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before his death: You know, the courseis common. If any thing fall to you upon this, more than thanks and good fortune, by the faint whom I profess, I will plead against it with my life.

Prov. Pardon me, good father; it is against myoath.

Duke. Were you sworn to the duke, or to the deputy ?

Prov.. To him, and to his substitutes.

Duke You will think you have made no offence, if the duke avouch the justice of your dealing?

PROV. But what likelihood is in that?

DUKE. Not a resemblance, but a certainty. Yet since I see you fearful, that neither my coat, integrity, nor 'my persuasion, can with ease attempt you, I will go further than I meant, to pluck all fears out of you. Look you, fir, here is the hand and feal of the duke. You know the character, I doubt not; and the fignet is not strange to you.

PROV. I know them both.

Duke. The contents of this is the return of the duke; you shall anon over-read it at your pleasure ; where you shall find, within these two days he will be here. This is a thing, that Angelo knows not : for he this very day receives letters of strange te


my garments would serve the turn, or the baring of my beard; and to say it was in stratagem." MALONE.

30u know, the course is common. .] P. Mathieu, in his Heroyke Life and deplorable Death of Henry the Fourth ; of France, says, that Ravaillac, in the midst of his tortures , lifted up his head and shook a spark of fire from his beard. " This unprofitable care, (he adds) to save it, being noted, afforded matter to divers to praise the custome in Germany, Swisserland, and divers other places, to Jhave off, and then to burn all the haire from all parts of the bodies of those who are convi&ed for any totorious crimes.' Grimston's Iranslation , 4t0. 1612. p. 181. REED.

nor; perchance, of the duke's death ; perchance, entering into some monastery; but, by chance, nothing of what is writ.? Look, the unfolding star calls

up the shepherd :: Put not yourself into amazement, how these things should be: all difficulties are but cafy when they are known.

Call your executioner, and off with Barnardine's head: I will give him a present shrift, and advise him for a better place. Yet you are amazed; but this shall abfolutely resolve you. Come away; it is almost clear dawn.


Another Room in the same.

Enter Clown. Clo. I am as well acquainted here , as I was in our house of profession:' one would think , it were mistress Over-done's own house, for here be many of her old customers. First, here's young master Rash; he's in for a cominodity of brown paper


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- nothing of what is writ. ] We should read -- here writ the Duke pointing to the letter in his hand. WARBURTON.

the unfolding liar calls up the shepherd :] 6. The star, that bids the shepherd fold , "Now the top of heaven doth hold.' Milion's Comus.

STEEVENS. “ So doth the evening star present itself " Unto the careful shepherd's gladsome cyes, " By which unto the fold he leads his flock."

Marston's Insatiate Countess, 1613. MALONE. in our house of profession : ] i. e. in my late myftress's house, which was a profesed, a notorious bawdy-house. MALONE. .

Ż Firsi, here's young master Rash, &c.] This enumeration of the inhabitants of the prison affords a very striking view of the pra&tices predominant in Shakspeare's age. Besides those whose follies are commion to all times, we have four fighting men and a traveller. Vol. VI.


and old ginger,' ninescore and seventeen pounds; of which he made five marks, ready money: marry,

It is not unlikely that the originals of the pi&ures were then known. JOHNSON,

Rash was the name of some kind of stuff. So, in An Aprill Shower, Jhed in abundance of teares, for the death and incomparable lofe, &c. of Richard Sacvile, &c. Earl of Dorset, &c. 1624 :

- For with the plaineft plaine yee saw him goe,
" In ciuill blacke of Rash, of Serge, or so ;
6. The liuerie of wise stayednesse

STEEVENS. If this term alludes to the stuff so called, (which was probably one of the commodities fraudulently issued out by money.lcoders) there is nevertheless a pun intended. So, in an old Ms. poem, entitled, The Description of Women :

c. Their head is made of Rash ,

" Their tongues are made of Say." Douce. All the names here mentioned are chara&eristical. Rajh was a stuff formerly used. So, in 4 Reply as true as Steele, to a tusly, Tayling, ridiculous, lying Libell, which was lately written by an im. pudent un foder'd Ironmonger, and called by the name of an Answer to a foolish pamphlet entitled A Swarme of Sealaries and Schismatiques, By John Taylour, 1641:

