« AnteriorContinuar »
other part of the globe? What then ought we to do? May that the Court were not in possession of any official informawe not turn their policy against themselves? If the Bad con- tion as to the result of his return to Bengal; but they heard spire, cannot the Good combine? True, we have lost much. unofficially that Lord Amherst had consented, after all he had We cannot now have a vanguard of free states, but we may suffered, to let him remain in the country; and that such have a strong and irresistible Reserve. The United States, - were the feelings of the Directors on this subject, that they the nascent, but I trust soon the powerful republics of South should certainly abstain from any measures which might disAmerica, have common interest with us to repress the encroach-turb this arrangement. By this affectation of humanity the ments of tyranny. Can we not be closely allied with them? | Court escaped, for a moment at least, the censure off apparent We are accustomed to alliances. There is not an Imperial participation in the cruel treatment inflicted on this unhappy Slave master, there is not a petty despot who traffics in the individual. The last letters from Bengal, however, tell a very blood of his subjects, with whom we have not at one time or different tale--it is this: other been allied. We have made alliances and combated for On the arrival of Mr. Arnot in the river Hooghley, he sent centuries to support what has been called the balance of up from Kedgeree (the Gravesend of the port of Calcutta) a power; can we not confederate to preserve what I may term respectful memorial to the Supreme Government, setting forth the balance of right-the protection of the weak against the the sufferings to which he had already been exposed, and the strong? In such an alliance we should occupy a high and total destruction of the small remnant of property left him, by commanding station. Placed in the front of danger, but of the burning of the Fame off Bencoolen : recapitulating the glory too, this Island, aided by her free Allies, might bid de- facts of his being indebted to various persons in India, and fiance to a world of slaves, or what is more, might teach his having no hope whatever of paying them, or of obtaining them, by the hope of sharing our blessings, to make themselves a livelihood, but by his remaining in India, where his friends free. These views may be called visionary ;-splendid fan- and connections principally lay. This was backed by a strong cies never to be realised. Never perhaps to their full extent; letter frem Sir S. Raffles, bearing testimony to his sufferings -but I will not think so meanly of our kind as to despair of and his character, and stating that his confidence in the the possibility of an Union among free nations, for wise, and liberality of the Bengal Government had induced him to virtuous, and honourable purposes.”
permit Mr. Arnot to return from Bencoolen, in the persuasion
that after all his sufferings, and the time that had elapsed BANISHMENT OF BRITISH EDITORS FROM INDIA. since his offence, he would be suffered to remain in Bengal.
The Banishment of another British Editor from India, in To this, however, Lord Amherst directed the Chief Secrethe case of Mr. Fair, who has been sent a prisoner on board tary, Mr. W. B. Bayley, to reply, that the Government saw one of the Company's ships at Bombay, has recalled our at no reason whatever to alter their determination with respect tention to this important subject.
to him, Mr. Arnot; and added, that if he should be found in It is not, perhaps, generally known, that Dr. Maclean, to any part of India after the 1st of September, 1824, measures whose talents and humanity such ample testimony is borne in would be immediately taken to enforce his removal! If this the last number of the Westminster Review, was one of the be not vindictive persecution, we know not what can deserve
earliest victims of this despotic power. He was sent on board the name. ' a ship in the Ganges under fixed bayonets, and himself and The case of Mr. Fair, who has been transported from Bom
his wife treated with the greatest indignity, by the officers of bay, on the alleged ground of having given an inaccurate Government, under Lord Wellesley's administration, for daring report of some proceedings in the Supreme Court there, is just to defend, in a public print, the character of his brother, in a as flagrant a violation of all right and justice as any other dispute with one of the Company's civil servants ! On his case that preceded it. Mr. Arnot was sent to England via arrival in England he could get no bookseller to publish his Bencoolen and the Eastern Islands, which would have been a narrative of this transaction, and the letters to Lord Wel-circuitous voyage enough, had not his being burnt out of the lesley which accompanied it; in consequence of which he ship prevented its accomplishment. Mr. Fair is sent from becaine his own printer and publisher, by purchasing materials Bombay to England, via Calcutta and China! So that he and renting a house for this express purpose. Lord Wellesley will have to circumnavigate half the globe before he reaches was, however, high in favour at home, and his advocates bore his destination, in an imprisonment of the very worst descripdown all attempts to excite public feeling on this disgraceful tion!! transaction.
