Imagens das páginas

Déjà me couchais parmi.

La naissante herbette, Quand je vis mon doux ami

Cueillant la fleurette. .
Comment gronder un amant

De sa diligence ?
J'écoutais son compliment

Avec complaisance.
D'un bouquet il me fit don,

Simplette, doucette ;
J'oubliai cette leçon,

Que l'on m'avait faite. Jeune Beauté doit, dit-on,

Etre orgueilleusette ;
On reconnait à ce ton
Noble pucellette.

A beauty ought, they say,

To be a little proud ;
It is the only way

To know her from the crowd. I rose at early morning,

Upon this truth intent, And down the garden turning,

Beneath the trees I went : I lay me on the bloom

Among the grassy bowers, And saw my lover come

A-gathering of flowers. How could a lady look

On such a work askance? His compliments I took,

Town, with complaisance : A bunch of flow'rs he gave me

From his own coat-button, And, as I hope to save me,

My lesson was forgotten. Good lord ! and yet they say,

A beauty should be proud ; It is the only way

To know her from the crowd.

The Peggy of Allan Ramsay is a promising specimen. If I had married out of the Lizard family in the Guardian-(which by the way is the sort of family I spoke of in my last)--I should have wished Miss Cornelia to have more of “ the Sparkler" in her composition, or the Sparkler more of Cornelia. Since I saw them last, they both want mending a little. I used to prefer the Sparkler, till she made that unsparkling observation in No. 31; which however I trust the self-love of the old gentleman induced him to misrepresent. But Mrs. Cornelia's romance, in the same number, would have been more to my taste, had she acknowledged at once, that she intended to make somebody happy, instead of beating about the bush in that manner.

I will conclude this paper with two old French songs which are much to the purpose. The first of them is by Maynard, an author of a caustic turn, who agrees with the Nobleman above mentioned in preferring peasants to ladies. The other is from the good-natured pen of Froissart, the old Chronicler, and makes the lady partake of the peasant. If Froissart wrote many such songs, his poems deserve to be re-printed as well as his Chronicles.

HELENE, Oriane, Angelique,

Je ne suis plus de vos amans ;
Loin de moi l'eclat magnifique

De noms puisés dans les romans.
Ma passion, quoiqu' Amour fasse,

Ne fera plus son paradis
Des beautés qui tirent leur race

De la chronique d'Amadis.
Vive Barbe, Alix, et Nicole,

Dont les simples naïvetés
Ne furent jamais à l'école

Des ruses et des vanités.
Une santé fraîche et robuste

Fait que toujours leur teint est net;
Et lorsque leur beauté s'ajuste,

La campagne est leur cabinette.
Leur âme n'est pas inhumaine

Pour tirer mes veux en longueur ;
Jamais je n'ai perdu l'haleine

En courant après leur rigueur.
Adieu, dames, dont l'habit riche

Sous un lux vain et trompeur
N'est autre chose que la niche

D'une carcasse à faire peur.
J'en veux aux femmes de village,

Je n'aime plus en autre part;
La nature en leur beaux visages
Fait la figue aux secrets de l'art.

HELENS, Clelias, Orianas,

I'm no longer of your train ;
Far from me be your sultanas,

With their splendour, proud and vain.
I can love, and feel a passion ;

But no more I place my bliss
Upon dames of lofty station,

Who descend from Amadis.
Long live Alice, Barbara, Molly !

Girls, whose little simple hearts
Never went to school with folly

To pick up your airs and arts.
Strong and fresh with healthy duties,

Theirs the tint is, theirs the bloom :
When the rogues adjust their beauties,

Fields are all their dressing-room.
They, good creatures, keep no man in

Vile suspense, to show their power;
None need lose their breath with running

After them, from hour to hour.
Farewell, ladies, patch'd and painted,

Who beneath your stately clothes
Hide but limbs with luxury tainted,

Bodies fit to scare the crows.
Morning eyes and milkmaid faces

Henceforth rule an honest heart:
Nature, in their rustic graces,

Snaps her fingers at your art.

JEUNE Beauté doit, dit-on,

Etre orgueilleusette ;
On reconnait à ce ton

Noble pucellette.
Hier au hasard me levai

Dés la matiné;
Au jardin me promenai


WESTMINSTER REVIEW. The recently published number (V.) of the Westminster Review affords a fine example of the rapidly increasing strength and robustness of that well-timed and serviceable publication. In its own peculiar line, every article is of sterling value; such we deem those on the “ Project of a New Penal Code for the State of Louisiana ;" on “ Contagion and Sanitary Laws;" and on the “ Political Economy of the Quarterly Review," which last is a most demolishing mixture of reasoning and satire. In the belligerent style we have also to particularise the application of a most tremendous “cat-o'-nine-tails " to the poor Laureat's “Book of the Church." Never was Fudge palpable more smartly decomposed; the uncanonisation of St. Laud in particular, so preposterously made the great glory of the Thirty-nine Articles, is as effectual as it is amusing. Nothing, in fact, can be more salutary than these searching articles in abatement of the conventional jargon in favour of certain characteristics, theories and notions, which are taken on trust in reference to the great events of English history. It remained, however, for a Southey to make a Saint of Laud, whom even a Warburton, and the most sober prelates of his own church, have never hesitated to condemn. But the fashion is not confined to Southey ; this manufactured approbation to such unequivocal characters as Laud, or very equivocal ones, like Clarendon, extends much further The most heartless scoundrels that ever wore a crown, are gay monarchs, and merry monarchs, and good-natured monarchs, in the same page which details actions that should consign them to the block; in the genuine spirit of Sir Walter's old lady of Tillietudlem, whose species of folly he could both depicture and practice. We are told that the High Churchmen encourage this very silly book of Southey's; they should rather smother the author beneath their surplices,-cover him with soiled lawn sleeves, like Falstaff in the buckbasket, and away with him to Datchet Mead. Never was champion so little calculated for the intellectual warfare of the day, which, whatever its other defects, is decidedly opposed to the confectionary, make-believe style of controversy adopted by the Laureat; so suspiciously manufactured, that even children perceive the sugared falsehood which manly intellect invariably detects, even when ignorant of the merits of the dispute.

