Imagens das páginas

No. 926. MONDAY, NOV. 7, 1825.


If 333,3331, 68. 8d. be sufficient for the yearly maintenance of the clergy of a million of Protestants, and the clergy of Ireland receive

3,000,000l. per annum, how much are they over-paid ?
Party is the madness of many for the gain of a few.-Pope.'

Answ. 2,666,6661. 138. 4d.

Having proceeded thus far, and demonstrated to the pupil what

la plentiful crop of bishops and parsons, his country can boast of, The education of the Irish being now fully determined upon, it i

"direct him to kneel and make an act of thanksgiving. Should the becomes the duty of all those who have had any experience in the

ignorance of youth or any other cause make him evince any reluctance, various systers of tuition, to communicate what they conceive to be

do not force him, but pass on to another series of sums. After working the best one for imparting knowlege to that hitherto-neglected, and those, he will sing or recite an act of thanksgiving voluntarily... ļ at all times very ignorant people.

- Reckoning the population of England at 12 millions, and that of Mr PLUNKETT, the Irish Attorney-General-(in 1816 we think it

| Ireland at 6 millions, how many ships should Ireland build in a year, was)--sneered at the present Home Secretary for proposing to educate if England

if England build 625 ships ?--Answ. 338 ships. the Irish: « Yes,” said he, “ teach them to read-to read what?

If Ireland built but 35 ships in 1824, instead of 338 ships which Laws enacted for their degradation; teach them to calculate-to

she ought to have built, how many ships was she short of her due calculate what? Property not their own." · Such was the language of

proportion ?- Answ. 303 ships. Mr PLUNIETT in 1816. However, though his own system is pre

If 12 millions of Englishmen have added for the last 20 years at cisely as well calculated for covering the back or filling the stomach as

as the rate of 25,361 houses a year to their buildings, how many ought ibe one be then ridiculed, yet does he see the importance of Edu

W 64 millions of Irishmen to have added ?-Answ. 13,737 houses. cation. If he has not been the actual parent of the Education Com

'If Ireland built in 1821 but 1,350 houses, how many houses was

musy mission, he has most assuredly countenanced and befriended it; such

ided it; such

she short of he

she short of her due proportion ?--Answ. 12,387 houses. conduct was befitting his highly intelligent mind.

If the tonnage of the British and foreign shipping that entered ' Though the Irish have had the misfortune to differ on almost every the ports of England in 1824 amounted to 2,157,235, what ought the other subject, we do not remember to have ever seen them in Court

| tonnage that entered the Irish ports during the same year to amount Jit gating the propres of learning figures. Ciphering, indeed, has tol_Answ. 1.168.502 tons.

favourite study with them. A thousand times have we seen | If the tonnage of all the shipping that entered the ports of Ireland them build Cæsar's Bridge on the knee of a leather breeches; but in

in 1824 amounted to 156,336, and no more, in how many tons was tens of thousands of times have we seen them work “ the Rule of Irel

Ireland short of her due proportion ?-Answ. 1,012,115. Three on the back of the bellows." There is no fear then that they will

will If England shipped 57,297,904 of exports in 1824, what amount not learn any system of arithmetic that may be proposed to them, or of

of exports ought Ireland to have shipped during the same period ? attempt to work any sums which may come in their way. This matter An

Answ. 31,036,3641, 13s. 4d. being set at rest, we have to express our regret that, in the books of

| If Ireland shipped in 1824 but 6,309,8491. of exports, and no more,

firela arithmetic hitherto used in Ireland, the denominations of numbers, to

1S; to what amount was she short of her due proportion ? or the terms, should not have been more familiar--that in fact the

the Answ. 24,726,5151, 6s. 8d. mind of the pupil should have becn diverted from the working of any After this manner do we think arithmetic should be taught to the particular role by the names of the various quantities. Thus, what rising generation in Ireland. The theory will not fail to become clear, does an Irish boy know about barilla or isinglass, or madder? As

when the demonstrations are thus just and satisfactory. One illusmuch as he does of shoes, stockings, a clean shirt, or a good dinner. tra

tration more :-see what a gain the Irish youth must be conscious of We think that great injury has been done to the poor scholars of Ireland

and in the working of the following sum! by Elias Voster, SWEENEY, DEIGUAN, and other Irish arithme-1

| . If an annual pension of 200,0001. to the Catholic Clergy of Ireland ticians, filling their books with such strange and far-fetched

be a fair set off against the 2,666,6671. the yearly over-payment to the .. To prevent then this evil in future, and to render the diffusion of Per

of | Protestant Clergy, what would be an equally fair equivalent to an learning as beneficial as possible in Ireland, we would suggest that a Irich Atores

that a Irish Attorney-General's 10,000l. a year? - Answ. 7491. 19s. New Arithmetic might be drawn up for the projected free schools, and

It cannot be doubted, that the gratification which the pupil mast that none but familiar terms be introduced into it: such for instance for

feel in the bare idea of having an Attorney-General op such moderate as “ potatoes, parsons, bishops, bales of old clothes, bayonets, bibles,

terms, would give a mighty impetus to his arithmetical progress. policemen, proctors, tythes, triangles.” We might also occasionally introduce “ships, houses, exports, imports, traders, merchants, manu

FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE. facturers;" for though the Irish know very little about such matters at

TO THE EDITOR OF THE EXAMINER. present, it is to be understood that they may soon cultivate a taste for

SIR,In reply to the inquiry of your Correspondent A. S. as to the them.

facts under which the decision was made, to which I alluded at the conWe shall here present a specimen of that improved system which clusion of my former letter, I beg to forward you the following brief we would recommend. Let the matter and manner of tuition be report of the case, which is that of Tarleton v. Staciforth and others diligently noted:

(Trustees of the Liverpool Fire Office) --5 Term Reports, 695. pccording If 26 bishops be sufficient for nine millions of Protestants in to the policy, which was from half year to half year, the assured was England and Wales, how many bishops ought to be sufficient for half bound to pay the premium balf yearly, “ as long as the Office should a million of Protestants in Ireland ? - Answ. 14 bishops.

agree to accept the same," within 15 days after the expiration of the Mil. of Prot.


