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Whitlingham and Kowlaud, Printers, Goswell Street, London.

THE

GEOGRAPHICAL

AND

HISTORICAL

DICTIONARY

OF

AMERICA AND THE WEST INDIES.

CONTAINING

AN ENTIRE TRANSLATION OF THE SPANISH WORK

OF

COLONEL DON ANTONIO DE ALCEDO,

CAPTAIN OF THE ROYAL SPANISH GUARDS, AND MEMBER OF THE ROYAL ACADEMY OF HISTORY'.

WITH

3Urge SUtoitiona an& Compilations

FROM MODERN VOYAGES AND TRAVELS,

AND FROM

\

ORIGINAL AND AUTHENTIC INFORMATION.

G. A. THOMPSON, ESQ.

IN FIVE VOLUMES.

VOL. IV.

Magna modis multis miranda videtur

Gentibus humanis regio, visendaque fertur,

Rebus opima bonis. Lucretius, lib. I. lint 727-

LonOon:

PRINTED FOR THE AUTHOR, AND PUBLISHED BY

CARPENTER AND EON, OLD BOND -STREET; LONGMAN, HURST, REES, ORME, AND BROWN, PATEUNOSTER-ROW; WHITE,COCHRANEr
* Ml CO. FLEET-ITRBET, AND MURRAY, AI.BEMARLESTRELT, LONDON; PARKER, OXFORD; AND OktSHION, CAMBRIDGE.

1814.

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THE

GEOGRAPHICAL AND HISTORICAL

DICTIONARY

OF

AMERICA AND THE WEST INDIES.

PAt

F*ABLILLO, a settlement of the Nuevo Reyno de Leon in N. America; situate w. of the garrison of Santa Engracia.

PABLO, S. or Sao Paulo. See Paulo.

Pablo, a settlement of the province and corregimiento 'of Lipes in Peru, of the archbishopric of Charcas. It was also called Santa Isabel de Esmoruco, and was the residence of the curate.

Pablo, another, of the province and corregimiento ofOtavalo in the kingdom of. Quito, at the foot of a small mountain, from which issues a stream of water abounding in very small fish, called pretiadillas, so delicate and salutary even for the sick, that they are potted and carried to all parts of the kingdom.

Pablo, another, of the head settlement of the district of S. Juan del Rio, and alcaldia mayor of Queretaro, in Nueva Espana; containing 46 families of Indians.

Pablo, another, of the province and corregimiento of Tinta in Peru; annexed to the curacy of Cacha.

Pablo, another settlement or ward, of the head settlement of the district of Zumpahuacan, and alcaldia mayor of Marinalco in Nueva Espana.

Pablo, another, of the head settlement of the district, and alcaldia mayor of Toluca in the same kingdom, containing 161 families of Indians; at a small distance n. of its capital.

Pablo, another, a small settlement or ward

VOL. IV.

P A B

1 i , it i. i. ,lj. ■;

of the alcaldia mayor of Guanchinango, in the same kingdom; annexed to the curacy of the settlement of Pahuatlan.

Pablo, another, and head settlement of the district, of the alcaldia mayor of Villalta, in the same kingdom; of a cold temperature, and Containing 51 Indian families.

Pablo, another, of the missions which were held by the Jesuits, in the province of Topia and kingdom of Nueva Vizcaya; situate in the middle of the sierra of Topia, on the shore of the river Piastla.

Pablo, another, of the province of Barcelona, and government of Cumana; situate on the skirt of a mountain of the serrania, and on the shore of the river Sacaguar, s. of the settlement of Piritu.

Pablo, another, a small settlement of the head settlement of the district of Texmelucan, and alcaldia mayor of Guajozinco in Nueva Espana.

Pablo, another, of the district of Chiriqui, in the province and government of Veragua, and kingdom of Tierra Firme; a league and an half from its head settlement, in the high road.

Pablo, another, of the missions held by the Portuguese Carmelites, in the country of Las Amazonas, and on the shore of this river.

Pablo, another, of the missions which were held by the French Jesuits, in the province and government of French Guayana: founded in 1735, on the shore of the river Oyapoco, and consisting of Indians of many nations converted to the Catholic faith.

Pablo, another, of the province and alcaldia mayor of Chiapa, in the kingdom of Guatemala.