Another pair of Writers are also smartly handled : Medwin, for the inguruanne of his ncantad Conversations of Lord Byron, many

glaring instances of which are rendered incontrovertible; and that him professionally, as well as otherwise, is to be utterly unreasonable. unspeakably pleasant, modest, good sort of a man, R. C. Dallas, Esg. We will go further, and assert that whether his own fault or not, his for his sapient Recollections. This article acquires additional value re-appearance so soon after his disgraceful exposure, was a most from its evident connection with the highest sonrces of information. ! injudicious encounter with public opinion in a state of fusion, and To contradict much of the vain and egotistical jargon of this curious merits the reproof due to unblushing temerity, whether managerial or l-myself-I, notes are given which were found in the hand-writing otherwise. Whatever may be thought of the coarse, and possibly of Lord Byron, on the letters addressed to him by his grave and all-avaricious and designing character of the woman, the first general s ufficient adviser and correspondent, some of which are very piquant. | impression must be that of unqualified disgust at both parties; an For instance, in one of his letters, that good sort of person (all good l impression to be subsequently qualified, by the comparative frequency sort of persons are uniformly very careful of their own interest) of such scenes in far more exalted life, to say nothing of the descendacknowledges to have been benefited to the amount of 600l. or 7001. ing scale. Nay, we should not be quite satisfied, if this spontaneous by Lord Byron, on which his Lordship enumerates, on the letter itself, I feeling did not in the first instance exist; for however necessary to gifts to the amount of 13501. Again, when he claims the merit of subsequently regulate and reason it down, we would by no means saving him from the enmity of the world, “ the Devil you did!” is exchange it for the opposing extreme of apathy at such exposures, written against the passage; and, on another assumption of service, which however occasionally

which however occasionally correct or philosophical in the individual, Lord Byron, in evident astonishment, writes" When did this is an unfavourable indication in the mass. Expressing, therefore, happen, and how ?”

little surprise at the scene on Monday evening, and dropping for the The most curious fact however in this exposure is the discovery of most part the particular case of Mr. KEAN, we will endeavour to Mr. Dallas's application to Lord Byron for his note-book, or Me-trace a principle in relation to social justice, which ought to make moirs, which he modestly requests may be handed over to him to | the well-informed public pause as to the propriety of publicly assailmake up a book for the benefit of him, the said Mr. Dallas. On his ing an actor in the exercise of his profession, on the score of private application to the Chancellor, the worthy letter-writer pleaded this | immorality. letter, and the non-answer to it by Lord Byron, as implying that the Except to (we should hope) the very few, who with little knowlatter had no objection to his making use of any letters in his posses- ledge of the source, regard public performers with some of the prejusion. Our readers will smile, when they learn that to Mr. Dallas's | dices of ancient, and indeed we believe of modern Catholicism, as a application is affixed the following inscription in the hand-writing of species of hireling slaves, almost hors de loi, and scarcely within the Lord Byron, in prose and verse :

pale of social protection,--we presume the actor is entitled to the “ Here lies R. C. Dellas,

same legal security as other men. It is almost trite to follow up this Who wanted money and had some malice ;

observation, by remarking that no other man can be directly attacked If instead of a cottage he had lived in a palace,

in his profession or occupation for the offence of Mr. Kean, and We should have had none of these sallies.”

consequently that such attack is socially, if not morally, unjust. We “The upshot of this letter,” continues Lord Byron, “ appears to have already allowed too much, to contend that this reference to be to obtain my sanction to the publication of a volume about Mr. principle can be expected to control public feeling at its height in a Dallas and myself, which I shall not allow. The letter has remained, I place so directly calculated for its expression, but it clearly ought to and will remain, unanswered. I never injured Mr. R. C. Dallas, but have its weight as soon as possible. All those who cannot pardon did him all the good I could, and I cannot conceive what he means Mr. Kean may very properly decline either to witness or to encouby reproaching me with ungenerous treatment; the facts will speak rage him, for this species of discountenance may be exhibited against for themselves to those who know them the truth is easy."

| any other man; but we cannot perceive, while we should be criminal These are diverting exposures of moral and religious selfishness, for directly annoying a rakish lawyer, physician, or divine, in the and will render the passing number of the Westminster Review as I practice of his calling, that we are entitled to pronounce a sentence of entertaining to one set of readers as it is corrective of one sort of extinction on the actor. In fact, none of these professors are followed writers; and if not welcome, at least instructive, to all.

for their morality, but their ability; nor can one, more than the other, be directly assailed without comparative oppression. Let us

institute a comparison exhibiting consequences-An eminent lawyer THEATRICAL EXAMINER. is convicted of criminal conversation, pays the allotted quantum of

damages, and abating the consequences of personal disesteem, pro

DRURY-LANE. SATISFIED, from the nature of the case, that few of our readers will

ceeds in his avocation unmolested. An actor does the same thing,

pays the same damages, endures the same abatement of personal not have acquired a tolerable knowledge of the nature of Mr. Kean's | reception at this theatre on Monday pight last, we shall simply, in the

esteem, and is moreover to be driven from his profession! Law, way of record, state, that supported by a number of staunch, if in

morals, or logic, none of these will sanction this injustice.

