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otherwise, they are altogether out of place in the present publication. to social intercourse, the deportment of officers and gentlemen can be In a word, one half of these volumes form a heavy tax upon the at once very effectively, if only negatively contemptuous. remainder, and fairly overlay the facts which form the interesting According to Doctor ANTOMMARCHÍ, the man Lowe informed portion of the work.
the suite of Napoleon, “ that Government was beginning to be more Doctor ANTOMMARCHI commences his narrative with the circum- favourably disposed, and had ordered him to announce to General stance of his engagement by Madame Mère and Cardinal Fesch, to Buonaparte, that the moment approached when his liberty might pose s proceed to St. Helena to attend to the declining health of Napoleon. sibly be restored to him; and that his Britannic Majesty would not be
A detail of the petty obstacles and difficulties opposed by the con the last to accelerate the term of his captivity.” This declaration was
temptible fears of the Holy Alliance, and of Austria in particular, is followed by orders for the funeral, which, with infinite consistency · given with genuine Italian vivacity. We regret to say, that the conduct after such a declaration, was attended with much of the same Lillipu
in London was scarcely more dignified, if this writer is to be de- tian littleness which has accompanied the St. Helena routine from first pended upon, whose style of reporting official conversation, we must to last. As this could not be fear, the readers may attribute it to any confess, occasionally inspires us with doubt. According to his account, other respectable passion they think proper; but, for heaven sake, we endeavours were made here to disgust him with his undertaking, while pray our ultras to spare us a portion of their brilliant allusion to the his departure was unnecessarily delayed even for months. Why all this age of chivalry! should have been, we declare as Englishmen we are utterly at a loss to To conclude: as containing what cannot be obtained elsewhere, an tell, even admitting the claimed necessity of this unique species of accurate account of the closing scenes of the life of Napoleon, and as captivity. The Doctor, however, and the two priests, his companions, forming much explicit document for the future historian, this public finally reach St. Helena, and the former, after some curious demur on cation has its value, even independent of the reported conversation of the part of Napoleon, enters on his office. The following preparatory Buonaparte ; but we must again protest against the extraneous matter, form shows the nature of the feelings existing between the fallen Em- as a species of expansive book-making, which, to parody the old parperor and his British goalers :
liamentary resolution, “ has increased, is increasing, and ought to be
“ Longwood, 220 Sept. 1819. diminished.” “ M. ANTOMMARCHI,—The Emperor accepts you as his surgeon, and allows you a salary of nine thousand francs a-year. Your functions will commence as soon as you shall have taken the oath ; for which purpose THEATRICAL EXAMINER. I request you will call upon me at a quarter past two. “I have the honour to be, Sir,
DRURY-LANE. " Your very obedient humble servant,
On Monday evening, with some relaxation of force on the part of the “ Count BERTRAND."
opponents of Kean, the play of A New Way to pay Old Debts was got "I accordingly repaired to the Grand Marshal's at the appointed hour,
through very nearly in dumb show. Several contests took place in and made the engagement required of me. I was not to communicate or say any thing to the English, and I was to take especial care not to give
the various parts of the house, and copper coins were brutally hurled them the least information respecting the progress of Napoleon's disorder.
in many instances at conspicuous partisans. An orange also dearly All I had myself heard and experienced, had taught me what people we reached Miss SMITHSON on the stage; but this was seemingly uninhad to deal with, and had not disposed me to be very coufiding with tended. We will not dwell on details which possess no sort of vathem: I therefore swore that I would not repeat or communicate any riety, and indeed no other interest than what arises from misplaced, thing; and I had the honour of being introduced to his Majesty.
or at least unreasoning indignation on the one side; and objection to At this time, Napoleon was in a very wretched state of health, an oppressive display of resentment, and, as it is too evident, of still but had uniformly refused the attendance of Lowe's medical man, meaner passions on the other. After the play, and during the first without however affecting to doubt bis skill; on the contrary, he re- act of the afterpiece, Mr. Kean came forward, and addressed the commends ANTOMMARCHI to consult with him on the effects of the audience as follows: climate. This was in September 1821, and the Doctor keeps a kind « Ladies and Gentlemen-1 have made as fair concession tola British of diary until his patient's decease in May 1823. In a medical point audience as a British actor ought.-( Applauses and disapprobation.)-1
of view, it is a melancholy detail of suffering, and of the gradual mas-hope, for the honour of my country, that I shall be permitted to perform • tery of disease; enlivened, during intervals of ease and of better during the remainder of twenty nights; after which I shall take my leave
spirits, with the usual vivid reminiscences of the sufferer; of some of for ever.-(Loud cries of No, no, Kean ; you shall not leave us ! Never, which we shall avail ourselves elsewhere. We believe it is one of the never !) -I hope also, for the honour of my country, that this persecution most invariable tendencies of the failing mind of man to advert to the
will never reach foreign annals." period of youth with tender recollection. Such appears to have
He then bowed and retired.--Applause and disapprobation were been the case with Napoleon, possibly in obedience to the law which kept up for some time, which finally sank into silence, and the farce ordains the first impressions to be the strongest, but partly also, we sus
proceeded. pect, owing to ANTOMMARCHI's incapability of comprehending the
FRIDAY EVENING. warlike 'allusions of his soldierly patient; a fact indeed which he The opposition this evening was exceedingly slackened, and the honestly acknowledges. We know not that much is lost by this ten- audience, by no means a numerous one, produced a very dispropor- dency of conversation, nor for the greater portion of the family anecdote
tionate number of malcontents. At the half price, a renewal of tumult is extremely amusing, and, in addition to the simple narrative of daily took place, but in no respects with any thing like the primitive vigour. event, will form the chief claim to notice on the part of this closing
It is reported that Mr. KEAN will withdraw for a fortnight; but we journalist.
know not on what authority. At all events, the future opposition · The English public was already acquainted with the general cha- appears likely to merge into that which militates against no principle racter of the controversy in relation to the nature of the disease of -absence on the part of the dissentients. Mr. KEAN made no adNapoleon, and his physician here supplies sufficient material to set dress this evening, but spoke some allusive passages of Macbeth which
conjecture at rest. The former doubtless seems to have inherited a implied energy and fortitude, with singular significance.
