« AnteriorContinuar »
***** COMBINATION OF WORKMEN. ***** | must end. As it is, with a law probihiting cheap food, ts On a former occasion in writing on the subject of the Com- mechanic cannot live on the miserable" pittance which hi bination Laws, we expressed a hope that the tumultuous pro- employer is obliged to restrict him to, if he would keep hi ceedings of the operative classes would subside before the manufactured article at such a price as shall enable him to authorities of the country were irritated into a re-enactment enter the market on the same moderate terms as his foreig. of the old laws, which were felt so oppressive to the skill and rivals. The mechanic cannot exist decently, if at all, on this industry of the mechanic. We have been disappointed inļittle,—the master, if he would profit by his trade, canect this hope. Combinations to a great extent have been organ- give more. Here is the dilemma. This is one of the many ized, and confusion spread in all the manufacturing districts. evil consequences of a restriction on the importation of coro. Every branch of trade has been seriously affected and the How far, -to continue the chapter of political paradoxes,– commercial prosperity of the country appears to be endangered,
| this measure is necessary for the preservation of the agricul. if some conciliating measures cannot be devised to reconcile
tural interest, for the collection of the taxes on home consumpthe conflicting interests of the master and the man. Hann tion, for the raising the value of money commensurate with
The violent and uncompromising spirit displayed by the the vast nominal amount of the national debt, is the considerlabouring classes in the present dispute, the arbitrary means to ation for another time. - To return to the Combination Lawi. which they have resorted to enforce the accomplishment of It is generally understood that measures will be taken to pretheir aim,-though in a degree to have been expected in vent the association of the working classes for the purposes men who have long suffered, and whose minds cannot be sup- they at present contemplate. It appears from what we have posed to be disciplined into philosophic' forbearance,-have before stated, that one class must be sacrificed to the otherbeen most injurious to their future welfare.
the rich to the poor, or the poor to the rich. The rich hold We fear it will be found when the question next comes the power--the poor then will be the victims. That they before the Legislature, that they have frightened and alien- will obey the mildest legislation that the unfortunate circumated many of their former friends, and confirmed in their stances of the country permit, we trust—that they will resist, prejudices many of their old enemies, who were willing | firmly but not riotously, any unnecessary and harsh or vindic perhaps to abate something of the rigour of the law, which tive enactments, we hope. Let them at once desist from the had long placed the poor labourer at the mercy of his measures most complained of, let them petition Parliament oa haughty employer. We are surprised and disappointed that the subject of the grievances—let them point out the hardthe information which is now so generally diffused among the ships--the difficulties-of their situation, let them appeal to useful classes, did not point out to them the fatal consequences the country-to its justice, to its humanity, for such protecof their conduct. It was easy to foresee that the wealthy and tion as their usefulness is most indisputably entitled tothe powerful would be on the watch for, and ready to avail Kent Herald. themselves of the slightest irregularity and inconvenience arising from measures which oppose their interests ; much
POSTSCRIPT. more, then, will they now. insist on the necessity of curbing their refractory workmen, since the first use of their freedom,
MONDAY, OCT. 17. has been productive of a national embarrassment and dis- Some days ago a paragraph in a Paris paper stated that
| M. de Damas, the French Minister for Foreign Affairs, had But while we regret the circumstance of their misconduct, I given a dinner to the black Envoys of Hayti. No mention we can scarcely blame the unfortunate mechanics, who are was however made in the paragraph of the presence of the the victims of the discordant state of affairs in this country. diplomatic corps. A letter from Paris describes the difficulIn the natural contest between rich and poor, between the ties with which their sable Excellencies had to contend before employer and him he employs, while combinations on either they could approach the Ministerial table, and mentions the side are made illegal—though it will be recollected that it is important negotiations which took place before the members much easier in this respect to watch over any controul the of the Holy Alliance could settle the point whether the repre: many workmen, than the few masters who may conspire sentatives of revolted slaves could be admitted to eat and almost in secrecy,while things are in a healthful and fair drink in the presence of their legitimate ambassadors. It is condition, labour will ever obtain from wealth its just reward. the usual custom with the Foreign Minister in France to But when, as is now unfortunately the case with England, a invite a pew Envoy to dinner immediately on his arrival, and long course of misgovernment has deranged the social state, to introduce him at the King's levee on the Sunday following: and implicated the different interests in never-ceasing con- | The Haytian deputies coming to France with a large purse it ficts, Jwhen a national encumbrance has been entailed, to their hand, remembering the enthusiasm which the French support which from time to time all sorts of ruinous expe- squadron expressed at the admission of the Royal ordinance dients have been adopted; when restrictions are one day for their independence, and trusting that there was some imposed and the next taken off, to ease some temporary pres- meaning in the toast of " Charles the Liberal," imagined sure which is directly felt in an opposite direction; when the that every official saloon in Paris would be open for their best-disposed and most sagacious Ministers would be (say, reception, and that his Majesty would be impatient if it so pleaseth, are)—confounded between their liberal incli- welcome despatches from his sovereign brother and all nations and the necessity for harsh measures, well may, in the President of the Black Republic. But the taste of this distempered and chaotic state of the political elements, the King was completely mistaken. He neither likes a black the humble and suffering mechanics deviate into error and face nor a liberal sentiment, having been taught, by the cry injustice, while endeavouring to secure their rights, while of the absolute and legitimate party in Spain, to confound å struggling for their bread-for their existence.