Again, whatever the delinquency, its publicity neither adds to nor other respects imprudent friends, and opposed by a body of decided, I detracts from it; strictly speaking indeed, it is a misfortune rather than but less organised opponents, he performed Richard III, from begin

a fault; a reasoning which has all its weight when divines or bishops bening to end, without being heard during a brace of consecutive sentences. The character of the scene may be gathered by those

tray the fallen nature, on which occasions it is usually deemed indecoacquainted with the 0. P. disturbances, except that from the nature

rous by vice-suppressors and others to dwell on the peccadillo. Now

why is the pupil of the Portico, the stoically educated actor, to meet of the contest much of the exclamatory jargon on both sides was with less quarter than the grave divine? And then, however wellinsufferably disgusting. Crim. Cons. Cornutos, and the epistolary founded the impulse in the first instance, a little reflection leads to us phraseology of the unhappy tragedian, were bandied about with

a number of parallel enormities, which although conspicuous enough, extreme license; and the play appropriately introducing a body of London Aldermen, additional spirit was of course excited.

produce very little comparative indignation in bosoms which swell To add

inordinately at the immorality of the actor. Noble Lords are witto the charm, a sprinkling of females were present, who did their best to

nessed acting panders to their own wives, with the greatest composupport the assailed performer; and one in particular, arrayed in sure, and the succession of one affair of this kind to another is black and scarlet, flourished a handkerchief in meek and matronly borne with complacency, and not unfrequently with an indur approbation. The Pit, with few exceptions, was made up of smile. The complaisance of Mr. Alderman Cox, had he even con Keanites, and appeared to be partly composed of the description

nived at his own dishonour, as at first suspected, could not exceed of animals called bloods, fancy men, &c. while on the other side of that of more than one of the peerage within the memory of man. the question, with, no doubt, much genuine indignation, was evidently Why are playhouses to be so much purer than palaces? Are we mixed up a degree of personal, and we much fear of professional, dered by these queries the apologists of vice ? Certainly not; bu

but we rancour. To conclude, the supporters of Mr. Kean outnumbered his opponents; but the latter effectually extinguished the performance:

cannot allow our indignation to be so specially directed, and have a and now having generalised the matter of fact, we will venture a

very great suspicion of the sincerity of those who are so partial in the few observations on the moral and social features of this very extra

display of their moral furor as to be always especially considerate of ordinary case.

powerful people. Upon the precise principle of Joseph Surface, the When disgust is involuntarily excited by a public disclosure of so accommodating is a certain species of high-toned moramy, "

latter may sacrifice their honour, if they preserve their reputation; nay, revolting coarseness and immorality, we know of nothing more critical, I calls for civet against high-bred noisomeness, however notorious than the office of casuist, be it assumed by whom it may. The spon A Morning Paper has ably put the argument in another point of taneousness of the feeling is, in a modified sense, a proof of its | view :-by making theatrical audiences arbiters of mora justness; and to qualify and make distinctions, is to lower the tone of observes, the most ridiculous and capricious results will often follow, a salutary and moral indignation. To clear ourselves from this rock, I

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not to mention the absurdity of resting the character of national we unhesitatingly affirm, that we deem Mc Kean irreparably dearaded | momola non to him on om conle of n Second thougais


To conclude: without wishing to lessen the disgust duly excited again in so effective a manner, that Mr. ELLISTON came forward. He by a development of so much coarse sensuality, it is but fair to

then entered into a statement, in which he described the nature of the Mr. Kean to remark, that his strange epistles could have been ad

engagement between him and Mr. KEAN. He begged to state, that in

July he engaged Mr. KEAN to play twenty nights, at the rate of 501. a dressed only to a woman whom their coarseness did not appal; and

night, and at the time the contract was entered into, Mr. KEAn engaged

is that he appears to have been ,ber dupe and privy-purse from the

to appear on the 16th of Jan. Mr. KEAN, to whom he Mr. (ELLISTON) was beginning. The very preservation of such letters, without pretending as much bound by the contract as Mr. KEAN was to him, accordingly did to account for their discovery by the husband, convinces us that they appear on Monday last.-A Gentleman asked Mr.' ELLISTON why were held in possession with a view to future threat or extortion; he appeared on that night? Mr. ELLISTON replied, his appearance there is no other reasonable mode of accounting for their existence. on that night was previously announced by public advertisement.We may also add, that however immersed in the sty of Circe and Another Gentleman asked, “how came you to fix Monday last of passion, his wife and children never appear to have lost their hold

ar to have lost their hold for Mr. Kean's appearance ?"-Mr. ELLISTON replied, “ that he wrote to in the recollection of the husband and the father.* This remark

