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TAL QUARREL.-On Wednesday, George Barton, the nephew of infant-her only surviving child-laid upon her lap. She felt the pangs

Vm Horwood, aged 70, a wealthy undertaker, residing in Union of approaching dissolution--but death had become a welcome messenger -, Shadwell, lost his life under the following circumstances :-Barion --the delight of her eyes had departed, and oh! dreadful thonght! she **1 young man in the prime of life, 25 years of age. He some time I had been the innocent agent. No medical adviser still was sent for. She

formed a connection with vicious characters, by associating with struggled till morning, when ber spirit took its flight to the mansions

his morals became so corrupted, that he was deserted by all his whither her children had departed. The infant, her only surviving child, eves except his Grand father, who clúng to him through every misfor. is also in a dangerous state, it having been suckled by the mother after

and only a short time since made a will, bequeathing to him property she bad taken the poison.-A Coroner's Jury sat upon the bodies, and considerable amount. On Wednesday evening, he went to his delivered .a verdict of “ Accidental Death.”—This verdict may protect

father's house, and asked for something to eat. The bousekeeper the draggist from the severities of the law, but it cannot throw into obliKim a piece of meat, which he objected to. His Grandfather upon vion the recollection, that a little more care might bave prevented the told him, that if he did not like it, he must go out and not come there death of four innocent victims.-York Herald.

Barton immediately began to swear and call bis Grandfather | MELANCHOLY SUICIDB.-An inquisition was taken at the Ship publica Mi-adding, that he wanted money, and would have it. A scnfile house, Mile End, on the body of Henry Potter, son to the proprietor of the

took place; Bartop placed himself in a fighting attitude, and called house. Hannah Williams, a young and lovely looking female, in an Sarandfather an old - , and said that he would have his life ; he advanced state of pregnancy, said, I am a servant, and live at Hackney.

Mr Horwood a blow, who in return struck him with a dagger on I bare known the deceased for pearly 17 years. . He paid attentions to me eft side of his chest. On receiving this blow, the deceased stag as a lover. Some time since I yielded to his solicitions, the consequence is, groaned heavily, and fell to the ground. He never spoke after. of which was, that I became pregnant. I informed him of my situation, bis, and died in a short time. Mr Horwood was taken into custody and requested him to fulfil his former promises of marriage; when I did ] examined at the Thames Police Office, where the above particulars so, I told him that unless our union took place I must be sacrificed to given in evidence. His bousekeeper said the deceased had fre shame and disgrace. He became dejected, and replied, that by his com- : ly threatened to have his Grandfather murdered, and that was the | plying with my wishes he would incur the displeasuro of his friends. I i he carried a dagger to protect himself. The dagger was produced have frequently renewed my entreaties. The effects of my pregnancy on Office. It was exquisitely finished, and appeared of foreign manu. his mind were very visible, and from day to day bé became more deprese; the blade, which was about 18 inches long, and of a peculiar sed. On Tuesday last I received a message from him, and immediately was so covered with blood, that the material of which it was com- went to where he was. On entering the room he said, “ Hannah, I have * was scarcely perceptible. Mr Horwood, on its production, closed taken poison ; I have but a few minutes to live; I hope you will forgive ces, and trembled with an agony which convulsed every muscle ; me.” 'I immediately sent for medical assistance. He was about 21 years

ime it was found necessary to exhibit it, in order to its being recog- of age.--Mr Havill, surgeon, of Clapton, said, I was called to attend the by other witoesses, the effects op his feelings were the same.--He deceased. Having ascertained that he had taken poison, I administered manded for another examination.-An inquest was on Friday held strong emetics, but all attempts at recovery were useless, and he died in body, and after a full investigation, and some difference of opinion, cousequence. The Jury returned a verdict of_“ Suicide, committed lict of Manslaughter was returned. ---Mr Horwood was again, ex- | while labouring under insanity.”. d by the Magistrates, and fully committed for trial.