HOUSE OF LORDS. • of the whole transaction ; but, as already observed, giving in to the
Thursday, February 3. asserted necessity of a distant captivity, we are utterly at a loss to
OPENING OF PARLIAMENT.-KING'S SPEECH. * account for the excess of cruel and ungenerous privation, the mean | About half-past two o'clock the House of Lords met, and the Lords
and paltry restrictions in regard to communication with relations, Commissioners being robed, took their seats on the woolsack.-The Comincluding wife and child, which evidently shortened the life of Buo mons were summoned to hear his Majesty's commission for opening the naparte. The wretched and paltry withholding of books and journals | Session read. A considerable number of the Members, preceded by the
that might be supposed to personally interest him, and the absurd | Speaker, soon after appeared at the bar, and the commission being read, · restrictions which virtually made him a prisoner in his miserable abode,
the Lord CHANCELLOR read his Majesty's Speech, of which the followall appear to us to be as contemptible as unnecessary; and we are
ing is a copy :satisfied that posterity will say the same. With the bulk of mankind,
“ My Lords and Gentlemen, political expediency will do much, but it must possess a manly cha
I“ We are commanded by his Majesty to express to you the gratificaracter : the expediency of crawling and abject fear, or of mere national
tion which his Majesty derives from the continuance and progressive
increase of that public prosperity upon which his Majesty congratulated • enmity, exalts the victim precisely as much as it debases the politician. you at the opening of the last Session of Parliament.-There never was
The minor instruments of the unnecessary portion of the endurance, a period in the history of this country, when all the great interests of the - Lave found thin out, without waiting for the verdict of posterity. The nation were at the same time in so thriving a condition, or when a feelDeanest tools must be estensively countenanced; but when it comes in of content and satisfaction was more widely diffused through all
classes of the British people. It is no small addition to the gratification law, or foreign policy: he was a most consummate intriguer, and the of his Majesty, that Ireland is participating in the general prosperity. greatest champion of existing abuses : he kept the Sultan's conscience The outrages, for the suppression of which extraordinary powers were as well as his own, but it was never remarked that the Head Mufti's confided to his Majesty, have so far ceased, as to warrant the suspension I conscience thwarted his own interests. (Laughter.) Having seen (said of the exercise of those powers in most of the districts beretofore dis- his Lordship) the Turkish empire torn by an intolerant and divided turbed.-Industry and Commercial enterprise are extending themselves Divan, he prayed that this nation might not be delivered up to such a in that part of the United Kingdom. It is, therefore, the more to be distracted Council!-(Laughter.) regretted, that associations should exist in Ireland, which have adopted Lord LANSDOWN heartily approved of the recognition of the South proceedings irreconcilable with the spirlt of the Constitution, and cal-American States, but thought it might have taken place niue months culated by exciting alarm, and by exasperating animosities, to endan- ago. Alluding to Ireland, he conjured their Lordships not to believe, ger the peace of Society, and to retard the course of National Improve that by checking the present measures of the Catholic Association, -if ment.-His Majesty relies upon your wisdom to consider, without delay, they called for check, they would cure the disease which affected the the means of applying a remedy to this evil.-His Majesty further re Irish people; for though the existing symptoms might be quashed, new commends the renewal of the inquiries instituted last Session into the troubles would arise which would avert the prosperity of Ireland, and state of Ireland.- His Majesty has seen, with regret, the interruptiou of unnerve the arm of England, in a time of danger. His Lordship called tranquillity in India, by the unprovoked aggression and extravagant upou the House not to increase the evil by checking its outward'display pretensions of the Burmese Government, which rendered hostile opera rather than striking at the root of it; not to be too hasty in putting down tions against that state unavoidable. It is, however, satisfactory to find the public manifestation of discontent in a country where discontent, so that none of the other Native Powers have manifested any unfriendly | long as the present system lasted, must always manifest itself in sonie disposition, and that the bravery and conduct displayed by the forces shape or other. already employed against the enemy, afford the most favourable pros. Lord LIVERPOOL observed, that owing to the firmness of Parliament, pect of a successful termination of the contest.
they had accomplished an Herculean task, and were now enjoying their * Gentlemen of the House of Commons,
reward--they had founded a state of prosperity for England greater than * His Majesty has directed us to inform you, that the estimates of the any other country had enjoyed, nay, greater than she herself had pos year will be forth with laid before you. The state of India, and circum sessed at any antecedent period! With regard to our foreign policy, we stances connected with other parts of his Majesty's foreign possessions, had acted with a proper caution in the South American question, as no will reader some augmentation in his military establishments indispen nation had a right to set itself up in judgment between a mother-country sable.--His Majesty has, however, the sincere gratification of believing, and its colonies—we had no right to dispute the independence, neither that notwithstanding the increase of expense arising out of this augmen were we entitled to assert or maintain it and our recognition of the tation, such is the flourishing condition and progressive improvement of Independent States could not with propriety have taken place sooner. the revenue, that it will still be in your power, without affecting public Referring to Ireland, his Lordship said, that the question respecting the credit, to give additional facilities to the national industry, and to make Catholic Association had nothing to do with the Catholic claims; that a further reduction in the burdens of his people.