1 Surely such deeds as these must rouse indignant feelings in Sabsequent to the banishment of Dr. Maclean from Cal- the breasts of some of our legislators; and we sincerely hope cutta, other persons were forcibly removed from Madras and that Mr. Lambton, Sir Francis Burdett, and other indepenBombay, as well as from the Upper Provinces of India, under dent Members of Parliament, will, at a very early period of the powers of the abominable clause, which enables the East the approaching Session, demand an inquiry into such disIndia Company's Government to remove all British-born sub-graceful transactions: nor cease from their labours till they jects who may not be their willing slaves, though foreigners obtain the repeal of a power which can never be needed for remain secure from its application. But few of these acts of any good purpose, and is perpetually liable, as we have suffioppression were exposed and censured as they deserved to be ciently shown, to be prostituted to bad ones. in the public prints of England.
The pages of the Oriental Herald, a work especially devoted Mr. Buckingham's transportation, and the entire destruc- to the exposure of Indian mis-government, abound with mattion of his valuable property, to the extent of 30,0001. atters worthy the serious attention of our leading men in public least, for justly exposing a profligate job in the case of a life; and from the announcement made of the contents of the Scotch parson, whom the East India Directors themselves next Number, for February, we may expect further discioremoved from his office immediately on hearing of his appoint- sures on the subject here adverted to, from which we may bent, is well known in all its details; and the subsequent hereafter draw fresh matter for comment and observation. . cruel treatment of his successor, Mr. Arnot, has been also Globe and Traveller. made known to the English public through the press. Some recent facts respecting this persecuted individual, communi
GENERAL MINA. cated by the last advices from India, deserve, however, to be This celebrated Chief thus briefly and modestly sums up mentioned in addition.
what he effected during the first Peninsular war :-“ Amidst At the close of the last debate at the India House, where the numberless toils and anxieties by which I was continually - the hardship of Mr. Arnot's case was very powerfully dwelt surrounded, and which scarcely allowed me a moment's
Government, either pecuniary or otherwise (these very words for England, Warwacki for Russia, and Colocotroni for the are in the Government's statement of my services) I found | Turks. Under the date of Constantinople, Jan. 15, it is means to raise, organize, discipline, and maintain a division mentioned that Colocotroni had been defeated, and had sent a of infantry and cavalry, composed of nine regiments of the i very humble letter of submission to the Government. The first, and two of the latter class, whose total amount at the answer is not yet known. end of the campaign was 13,500 men. My division took The Etoile of Saturday, in noticing the disturbance in from the enemy, at different periods, thirteen strong places consequence of Kean's affair at Drury-lane Theatre, makes and fortresses, and more than 14,000 prisoners (not including one of those comical additions to the story in which it invarithose made during the time that no quarter was given) with ably indulges when any occurrences in England are to be an immense number of pieces of artillery, quantities of arms, related. “ The confusion," says the Etoile, “ spread even to clothing, stores, and provisions, &c. &c. The delivery of this the boxes ; many persons in the pit, in allusion to certain number of prisoners at Valencia, Alicant, Lerida, the Canta. passages of the letters read at the trial, called out Little brian Coast, and at other points to which I ordered them to Breeches (culottes courtes). This word having been always be taken, I have officially authenticated. From an examina- considered by the ladies as an unpardonable insult to them, of the returns of killed, wounded, and prisoners, the result is many went out indignant, covering their faces with their handa loss on my side of 5,000 men; while that of the enemy, | kerchiefs !" including their prisoners, does not fall far short of 40,000.