| Another DREADFUL CASE OF HYDROPHOBIA. On Sunday last, a malagre ITH BY PoisoN.-On Tuesday, a young man named Nimmo, a cboly instance of this dreadful malady occurred at Kingsland. Johna Sugg, inder, put an end to his existence in Church street, Sobo, by taking a brickmaker, residing in Brown's folly, Kingsland road, was, about three * of oxalic acid. He had become responsible for the payment of 12 months since, bitten by a dog in a rabid state; but the part being cau. 1136which he had not the means of doing, and he expressed his fears 'terised and the wound healed, be thought but lightly of the circumstance

ison ; he was also to bare shortly been married to a young female, until last Sunday morning, when he was seized with all the horriblia * Atkins, to whom he wrote a letter, in which he told her to remem symptoms of hydrophobia, and died at six o'clock the following morning **e “ whose greatest crime was fear' of not being able to support in a raving state. Mr Aitkius, surgeon, who attended the deceased, says, El espectability the only person he cared for in the world, or who be that “ On Sunday night he was perfectly wild, bis counterance frightfully

ed cared for him."-A Coroner's Inquest was held on the body, who distorted, his whole body bathed in sweat, and horribly agitated, his eyes ! Eht in a verdict of “ Insanity."

seemed starting from their sockets, and quantities of foaming slaver were PLOSION OF A POWDBR-MILL.-On Thursday morning, about four escaping from his mouth, attended with frequent motions of mastication ****, the neighbourbood of Hounslow Heath, Hatton, and its vicinity, He appeared to respire with great difficulty, sighing and uttering the most FilIread fully alarmed by the explosion of a powder.mill, belonging to pitiful cries. His pulse was at 100, full and strong, his tongue moist and

5 aylor, the report of which was extremely loud: many persons rose swelled, and he complained of a sensation of a rising in his throat as if he nbeir beds, and burried to the spot, and on their arrival, the powder- was choking. During all this time he was perfectly sensible, and cau., keras discovered to be completely uoroofed, and all the wood shattered tioned those about him against approaching him. In his paroxysms be ces. A man named Young was at work in the mill alone, during frequently seized the blankets and pillows in bis mouth, and it was founde? yht. The lifeless body of the poor fellow was found blown a consi necessary to confine bim in a strait waistcoat. In this deplorable stap he

e distance from the mill, and presented a shocking spectacle. The continued, sensible to the last, and expired in great agony at six the fol. ar by which the explosion took place can only be conjectured.

lowing morning."--This unfortunate being was only in the 22d year of his RING ROBBBRY. A most impudent robbery was committed on Thurs. age, and wben he was attacked by the dog, his wife, in ber endeavours to Foroing at the shop of Mr Grant, jeweller, in Fleet-street. Between protect him, was also bitten. No symptoms of the horrible distemper rand nine o'clock, soon after the shutters had been taken down, two hare, however, yet appeared in ber; but ber state of mind may perhaps frept into the shop, and asked the young man to show them a reason-be conceived.

riced watch which he could warrant to keep good time. The watch Sunday afternoon, Mr and Mrs Stow, cating-house-keepers, of Homer - Froduced, and the pretended purchasers said it would answer. The street, Bryanstone square, left their house about four o'clock for a walk, tan stated the lowest price, and a bargain was concluded. One of having fastened it carefully; but on their return abont six o'clock, they

then laid down 58. as earnest, desiring that the watch might be laid found the door open, and on entering, discovered that some thieves had Ex and be would call for it in the course of the day. They went as far raosacked every drawer, cupboard, &c. They had stripped the till of

door, but as though suddenly attracted by some chains in a glass about 201. taken from a cupboard 121. in silver, some china, tea and tablo ehiod ihe counter, they returned, and asked to see one. The shop- spoons, and other plate. From his wife's drawers they took the best of her

arned about to get it, and the fellows, watching their opportunity, apparel, and strewed the rest about the floor. They had also forced an i e ved up a small counter glass case, containing sei eral gold watches, iron chest, from which they had taken 300 sovereigns, 90 guineas, several

value of 300 guineas. The young man immediately gave the alarm, half gaineas, and some scarce and valuable coins; also a 1001. and a 301. e thieves got clear off, no doubt by turning up the coutiguous alleys. Bank.note, numerous securities, bills of exchange, and the lease of his BADFUL OCCURRENCE.-A poor, industrious woman, of the name of house. On the whole, Mr Stow estimates his loss at upwards of 9001. On saite, the wife of a shoemaker residing at Cloughton, near Scar- | Mooday he gave information at Marylabonue Office, declaring himself a gh, and the mother of four children, having business at the latter ruined man. The officers, it is said, have a clue to the villains. on Friday, resolved to take home some opening medicine. Slie On Sunday evening, the shop of Mr Hervey Kemshead, jeweller, in