its proceedings were in decided hostility to the intent of the Con “ My Lords and Gentlemen,
vention Act; that it was actually levying an unauthorized duty “ His Majesty commands us to inform you, that his Majesty con- | upon the Catholic population of Ireland'; and that the existence of tinues to receive from his Allies, and generally from all Princes and such a body was inconsistent with the Constitution of the Country, States, assurances of their unabated desire to maintain and cultivate the and incompatible with its peace. If the Catholic Claims were granted relations of peace with his Majesty and with each other, and that it is at all, they should be granted on their own merits, and not on bis Majesty's constant endeavour to preserve the general tranquillity.-
the demand of such a body as the Catholic Association. He did not The negotiations which have been so long carried on through his Majesty's
deny the right of the Catholics to assemble and to petition ParliamentAmbassador at Constantinople, between the Emperor of Russia and the that was not the question, it was, whether conduct should be tolerated Ottoman Porte, have been brought to an amicable issue.--His Majesty which was in decided hostility to the spirit of the laws. The improved has directed to be laid before you, copies of arrangements which have
condition of Ireland was chiefly owing to the increasing prosperity of been entered into with the kingdoms of Denmark and Hanover, for im
the Empire generally; for the disturbances in that country were always proving the commercial intercourse between those States and the United mainly attributable to distress, and not, as some contended, to political kingdom.--A treaty, having for its object the more effectual suppression and religious animosities. But if such animosities tended to produce of the Slave Trade, has been concluded between his Majesty and the
disturbance, what could be more mischievous than the measures of the King of Sweden, a copy of which treaty as soon as the ratifications Catholic Association ? His. Lordship concluded by saying, that both thereof shall have been exchanged) his Majesty has directed to be laid the safety and the prosperity of the country demanded that measures before you. Some difficulties have arisen with respect to the ratification should be taken against the Association, and by giving notice, that ou of the ireaty for the same object which was negotiated last year between this day week he should move for a renewal of the Committee for in his Majesty and the United States of America.--These difficulties, how
quiring into the State of Ireland. eter, his Majesty trusts, will not finally impede the conclusion of so bene. Lord DonOUGHMORE deprecated the threatened coercion in regard to ficial an arrangement.-In conformity with the declarations which have Ireland, and denied that the proceedings of the Catholics were at all been repeatedly made by his Majesty, his Majesty has taken measures for illegal. It was in vain, he said, to attempt to put down by Act of Par confirming by treaties the commercial relations already subsisting between liament six millions of people who had real grievances to complain of this kiogdom and those countries of America which appear to have Why not let the Catholics of Ireland talk : they proposed to do no more, established their separation from Spain.-So soon as these treaties shall In his opinion the Roman Catholic Association had done nothing which be completed, his Majesty will direct copies to be laid before you.-His they ought not to have done. Najesty commands us not to conclude without congratulating you upon | Lord Roden, on the contrary, was gratified to hear that Government the continued improvement in the state of the agricultural interest, the meant to put down the Association, which had produced the most bane solid foundation of our national prosperity; nor without informing you,
ful effects on the minds of the Irish peasantry. Decided measures alone that evident advantage has been derived froin the relief which you have would make the Agitators crouch, and it was not for Parliament to be recently given to commerce by the removal of inconvenient restrictions. dictated to by the Catholic Association. -His Majesty recommends to you to persevere (as circumstances may Lord CLIFDEN contended that the proceedings of the Association were allow) in the removal of similar restrictions; and his Majesty directs us perfectly legal, and that the Rent was collected and used for proper 10 assure you, that you may rely upon his Majesty's cordialco-operation objects. As the Speech alluded to Associations, he concluded that the in fostering and extending that commerce, which, whilst it is, under the Orange Societies were also to be suppressed. It was extraordinary, that blessing of Providence, a main source of strength and power to this Government should at this moment exhibit much greater intolerance country, contributes in no less a degree to the happiness and civilization towards Ireland than to Hanover, in which kingdom it had just been of mankind.”
declared that the Professors of all Christian denominations should be Their Lordships having adjourned, re-assembled at five o'clock, when placed on an equal footing with respect to Civil Privileges! When it Lord DUDLEY and WARD moved an lrumble Address to the Throne, in was recollected that Burke, Fox, Pitt, and 20 other great men, were all answer to the “gracious Speech," which was in the usual echo and advocates for Catholic Emancipation, he could not but wonder at the esery-thing-approving style; which Address was seconded by Lord obstinate folly of a portion of the British Cabinet! Gort in the same satisfied and courtly strain.
The Address was then agreed to unanimously, Lord King gave his cordial approbation to those measures by which
JOINT-STOCK COMPANIES. the resources of the country had been relieved and industry stimulated, 'The Lord CHANCELLOR said, that he should shortly move for leave to measures which had been repeatedly pressed on the attention of Govern-regulate a system now going on to a most mischievous extent-he meant ment by himself and his friends, and, though opposed and neglected at first, Joint Stock Companies not yet formed, and which never might be were finally adopted by Ministers. But though the condition of England formed, and where, before their formation takes place, the shares of the was prosperous, such was not the case with six millions of Catholics on persons adventuring therein were made the subjects of sale, to the enorthe other side of the Channel, who were suffering under a system which
mous profit of those who set such Companies afloat. It was his intenwas disgraceful to our age and country. Turkey and Ireland were the tiou to ask their Lordships to consent to a Bill to check that sort of proé only two countries in Europe, where races were opposed on account of ceeding. He thought it right to mention the subjeot on the first day of their religious creeds. Here Lord King very pleasantly alluded to the the Session, because he intended that the operation of the Bill should chief Members of the British Cabinet, as if composing a Turkish Divan.) affect all sales of interest on shares in the Companies which might be The Reis Effendi, or Minister for Foreign Affairs, he said, was the only proposed, but not you formed, from and the first day of the present
i d either leave it to be dealt
& declaration as to what he conceived to be the intent of the common | Seal? Prince Hohenloe is nothing to the man who could effect soch law on the subject.
miracle. (Laughter.) Many things surprise me; but nothing wor
so much surprise me as that the Noble and Learned individual to whi HOUSE OF COMMONS.
