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Real estate. Personal estate.

£ 8. d. £ 8. d. £ . d. Jonathan Watsen . . .

0 6 0 0 4 9 0 0 4 Thomas Dill . . . 0 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 Jonathan Polly . . . 0 3 0 1 0 2 4 0 0 4 Jonathan Tufts . . .

0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Stephen Patten..

0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Eliot Patten . . . 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 William Hall . . .

0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Edward Hall i. 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 John Elder . . . .

0 3 0 : 0 2 4 1 0 0 4 William Pelam. ... 0 3 0 0 2 4 0 0 4 William Waite . . . .

0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Deacon Jacob Parker

0 3 0 0 2 4 1 0 0 0 Thomas Graves . . .

0 3 0 0 3 6 1 0 1 3 Ebenezer Tufts ' . . 1 0 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Thomas Brooks . . 1 0 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 John Fillebrown.

0 0 0 Richard Martin . .

0 3 0 0 4 1 0 0 5 Jonathan Tomson .

0 3 0 0 4 1 1 0 0 4 Edward Oakes ..

0 3 0 0 12 10 1 0 3 1 Caleb Brooks . . . .

0 3 0 0 1 3 0 0 0 Matthew Ellis ... 0 0 0 0 3 4 1 0 5 8 Abner Harris . , : 0 0 0 0 3 6 1 0 0 5 Jonathan Tufts . . . 0 0 0 0 3 9 0 0 0 James Wright . . . 0 0 0 0 0 11 0 0 0 James Tufts . . . . 0 0 0 0 3 10 0 0 0 Joseph Wright . . . .

0 0 0 0 0 11 0 0 0 William Symmes . . .

0 0 0 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 Joseph Damon ... 0 0 0 0 0 5 1 0 0 0 Jonathan Dunster ... 0 0 0 0 4 8 1 0 0 0 Henry Dunster ... 0 0 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 David Dunster . . .

0 0 0 0 4 8 1 0 0 0 Jacob Wayman . . .

0 0 0 0 0 10 0 0 0 Samuel Francis . .. 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 Samuel Page . . .

0 0 0 1 0 0 10 1 0 0 0 Widow Mary Tufts . .

0 0 0 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 John Francis . . .. 0 6 0 0 9 11 10 2 10 Benjamin Parker . . . 0 3 0 0 10 6 1 0 0 7 Richard Sprague . . . 1 0 6 0 1 0 5 1 0 0 10 Joseph Tomson . . . .

0 6 0 0 4 1 0 0 4 Samuel Brooks, jun. . . 0 3 0 1 0 4 8 0 3 7

Total, ninety-eight persons. As a specimen of the town expenses and tax for one year, let us take 1747. They are as follows (old tenor): – Balance due the town from last account . . . . . £41 5 3 Whole town-tax for 1747 . . . . . . . . . . 490 14

. . 490 14 4

4 £531 19 7

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i Treasurer paid, during the year 1747, by orders from

said town . . . . . . . . . . . . . £431 15 11 Balance due from treasurer . . . . . . . . . 100 3 8

Errors excepted. Pr.

JOSEPH TUFTS, I Cor.mittee.

Thomas Brooks, June 5, 1753, the General Court laid a tax on coaches, chariots, chaises, calashes, and riding-chairs. Medford, in 1754, had 1 chariot, 7 chaises, and 31 chairs. Cambridge, during the same time, had 9 chaises and 36 chairs. Woburn had 2 chaises and 9 chairs. Malden had 2 chaises and 20 chairs.

During the revolutionary struggle, debts were accumulated to vast amounts; and, on the 26th February, 1781, the Legislature stated, that £950,000, specie value, were needed to meet the annual current expenditures, £320,000 of which were to be discharged by taxes. At such a time, when parsimony would have been crime, as timidity would have been treason, our patriotic ancestors marched nobly forward, as their prompt payment of the following taxes testify. In 1781, Medford paid £1,177. 10s.; in 1786, £1,016. 58.; in 1791, £88. 6s. 11d. Ratable polls in Medford (1784) were 223.

List of occupiers of houses, in 1798, who are taxed for more than $100:Samuel Albree.

Thomas Brooks. Asa Adams.

S. Buel and Augustus Hunt. Benjamin Hovey.

Thomas Bradshaw. Benjamin Teal.

Andrew Blanchard. Caleb Brooks.

Timothy Newell. John Bishop.

Hezekiah Blanchard, jun. Abigail Bishop.

Ruth Benford. Samuel Swan.

Jonathan Brooks. Ebenezer Thompson.

William Bradbury. Nathan Wait.

Francis Burns. Thomas Bradshaw, jun.

Marah Billings. Nathaniel Mead.

Hezekiah Blanchard. Zachariah Shed.

David Bucknam. Leonard Bucknam.

John Chadwick. Spencer Bucknam.

John Cutter John Bacon.

Miles S. Wilson. Abigail Brooks and Rufus Frost. | Jonathan Dunham. John Brooks and Mary Patten. Aaron Crowell. John Brooks.

William Earl. Jethro Townsend.

Deborah Francis. Caleb Brooks, jun.

| Sarah Fulton.

Henry Fowle.

Jonathan Porter. Benjamin Floyd.

Isaac Pratt. Benjamin Floyd, jun.

Thomas Hewes. Isaac Floyd.

Benjamin Reed. John Fowl.

Peter Tufts. Gardner Greenleaf.

James Tufts. Isaac Greenleaf.

G. Williams & Dan. Farrington. Edmund T. Gates.

William Bucknum. Ebenezer Hall.

Sam. Hall and John Greenleaf. Nathl. Hall and Susan Patten. J. Bannister & Luoy Pritchard. Willis Hall.

Jeduthan Richardson. Abigail Hadley.