at a druggist's in Scarborough, and said she would call for it before Market street, Manchester, was forcibly entered, and watches and jewels at lowa. It was accordingly placed ready for the poor woman. In lery, amounting in value to upwards of 2,0001. stolen thereout. The shop

eriin a farmer called at the shop, and desired one ounce of arsenic to had been completely ransacked, and seven gold watches, about eighty Lighed, and he would call for it in a short time. The dangerous silver watches, with an immense quantity of gold chains, seals, rings,

al was also got ready according to order, and the word • poison' was brooches, and other triukets, carried off. a on the paper coutaining it; but unfortunately the two were placed On Wednesday weck, about five o'clock in the evening, as two children,

er. The poor woman called first-she received the wrong packet- the one eight, and the other four years of age, were gathering blackberries , Fuld not read-she travelled home to her little family, the innocent in a field wear Hastings, a monster, in the shape of a man, enticed the elder enger of death.-Soon after she gave some of the arsenic to three of infant to the other side of the bedge, where he succeeded in violating and

ildren, one of them eight years of age, the second six, and the other mangling her person. Every endeavour is making to discover the offender, ver. The poor woman also took a large portion herself. Death now but he has hitherto eluded the vigilance of justice.-"A similar atrocity." inced his baroc, and the dreadful effects of a deadly poison were soon observes onr Hastings correspondent, “ was committed at this place a haut over the tender frames of the little ir pocents. Death, how short time ago; but we are sorry to add, that the parents of the child were ad not completed his work. The mother was still left, with her linduced to compromise the affair with the ravisher." Brighton Herald,

HORRID Deed.–Tuesday afternoon, Mrs Baker, wife of Mr John grandfathers of their persecutors went to school, and carried Baker, of Cood, near Corofin, bad poison given her by her own son in al in their satchels more “ forbidden fruit” that was eve: cup of tea, part of which was also taken by her grand-daughter. The olurkad from the tree of knowledge. We hope the sensible mother lived but a few hours, and the little girl died on Wednesday. The reason assigned for this demoniac act is, thai his mother threatened to have and humane part of the public, who interfere in parish mathim punished for stealing and selling a cow belonging to his father, forters, will put an end to the disgusting scenes of oppression the purpose of spending the price in dissipation. The delinquent is in which some Jacks in office" are delighted to practice upon custody.-Cork Southern Reporter.

those who, like the Negro girl in the stury, have none to A Mr S. Rumsay, late purser on board an Indiaman, was found drowned in Wandsworth Řeach on Sunday evening. He had lately occupied

stand up in their defence.-Herald. lodgings at Barnes, and bad left a letter in his rooms, stating his intention of committing the rash act, through pecuniary embarrassment. His resi.

POSTSCRIPT. dence was ascertained by cards, which, with some silver, were found in his pockets.

MONDAY, Oct. 24.

The Paris papers of Friday arrived last night. AcMARRIED.

cording to the letters from Madrid, his Catholic Majesty conOn the 15th inst. at Heydon, Norfolk, Henry Handley. Esq. M.P. for Heytesbury, to the Hon. Caroline Edwardes, eldest daughter of Lord Kensington. tinues indisposed. Among the reports detailed in the private On the 1st inst. at Dublin, William Whymper, Esq. M.D. Coldstream Guard

letters, a plan which had been formed for a change of Ministo Marianne, daughter of the late Rev. J. Baker Hayes.

On the 19th inst. B. H. Inglish, Esq. of Ray lodge, Woodford, to Elizabeth, 1 try is mentioned, The new men were to be devoted to the widow of William Lewis, Esq. of Lion house, Stanford hill. On Tuesday, Mr Henry Fuller, of the Athenian, to Miss Charlotte Ray, late

Apostolic party, but the intrigue, it is said, was rendered sand now, ought it not to be ?] of the United Service.

abortive by the premature mutiny of a regiment of the line in On the 19th inst, at Watton, Herts, the Hon. Alexander Leslie Melville brother of the Earl of Leven and Melville, to Charlotte, daughter of Samuel Grenada. The Austrian Observer has taken much pains to Smith, Esq. M.P.

contradict a report which appeared in the French papers, that DIED.

