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the church inviting Mr. Bentley to be its pastor. The Rev. W. B. Davis asked the “usual quesfiors," which Mr. Bentley answered in a highly atisfactory manner. The Rev. E. H. Delf offered n the ordination prayer.

The Rev. S. G. Green, B.A., President of Rawdon College (Mr. Bentley's late tutor), then ascended the pulpit,

od delivered a powerful charge to the young minister from Matt. xii. 52. After the morning Arrice there was a dinner at the Corn Exchange, which the Rev. E. H. Delf presided, and at vich addresses were delivered by the Revs. S. G. Green, B.A., H, S. Brown, J. J. Brown, C. Vince, W. B. Davis, J. Sibree, W. A. Salter, T. A. Binns, 1. Bentley, and others. The evening sermon was preached by the Rev. H. S. Brown, from Acts 1. 47 The congregations were good, and the whole series of services went off remarkably well, and augured well for the subsequent happiness

, both of the people and pastor of St.

MIDDLESBOROUGH

-ON- TEES. The Baptist church under the pastorate of the Rev. w. Bontems celebrated the seventh anniversary of the formation of the church, and the first of the settlement of the minister, on the 4th, oth, and 6th of September. The services were conducted by the Rev. G. V. Barker, of Sunderland, and the Rev. J. P. Chown, of Bradford, who delivered a lecture in the same place, after a public tea-meeting, on the Monday, and preached on the Tuesday in the Independent chapel. In a brief report of the condition and prospects of the cause, it was stated that the church consists of about fifty members, nearly all of the working class, and that the Sunday-schools

contain about 100 children; that the circumstances of the church and of the large and rapidly increasing population, squire a suitable place for worship and instruction; that a site for chapel and school-room has been seured, and plans for the building prepared and approved ; that the anticipated

cost, including the site, is about £1,200, towards which £450 has been subscribed, of which sum about $300 has been contributed in Middlesborough, £70 in Newcastle, £90 in the West Riding, and £30 in the neighbourhood of Berwick ; and that help from urrently needed for the sake of the church and

Ble multitudes around.

WATCHET,

on

In

SOMERSET.-The Baptist chapel, and titister's residence adjoining, in this place having uttergone extensive alterations and repairs, the

tapel was re-opened for Divine service Stinesday, 7th of September, when a sermon was

Hacked in the morning by the Rev. J. Leechman, L.D.

, of Bath, formerly of Hammersmith. e afternoon a public meeting was held, when ristor of the church, gave an interesting sketch of

chairman, the Rev. S. Sutton, the former the church's history since its commencement, and

e treasurer to the building-fund, Mr. S. W. Williams, then read a very gratifying statement of kances. The meeting was afterwards addressed

James Sully, Esq., of Bridgewater; and the Sems

. W. H. Fuller, Minehead; S. Pearce, Crewme; C. Williams (Wesleyan), Willston; Dr. lethman, and J. Mills, Stogumber. A numerous asion

, and in the evening a sermon was preached the Rev. W. Guest, of Taunton. On the follow

services in connection with the recognition of the Rev. George S. Reaney, late of Regent's-park College, were held at Falmouth, on Tuesday, August 23rd. In the morning, at eleven o'clock, after reading the Scriptures, and prayer by the Rev. Mr. Fowler (Wesleyan), the Rev. G. Wilson, of Helston, delivered the introductory address, and proposed the usual questions, which were appropriately answered. The Rev. J. Allen, M.A. (Independent), then offered the ordination prayer, immodiately after which the Rev. T. C. Page, of Plymouth, gave a solemn charge to the minister, founded on Eph. iv. 12. In the afternoon, after the dinner was over, which had been provided in the schoolroom, several fraternal addresses were de livered by the Rev. Messrs. Fowler, Allen, Page, Barnett, of Birmingham, Wilshire of Penzance, Reaney, and Messrs. Bond and Gutheridge, and J. D. Freeman. In the evening, after devotional ser vices conducted by the Rev, Mr. Page (supplying at Truro), the Rev. J. Wilshire delivered a discourse to the church from 1 Thess. iii. 8, and closed the services of the day with prayer. The meetings were well attended, and very interesting throughout.