negro with a lover of freedom. He was therefore exceeding : The Corn Laws are most intimately connected with this wroth with Baron Mackau for allowing his health to momentous difficulty, if not the cause of it. The operation is drunk with such an addition to his title, and turned his back obvious enough. If the free importation of corn were per- upon him when he appeared at St Cloud. M. de Villele, la mitted, nobody doubts that the price of bread, and of provi. order to show that he had not taught this diplomatic bird in sions generally, would be infinitely lower. The mechanic wrong lesson, imitated the example of his master... then could afford his labour at such a price as would enable Mackau, however, did not forget his Haytian friends, aze his employer to compete successfully with the foreign manu- seeing it impossible to introduce them at Court, exerted facturers, without which in these times of general peace and self both with the Minister of Marine and the Minister in universal intercourse, the commercial greatness of Britain Foreign Affairs to get them an official dinner. The forums
(M. de Chabrol) was inclined to yield ; the latter was for lo
POETICAL WORKS OF THE LATE LORD BYRON.
THE TWO CONCLUDING VOLUMES of the WORKS of the some time inflexible. Couriers were dispatched to Vienna, The LORD BYR
| late LORD BYRON, uniform with both the 'octavo and foolecap Editions, Petersburgh, and Madrid. At last Baron de Damas con- and accompanied by double Title-pages and Labels, so as to complete BV ERY
EDITION of the Works now in circulation:
Persons possessing Editions of the Works issued before the later Pieces were Envoys bad a kind of concealed repast, like that given by a written, should
written, should, in their orders to their Booksellers to complete them, specify
what Editions they have, how many volumes, and what is the last poem or play. rich man to his poor relations. These gentlemen are far from The following POEMS may be had separately, as at first published: being satisfied with their treatment, and now find a more 1. The Age of BRONZE; O Carmen Seculare et Annus haud Mirabilis.
2. The ISLAND; or Christian and his Comrades. Hitoa"} congenial society in the contractors for the new loan which 3. The DEFORMED TRANSFORMED ; a Drama.
Published by Hunt and Clarke, Tavistock street, Covent garden. they are empowered to negotiate.
WORKS published by HUNT & CLARKE, Tavistock street, Covent garden :OSTEND, Oct. 12.-An extraordinary report has reached LA GENERAL BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. To be com
In Monthly Parts, price One Shilling, us here from Brussels. It is said that an Englishman of A pleted in one thick volume, 8vo. by the publication of a part every month.
« Among the many cheap and useful publications now issuing from the press, rank has suddenly set off post from thence for Italy, leaving w
we have scarcely seen one which unites so many excellericies as this Biographical Dictionary. It exhibits a fine specimen of typography, and has a merit which belongs to very few low priced works. The editor, who is evidently'a person of learning and talent, has drawn his materials from a very great
variety of sources, which he has faithfully indicated; he has taken many which I do not choose to repeat, as to the real causes of this
Larticles from books not in general circulation, translated or abridged others gentleman's unexpected flight.— Evening paper.
from foreign dictionaries or journals; and what is still better, he has infused inte the whole a degree of taste and spirit which we should look for in vain in
some biographical compilations of much greater cost and pretension.” -Scots3 per Cent. Consols, 88, New 4 per Cent, 1822, 1034. Consols man, July 30, 1825. for 8844
“ We are happy to see the system of publishing in Cheap Monthly Numbers extending to Biography. This work is neatly printed in double columns, and
contains a well digested and well written Manual of Biography. The Editor LONDON MARKETS.
appears to appreciate duly the relative importance of the several individuals whose Memoirs are given at a length proportionate."-Star.
. CORN EXCHANGE, Oct. 17, 1825. « Mr. Brougham has expressed his regret that many of the cheap publications Supplies since last Monday very good. Old Wheat as last quoted ; were not of so useful a character as might be wished. The present work, how
ever, combines utility and amusement, and if executed throughout in the spirit New Samples are rather dearer. Barley rather higher. Beans and
of the first Number, will be a great acquisition to the mass of readers.”-Morn. Peas rather cheaper; and Oats dull at last Monday's prices. Flour is
ng Chronicle. generally considered at 60s.
* It is compiled with industry and judgment, while the execution of the work, CURRENT PRICES OF GRAIN.
in regard to paper, print, &c. is such as would do credit to the most costly
publications." _Globe and Traveller, Wheat, red ........ 64s. 72s.
585. 60s. P Boilers ..
** Another beautiful specimen of cheap printing, applied to one of the most Old............
60s. 70s. Small Beans.......... 42s. 488. useful of all the purposes which printing can fulfil-the history of the wise, and White, new' .......... 64s. 70s. Tick
36s. 42s. great, and good, of past ages. We need not recommend it, for it is morally certain
of due encouragement from that great class of readers to whose pecuniary means 64s. 76s.
22s. 24s. Feed Oats...
hiefly adapted; whilst its treasures of information are for all conGrey Peas ............ 468. 478.
ditions, tirnes, and circumstances."--News of Literature. Old.....
40s. 44s. Potatoe ............ 253. 32s. 1 " From the specimens before us, we must avow the work to be admirably Maple..iii........... 478. 49s. Scotch
315. 33s. I penned and wholly un tainted by the vices of party, which too generally per
vade writings of this description. We have in its all-embracing leaves the White .............. 42s. 523. Flour, per Sack ....... 50s. 60s.
