his mother, poured melted lead into one of the eyes of his
house, and actually told bin so previous to what had taken place on the brother, only four years old!'
way to Tulse bill. He had rejected the proposal, and baring subsequently fatal Duel.- A duel, which terminated fatally, took place on
wet her on the abovementioned day, they walked for some distance along Saturday week, at College Hill green, two miles from Epping. The
the fields, but there had been no promises on his part, por the slightest deceased turned out to be a gentleman of the name of A-, who was
- resistance upon her's; bot afterwards, she expressed herself as follows: conveyed to the Half Moon, where he died on Monday. He was
« Mr Woods, I hope you'll take me home now." He said, “ Certainly attended by Dr Hughes, of St George's fields, who was on a shooting
npl" Then," said she, “ Mr Woods, I'll take a warrant out against visit at Mr Holdsworth's, near the spot. They were seen by some husbandry
you, and swear a rape against you." '« You may do that if you like," men only. The wound was on the left side below the breast, and the
answered he, and they separated. He was perfectly innocent of liaving ball had passed through slantingly.-The gentleman who lost his life
used any violence, and assured the Magistrate that she only fabricated | was originally manager of an extensive Manchester house in the city,
the charge in order to be revenged upon him for not selecting her as his who afterwards realized an independent fortune, and built a house at
mistren. The Complainant declared this was false; he had not accom Edmondon, where he resided. His antagonist, Mr S-d, was formerly a
plished her roin, as he would insinuate ; but he liad made desperate efforts hop-merchant, who lately retired from business. The parties were
to effect it, which she, however, resisted and prevented. The Magistrale distantly related, and the disagreement was a family one.
said, that the defendant had aggravated his case by the defence he had SQICIDE.On Thursday night a Coroner's inquisition was held at the
made, -and-beld 'him to bail to apswer the charge at the sessions. .

Artillery Arms Tavern, Vauxhall' road, to inquire into the death of Miss
Elizabeth Georgiana Burt, 16 years of age, daughter of Mr Henry Burt,

of the house of Wood and Co. the brewers, in the Horseferry road. - Mary ACCIDENTS, OFFENCES, &c.

Gale' stated that she knew the deceased, who resided with her father in On Satnnday se'nnight, between eleven and twelve o'clock, the family Willow street, Vauxhall road. On Tuesday evening she met her, and of Frederick Tolfrey, Esq. Hans-square, Slogne-street, was thrown into the descased said, that some person had told her that James Grant, a the greatest consternation by the sudden death of the above gentleman, youth with whom she kept company, had been seen walking with another who, it appeared, had committed suicide by cutting his throat... young lady. Witness laughed, and told her not to mind it. She seemed • An inquest was held on Friday at the Holland Arms, Brixton road, on terribly affected, and shed tears. Witness saw no more of her until about

the body of Mr John Spottiswoode, attorney.The deceased was taken tep o'clock the next morning, when the deceased was crying bitterly, and unwell about three o'clock in the morning. Mrs Spottiswoode called for on witness asking what was the matter with her, she said she was very ill, assistance, and on the servant entering the room, she found the deceased and requested her to go and fetch Mrs Thatcher. Witness repeated the dying, and before medical assistance arrived, be had breathed his last. interrogation. The deceased then said she had just taken bali an ounce It was proved that the deceased was extremely well when he went to bed, of arsenic, and exclaimed, “Oh, I am dying! I am dying! Witness went ate bio sapper, and smoked a pipe afterwards. The Jury returned a ver to Mrs Thatcher.-Mrs Thatcher said, she went immediately, and saw the diet of-Died by the visitation of God.