Mil. of Prot.

former half year, and it was also stipulated “ that no insurance should If


take place till the premium was actually paid." The fire happened withir
15 days after the end of one half year, but before the premium for the
next was paid; and the Court held, that the office was not liable, thougva

the assured tendered the premium before the end of the 15 days, but after the Answ. 1. Bishops

loss, when the Office refused to accept it. If 14 bishops be sufficient for a million of Protestants, and Lord Kenyon, in giving the reasons for his opinion, expressed himself Ireland have 22 bishops, how many bishops has Ireland over her thus :-" Here, after the policy had hud its effect, and before the expinumber?-Answ. 205 bishops.. .

ration of the 15 days, during which time the assured might have proposed

to continue the policy, and to which proposal the trastees might or might If 6120 parsous be sufficient for 9 millions of English Protestants,

not have acceded, the loss happened. 'Barely stating these facts is sufe. dow many ought to be sufficient for a million of Irish Protestants ! ficient to show, that the plaintiffs are not entitled to recover. They insist Ansio. 340 parsons.

that though the time of insurance was expired, and though no new insurance If 3409 parsons be sufficient for 1 a million of Protestants, and had been made, they are protected by the policy by reason of the intuigence reland have 1,289 parsons, how many parsons has. Ireland over her for 15 days : but that argument cannot be supported; the ullowance of the aumber? - Answ. 949 parsons.

| 15 days was merely given for the purpose of saving the expence of a new If 6,000,0001, a year be sufficient for the maintenance of the clergy policy and a new stamp.” To which Mr Justice Ashurst added, that f 9 millions of Protestants in England, how much ought to be suffi

were it not for the allowance of the 15 days, a new policy on new

stamps must be made every half year ; but to guard against any incon. ient for the maintenance of the clergy of a million of Protestants in

"venience arising from the negligence of the assured, a period of 15 days reland ?- Answ. 333,3336, 6s. 8d.

T is allowed to them, provided the premium be tendered by them and ac-,



cepted by the trustees. But the assured are at their own risk during this Boards and Committees, as it is notorious that bodies of men will ofta inierval ; for if any accident happen before the premium is actually paid, do what any individual of them would blush at and shrink from ; witte they stand uninsured.And another of the Judges (Grose) considered the conduci, in many cases, of the Directors of the Bank of England, en the clause, that the premium should be paid " as long as the managers of the East India Company, of the Court of Aldermen, and even of the agreed to accept the same," within 15 days after the day limited, as in- dignified and immaculate bodies the Houses of Parliameot. troduced for the purpose of guarding against the very case of the loss But, in spite of the brevity that. I promised, I cannot conclude without happening in the interval, between the expiration of the former agree- | adverting to the case of your Correspondent W. C. which is to me * ment and the removal, and of preventing the office from being liable | incomprehensible, and appears primâ facie to furnish an instance of bo during that time.

most disgraceful imposition ever practised upon an individual, though be This decision excited considerable alarm, and the Sun Fire Office, mildly describes it as little short of an imposition, and savouring some within a week afterwards, published an advertisement, announcing that of hardship, if not of oppression. Unless W. C.'s property is placed 19 all persons insured in that office for one year or longer were, and alloys situation of such peculiar danger as to render it uninsurable except by had been, considered by the managers as insured for 15 days beyond the special agreement, the highest premium, namely, that for doubly expiration of their policies, It is evident from this advertisement, that the hazardous Insurances, is only 5s. per cent. What then can justily Sun Fire Office pút a different construction on their policies from that demand of more ibay double that amount? For its own character's which the Court of King's Bench had decided to be the legal one ; for sake, the Sun Fire Office ought to answer this inquiry; and all the ofices the latter contained the same phrases as those of the Liverpool Fire Office ought to revise and rectify their conditions of Insurance, iostead of in the above case. But notwithstanding this advertisement so published leaving the public open to the insecurity which arises from their preselil to quiet the public alarm, mark the conduct of the office when a fire hapo objectionable terms. That the Globe Office might have the opportunity pened during the 15 days. An insurance was effected in the year 1802, of answering my former letter, if the complaints in it were not wes from the 11th Nov. in that year, to Christmas 1803. In Nov. 1803, the founded, I wrote to Mr Denham, their Secretary, referring him to the office gave the assured notice, that unless 38s. per cent. premium was remarks which I had made in your paper. Time will shew whether paid instead of 21s. as before, the insurance would not be continued. they will have the candour either to answer them, or admit their trus The assured refused to comply with this demand for so enormous an and abate the evil. If not, the public will have additional reason no e increase of the premium, and within the 15 days after the firstpolicy had place too much reliance on corporate liberality.--Yours respectfully, expired, the premises insured were consumed by fire. The next day | Nov. 2, 1825.

