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lence, during which thirteen men of war drove from their interest of the old ones; for it is pretty well ascertained that anchorage in the Downs, ran upon the fatal Goodwins, and no one of the new Governments is in a situation to do withwere totally lost, with nearly all their crews, only 71 being out borrowing, or likely to be so for a number of years. So saved. Concerning the origin of these sands there are various far, we have to thank the Clergy and Absolutists in Spain; opinions, but the common received story of their having once but as to France, she has now to consider whether she can been the estate of Godwyne, Earl of Kent, the father of safely acknowledge the independence of South America beHarold, who fell at Hastings, is now exploded, as well as fore her army withdraws from Spain, as no negociations can their having once been an island called Lomea, and to have tear from Ferdinand's crown a single diamond with which it been destroyed by the sea in the year 1097, the most pro- has hitherto been adorned. bable opinion of our best antiquaries being, that instead of these sands being occasioned by an inundation of the sea, l All the journeymen shoemakers in Limerick, to the number they were caused by the sea's leaving them at the time of of 354, are on the turn out for an advance of 5d. per pair that terrible inundation in the reign of King William Rufus, of shoes. or Henry the First's reign, which drowned so large a part of The mail coaches on the great North Road are now timed Flanders and the Low Countries. This desertion of the sea at about ten miles an hour as their rate of travelling. in these parts might have been further increased by following! The music of the Iron Chest, composed by Storace, was the inundations in other places, especially upon the parts of Zea- cause of his premature and lamented death. On the first land which anciently consisted of fifteen islands, eight of rehearsal, although labouring under a severe attack of gout which were swallowed up in Henry the Second's time. Such and fever, after having been confined to his bed for many are the Goodwins, which no vessel ought to pass without a days, be insisted upon being wrapped up in blankets, and pilot: and had the Ogle Castle taken the Daver one who carried in a sedan-chair to the cold stage of the playhouse. offered his services off Hythe the previous night, perhaps the The entreaties and prayers of his family were of no avail, catastrophe might never have happened, the vessel might he went, and remained there to the end of the rehearsal. have been in the Thames, and the unfortunate crew in health He was carried back to his bed, whence he nevér rose again. and spirits, among those friends who have so long been ex- Mozart was a remarkably, small man, very thin and pale, pecting their return.-Kent Herald.

with a profusion of fine fair hair, of which he was rather vair.

He was remarkably fond of punch, of which beverage he took POSTSCRIPT.

copious draughts. He was also fond of billiards, and had an

excellent billiard table in his house. He was kind-hearted, MONDAY, Nov, 14.

and always ready to oblige, but so very particular, when be We have every reason to believe that our Government has played, that if the slightest noise were made he instantly left acted towards the French with great candour and good faith off.-Kelly's Reminiscences.

at relates to the recognition of the new States of A single woman, about 23 years of age, is now in custody South America. A considerable time ago, a full notification on suspicion of having made away with her infant (a female was made to all the European Powers, including Spain, of child of nine months old), whom she herself states to have the intentions of our Ministers on this subject; but, with the put into the river near the Foundry Bridge, on Sunday evenexception of France and Sweden, no one Government ing, the 30th ult. Every means have been used by searching evinced anything like a disposition to concur in acts that the river to discover the body, but hitherto without effect. might prove offensive to Spain, or infringe the principles of Norwich Mercury. legitimacy. The invitations of the British Eavoy, and the clamours of the French merchants, however, called the attention of M. Villele more particularly to this point; but

3 per Cent. Consols, 8631. 3 per Cent. Reduced, 8571 New 4 per

Cent. 1822, 10313 when it came to be discussed in the Council of Ministers, besides the minor objections which Mr Canning has had the

LONDON MARKETS. courage to treat as mere empty verbage, the precarious!

CORN EXCHANGE, Nov. 14, 1825. Si

Supplies since last Monday very good. Old Wheat as last quoted ; situation of the French army in Spain, should any thing be New Samples are rather dearer.' Barley rather higher. Beans and done to rouse the rancour of the Clergy and Absolutists, ap- Peas rather cheaper; and Oats dull at last Monday's prices. Flour is peared as an insurmountable obstacle under the then existing generally considered at 60s. circumstances. M. Villele attempted, through the medium


| Wheat, red ........ 64s. 72s. Boilers .............. 508. 525. of M. Zea Bermudez, to induce King Ferdinand to


60s. 70s. Small Beans.......... 42s. 438. anticipate the intentions of the British Government,

.. 64s. 745. Tick ........ 36s. 42s, by entering into bargains with his quondam colonies, Old................. 648. 76s. Feed Oats.....

228. 24s. and receiving from each a large sum for his relinquishment Gre

Grey Peas ......... 46s. 478. Poland ...... 23s. 27s.

| Old................. 40s. 44s. Potatoe ...... 24s. 32s. and recognition, in a manner similar to the plan pursuing | Maple..... .... 465. 483. Scotch .........

.... 318. 33s. with Hayti. This, as well as all the other grand desiderata White .............. 40s. 465. Flour, per Sack ....... 50s. 60$. of which the negociation was entrusted to M. Zea Bermudez, Aggregate Average Prices of the Twelve Maritime Districts of Engfailed, although not till after every argument and every effort

land and Wales, by which Exportation and Bounty are to be regulated had been exhausted.

in Great Britain. Under the immediate auspices of M.