ACCRINGTON.-On Wednesday evening, September 14th, the presentation of three memorials and several purses of gold (amounting in the aggregate to £150 12s. 40.) to the Rev. Charles Williams, who is about to leave for Southampton, took placó in a small room of the Peel Institution, Accrington. There were about a dozen persons present. J. Es Lightfoot, Esq., was voted to the chair; and the first presentation (from persons of various religious denominations) was made by him. Tye second presentation (from the church and congregation meeting in Blackburn-road Chapel, and from other friends in the county) was made in appropriate and affectionate terms by Mr. G. Marshall, a deacon of the church, and by Mr. L. Whittaker. The third presentation (from the Young Men's Association) was made by Mr. J. Barnes. AN these presentations were kindly and appropriately acknowledged by Mr. Williams. The Rev. M. Lewis, Mr. Rhodes, and Mr. Berry also delivered addresses. We understand that previously to the above meeting taking place, the young ladies of Mr. Williams's congregation presented to him & handsome and costly album, containing many of their portraits.

ILFRACOMBE.On Tuesday, September 13th, the Rev. J. Edelsten Taylor, late of Bristol College, was publicly recognized as pastor of the Baptist church, High-street, Ilfracombe. The Rev. E. Webb, of Tiverton, read the Scriptures and prayed, The Rev. G. Waterman, M.A., gave a short statement of Nonconformist views, and asked the usual questions. The ordination prayer was offered by the Rev. F. W. Gotch, LL.D., Resident tutor of Bristol College, who also delivered an impressivo pastoral charge, founded on 1 Cor. iv. 2. Luncheon and tea were provided in the Independent schoolroom, kindly lent for the occasion, which was tastefully decorated by the ladies of the Baptist congregation. In the evening, an intere esting meeting was held, P. Adams, Esq., of Plyu mouth, presiding. Able addresses to the church and congregation were given by the Revs. E. Webb, of Tiverton; T. Aston Binns, of Warwick; F. Clarke (Wesleyan); W. Davey, of Comba martin; B. Price (Free Church); and G. Waterman, M.A. (Independent). The pastor then closed with a short address and prayer. DRAKE

- STREET CHAPEL, ROCHDALE, This chapel, under the ministry of the Rev, A. Pitt, after undergoing extersive alterations, was re

preached, in the soming by the Rev. P. W. Ramsden, of Dunster, and in the evening by the Rev. C. O. Morris, of PALMOUTI, CORNWALL.-A series of interesting

Bunday sermons

were

Keldgewater.

opened on Thursday August 4th, and Sunday, was provided in the assembly-room of the August 7th; ten sermons were preachid bytue | Exchange, when upwards of 250 were pres Revs. C. M. BuretW.F.,Burchell, of lackpe On the following Sunday' two sermons y and E. C. Lew of 'Rochdale on Saturday preached by W. Heaton, Esq., of London. chapel, when addresses were delivered by the 400 to 450. The cost will be about £900, and Revs. 'G. Marsha B.A.E. C. Lewis; H. W. amountalready raised is about £500. Parkinson ; L. Şeation ; W.M.Fox R! Eardley, B.A.; A. Pitt; Messrs. John Ashworth, W.J. Hall,

HARLOW, EssĚX.-On Tuesday, August 231 and T. Watson. The attendance on each occasion

public meeting was held in the Baptist cha was large, and all the services deeply fifteresting.

Harlow, in connection with the resignation of The interior of the, chapel, has undergone a

Rer. f. R. Stevenson, who for upwards of t1 thorough transformation. The chapel is now com

years has filled tho pastorate of the church modious and capacious. The entire cost is £600,

Shipping thore. The chair was taken by Cha of which £505 have been raised. H. Kelsall,

Barnard, Esq., of Harlow Bury, and addre Esq., with his accustomed liberality, is building a

expressive of esteem and sympathy toward large, handsome, two-storied school-room which

Stevenson were delivered by the Rev.F. Edwa will cost $1,200, situated behind the chapel.

B.A., of Harlow; W. Cuthbertson, of Bish

Stortford ; J. Wood, of Sawbridgworth; and KINGSBRIDGE, DEVON.-On Tuesday, September Whittaker, one of the deacons of the church. 6th, a congregational tea-meeting was held in the the course of the evening a handsome drawi school-room of the Baptist chapel, Kingsbridge, to room time-piece, and a purie containing £22, w take leave of the late pastor, the Rev. T. Peters, presented to Mr. Stevenson. who has accepted an invitation to the pastorate of the church at Watford. After tea the meeting was

MinisterIAL CHANGES.-The

Rev. T. presided over by J. Scoble, Esq., when interesting

Roberts, B.A., of Aldborough, Suffolk, has be addresses, abounding in expressions of esteem for

cordially and unanimously invited to the pastora Mr. Peters, and of regret at his removal, were de

of the church at Newbury, Berks, and commend livered by various friends. A purse of thirty

his duties there on the third Sunday in Septemb sovereigns, spontaneously contributed by the