Austria and Russia were about to form a sanatory cordon on On the 12th of June last, at sea, on board the Portland, on his passage from the frontiers of Turkey. The following are extracts : Madras, Edward P. Lys, Esq. eldest surviving son of George Lys, Esq. of Madras, aged 28.

(From the Moniteur.) Last week, at Fairlawn, Kent, the lady of Edmund Yates, Esq. She was a daughter of Jonathan Peel, Esq. of Accrington Hall, Lancashire, and first cousin

Paris, Oct. 20. to the Secretary of State.

“ His Excellency the Minister of Finance gave to-day a On the 14th inst. Mr Wm. Davies, of the Stamp Office, in his 45th year.

On the 16th inst. at Melina place, Regent's park, William M Gilliyi one of the Members of the Legislative Council in Lower Canada. On the 19th inst. Mr Canham, of Berners street.

the King of England, President of the Board of Trade, was On Tuesday, in Connaught terrace, of an apoplectic nt, J. Winckworth, Esq.

present, and also several Ministers, and many members of the On the 19th inst. at Woolwich, Mrs Bonnycastle, widow of the late ProfesBor Bonnycastle, in her 730 year,

Chamber of Commerce:

- “ The Austrian official journal contains the following artiTHE ITINERANT FRUIT-SELLERS.

cle: The “ war" of the parochial authorities against the ap-1 « The journals of the liberal opposition in France, of 30th ple-women still fages with unabated vigour in many parts September, give the news that Austria and Russia are going of town. The fruit-stalls, with their green embellishments to form a cordon sanitaire on the frontiers of Turkey: in this and “ golden fruitage,” which rather decorated than de- measure they see, as is natural, the much-desired precursor formed the dreary length of Oxford street, have not only been of a cessation of that peace which is so hateful to them. It driven from the more fashionable air of that vicinity, but is not worth while to lose a word upon their remarks, since even the purlieus of Clare market have undergone a purga- the pretended fact which serves as a foundation for them is tion. The desolatirig besom of reform was wielded there re-a pure falsehood, and one of those falsehoods which have not cently, and cleared those respectable precincts of the “ vulgar even a shadow of truth in their favour. No Austrian soldier traffic" of the children of Pomona !-On Saturday this war has cuitted bis garrison, nor has there been any talk, either of extermination was carried to its height—every table or among us, or in neighbouring countries, of a cordon sanitaire, stall that bore a guilty weight of fruit or gingerbread, and pre- for which no cause existed. Some weeks hence, the same sumed to stand erect in the presence of the “ Dogberries," journals, according to their usual tactics, will announce the was overturned, and groups of the poor creatures to whom dissolution of this cordon sanitaire; they will affirm that the they belonged were seen gathering from the mire their stock- Court of Austria certainly bad such a measure in view, but in-trade, which the rude hand of petty tyranny had dashed that it did not dare to carry it into execution; and lastly, as upon the ground. In this “land of freedom" there is a class at the time of the Italian Congresses, they will say again, that of people whose delicate and moral sensations are not so much we ourselves were the first who spoke of it. We therefore offended with any crime as that of hopeless poverty. We request that this little note may be considered as an answer have known some of those persons who would express no to all the articles which the Constitutionnel, the Courier Fran. small sympathy for the fate of a dashing thief or forger, but cais, &c. will not fail to publish on the subject. who would kick an apple-woman out of the street as an into

(From the Journal de Paris.) lerable nuisance !--nay, they would promote, with much cant