( very marrow of Biography. As to typographic exetation, it is equal to the Aggregate Average Prices of the Twelve Maritime Districts of Eng- most expensive books of the day. This work must prove of incalculable service land and Wales, by which Exportation and Bounty are to be regulated to the grand effort of general improvement.”_Sunday Monitor.**
<< The published numbers of this work are most creditable to the editors, and in Great Britain.
contain some exquisite specimens of luminous and concise writing. So indeWheat per Quarter, 64s. 70.-Barley, 419. 20.-Oats, 25s. 100.-Rye,
pendent is it of all party or sectarian feeling, that there is not even an inuendo 41s. 5d.-Beans, 46s. Od.-Peas, 56s. 6d.
from which we could suspect the religious or political creed of the writers." Edinburgh Advertiser.
• The present work seems to be executed with spirit and talent: it is not, ag SMITHFIELD, Oct. 17.
many such works are, à servile compilation from the labours of others. The bioBeef is selling this morning at 5s. to 5s. 20. per stone for best cattle, graphical sketches are original, and condensed with great neatness : they are and 4s. 6d. to 4s. 10d. Mutton rather higher, and Veal from 6s. to 6s. 48.
seasoned with a due portion of the writer's own remarks, which are generally
liberal and just. In short we have no difficulty in recommending the work as a per stone. Pork the same as last week.
most useful repository of general information, brought together with research, To sink the Offal-per Stone of 8lbs.
and arranged with skill."Calodonian Mercury. ....4s. 6d. to 5s. 2d. Veal.......... 5s. 6d. to 6s. 4d. In 12mo, with an illustrative Map, price One Shilling, in a neat wrapper, Part II of Mutton........ 5s. Od. to 5s. 64. | Pork.......... 5s. 4d. to 6s. 4d.
2. The HISTORY of NAPOLEON'S EXPEDITION to RUSSIA. By General
Count PHILIP de SEGUR..
The Publishers conceive that little explanation need be given of the reasons Beasts .. ....... 3383 Pigs ....
which have led them to think that a cheap edition of a work which unites the Sheep .................. 18,920 | Calves............
highest interest of romance to the truth of history, will be acceptable to the Public. A prodigious number of the Original have been sold in France in a few
months; and several editions have appeared in London, in 2 vols. 8vo. The PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW.
present work will be completed in Nine Parts, and will at the conclusion form Hay......... £3.10s. to £5. Os. 1. Straw ........ fl. 16$. to £2.5s. two neat volumes in boards, for 10s. being only two-fifths of the price (259.) Clover £4. 58. to £5. 10s.
of the previous English translations, to which it will not be inferior in paper or
dramatic interest, fascinating, and-we may add-instructive, to unmilitary CLERICAL, MEDICAL, and GENERAL LIFE ASSURANCE SOCIETY.
readers like us, beyond any account of a campaigó we ever remember to have
* Twenty-two thousand copies of M. de Segur's work are scattered over . GBOR CKHARD, M.D. Chairman.
France in every direction. For forty years we have had nothing so interesting Rev. C. Benson,'M.A. Henry Earle, Esq. F.R.S.
and so true. The tragic recital excites intense interest in all readerg, whether Robert Bree, M.D., F James Kibblewhite, Esq.
Frenchmen or foreigners.”—Letters from Paris, by Grimm's Grandson, in James Carden, Esq. Samuel Merriman, M.D.
the London Magazine for August 1825. A. H. Chambers, Esc A. A. Mieville, Esq.
In the press, and speedily will be published, Arthur Chichester, Esq.
Sir George Pocock H. J. Cholmeley, M.D.
3. A HISTORY of the FRENCH REVOLUTION. Translated from the French Ashby Smith, M.D.
A. R. Sutherland, M.D. Thomas Davis, Esq..
of A. F. MIGNET. Sir Charles Des Voeux, Bart. | George Vance, Esq.
A good History of the greatest political revolution in modern times has long,
been a desideratum both in French and English Literature. This has at length The common usage of excluding from the benefit of Life Assurance, or expos
been supplied in France by M. Miguet, in a work as admirably concise, im." ing to a forfeiture of their Policies, individuals who may have been afflicted
partial, and philosophic, as it is remarkable for clearness and beauty of style. with « Gout, Asthma, Rupture, Fits, Hemorrhage, Complaint of the Liver, Spit
Considering the extraordinary interest of the narration, and the talent with ting of Blood, Vertigo, or any other disease," being liable to become a source
which it is penned, it is thought that the English Reader canpot be of fraud on the one hand, and of litigation on the other; this Society, in order to remove every pretence for deceit or fraudulent concealment, respecting the
plied than by a Translation of M. Mignet's History. !
: Two editions are printing : one for the library, in 2 vols. 8vo. price One Guinea actual state of health of the Assured, extends the advantages of Life Assurance bject to such deviations from the common standard of health, as do
in boards, the other a cheap edition in 12mo. intended as a companion to Count
Segur's History of the Russian Expedition, to be published in weekly parts, not materially tend to shorten life, upon their paying a moderate addition to
price Is. each, the first of which will appear on the same day with the fine the premium, proportioned to the increase of hazard.
edition. The whole will be comprised in about 8 parts. Both editions wil One half of the Board of Directors being Members of the Medical Profession,
adorned with a portrait of Madame Roland, not in the French work, the attendance of such a body of eminent practitioners, on every occasion of granting an assurance, forms a distinguishing safeguard, which cannot fail to CURE of RUPTURE.-PINDIN and GAWAN'S PATENT be beneficial both to the Assured and to the Society. Persons proposing for Assurance may arrange to pay their premiumg either
U TRUSSES, without Steel Springs, 200 Fleet street, near Temple bar. in a single payment; by annual payments for a limited number of years only;
P. and G. beg to inform the Public, that they continue to receive letters from or by annual payments, throughout the whole continuance of life.
men using the most laborious exercise, and from Surgeons and other Gentlemen, The person Assured 'has the option to share the profits, either by adding
stating, they can sleep, ride, and even hunt, with ease and security. The them to the policy for the benefit of his survivors, at his decease, or to take
Patentees can refer to several, high in the Profession, who will prove that per. them, in reduction of the annual premiums, for his own benefit during life.
sons of both sexes have been cured. A cure will sooner be effected by wearing J. PINCKARD, Resident Secretary,
these Trusses at night.-N.B. The security of the Truss enables P. and G. to Office, 32 Great Russell street.
ofer a fair trial; they will return the money if it does not succeede
EPIGRAMMATA & Purioribus Græcæ** Anthologiæ Fontibus
THE LANCET; THIRD EDITION.