R. J. E. the assured gave notice to the office, and tendered the increased premium

TO THE EDITOR OF THE EXAMINER. of 38s. per cent. but the office declared that they did not consider the suf- SIR,—Having read the judicious observations of your Correspondent is ferers as insured at the time when the fire happened, though, by the above the Eraminer of Sunday week, by which the attention of the publică cited advertisement, they had announced to the public, that persons very properly called to the common but very dangerous condition en insured for a year or more were considered as insured for 15 days beyond which insurances are effected, viz, that which requires the certificate e the expiration of their policies. An action was brought against the office, the Minister and Churchwardens, I am induced to mention that thr and a verdict given for 3001. ; but the Court of King's Bench after. Alliance Company, in which I iosure, reserves only the right to requere wards held, that the office was not liable, notwithstanding the usual the attestation of some persons resident in the parish, or in the neighbor. indulgence of 15 days, and the special declaration in this case by the hood of the sufferer, which is no more than is obviously necessary ie office advertisement after the decision in Tarleton v. Staniforth, and the protection against fraud, and for lessening the inducement to the dresdia verdict was therefore set aside, and a nonsuit ordered to be entered. See crime of arson, while it is in the power of every one possessed ol 50% Salvin v. James, 6 East's Reports, 571. .

character or credit. The principle on which the Court decided this case was, that the in-| I perfectly concur in the remark relative to the fifteen days allowance dulgence of the 15 days was intended for those only who meant to renew for payment, and have never yet seen the prospectus of any Company their insurances, and ihat as the plaintiffs had refused to comply with the which that condition is expressed with sufficient perspicuity. It appear terms proposed by the office, they were not entitled to the benefit of the to me, however, that your Correspondent of yesterday must be mistakes extended time. This, however, was surely not the plain meaning of the in supposing that any office will interpret (except perhaps under peculiar terms used in the advertisement, wbich expressly and unconditionally circumstances) that condition in the way lie, as well as many others, declared, that insurances for a year or more were considered as insurances supposes, but which a moment's reflection on its effect will demonstrak for 15 days beyond the specified time. During that time the insured to be linpracticable. inight first resuse and afterwards accede to a proposal for an advance of While on this subject, I cannot help expressing my confidence, that in premium, or they might intend to insure in another office (which, after a respect to public opinion, the Legislature will not suffer another Session demand of almost double the former premium, was not unlikely), and to pass without removing that enormously disproportionate and mischio relying on the declaration in the advertisement, that they were con vous impost, the duty on premiums, which is a direct tax on the prtsidered as insured for 15 days beyond the expiration of their policies, dence of the community; and by so doing (while the policy duty would might justly think themselves safe in deferring their new insurance till be increased tenfold) leave the poorest individual without excuse få the 15 days were nearly out; and if in either case they are not to be in-exposing the dependence

exposing the dependence of his family and the property of his creditors demnified if a fire happen, the words of the advertisement are worse than to the risk of destruction, which no prudence of his own caz asert.nugatory, because they tend to lull the insured into a dangerous security, I am, Şir, your obedient servant,"

I.P. as they appear to have actually done in the preceding case, in which the Oct. 31, 1825... declaration of the office in the advertisement, and their declaration after the

TO THE EDITOR OF THE EXAMINER. fire, are as directly in opposition to each other as possible: in the former, SIR,-Permit me to return my grateful thanks to your Correspondent they declare generally, what by the latter they specifically retract, and of Sunday week, for his letter on the conditions contained in the Fire that too after the occurrence of a calamity, which in all probability the Office Policies of Insurance. Until then I had (as many thousands beformer was the means of rendering irremediable.

sides, I dare say, had) considered those conditious merely requisite to If, then, as A. S. states, it is generally considered that the additional protect the office from fraud; but what was my surprise, upon reference Oumber of days allowed by Insurance Offices, is at the risk of the office, ihereto, to find myself not in fact insured with the office, but insured with and oot of the insured, it cannot be too generally known, that, in point of the Parson of the Parish ; for what else does it amount to? My house » law, this is not universally, if ever the case; and whether it be or not, burnt down-I apply for payment the answer is, • Produce your eerub. must often depend on a legal question of equal nicety, which can only cate from the Parson.” What, a certificate from a man perhaps when! be decided when the mischief has taken place, and is without remedy. have reason to loathe, or (as is my case) from a person I never saw! How Of course, the above authorities merely show that the office is not liable then could I, who have never praised the dogmas of a priest, or approved during the 15 days, when the policies are the same, either in terms or of his consigning to hell thousands of his fellow-creatures, -bow, I ask, substance, as those which have come before the Court; but as that is the could I obļain a certificate as required? Besides, suppose the Parson of case with many offices, if not all, and as none of their terms are so clear my parish to be a pure and conscientious man, bow is he to certify as to as to be free from doubt, the only safe plan is to pursue i he course which my loss or character: "All that he could say would be, that he knos I before recommended, of paying the premiums on or before the last day nothing about the matter. In fact, the thing is the very height of eitbee of the year. Those who do so are sure to be right; those who do not fraud or absurdity. I therefore, Sir, in conjunction with nine others, ali are very likely to be wrong.

insured in the Union, have coine to a resolution to have this obnoxios I should have furnished some of the foregoing details in my former condition struck out of our respective policies at Christmas Qext, or to letter, but that I was unwilling to trespass inore than I then did on your effect fresh insurances in some other office.--I am, Sir, your obdt. servani, valuable columns. For the same reason I now forbear from making some Clerkenwell, Nov, 1, 1825.