Munich, Oct. 15. about the inhumanity of the laws, petitions for mercy on be I “ The new King Louis Augustus is expected every moment, half of culprits whose rapacious frauds had bereft the widow Meantime the Ministers have taken all the measures that the and the orphan of their all, and yet deny to ragged, houseless circumstances require. Expresses were despatched yesterday people, the privilege of standing on the bare pavement to morning to Vienna, Petersburg, Dresden, Carlsruhe, and make a scanty livelihood in the open air ! Now, we would Berlin, whose sovereigns are allied to the family of the King. ask the persons who set on and encourage this parish tyranny, The French Minister Plenipotentiary despatched a courier to whether they would rather see the unfortunate people whom his Government on the day of his Majesty's death (the 13th.) they persecute standing at the bar of the Old Bailey, to an- | This event has excited the profoundest sorrow in all classes of swer for crimes which want and despair drove them to com- the people. The Queen, Prince Charles, his son, and the mit, than making a fair livelihood by selling cakes and nuts, Princesses, are inconsolable, and their affliction is shared by as this humblest class of traders have done from time imme- the Queen Frederica of Sweden and her son Prince Gusmorial? If they would, we must say that they are more tavus, who have not quitted the Royal Family a moment dangerous pests to society than the forlorn creatures on whom since the fatal event.

Frankfort, Oct. 15. they trample. That portion of the poor deserve rather to be “ The Grand Duke of Baden and his Court have gone encouraged than repressed, who prefer an industrious living to into mourning for six weeks for the King of Bavaria. The the charity of the workhouse, or the gains of criminal pursuits. | Munich Gazette announces, that yesterday (the 14th) the So it was thought when the less squeamish and more manly | Royal Guards, and the troops of the line composing the gar:

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ison of that city, were assembled at two o'clock to take the At a dinner given by the Mayor of Lynn, on the 29th ult., ath of allegiance to the new King. The day before the Mr Çoke said that, advanced as he was in years, and being , Ierald of the kingdom, in deep mourning, escorted by a decidedly a.domestic man, he should be happy to retire from quadron of cuirassiers, announced in the principal squares of ihe turmoil of public life, and if -any gentleman of staunch he city the death of the King, and read a proclamation Whig principles would offer himself as a candidate to the signed by the eight Ministers of State. The late King, who electors of the county of Norfolk, he should have his decided completed his 69th year on the 27th of May, had always support, but rather than a Tory should be brought in, he enjoyed excellent health.

would remain till death at his post. “Accounts from Dresden say, that the negotiations, com- The assertion made in the London papers, that the Piranga nenced to arrange the differences which have arisen to the frigate is the private property of Lord Cochrane, cannot be succession to the Duchy of Saxe Gotha, have taken a favour-true, as the Brazilian diplomatic authorities in this country able turn, in consequence of the mediation of his Majesty the pay all the expenses of her outfit. The day which had been King of Saxony." ;

fixed for his Lordship’s return to the Piranga (the 20th) has FRENCH FUNDS.–Paris, Oct. 21.-Five per Cents. expired, but it is not yet certainly known when he will 99. 90.; Three per Cents. ,71 95c.; Bank Stock, 2,175; arrive.-Hampshire Telegraph. Neapolitan Rentes, 87. Exchange on London, one month, A short time ago a man dressed in the first style, and 25. 10.; three months, 24. 30.--Cours Authentique.

having a very handsome carriage and horses, with a coach

man and footman in gay livery, and all the et ceteras made The King of the Netherlands has opened the session of the his appearance at one of the first hotels in Worthing, and States-General at the Hague. There is little remarkable in conducted himself in such a bang-up style, that nobody for a this discourse but its conformity as to vagueness and generali-moment doubted him to be, what he represented himself, a zation with most other King's speeches which we have been sprig of nobility, and nearly related to one of the most ancient in the habit of listening to for many years. It would appear families in the northern extremity of the island. Under this that the finances of the Dutch colonies are not in the best impression several tradesmen gave him credit for a variety of condition, the greatness of the expenditure being made a sub-1 articles, and among others a Mr F , à very respectable ject of complaint by the King. That the commerce of those inhabitant of the town, sold him a tilbury, after a good deal colonies should decay is not unlikely, from the rigorous nar- of chaffing, for a low sum, and for which he expected to, rowness and monopolizing jealousy with which restrictions of receive ready money. This, however, did not suit Don all kinds are imposed upon it.