Wheat per Quarter, 65s. Od.-Barley, 41s. 11d. Oats, 26s. 98.-Rye, Villele, a negociation for the sale of the Spanish part of St

41s. 5d.-Beans, 46s. 1d.-Peas, 55s. Id. Domingo to President Boyer had also been opened, and it was

SMITHFIELD, Nov. 14. thought that the poverty of the Madrid Treasury would have Beef is selling this morning at 4s. 60. to 58. 4d. per stonefor best cattle, rendered it impossible to resist the temptation. M. Villele and 4s. 4d. to 4s. 6d. Mutton rather lower, and Veal from 6s. to 6s. 4d. and his friends, have, however, found that the Spaniards are per stone. Pork the same as last week.

To sink the Offal-per Stone of 8lbs. obstinate, and moreover that they can go on without the use

Beef .......... 48. 8d. to 58. 4d. | Veal.......... 5s. Od. to 6s. Od. of money. One fortunate circumstance in the failure of M.

Mutton........48, 100, to 58. 4d. | Pork.......... 58. Od. to 6s. Od. Villele's schemes is, that no sums of money will now be paid

HEAD OF CATTLE THIS DAY. to Spain for an act of grace that can easily be dispensed with, Beasts .................. 2935 | Pigs .........

....... 14,820 | Calves..................

136 and, consequently, that, for the present at least, we shall not have the London market overloaded with any new loans for

PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW. South America, or if any more are brought forward, they will ha

loco..£3, 5s. to £5. Os. | Straw ....... £1, 16s. to 2.21 be for small amounts, such only as are wanted to pay the

Clover £4, lós. to £5. 17s.




AN ADONIS.--I had a letter to deliver to a Bolognese nobleman, Signor

THE ANA OF THE STAGE. Ferussini. A sinonlar character, though a very worthy man; he was | Just published, in three elegant volumes, price One Guinea, illastre

scarce Portraits, and many other Engravings of curious abes frightfully ugly and hump-backed, yet he was afflicted with the disease

DRAMATIC TABLE-TALK; or Anecdotes and Rebcs. of sopposing every woman who saw him in love with him; as he was ! DI

and Actresses, Dramatists and Theatres, Ancient and W | rich, he spared no expense in adorning himself, in order to set off his

RICHARD RYAN, Esq. Prefaced by a Discourse on the Science charms to the best advantage. I was waiting for him one morning, when by Talma, written expressly for this work. he came from his toilette, dressed in a new suit of the richest and most London : printed for Knight and Lacey, Paternoster-row; azed to me

all Booksellers. expensive quality-painted, patched, and made up in every possible way.

*.*This Work professedly contains every interesting fragment «i. He placed himself before a large mirror, and indulged himself thus:

nected with Dramatic History and Biography, drawn from original "I am handsome, young, and amiable; the women follow me, and I am from scarce and expensive books, and in those respects it affords na healthy and rich-what on earth do I want?"_" Common sense, you tible mental festival to all lovers of the Drama, and all searchers after

anecdotes. rascal," said his father (who had just entered the room) in a fury, and immediately knocked him down. Even the immortal Liston might take

Just published, in 2 vols. post 8vo. price 16s. a lesson in the ludicrous from my astonished Adonis !-Kelly's Memoirs.

ANSELMO, a Tale of Italy; illustrative of Roman and Na

Life, from 1789 to 1809. By A. VIEUSSEUX, Author of Italy

Italians. London: priated for Charles Knight, Pallmall East. FOR Colds, Coughs, Asthmas, &c.—BUTLER'S PECTORAL - ELIXIR. Experience during a very long period has incontestibly proved

Just published, in 2 vols. 8vo. price 21s. the superior ethcacy of this Medicine, in all cases of Colds, Coughs, and Asth

THE MEMOIRS of JOSEPH POUCHE, Duke of matic Affections. By promoting gentle ex pectoration, it very shortly relieves Minister of the General Police of France. Translated from the te the Patient of a slight or recent Cold, and a few doses are generally sufficient Seeond Edition, revised and corrected. to remove those which weglect has rendered more confirmed and obstinate, and If Napoleon himself either could not, or would pot, disclose the app wbich are accompanied with Cough, Spitting of Blood, and other serions symp tory of his reign, we cannot but think that this desideraturn has bees L. toms. Its peculiar balsamic powers tend to heal soreness, and allay the irrita. degree supplied by his Minister of Police, Fouchs, whose Mein Lee tion of the langs, in cases of Cough ; and in Asthmatic Affections it assists and the most amusing, and, we might add, instructive works which has a gives freedom to the Breath.Sold in Bottles, at ls. 1 d. and 2s. 9d. by Butlers, France since the overthrow of the Imperial Government."*Thes Chemists, 4 Cheapside, corner of St Paul's; and 54 Sackville street, Dublin ; may be considered as a Supplement to those of Napoleon; the E. Savory and Co. 136 New Bond street, and 220 Regent street; and by the prin blanks, and throw light on the obscurities, of the Emperor's Term

cipal Medicine Venders throughout the United Kingdom. Of whom may be They require only to be read, to convince any one that they are there • had BUTLER'S BALSAMIC LOZENGES, used in recept Coughs, Hoarseness, one who has had a principal share in the events of the Revolution,