T. H. further remarks which I have to offer; but the main point of utility is gained, by exciting the public attention to the subject. With regard to ERRATOM.-The letter which appeared in the last Sunday's Examiner the answer given to A. S. at the Guardian Office, as to a Life Policy, it respecting the Sun Fire Office was not altogether correct, as the Duke of may be true that losses have been there paid under the circumstances in Bedford's name does not appear in the list of Directors to that ofice. question ; but without meaning to insinuate anything against that office

W. C. in particular, submit that a verbal answer furnishes but a slender basis of reliance, when we see how liule could be safely placed on the formal

SPEČIAL JURIES. advertisement issued by the Sun Office, and avowed by them as their |

TO THE EDITOR OF THE EXAMINER. own in the very suits in which they gainsaid its operation. Besides, See, Sir, one of the atrocious abuses of which the present system c between Fire and Life Insurance there is a difference in principle as well Special Juries is capable. 'Mr Grimstead, 'formerly a Magistrate for the au in the terms of the policies, into which I need not now enter. My county of Surrey, and at that time a man of great opulence, was indeed advioe is to be punctual in both cases, and not to rely on the honour of a few years since to lend various sums of money to Messrs Howard and

Gibbs, amounting in the whole to nearly the sum of 35,0001. Howard The operatiyes of Glasgow having suffered under the undue pressure of and Gibbs became bankrupttheir Assignees opposed the proof of this the Combination Laws-through which no compromise could ever be

debt under the Commission, alleging that it was "tainted with usury," effected between them and their masters, nor could they collectively * The Chancellor directed Mr Grimstead to bring an action against the l adopt measures for their mutual benefit, cannot but approach with feels

Assignees, to try the truth of this allegation. The trial was accordingly Lings of the liveliest gratitude, a gentleman whom they considera prin had, and the Defendants had a verdict. The Chancellor then directed cipal instrument in destroying those records of 'legislative barbarity, a second trial of the same issue. During all this time, it is material to they have accordingly deputed us to present you with this memorial of observe, Mr Grimstead was, and he still is, in the Fleet Prison. This their esteem--and while amidst your parliamentary labours, should the second trial was to bave been entered on today-the Judge was ready at sycophants of party and power depreciate your efforts towards improve Nisi Prius-the Counsel on either side, and the witnesses--all were ment-may you turn with heartfelt satisfaction to the homble testimonial present, EXCEPT THE SPECIAL JURYMEN ; four only of them attended. of the unqualified respect, affection, and gratitude of thousands of virMr Scarlett, Counsel for the Plaintiff, of course objected to the trial of tuous and industrious workmen. . .

Jas, M'ASLAN. :-* t' the cause by a “common Jury;" suggesting that the Chancellor would

? Jas. BERRY. I # not be satisfied with the verdict, be it what it may, of a “common Jury.”

HY. DALGLEISH. ' * Thus, Şir, the cause “ went off." -- Mr G. was again 'remanded to the After which Mr Hume read the following reply:1 walls of the Fleet : all the expense (and it was very great) was useless, GENTLEMEN, -I am much obliged to the Operatives of Glasgow for I and the cause must now stand over for probably three or four months their good opinion. I am glad that crime is on the decrease, from what.'

longer, during all which time the unbappy plaintiff must remain incar- ever cause: and I am particularly glad tha ttranquillity exists in so great cerated !--for all this gross injustice, there is literally no remedy. A a degree in your large and important city. Special Jury of the City of London,-men revelling in the possession of To have the approbation of so many of my useful and respected counevery enjoyment,-cannot be gotten together on an occasion of such vast trymen, is to me most cheering, and amply repays 'any exertion and importance to the interest and liberty of a fellow man: twelve good and every sacrifice I may have made in discharging what I considered to be lawful men of this boastedly-humane metropolis cannot be procured to my public duties; but however painful to my personal feelings, I must give a few hours of their time to the decision of a case so interesting to decline receiving your splendid present, and all such tokens of esteem, every feeling mind! And this, 100, in an age which boasts its enlight. | under existing circumstances." It would, indeed, have been most pleasenment and its humanity, and in a city which prides itself on its virtue ing to me to have accepted them, but I feel that I ought not to do so at and its public spirit! One might rather suppose that this event had this time. So long as any class of operatives consider me exclusively as occurred in some city under the government of an “ Autocrat,” or in their advocate, while their employers or any of them look upon me as an some semi-barbarous state,—but no, London, sentimental 'London, is the enemy, it would be most improper for me, conscious' as I am of the scene, and her virtuous and patriotic citizens--so jealous of the liberty of strictest impartiality in every act, to accept tokens of esteem from the the subject-the actors." .

one in which the other did not concur. . . * 1. However, some good may, I hope, be extracted from this gross instance In instituting the inquiry, examining the evidence, and introducing of selfish injustice; the public atiention has been pretty often called, of the bill for the repeal of the Combination Laws, I did not consider mylate, to the subject of Special Juries, and I cannot but hope that, if the self as acting for either party in particolar, but for both. I fondly hoped system be not altogether done away, some most material alteration will that, by removing all the grounds of difference which had so long exissoon take place in it. These " Special" Jurors are paid for their ted between masters and their men, each would be benefited-ihat a attendance-che“ Common" Juror, the tradesman, whose time is his only good understanding would arise between them--that the interests of the wealth, he is not paid for his attendance: the Special” are liable to no one would be gradually and firmly interwoven with the interests of the fine for even a gross neglect of their duty like the one noticed above, other, and that monopolies would be deprived of their chief support, rethe “Common,” though paid nothing for attending, is fined heavily for 'strictions of their arbritary character, and combinations of their former non-attending. The * Special," 100,--because they are supposed to ferocity. I think so stil: and when that period arrives, which must arserve in the Special Jury causes--are exempt from all attendance as rive, if not retarded by other and more arbitrary enactments, then will I Common Jurors.-Thus highly is this class of rich men favoured; and gladly receive your present, and then will I congratulate you, that the thus do they perform their duty.

Yours respectfully,

friends of free labour may receive the honest tributes of the employed, Lincoln's Inn, Nov. Ist.

with the approbation of the employers.