In Svo. price 15s. Nearly ready, in 2 handsome Syo. vols. price 11. 88. FIRST FOUR VOLUMES of the LANCET.-These Volumes THE SESSION of PARLIAMENT for MDCCCXXV ; en it
the State of Parties and Interests, the Debates and Foactments, contain a faithful History of all Medical Occurrences for the Year 1824-5; whole proceedings of both Houses of the British Legislature during that and, in addition to which, 'a most accurate Report of Sir Astley Cooper's last « We find it executed in a manner which does credit to the industry, Casa delivered Course of invaluable Lectures on the Principles and Practice of and talents of the writer.”—Times, Sept. 7. Surgery. These Lectures are 76 in number, and embrace the subject of every “ A clear, well written, and well arranged history of the whole procese surgical disease.
of the British Legislature during the last Session of Pazlianast."-br. London: printed for Knight and Lacey, Paternoster row; and sold by all Chronicle, Sept. 10. Booksellers in the United Kingdom.
London : printed for Knight and Lacey, Paternoster-roy. Just published, in 3 vols. post 8vo. price 309.
THE ANA OF THE STAGE. THE ENGLISH in ITALY. By a DISTINGUISHED RESIDENT. Just published, in three elegant Volumos, price One Guinea, ilustrated Printed for Saunders and Otley, British and Foreiga Public Library,
scarce Portraits, and many other Engravings of curious objects, Conduit street, Hanover square.
DRAMATIC TABLE-TALK; or Anecdotes and Relics of A DR PICHOT'S TRAVELS.
and Actresses, Dramatists and Theatres, Ancient and Medere, Just published, ia 2 vols. 8vo. price 288.
RICHARD RYAN, Esq. Prefaced by a Discourse on the Science de HISTORICAL and LITERARY TOUR of a FOREIGNER in by Talma, written expressly for this work. ENGLAND and SCOTLAND; with Anecdotes of celebrated Persons
London: printed for Knight and Lacey, Paternoster-row; and to be able
all Booksellers. visited by the Author. " We confidently recommend these two animated and judicious volumes. A
This Work professedly contains every interesting fragment and for
nected with Dramatic History and Biography, drawn from original soek more amusing publication has not lately issued from the press."-Sunday Times. Printed for Saunders and Otley, British and Foreign Public Library, Conduit
from scarce and expensive books, and in those respects it affords as in street, Hanover square.
tible mental festival to all lovers of the Drama, and all searcbers after et
anecdotes. Just published, price 7s, boards,
FOR ALL FAMILIES. A CENTURY of SURGEONS on GONORRHEA, and on
In 12mo. price 78. Odi in extra boards, STRICTURES of the URETHRA. « Multum in Parvo."
THE COMPLETE SERVANT; an Exposition of the Duta, This comprehensive Abstract of the advice of an Hundred Surgeons, contains
Daily Business of every Description of MALÈ and FEMALE SERS such plain Practical Directions for the Prevention and Cure of the above Com
with plain Directions and Receipts for performing them; together ve plaints, that whilst it is the surest guide to Medical Students, it is also the safest
Laws relative to Masters and Servants, Usefal Tables, &c. By SANT 21 pilot to persons suffering under these disorders. Printed for Geo. B. Whitmaker, Ave-Naria-lano.
This practical Work comprehends overy variety of servants of bista sa
especially DR KITCHINER ON TELESCOPES.
The House Steward
The Housemaid Dcing the roeult of Thirty Years' Experiments with Fifty-one Telescopes,
The Laundry-Maid of from one to nino iocbes in diameter, in the possession of WILLIAM KIT
The Dairy-Maid CHINER, M.D. To which are added, “ An Abstract of the Practical Parts of
The Nurse Sir William Herschol's Writings on Telescopes and Double Stars, &c. some The Groom
The Alaid-of-All Work Observations thereon, and Original Letters from Eminent Opticiaus.“
The Porter, &c. &c.
&c. &c. &c: Printed ior Geo. B. Whittaker, Ave-Maria-lane.
London: printed for Knight and Lacey, Paternoster-row; and to be Just published, in 3 vols. 12mo. price 18s. boards,
Booksellers. THE HIGHEST CASTLE and the LOWEST CAVE; or, the In a beautiful foolscap volume, price . With numerous Engravings, dat Eronts of Days which are Gone. By REBECCA EDRIDGE. Printed for Geo. B. Whittaker, Ave-Maria-lane. Also, by the same Author,
THE ART of BEAUTY; with the best Means of preserving a The SCRINIUM ; 2 vols. price 135.
improving the Shape-the Fíguro--the complexion-the Eyos-the Lp
the Teeth-and the Hair ; with numerous Receipts for Cosidetics, Hair ( Just published, in 8ro. price 10s. 6d.
and, the History and Theory of Beauty.