Mr. K. before the trial, to know if he was ready to fulfil his engagement, ought to be made, because it is true; and setting aside playhouse

and he replied that he was (applause and hisses, and loud cries of,

“ Elliston, off, off;” and “ Kean for ever"]. He assured the audience clamour, Mr. Kean will be severely punished for his failings. No that he was Mr. Kur's friend and whatever might be thought of him man can descend into a wide circle of disesteem as a man, be his by others his private opinion could not be altered. He begged to inform genius what it may as an actor, without enduring both mental and the public that he had a New Tragedy in rehearsal, in which Mr. KEAN pecuniary ill-consequences a truth which ought to make considerate was the hero (applause and hisses] ; and that he should always exert people pause in the infliction of the additional penalty of direct inter- himself to gratify the public taste, by the production of novelty. Ile ruption, a species of persecution which we conscientiously maintain to pledged himself, and he trusted that the audience believed him to be an be partial and oppressive, and as interfering with the equality of rights honourable Gentleman Cloud uproar,] to bring Mr. KEAN before them, if and of claim to protection, which form the only sound foundation for

silence was obtained, and Mr. K. had not left ihe Theatre.—The audience

waited quietly for a quarter of an hour, when cries of“ KEAN!” “ KEAN!" social justice, even essentially immoral.

brought Mr. ELLISTON again on the stage. He introduced Mr. Kean to • It may also be observed, that the recklessness of dissipation in Mr. the audience, and, having shook him heartily by the hand, requested KEAN is alloyed by much benevolent, charitable, and social feeling, as that a hearing should be granted. For some time, considerable opposition none can better prove than the distressed and unfortunate of his own was manifested; and as soon as it had subsided in some degree, Mr. K. profession, to say nothing of his openness to an appeal to his sympathies came to the front of the stage and said, “ Ladies and Gentlemen, if it is from any quarter.

supposed by those whom I address, that I stand before you for the purpose · FRIDAY EVENING.

of explaining or justifying my private conduct, I must beg leave to state Since writing the foregoing observations, another evening of similar that they will be disappointed, for I am quite unable to do so. I stand tumult has occurred. The rush to get seats was as great as on Monday,

before you, Ladies and Gentlemen, as the representative of SHAKSPEARE'S and the skirmish began by a vociferous call for Mr. ELLISTON, who, after

heroes, and by the public voice I must stand or fall. My private a while, came on, but not until the play had begun. Mr. ELLISTON came

conduct has been investigated before a legal tribunal, and decency forbad close to the foot-lights, bowed repeatedly, and exerted himself by gesti my publishing letters and giving evidence that would have inculpated culations and obeisances to obtain a hearing, but not a syllable could be others, though such a course would, in a great degree, have exculpated understood even in the pit. The opponents of Mr. KEAN, though few me. I will not submit to be trampled on by a hostile Press; but if the in number, had so systematically arranged their plan, that upon signals

public is of opinion that my conduct merits exclusion from the stage, I being given, hootings and hissings commenced, and continued till Mr. am ready to bow to its decision, and take my farewell.” ELLISTON, finding that his appeal for a hearing was fruitless, retired ; | The applause which followed the delivery of this address was great. and the scene proceeded in inexplicable dumb show. On Mr. KEAŃ Mr. KEAN appeared much agitated, and so overpowered by his feelings, appearing in the second scene in the first act, the noise of the malcontents,

that Mr. ELLISTON caught him in his arms and hurried him off the stage. and the cheers of the Keanites, were astounding. The first sentence

The foregoing account leaves us only the more confirmed in our preMr. KEAN uttered was

vious view of the unjustifiable nature of this species of attack, and that « 'Tis better as it is;"

both in the playhouse, and, we fear, from a part of the press, that but the movement of his lips was alone observable: not a single line of it is organised by something more than a concern for public morals. this scene was heard from beginning to end ; but on Mr. Kean making

For our own parts, whatever opinion we may form of the prudence or his exit he was cheered loudly. In the third scene, in the first act, a prop

propriety of so prompt an appearance on the part of Mr. Kean, we shall paper was thrown on the stage, on which was written, “Mr. KEAN, come

deem his expulsion from the stage, looking to the parallel cases in higher lorward." Mr. Kean did not attempt to comply with the request, and

quarters which are passed over with perfect indifference, as one of the his address to the Senate was inaudible, and not a sentence was heard

grossest instances of cant and oppression ever witnessed, in an age which &

oo m till the latter end of the fourth scene in the first act.-Mr. WALLACK, in consequence of the noise, was unable to hear the cue given, and there were cries of * Off, off !” Mr. WALLACK looked very expressively at the

ON INSANITY. audience, and said, “ Why should I go off?” Loud applause, and shouts

TO THE EDITOR OF THE EXAMINER, of “ Bravo, WALLACK !" succeeded, and many persons called upon him

Insanity I take to be that state of mind, in which it does not admit its to “ go on!"

natural, orderly perceptions, and follows on to irregular, unnatural, extraA tall gentleman, in a front box on the second tier, excited much obser- vagant conclusions--attended too with correspondent, and, if not overvation, from his violent opposition to Mr. KEAN, and many of the Keanites ruled by some preventing cause, proportionably dangerous or foolish in the pit pelted him with orange-peel, much to the amusement of those actions, -who had attended to witness the « row.” During the first scene of the

" Or have we eaten of that insane root second act, various contests took place between the contending parties,