That some interruptions of trade, and unhappy disturbances, were conTHE GLASGOW OPERATIVES AND MR HUME. sequent on the repeal of the Combination Laws, was to me a matter of On Thursday week the Associated Trades of Glasgow, by a Deputa

deep regret, but not altogether of disappointment. I certainly did caltion from iheir number, waited upon Mr Hume at the Waterloo Hotel,

culate much on the good sense of the operative classes of the United to present him with a magnificent and massive piece of plate, as a token

Kingdom, but it would have been madness to have supposed that so of iheir esteem for his character and of their gratitude for his services.

great a change could have been effected in so short a time without many -Mr M.Aslan read the following address :

misconceptions and some abuses. These, however, I was convinced,

could only last for a time, while the beneficial consequences of the re- . JOSEPH HUME, ESQ. M.P. SIR, The associated tradesmen of Glasgow, feelingly alive to the

peal would be permanent. Experience, I was certain,' would teach the many instances of your attachineot to the interests of the labouring poor,

operatives that laws could not affect wages, and that the prices of labour desire to testify their approbation of your political conduct, and their

would ever depend, not upon statutory enactment, but upon demand and gratitude for your unremitting assiduity in their behalf.

supply. This truth,; I am happy to find, is fast making its way, and They were fattered with the idea that you would have visited Glas

such of the operative classes as fell into the error of supposing that greater gow-ihat you would have in person examined into the causes of the

wages could necessarily follow greater freedom, are becoming convinced great outcry which has been sounded through every mercenary and

that this is not the case ; and that to combine against their masters, to hireling press in the kingdom, that you would have with your wonted

cramp their energies or destroy their profits, must in the end be fatal to diligence and accuracy, inquired into the origin of the disputes (if dis

both si putes threre be) between masters and workmen, and that you would have

It is a grievous error to imagine that either master or man, when mo been able to detect that'false and malignant spirit which has been so

derately and judiciously addressed, will not listen to the language of busy in fomenting jealousies and heartburnings among the various classes

conciliation. I have ever found the operative impressed with a desire to of our great commercial city.

act justly towards his master and fellow workmen, but when it has ap

peared otherwise, I am satisfied that it has arisen more from ignorance They regret you havé thus declined a personal visit, as, in spite of all the efforts of the unworthy, you would have been highly gratified to

of the real merits of the case, or from a sense of resistance to what was observe the cordiality that exists between the employer and the employ

considered unjustifiable domination. And I cannot persuade myself that: ed. Instead of civil warfare, or a reign of terror, which many base

the operative will ever adopt either coercion or intimidation towards his

master or fellow workman, preventiog that perfect freedom of labour, publications iosinuate distracts that great emporium of trade-00 period within the last six years has presented a stale of more profound trans the

and capital which the legislature intended, and which are so essential to quillity than what has been experienced since the repeal of the Combi-]

the prosperity of every kind of trade and manufacture, nation Laws-for the truth of this we appeal to the Magistracy and citi-l tatilinimidari

I must now tell the operatives, that their fate is in their own hands zens of Glasgow, and to the last circuit report, which proves to a de

that if intimidation or coercion of any description is encouraged aud pracmonstration å vast decrease in moral turpitude.

1 tised-if they will 'entertain erroneous and ill-timed views of raising'

The public conduct and private character of the working classes have, within these twelve

their wages by the means which the legislature has given them to resist months, experienced a change to the better, far beyond what the most

injustice and extortion when atteinpted against themselves, that then go : enthusiastic philanthropist could have aqticipated.

feeble efforts of mine can avert the renewal of the old restrictions; nay

more, such efforts I would cease to make, rather than by making them, To what causes'can this important change be attributed'? Surely not hold out to the world that I placed confidence where confidence was not to the general prosperity of the times.' Great and manifold sufferings | deserved. have been patiently endured by thousands this season, yet nothing has My motives have been much maligned, and my measures much mistranspired to create the smallest alarm in the existing authorities. By apprehended. To the wilful iraducers of the former, I say nothing ;'to every impartial person the causes will be traced to that memorable act those who oppose me for the latter, I can only declare, that if I have which emancipated from political thraldom in the use of their natural been wrong, I have been so in common with hundreds who have examinrights, the great mass of British subjects and gave a stimulus to the ed the evidence, traced the causes, and watched the progress of combipublic mind, by making the working classes feel their own importance, nations. Out of upwards of 60 masters examined before the select Com-' in exercising the privilege of disposing of their labour to the best advan- mittee of Parliament'in 1824, only three remained unconvinced of the

absolute necessity of repealing the old laws, and in the committee itselfy

consisting of 48 members, including Mess,s Huskisson, the Attorney. highly please persons' of 'native taste and humour in England ; an: General, and a majority of others attached to the ministry, not one dis. M. MAZURIER felt a little of the effect of this natural source of disa.. sentient voice was heard against the bill, after a most minute and labo-pointment. At least this is our opinion of the matter ; but scriba rious investigation of 36 days. To you, I have only to say, that my actions have been, and I trust to the friends of Legitimacy, or the legitimate drama.

equally sagacious attribute some of the slight disapprobation expressed ever will be, what “conscience dictates to be done,” and no more. 1

If such be the have peace of mind from a conviction that I have honestly done 'my duty

case, we shall hear of it in the Bull of this day; the moral Theodore wil without favour or affection to any party, and I sincerely hope that the

| bluster, and pronounce the introduction radical, ungentlemanly, and measures I have supported will be ultimately and as permanently useful

| -as tending to supersede wooden heads-like the London Univeas my motives for bringing them forward were truly and sincerely well sity, pregnant with all sorts of evil to Church and State. Allowing meant to all.

