Fears and Symbols: An Introduction to the Study of Western Civilization

Capa
Central European University Press, 2001 - 317 páginas
An encyclopedic study on the role that fear and anxiety have played as the organizing motives of human existence and social life. Hankiss explains how human beings have surrounded themselves with protective symbols: myths and religions, values and belief systems, ideas and scientific theories, moral and practical rules of behaviour, and a wide range of everyday rituals and trivialities.
 

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Índice

Why Have We Forgotten the Victims?
152
Notes
154
THE WORLD OF GUILT
157
The Price of Guilt
159
The Religion of Guilt
161
A Pilgrim on Earth
162
The Philosophy of Guilt
164
The Politics of Guilt
165

The Genesis of Culture
19
Existential Problems
24
Psychology
26
Experimental Psychology
28
Civilization and Fear
29
Terror Management Theory
32
Fear and Civilization
34
Notes
37
THE WORLD OF SYMBOLS
47
The Apollonian Strategy
48
301665722 Angels
50
Symbols Myths Civilizations
53
The Symbolic Animal
54
Defense Mechanisms
55
The Premature Animal
57
The Angel of Death
58
The Social Enterprise of World Building
60
Collapse and Regeneration
61
Freedom and Anxiety
63
The Loss of Symbols
64
Notes
66
AN ALIEN WORLD?
69
Is This Our World?
71
Incompatibilities
73
Killing Fields
76
Human Beings
77
Will Butterflies Survive Us?
78
Do We Need Space Suits in New York or Rome?
79
Pain and Suffering
80
The Four Jungles
81
The Physical Jungle
82
The Jungle in Our Souls
83
The Metaphysical Jungle
84
The Experience of the Alien World
85
Notes
87
THE GARDEN OF EDEN
91
A Revolution in Reverse
93
Where Is the Center If There Is One?
94
God or Satan?
95
Consecration
96
Paradise
98
The Fortress of Innocence
99
Sacred Mountains
100
From the Garden to the City
101
The Cross of Christ and the Skull of Adam
102
The Garden
103
The Enchanted Garden
105
Notes
108
THE IMAGE OF THE WORLD
113
Imago mundi
114
The City
116
The City and Its Archetypes
117
The Temple and the Cathedral
119
The Gate of Heaven
121
Arabesque
123
Light
124
The Automobile
125
The Shopping Mall
127
Transcendental Carnival
129
The Realm of the Devil
131
The Negative Myth
132
Notes
134
THE MORAL UNIVERSE
137
Exorcism
138
Rationalization
140
Evil in the Bible
142
Evil Does Not Exist
143
Satan
146
Evil Condensed
147
Gods Devil
149
The Apocalypse
150
The Transformation of Evil
151
Show Trials
166
Hidden Values
167
Double Bind
169
The Psychology of Guilt
171
Eros and Ananke
172
Eros and Thanatos
173
The Boiling Cauldron of Guilt
175
Guilt without Culture
176
An Innocent Society?
177
Notes
179
THE RATIONAL WORLD
181
Prometheus versus Apollo
183
Reason and Meaning
185
The Kingdom and the Darkness
187
The Meaning of Life
189
Reason and Morality
192
Reason and Uncertainty
195
The Wisdom of Uncertainty
198
The World Does Not Speak
199
Notes
201
THE WORLD OF BEAUTY
205
Horror and Beauty
207
Tragedy
209
Romeo and Juliet and the Happy Ending
211
Desdemonas Handkerchief
212
Catharsis
213
Notes
216
THE WORLD OF PLAY
219
Under the Sign of Play
220
Not All Is Play
221
Dont Kiss the Engine Daddy
222
A World of Innocence
224
Chance and Cherries
225
The Paradox of Freedom
227
Soccer
228
The Ball
229
Dionysus versus Apollo
230
American Football
232
Play as World Symbol
233
Creation through Play
235
The Loss of Play
237
Frivolity and Ecstasy
239
Appendix
240
Notes
242
THE WORLD OF JOKES
245
Are Jokes Trivial?
246
Freud and Jokes
248
The Comic Destruction of Reality
250
The Destruction of Logic
251
The Destruction of Causality
253
A Clowns Leap into Freedom
255
Flirting with the Alien World
256
Laughter and Terror
258
Notes
259
THE WORLD OF TRIVIALITIES
261
Creation and Plenitude
263
Icarian Symbolism
264
Spirituality and Sensuality
265
Sensuality and Love
266
Escape from Time and Mortality
267
Escape from Everyday Life
268
The Epiphany of Personality
269
Delusion or Creation?
270
Notes
271
SYMBOLS AND CIVILIZATION
275
Can Symbols Protect Us?
276
Constructs
277
A Brilliant Construct?
279
Notes
281
BIBLIOGRAPHY
283
INDEX
299
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