-The Rev. W. H. Tetley has accepted a cord church and congregation, was presented to Mr.

invitation from the Baptist church, Coleford, a Peters by Mr. Balkwill, as an expression of their

has commenced his labours.--The Rev. 8. affectionate regard and appreciation of his minis

Woodrow (late of Regent's-park College), try:. Mr. Peters responded, attributing all success

accepted a cordial and unanimous invitation fr in his ministry to the grace of God, and feelingly

the church at North-street, Halstead, and touched upon the comparative peace and happiness

enter on his ministry' the second Sunday of his eight years' connection with the church.

October.-The Rev. T. Rose, late of Pershore,

accepted the cordial invitation of the church CARDIFF.-On Tuesday, August the 16th, the Long Buckby, Northamptonshire, and has co memorial stone of the new Bethany Chapel, now menced his labours.--The Rev. R. Shindler h being built; in St. Mary-street, Cardiff, was resigned the charge of the church at Modbur laid by Thomas Hopkins, Esq.; and though in his Devon, and has accepted an invitation to t eighty-fifth year, he did the part of mason well, church at New Mill, Tring, where he expects handling with uncommon dexterity the beautiful commence his labours October 2nd.-The Rev. silver trowel with which he was presented on the

K. Bland has resigned the pastorate of the chur occasion. In the stone was deposited a large glass at Town Field Road, Chesham, having accepted bottle containing copies of the magazines and of invitation to the co-pastorate of the church The Freeman, a record of the church's history, and Beccles, Suffolk, in conjunction with the R other papers. The pastor was assisted by the George Wright. --The Rev. Joseph Upton Day Rev. J. W. Lance, of Newport, and by some of B.A., has resigned the pastorate of the chur. the ministers of the town, who with all present meeting in South-street chapel, Hull.—The R seemed deeply interested in the proceedings, The Thomas Rees has resigned the pastorate of building is progressing rapidly, and will be opened Baptist churches, Maes brook and Landrinio.-T early in the new year.

Rev. W. Omant has resigned the pastorate of ALDBOROUGH, SUFFOLK.-On Tuesday, evening,

church at Rickmansworth.-Mr. James Orchsi September 6th, meetings were held in Union

of Chilwell College, has accepted an invitati Chapel, Aldborough, for the purpose of taking

to supply the pulpit of the Baptist church leave of the Rev. T. M. Roberts. B.A., who, after

Winksworth, Shottle, and Bonsall for one yer a pastorate of four years at Aldborough, has ac

and is expected to commence his labours the cepted a call to Newbury, Berks. A tea-meeting,

on the first Sunday in January next.-The Re and a public meeting afterwards, were largely at

A. Cox has resigned his connection with tended ; and able addresses were delivered by the

church at Dunchurch, having accepted a una Rev. G. Pope, late of Collingham, Notts; by the

mous invitation from the second Baptist churd deacons, Messrs. Lincoln, C. Smith, and Willes ;

Cradley, Worcestershire.- Mr. J. Cecil Whitake and by Mr. R. Taylor, of Notting-hill. In the name

of Regent's-park College, has accepted the of the church and congregation, Mr. Lincoln, the

cordial and unanimous invitation of the Baptis senior deacon, presented to the retiring pastor a

church, Chippenham, to become their pasto handsome and costly tea service, together with an

- Mr. 'G. Walker, of the Rev. C. H. Spurgeon inkstand, in token of the affection of his late

College, has received and accepted charge.

mous invitation to the pastorate of the Bapti

church at Fenny Stratford. --Tae Rev. T. Fie LEIGHTON BUZZARD, BEDS.-On Thursday, Sep- has resigned the pastorate of the church at We tember 8th, a new Baptist chapel was opened in Malling, Kent, and will be glad to supply this town, when the Hon. and Rev. B. W. Noel, destitute church. His address is 6, Talbot-terrae A.M., preached two very characteristic sermons Clarendon-road, Notting-hill, w.-The Rev. Cale in the morning and evening, and the Rev. W. C. Brown has accepted the pastorate of the Bapti T. Henderson, of Devonshire-square, London, church, Devonport-street, Bhadwell, and com preached in the afternoon. About fifty took dinner menced his labours the 'Arst Sabbath of Seg in one of the school-rooms, and in the afternoon tea tember.

unan

Vol. VIII.-New SERIES.]

[NOVEMBER 1, 1864.

THE CHURCH.