for such extremes of opposition, M. MAZURIER's reception was not Though I decline your magnificent present, I accept with great plea amiss; and certainly, for pliability of person, we never saw anything sure your kind and sensible address. I shall be ever happy to hear from equal to him,--sometimes appearing all joints, and at others, as if be you, or any of my countrymen, whether masters or workmen, and will had not a bone in his body. We cannot compliment the mode of his most readily and respectfully listen to their suggestions and their wishes. introduction, which is that of the ballet of a peasants wedding, in I have only now to observe, that notwithstanding the diffusion of sound

which wife, busband, father, and company, are all alarmed at the principles, and the great progress that has been made, and is making, to clear away existing prejudices, a hard balile is yet to be fought

grotesque appearance and pranks of Policinello, who is shipwrecked against ignorance and selfishness; and as a humble combatant in ihe

on the coast. It was flat, because the hero's humour was all mere field, I call upon you, the operatives, to assist me; which you can do personal exhibition, and unaided by the story. We are told that the most triumphantly by the moderation of your measures, and the justice powers of this vermicular personage are to be more fully developed and propriety of your conduct.

in the Christmas Pantomime, when everything, however odd, is as Allow me again to thank you most heartily and affectionately. legitimate as the act of sliding off a greased plank to please the Duchess Edinburgh, Waterloo Hotel, Oct. 27, 1825. Joseph HUME.

of BERRY. In the meantime, maugre a few malcontents, M. MA

ZURIER draws good houses, which we doubt not that the proprietors LINES DEDICATED TO SIGNOR VELLUTI.

will deem the most sensible part of the matter. Yes! I have heard the voice of melody,

DRURY LANE, And music's dearest tones have linger'd by;

On Wednesday evening, we repaired to this house to witness the , .. Yet never, never in my sunniest hours,

revival of VANBURGH's Confederacy, a comedy which is possibly more In pleasure's festive halls and radiant bowers, While sweetest harmony was breathing near,

witty and attractive than it ought to be. It was well played throughCame wafted sounds so beautiful, so dear,

out, and in some parts, even admirably. The Flippanta of Mrs. As when thy voice first slept upon mine ear,

Davison, for instance, is the very perfection of an artfal and intrigeIn grandeur swelling like the torrent stream,

ing waiting woman. Such is the construction of this comedy, that Then still and peaceful as an infant's dream,

the whole Dramatis Persona, from first to last, are, as the vulgars say, Or th’hallow'd calmness that comes stealing on

“no better than they ought to be ;" and the prominency of the draWhen winds are dying and when storms are gone.

matic importance of the servants excites little offence at the compaI've listen'd to the strains of other days,

rative insignificance of some of the masters and mistresses. The Have felt their sweetness,--yet, like meteor rays

manner in which Mrs DAVISON extracted money from one of the On th' passing wave that dances on the shore,

miserly gallants, was rich and finished in the extreme'; and HARLEY, They live and then are thought upon no more. But oh! thy lonjes when they have floated by

in the correspondent character of the valet Brass, was almost equally Still vibrate on the chords of memory;

happy; we have seen the part indeed performed differently, but cerStill on the raptured fancy fondly stray,

tainly never more divertingly. The spirited, half-educated hoyden, As smiles the west when daylight dies away.

Corrinna, fell to the lot of Miss KELLY, who, as usual, gare it a The song by others breath'd may charm in part,

reading entirely her own, and delighted the audience with a great ~ ?Tis thioe alone to lioger round the heart;

variety of those small apparently impulsive freaks, which gire such And wbile we listen to each dulcet sound

life and originality to her comic performance. The Moneytrop of That floats like fairy minstrelsy around,

DowTON was good, verging, however, into caricature, and as Oh! let the heart each bitter thought disclaim,

usual somewhat too unctious in its amorous dotage, but irresistably Let charity forbear unkindly blame, And curb resentment where compassion's due,

laughable. The Gripe of WILLIAMS was also very fair, and we An act of mercy and of justice too.

suspect that this performer would be greater if he exerted himself META.

less; the most obvious defect in his acting being an appearance of effort and anxiety to over-finish. The two wives were represented

by Mrs Yates and Miss I. Paton, and that very pleasantly. The THEATRICAL EXAMINER.

former, who takes the most conspicuous of these fine ladies, conveyed

the heartless nonchalance of the character with considerable skill. A COVENT GARDEN.

pestilence on large sized theatres, which frequently render the most On Monday evening, M. MAZURIER, the celebrated Italian posture musical and natural feminine articulation inaudible! With some master from Paris, made bis first appearance at this theatre, in a new thing more of power to encounter this enormous difficulty, Mrs bället got up for the purpose, entitled, The Shipwreck of Policinello. | Yeates would rapidly ripen into a very inspiring actress. Her The Italian origin of Punch, or Punchinello, is well known to the maniere d'etre as Lady Morgan would say, is peculiarly easy and ele learned; but so completely has that facetious personage been natu- gant, and her brief laugh delightful. We have only further to remark, ralized in this country, and so nationally characteristic are some of that Penley's Dick Amlet lacked bronze he did not look half enough the qualities bestowed upon him, that he may be regarded as English a rogue,--and that the Mrs Amlet of Mrs HARLOWE was only somefrom the crown of his head to the sole of his foot. His very name is what too lame. The Boxes on this occasion were most respectably abbreviated into the purest English, and-Apollo pardon the pun- filled; and if we may judge from more genuine indications than mere conveys a genuine notion of truly British composition. The great vociferation, this comedy, as at present cast, may be repeated from merit' of M. MAZURter is the faculty which heaven has bestowed time to time during the season, with profit to the management. The upon him, of twisting his limbs with precisely the same facility as his Wedding Present followed; the music of which, of Horne's seleci wooden brother of England. “Why all this piece of work ?” ex- tion, is very pleasing. The story is but middling, but, aided by the claimed honest OLIVER GOLDSMITH, bursting with envy at the naïveté of Miss KELLY, as a young country bride, and by the whim applauses bestowed upon the tumbling feats of one Master Tommy, sicality of HARLEY, as her petulant and jealous husband, it was any a puppet of the Fantoccini, “I can do it as well myself.” As far as thing but dull, and passed off very Q. limb-work and personal twistification are concerned, M. MAZURIER may use the same exclamation in regard to his ligneous competitor;