&c. and for rendering the Voice Clear and Flexible, and protecting its organs fectly acquainted with all its details." - Edinburgh Review, April 195 from the effects of exertion. In Boxes, 1s. 14d.-Be careful to ask for Butler's

London: printed for Charles Knight, Pallmall East. Peotoral Elixir

Just published, price 68. No. I. of

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The Age of Polly, No. 1.-A Treatise on Christian Doctrine, b OBSERVATIONS on CANCER: comprising numerous Cases of

Milton_The New School of Cockneyism, No. I.--Eros and Apteros,

| Tale of Paraguay, by Robert Southey, Esq.-Westminster Reviews Cancer in the breast, lip, and face, cured by a mild method of practice that

tion--Histoire de la Domination des Arabes et des Maeres en Eames. immediately alleviates the most acute pain. By T. J. GRAHAM, M.D. Fellow

Portugal,par M. de Marles-The Suliot Maideu's Song-A Pbrenopatec of the Royal College of Surgeons.

being an Exercise in Somnambulism. The Troubadour, and otber Also by the same Author, in 8vo. price 7s. boards,

L. E. L. A Letter from Posterity to the Author of Waverly, No. LA PRACTICAL TREATISE on INDIGESTION, BILOUS, and LIVER

on " The Struggles of a poor Student through the University of Canan: COMPLAINTS ; illustrating the nature and treatment of these very prevailing Memoirs of the Life of the Right Hon. R. B. Sheridan-Poetry. &c. i disorders.

Published by W. Simpkin fand |R. Marshall, Stationers' hall court, Lee « We sincerely recommend it, and have long been convinced that such a

street; J. Deighton and Sons, Cambridge ; and J. Parker, Oxford. work was imperatively called for."- London Medical Journal for September. Sold by Callow and Co. Princes street, Soho ; and Simpkins, Stationer's

In weekly Parts, royal 18mo. price ls. each, court.


This Edition will be completed in Twenty-four Parts, and wil Just published, in 3 vols. post 8vo. price 309.

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conclusion, four handsome volumes, containing 19 Illustrations of the most

minent incidents in the novel, engraved by Heath, Schiavonett, 1 " The narratives of which this work consists, considered merely in the Rhodes, &c, after desigus by Stothard, Westalt, Devis, Owen, &c. light of Tales, would be entitled to the highest praise, for the skill with which

Published by Hunt and Clarke, Tavistock street, Coreut gardes, they are managed, the variety of incidents, the deep interest and all the beau

C. Chapple, Pallmail. ties of style which they display. But when to these are added, a fac-simile of

* To those persons who desire to possess a really good edition real manners, some of them new in the social world, a crowd of anecdotes, brated povel, illustrated in a style worthy of the admirable subject egunected with almost every eminent or remarkable character who has crossed lishers believe that the present publication, extremely moderate as 42 the Alpy. the opening of Roman and Neapolitan domesticities, by one who I will nrove acceptable scene intimate with all their mysteries, and the occasional appearance on the

In a few days, in 2 vols. 12mo. price Is. in boards, with a large Map, es scene of individuals of historical notoriety, with the solution of many political

traits of Napoleon, Ney, and Murat, finely executed in bitbograse riddles bitherto left unravelled, it will be seen that these volumes possess a higher clajn to public attention than that of affording amusement, and that

A HISTORY of NAPOLEON'S EXPEDITION 10 RUSS:: they deserve to be read as a source of valuable instruction, the more valuable

1812. By Lieut. Gen. Count PRILIP DE SEGCR. as (be observatiops scattered over their pages are sound, patriotic, and just, London : printed for Hant and Clarke, Tavistock street, Covent pole and the morality which they inculcate is pure." - Morning Post.

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Just published, Part I, small 8vo. price One Shilling, of Printed for Geo. B. Whittaker, Ave Maria lane.



This is a republication, in a form more adapted to the pecuniary 41 MAGIC..

large body of readers, of the matter already published in six volumes 1 Jast published, in 1 large vol, handsomely bound in red cloth, price one guinea, edition the present will be precisely similar, when completed; and .. enılellished with five exquisitely coloured Engravings, viz. 1. The Emble.

sold at the same price (50s. in boards) the only object of the present a matical Title--2. Magic Ceremonies-3. Awful invocation of a Spirit-4. Ed. being to place a book of so much interest and information within the tra ward Kelly raising the Ghost of a departed Person---5. Awful Appearance to

numerous and intelligent class, who can afford the gradual purchase be · Lord Lyttleton; and 40 Vignette Engravings of Horoscopes, Hieroglyphics, weekly payment, althongh the whole sum at once would be too bear and Talismans,

fiuances. A Portrait of Voltaire after the bust by Houdon, and a Vignes THE ASTROLOGER of the NINETEENTH CENTURY; Stothard, both engraved by Worthington, form a Frontispiece to Part I å 1 or the Master-key of Futurity, and Guide to Ancient Mysteries: being a will appear every week. complete System of Occult Philosophy. By the Members of the Mercurii ;

Printed for Hunt and Clarke, Tavistock street, Covent garden. Raphael, the Metropolitan Astrologer; the Editor of the Prophetic Almanack;

POETICAL WORKS OF THE LATE LORD BYRON. and otber sideral Artists of first-rate eminence. The seventh edition, super THE TWO CONCLUDING VOLUMES of the WORKS. vised and corrected, with numerous additions, by MERLINUS ANGLICUS,

late LORD BYRON, uniform with both the octavo and foalscape" jun. sent. Author of “ Urania," the “ Philosophical Merlin," “ Sybilline Frag,

and accompanied by double Title-pages and Labels, so as to complete de meut," &c. and Member of several learned societies.