I allude, 'should quit his hold of office, while life remains. (Hear Thursday, February 4.
The Right Hon. Gentlemen opposite greatly underrate the steadines : : SPEECH FROM TIE THRONE, AND ADDRESS IN ANSWER.
mind of the Learned Individual, the firmness with which he beert * The Speaker attended in the House of Peers to hear the Speech, in the
burdens of his high station. In these qualities he has never perhe usual form, and on his return read a copy of it to the House.
been paralleled. (A laugh.) Nothing can equal the constancy w Lord FRANCIS LEVESON GoWER, in moving an Address, which as usual which he has borne the thwarts he lately received on the questions merely echoed the Speech, expatiated at length upon the prosperity of tree trade. His patience under such painful circumstances can be rivali every national interest, and the general happiness and content which only by the fortitude with which he bears the distress of the suitor extended throughout the kingdom, not even excepting, he was happy to his own Court. ( Hear, hear!) Let him be tried. 14 laugh.) la! say, Ireland. In reference to the proposed augmentation of the army,
generous mind, expanded as it has been by his long official charact his Lordship said, that he believed he might state confidently, that it there is no propensity so strong as a love of the service to his count was not the intention of Ministers to increase the military force of Ireland (Loud laughter.) He is no doubt convinced that the higher an office by a single man. The additional troops were wanted for India, and for the more unjustifiable it is to abandon it. Let Right Hon. Gentlem the colonies in America and the Mediterranean.—The Address was
opposite make the experiment, and if they succeed in wrenching pow seconded by Mr. Alderman Thomson.
from his gripe, I shall thenceforward estimate them as nothing short Mr. Brougham gave his most cordial approbation to many points in
miracle-mongers. (Loud laughter.) His present station, it is wi the Address, more particularly to what was said respecting commercial
known, the Noble and Learned Lord holds as an estate for life. T restrictions. In saying this, however, he could not forget that those very only question is, whether he is to appoint' his successor. By some principles of free trade, the good effects of which were now so much ad is supposed that he has actually appointed him, and that some of t mired, were unavailingly recommended to the House for successive long results of that appointment are to be applied to the uses of his will. I years by the Hon. Friends around him, and were treated with derision the Right Hon. Gent. say, he will resign, if the Catholic Question is and contempt by the men in office, who now at length made them the carried in the Cabinet; let the Noble and Learned Lord say, tt basis of our commercial code. Ministers had taken a leaf out of that he will resign if it is carried. The Catholic Question would be carrie black book of Opposition, which had for so long been treated as horrify. but the Noble and Learned Lord would retain his place. He wou ing. What a triumph to those who had advocated the once-vituperated behave with the fortitude which has distinguished him in the oth system of free trade, to see it not only reduced to practice, but actually instances in which he has been defeated; and the country would not made a topic of congratulation in the King's Speech! (Hear!) And deprived of the inestimable blessing of bis services. (A laugh.) T indeed not only the principle, but certain detailed modifications of the Speech talks of Associations ;-in the plural. That little letter s, is o restrictive system, which he himself had some years ago submitted to of the slyest introductions that Belial ever resorted to, in any sper the House, were now adopted by Ministers-(Mr. Brougham alluded para calculated to ticularly to the Navigation Laws and Silk Trade)-although he had been
- make the worse appear then blamed for his presumption, and warned never again to preach such
The better reason, to perplex and dash damnable heresies-(hear, hear!) He hoped at length experience would
Maturest counsels: for his thoughts are low.” induce Ministers to go on in this salutary course, and extend the same I am perfectly aware, Sir, by whom that s was added. I know the hat principle to the wine and coffee duties, which it was clearly proved writing. I know the reflection which passed through the mind of 1 yielded more to the revenue when they bore lighter on the people. He writer-I must put the word in the plural. It will then be considered gladly assented, also, to the recent acknowledgment of the South Ame applicable to Orange as to Catholic Associations, and the adversaries rican States--that tardy approach on the part of Government to more both will be conciliated. Let not that little letter s, kowever, deceita liberal principles. He would not dwell upon the effect which the feel single person. However it may be pretended to hold the balance er ings of the country, and above all the powerful and enlightened efforts between the Catholic and the Orange Associations, depend upon it that of his Learned Friend Sir James Mackintosh, had in producing the dila will be only a nominal equity. It will be like one of those " sub tory resolution of Government;—he would not minutely criticise their equities” so well known in the Court over which the Noble and Leart just share of praise: he only regretted that the principle had not been Lord to whom I have been alluding presides. Let the proposed meast extended to St. Domingo, where our interests more powerfully demanded be carried, and the Catholic Association will be strongly put down w it, that oppressed country having established its independence long be- | one hand, while the Orange Association will receive only a gentle fore Colombia or Buenos Ayres, and enjoyed it since in a more assured with the other." The Learned Gentleman proceeded to observe, that manner, becoming not only thriving but powerful. While, however, had attentively watched the proceedings of ihe Catholic Association, 1 liberal feelings were extended to distant countries, why were they denied he could discover nothing that they had either done or said, which co where interest, Lonour, duty, gratitude, most demanded them-namely, justify the charge against them in the Specch. That Association, to Ireland ? (Chcero.) Was liberal policy to be excluded only from that believed, had the hearty support of the Catholic