Pablo, another, of the province and alcaldia mayor of Los Zoques, in the same kingdom.

Pablo, another, of the province and government of Moxos in the kingdom of Quito; situate on the shore of the river Santa Ana.

Pablo, another, formerly of this name, in the same province and kingdom, but which was entirely ruined by an epidemical disease.

Pablo, another, of the province and government of Sonora; situate in the country of the Cocomaricopas Indians: founded in 1699 bv the Jesuits, on the shore of the river Grande de Gila. Pablo, a lake of the province and corregimi-* ento of Otavalo in the kingdom of Quito, close to the settlement of its name; a league long, and half a league wide, abounding in geese, widgeons, and other aquatic fowl, and surrounded with reed called there Moras. It receives its water from the mountain of Mojanda, and from it issues an arm, which is the river Blanco. On the e. side of it is an estate called Caxas.

Pablo, a river of the province and government of Veragua in the kingdom of Tierra Firme, which rises in the sierras of Guanieo, on the s. and empties itself into the Pacific.

Pablo, another river, having the surname of Los Paeces, in the province and government of Buenos Ay res. It runs w. and enters the Jacegua between the Joseph Diaz and the Paso delChileno. Pablo, another, of the province and government of Choco, in the NuevoReynode Granada. It rises from a lake and joins the river Quito, which rises from another lake, and these together form the Atrato.

Pablo, an island in the strait of Magellan, near the e. coast, opposite cape Monmouth.

Pablo, another, a small island of the S. sea, in the bay of Panama, opposite the gulf of San Miguel.

[PABO, the Mickmac name of a river, on the if. side of Chaleur bay, about six leagues from Grand Riviere, «?. n. w. of cape Despair.]

PABON, a small river of the province and government of Buenos Ayres, which runs n.n.e. and enters the Parama, between that De en Medio and the Caracanal.

Pabon, another, also a small river, in the same province, which runs s. and enters the Plata at its mouth, on the side opposite the capital.

PAC, a small lake of the province and government of Yucatan.

Pac, a small river of the province and government of Guayana or Nueva Andalucia. It rises in the country of the ferocious Caribes Indians, and enters the Caroui, just after it is entered by the abundant stream of the Arui.

PACABARA, a river of the province and government of Moxos in the kingdom of Quito, which runs «. and enters the Beni.

PACAIPAMPA, a settlement of the province and eorregimiento of Piura; annexed to the curacy of Frias.

PACAJAS, a river of the country of LasAmazones, which runs n. between those of Jacunda and Guanapu, or Uanapu, and enters the Maration, or Amazon, in the arm formed by the island of Joanes. This river gives its name to a nation of Indians but little known, who dwell on the n. shore of the Marafion, nearly 80 leagues above the Paranaiba.

PACAJES, a province and eorregimiento of Peru; bounded by the province of Chucuito on the n. w.; n. by the great lake of Titicaca; n. e. by the province of Omasuyos; e. by the city of La Paz and province of Cicasica; s.c. by the eorregimiento of Oruro and province of Paria; s. by the province of Charangas, and s.w. and w.. by the jurisdiction of Arica, the cordillera intervening. Its length from the bridge of the river of the Desaguadero, which divides it from the province of Chucuito, as far as the province of Paria, is 56 leagues, and its greatest width 40.

From the loftiness of its territory, and the proximity of the cordilleras, its temperature is unpleasantly cold, and it is comparatively barren^ Its productions are sweet and bitter papas, of which is made the chemo, or bread. There is also grown here an abundance of the grain, called cahahua, serving as food, and for making chicha drink. They cultivate some bark, and breed many flocks of native sheep, alpacas, vicunas, and vizcachas. Here are many estates or pastures of sheep, of the milk of which they make well-flavoured cheese, killing every year some of the ewes for meat, which being salted and hardened by the frost, they call chalonas; and these, with a considerable portion of the chuno, they carry for sale to the coast; where they take in exchange wine, brandy, and cotton; and from the province of Cochabamba, maize, wheat, and other seeds.

This province was formerly very rich in mines, those of Verenguela, San Juan, and Tampaya, being the most celebrated; but these, together with another mine of emeralds, are no longer worked. Near the first of these mines, in which

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