IRISH SERVILE PRESS.--The state of public feeling in Ireland, and the The Spanish prisoners whom I rescued amount to above
sentiments of the respectable portion of society (without reckoning the 4,000; among them were some generals, many chiefs and mere numerical majority of the people) are indicated, among other eviofficers, and not a few partizan leaders. I was several times dences, by the condition of the Orange press in Dublin. If it were not for wounded by musket-balls, sabres, or lances. I have still a
direct pecuniary support from Government, there is scarcely a doubt, that
all the Servile papers but one must be given up. A Correspondent of the ball in my thigh, which the surgeons have never been able to
Morning Herald states, that the principal Orange journal-the Dublin extract. I had four horses killed under me, and several Evening Mail--is owned by two brothers, Remmy and Thomas Sheehan, wounded in action. I established for the supply of my divi both Catholics, and the sons of a highly respectable Catholic tradesman
at Cork; that the profits of this paper do not exceed 12001. a year; that sion moveable manufactories of clothing, horse-trappings,
the Star, whose proprietor is also a Catholic, has been nearly sunk by two arms and ammunition, which I sometimes transported along verdicts with damages against it for libel : that the Correspondenl (likewith me, and at others I used to keep them at work or leave wise owned by a Catholic) and the Patriot receive upwards of 10001. a them, hidden in the same manner as the stores, in the moun
year from Government ; that Saunders' News Letter also belongs to
Townshend, the Proprietor of the Correspondent; and that nobody tains." General Mina effected all this, without ever impos- |
attends to the rowings of Sir Harcourt Lees and his Antidote. “ Such, ing a contribution of any kind on the towns, except rations adds the writer in the Herald, “ is a short, but faithful history of the for his cavalry. He supported himself by establishing custom intolerant Press in Dublin, and of its existing managers. The bitterest houses on the very frontiers of France, taking from the
opponents and revilers of the Catholics are heartless writers of the same
communion. But renegadoes, who put on the turban, and abjured the French convoys the produce of every branch of national
Cross at Tunis and Algiers, have always been the most envenomed ene. revenue, rents or convent lands, &c. exacted by them, by fines mies of the captive Christians." The cause of the oppressed Catholics, on the disaffected, and donations by natives and foreigners, and of Liberty in general, can on the other hand boast of many able and During the late war his means were always extremely scanty.
flourishing journals among its advocates. The Dublin Evening Post, we
believe, takes the lead in every respect ; but the Freeman's Journal, the « With the very small force of 6,000 men, I kept the field | Weekly Register, &c. are papers which do credit to the cause they supfull two months and a half against the whole of the 4th corps, port. The talent, decency, and aggregate circulation of the Liberal commanded by General Moucey, which consisted of 20,000 newspapers give them a weight and character which leave their puny infantry, and 2,500 horse, assisted by 7,000 of the factious,
pensioned opponents at an immeasureable distance in respectability and
influence. and favoured like the latter by a very powerful party, and by FORTUNATE Escape.—The journals of Switzerland conthe bad spirit of many of the towns. The forces of which tains the following recital :-On December the 20th, four my army was composed never amounted to 21,000 men. men, belonging to the parish of Lenk, formed the rash project Only to garrison the ten strong places in Catalonia (of which of penetrating into the Vallais, by the Ravylberg, to purchase two are of the first class) requires 25,000 men; so that keep-| brandy. They fortunately arrived there and made their pura ing some of them with only half a garrison, the greater part chases, but the snow which fell in the night rendered their with two thirds, and scarcely one with its full complement, return nearly impossible. Braving the danger, they set there only remained for me to act in the field with the 6,000
out, and reached the top of the mountain and the dangerous before-mentioned, though they always formed, nominally, four,
passage, called the Terrible Corner. Here they ventured on five, and even six divisions. The smallness of these garri-l a small bridge which unites two points of rock, and one of sons, on the other hand, did not admit of their making any them, a young man, aged 23, lost his self-command, slipped but very small sallies ; the contrary of which would have off, and fell down the terrible precipice beneath. The small been very convenient in many instances. The pecuniary re- cask of brandy which he had on his head accelerated his fall, sources which were received from the Government during and his companions saw him tumble from rock to rock without this campaign, amounted to no more than three millions of being able to give him the least assistance. They hastened, reales de vellon (about 30,0001, sterling) for though bills and however, to the neighbouring village (Poshenreid) and got
assistance, and, guided by torches, returned up the moun. the Army, they were not negociable, and consequently were tains; but the snow and the darkness rendered their search of of no use. Every thing else I was obliged to find myself. no avail. On the next day they again returned ; twenty men Barcelona, among other expedients, witnessed the unusual accompanied them, and they descended to the bottom of the one of making money out of the cannons."