| Pseudo, who offered him a promissory note for 451. This was Private letters from Jamaica represent the recognition of of course declined; but Mr F. said he would take a good the Independence of Hayti, by the French Government, as bill at a month, drawn on London, and Don Pseudo agreed having excited a great sensation in that Island. Apprehen- to the arrangement, and promised to call the next day to sions appear to be entertained of a fresh impulse being given draw the bill, and the tilbury was therefore sent home forthto the feeling which animates the slave population of our West with. The next day, however, the landlord of the hotel, and 'India Islands, by what may be considered, as a confirmation other persons interested, were surprised to find a person had of the principles of emancipation. In the French Islands, a arrived from London, who demanded the carriage and horses, different feeling is said to prevail with many of the planters, liveried coachman and all, with which he set off to London, who are believed to be in treaty with the Haytian Govern- apparently pleased to find he had regained possession of what, ment, for lands in Hayti, to which they propose to migrate, there is no doubt, was his own property. On this alarming taking with them their negroes, now held as slaves. A few intelligence the tradesmen began to look blank, and the Don such instances might serve to illustrate the long agitated appeared ill at ease when he found himself under the necessity question between the advocates for slavery and for free labour. of facing his creditors. Most inopportunely for his falling, The state and apparent progress of improvement in Hayti, honour, the very nobleman, to whom, he stated, he was appear to be viewed more favourably by the French colonists nearly related, arrived in the town whilst they were all on the than by those of Great Britain. Ancient habits, and the qui vive at the mysterious disappearance of the carriage, &c. identity of language, will doubtless give French settlers in Now, therefore, was the time to hush, or confirm, every susHayti advantages that can be possessed by no other settlers. 1 picion as to the respectability and honourable bearing of the

A rumour was current in the city on Saturday, that it has Don. Application was accordingly made to his lordship by: - been determined on to appoint immediately a Minister Plepi- the tradespeople, and their inquiries were candidly met by potentiary to the republic of Columbia, and that Mr Hurtado, his lordship, who informed them that the person who had so the present Envoy from that country, will be received in the ingeniously availed himself of his lordship's patronymick name same rank at the British Court. We cannot positively affirm was an entire stranger to him. With this intelligence they that this intelligence is true, but the measure seems to follow waited on the Don, who received their information with adthe ratification of the treaties between the two countries, and mirable sang froid, told a long tale of a spurious collateral cannot at all events we conceive, be long delayed.

connexion, &c. and finally consented to give up the tilbury, WINDSOR, Oct. 21.-Yesterday afternoon, his Majesty which he had used for several days, and made from 101. to - enjoyed an airing in bis pony phaeton, accompanied by the | 151. worse for wear; to return to another person a valuable

Lord Steward, for upwards of two hours. His Majesty took | horse which he had bought, and raised the wind next day. the route by Cumberland Lodge to Virginia Water, and from sufficiently to redeem some of his wardrobe, and sent a note

thence to the New Lodge, and returned by Sandpit gate. at the same time, demanding a gold repeater on which money ... · Tomorrow evening his Majesty will entertain a dinner party

had been advanced. It is understood he is now gone to Litat the Royal Lodge.

| tlehampton. He is a very genteel looking man, with a good It is confidently believed, that when the Duke of Welling- address, and appears to have the education, and has emiton's eldest son, the Marquis of Douro, is of age, he will nently the manners, of a gentleman. He is 30 years of age. become a candidate for the representation of this County in 3 per Cent. Consols, 88. New 4 per Cent. 1822, 10314. Consols Parliament-of course, supported by the whole weight of Go- for 8848. vernment influence. Sir Wm. Heathcote, the present new

LONDON MARKETS. candidate, it is understood, declines all other than the popular

Corn EXCHANGE, Oct. 24, 1825. influence, though he has avowed that the bias of his politics

Supplies since last Monday very good. Old Wheat as last quoted; is not in accordance with that of Mr Jervoise, to whose va- Peas rather cheaper; and Oats dull at last Monday's prices,

* New Samples are rather dearer. Barley rather higher. Beans and

Flour, is cancy he aspire tn succeed,Hampshire Telegraph.

generally considered at 60s,

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ad | Author of " Sidney Biddulph," “ Nourjahad," &c. with Criticisms and Selectie land and Wales, by which Exportation and Bounty are to be regulated

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Just published, a Second Edition of

SPECIMENS of the ART of ORNAMENTAL TURNING, A ro S MITHFIELD, OCT. 24.