deceased sitting on the sofa, weeping, she seemed to be dying Witness During the performance of service on Friday week, at Shouldham street instantly ran for Mr Painter, the surgeon, who came, and used every Chapel, Bryanstone-square, the congregation were thrown into a state of means in his power, but she died after the most bitter agonies, in the evendreadful alarm. Mr George had just commenced the evening service, ing.-Mr Burt, the father of the deceased, said that he had of late obwhen part of the ceiling fell with a violent crasb; the confusion of the served a great alteration in his daughter's behaviour, and had no hesi. congregation can scarcely be described-every person made a rush to the tation in saying she laboured under an aberration of intellect. He knew door, which was completely blockaded, and in the midst of the general nothing of any intercourse between her and young Grant.--Mr Kendrick, alarm, another violent crash was beard, and immediately after about one-oilman, stated, that on Wednesday morning, Miss Burt came into bis shop, fourth of the ceiling, with the rafters, &c. fell upon the congregation, and asked for half an ounce of arsenic, to kill the rats. Had he suspected many of whom thought the whole building was falling, and that ihey were for what purpose she wanted it, of course he would not bave served her at doomed to destruction. The doors at length being cleared, every person all; nor would he had she been a stranger. One of the Jury thought succeeded in getting into the open air, several fainted, and ofbers fell ex. Mr Kendrick had acted highly improper to sell such a dangerous drug to haisted from their exertions to esenpe, and the injuries received from the an inexperienced person. The Jury returned a verdictwo" That the de. falling materials. No person however received material injury, and the ceased poisoned herself in a state of temporary insanity.". .alarming occurrence is attributed to the use of green wood in the con- Ao inquest was held on Tuesday, at the Coach and Horses, Gulstone straction of the rafters.

street, Finsbury, on the body of Mr Abraham Cohen, aged 49, a wealthy EXECUTION.-On Monday morning Patrick Welch paid the forfeit of his merchant of the Jewish persuasion. The deceased had for a considerable life, for the murder of bis wife.-Since bis condemnation his demeanour time laboured under à depression of spirits, which was supposed to have had not at all changed; be talked indifferently about his execution, asked been occasioned by the death of an only and beloved child. He was a some questions concerning the ceremony, and on being told that his body gentleman of sober habits, and of the inost inoffensive and amiable dispo. would be given up-for dissection, he seemed to shudder, but soon recovered, sition. On Sunday moruing, the servant heard him go dowa stairs about with the exclamation of, “ What odds is it!"_He confessed his guilt, and six o'clock, but she thought he was as usual going to the synagogue. said, that he struck bis wife on the bead several times with the back of a | About two hours afterwards she went into the yard, and there found the brush, but after he had committed the act, he said, he felt its enormity, and deceased head foremost in the cistern. The Jury returned a verdict of would have done anything to have brought her to life again. He passed losanity. the day before in taking leave of some friends, and slept soundly several MYSTERIOUS APPAIR. --Mary Ann Harris, a young girl, about 13 years hours during the night. At half past seven o'clock the Sheriffs met their of age, appeared at the Chelienhain police office, accompanied by her uucle, officers in a small room in the inner lobby.--Ata few minutes before eight and an elderly man named Webb, and deposed to the following extraoro'clock he was introduced. He looked very pale, but walked carelessis, dinary circumstauccs : She said that for weeks past she had been anlooking around with an air of indifference. As the clock was tolling eight noyed by a person about five feet eight inches in height, of sallow com

the officers prepared to conduct hiin to the scaffold. He then said, « Would plexion, having dark hair and eyes, a projecting mouth, with thick ugly * your Honour allow me to say one prayer, if you please ?" Sheriff Brown lips, and his cheeks very much indented, who has been in the babit of fol

assented; he knelt down with his face towards the wall, and seemed to lowing her, and endeavouring to speak to her, writing her love-letters, pray with much fervour. The prisoner haring concluded, stood up, and&c., and that between five and six o'clock on Weduesday evening be saying, “I am prepared in the name of God," walked quickly and firmly evertook her on the road leading past Cambray Cottage, aud seizing her through the passages, and mounting the scaffold, took his position under by the nose and chin, he poured a narcotic draught down her throat, the fatal beam : be looked round until the cap was drawn over his face. the effect whereof instantly deprived her of her senses, and she was unThe preparations of the executioner were 500g completed, and the drop conscious of every thing that was passing, votil she found herself carried fell. He struggled violently for a few minutes, and ihen expired. When I past the Sherborne pump-rooin. From thence she walked with bjm for the body had hung for about fifteen minutes, the executioner and his as. some distance down Badgworth-lane, where be violated lier person. On sistants removed a part of the chains froin around the scaffold, and after I arousing from a state of stupor, she saw him sitting by her side, and he uotying the wrists of the deceased, an old woman, nearly seventy years of I then desired her to eat a large piece of a substance resembling alu, age, attended by a youth, stepped on the scaffold; the executioner placed with wbich, be said, he meant to kill her, and told hier he should wait his arm round her upck, and proceeded to rub it with the hand of the male. | there till he had seen her eat it up. This she at length pretended to do, factor ; he continued to do This until the poor old simpleton had nearly but watching an opportunity she threw it over the hedge, and he attempted,