TO THE EDITOR OF THE EXAMINER. but alas, in the exhibition of certain attractions which peculiarly de- SIR-A Clerk in the India House, well known about theatres, light us as a thinking people, the latter defies competition from flesb makes it a nightly practice to attend Covent Garden Theatre, to exand blood. We allude to the payment and receipt of sundry rattling press his disapprobation of the performances there, whatever they taps of the pate and knock-down blows, which, in common with the may be.

leading journal of Europe,' we hold to form a chief cause of the He may now be nightly seen to enter the dress circle, and to remain exquisite delight afforded to gaping amateurs by the Punch of native only during the performance of M. MAZURIER. growth. All this was necessarily wanting in M. MAZURIER, whose It is reported by some, that his name having been taken from the regard for his caput would not allow of its employment, in emulation Free List of the Theatre is the cause of his hostility; and by others, of a salt-box, on the tuneful application of a rolling-pin. Now a that his resemblance to Polichinel has excited his indignation. Punch without “ thumps that sound and blows that clatter,"cannot









Inner na


Minister, if a more refined taste and liberal feeling had not interposed to .. : FINE ARTS.

prevent its effects.

Anxious to preserve in its entirety the Collection which he also ) NATIONAL GALLERY-WORKS OF THE LATE PRESIDENT. I had formed, Mr John Hunter (brother to the genrleman just spoken of)ori

directed in his will that an offer should be made of his museum, at a .. TO THE EDITOR OF THE EXAMINER.

moderate price, to this Government, and if rejected by them, then, suc. 'I SIR - In the letter which I recently addressed to you, I stated my

cessively, to the other States of Europe. It will scarcely be believed," : intention to make some further observations on the paragraph which I that a period of seven years, viz. from 1793 to 1800, was spent in negoti-is

then animadverted on, purporting that overtures had been made by two lating with the Minister of that day the purcbase of this prodigy of talent, % of the North American States for the purchase of the pictures in Mr

which was at length bought, not for its real worth, since it exceeded, all! West's Gallery in Newman street,

price, but for about half the sum it was known actually to have cost that s go in the absence of all direct knowledge on the subject, it were too distinguished Naturalista del much for me to deny the correctness of the report. Pennsylvania has been London is at this time in possession of two Collections, so extraordimit taught the value of Mr West's works by the very profitable exhibition of

nary in point both of extent and excellence, as to defy all 'competition. ? a single picture (Christ healing the Sick), and the gentleman who, at the Extremely dissimilar in their nature, they are vet alike in various parti--! sale of the Shakspeare Gallery, possessed himself of the Lear in the culars, both originated, and were brought to their present state, in this Storm, and Laertes and Ophelia, had ample cause, it was understood, to

metropolis; each was exclusively the work of an individual, who devoted congratulate himself on the purchase, in the eagerness of the inhabitants the orincipal part of a protracted and virtuous life to the execution of

on of those paintings, vast designs, which, through the blessing of Divine Providence, he lived. and in the correspondent receipts which so amply rewarded his taste or

long enough in a very considerable degree to effectuate, though not to ? his sagacity. “I repeat, however, my fervent hope, that the proposal will

complete. With a lofty contempt for the amassing of wealth, each » be frustrated by the obtainment of the entire collection for at other and a laboured incessantly to extend the boundaries of his art in a department higher distinction, viz. their collection in a National Gallery worthy of

which in England' had been little cultivated ; and at his decease each this kingdom and of the Arts, which, in my mind, essential to the main of these distinguished men left to his unprotected family little beyond the tenance of its rank amongst nations, are now making rapid strides productions of his genius and his industry, though he acquired for : towards perfection,

himself an enviable reputation, and, for his country, imperishable.. I shall now offer some additional reasons why the pictures of the late |

renown. 1. President of the Royal Academy ought not to be lost to the metropolis. What medical practitioner, nay, what student, enters the walls of the

Many instances might be adduced in which the parsimony of our College of Surgeons, and surveys the stupendous' monument reared by rulers, or the unacquaintance with the real value of such possessions, has JOAN HUNTER to the well-being of mankind and the eternal honour of

caused the rejection of offers with which it had been advantageous and his profession, without doing homage to the memory and even to the ¡ honourable both to the country and themselves to close. Of several bust of its distinguished author, whose anatomical ana physiological in- :* , which press forward on my recollection, I select two or three, which, Ivestigations,- from the lofty gireffe and the unwieldly hippopotamus to 'n | trust, will be sufficiently striking.

