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1, ay, three thousand ducats. Ant. And for three months.
Shy. I had forgot,-three months, you told me so. Well then, your bond; and, let me see, But
hear you; Methought, you said, you neither lend, nor borrow, Upon adyantage. Ant.
I do never use it.
Ant. And what of him? did he take interest?
for; A thing not in his power to bring to pass, But sway'd, and fashion’d, by the hand of heaven. Was this inserted to make interest good? Or is your gold and silver, ewes and rams?
the eanlings- ] Lambs just dropt: from ean, eniti, 6 of kind,] i. e. of nature.
Shy. I cannot tell; I make it breed as fast:-
Mark you this, Bassanio,
sum. Three months from twelve, then let me see the rate.
Ant. Well, Shylock, shall we be beholden to you?
Shy. Signior Antonio, many a time and oft,
7- my usances :] Use and usance are both words anciently employd for usury, both in its favourable and unfavourable sense. But Mr. Ritson says, that Use and usance, mean nothing more than interest; and the former word is still used by country people in the same sense.
& Shylock,] Our author, as Dr. Farmer informs me, took the name of his Jew from an old pamphlet entitled: Caleb Shillocke, kis Prophesie; or the Jewes Prediction. London, printed for T. P. (Thomas Pavyer.) No date, STEEVENS,
Shall I bend low, and in a bondman's key,
Ant. I am as like to call thee so again,
Why, look you, how you storm! I would be friends with you, and have your love, Forget the shames that you have stain'd me with, Supply your present wants, and take no doit Of usance for my monies, and you'll not hear me: This is kind I offer. Ant. This were kindness.
This kindness will I show:Go with me to a notary, seal me there Your single bond; and, in a merry sport, If you repay me not on such a day, In such a place, such sum, or sums, as are Express’d in the condition, let the forfeit Be nominated for an equal pound Of your fair flesh, to be cut off and taken In what part of your body pleaseth me.
9 A breed for barren metal of his friend?] A breed, that is inte. rest money bred from the principal. By the epithet barren, the author would instruct us in the argument on which the advocates against usury went, which is this; that money is a barren thing, and cannot, like corn and cattle, multiply itself. And to set off the absurdity of this kind of usury, he put breed and barren in opposition. WARBURTON.
Ant. Content, in faith; I'll seal to such a bond, And say, there is much kindness in the Jew.
Bass. You shall not seal to such a bond for me, I'll rather dwell in my necessity.
Ant. Why, fear not, man; I will not forfeit it;
Ant. Yes, Shylock, I will seal unto this bond.
Shy. Then meet me forthwith at the notary's;
. Hie thee, gentle Jew. This Hebrew will turn Christian; he grows kind. Bass. I like not fair terms, and a villain's mind.
Ant. Come on; in this there can be no dismay, My ships come home a month before the day.
Tu left in the fearful guard, &c.] Fearful guard, is a guard that is not to be trusted, but gives cause of fear. To fear was anciently to give as well as feel ferroni's. JOHN sox.
- ACT II.
SCENE I. Belmont. A Room in Portia's House.
Flourish of Cornets. Enter the Prince of Morocco,
and his Train; Portia, Nerissa, and other of her Altendants.
Mor. Mislike me not for my complexion,
Por. In terms of choice I am not solely led
2 To prove whose blood is reddest, his, or mine.] To understand how the tawny prince, whose savage dignity is very well supported, means to recommend himself by this challenge, it must be remembered that red blood is a traditionary sign of courage: Thus Macbeth calls one of his frighted soldiers, a lily-liver'd boy ; again, in this play, cowards are said to have livers as white as milk; and an effeminate and timorous man is termed a milksop.
JOHNSON. s Hath fear'd the valiant,] i e, terrify'd. To fear is often used by our old writers, in this sense,