Joshua Symonds. Samuel Hadley.

John Symmes. Benjamin Hall.

Josiah Symmes. Benjamin Hall, jun.

Ebenezer Symonds. Ephraim Hall.

Thomas Savel. Andrew Hall.

Daniel Symonds. John B. Fitch.

Samuel Thompson.
And. Blanchard and A. Winship. Samuel Teal.
Timothy Dexter.

Samuel Teal.
Caleb and Simon Blanchard. Samuel Tufts, jun.
Jane Hall.

Abigail Tarbutt.
Ebenezer Hall, jun.

Benjamin Tufts.
John Blanchard & James Floyd. Gershom Tufts.
Tab. Blanchard & J. Gleason. Benjamin Tufts, jun.
Ebenezer Hall, 4th.

Jacob Tufts.
Samuel Coverly.

Hutchinson Tufts. Richard Hall.

Peter Tufts. Parker and Watson.

Isaac Tufts. Joseph Pratt.

Daniel Tufts. J. Pratt and M. Tufts.

Jonathan Tufts. Jos. P. Hall.

Ebenezer Tufts. Stephen Hall.

James Tufts. Thomas Hadley.

Gershom Teal. James Convers.

Watts Turner. Jonas Dixon.

Hutchinson Tufts, jun. Duncan Ingraham.

Eleazer Usher. John C. Jones.

Nathaniel Watts. John Walker and Jos. Tysick. Ebenezer Williams. Joanna Kidder.

Isaac Warren. Samuel Kidder.

Gardner Greenleaf. Abner Peirce.

Joseph Wyman. Thomas Learned.

James Wyman. William Lowder.

John Wade. John Leathe.

Convers Francis. Jude Symonds.

John Mead and John Williams. David Osgood.

- Webster. Josiah Polly.

Joseph Wyman.

Benj. Pratt and — Brown. John Hall and Joseph Tufts.
Isaac Greenleaf and H. Popkins. Francis Wait.
John Wright.

James Kidder.
Jonathan Godden.

The inhabitants occupied one hundred and thirty-six houses, which were valued at $74,032.80; making an average value of $544 each. The town valuation of all other property was $160,116.60. Taxes were assessed on 4,603 acres of land.

We may close these tables of taxes by inserting the State valuation tables for seven decades, from 1790 to 1850 inclusive. Medford stands thus : In 1790, its State valuation was $9,441.68; in 1800, $15,036,08; in 1810, $26,311.19; in 1820, $30,507.84; in 1830, $931,050; in 1840, $1,095,195.31; in 1850, real estate, $1,212,551.50; personal, $915,919. In these same years, Cambridge stands thus: In 1790, $25,291.63; in 1800, $32,329.67; in 1810, $30,477.35 ; in 1820, $61,828.88; in 1830, $1,732,048 ; in 1840, $4,479,501.43. Woburn, in 1790: $11,070.32; in 1800, $11,698.27; in 1810, $13,172.63 ; in 1820, $16,490.54 ; in 1830, $455,030; in 1840, $687,388.09. Malden, in 1790: $7,486.81; in 1800, $11,932; in 1810, $15,858.34; in 1820, $19,622 ; in 1830, $360,878; in 1840, $586,136.15.

These tables of taxes prove how Medford, from small beginnings, gradually increased in numbers and wealth. There was never any sudden development of its resources, but a steadily increasing use of its natural advantages. Its march became more and more rapid as we approach the nineteenth century, when its increase and prosperity were equal to any town in the State.

As the records of the first forty years of the town are lost, we have hunted in every crevice and corner to find representative facts belonging to that period; and, after availing of each fragmentary tradition, we have fixed on the taxes assessed by the General Court and county, as indicating with most precision the ability and condition of the earliest settlers; and, having discovered their ability and condition, it is not difficult to imagine their labors, habits, and advancement. We have thus taken the taxes as our lighthouse, to guide us along the unmapped coast of our new settlement.

In the record of taxes, one occasionally finds strange facts. Here is one: “ June 27, 1695. As an unusual requisition, females who earned a livelihood were taxed each two shil

lings, being half what the males were assessed a head, in the tax of this date."

In our town-records we find the following notices side by side: '“May 5, 1750: Voted to abate Thomas Brooks, jun.'s rates ( £4. 13s. 4d., old tenor), he being not of age.” “ Voted to abate Lieutenant Stephen Hall's rates for his head (£3. 58., old tenor), he being very old.” In our earliest history, when the inhabitants had raised a certain sum in advance, two men, Nathan Lyon and Roger Scott, who had contributed their share, soon after moved out of town. At the next town-meeting, it was unanimously voted to refund to these men what they had paid.

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MAP.

Oct. 13, 1853: The town voted to authorize the selectmen to treat with Mr. Henry F. Walling, of Boston, concerning a complete map of Medford. This skilful engineer engaged to furnish one for $750. It is now just finished; and must give entire satisfaction, both as to its accuracy and beauty. Its size is thirty by thirty-seven inches, and its scale eight inches to a mile. It shows the entire town at one glance; while it gives correctly the topography, the hills, woods, streams, ponds, streets, mills, stores, dwellings, churches, &c.; it gives the names of each householder in the place of his residence; it represents all the real estate of the town, and shows the number of square feet in each lot. This last fact will enable the assessors to apportion the tax more justly than they otherwise could, and will guide commissioners in laying out roads. The map is accompanied by eleven other maps or sections, on a scale of two hundred feet to an inch, on sheets of twenty-six to thirty-nine inches, and are bound together in an atlas. Should a copy of this map be preserved through two hundred years, it would then probably show that not even one lot of land would be possessed by any descendants of its present owner.

POST-OFFICE

By examination of the books rescued from the fire of 1836 at Washington, it appears that the first office esta

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