precipice, when all at once an avalanche fell and covered
four of them. By the aid, however, of their iron-pointed POSTSCRIPT.
sticks, which they stuck in the ground, and by lying down on
the ground, they kept themselves in their places, and the avaMONDAY, Jan. 31.
lanche rolled over their heads, and at length they found the The Etoile of Saturday contains an article in answer to the object of their search. He was a corpse; mutilated and Quotidienne, on the recognition of the South American Repub-covered with wounds. He was buried on the 24th, and his lics by Great Britain, in which its opinions already expressed family had the melancholy satisfaction of paying him this are repeated without any addition worthy of notice. In an last attention.--Courier Francais. article from Odessa it is stated, that the Greeks are divided | We understand that the linen-weayers of Barnsley have into three principal parties : Mavrocordato having declared nootf.,11.notitioned their emplouons for the
with 110 Engravinstory of his M MAR liberal Educatiosiori
their fents, or a small advance of wages in lieu of them. The DR. FOTHERGILL'S FEMALE PILLS.-These Pills have been masters are unanimously resolved not to restore the fents, as
in public estimation for a very considerable time, and are foumd particularly
serviceable in removing Obstructions and other Diseases, to which Females, it would re-open the door for many frauds and larcenies; but more especially the younger part, are liable; they tend greatly to strengthen several of the principal houses are well disposed to grant an
the Organs of the Stomach, correct bad Digestion, remove Nervous Giddiness,
Head-ach, &c. &c.; and, as a Family Medicine, will be found generally useful. advance of wages, which, it may therefore be hoped, will be Sold in boxes, at ls. 1 d. and Rs. 9d. by Butler, Chemist, 4, Cheapside, St. Paul's :
Savory and Co. 136, New Bond-street; 220, Regent-street; and by the principal gained by the weavers. The trade of Barnsley is flourishing
Medicine Venders throughout the United Kingdom. Of whom may be had beyond all precedent. The journeymen spinners in a number
DR. FOTHERGILL'S NERVOUS DROPS, so much celebrated for their efficacy
in Nervous Disorders and their various distressing affections, as Oppression of of the mills at Hyde, near Stockport, have turned ont for an Spirits, Head-aches, Loss of Appetite, Indigestion, Spasms, Trei pors, Fainting advance of wages. On Monday last, the hands who have
Fits, and Debility or Relaxation of the System. In bottles, at 4s. 6.1. Ils. and 228. already quitted their employment paraded through the place,
HISTORY FOR SCHOOLS AND FAMILIES.
The following popular Works on the interesting Subject of History have recently and it is thought their numbers will shortly be greatly aug
been published: mented by the addition of others who have given their mas
DR. ROBINSON'S ABRIDGMENT of HUME & SMOLLETT'S
HISTORY of ENGLAND, continued to the Accession of George the Fourth, ters notice to quit. The hands that will then be out of work
with 140 Engravings from the Works of great national Artists, constituting the we have estimated as high as 10,000. The cotton-spinners
most attractive History of England eyer published. Price 9s. bormd.
2. Dr. ROBINSON'S GRAMMAR of UNIVERSAL HISTORY, by which of Glasgow, after standing out for about four months, have History may be tanght as a branch of liberal Education. 3s. 6d. hound.
3. Dr.ROBINSON'S ELEMENTS of ANCIENT HISTORY, including Greece.
Rome, and all the Nations of Antiquity. 7s. bound. a temporary deduction of ten per cent. from their wages, as 4. Dr: ROBINSON'S ELEMENTS of MODERN HISTORY, including all
Nations from the Age of Charlemagne to 1920. 78. bound. a remuneration to the masters for the loss endured in conse
SS endured in conse- 5. GALT'S HISTORICAL PICTURES, drawn from the British, English, quence of their strike. It is understood that the masters will
Scottish, and Irish Histories; containing details of the most remarkable events
and characters, 2 vols, 14s. half-bound. meet in a month, and deliberate how long the deduction shall 6. FIVE HUNDRED QUESTIONS, printed in Quarto Copy-books on the be made.--Leeds Mercury.