Eccentric and Concentric Patterns ; intended chiefly for the use of a Beef is selling this morning at 5s. to 5s. 20. per stone for best cattle, I ginners; with Plates. Price 128. post 4to boards,

By CHARLES H. RICH, Esq. and 45. 6d. to 4s. 10d. Mutton rather higher, and Veal from 6s. to 6s. 4d.

Also, by the same Author, a Second Edition of per stone. Pork the same as last week.

TABLES : by which are exhibited at one view, all the Divisions of To sink the Offalper Stone of 8lbs.

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Events of Days which are gone. By the Author of The Scrinium.

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able Life.

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“For the ear

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THE POLITICAL EXAMINER

by gradual improvement: then indeed there would be some pretext

for the assertion, that during a most expensive war such a sacrifice Party is the madness of many for the gain of a few.-Pope.

was impracticable. But we have now had the experience of five suc

cessive experiments to show that no sacrifice, however temporary, is PROSPEROUS, STATE OF THE REVENUE-ITS CAUSES

necessary for the lowering of immoderate taxes. For instance, the CREDIT DUE FOR IT AND FURTHER RELIEF FROM revenue is now yielding a larger sum per month than it did in JanuTAXATION.

ary last, although since then portions of duties, producing nearly two Tae advocates of free trade and moderate duties op taxed articles, millions of pounds a-year, have been remitted. There is consequently naturally find matter of satisfaction in the prosperity of the revenue

every reason to suppose, that had the wise principle urged by the which has resulted from the partial adoption of their principles by the

Economists been put into operation, as they suggested, during the more liberal portion of the present Ministry. In loosening the fetters

time of the highest taxation, the country would have been less in of commerce, and relaxing the over-streiched cord of taxation, our

debt by some millions than it now is; much suffering would have Minister of Finance followed the advice which the Opposition had been saved to the people; and those springs of national prosperity for many years given the administration, both in Parliament and which even under the disadvantage of an ignorant administration of through the medium of the Press. Would we therefore, deny to Mr

ve therefore, deny to Mr the finances have recovered their elasticity upon so recent a relief, ROBINSON all merit in his recent measures ? Far from it: we give

would have been in more productive action than ever. The Econohim full credit for more liberal and sagacious views than any of his

his mists saw long ago, that certain Excise and Custom duties were raised predecessors for a long time back possessed ;, as well as for the courage

too high; that diminished consumption, extensive smuggling, and necessary to follow the suggestions of his political opponents, and to

enormous expense in preventive establishments, lessened the revebrave the clamours of parties whose real or supposed interest was likely

erest was likely nue more than the high rate of duty augmented it. Ministers admitted to be injured by that which relieved the community at large. We

this for the first time in 1821. Yet their partisans would deny alb wish the partisans of the Ministry would be equally candid, and would merit to the Economists, and bestow it all on the Ministers, under not grudge to the Economists the credit of recommending for suc

pretence of the policy of the liberal system being different in war cessive years those very principles, the acting upon which has pro

from its expediency in peace; though peace and war have no more to duced results so encouraging to the experiment. Mr BROUGHAM, at

do with the question of reducing a losing excess of impost, than have the cominencement of the Session, was very happy in his comment ?

the changes of the moon.. upon the apparently unconscious gravity with which the CHANCELLOR

So much for the question between the two parties as to the merit of of the ExchEQUER announced, as if originating with himself, finan- / first proposing the financial improvements which have been attended cial propositions which had been urged upon the attention of those with such brilliant results. It is contrary to our sense of justice to be poor creatures, his predecessors, session after session, by men who now silent when endeavours are making to rob public speakers and writers listened to the echo of their own arguments. Mr CANNING attempted of the credit due to them for promulgating principles which others. to parry this home thrust by the joke about " my thunder :" the joke who happen to be in office, have turned to such capital account. This was a pleasant one, but it left the merits of the case just as before.