London : printed for Knight and Lacey, Paternostor row. Huunt; Anņotationibus Jacobusii De Bosch et alioruna instruxit; suas subinde TO MECHANICS, BUILDERS, MAŞONS, CARPENTERS, &c.-IN Totulas et Tabulam Scriptorum Chronologicam adjunxit.
Printed for Knight and Lacey, Publishers of Works on the Useful Arts, at
Janes Watt, in Paternoster row, and sold by all Booksellers Just published, in 12mo. a New Edition, with Plates, price 8s.
In one handsome 4to. volume, ptice 21. 108. in boards, illustratod by 150 cm THE NATURAL HISTORY of the BIBLE; or, a Description of
platon, and 450 Diagrams on wood, all tho Quadrupeds, Birds, Fishes, Reptiles, and Insects, Trees, Plants, PETER NICHOLSON'S BUILDER and WORKMANS NEF Flowers, Gems, and Precious Stenes, mentioned in the Sacred Scriptures. DIRECTOR: comprehending Definitions of the component Parts e Re Collected from the best Authorities, and alphabetically arranged. By THADDEUS MASON HARRIS, D.1).
ing, the Principles of. Construction, and the Geometrical Developement els
principal difficulties that usually occur in the different Branches of Kecha Printed for Goo. B. Whittaker, Ave-Maria-lane.
Professions employed in the Formation of Edifices.
This valuable work inay also be bad in ten five-shilling parts, and in ifty
Second Edition, price 11. 10s. Chrquological Urder. By a Member of the Church of England, Author of 2. JOHN NICHOLSON'S OPERATIVE MECHANIC and BRITISH I. Weekly Prayers upon the Creation.
CHINIST, a new Edition, with important Jdditions, and too Coppe 11 a fox days will be published, in Svor price 21s. Parts I to XI,
Engravings.- To be had also iu twelve halferown parts. LEITERS 10 FRIEND, on the STATE of IRELAND, the
On Saturday, 15th October, No. XVII, price 6d. and the following Numbers
each succeeding Saturday, Roman Catholic Question, and the Merits of Constitutional Religious Dis. 3. À DICTIONARY_of ARCHITECTURE, Historical, Descriptire, Teo tioctions. By EDWARD AUGUSTUS KENDALL, Esq, F.S.A. “ Il y a certains waux dans la république qui y sont soufferts parcequ'ils
graphical, Decorative, Theoretical, and Mechanical, with beautifu Engar
by the first Artists. previonnent au empêchent de plus grands maux."-LABRUYERE. London : printed for Geo. B. Whittaker, Ave-Maria-lane; and Carpenter and
This work is published with the view of presenting to operative Bulden, a
the other classes of Artisans connected with Building, a complete Sy Son, Old Bond street.
General, Classical, Scientific, and Practical Architecturo;, treated in a ser Dedicated, by permission, to his Royal Highness the Duke of York. adapted to the comprehension of workmen, and sold at a price which wie Just published, price 5s.
it withiu the reach of them all. INSTRUCTIONS for the FIELD SERVICE of CAVALRY. Third Edition, with 50 Engravings, Svo. priee 105. Ed. boards, Translated from the German of General Count Bismark. By Captain
4. STUART'S DESCRIPTIVE MISTORY OF THE STEAM-ENGINE LUDLOW BEAMISH, Fourth Dragoon Guards.
“ This work is written in a much better style than works ou mechania Printed for Geo. B. Wbittaker, Ave-Maria-lane.
generally boast, and may be read with much advantage both by the amata
the practical mechanic. The illustratire Engravings are well osecated, and In post 8vo. price 10s. 6d.
price of the work is very moderate.”-Star. ATTIC FRAGMENTS... By the Author of the “ Modern Athens,” | Critical Cazette.
" In one word, Mr Stuart's work is a very masterly production."-Vest London: printed for Knight and Lacey, Paternoster row.
* We have perused this excellent work with great attention, kod &re har
to speak of it in terms of the most unqualified approval." -- Brighton Geste MESSRS KNIGHT and LACEY respectfully announce, that the
MECHANIC'S LIBRARY. LIBRARY for the PEOPLE, a series of superior standard Elementary
In one handsome vol. price 158. extra boards, Treatiss, published under the superintendance of the Society for diffusing strating the General Laws of Motion, the laws of Gravity, Motion of Descar
5. EMERSON'S PRINCIPLES of MECHANICS ; explaining and des Useful knowledge, will bw commenced, at di. cach complete work, on Saturday, ing Bodies, Projectiles, Mechanic Powers, Pendulums, Centres of war 3d Deranber next.
Add ou the first Saturday iu January, they will begin to publish, in 18. weekly Strength and Stress of Timuer, Hydrostatics, and the construction of Wai numberd, and 49. monthly parts, a compleie Body of the Manufacturing Arts
This Edition is illustrated with Copper-plate Engravings of $20 Figura and Sciences, by Dr BILK BRCK, Presideut of the London Mechanics' Institution,
Machines, and Head and Tail-picces exquisitely cut ia wood, all copied in *c. &c.; the text being iliustrated by a series of superior Engravings, írom Original Drawings made on purpose. It is priuted in the first style of excelica
and published in Werkly Numbers, at 4d. each, and in Monthly Swillig Pu Prospectusses of both works may be bad for distriljution by all booksellers, taining illustrative and explanatory Notes and Observations, together
A Memoir of Mr Enerson is given at the couclusion. Ako an Appendix, dealers, and canvassers, ou applying, free of postage, to Knight and Lacey. 1.B. As these publications, in the popularity of their design, in the unques.
sereral Engravings, entirely now.