That takes the reason prisoner?"-Shakspeare. ** The audience of a Theatre is not a legitimate tribunal for deciding upon | If the above definition be admitted as just, the harm, I fear, will apply private character," was shouted by some, and others replied, “ He has to more of our species than we may at first suppose : and, indeed, if men shown his contempt for public opinion;" and the 2d Act ended with cries I would submit to some occasional self-examinations, so as to obtain a due of _“ Manager !"-ELLISTON, come forward,” &c. In the 3d Act, Mr. I portion of self-knowledge, few would escape, in some part of their conduct KEAN was greatly applauded. His action was so expressive, that it through life, even in their own judgment, the charge of insanity; so as rivetted the attention of a portion of the audience. The 4th Act passed to be prepared to say, on the return of their reason, --Surely, we must cver with the same clamour that attended the preceding scenes. At the have been mad to have acted so. commencement of the fifth the uproar exceeded description. In the Accordingly, we find many of the ancient philosophers, who treated first scene Mrs. W. West, as Desdemona, was discovered in bed, and on of the several passions, have spoken of the excess of them all as a species Mr. Kean approaching her, cries of “ shame,"_" bravo Kean," were of insanity or madness; and the satyrists have followed in the same beard from all parts. What is his private character to us?” some ex- \ course: and as some philosophers have wept, and others laughed, at this claimed; and others replied, “ Look to yourselves, you cantiug hypo- view of human nature, so some satyrists have been serious, others farcrites-he shan't be crushed by you; you are not men.” A placard was cical: and even medical men, speaking professionally, and in reference exhibited by KEAN's friends, on which was inscribed,“Silence for KEAN," to the constitution of our mere animal system, have maintained, that there and some of the most active called out, “ Mr. Kean's friends should be is something which strangely diverts it from its right course--the proper ulent, and the weakness of his enenies will be exposed ;" but this hint order of nature and reason. And were we to follow the example of the was not attended to, and the tumult in no degree subsided. At the con-author of that black lettered book, the Ship of Fools, and class mankind, clusion of the play, the greater part of the audience in the pit and boxes we should conclude, I apprehend, that there are as many madmen in the Mood up, and gave Kean loud and continued cheers. The curtain fell world, as fools. amid the calls of Manager-Manager;" and on Mr. Thompson ap- As to the madness of the passions, nothing seems to be more generally pearing to announce the next night's performance, he was assailed with admitted ; and no proverb is more popular in all Mr. Ray's book of cries of " Off, off ;” and continued shouts were given for Mr. ELLISTON English Proverbs, including also the foreign, than our expressions of,-. to appear. Mr. THOMPSON ultimately retired without announcing the Mad with envy, mad with anger, mad with revenge. Nay, pity and sest performance.

hope can be mad. Where the passions run into the grossness of lust and When the curtain fell there were some cries for the Manager, and luxury, they become rank suicides, and therefore must be clearly insane: some for Mr. Kean, but there seemed to be no disposition to comply, and and so of ambition, 1 was not until the Pantomime had proceeded that the cry was raised

" From Macedonia's madman to the Swede,"

affords but


if we compare the attempts of ambition with its results, it will be found | The poet means dementes (mad). When christians separated from the downright insanity :

heathen world, seeing it all sunk in idolatry and the worship of demons, - I demens curre per Alpes,

they thought it so perverted from right reason, that they charged even Ut pueris placeas, et declamatio fias.-Juv.

the wise men with being fools; and on the other hand, when the As to poor love, that is allowed on all hands to have its madness: and

| heathens beheld christians, men, women, and children, running to mar. witness its wanderings, its absences, its wakefulnesses, its sigbings and

tyrdom (festinantes) for what they could not comprehend, they thought dyings, with a long et cetera:

these martyrs med. “ Such is the fit (read Madness) which doth true beauty love."

The Hindoo, Mahometan, Christian, and Jew, have so many peculiari. Spenser.

ties in which they differ from each other, that they appear to each other

far from reasonable. The Hindoo does not understand any of the others. It estranges a map from himself, making him a different creature from

The Mahometans have for centuries talked of Christians and Jews, as what he was, or, perhaps, ever will be again :

dogs and swine, and have treated them accordingly, spirited, even to Quand era in parte altr’huom da quel ch’i sono.--Petrarch. madness, by the Koran itself; while the Jew and Christian, contemplatIt is not necessary to be dazzled with spangles of quotations on this ing the inhuman sacrifices, strange rites and ceremonies, and even the subject. Any one moderately acquainted with the writings of the phi very Heavens of these religionists, have referred them to some original losophers or the poets, whether ancient or modern, will recollect autho insanity or bold imposture, which, in this case, is but another word for rities ample enough to justify the observation, that the passions in their the same thing. excess are a species of insanity.

Now it is clear, that it is from the different peculiarities of their reliTo this host of the “fury passions, some of which all men, more or

I gions, that different nations form their opinions of each others character; less, are subject to, may be added another, equally powerful, perhaps, and

and were our conclusion to be made up from the separate opinions which general, that which is raised in the imagination ; and a most powerful

one forms of the other, we should think that the whole world was nearly faculty the imagination is, though it is often found, that where the ima

overrun with insanity; though, to do them all justice, each party esteems gination is remarkably strong, the reasoning faculty is proportionably I religion itself to be a most sacred thing. weak. This creative faculty, too, is often a diseased one; and its disease There are many other sorts of Insanity; for do not, for example, philois very contagious. Its fancies, its dreams, its visions, and airy nothings, sophers, metaphysicians, and other great men, treat the opinions of their have, perhaps, passed into so many forms, and sights, and freaks, as of opponents, however venerated for ages, and deemed perfectly rational, existent beings, which have become matter, if not of rational, yet of real as mere dreams, visions, chimeras, theories, which had led all mankind belief, when the visionaries with whom they originated have been long astray from right reason? And so we stand at present, till perhaps, since gathered to their fathers. To this source (particularly when com