injustice is the greater, inasmuch as the first propounden of the docThe Courier, we observe, has taken a new objection to the claims trines now in fashion were abused at the time as visionary, dangeof the Opposition on this score. With the Treasury scribe, of course, rous, and disaffected persons; and therefore have a stronger claim to no Minister can ever be in the wrong: VANSITTART was right in the at least a bare acknowledgment of the loan from those who borrow restrictive and screwing-up system ROBINSON is right in the relaxing their ideas. We give the present Ministers'ample eredit for the sagaand moderate one. The question, we are told, is not one of origi- city and spirit they have evinced in their financial arrangements, as nality, but of the fitting time: the Economists demanded free trade far as they have gone; but we would have given them still more, had and reduced taxation duriøg the war, when to yield to the demand they manifested, at the same time, the decent candour of confessing, would have been ruinous to the country; the present Ministers have

homecent Ministers have that “Gentlemen opposite" had long ago pointed out the course acted upon those principles during a period of profound peace, when which they now pursue, and that their predecessors wanted sense the country was advancing daily in prosperity, and the trial could be enough to pursue it earlier. .. ... . . made with safety. And then our Tory advocate adds a sneer at the In what respect advantage will be taken of the unexpected surplus “ abstract theories" of the Economists, and contrasts them with the of receipts which the improving revenue has placed at the disposal of “ practical wisdom" of his masters. All this is shallow work, to be Parliament, is a question of extreme interest to a community still sure; and merits but a brief answer. Let us confine ourselves to the smarting under many extravagant imposts. That surplus is large reduction of certain excessive taxes, which is the principal cause of the enough to enable Ministers to do great things in the way of remitting flourishing revenue. The policy of such reduction is the same in war taxes. “The amount of increase," says the Dundee Advertiser, “ on as in peace. What is the ground of this triumph at the success of the last year's revenue, taking it in round numbers, is nearly two milthe late financial measures of government? Lowered duties have lions sterling. Were this to produce a repeal of taxes to an equal yielded more to the Treasury than the high ones-of course by means amount, as most assuredly it ought, the repeal would give to every of the increased consumption of taxed articles. It is obvious, that family il. or it would put four shillings into the pocket of every mari. wherever this has been the case, the taxation had previously been too woman, and child in the kingdom,—the population of England and high, even for fiscal purposes. The sooner 'therefore it was reduced, Scotland being taken at ten millions, and the average number of india the more advantage would accrue both to the tax-payers and Treasury. viduals in a family at five. If to this were added the repeal of those The Economists called for it in vain year after year: it was refused blots on our statute-book, those stigmas on the fair fame and honesty by the greedy ignorance of Pitt, Rose, and VANSITTaRt. In 1821 of our governing classes, the Corn-Laws, there is scarcely a poor man Mr ROBINSON begins to act upon the very principles so often pressed in the kingdom who might not, as we phrase it in Scotland, 'add a upon his incompetent predecessors; his success is so rapid and en- staff to his cog." couraging, that he proceeds in the next and subsequent years to 'In considering what relief we have a right to expect from Parenlarge their sphere of operation;' and experience uniformly proves, liament in the next session, we must not confiné our calculations to that be even underrates the productive effects of augmented con- the bare amount of surplus revenue; but we must remember that the sumption under a diminished rate of inpost. After five successive Minister is now supported by five years' experience in relying, to the annual reductions of taxes, the produce of the revenue is even extent of some millions more than that surplus, upon the greater progreater than before. Suppose then these reductions had taken place portionate productiveness of lowered rates of taxation. With two 10 or 12 years ago-does it not follow that the people would by this millions to risk, he may and ought to cut down with a bold hand the time have derived more benefit than they have from reductions so heaviest remaining impositions upon articles in general use. 'He has recent? Would they not have escaped years of over-strained taxation, found the profitable result of reducing the duties upon wine, British so destructive of the very sources of national wealth? Would they not spirits, rum, coffee, stamps, &c. Let him try the experiment with have avoided that cruel and stupid imposition of new duties upon those upon brandy, tobacco, tea (including an abatement of that articles of consumption in 1819 (ihe fourth year of peace) which was shameful grievance, the East India Company's monopoly) upon polialone sufficient to demonstrate the utter incapacity as well as corrup-cies of insurance, newspapers, advertisements, &c. tion of the then Minister of Finance? It is not as if any temporary reason to anticipate success with the latter as there was with the

There is as good Sacrifice of revenue were required, which' was to be counterbalanced former; and there are besides the two millions to fortify him against

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