Body in Ireland, of portion of the kingdom-were we never to render justice to the Irish millions of people, whose feelings and wishes it actually represented. people? The evasion of a divided Cabinet upon the Catholic Question attack it by act of Parliament, therefore, would be to attack the peop! could no longer be allowed--such divisions did not prevent other ques Ireland themselves. And how could that body be put down, with tions being carried, upon which there were differences in the Adminis- putting down hundreds of other associations, which held meetings *tration. The Right Hon. Gentleman opposite (Mr. Secretary Canning), raised subscriptions for all sorts of objects. How could those attack backed as he was by public opinion-backed by the Hon. Friends round Catholic Association who supported an Association to which the Duk him (Mr. B.) would have triumphed on the Catholic Question, even had Wellington was a subscriber--the Bridge-street Association? He we Te been obliged to leave office." (Cheers.) It used to be said, that scru give every possible opposition to the projected attack on the Cath ples existed in a high quarter, which deprived the Catholics of all hope, Association-a measure which appeared to him to be an enormous 1 Such language he (Mr. B.) always considered most unconstitutional and chief, bottomed in the grossest injustice, pregnant with the most actious: it was language which in the better times before Charles II. consequences, and in his opinion leading, sooner or later, to the severa would have brought the Ministers uttering it to the block. (Hear!) of the two kingdoms! (Hear, hear, heur!) ".There is not in this hou But ihank God ! such language could no longer be held. His Majesty's said Mr. Broughamn, “any man who more laments the fact than li opivion respecting religious liberty was proved by his conduct in a but so it is, that the peace of Ireland is secured by the Catholic Asso country where he acted, not through his Ministers, but directly as Sove- tion, and the Catholic Association alone. (Hear, hear!) Ireland i reign. He alluded to the Proclamation issued in December at Hanover, this moment tranquil; never were the laws of the land more reguli by its King, George the Fourth,-a Proclamation which merited the enforced, more cheerfully obeyed than at present. It is true that si highest praise, and which gave him no small delight. That wise and abuses are still complained of; yet such is the luxury of even an enlightened Proclamation declared a “ perfect equality of civil and polj. proach to an equal distribution of justice amongst these poor people, tical rights,” and abolished" the notion of a predominant and a merely they already feel comparatively happy. But is this feeling produced tolerated church.” It declared that “ All Christian religious communi- the Government of the country? I deny it; it would be but to cloak ties” (ALL. ;-the expression was not confined to Hanover; it was equally truth to make such an assertion-it is produced by the exertions of applicable to Ireland) “ bave a right to the unobstructed and free exer. Catholic Association. (Hear, hear!) The Association might no de cise of their religious worship.” Further than this no man would wish to be put down by statuie in 24 hours; but that measure would go. But why not apply to Ireland the principle thus wisely | shew the bad principle upon which Ministers acted, and their inatten applied to Hanover: Why would Ministers, in spite of this noble to the interests of Ireland. If they really desired to put down the A! example, persevere in their present offensive and unjust policy ? | ciation for ever, let them, instead of waging a war against six million The Catholic Association was the offspring of ministerial misgovernment: Catholics, announce that Catholic Emancipation would be granied if there was anything vehement in its spirit, or violent in its proceedings, and there would be an end of the Association. He should not take
blame not the Association, but those who gave rise to the Association. | sense of the House upon the Address, because many of his friends w - Why did not the friends of Catholic Emancipation in the Cabinet carry absent; but he had thought it his duty to declare his sentiments, e
that measure, as they had carried other measures opposed by the same liberating his mind from the guilty responsibility of an acquiescenci persons who opposed the Catholics? “ Are they afraid”-continued the measures alluded to in bis Majesty's Speech. (Loud cheors.) Mr. Brougham " that any of their colleagues would resign? Do they Mr. CANNING observed, that the Learned Gentleman, while he . think that one of their coadjutors, some man of splendid talents, of pro-proved certain parts of the Speech with no gracious approbation, foand learning, of unwearied industry, would give up his place? Do | demned other parts with no in condemnation. He (Mr. Candy
merly professed in regard to Catholic Emancipation, and should always distance in the advantages she would have thereby derived. " By this.' be ready to support it, when properly brought before Parliament; bút prudent and temperate policy,” continued the Right Hon. Secretary, “I' upon such a question he must surely be allowed to judge for himself: he trast that we have avoided all the dangers that might otherwise have must not be directed in his judgment by the Catholic Association for | encompassed such a proceeding. Do I pretend to conceal, that by this he most firmly believed, that if the dæmon of discord were to go abroad, step, we have hurt many feelings, that we have run counter to many inhe could not stir up a body of persons more injurious to the Catholic | terests-that we have shocked many prejudices—that we have caused cause than this self-called Catholic Association. (Hear, hear!)- The
many regrets--that we have excited much anger? It is true, that we Learned Gentleman ascribed all the tranquillity of Ireland to this Asso
have done so; I cannot deny it; but I entertain the most sanguine hope, ciation. He forgot the efforts made by that great and able statesman
that all these feelings will explode themselves in words, and that we the Marquis Wellesley; he forgot the even hand with which justice had
shall remain with our object gained, and at peace with all the world.”, been administered under the present Lord Lieutenant. “And how," | (Much cheering.). After some explanation in regard to the negociations continued Mr. Canning, “ how has the Association produced this tran