some new lights may arise, demonstrating how far we have been wanbined with some popular belief, or soine diseased state of the animal

dering from right reason ; and we may be then thought as insane in some system) may be referred our ghosts and apparitions, with all the imagi

of our demonstrations, as we now think our ancestors to have been in nary beings and other illusions which hold captive every sense, every

some of their theories. faculty. And we need not go with Mr. Collins to the Highlands of But let us, once for all, pass to political and national Insanity; a most Scotland (we at least need not stop there) for such-like superstititions. frightful prospect! A state of nature (as it is called) that is, a state of They will be found in every part of ihe globe-from the coast of Labrador mutual fear, in which every man has the will to hurt and kill his fellow. to Terra del Fuego, from Greenland to ihe Cape of Good Hope-and not man, would, as every one must see (if it could exist) be a state of the a village in our own so-enlightened England is free from them.

most frantic madness. Passing however that state, let us view man as a The imagination is susceptible itself of much frenzy, without the

social animal, and as living in civilized society. impulse of foreign causes, ihough it is very naturally subject also to

If one nation is obliged to provide itself with arms, fortifications, and their influence ; for whether we consider the mind as a distinct sub

the like, to provide against the violence of other nations, and with laws, stance from the body, or be itself material, or be the mere effect of the

and other securities, against its fellow-citizens, implying that they live organization of matter, however we settle this question, it is found, that

in constant apprehensions and alarms from each other :our animal and intellectual systems necessarily sympathise with each

If, in society, government is instituted for the protection, happiness, and other. Hence the fluid which circulates through our body affects the

prosperity of the whole community, and, if it should be with its own mind, and in proportion as the blood is violently propelled or retarded,

consent, and, yet in most political societies, the laws and administration the imagination will be excited and elevated, or enfeebled and depressed.

have been for the pleasure, glory, caprice, and at the will, of one man:Hypochondria, and a debility of the nervous system, and certain inter

If, in the case, where the government has been in the hands of one ruptions to the regular course of nature, may raise strange phantasms,

man, that man ought to have been preeminent for wisdom or virtue, or the most melancholy aberrations from right reason; and, while on this

strength, and yet it has more often been in the hands of those notorious subject, the effect of certain drugs and gases, when received into our

for folly, vice, and weakness, and that through a succession of years :sanguineous system, may be considered, such as Opium, the Nitrous

If there should be a government (said to be the best of all) composed Oxyde, the Febrile Miasma, with other things, portions of animal and

of three powers, independent of each other, each being a check on the vegetable substances, which might be mentioned: these received into

other, and yet tliere should spring out of its very vitals a monster-power the blood, will powerfully affect the imagination, give a man a new

wbich should swallow up all the others : : system of feelings, senses, and passious—they can throw him in short

If, while a Christian people, long and grievously oppressed by s' into a temporary delirium, and force him out of the world of realities

barbarian state, and, at length, struggling for their liberties and their into the land of shades.

very existence, should not be countenanced and supported, but opeols But indeed the name of the agents in the imagination is-Legion ;

discouraged or secretly opposed by other Christian governments, and

that contrary to their own commercial interests :and I believe it is an error, which would suppose' that men of “ great

IfColonies or very distant Provinces should have been governed by their parts" and genius are pre-eminently subject to them: men of the dullest mould are as much phrenzied by these necromancers as men of the most

parent or victor state on principles little consistent with their liberties luminous minds.

prosperity, and ease (as they never are) and they should, at length, have

arrived to a degree of knowledge, strength, and influence, which enable Next we might mention Religious Insanity. Here I allude, not to

them to govern themselves more to their own satisfaction, and even to religion as an exercise of mind, of real belief, and a good conscience,

the advantage of the parent or sovereign state, and yet that state, alter nor of mere enthusiasın, taken for a strong impassioned feeling,nor of their repeated failures at subjugation, after a full demonstration through many of those controversies which improperly take the sacred name of

a course of years, of the improbability, and even the impossibility of ob religion,-nor do I speak of your Joanna Southcottes, and such like, who taining their end, still persevere in their fruitless crusades :-we have been raving mad, or prime knaves- I speak of some who have been If a people enlightened beyond many others by literature, proud of it of high character in the religious world. What shall we say of their freedom, and distinguished by a spirit of commercial enterprise, shoul descriptions of their opponents, of their opinions relative to their future

yet have many customs, laws, restrictions, and imposts, most unfavourable state, of the original ante-mundane cause of their destination, and of the Jio intellectual, civil and religious liberty, and the true interest of trade character of that God, whom these opinionists profess to love? What of land which co to disfranchise by far the majority of ananart of the country their acts against Toleration, of their forcing a dreadful power out of the land should the government continue such impositions, after the cleares Civil Magistrates' hands into their own? Of the faggots which they lexposure of them by wise and good men, and reiterated remonstrance have lighted up round the writhing limbs of their victims, and of their

against them:-In all such cases, must we not say, there would be nations exhibiting themselves as spectators of such shocking scenes? They or political insanity ? described these their opponents as insane; and what did their opponents If—but we must check our suppositions, and leave our readers to fill up think of them? What was all this but insanity? If you say this was the blanks. But there is still one small word of great, of monstrous import the insanity of the times, rather than of the ostensible actors, what will

which is War. you gain ? You will force the charge from individuals to the millions of If particular states have incurred vast expences, wasted their revenues mankind.