“Built upon the foundation of the Apostles and Prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the

chief corner-stone."

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“ The disciples were called Christians first in Antioch."-Acts xi. 26.

It is always interesting to trace the beginnings of things or of names which have become mighty in the earth either for good or evil

. Not long ago two brave and adventurous Englishmen-one of them, alas ! just cut off in the prime of his life and fame = returned home after having discovered the source of the great river Nile ; a secret which had occupied the attention and baffled the research of travellers and scientific men for years, and even for centuries. One can well inagine the emotions of absorbed interest and delight with which they stood beside the springs which fed that mighty stream, so famous in ancient story, so beneficent in its influence on the land through which it flows. It has ever been a favourite employment of the antiquary to trace the history and origin of the various orders of knighthood and titles of nobility with which the illustrious of the world are adorned; and frequently the search is difficult and the conclusion very doubtful. But with respect to that name which, though it gives its wearer no place among the princes or peers of earth, is yet really nobler than any title which monarchs can confer, which ranks in the heraldry of heaven as the loftiest order of chivalry, the grandest patent of nobilitywith respect to the name Christian, we are not left to dim conjecture or laborious research to discover its origin ; the information is given in the brief but authoritative announcement, “The disciples were called Christians first in Antioch."

But we are left to draw our own conclusions as to the questions, by whom and with what feeling and object this name was first given to the followers of Jesus ; though we have more than usually complete opportunity for arriving at a true decision on the subject. And first, the name was evidently not assumed by the disciples them

first adopted as the name by which they chose to be known. Saints,"

;"" disciples," “ believers”—these and other like names are repeatedly used in the New Testament to designate the followers of Jesus. But the name Christian" only occurs in two passages besides the

one before us, and in each instance the manner of its introduction is peculiar and suggestive. It is found in the taunting exclamation of the unbelieving Agrippa :

"Almost thou persuadest me to be a Christian ;” and again in Peter's words of encouragement to the persecuted saints, where it would seem to be used because it was the name of scorn by which their persecutors would be sure to call them: “If any man suffer as a Christian, let him not be ashamed." These two passages, taken in connection with the general proba. bilities of the case, would lead us to conclude that the name was given as a name of reproach and contempt, rather than of mere discrimination and description. But certainly it was not given by the Jews. The word Christ, we need scarcely

selves, nor " brethren,”

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say, is not a mere name, but a descriptive designation, equivalent to " the Messiah.” The Jew recognized this meaning of the word with a clearness which we have in some measure lost. To call the followers of Jesus “ Christians," would have been'to acknowledge that Jesus was the Christ. “Nazarenes,” “Galileans"—these were the names of scorn which Jewish lips uttered against the disciples of the Crucified. If they had coined a name for them, they might have called them Jesuits, followers of Jesus; but Christians—followers of the Christ-never.

The name, then, was given by Gentiles. The Church, hitherto to heathen apprehension only a sect of the Jews, began now to be gathered from Jews and Gentiles indiscriminately, and to show itself distinct in organization and aims from the Jewish community. A new name was needed, and none was more natural than this, framed from the word which was oftenest on the lips of the disciples, and which most compendiously uttered their distinctive creed. “And Antioch, famous, as we are told, for the coining of nicknames, was just the place where this new name was likely to be invented and conferred.

If this view of the original purpose and meaning of the name be the true one, there is surely something grand and impressive in the fact that the Church of Christ has adopted it as her chosen and favourite designation. That which was meant to be a brand of shame she has taken, and has “bound it as a crown unto her.” She has “ remembered the word that was said unto her, the servant is not greater than bis lord;" has felt that she could be kpown by no fitter and no nobler name than that of her Lord and Head ; that no name could better express her faith in Him, her union with Him, and her desire after likeness to Himn. And if the name were one of scorn, what of that? So was His in the mouth of an unbelieving world. She has accepted it as the pledge that, sharing His reproach on earth, she shall assuredly share His glory in Heaven. It is surely the noblest use to make of the reproach of the world, thus to “count it all joy,” thus to turn the badge of shame into a blazonry of glory.