Four First of the above Books, by which they are specially adapted to the use
of Students and Schools, at 2s. each. FIRE.—Saturday morning, about one o'clock, an alarming fire broke 7. ADAIR'S FIVE HUNDRED QUESTIONS on GOLDSMITH'S ENGLAND, out in Jermyn-street, in the house of Mr. Roland, which burnt with at ls, or in a Quarto Copy-book, with spaces for Answers, at 2s. great fury, and soon communicated to the houses on each side, Mr. which are used in the schools of the British Empire; and that they fulfil
N.B. The above are the principal Works on the important Subject of History, Hazard's and Mrs. Groves's ; all which, notwithstanding the exertions their purpose is proved by their general adoption, and by the periodical demand of the firemen, fell a prey to the consuming element. The back premises for large editions. adjoining have also greatly suffered; but no one was hurt,
Printed for Geo. B. Whittaker, Ave-Maria-lane.
Just published, 8vo. 108. Bd. boards,
THE CAMBRIAN PLUTARCH, comprising Memoirs of some
of the most Eminent Welshmen, from the earliest times to the present.
By JOHN H. PARRY, Esq. The arrivals of all kinds of grain last week were considerable, and the London: printed for W. Simpkin and R. Marshall, Stationers'-hall-court, return of Flour was large. This morning we have a fair quantity of Ludgate-street; Oliver and Boyd, Edinburglı; and Hodges and M'Arthur, Wbeat, Beans, and Barley, from Kent and Essex. The Wheat trade for
Dublin. the finest parcels, is very free; and the price is full as high as on Monday.
Just published, small 8vo. 10s. bd, boards,
London: printed for W. Simpkin and R. Marshall, Stationer's-hall-court, trade is beavy; large quantities of English and Irish Oats being still in
Ludgate-street; Oliver, and Boyd, Edinburgh; and Hodges and M'Arthur,
Dublin. the markets. The Flour trade is very dull. CURRENT PRICES OF GRAIN.
Just published, duodecimo, 4s. 6d. boards, Wheat, red (new) ...... 52s. 659. I Pease, White.......... 423. 453. | LECTURES on the LORD'S PRAYER; with Two Discourses
on interesting and important subjects. Ditto old ......... 54s. 70s. Boilers
By the Rev. LUKE BOOKER, LL.D. F.R.S.L. and Vicar of Dudley. Wheat, white (new) .... 545. 73s. Maple..
39s. 40s. London: printed for W. Simpkin and R. Marshall, Stationers' hall-court. Ditto old ........... 60s. 78s. Grey .............. 378. 38s
378. 385. Ludgate-street; Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh; and Hodges and M‘Arthur,
Just published, in 1 vol. 12mo. price 6s. 6d.
VOYAGE de POLYCLETE, ou LETTRES ROMAINES, abrégé Tick ditto .......... 358. 38s. Flour, per Sack........ 54s. 65s.
de l'ouvrage original de M. C. Baron de Theis, a l'usage de la Jeunesse.
Par M. D. ROUILLON. Aggregate Average Prices of the Twelve Maritime Districts of Eng.
This work, written on the plan of Anacharsis, has gone through several editions land and Wales, by which Exportation and Bounty are to be regulated in France, and has already been translated into German and Italian. The in Great Britain.
French Journals speak highly of its merits, both in point of plan and style ; and
the Abridgment has been judiciously made by a French Gentleman of Norwich, Wheat per Quarter, 67s. Od.-Barley, 40s. 7d.-Oats, 23s. Od.--Rye,
well known by several works for the use of schools. 39s. 20.-Beans, 39s. 100.—Pease, 44s. 6d.
The volume is very neatly and correctly printed at Norwich, under the eye
of the Editor. SM!THFIELD, Jan. 31.