fainted away, when be desisted; but, after the lapse of a short time, re but in vain, to recover it. He then said, “it was no maller, he should | newed his exertions with the other hand. When he had finished, the find soine other way of killing her;" and she became again insensible,

woman put on her bonnet and shawl, and coolly walked off the scaffold! and was, as she supposes, carried by him to the top of Suffolk square, ! Should inch disgusting absurdities be allowed by the Magistrates ? where he left her, telling her to go bome, “ for she was then drunk

FIRR - About two o'clock on Wednesday morning, a fire broke out in enough."--That violence was offered to the girl is certain ; but there the house of Messrs Kay and Co. liuen-drapers, King street, Covent is something so improbable in the statement of her being carried, in a

garden, wbicb almost instantaneously communicated to No. 14, occupied state of insensiblity for nearly one mile, in the public walks of Cheltenham, ! by Mr Downs, woollen draper, and the two houses burnt with a fury and in the light of day, that the story appears to us incredible. At the

that threatened destruction to the adjoining buildings. In a short time same time, it is but fuir to add, that we know there has been a person, the back of the two houses fell into the church yard. At the same time wbose appearuuce accords with the girl's description, ia the habit of the top of No.12, occupied by a tailor, caught Gre, and it was lamentable outraging decency in a very shameful manner, and of whom the police are to hear the cries from the persons in that bogse; but no lives were lost. Tin search.Cheltenham Chroniele.

ALARMING FIRI.-On Monday evening a fire broke out in the Strand, that the promo

na; that the promoters of savings banks should manifest such near Temple bar, about half past nine o'clock, in the interior of the house of Mr Harris, a tailor, of 222. The watchman and some strangers pass

a strong dislike to benefit societies. A prejudice of this ing, burst open the doors. The watchman states that at that period the kind, prevailing among educated men, is more discreditstaircase appeared to be only part on fire. In a very short time the flames able than the distrust, which, in their ignorance, the burst with great violence through the front windows. The house of Mr

working classes have entertained of the designs of GoveraEssex, the pawabroker, was in a short time on fire. The whole of the upper part of Mr Er's house is destroyed, but bis jewellery and other valu.

ment, in giving encouragement to these benevelent schemes; able articles have escaped. The house of Mr Price, an umbrella-maker, but both prejudices, we trust, will speedily be removed. , Anois also considerably injured.

ther disadvantage under which these benefit societies lie, will MARRIED.

be greatly, if not entirely, removed by the present report. On the 15th inst. at Norwich, Thomas Watson, Esq. M.D. of Henrietta An opinion had prevailed it seems, indeed, to have been street, Cavendish square, to Sarah, daughter of the late Edward Jones, Esq. of ind.

industriously and sinistrously propagated—that benefit socie

in.lvand ciniotruely neangcated that benefit conie: Brackley,

On the 2a inst. at Andover, Douglas' Skelton, Esq. of Lincoln's Inn, to ties had been made a cover to raise funds for purposes of comCharity, the youngest daughter of Mr Parker, of the former place.

bination. No direct evidence of this has been adduced at all, DIED. On the 28th ult. at Belle Vue Place, Llinlithgow, aged 91 years, Mr Edward

w. aged 01 years, Mr Edward and the probabilities are entirely against it. That workmen Williams, late of St James's place, London.