It is, too, a striking proof of the power of the Gospel, of the position it has won for itself in the esteem of the world, that this name, in our age and country, is no longer, in the coarse and literal sense, a name of scorn. Many are ambitious to wear it who have no sympathy with the character it describes. The insult now-a-days would be, not to call a man a Christian, but to insinuate that he had no claim to be so called. The cross, once the symbol of deepest shame, is now the badge of highest honour. We may well rejoice in all this as a proof of the power and progress of the Gospel; but let us not forget that such a state of things brings with it peculiar dangers, and calls for special watchfulness on our part. Å time when this name is a name of honour rather than of reproach, when the general profession of Christianity has become a fashionable thing, when it is easy to maintain the name with average credit, is a time when it behoves us to look well lest we have the name to live whilst we are dead." It is well that we should study closely what the name we wear implies, what it claims of those who assume it. We all must feel to how great an extent this word Christian has become a mere technical terin, with little of distinctive meaning in it. It may not, then, be unprofitable to spend a few minutes in reminding one another what the word 'really means,

in trying to bring

back some of the freshness of meaning which the name had when it was given first iu Antioch.

1. It is a badge of separateness from the world.

It was obviously this at first ; the very fact that a new name was coined bespeaks it. The men of Antioch felt that they had now to deal with something new, h.th in creed and character; for unless the creed had been boldly avowed, and fully expressed in character and conduct, they would never have deemed it worth while to invent this nickname for its professors

. And surely in the due degree, and after the fitting fashion, this ought still to be the force of the appellation. It ought to describe a character which

should be recognized at once as different from that of the world at large. The difference will not, of course, be so broadly marked in oll

time and country as it was in the apostles' days, or as it is in heathen lands in our own. The world has learned the outward decencies which true religion enjoins ; and come to profess the true religion as its creed, to be in name a worshipper of God and a believer in Christ. The Christian, on his side, must take his part in the business of life like other men, and in its innocent recreations too. But when all this has been allowed, there still ought to be, there still will be when piety is real and

active, a distinction which the world itself will see and recognize between the Christian il and other men. Not the shallow distinction of an ascetic, artificial separation from

the society and pursuits of the world, but that deeper and harder distinction which con. k sists of a life actuated by purer principles, directed to higher aims, inspired with a truer

spirit, having more reality in its beliefs, holding another attitude towards the world and God, towards earth and heaven, than that of men in general. It is a sad sign of the state of our piety when the world sees no difference between our spirit and its own ; when it feels that the name Christian is no real distinction of the man who Wears it. 2. It is the compendious description of a character.

“ Christian” meant at first, and should mean still, one of Christ's people, and one who proved that he was Christ's by being like Christ. In proportion as we are like Christ are we truly and rightfully styled Christians. It is not enough that we own his Godhead, or profess to trust Him as our Saviour ; our faith must prove its reality by its transforming and assimilating power. “If any man have not the Spirit of Christ

, he is none of Hiy.” This is the true secret, after all, of Christian unworldliness

. Our effort should be, not so much to be unlike the world as to be like Christ; * if this be attained, the other will follow of itself. Our piety deals too much in

negatives. Be it ours to strive after positive conformity to Christ, by close communion with Him, by simple, prayerful dependence on Him, by habitual, loving study of His character, till,“ beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, we are changed into the same image, from glory to glory, as by the Spirit of the Lord.” Then men will “take knowledge of us, that we have been with Jesus." Then they will feel that the name Christian hae fitness and meaning as applied to us, even as it had when it was given first in Antioch.

3. It is a memento of responsibility. It marks us as not our own, but another's—is the seal of His proprietorship over us. It stamps us as servants of a master, soldiers under a captain, subjects of a monarch. All this implies the fact, and should impress the feeling, of most solemn responsibility, of obligation to faithfulness, allegiance, courage, consistency. We ought to regard ourselves as the representatives of Christ in the world—as keepers in a most solemn sense of His honour, as intrusted with the interests of His kingdom, as sworn to do faithful fight for Him against all evil within and around us. We have called the Christian profession an order of knighthood, and so it is, the chivalry of Christ. No vain and vaunting cavalier is the Christian, doing deeds of useless valour at the prompting of an earthly love; ng crusader bound on the bootless errand of wresting the holy city from pagan power; but he is a true knight still —a knight with vows of fealty and affiance resting upon him, sworn to a holier warfare and panting for a nobler prize than crusader ever waged or longed for. The escutcheon blazoned on his shield is the blood-red cross, the emblem at once of his hopes and of his consecration to the Crucified; the passion burning in his heart is love to Him who died for him; the inotto on his arms is, “ The love of Christ con

the fight he wages is the slaying of self and sin, and the winding of the world for Christ; the guerdon after which he aspires is the smile and well done” of his approving Lord; his cry:of triumph even in death is, “ I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith, henceforth

is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, shall give me at: that day.” Is this our character? Do we thus feel ourselves bound by ties of personal obligation to Christ? Do we go up and down in the world as men with whose

straineth me;

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