Published by J. Souter, School Library, 73, St. Paul's Church.yard; and The Meat market is rather dearer, the best Scots Runts and fine Oxen Treuttel and Wurtz, Soho-square, London. fetching 58. 28. and 58. 4d. per stone, and Inferior, 4s. and 4s. 60. per
CHILBLAINS, RHEUMATISM, SPRAINS, &c.—CAJEPUT stone. The Mutton trade is very good at 58. 6d. and 58.8d per stone
V OPODELDOC.-Cajeput Oil, which is the basis of this Opodeldoc, has been for the finest Sheep, and coarser meat is quoted at 4s 6d. and 5s. per stone. long esteemed on the Continent, as a remedy for Chrovic Rheumatism, Spas. Veal is full as dear as we last quoted, the best young Calves being 78. per modic Affections, Chilblains, Palsy, Stiffness and Enlargement of the Joints,
Sprains, Bruises, and Deafness; and the experience of late years, in England, slone. In Pork, the price of dairy fed is quoted at 6s. and 6d. 2d.
proves that it merits the high character given of it by the most eminent in the • To sink the Offal-per Stone of 8lbs.
profession, in those obstinate complaints. Being combined in the form of OpoBeef .......... 48. 2d. to 5s. 4d. | Veal.......... 6s. Od to 78. Od. deldoc, it is rendered more penetrating, and consequently much more efficacious Matton ........4s. 10d. to 5s. 8d. Pork...... .. 5s. 2d. to 6s. 2d. as an external application. Rubbed upon the skin, by means of flannel or the
warm hand, it allays morbid irritation of the nerves, invigorates the absorbents, HEAD OF CATTLE THIS DAY.
and accelerates the circulation.-Sold in bottles, at ls. 1 d. and 2s. 9d. by Butler, Beasts 2,718 Pigs ........
Chemist, 4, Cheapside, St. Paul's ; Savory and Co. 136, New Bond-street; 220, Sbeep ................ 14,840 | Calves .................. 107 Regent-street; and by the principal Medicine Vendors throughout the United
Kingdom. Of whom also may be had the CHILBLAIN CERATE, an excellent PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW.
remedy for Chilblains when broken. Hay .......... £3 5 to £ 5 0 | Straw.... .. £2 0 to £2 6 Be careful to ask for Butler's Cajeput Opodeldoc, and Chilblain Cerate. Clover £40 to £5 7
I FISTULAS and PILES.-The extraordinary cure of those painful The Average Price of Brown or Muscovado Sugar, computed froin the - complaints, obtained by me under Mr. VAN BUTCHELL, Surgeon, No. 48,
South-street, Grosvenor-square, London, induces me to publish my case for the Retaros made in the Week ending January 26, 1824, is 33s. 11 d. per
benefit of persons so afflicted, and as a grateful acknowledgment for the great Handred Weight, exclusive of the Duties of Customs paid or payable
blessing I have derived through the exercise of his superior skill. When my tbereop on the Importation thereof into Great Britain.
cure was begun, I had been suffering under both complaints for upwards of 21 years, and having been 12 months in hospitals (pine months in England and
three months in Ireland) and obliged to keep my bed 13 weeks, and to undergo RECTIFIED SPERM OIL, at 19.00Per PECTIFIED SPERM OIL, at 4s.'6d. per Gallon.--UPTON and three oper
three operations (two in England and one in Ireland) under eminent surgeons *Co. Oilmen and Chemical Colour Manufacturers, 61, Queen-street, Cheap
of both countries, and having been again ordered for a fourth operation, but
of both cou side (near the Southwark Bridge) respectfully acquaint the Public, that, by a being afterwards told there was no cure for me, I nearly gave up all hopes of a rices, exclusively their own, they are enabled to render Sperm Oil equal in cure, but often thought within myself, surely there is some one to be found purity to Spirits of Wine: it has the brilliazcy of the finest Gas, without Smell capable of curing those dreadful disorders, and being induced, from strong er Smoke ; and although, from the brightness of its flame, it is peculiarly recommendations, to place myself under Mr. Van Butchell, I joyfully found dapted for Sin umbra, French, and all Lamps of a superior kind, it will be
those thoughts speedily realised, being cured in three months of my Fistulas,
those thoughts speedily realiseren under Mr. Van Butchell, I joyfulluns lound advantageous in an economical point, as, from its extreme purity, there and in the same period of my Piles, and only hindered from my labour six days,
n neconomical point, as, from its extreme but 2Do waste: the saving in Wicks and Cottons is considerable, and there is mora and am now as sound as I ever was in my life. The truth of this statement # Do waste: the u
RICHARD BRANSON, Tizht obtained from it, than from any other Oil. Fine Sperm Oil, 4s. ; Chamber can be respectably attested.