with the United States respecting the suppression of the Slave Trade, quillily? They said to the Catholics-We command you to be peace
and the extraordinary refusal of the American Sevate to ratify the ful, by the hatred which you bear to your Orange brethren. Is this treaty, otherwise complete, conceding the mutual right of search, -the Christian charity or Christian feeling Good God! is it not enough to Right Hon. Gentleman sat down amidst cheering. stamp for ever the character of the Association! To be in peace with I 'The Address was carried unanimously. your Protestant brethren by the hate you bear them! Is this the religii
Friday, February 4. ous principle on which Catholics act? If it be, I have been in a fatal
ADDRESS ON THE SPEECH. error in advocating their cause. (Cheors.) In the name of the Catholic When Lord Gower appeared with the Report respecting the address Body, then, I protest against the statement of the Learned Gentleman.” to the King, an animated conversation arose. Mr. HOBHOUSE made many. By putting down the Association, he felt he should rid the Catholics of judicious observations on the proposed address, protesting strongly an incubus by which they had been long oppressed, which rendered against some of its statements and doctrines. Alluding to the Catholic them unsightly to the view, and was likely to turn against them the face Association, the Hon. Gentleman asked, if it did not represent the senti-. of every man who did not wish to be bullied and brow-beaten into any ments of the Catholic people, who did represent them?and if it did not, set of opinious. The Learned Gentleman had asked, why a portion of why, in God's name, legislate against it? the Ministry, which had carried other questions, did not carry Catholic The CHANCELLOR of the ExcHEQUER defended the proposed increase Emancipation. He (Mr. Capning) denied the inference; he did not of the army, but denied tbat it was required for Ireland. believe an administration could be formed, in unison with the feeling of Col. PALMER made various spirited remarks on the measures of the country, which should be agreed in favour of that measure, though government and gave it as his confirmed opinion, that never did it he believed one could be so formed, which would be agreed against it. stand so degraded and despised in the eyes of Europe, as at this moment, "If,” continued the Right Hon. Secretary, “if I followed my Learned for it was composed of parties openly professing opposite principles,'. Friend's advice, and retired from the Cabinet, to give an opportunity for whose mutual jealousy and hatred were notorious to the whole country, the formation of such an administration, he would have the satisfaction and who literally agreed in nothing but to keep in place at the expence of ousting me; but he would not have the satisfaction of carrying the of their own honour and consistency. Col. Palmer also avowed his Catholic question." (Hear, hear!) He begged the House to reflect, supreme contempt for the Bible Societies, whether composed of knaves ; that the Address only pledged them to consider the means of putting or dupes, which; he said, were absurd and dangerous to the last degree ; dowo Associations, which the King described as irreconcilable with the and he called upon Ministers to " graciously permit” their own Sovereign spirit of the Constitution. There was nothing alarming in this pledge, I. to do that for the people of the United Kingdom which he had done for unless the House was prepared to say, that the Catholic Association, the people of Hanover ! according to the character given of it by the Learned Gentleman, pos | Sir John NEWPORT earnestly intreated Ministers not to enter upon a sessing an authority in Ireland, which supersedes all Government, system of restriction towards Ireland, which would bring ultimate ruin engrosses all allegiance, and exercises all power, ought to exist-ought upon the empire. (Cheers !) la sit beside the constituted authorities-nay, to tower above them, Mr. Peel contended, that to allow the Catholic Association to levy) and dictate imperiously what measures ought or ought not to be pur taxes on the people, was inconsistent either with sense or reason, and that sued. With respect to the other topics of the Speech, he certainly felt no Government could endure the establishment of such a deliberative more gratitude for aid received at various times from Members opposite, body. (Hear.) Mr. Peel defended the Lord Chancellor, declaring that than might be thought warranted by the Learned Gentleman's niggardly he would go down to posterity as the most consistent polițician that ever.' praise. The Learned Gentleman was no unfrequent speaker in this bald the great seal. (Hear, heat. ) House ; when he spoke, too, he was not exceedingly concise, but Mr. C. H. HUTCHINSON warmly and manfully defended the Catholic , touched upon many topics besides the matter in debate. Whenever Association, and maintained that there was notbing valuable in our con• Ministers made any change, therefore, it might appear that they bor stitution, that had not been obtained by similar Associations. (Hear.).. rowed from him ; he always laid claim to it; he was always ready to The system adopted, was adding insult to injury, and he cautioned Mi-, exclaim-That is my measure-mine is the merit ofinvention-your's only | nistors not to proceed in it. the toil of execution. “ He reminds me," proceeded Mr. Canning, “ of Sir T. LETHBRIDGE (though a Bridge-street Gang Member) expressed , a great critic, and a would-be great poet in the reign of Queen Anne, of his delight that the Ministers were going to extinguish the Catholic Assothe name of Dennis, who maintained that he wrote all the good playsciation ! brought out; and when he went to the theatre he regularly laid claim to Lord NUGENT very pertinently asked. if the Catholic Association were , them. One night a tragedy was represented in which was a storm ;
storm; now declared illegal, why, when the Constitutional Association was in Depois had previously asserted that he was the author of the tragedy, being, was there no attempt to put it down by law? What pretence bad . but his claim was very modestly denied by the real author, who chanced
the ministers of the crown for countenancing the transactions of that illegal, to sit near him; and when the storm coinmenced, Dennis flew into a
nto a assembly? Why were not the secretary and the leading members at least : passion almost as violent as the storm, and insisted that if it were not his |