The series tio alle superiority of their execution, and in their generai character of indis
is continued with Simson's Euciid, printed uniformly .
Emerson. pensable uulity, are likely to attain an unparalled circulativn, the most liberal eponuragement will be given to Agents whosc activity enables them to procure exteusise subscriptions.
London: printed by John HUNT, in Broad street, Colden square, asa puto Paternoster row, London, Oct. 1925.
by him at thc Examiner Onice, 38 Tavistock street, Coront garden,Priseid
No. 925. MONDAY, OCT. 24, 1825.
is of the report:
" THE POLITICAL EXAMINER. I'work disgusting? Again, this system does nothing for the prisoner on
his release. He may, if docile in temper, be more inclined to inParty is the madness of many for the gain of a few.—Popz.
dustry, from the mere habit of work, and the healthful result; but
we fear this effect is seldom produced by compulsory and odious PRISON-DISCIPLINE-GLASGOW BRIDEWELL. labour upon the stubborn and ignorant persons who form the majority Toe Glasgow Chronicle contains a report from the managing Com- of the inmates of gaols. The system of which Pennsylvania has had
mittee to the Commissioners of the " County and City Bridewell,” the honour of setting the example, and Glasgow that of adopting. a - furnisbiog a description of the establishment as completed by exten- goes upon a finer and wiser principle: it treats prisoners as human IL sive new buildings last year, and an account of its income and beings, having the same feelings, and for the most part the same rights,
expenditure during a period of 63} weeks, ending on the 2d of as their fellow men at large; it acknowledges the labourer in prison August last. This report has interested us very much; and we think to be as worthy of his hire as the peasant in the field, burdened of; an abstract of its principal facts will be acceptable to our readers. course with the charge of his own maintenance and confinement. It
Every prisoner has a sleeping cell to himself, ten feet high, nine does not turn him out of the walls, at the expiration of his period of long, and seven wide, furnished with a hammock, blanket, sheet, and imprisonment, pennyless, friendless, with a ruined character, to becoverlet, and a small chest, constructed so as to answer for a seat, and shunned by all prudent people, and forced by absolute necessity to recontain the prisoner's clothes, books, and other nécessaries. Some
necessaries. Some enter the paths of crime ;-but it rewards his industry with the profits.' of these cells have fire-places for such prisoners as may require them. of his work, it gives him a little stock to begin the world with again, The females occupy a separate building, under the control of officers
it furnishes him with a certificate of good conduct while in gaol,-and of their own ser,--a most important provision to guard against the thus at once makes him taste the sweets of labour, and affords him a total loss of modesty and decorum which the employment of males in fair chance of encouragement in society. It has been found in Phila- , the like capacity is so likely to cause. The whole prison is supplied delphia, that discharged prisoners, possessing certificates of good with means for carrying on various manufactures; and the scope for conduct from the governor of the penitentiary, have a preference in classification is so great, that there are fifteen apartments for the obtaining employment, women (averaging about forty in number) to work in-so that there . A system of prison discipline which really reforms the prisoners. need not be more than two or three together. The building is well would be cheaply purchased even at double the expence of the exista , provided with store rooms, washing houses, &c.; nor have the ing barbarous modes; but as all the results of a sound principle are
judicious contrivers of the place forgotten baths, so necessary to more or less gratifying, it is not one of the least benefits of the philo - cleanliness and health, though unfortunately so little used by the sophic system, that it is extremely cheap; indeed, it may be reasonably
people of this country, whether in or out of prison. The grand calculated, that if generally adopted, the confinement and governments 3-particulars however respecting work and instruction, in which this of criminals, instead of being as at present a grievous charge to every
establishment resembles the Pensylvanian gaols, we shall transcribe county, would after a time cost the community nothing. Some years and in the words of the report: .
ago, we know this was the case in the Transatlantic penitentiary, and
must be so now, unless some mismanagement has crept in, not at all! " The inmates are employed in weaving, winding, twisting, twining, affecting the principle of the experiment. The Glasgow Bridewell, E and warping yarns, making shoes and stockings, tambouring, sewing, even in its infancy, nearly approaches this desideratum. By the aca
veining, spinning, picking cotton, &c. &c. &c. A separate account is count appended to the Committee's report, it appears that the priTest kept for each prisoner; from the amount of their earnings, the expenses soners (averaging daily 200 in number) in the period referred to
of food, clothes, wasliing, &c. are deducted; small sums are sometimes | manufactured articles which sold for ... - - - 2016. 13. advanced while in confinement, to encourage industry; and the surplus
Add to this sums received for aliment or board of sy is paid at the end of their confinement, on leaving the establishment.
prisoners detained on warrants in that part of Bridei « INSTRUCTION.
. "A permanent and efficient teacher has been appointed to watch over well which has been declared a legal prison, but not in the morals of the prisoners; to instruct those who cannot read; and to sentenced to work ...... . . ... .. 95 6 10 :
communicate instruction to all. His whole time and talents are devoted to this eod. The Committee have fixed his hours of attendance every
£2,111 .19 10 week day, from 1st November to Ist March, at 8 o'clock morning till If that total be deducted from the gross expenditure (2,7041, 19s. 10d. LIL 5 o'clock afternoon; the other eight months at 7 o'clock morning till 6 including 3341. 58. 11d. paid to prisoners for surplus earnings) the je afternoon, allowing him reasonable time for his meals. On Sabbath, lie
e balance will be 5931.; being the whole cost to the public for the Bridecollects the females into different classes, when he performs worship, reads a portion of scripture, and concludes with an exhortation. The
well, which gives a rate of 21. 88. 9d. per annum for each prisoner. males are taught and exhorted each in his own cell, and at no time are With this example before their eyes, we should hope that,certain they allowed to congregate or have any intercourse."