incurred large public debts, imposed oppressive taxes on the people The religious notions of different nations, whether true or false, it is

enfeebled the agriculture and commerce of the country; and all to acquiry clear have a powerful influence on their character and passions; and

a few acres of ground, or for some ignis fatuus of national glory, what the peculiarities are what form the mighty contrast : those of different

that glory but political or national insanity ? nations are so opposite to each other, and appear so strange, that we But, why limit the supposition to particulars ? if the whole globe-fo need not be surprised to find one charging the other with such estrange in what period of the world, in what clime, in what government, undet ments of reason, as border on insanity :

what religion, has not bloody, murderous war been an amusement, a habit Felices Gentes ! quibus hæc nascuntur in hortis

a profession ? Some have accounted for a practice so boundless, yet Numina.


monstrous, by referring to the doctrine of original sin ; others have been

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led to inquire into the origin of evil. But whatever the cause may be, if American Republics : and the ultra journalists even go so far as to the facts hinted at are true, do they not prove a general insanity ?' Alas! hint at a Continental Confederation against us on that account. This my brethren of MANKIND!

would prove a glorious finale to the deliverance of Europe ; but, in Omnibus in terris, quæ sunt a Gadibus usque

truth, Messieurs the Ultras are luxuriating in imagination upon very Auroram, et Gangem.


slender premises. No doubt their Majesties of Russia and Austria But your readers, Mr. Examiner, will perhaps say, that the preceding hints relate only to figurative or metaphorical insanity. They are, indeed,

are in high dudgeon at our policy; but as to going to war, that is but part of an essay; and if these humble thoughts are not utterly dis

quite another thing. With respect to Prussia, she has just appointed approved of, they may be followed by a few thoughts as humble, but

a Consul for Buenos Ayres, which appointment, timed as it is, looks perbaps more serious, on real, actual insanity.

like anything but a disposition to confederate against our acknow

ledgment of the new Governments. At the same time, our new levy FROM THE LONDON GAZETTES.

of troops, no less than 15,000, affords just so much countenance to the Tuesday, January 25.

French rumours, as to create a slight portion of doubt in regard to the BANKRUPTCIES SUPERSEDED.

terms on which we are with the Continent, although Ireland and India H. Biggs, Blandford Forum, Dorsetshire, mercer.

are generally deemed, whether right or wrong, the real causes of the G. Prodgers, E. Prodgers, and J. Prodgers, Ludlow, Shropshire, bankers. increase, always excepting the consequent addition of patronage, BANKRUPTS.

which is possibly the most direct reason of all. W. Long, Little St. Andrew's-street, Seven Dials, oil and colour-merceant. Solicitor, Mr. Smyth, Red Lion-square.

The Morning Chronicle informs us to-day, that “ his Majesty has been W. Aspinall, Sudetiffe Wood-Bottom, Yorkshire, stone-merchant. Soli

a little indisposed, in consequence of the lower part of the extremities citors, Messrs. Wiglesworth and Ridsdale, Gray's Inn-square.

being somewhat swollen, arising from the want of regular daily exercise.?! J. Fawcett and P. White, Miles's-lane, bottle-merchants. Solicitor,

There is no truth in this statement. His Majesty has had a rather severe Mr. Baker, Nicholas-lane, Lombard-street.

attack of gout in the elbow and wrist, which, it is feared, may prevent J. U. Moore, Venetian-house, City-road, blind-maker. Solicitors,

his opening the Session : but, except the pain which has been occasioned, Messrs. Shephard, and Co. Cloak-lane.

the attack is of no consequence whatever.-Courier---Saturday. J. H. Robinson and H. S. Robinson, Ridden-Court, Essex, hay-salesmen. | The steam ship Enterprise has been launched at Deptford for a voyage Solicitors, Messrs. Williams and Co. New-square, Lincoln's Inn.

to India, which the projectors expect it will reach in two months. It is Saturday, January 29.

intended for passengers only.

MR. Fox's BIRTH-DAY IN EDINBORGH.-The Scotch papers contain BANKRUPTS. J. Henderson, Shap, Westmoreland, corn-dealer. Solicitor, Mr. Addison,

on account of the commemoration of Mr. Fox's birth-day on Monday, Verulam-buildings.

by the Whigs of that part of the empire. The muster on the occasion J. T. Whitley, Edmonton, grocer. Solicitor, Mr. Phipps, Weavers’-hall,

seems to have been very considerable, and the persons who composed it Basinghall-street.

highly respectable. Mr. Jeffery, the eminent barrister and reviewer,

occupied the Chair, and was supported by the Duke of Hamilton and J. Ford, jun. Mortlake, Surrey, linen-draper. Solicitors, Messrs. Green and Ashurst, Sambrook-court, Basing ball-street.

Earl of Rosslyn. Mr. Jeffrey proposed “ The memory of Mr. Fox, as the

most eloquent asserter of English liberty, and the most amiable of great S. Garside, Martin-Scar, Yorkshire, cattle-jobber. Solicitors, Messrs.

men.” Mr. Moncrieff then gare, appropriately," Parliamentary Reform," Hurd and Johnson, Temple. P. P. H. Roberts, Holborn, cheesemonger. Solicitors, Messrs. Street and

dwelling particularly on the necessity of some reform in the represenCo. Philpot-lane, Fenchurch-street.

tation of Scotland. On the health of the Duke of Hamilton being drunk,

his Grace returned thanks. In the course of the evening, Lord A. HaT. Marshall, White Lion-court, Cornhill, merchant. Solicitor, Mr.

milton, and his exertions in Parliament to procure Burgh Reform, were Baddeley, Leman-street, Goodman's-fields. J. Wright, Charlotte-street, St. Pancras, cheesemonger. Solicitor, Mr.

alluded to, and duly commemorated by several speakers.