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what Editions they have, how many volumes, and what is the last part DR FOTHERGILL'S TONIC FEMALE PILLS.-These Pills The following POEMS may be had separately, as at first publishe! we have been in public estimation for a very considerable time, and are par 1. The AGE of. BRONZB; or Carmen Seculare et Annus haud Mir ticularly recommended in general Debility of the Constitution, also as a safe 2. The ISLAND; or Christian and his Comrades. and excellent remedy in those periodical irregularities which Females, of deli 3. The DEFORMED TRANSFORMED: a Drama. cate and languid circulation, inore especially the younger part, are liable to ;

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We Peter Nicholson, Esq. Author of the “ Builder and Worker's Savory and Co, 130 New Boud street, and 220 Rogent street; and by the prin

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New Editions of Vols. I, II, and III, are now on sale. UrPOTHERGILL'S NERVOUS DROPS. so much celebrated for their

London: printed for Knight and Lacey, Publishers of Works aa friency in Nervous disorders and their various distressing affections, as Oppres.

Arts, at the James Watt, in Paternoster row. sion of Spirits, Head-Aches, Loss of Appetite, Indigestion, Spasms, Tremors, Fainting Fits, and Debility or Relaration of the System. In Bottles, at 4s. 6d. | London: printed by JOHN HUNT, in Broad street, Golden square, and en 11, and 928.

by him at the Examiner Office, 38 Tavistock strect, Covent garderin Pa

No. 928. MONDAY, NOV. 21, 1825.

THE POLITICAL EXAMINER. writer, may possibly sometimes flutter there without injury; but while

even that is a question, their effect on the impartial and philosophical Party is the madness of many for the gain of a few.-Pope.

dealers in matters of fact, is unavoidably pernicious. When Pro

vidence gifts a nobleman with power and inclination to cultivate literaMOORE'S LIFE OF SHERIDAN.

ture to a result, these circles may colour, but scarcely control, his

\ mental independence; but to the man of letters whose passport to As an occasional attention to publications which exhibit a connexion i

them is formed of his talents and powers of entertainment, they unibetween literature and politics has long been a practice in the

formly operate in the way of an intellectual emasculation. Like Eraminer, no apology is necessary for the introduction of a few obser

Gulliver in Lilliput, he finds his freedom of action impeded by ten vations on a Life of SHERIDAN by a writer so much distinguished as

thousand petty ligatures, by which he never could have been bound, Mr Moore. Formal and elaborate criticism, indeed, either as to the

but in consequence of his own previous prostration. We say this as book or the subject of it, is out of the question ; but both the one and

a general position, and in reference to the nature of things, not as the other possess a more than usual claim to that brief species of

carping at the circles in question, which, while rank, opulence, and notice and record of opinion, to which our circumscribed limits so inevitably confine us.

| leisure, produce their usual consequences, cannot be other than as

they are. Mr Moore himself, in allusion to SHERIDAN, speaks of In the first place, then, we regret that our convictions lead us une

the numerous impediments which stand in the way of a cordial natuquivocally to assert, that for anything accomplished by the labours of

ralization in this high class of “worshipful society," the reward of Mr Moore, a life of SHERIDAN is nearly as great a desideratum as ever. In thus observing, we do not maintain that the author has not

which is frequently little more than a power of exclaiming-“We

have decided"-" In our circle”-“ Among us"-and similar pleabecn aided by the papers of the deceased, by a considerable portion of

sant indications of greatness and littleness. There was something too family cominunication, and by other authentic sources of information ;

much of the Bow-wow order in the character of thy intellectuality, we only affirm, that no adequate use has been made of them; and that on

Oh, Doctor SAMUEL JOHNSON ! but truly thy contempt of the collar it must be obvious to all the world, that by far the larger share of

in the way of actual intercourse, and erect disregard of mere lordly matter of fact thus acquired, has been sunk rather than afforded. This

condescension, will do thee eternal honour.* is exactly what was to be expected from the social and party con

So much for a principal defect in this Life of SHERIDAN; but nexions of Mr Moore; not to mention the suspicions that may be

we hesitate not to confess, that, with the highest respect for the fairly entertained of his disposition to encounter the penalties attached

talents and genius of Mr Moore, we deem him as much out to a rigid performance of the duties of a biographer, in which the sin

of his line in the character of a biographer, as the world have of omission may not unfrequently be as deceptive as that of mis

found Sir WALTER Scott in that of an editor. He speaks representation. Nor do we intend this remark to apply only to an

himself of the indisposition of mankind to allow an individual to over tender treatment of the private vices and follies of an eminent

shine in opposing lines of talent, and quotes Cicero in proof of individual, which leniency, although often injurious at once to resem

it. We suspect the indisposition to be upon the whole the result blance and to instructive inference, may, in the instance of recent de

of experience; but whether or not, we are certainly not actuated by cease and of great public merit, be frequently pardonable. Our protest

it when we say that the tendencies of the poetical temperament of goes further, and even to the extent of asserting, tbat in regard to by Mr Moore involuntarily influence his manner; and we would hazard far the most curious and interesting part of the

a wager, that his work contains as many sparkling similes as the Iliad. SHERIDAN, the publication before us affords little or nothing. Of that N.