subjected to a prosecution by the law officers of the crown? Alluding tragedy, it most assuredly was bis thunder.-(Cheers and laughter.) Now, the pretensions of the Learned Gentleman seem to me exactly of tholics of Great Britain were disposed to concur in every respect with the
to the Catholics generally, his lordship said, he believed that the Ca. the same kind; and hereafter it will be impossible for any administration sever liberally disposed, to confer any benefit on the country, or to do
feeling and spirit evinced by the Catholic Association of Ireland. . any act tbat excites loud approbation and makes a great noise, without
Mr. Denman followed in the same spirit, and he strongly opposed a De Honourable and Learned Gentleman laying claim to it as his thun
system of coercion towards Ireland, which, as it would begin in injustice, der." (Hear, hear!) The Learned Gentleman gave only a qualified
must end in ruin! approbation to the recognition of the South American States: he argued
Mr. R. Martin concluded, that the Catbolic Association did represent that it ought to have taken place sooner. Now if there' was anything
the general feeling of Ireland. conected with this subject, upon which he (Mr. Canning) took pride to
Sir. H. Parnell and Mr. FitzGERALD were of the same opinion. bir self, it was the time chosen for this acknowledgment. He hoped to
Mr. Hums maintained, that he had never before seen Ministers so depersuade the House, that that measure could not have been adopted with
graded as they were by the course they were about to adopt, for they propriety at an earlier period. The three states in question were Buenos
could not, though called upon, prove the truth of the assertions they had Ayres, Colombia, and Mexico. It was true, that for many years there
put into his Majesty's speech. The Catholic Association had a most had been no Spanish soldier on the territory af Buenos Ayres; but yet it
jaudable and legal object; and if he were a Catholic he would say that was only very lately that the 13 or 14 provinces of which that Stale con
the oppressions to which they had been exposed could only be borne to a berted, bad been united by a federal government. In regard to Colombia,
certain extent, beyond which resistanee became a duty. This was no Lat state had thought right, as soon as it had expelled the last Spanish new doctrine in that house, where the members or their ancestors had. *pops, to risk its separate existence by engaging the larger part of its professed and triumphantly pre
professed and triumphantly practised it. He had no doubt that is coercion, any in Peru; and until the late successes of that army (of which Minis such as had been carried on, should be continued, resistance must be the & bad now full information) were known, to have acknowledged the consequence. cxplete independence of Colombia would have been contrary to the
Sir C. Forbes alluded to the war in India, which, unless speedily con. The case of Mexico was still clearer. Only nine months ago, the cluded, would, he said, shake our empire there to its foundation. . . aivedturer Iturbide went from England, to attempt to regain his abdi Mr. Wynn promised some information on this topic at an early day. cated crown. Could this country have interfered until that attempt was Mr. HEYGATB approved of the intended proceedings against the Catho- . Creded? But the moment it was decided, Mexico was recognized. We lic Association. Ladronaatodu afford to Snoin the procedonio he r
bal Thaadduce was modeundhanrasented on Mondav! and Mr. GOL
Bill to amend the law respecting Illegal Associations. Mr. BROUGHAM to our policy. This the King's Speech denies; but the commentary protested against this burry, and moved that the house be called over of Mr. CANNING fully accedes to the bitterness of despotic feeling ibis day fortnight, for the second reading ; which was at length agreed to. produced by this reasonable and well-timed measure. The contest
among the emigrant claimants in the forty millions sterling of renuFROM THE LONDON GAZETTES.
neration for the losses by the revolution, which has roused up Tuesday, February 1.
myriads of sufferers, and of sufferings, goes near to threaten the WHITEHALL, Jan. 30.-The King has been pleased to appoint Sir smotbering of poor M. VILLELE. These demands will form a very Charles Montolieu Lamb, Bart, to the office of Knight Marshal of the
curious subject of investigation. Household, and of the Marshalsea of the Household of His Majesty, and of His Majesty's heirs and successors, in the room of Sir James Bland
Letters and papers have been received from Bogota (Columbia) Lamb, Bart. deceased.
to the 29th Nov.; and from Carthagena to the 17th Dec.; all was BANKRUPT.
tranquil, and the general expectation was, that the Peruvian conflict G. B. Clark, New Shoreham, Sussex, brewer. Solicitors, Messrs. Hi)- would terminate in negociation. An extract of all the commercial lier and Lewis, Middle Temple-lane.
laws of Columbia has been transmitted by the British ConsulSaturday, February 5.
General; a species of information which is at this moment of great BANKRUPTS.
importance, S. Grocock, Compton-street, Soho, tallow-chandler. Solicitor, Mr. Colonially, we have to notice the arrival of Jamaica papers to the Sleap, Middle Temple-lane.
28th Dec. inclusive. The island is tranquil, and the House of E. Tooth, Hastings, Sussex, haberdasher. Solicitor, Mr. Cranch, Union
Assembly, while they decline to carry into effect the new regulations court, Broad-street. W. Goodhall and J. Birchinhall, Titherington, near Macclesfield, cotton
of Government, have however passed some Acts to ameliorate the spinners. Solicitors, Messrs. Bell and Broderick, Bow Church-yard.
condition of the Slaves; among which are—“An Act for removing J. Windett, Norwich, grocer. Solicitors, Messrs. Taylor and Roscoe,
Impediments to the Manumission of Slaves by Owners having only King's-Bench-walk.
a limited interest;" and one to protect the Negroes on Saturday, and J. Levy, Southampton, grocer. Solicitor, Mr. Luxmore, Red Lion- | free them from all impediments as to worship and labour on Sunday. square, Holborn.
It is remarkable that these papers contain nothing that can be called R. Moseley, Goulston-square, Whitechapel, glass-merchant. Solicitor, news of the progress of affairs in Peru.
Mr. Norton, Whitecross-street. T. Draper, White-street, Southwark. Solicitor, M. Rushbury, Carthusian-street, Charterhouse-square.