Mechanics' ISTITUTION.-We last week noticed the splendid donation Elkin, Broad-street, Golden-square.

of Sir Francis Burdert to this useful institution--we have now the M. Levoi, Cheltenham, picture-dealer. Solicitors, Messrs. Vizard and pleasure of announcing others equally liberal, considering the means of Blower, Lincoln's Inn-fields.

the donors—those of JEREMY BENTHAM and John CAM HOBHOUSE, Esqrs. W. Broadhead, Ashton-under-Line, Lancashire, and G. Broadhead,

and G. Broadhead, 1001. each; the Rev. G. Atwick, 501.; Dr. Gilchrist, 101.; H. BickerManchester, stone-masons. Solicitors, Messrs. Hurd and Johnson,

steth, Esq. 101. ; G. P. Greenough, 101. Most of these, including the Temple. J. Anderson, Edward-street, Portman-square, tea-dealer. Solicitor, Mr.

larger ones, are second subscriptions.-May the excellent example be Chester, Staple Inn.

extensively followed !

Provincial Bank Of IRELAND.—This important undertakingis at length J. Boswood, Silver-street, Falcon-square, victualler. Solicitor, Mr. formally announced by advertisement. The shares have all been filled up Searth, Lyon's Inn.

some time-indeed, bad the capital been six instead of two millions, the

applications would have covered the former amount, so decided is the The Funds.-Consols have felt the effect of the rumours of Continental opinion of monied men in favour of the Scotch system of Banking, upon hostility, and the unexplained increase of the army: a considerable which this Company is fonoded. The three new Banking Companies lately decline bas taken place and a great gloom prevails in the market. The announced in Scotland have been united into one-and very prudently, Mining, and other similar shares, also felt a decline during the week, but as there seems hardly room even for a single addition to the several seem to be slightly reeovering. The South American Securities are also prosperous banks already existing in Scotland. With the Irish undertugber. Continental Stock no longer seems to excite notice or speculation taking, the case is very different; there is a clear and extensive field for on the part of the monied public, except possibly the French Rentes. its operation—the county banks in Ireland have been dreadfully inseLatest quotations:

cure; and banking business is nothing compared to what it would be, SATURDAY.-Holiday at the Bank.

were security afforded and a good system introduced. This is perhaps Consols for Account 93%

the most valuable mode in which British capital can be applied to Irish FOREIGN SECURITIES.

improvement-partly because it will give activity and power to native Austrian 5 per cents. 963 | Mexican Bonds, 81

capital and industry. It is fortunate that this undertaking was fully Buenos Ayres Bonds, 91

Prussian 5 per Cents. 100
Culian 6 per Cents. 88
New ditto, 99!

secured by the support of real capitalists, before the present extraordinary Colorabian 6 per Cents. (1824) 903 Russian 5 per cents. 963

crowd of speculations came into the market: for there is a danger, that Greek Bonds 57

Spanish 5 per Cents. (1818) 214 the multitude of schemes (bad and good) would seriously injure, if not Peruvian Bonds, 83

Spanish ditto (1823) 15) Prench 5 per Cents.i03.

ruin, even a beneficial project, by absorbing the money of the unwary, Brazilian Scrip, 15 pm. French Scrip, 143 pm.

Ditto ditto (1925) 34 pm.

and distracting the attention of all parties.

BREAD.- We are sorry to observe that the proposed “ Metropolitan

Bread Company” has been abandoned. This was an undertaking that TO CORRESPONDENTS. Mr. S. near Atherstone, Warwickshire, is informed, that the only remedy for

would have been of the greatest benefit to the community, and if we are the shameful treatment he has received from his Newsvender, is to take away not egregiously mistaken, would have been attended with brilliant sucthe order from him, and give it to another. If Mr. S. does not know any other,

cess to those concerned in it;--yet it has failed for want of public supand will send the order to us, we will hand it to a Vender who will serve him

port, while all sorts of new bubbles prosper to an almost inconceivable punctually.

The above notice will also serve for Mr. C. of Pentonville.--These complaints extent, upon the mere strength of golden promises! are sadly numerous ; but our Subscribers will be convinced, on reflection, that One cannot but smile at the play-going people's high indignation at the only remedy is the plan we have pointed out above. It is quite out of our | Mr. KEAN, and their setting themselves up as teachers of a great moral power to do any good, as we have (except in rare instances no knowledge of

lessons !” This affectation is almost as bad as that of the Duke of WELo control over the offenders.

LINGTON. Some of our chaste Editors, too, are mightily shocked! and

Mother BANG, “ repentant and moral," declares that no “ virtuous THE EXAMINER.

woman" can bear to hear the name even of KEAN! Many of such reprovers most likely

“ Compound for sins they are inclin'd to, LONDON, Jan. 30, 1825.

“ By damping those they have no mind to."

There has been a great mortality in a short time amongst the THERE is no actual foreign intelligence of the least moment; but the monarchs on the Continent. Within one vear. France. Sardinia. Tus.

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