-if the society consisted chiefly of one class—should, when On the 14th inst. in James' street, Buckingbam gate, Thomas Brodie, Esq. many years employed in compiling an Index to the Journals of the House of met for one purpose, occasionally talk of another, may be Lords. At Ryde, Isle of Wight, on the 20th instant, of cholera morbus, Sarah, the

true ; but the existence of a benefit society did not lead to wife of W. S. Jones, Esq. of the Crown office, and of Caroline place, Guildford such a result. For combination purposes, the men would street. In the East Indies, by the upsetting of a boat on the river Ganges, G. A.

have met otherwise; and as the degree of foresight and rePaxton, Esq. of the Bengal Cavalry, youngest son of the late Sir W. Paxton, flection is greater among those connected with benefit socieaged 19 years.

On the 17th inst. at Hampton Lodge, Surrey, Edward Boeston Long, Esq. ties than the general mass, there is every reason to suppose, On Wednesday, at Leamington, Henry William Knight, Esq. of the firm of that combinations, if talked of at all at such meetings, would Knight, Jones, and Knight, St James's square.

be discouraged by some, and the views of the combining BENEFIT SOCIETIES.

workmen greatly moderated by others. We cannot, in short, Report from the Select Committee on the Laws respecting conceive of any occasion on which the principles and objects

Friendly Societies. Ordered by the House of Commons to of combination could be discussed, with such prospects of be printed, 5th July 1825.

ultimate good as at meetings, or at least among the indiriThis report is on a subject which concerns the best interests duals associated for mutual protection against the conseof the labouring classes; and which is, therefore, of the quences of sickness and death. The true cure for all evils of highest national importance. The Committee have entered this kind is to be found—not in the terrors of the law-bat upon, and finished their task in a proper and liberal spirit; in educating and enlightening the classes among whom they and through their labours, we trust, both the higher and lower originate. ranks of the community will be disarmed of their prejudices; The legislature, without dictating as to conditions or the one will come to have less jealousy of those below them- rules, should content itself with conferring advantages, and the other less distrust of the general government.

affording protection, respecting the funds of all benefit socieThe Committee speak favourably of Savings Banks, and ties which contain no stipulations contrary to public morals respectfully of those who have taken an interest in founding and public law; and with affording premiums or remunerathem; but they have not shut their eyes to the great and tion to those who shall digest the best tables and regulation. obvious fact, that all the individual savings of the most frugal | Any other course must tend to rivet the prejudices of the of the industrious poor, are swallowed up by the additional people, and excite new apprehensions respecting the designs charges of a few weeks' illness; and that there is really no of Government; and if the system of advice and encourage other method by which, in regard to the casualty of sickness, ment be steadily pursued—if occasional abuses and failures the labouring classes can secure independence, and a suitable are not suffered to affect the opinions and conduct of the inprovision while unable to labour, than by mutual insurance. fluential classes--the labouring partof the community will soon Saving habits, a provident regard for the future, and an be brought to perceive that a complete system of registration honest and creditable desire of independence, must exist in of rules, recording of casualties, &c, in their own books, and those who save the contributions payable to benefit societies, ample periodical returns, in the way of digest, of their whole as well as in those who put money into savings banks; and, transactions, is indispensable to their own security, and to the when a sound principle of mutual insurance has been adopted, ascertainment of those principles on which the utility and the accruing benefit is immeasurably greater. Wherever (say prosperity of each society depend. At present there is a want, the committee) there is a contingency, the cheapest way of far beyond what is generally supposed, of data for establishproviding against it, is by uniting with others, so that each man ing tables or rates as to sickness, marriage, births of children, may subject himself to a small deprivadion, in order that no &c. and the opinions of persons of science and experience are man may be subjected to a great loss. He upon whom the very much and strikingly at variance with each other. It is contingency does not fall, does not get his money back again, no wonder, then, that most of these benefit societies have been nor does he get for it any visible or tangible benefit; but he established on wrong principles, the common error being that obtains security against ruin and consequent peace of mind. A of underrating the payments necessary to provide against bad common fund, in all cases of contingency, is not less obviously health and superannuation in the more advanced periods of in favour of the public. The depositor in a savings bank, life. While the members are all or chiefly young, the society who falls into habitual sickness, or reaches old age, must | appears to flourish; but as they advance in years, the greater either starve or fall wholly or partially upon his friends or part of them have become insolvent. In England, too, great neighbours for support. In this country (England) the poor abuses of this nature have arisen from societies of this nature laws would bring him upon the parish. The committee (it is having been set on foot, or encouraged by landlords of publicadded) are very conscious that in thus comparing, as they feel houses, who contrive to have the meetings held, and much a bound, savings banks with friendly societies, they should not the funds spent, in their own taverns. Much injury has also be understood to depreciate the former; all they insist upon been done by persons who make a business or profession at is, that for the particular purposes to which friendly societies being clerks, book-keepers, and treasurers to such societies. are applicable, savings banks are entirely inefficient ; and that Mr Glenny, Actuary of the Royal Union Association, Ladtheir purposes are highly beneficial to the people and the state. caster place, London, states that he has seen the books of