Parliamentary and magisterial persons will be cautious how they This imitation of a plan which has long been practised in the sneer at, “ as wild and visionary," the endeavours of the excellent prisons of several states of the North American Union, reflects the individuals who spend their time and money in attempts to mend our greatest credit on those who have put it in operation in Glasgow. The prison discipline.
success has been correspondent to the wisdom. The unreflecting and we love the brutal in society may content themselves with locking up criminals | EASTER “ OFFERINGS"-CLERICAL GREEDINESSbin in indiscriminate.confinement, and maintaining, that when a guilty
MAGISTERIAL DESPOTISM. wretch is once in prison, they need trouble themselves no more about For many years past the ambiguous demand by the Church of what him. But sooner or later the victim of bad education and bad laws are ludicrously misnamed “ Easter Offerings" has been very partially must be set free again ; and what can be expected from him but a | levied in Birmingham, owing to the reluctance with which the popu
terrible retribution on the community whom he views merely as lation (a considerable portion of whom are Dissenters) paid that con- his enemies and oppressors? The “ wisdom of our ancestors" was no tribution to the wealthiest of all Ecclesiastical Establishments. This
better, in respect to criminals, than this shortsighted calculation : the reluctance has been increased lately by the spirited resistance made gaols were crowded with miserable beings, of all ranks and all degrees to the demand by Mr Peter Watson, a shoemaker of Chester-le-street of criminality, huddled together with scarcely a distinction, perfectly in Durham, who still has an appeal pending against the enforcement idle, the hardened criminals corrupting the novices, and all leaving of the claim. In consequence, the Rev. Charles Curtis (brother of their common den of profligacy worse than they entered it. Even in Sir William) a Pluralist, being a rector in Birmingham parish, and later times, and under more humane and considerate management, holding a lucrative vicarage in the neighbourhood, the two livings the nature of the human mind was little consulted in the treatment yielding him together from 7,000l. to 10,000l. per annum, hit upon of prisoners. They were set to work certainly; but it was the expedient of farming the “ Offerings;" and strange to say, a work of the most mechanical and oppressive kind-picking wealthy Nonconformist undertook the agency, and commenced a
hemp, or (latterly) walking up an eternal step, to turn a mill hid general and vigorous enforcement of the full contribution of fourpence u prirodne from their sight, their toil not cheered by the sight of its operation a-head for each individual above 16 years of age, exclusive of eight
and product. This is a fatal error: the object of prison discipline is pence for every householder and his wife. Hundreds of summonses to reform the prisoner; but how shall his idleness (and crime may were issued; the magistrates were occupied with contested cases; and generally be traced to an aversion to labour) be cured by rendering many inhabitants, from scruples of conscience, resisted the magisterial
order to pay, the claim, choosing rather to suffer the amount to be unjust and arbitrary; and we doubt if it would have been hazarded levied by distraint upon their goods.
in the metropolis. It is true, that it does not belong to a magistra:e Mr Russell, a bookseller, pretty well known as a sufferer in the to decide upon the general question of the legality of any demand like cause of Reform, was early assailed with a summons, and appeared in that of “ Easter Offerings;" but surely, when one man summons November last to answer the poor rector's complaint of his non-pay- another for non-payment of an alleged debt, the magistrate is bound ment of one shilling and fourpence, being the amount alleged to be to call upon the plaintiff to prove the debt, not upon the defendant to due for two years' “ Offerings." He resisted payment on the ground disprove it. It cannot be proper for him to settle the point in dispute that the contribution was only claimed from * communicants," and with a simple we are satisfied of the justice of the demand," withthat he was none. The clerical justice present, however, made an out even requiring the plaintiff to state the nature of the claim—as it order for payment; in pursuance of which an officer speedily visited appears by the above statement furnished to us (upon the accuracy of bis house with a warrant of distraint. Instead of levying however, which we rely) that he did not. the officer on several occasions merely urged payment verbally, as if So strongly is the injustice of this clerical extortion felt in Birmingthere was some irregularity in the proceeding which made him afraid ham, that we are told it is very probable a petition from a considerable of pushing the matter to extremity. Thus it remained till the 3d inst. body of the inhabitants will be presented to Parliament against it next when, in consequence of a summons differing in form from that of last session. year, Mr Russell appeared before T. Lee and W. W. Smith, Esqrs. in their private room, accompanied by his shopman; and the following dialogue occurred :
THEATRICAL EXAMINER. Magistrate. Well, Mr Russell, what have you to say in answer to the Rev. Mr Curtis' complaint against you for default of payment of
DRURY LANE. 1s. 4d. due to him?