Now it must not be imagined we contend that narration or reflection gay and laughing period, for instance, wherein he so signally united the

of any kind may not be thus illustrated, and that advantageously; characters of Falstuff and of the fides Achates to the PRINCE of but, in truth, Mr Moore introduces them as over-plenteously as Wales, we scarcely acquire any information, although it is impossible (San

Sancho did his proverbs; and it is not the real beauty and elegance to deny that much both of the public and private conduct of Sue

of the majority of them that can do away their poetical effect upon PIDAN (then only about thirty) took its future hue from that intimacy.

the matter of fact with which they are connected. Similes may emWe are indulged, indeed, with a few barren particulars relative to

bellish, and amuse the fancy of the reader, but they never inform; the political and party movements of Carlton House, which everybody

| and the essence of biography is information, and the reflection proknew before, and which, although necessary to 'record in a memoir of

duced by it. It assists study of character by a deduction of principles SIERIDAN, are precisely what everybody has long since ceased to care

and cardinal rules from a detail of facts and of conduct; and if for. We are aware of what will be said of delicacy, prudence, the sacred privacy of exalted rank, and similar matters, all of which go composition, it is quite certain that the style of handling should be

something short of philosophic powers will frequenıly suffice in its - with us for nothing. Such considerations may legitimately prevent a

very sparing of figure and of appeals to imagination in the way of prudent and sensitive person from writing a life which involves them,

artificial ornament and prettinesses, even if formed of gems of undebut, if written, can form no excuse for an omission of what has done

niable polish and sparkle. This by the way, and because, considering - much towards giviog that life a great portion of its essential dis-l the in

| the interest of the work, it is very remarkable in a writer of such tinctions.

general experience as Mr Moore. In itself the wit is rich, and Such is our primary objection to Mr Moore as a biographer, and

everybody knows that Mr Moore abounds in it. The best part of we may add, that his disposal of the MS. of Lord Byron had pre

the work is that which treats of the literary character of SuERIDAN, viously shown him to be very deficient in the nerve necessary for that

and exhibits and criticises the fragments of intended productions, and sound species of life writing, which, without indulging mere prurient

the rude outlines and preparatory sketches of those which he comor gossiping curiosity, shrinks not from dealing with all the facts

| pleted. Here the biographer is in his element, and happily, conwhich are necessary to give a due resemblance to the portraiture. To sidering the careless habits of the man, the remains of this description any thing short of this, we prefer the formal Eloges of the French,

nch, are abundant. The light which they throw upon the character of his which avowedly dealing only in the fine traits and characteristics of

mental powers at first sight appears paradoxical and contradictory, deceased eminence, leave us to acquire the reverse of the picture but a little further consideration will rapidly reconcile the fact and from other sources. In this case, no one is deceived, because the

the appearance. Having stated thus much, however, we will now nature and intention of the composition is well known. Not so in a pro

diverge into a little consideration of the general character of Sherifessed life, the events of which are passed over as the prophet crossed the Dan himself, reserving whatever we may have further to remark upois river Jordan, here and there, with a fearful or finical avoidance of all his biography, for appropriate introduction in the course of our ob encounter with the genuine current of the stream. In such instances

servations. profession and performance are at variance, and the publication is not what it assumes to be. We know that in the case of Mr Moore, this * Attending to the usual operation of rank and opulence on the literary shrinkingness is altogether undebased by sordid considerations con

character, it is amusing to atiend to the assuming gambols of a certain nected with gain, to which, independently of the known fact, it is obvious

crew, who pretend to the enjoyment of their countenance and hospithat his tender handling is also unfavourable. But other feelings and

tality. lu the text, we advert only to the sins of omission, which it may predilections will sometimes stand in the way of adequate perfor- / which it may lead them to perform. "We scarcely need dwell upon the

produce; in respect to the animals in question, it extends to the rascalities mance, as much as money-getting, and such are party connections services of a conspicuous leader among this blessed fraternity; the and the too often dear-bought privilege of dangling in noble and buffoon of the Lords and Ladies Sneerwell at their tables their Snake brilliant drawing-rooms. The wit, the poet, and the imaginative l in his newspaper.