' Just published, in Svo. price gs. boards,
THE PROPRIETORS of the BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY A SHORT VIEW of the FIRST PRINCIPLES of the DIFFE of MUSICIANS, and of the VOCAL ANTHOLOGY, beg leave respectfully RENTIAL CALCULUS. By the Rev. ARTHUR BROWNE, M.A. Fellow
to inform their friends and the Public, that both the above works are ready of St. John's College, Cambridge
for delivery at their house, 11, Bell's-buildings, Salisbury-square, Fleet-street: Printed for Geo. B. Whittaker, Ave Maria-lane, London; and Deighton and
also at Longman and Co.'s, Paternoster-row; and all other Book and Music-sellers. Sons, Cambridge; of whom may be had,
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No.888. MONDAY, FEB. 7, 1825.
THE POLITICAL EXAMINER. and lose--as Bishop Doyle says many of the Irish do the very
faculty of reading, after it had been completely acquired." Yet our Party is the madness of many for the gain of a few.-Pope.
rulers are continually boasting of the great efforts made to enlighten
the people we have commissions and committees apon education, TAX ON NEWSPAPERS.
foundation schools, charity schools, schools for all, and plenty of pious Ore readers may recollect an article on this subject in the EXAMINER i lamentation over th
lamentation over the intellectual “darkness" of the rural population of August 22, 1824, in which we pointed out the heavy burden of Now of all the temptations to the acquirement of the art of reading, a taxation under which newspapers labour, and showed the probability newspaper is the greatest. It treats of matters which concern the that the stamp and advertisement duties might be reduced very con immediate business of every class of readers; it gratifies the most siderably, and the present amount of revenue from those sources still laudable kind of curiosity; it excites reflection and discussion ; and is supplied by the immense increase of circulation that would ensue. alike pleasing and useful to the least and the most informed mindst Our theory on this subject has been greatly strengthened by some
to the former, conveying instruction of every kind; to the latter, new recent articles in the Caledonian Mercury and the Scotsman, in which facts as they oceur. It would be no more than consistent with the it is proved beyond doubt, by the exhibition of certain financial docu- lofty tone and pretensions of British Ministers, if newspapers were tents, that the revenue actually loses by that overstrained taxation relieved of every species of impost, and circulated throughout the which so lamentably excludes the great bulk of the humbler classes
country by post at the bare cost to government (which would not be from a fund of instruction and amusement.
a halfpenny for 100 miles). We should then only equal the United The stamp duty on newspapers, in the nine years ending with 1814,
States in the liberal treatment of literature. increased from 202,000l. to 332,000l. or at about the rate of 8,0001. If however we cannot expect to find enough patriotism or zeal in per annum; and it cannot be doubted (considering the growth of behalf of knowledge, in our governors, to induce them to forego, even population, of commercial activity, and of reading habits among the for so grand an object, an item of taxation by no means considerable people) that this rate of increase would have gone on to the present in produce, we have at least a right to expect, that where the interests day, at least as rapidly-probably much more so. The revenue then
of the revenue are not affected, they will be willing to remove formi
of the revenue are not affected, they w would have amounted by this time to more than 400,000l. But in "dable impediments to commerce and mental cultivation. It is evident 1814 the stamp duty was raised one penny; and the consequence
from the foregoing statements, that taxation has been screwed up, in was, that the produce to the treasury became annually less than before, the case of newspapers, far beyond the proper point, even as regards - until 1819, whence it gradually rose to 350,000l. in 1823. Looking
the revenue alone." We are confident in the belief, that under the therefore at the rate of increase with the lower duty, there can be no
reduction we are about to suggest, the small risk of loss to the revenue doubt, as the Scotsman observes, that “ within the nine years (from would be outweighed by the reasonable chance of gain. If the excise
150,0001.--and this sam may be literally said to have been sacrificed, a great boon to literature in general) and the stamp reduced from 3 d. to deprive some thousands of families in middling or poor circum- to 1d. a newspaper might be sold at 3 d. with as much, profit as it stances of the accommodation of a newspaper !!!