It is lamentable, therefore, we had almost said disgrace- nearly 200 friendly societies, and that he has not met with ful, for it is so in regard to their intellectual capacity- one instance of even a decent system of book-keeping; arising

ematian

not so much from the complexity of the transactions, as the an insurrection in Valencia, headed by General Chambo, - ignorance of the book-keepers. The society to which he be- and one in La Mancha excited by General Locho.' Orti

longs was instituted, in a great measure, to encourage the guela in the province of Burgos, and another chief Chambo in establishment and improvement of friendly societies throughout Grenada, have followed the example of Locho, and proclaimed the kingdom. And this is proposed to be carried into effect, Charles V. The parties which have as yet joined the stanby awarding premiums annually to the founders of the best dards of these leaders would appear to be very insignificant, friendly societies—to the person who shall suggest any mani- but they are certainly strong enough to excite the alarms,

fest improvement to the greatest improvement in book-keep- and probably to' endanger the security, of a weak and dis- ing—and, more especially, for the best returns that can be tracted Government. made of casualties, sickness, death, and other contingencies of friendly societies.” The Highland Society are also offering Great preparations are described as going on at Presburg premiums to the schoolmasters of Scotland, who shall assist for the coronation of the Emperor, as King of Hungary. The the friendly societies, by framing and teaching systems of King of Prussia was expected at Paris on Friday afternoon. book-keeping adapted for these institutions; and it is con- The following extract from a letter by the Malta packet: templated (says Mr Oliphant), that, in the course of a few "St Maura, Aug. 1. We have just heard that the Greeks years, their books will be so arranged as to afford every desir- have made an offer of their country to the English, which of able information.

course must be refused. They are doing badly, and have In the meantime it seems to be the opinion of the most therefore hit upon this expedient of getting themselves out of intelligent of the witnesses examined by the Committee, that, difficulty. Missolonghi still holds out, but it must fall in five

as the data for calculating allowances on death, and for or six weeks. The Turkish fleet, it is understood, is returned - annuities or allowances to old age, are much more complete to Alexandria, to obtain another reinforcement of troops." than those which regard sickness, marriage, birth of children, We mentioned a few weeks ago, that an estate about a

&c.—the payments on account of each casualty should be mile to the west of this town, which was purchased 30 years - kept distinct from each other—and especially that the pay- ago for 10,0001. had sold or was selling at a price which

ments for sickness should be kept separate from all the rest. would produce to the owner 80,0001.; and we have now to - Some are of opinion that the increase of sickness is commen- state, that certain landed property at the opposite side of the

surate, or nearly so, with the decreasing value of life. Dr | Aire, which was bought at the conclusion of the American Price's tables are calculated on this principle, and various war for 451. an acre, has been sold within a few days for proofs of coincidence, on a pretty extensive scale, are given; 1,5001. an acre. These high prices have induced the noble but the sounder opinion seems to be, that a more extensive proprietor to offer for sale a large portion of the Holbeck and wider experience is yet necessary towards a right settle-township.-Leeds Mercury. ment of the question. And as sickness—when the members of a society are considerable-seldom, like old age, overtakes

| 3 per Cent. Consols, 884. New 4 per Cent. 1822, 10334. Consols great numbers at once, any reasonable payment on this for Renz account may be fixed as a minimum, and the rate may be raised for one or more years if the demands for sickness shall