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Attending therefore, in the first place, to the literary complexion of marriages; and in the meagre sketch afforded of his dal the mind of SHERIDAN, we suspect that, owing both to connexion " whereabout,” nothing is more amusing than the detail of and inclination, it was early formed on a course of light dramatic humour, light-heartedness, and even frolic, which distinger reading, the result of which, possibly more than any other kind of social intercourse. At one time, Mr and Mrs SHERIDAN perusal, is to produce an aptitude for colloquial terseness, and a ten- ardently sought-for guests of the higbest and most fashionable dency to elicit those whimsical and remote resemblances, which, -a most instructive and memorable instance of the folly of a when duly condensed and crystallized in expression, may be essen- ance on the transitory countenance of those who admire bene tially denominated wit. The dialogue of comedy, in fact, must the fashion, and make a left-handed alliance with genius den always aim at point, either in the way of a humourous collision of amused. remark, or directly in the utterance of a portion of the character; for If the private and literary life of SHERIDAN affords subjechal who would attend a play to hear people talk as people generally do proving consideration, an equally conspicuous lesson is suid talk? Thus, for a young man to read much in this way, and to culti- his public and political career. We will not enter here is vate the faculty principally displayed in it, seems an affair of course; vantages or disadvantages of parties in a state, or of the positie and we doubt not that the early comedy of CONGREVE was the fruit impossibility of dispensing with them. Our humbler pune of a juvenile reading similar to that of SHERIDAN's. It may be simply to show their operation upon one man of genius and a further observed of this species of wit, that it has little to do with particular, and upon others more generally, with whom hes nature in its primitive aspect and primary associations; and conse- And here we must do Mr Moore justice; he by no means of quently is generally gleaned in a town life, and from a quick observ- regard Whiggism as immaculate; and if he falls short of a ser ance of the ever-varying hue, although eternally similar substance, of powerful examination of the aristocratical taint in its therm artificial society. Another circumstance attendant upon wit of this of the very artificial nature of a great part of its practice, Dette class is, that while the habit of spontaneously producing it may he go out of his way to admire the one or conceal the other. En doubtless be cultivated, much more of it is the result of study and pre- more than this; be observes and dwells upon the manifest dedos meditation than is generally imagined. The papers of SHERIDAN this theoretical basis of party under the wider information of the furnish incontrovertible proofs of this fact, and so did the Remains of ple, and of the more intimate connexion of politics with the BUTLER. It is curious to witness, in both instances, a thought after- and practical views, than with the mere speculative opinion wards most successfully employed, twisted and twined into various and passions of mankind. We gladly pay this tribute to M: Med shapes upon paper, ere with lapidary skill it be polished and placed although his frankness is alloyed by some small wit and comes to glitter in its final destination. "Both the dramas and the speeches nuation on the subject of Parliamentary Reform, wbich bezie of SHERIDAN, it now appears, were formed in this elaborate manner, to believe was never espoused much more that lip deep etiek although, in regard to the latter, habit and experience soon added the SHERIDAN or Mr Fox. We may also add on the laudatory power of spontaneous reply. The learning of a man, when he pos- the question, that the portion of Mr Moore's book which is sesses a quick recollective faculty in an adequate degree,* undoubtedly entry of the former into public life, is frank and instructive. 18 augments his wit, by increasing his associations, as in the case of sion to a constellation of bright and gay-witted men, of webom BUTLER; but we suspect that the habit of mind which detects remote Dan was about to form a part, he observes--and we fully a and contingent resemblances is peculiarly self-formed, and compara- | him—" that for wit, social powers, and literary accomplishme, tively independent of external culture. Thus the actual acquirements political men of the period under consideration formed such as and even information of SHERIDAN were very bounded; and he seemsblage as it would be flattery to say that our Own times can to have owed nearly everything to an inborn strength of understand-To accurately account for a superiority of this nature at ay ing, a rapid power of combination, and that sound sort of good taste, time, is not always possible; but we again opine with a the chief ingredient of which is good sense. Looking at every part that the intervention of the French Revolution did much to of his literature, his oratory, and even of his public conduct (allowing predispositions which lead to this sort of pre-emineace. The for the theory on which he acted) and his quick sense of the proper classes, he observes, assumed “ an increased reserve of mante, and befitting seems seldom to have failed him. His plays, as pro- of course imposed a proportionate restraint on all within there duced, show a regular improvement of every first conception; his which (circumstances) have been fatal to conviviality and speeches in Parliament, and especially his famous orations against and not very propitious to wit,-subduing both manners and HASTINGS, are eminent displays of judgment and brilliant adaptation; sation to a polished level, to rise above which is often though is and in the instances where he abandoned his party, the public and as vulgar as to sink below it." + Such was not the case wha ŠE after days have very conspicuously sided with him. How melancholy that in his private conduct alone the monitor should have proved and others were impracticable, he always took refuge in it, ande

melancholy ** Aware,” says Mr MOORB," that the wild schemes of Carte powerless! But did it fail? Not as a monitor, we will venture to his friends to do the same. Whenever any one,' he would at assert; man, however, is not a being of pure reason, but a creature of poses to you a specific plan of reform, always say that you are far passions and of habits, and, physically speaking, more especially at Parliaments and Universal Suffrage; then you are safe.' He the mercy of the latter. Where Sheridan first acquired his Circean evident delight in referring to a jest of BURKE, who said there hala propensities, we know not; but it is well known in what company a new set of Reformers still more orthodox than the rest, who they grew into tyrants, and transformed a highly-gifted, and, in many

Annual Parliaments far from being sufficiently free; and wha, fed noble senses, a highly honourable man, into a powerless slave to the

themselves on the latter words of the statute of EDWARD III b wine cup, a weak dependant on the fumes of the last night's debauch,

liament should be holden every year, once and more often if

were known by the denomination of Oftener-if-need-be's' to the destruction of all regularity, all consecutive action and intention,

part,' he would add, I am an Oftener-if-need-bo.'” Now this is all government of his private affairs,-in short, of everything but of Moore's own wit, but his manner of quoting it is quite conclusie splendid isolated efforts, for which the soul would occasionally muster does this gentleman really think, that petty crackers of this der up its native energy, only once more to sink, clogged and enthralled, will, as Benedict says, dout men out of their conviction ; GB into a bondage, from which a final release, after a captivity of long broad and holy principle, that all men ought to be politically con standing, is nearly as hopeless as from that place in which Dante by adequate representation, will cower to such puny sarcasa? informs us that they who enter must leave hope eternally bebind.