The Speech delivered on Thursday is certainly more explicit than J. Saunders, Holland-street, 'Southwark, bacon dryer. Solicitor, Mr. usual, -an improvement for which we doubtless have to thank the Hutchinson, Crown-court, Threadneedle-street.
annual lesson read by the American President. Nor have we much to E. Jones, Newington-causeway, Surrey, linen-draper. Solicitor, Mr. object against its general topics, as Mr. BROUGHAM has already so Leigh, Charlotte-row, Mansion-house.
ably remarked on the extreme self-complacency with which Ministers C. Shuttleworth, Birmingham, cabinet-maker. Solicitors, Messrs. Bax
take credit for the fruits of those more liberal commercial principles, ter and Heming, Gray's Inn-place.
the adoption of which has been forced upon them by their ParliaM. Nathan, George-street, Adelphi, bill-broker. Solicitor, Mr. Lewis, Charlotte-street, Fitzroy-square.
mentary opponents, after years of fruitless importunity. All these 0. Turner, Chaucery-lane, stationer. Solicitor, Mr. Cope, Wilson-street,
matters, however, sink into insignificance, in comparison with the Gray's lon-road.
all-important question of Ireland, regarding which Ministers appear T. Hughes, Speldhurst-street, Burton Crescent, draper. Solicitors, resolved rather to destroy the existing tranquillity than to be indebted Messrs. Bartlett and Beddome, Nicholas-lane, Lombard-street.
for it to the Catholic leaders. We do not believe the proposed supC. Chambers, Southampton-row, Russell-squarc, mercer. Solicitors, pression of the Association has Mr. CANNING's concurrence, although Messrs. Cooke and Wright, Lincoln's Inn-fields.
the Right Hon. Placeman defended it in the House of Commons; we J. Grimwood, Hoxton, carpenter. Solicitors, Messrs. Jones and Bland, do not believe that Minister imbued with so vile a spirit, that he will Great Mary-la-bonne-street.
not allow Ireland to be tranquil, because the Irish have shewn that T. T. De Lasaux, Canterbury, porter-merchant. Solicitor, Mr. Howard,
they will rather follow the advice of their friends than the commands of Cook's-court, Lincoln's lon.
their oppressors. What a monstrous stretch of wilful power is this!
Experience has proved, that the Irish will not remain orderly and THE FUNDS.- The King's Speech, taken simply according to the text,
submissive at the stern voice of the faction that lords it over them: was not of a nature to depress Consols, but the commentary of Mr. Canning, implying the exceeding discontent of certain of the Continental
and now, when a body of Catholic Gentlemen are associated for the Courts at our recognition of the American Republics, has slightly affected express object of securing the protection of the law, and obtaining the the home market. As to the various Companies, the double fire of the more extensive aid of the press, in behalf of their suffering countryChancellor's announcement in the House of Lords, and the dictum of men ;-when this body, as the very basis of its exertions, succeeds in Chief-Justice Abbott, in relation to the new speculation generally, is persuading the poor Irish to discontinue their hopeless outrages, and producing an amazing declension. Now, if such be the law, why allow look only 10 constitutional means of relief,—then the Government
bubble to proceed, to the immense loss of individuals, when a calls upon Parliament to interfere and put down the Association, besimple declaratory proclamation, under an order in Council, might at cause it exercises (to good results ! a greater influence over the peoonce prevent it? But in truth our law is so uncertain and anomalous, Ministers know as little as other people, until they formally consult the
ple than the lawful rulers possess ! The spirit of this wicked design Law Officers, who not unfrequently differ from one another.
seems to be precisely this :-“ We cannot keep the Irish people
The following quotations will spare further comment:
orderly and tranquil-therefore you (the Association) shall not have Consols 934 ! New 4 per Cents. 1057 6
the credit of so doing.” Mr. Canning talks, in a style of absurd Reduced, 941 Consols for Account 93% *
exaggeration, of the Association possessing power paramount to that 3 per Cents. Reduced 1014 1 PRICES OF FOREIGN STOCKS YESTERDAY.
of the Government, and “ dictating what measures shall and what Austrian Bonds, 97}
Colombian Bonds 1824, for Acc. 914 shall not be adopted.” The Association possesses none of the powers Ditto Account, 973
2 14 2
of government; it is a confusion of ideas to assert it; all it possesses Brazilian Bonds, 88%
Greek Bonds, 5748 74'
is an influence with the people, exactly proportioned to its virtuous Ditto for 1825, 41 pr. Mexican Bonds, 81 2 2 2
and wise conduct, an influence which, considering the character and Buenos Ayres Bonds, 912} Peruvian Bonds, 83
interests of its members, and the publicity of its proceedings, is sure Ditto Account, 92
Portuguese Bonds, 891
to produce (as has already been seen) important good, with no chance Colombian Bonds, 921
Ditto Account, 97}
of intermixing serious evil. To strike down this Association by the Ditto Account, 92}
Spanish Consols, 22
wilful arm of power, is a reckless and cruel proceeding, which Mr.
bottomed in the grossest injustice, pregnant with the most fatal conseTHE EXAMINER.
quences, and leading, sooner or later, to the severanceof the two king
doms!" LONDON, Feb. 6, 1825.
We shall see shortly, whether the proposed attack on the Associa
tion is to be accompanied with any measure to conciliate the CathoThe foreign news of the past week has been exceedingly scanty lics: if not, it will be indeed a fearful outrage upon the feelings and beyond the relative fact, that a Spanish Minister has arrived in London rights of six millions of ill-used people. Yet it seems difficult to see to remonstrate with Government against our recognition of the South how the question of “ Emancipation" can now be evaded, after the American Republics. From the Continent there is nothing of im- late capital proclamation of his HANOVERIAN MAJESTY, regarding portance, unless we except the conjecture of the French papers, in which the reader will not fail to observe, although Mr. BROUGHAM relation to the temper of the despotic Courts at the same event. They made so eloquent a use of it, Ministers and their adherents did not