" The grandest theatrical treat perhaps we ever had, was on that Mr R. Please your Worship, I deny his right to any payment
famous evening when Messrs Kean and Booth played in conjuncfrom me, and request you to demand of his agent to show on what
tion. The former the part of Othello, the latter that of Iago ; and we ground he rests the claim.
never recur to the effect that exbibition produced on us without wishMagistrate. We do not sit here to expound the law: we are satis
ing that the whole world could have been spectators. Mr BOOTH fied of the correctness of Mr C.'s claim. He might take out a man
was brought out as a competitor with Mr KEAN: their equal height damus, if we neglected to enforce his just demand.
and similar style of performing provoked comparison. Here then Mr R. This is most strange. I always understood that a claimant
was the opportunity, when they came foot to foot, for KEAN to show by process, in the first instance, was required to produce proof of his
the great inequality of the powers of the two men; and this be did right. I deny his right, and am prepared to show that I am not in
by an effort-an (as it were) intellectual bound, which must have the situation on which, on the former occasion, it was said the right
satisfied every spectator then present, that competition was out of the claim was founded.
question :-and, with all the wonderful colouring of that performance Magistrate. Do you mean to deny that Mr Curtis is rector of this
as fresh in our minds as if it were at this moment an embodied painiparish?
ing by Titian, we are compelled to say, that if Mr Boots on this Mr R. I mean to deny no such thing. When I was her last, the
re-appearance has intended to fill up the chasm left by Mr KEAN'S demand was said to be lawful against all Communicants above the
retreat, he has greatly overrated his own powers. By the plain and age of 16 years. I deny that I am a Communicant, and consequently
unequivocal manner in which we have spoken of this disproportion in maintain that I am not liable to the demand.
the two actors, let not Mr Booth charge us with unfairness; we are Magistrate (Mr LEE). I know nothing about what you are urging,
so far from feeling anything like prejudice against him, that indeed and do not believe it relevant in answer to the demand. [At this
our inclination is to his advantage. There were many touches the stage of the business, the officer in attendance notified to the Magis
other evening which lead us to think of his understanding with more trates, that the defendant's servant was taking a minute of the pro
than common respect--though the result of our opinion of the perceedings, and wished to know if their Worships allowed it.--Mr
formance as a whole, is, that it wanted power. The speech before SMITH said--No: make him desist, and turn him out of the room.
the senate was delivered off hand, as if he had learned it by rote; Mr RUSSELL said- I protest against this; I am alone in a private
not as if it were the spontaneous effort of one who felt that he could room, making my defence, and I require his assistance in order cor
“ little grace his cause in speaking for himself.” The third act—the rectly to refer to the proceedings, if I find it eligible hereafter to appeal
memorable and most trying part of the character, went off rather to a superior Court. Mr Lee however assented to the order, and the
tamely. But the last scene was by far the best of the whole performofficers forcibly turned the defendant's shopman out, and closed the
ance; and our impression is, that it was nearly as well as we ever door upon him.)
saw it played. We still say that Mr Booth will benefit the estaMagistrate. Have you anything more to say why we should not
blishment that we hope he may be offered an engagement to his make an order for payment?
advantage; and we wish him success in the public favour. Mr R. There is now a similar case removed by appeal froin the
WALLACK played some parts of Iago very creditably : so did Magistrates in Durham by à Mr Peter Watson : it comes on for
Brown the difficult character of Roderigo: for it is difficult to convey decision in the next term, in the King's Bench. This is a reason for
the discrimination between weakness of understanding and sheer staying the present proceeding for the short period that will elapse
fatuity; which latter quality, as it is more gross and palpable to come between this and the decision on Watson's case, which will set at rest
mon eyes, so is it the favourite reading of the character by common the legality of the demand.
actors. PENLEY's Cassio was sad work. Mrs WEST made a toleMagistrate. We cannot suspend proceedings on any such ground rably good Desdemona, and evidently exerted herself to do her best. Mr R. This demand has not been generally collected lately. The
And last, Mrs BUNN was respectable in Emilia. This lady has a fine objection to it is very great-it should be a voluntary offering, not a
and commanding person. Does she stoop on purpose to detract compulsory assessment. It is not a legal demand; and I have docu
from her height of stature; and does she imagine that she appears ments here to show, that if the plaintiff was required, as I insist-I|
uncouthly tall? If so, she only changes hands, and transfers the beg pardon, I submit-he ought to be
uncouthness from her stature to her carriage. Mr LEE. Hear me !—To my knowledge this demand was paid by my father in this parish upwards of 60 years ago; and I believe you
We may observe, in addition to the above favour from a Corremust know, from the connexion that would not have been the case spondent, that Mr Bootu, in expressing some very natural and wellhad it not been legal.*
I grounded resentment at certain mean and false attempts to lower his Mr R. Your father, Sir, paid willingly: my case is different: private character, seems inclined to go to war with the newspapers in have not attended the Church, and deny that the rector possesses any
general. That an actor's opinion of his own merits should differ from right to enforce it against me, who am not a Communicant.
those of other people, is no way surprising, and must pass; but the After some further remarks, Mr Russell withdrew; the order was
other sort of injury is as base, perishable and malignant, as the quarter made against him for payment; and be daily expects to suffer a dis
whence it chiefly emanates. It was quite amusing to read the Jots traint for the amount.
Bull of Sunday last, in reference to Mr WARDE, from whose merits and After witnessing the shameless avarice exhibited by the City Clergy
respectability we have no sort of disposition to deteriorate; but it is in the recent attempt to revive an obsolete claim against the citizens
quite absurd to exalt level acting in the abstract beyond exalted of London, we cannot of course be surprised at a proceeding on the
genius; and, in talking of histrionic talent, to be formally alluding to part of the Birmingham incumbents so entirely in accordance with the private character. This sermonising in reference to the subject, is spirit of our greedy and oppressive Church Establishment. But the
monstrous twaddle at best, and, if carried higher, would at once be procedure of the magistrates, as above detailed, does appear to us very
found so by John himself. From the Treasurer of the Mauritius, it is
indeed the sublime of the ridiculous,--the very negro girls of that * Mr Loo's father, a well as himself, was an Vaitarian and a lawyer, 1 işland would smile at ito