LONDON MARKETS. have increased. The funds of the society may thus be kept

CORN EXCHANGE, Ser. 26, 1825. -and with perfect justice towards its members—in a state Supplies since last Monday moderate. Old Wheat as last quoted ;

drafte upon it on account of this New Samples Is. & 2s. 6d. dearer. Barley ls. & 2s. 60. lower. ' Beans commensurate with the drafts upon it on account of this

and Peasrather dearer; and Oats dull at last Monday's prices: Plour is important casualty of sickness—while the pensioners for a

generally considered at 60s. sum payable on death, or an annuity or alłowance com

CURRENT PRICES OF GRAIN. mencing at a specified age, are exacted, and the proceeds

Wheat, red ........ 67s. 72s. | Boilers .............. 62s. 66s. preserved separately. By periodical or occasional rectifi

Old.......

60s. 70s. Small Beans.......... 428. 48s. cations, much may thus be done to prevent insolvency; and

White, new ....... 64s. 745. | Tick ............ 36s. 42s. if accurate accounts be kept, and fair returns made, as to

Old............,
64s. 76s. Feed Oats........

23s. 258. all casualties, it may, at no very distant period, be possible Grey Peas ......

445. 47s. · Poland ....... 248. 28s. Old....... 40s. 42s. i Potatoe ............

24s. 30s. to frame tables of rates applicable to all the proper and

Maple........

48s. 50s. Scotch ............. 31s. 33s. laudable objects of benefit societies. · An error which has

White .........

... 50s. 55s. | Flour, per Sack ....... 50s. 60s. often been fallen into, requires only to be pointed out, to

Aggregate Average Prices of the Twelve Maritime Districts of Engguard new societies against its consequences; and it is this, land and Wales, by which Exportation and Bounty are to be regulated that, not adverting to the circumstance that Dr Price has in Great Britain calculated his rates for the casualty of sickness up to the age Wheat per Quarter, 658. 10d.-Barley, 41s. 100.-Oats, 26s. 3d.-Rye, of 65—without including anything for illness or superannua

42s. 9d.-Beans, 45s. 9d.-Peas, 48s. Id. tion after that period, many societies have established rates,

SMITHFIELD, Sept. 26. as if the payment for sickness, under 65, would also meet the

Beef is selling this morning at 4s. 8d. to 58. per stone for best cattle, demands on that account, or by reason of superannuation, I

and 4s. 4d. to 4s. 6d. Mutton remains steady, and Veal from 6s. to 6s. after 65, when they have necessarily increased in a tenfold

per stone. Lamb and Pork the same as last week. ratio. When old men were admitted, or when the members

To sink the Offal-per Stone of 8lbs. attained advanced age, this error led unavoidably to insol- | Beef ...........4s. 8d. to 58. 28. 1 Veal. ......... 6s. Od. to 68. 6d. vency.

Mutton........ 4s. 8d. to 5s. 4d. Pork.......... 6s. Od. to 6s. 4d. The report is full of enlightened views, and the evidence

Lamb 58. 4d. to 6s. 2d.

HEAD OF CATTLE THIS DAY. given in the appendix contains a great mass of useful infor

Beasts

............... 2911 | Pigs mation.-The Scotsman.

Sheep ................... 22,760 | Calves.................... 202

100

POSTSCRIPT.

PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW.

Hay..........£3. 10s. to £5. 58. | Straw ........ £1. 188. to £2. 6. MONDAY, Sept. 26.

Clover £4. to £6. Os. The Paris papers of Thursday and Friday contain long "accounts of the disturbed state of Spain. They afford fresh

In a few days, in post 8vo. price 10s. 6d. proof that the revolt of Bessieres was not a solitary uncona | ATTIC FRAGMENTS. By the Author of the Modern Athens,".

and “ Babylon the Great." nected event. It has been followed by certain intelligence of London: printing for Knight and Lacey, Paternoster row.

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