aware-- who is not ?--of the extent of power and influence opposed But enough upon this ungracious theme, to which, beyond a mere

principle ; but we also know that an auxiliary is in progress, tel advertence, we are not called by any duty; nor, as we said before, do la

ultimately bear it triumphantly through “ twenty times sach sp. we think that anything beyond a brief but adequate record of the time, will be like the rushing of mighty waters. There is a lot

| allude to the diffusion of sound information, the effect of which fact and its consequences necessary anywhere; but, in truth, the whole tiles who already feel this by instinct, and seem to anticipate is set of the private life of SHERIDAN is very slightly skimmed over, and approach like their brethren of the mud of Nile. especially in regard to the latter part of the existence of his first wife, Nothing can better either describe or account for the more a female who seems to have united in herself the most bewitching | for some time been so prevalent, and of which the "mighty so feminine attractions of mind, person, and accomplishments. Sheri

Dullness herself might have been deemed the fashion-monger. Dan indeed appears to have been singularly fortunate in both his

wit and social sparkle can be voled vulgar, because occasionally

tory to the distinctions of the Herald's Office, and practised by • Which is seldom the case, and hence the rarity of the union of wit knows who," it is to be hoped that the assumption of the existings and great learning, which, however, when it does take place, as in the of modish manners may pass away for the same reason; fornabi instances of BUTLER and Porson, is always unusually racy. In general, be more ridiculous than much of ibe imitation, both in practice however, the memory of deep learning, although often profound, is un paper. This, after all, is only a revived affectation, being all wieldy, and as it were unsorted. SPENSER allegorises Memory as an old age of Elizabeth, when to be melancholy and gentlemanlyn man, and Recollection as a skipping page, employed to bring him what he fashion among the gallants and cavalieros of the day. If evers wants: in the learned case to which we allude, the boy, in reaching for a was right in regard to the paucity of novelty, it is in reference te small article, is always in danger/of bringing down the contents of the sions and vanities, the permutations among which are much more whole shelf upon his head,

than people imagine.


dan became one of a body of wits and politicians, possessed of qua- The probability appears to be, that SuERIDAN, who had always oplifications so congenial with his own, and an association with whom posed a junction with the GRENVILLES, had been treated with hauat once stamped the aspect of his politics, and the tendency of his teur in that quarter, and had become disgusted at some of the shadowy future career.

substitutes for principle in regard to the acceptance of office, on which In attending to this part of the life of SHERIDAN, both as described this second coalition was determined to stake itself,—the silly affair by Mr Moore, and as very obviously characteristic in itself, it is of the Regent's choice of his own Vice-Chamberlain, we believe. impossible not to perceive that the choice of a speculative politician's We cannot be disposed to deride sacrifices to principles, be they what party at that time of day, was next door to a simple matter of con- they may ; but the solemnity with which this and similar points have nexion or accident; and that mere ingenuity was usually taxed for a been erected into a sine qua non by aristocratical politicians, has been supply of the necessary principles and arguments to be adopted in often exceedingly ridiculous, considering how much pliability and support of the chosen side. Our biographer, as we have already compromise have been manifested in other directions. It is possibly. shown, frankly admits that the words “Parliamentary Reform" were one of the most usual errors of bounded spirits, to substitute accidents little more than a popular war-cry; and in regard to the Regency for essences, and to think that Astolpho's mule is the very best mule question, the East India bill, and similar cases, that the conduct of in the world, a long time after he is dead: but, in truth, some of the each belligerent party would have been exactly that of the other, later Whig points smack exceedingly of this flavour, and more than if similarly situated. It is really a great compliment, under such one mention of the Lords GREY and GRENVILLE in conjunction, admissions, to allow that some grand and broad general principles were have reminded us of the sympathetic movements of the two kings of not involved in the same liability, yet in regard to Fox, SHERIDAN, Brentford, both in the pleasant manifestation of mock dignity, and and many more, we are disposed to admit it; and rejoice heartily at of real unimportance. the decline of a system which could thus soil and depreciate the purest To the last, however, SHERIDAN pursued the point of honour with convictions by so much practical trickery and finesse. The time is his brother Whigs, and even refused to be brought into Parliament, gone by, we trust, for the open advocacy of a theory contended for by the REGENT, because he would not be suspected of a mercenary by BURKE," implying that the whole power of the executive of conversion. We cannot well describe our feelings in regard to this England is the hereditary property of a few leading families and their once brilliant man, when we contemplate this tenacity in the midst of satellites; and that freedom consists in an abidance of certain rules pecuniary distress of every kind. Never, certainly, was a life in its by which it may be regularly bandied about from one set of these afflictive close more pregnant with melancholy instruction. The families to aaother. From opposition priginating in such grounds, companion for years of a Prince, then become a powerful King-the the public has done right to withdraw its confidence-not on the eloquent and effective member of a widely extended party for half his miserable principle of “flying from petty tyrants to the throne"- lifetime—the idol of social and witty circles nearly the whole of itbut in a firm reliance on its own increasing operation in the way of we witness this companion, this orator, and this wit, who had grasped influence and opinion, and that arising too from the soundest and best at and secured popularity and admiration in nearly all quarters, left of causes-its every day increasing acuteness and information. Let a prey to the most harassing species of misery and endurance in his any man peruse with aitention the history of party and party changes latter days—abandoned nearly by all but a few sympathetic private in Administration, from the Revolution to the present time, and if he friends, forming a small but honourable exception to the numerous be not at least secretly surfeited with the paltry detail, he is devoid herd who had once hailed him as associate and companion. We will of reason. It resembles indeed nothing in the world so much as the not pretend to say that his private irregularities might not naturally combination of a body of blacklegs, bound by certain laws in their circumscribe his circle of valuable acquaintance; but there is an exgaming with each other, but all united to make as much as possible treme in this reverse which is outrageous, and in respect to certain out of the rest of the world...