the delicate marmot and the mus parvus, from the ostrich to the Some fifty years ago, the collection of pictures by the older Masters

humming.bird, from the all-devouring shark to the harmless shrimp, 1 commonly known by the name of the “ Houghton Gallery,” was sold by and from the Leviathan of the deep" to the insect that burrows in its the Walpole family, to whom belonged the merit of acquiring it, for the skin, are above, and.before, and around him, in methodized and original sum of 40,0001. to ihe Empress Catherine of Russia, as splendid examples arrangement on every side ? And who, after contemplating this extrato the Academy of Arts which, to her great honour, she was then project-ordinary spectacle, can refrain from asking, “ Is it possible for one man, ing; I am not old enough to remember the transaction, but I have many though he spent his days in the interesting yet painful inquiry, and bis : times heard it regretted, both by amateurs and artists, especially by those almost sleepless nights in profound research, thus to have penetrated the 's who combined patriotic with tasteful feelings, that the Government of inmost recesses of the human and animal frame, and, not content with that day did not prevent the exportation by purchasing, for national the mere exposition of its wonderful and ever-varying form from the objects, the entire collection.*

giant to the pigmy, to have wrung as it were from reluctant Nature, About the same time a most liberal offer was made by Dr Wm. Hun- her choicest secrets and most secluded reservations: In the vegetablet ter to the Ministers of the day, to present to the country bis then unri- world, too, the same scrutioizing hand, have pursued Nature through ber valled museum of anatomical preparations, casts, books, prints, coins, more mysterious processes of growth and re-production, and from the 3 minerals, &c. (valued at nearly one hundred thousand pounds), on the simplest eaf or fibre to the perfect flower, have traced her wondrous yet i simple condition that a piece of ground, I believe out of ihe Crown lands, noiseless steps? And who ihat knows the patient study required in such: should be given him, on which to erect, at his own expense, an appropri- pursuits, and the coyness with which Nature reveals her hidden charms, : ate building for its reception; and he offered besides, gratuitously, to

when he looks round him and sees how much has been accomplished, perform the duties of Professor of Anatomy during his life, and at his can retire from this temple of anatomical science without the conviction, decease, to leave an endowment for that office in perpetuity. ? that such a man was deserving of all the honours which a grateful nation,

This disinterested proposal having been rejecied, the museum, some elevated through him in the estimation of the civilized world, could years after his death, was by bis will transferred to the University of

he University of possibly bestow, and without feeling gratified that the labour of his head Glasgow. In a city so populous, and so replete with science and intelli

and hands remains for ever amongst us, to the honour of its illustrious gence as Glasgow, the museum could not fail to be considered as a most Founder, the glory of this country, and the benefit of all mankind? valuable acquisition, and therefore, though lost to this metropolis, it is

What artist or what amateurever visited the Gallery of the late venerable.. still open for the gratification and improvement of a large portion of the

| President of the Royal Academy without admiration at the number, y&- . British public; but who does not perceive that its retention in these realms, merely to save a few thousand pounds, was put in great jeopardy, |

riety, and excellence of the pictures that eyerywhere arrest his attention, :

:| from the simplest to the sublimest scenes on record, and without inquiring since Dr Hunier, vexed at the narrow-mindedness of those to whom he

| " whether it be true that all these vivid representations of human feelings, had so honourably appealed, might on their refusal of his noble offer,

and actions should have been the creation of one unassisted individual? have directed it to be sent to the Academy of St Petersburgh or Vienna, to Paris or Pekin-any of which would have been proud of its presence,

If one mind really gave birth to these varied conceptions, and one hand,

thus strikingly delineated with appropriate costume and colour, and with though an acre of ground, and a structure worthy of the treasure, had

the charm of landscape, ever in strici harmony with the subject, all that been the stipulated condition of its transfer.

is delightful or dignified in the conduct of man, as detailed in his eventSoon after the commencement of the French Revolution, the magnifi

ful history, and all that is impressive and awful as it regards his destiny, cent gallery of the Duke of Orleans, containing many of the choicest in anor

hoicest in another and a brighier world?” And as he looks up to the admirable, specimens of historic and poetic painting, were offered to this Govern

portrait of the Author of this vast and varied assemblage, whose benign ment for the sum of 30,0001. This proposition was unhesitatingly

and thoughtful countenance conveys an idea that the GENIUS Lock is rejected by Mr Pitt, then Chancellor of the Exchequer, and that unri.

still present before our eyes, will not the gratified visitor exclaim, as I valled collection had probably been lost to the country, had it not been

bave often done, Never may this metropolis, so abounding in intellect preserved by the spirit of three English noblemen, who, after selecting

and moral virtue, so conversant with all the charities of life, yet so proli-, several of the finest productions of the pencil, are understood to have dis

fic of weakness, vice and crime, be destined to lose these impressive posed of the remainder for more than the price of the whole. They who

delineations of the power and wisdom of the Deity, and of the afflicting have visited the collection of the late Lord Carlisle, and the more exten

consequences of man's disobedience to his beneficent Creator. Never sive gallery of the Marquis of Stafford, will perceive in the noble works

may London, increased and still-increasing Londonthat once belonged to the Orleans Collection, how deeply the lovers of that delightful art would have had cause to regret the decision of the

“ Not Babylon of old, more fam'd than she,"

witness such a profanation as the departure of these pictured incentives * Lest I should seem guilty of inconsistency (for my regret was cer to glorious actions and heroic deeds; these awful fulfilments of the dem tainly mingled with theirs), it may be proper for me here to observe, nonciations and prophecies of the Old Testa nent, and these delightful that, at the time alluded to, Great Britain was by no means so rich in old assurances of a glorious resurrection continually held forth and trium- : pictures as at present-the Calonne and Orleans Collections had not then phantly confirmed by Christ and his Apostles in the New. been imported, nor had vessels been regularly freighted, from all parts Had the museum of John Hunter, compared with whose labours I look of the Continent, with inexhaustible sources of wealth to pretended con- upon those of Cuvier himself as far inferior, though I bow to his indusnoisseurs and picture-dealers, whose very avocation too often depends on try and reverence his attainments, been finally rejected by the hesitatdecrying the works of contemporary Artists and the productions of living ing Minister, and had it become the property of some wiser or more gesius.

liberal Statę, who does not feel that an opportunity had been lost, which!

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