now yields at 7d.; and we are sure we are under the mark when we The statement of the produce of the advertisement duty is no less calculate that the circulation of newspapers would be increased fourconvincing, when the circumstances are duly considered. This branch fold. If the duty on advertisements were lowered to 1s. the price on of revenue produced annually, during the five years ending with 1814, the great mass (which are short ones) would be likewise reduced one about 124,000... In that year the duty on each advertisement was half, and the number certainly quadrupled, probably a great deal raised from 33. to 38. 6d. And, notwithstanding the very great in- more. The example of Philadelphia above cited would warrapt us, crease of newspapers, and of business of all sorts, the tax only yielded as our readers have seen, in a much more sanguine anticipation of 140,000l. in 1823. The effects of this impolitic impost are extremely the result; but take it at the soberest calculation, to prevent all cavil, pievous. The commercial world is deprived in many cases of a -and does not the question present itself in a shape which ought to valuable means of publieity, and compelled in others to pay exorbi- be conclusive with any Finance Minister worthy of his office ? tantly for it; the profits of newspaper proprietors are diminished by We trust the session just commenced will not be many days older the necessity of advancing the money paid to Government; the price before this important subject is brought before Parliament in an useful of books is perpiciously swelled, and many scientific and other works manner. The commercial public have a greater interest in the change winch would be very valuable without being extensively popular, than even the individuals who conduct newspapers, and the true altogether kept back from the public; while the revenue itself is friend of his country's improvement has the greatest interest of all. Certainly not benefited, but probably injured !
To illustrate the effects of this excessive taxation, the Scotsman ndiciously compares the newspaper press of Philadelphia with that of
LITERARY NOTICE. Liverpool, the two cities being nearly equal in population, but the
English one having probably six times as much trade as the American. The Last Days of the Emperor Napoleon. By DOCTOR ANTON MARCHI, ! In Philadelphia there were, about two years ago, nine daily papers,
his Physician. i besides various others published once, twice, or thrice a-week, making Such portion of these two volumes, as clearly answer to the title, are
together perhaps twenty. The whole number of papers (not of copies) necessarily of value, as serving to complete a full view of the career of published in that city weekly, must therefore be about seventy. In the extraordinary individual whose melancholy close of existence, it Liverpool there are only four papers, and those weekly! But then in records. Without, however, being destitute of the interest which will Philadelphia—thanks to the absence of excise, and stamp, and adver-ever, more or less, attend the remarks and recollections of a man like t.sement duties--a newspaper costs only from 1d. to 2d. In regard Napoleon, the reader must not enter on his task with too sanguine'an to advertisements likewise, the contrast is quite as striking: there is expectation. The period of Doctor ANTOM MARCHI's residence at ten times as much advertising in Philadelphia as in Liverpool, with Saint Helena was only twenty months; during the greater part of only one sixth part of the business; because an advertisement in the which the unfortunate captive was struggling beneath the attacks of American costs on an average scareely more than one-third of the rapidly increasing disease, and consequently the variety of characteristic price in the British newspapers.
and forcible remark, which animated the pages of O'Meara, Las Cases, In the whole round of our taxes, there is none perhaps so disgrace- Bertrand, and Montholon, was utterly out of the question. We may ful to the spirit of a government as this tax upon knowledge. In go a little further, and observe, that if there had been much to convey, America," says, the Scotsmun, “ a dozen of families do not think Dr. A. seems to be scarcely the man to convey it. A Corsican, and of thumbing one weekly paper till it is as black as the types it was sent out by the Buonaparte family, that he should write like a zealous cast írom. The poorest mechanic chooses to have a paper to himself, partisan is natural enough ; but in truth, neither this nor anything and is able to spare the twopence without trenching on his other else can atone for the egotism and shallow flippancy of our medical comforts. And thousands who would read nothing else, imbibe from man's manner; or for the unreasonable interpolation of matter into these these weekly monitors habits of reflection and a taste for useful know-volumes, in ostensible illustration of the casual allusions in the conledge--who, if their lot were cast in our double taxed country, would, versation of Napoleon to past transactions and exploits. Some of from the want of some such rational stimulus, seek relief for the these documents are introduced with so little ceremony, their conTacuity of their thoughts, at ten times the cost, in coarse sensuality, |-nexion with the narrative is not alway ! discernible, and when