quarters, altogether disgraceful. And then his substantial pecuniary From such a school, it must be always recollected that SHERIDAN | imprudence has been much exaggerated; for after all his carelessness was introduced into political life; and we repeat, that, consistently with and disregard of minor points, RICHARD BRINSLEY SHERIDAN, who his own theory, he acted, under the pressure of very narrow circum- began life without fortune, and adventured largely in the most hazard- . stances, with a degree of tenacious honour, and even lofty integrity, of ous of all property, died, owing an amount of debt which did not which there are not many examples. There is no great merit in men exceed 5,500l. a sum which a stock-exchange defendant would laugh of ample fortune, or high connection, resisting the blandishments of at,-a sum scarcely more than half that which a MELVILLE would power and emoluments of office, in obedience to the law of party give no account of, and a STEELE and a VILLIERS almost with impuhonour or genuine principle; but it is far otherwise with needy men nity abstract,-a sum for which, if a ruler would be scarcely defenof political speculation and adventure like SHERIDAN, to whom success sible in robbing the Exchequer, he would at least be justified in deis almost absolutely necessary.t Yet he never swerved from the point ducting from the decoration of a drawing-room. * But the lesson has of honour or principle; and even when the state of the party and his been sealed, and the recorded picture of an almost violated deathown determination in respect to the mutiny at the Nore, and a bed will stand in eternal memorial of lofty heartlessness and fashionsecession froin parliamentary attendance, might have countenanced a able apathy. It will profit more than one kind of student,--the aspirretreat, while he partially acted upon his own views and convictions, ing adherent of party on the mere strength of native ability and he never abandoned his colleagues. Even when his conduct in the transient and fluctuating favour,--the man of self-enjoyment and great mutiny affair so highly pleased the late King, that a message was sent social powers, who, in the Epicurean elegance of the assembly and to him that there was a disposition to bestow any favour upon him the banquet, at once wastes his energies and debases his habits, which it was consistent with his feelings to accept, and, at the same and lastly, the calm enquirer of every class, to whom it cannot but time, a lucrative post was absolutely offered for THOMAS SHERIDAN, be beneficial to learn, that it is not the possession of the highest talents he declined the proffered favour. He had differed from his party, but that alone leads to the most favourable consequences, either in regard would not desert it, and not only so, would accept of nothing that to temporary or lasting reputation; but that the most exalted capac could imply a doubt of his firmness. Nay, in all that Mr Moore has bilities require a portion of self-command, which can never be safely communicated, we gather nothing against SHERIDAN, but that he neglected. The record of successful genius is not extensive, but it withheld some intimation of a favourable change of disposition, on the would be almost illimitable, had the presence of this one thing needful part of the REGENT, to the Lords Grey and GRENVILLE, at a critical | attended all the instances which its absence has rendered nugatory. moment, and thereby produced the retention in office of PERCEVAL.I This, after all, has not exactly been the case with SHERIDAN; but a

consideration of what he was, in reference to what he might have * See his “ Short Account of a Short Administration,” that called the

been, readers his life probably a more conspicuous illustration of this Rockingham.

humble moral, than most that could be selected. It sounds lowly, + The Whig party wrecked several small retainers of this de-li

but, after all, BURNS was as right in his doctrine, as wrong in his scription, many of whom exhibited a high degree of personal honour in their fidelity. For years, a reliance on Čarlton House possibly kept them

practice:together. What says Swift? “ The kingly prophet well evinces,

among bees by a peculiar course of feeding, consisting principally of “ That we should put no trust in princes."

a larger quantity of honey. We suspect that Royalty among men owes I SHERIDAN evidently mistook the extent of his own influence with much of its essence to similar luscious provender. SHERIDAN-the grave the Prince at the time in question, as also of his relative importance, rogue--was never so much his own Joseph Surface as on this occasion. either with or without the implied degree of favour. The arrival of a * It seems that, contrary to what has usually been supposed, SHERIDAN long-desired period seems to have dazzled him. He paid the usual heary taxed his friends very little in the way of loan, except in the article of tax, too, which is levied from all who cultivate Royal friendsbips, as coach-hire. It was an infatuated neglect of all business and all compn. may be seen by a very extraordinary piece of epistolary flattery addressed tation, the result also of the bottle-which so much involved him. His by him to his then patron, in explanation of some misconceived conduct carelessness frequently led to false demands and second payments, which of his. This letter Mr MOORE supplies; and it affords a sad example he never disputed; and such was his mistaken sense of gentility, neither of mental prostitution, HUBER says, that Royalty is developed would he allow others to dispute them for him.

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