" And with mockado suit, and judgement rash,

" And tongue of saye, thou'lt say all is but trash." Scricum rasum. See Minsh cu's Di&. in v. Rash, and Florio's Italian Dia. 1598 , in v. rascia , refcetta. MALONE.

a commodity of brown paper and old ginger, ] Thus the old copy. The modern editors read, brown pepper; but the following pallage in Michaelmas Term, Com, 1607, will completely establish The original reading:

" I know some gentlemen in town have been glad , and are glad at this time, to take up commodities in hawk's-hoods and brown-paper.". Again, in A New Trick to cheat the Devil, 1636 :

to have been fo bit already
" With up commodities of brown paper,
" Buttons past fathion , filks , and saltins,
" Babies and children's fiddles, with like trash

" Took up at a dear rate, and sold for trifles." Again, in Greene's Quip for an Upstart Courtier, 1620 :

6. For the merchant, he delivered the iron, tin, lead, hops, sugars, spices, oyls, brown paper, or whatever else, from six months to fix months. Which when the poor gentleman came to sell again, he could not make three score and ten in the hundred besides the usury. Again, in Greene's Defence of Coney - catching, 1592:


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then, ginger was not much in request, for the old women were all dead." Then is there here one master Caper, at the suit of master Three-pile the mercer, for some four suits of peach-colour'd satin, which now peaches him a beggar. Then have we here

so that if he borrow an hundred pound, he shall have forty in Gilver, and threescore in wares ; as lutestrings , hobby-horses, or brown paper, or cloath, "&c. Again , in The Spanish Curate of Beaumont and Fletcher:

" Commodities of pins, brown papers , packthread.' Again, in Gascoigne's Steele Glaje:

". To teach young men the trade to sell browne paper. " Again , in Hall's Satires, Lib. IV:

" But Nummius eas'd the needy gallant's care,
6. With a base bargaine of his blowen ware,
“ Of fufted hoppes now loft for lacke of sayle,

166 Or mol'd browne-paper that could nought auaile." Again, in Decker's Seven deadly Sinnes of London, 4to. bl. 1. 1606:

and these are usurers who, for a little money, and a great deale of trash , ( as fire-lhouels, browne-paper, motley cloacke-bags , &c. ) bring yong nouices into a foole's paradice , till they have scaled the mortgage of their landes,” &c. STEEVENS.

A commodity of brown paper - ] Mr. Steevens supports this rightly. Fenoor asks, in his Comptor's Commonwealth , suppose the come modities are delivered after Signior Unthrift and master Broaker have both sealed the bonds, how must those hobby-horses, of brown paper, Jewes trumpes and bables, babies and rattles , folde?" FARMER.

In a MS. letter from Sir John Hollis to Lord Burleigh, is the following paslage ; " Your Lordship digged into

my auncestors graves, and pulling one up from his 70 yeares reste, pronounced him an abominable usurer and merchante of browne paper, so hatefull and contemptible that the players aded him before the kinge with great applause." And again : “ Nevertheles I denye that any of them were merchantes of browne paper, neither doe I thinke any other but your Lordship's imagination ever sawe or hcarde any of them playde upon a stage ; and that they were such ulurers. I suppose your Lordship will want teftimonye.”

Douce, -ginger was not much in requeft, for the old women were all dead. ; So, in The Merchant of Venice : I would, the were As lying a gosip in that, as ever knapi ginger. STEEVENS,





young Dizy,' and young master Deep-vow, and master Copper-Ipur, and master Starve-lacky the rapier and dagger-man, and young Drop-heir that kill'd lusty Pudding, and master Forthright* the tilter, and brave master Shoe-tye the great traveller, 'and



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young Dizy, ] The old copy has—Dizey. This name, like the rest, must have been designed to convey come meaning. It might have been corrupted from Dizzy, i. e. giddy, thoughtless. Thus Milton styles the people ".-- the dizzy multitude.

STEEVENS. master Forthright- ] The old copy reads – Forthlight. Dr. Johnson, however, proposes to read Forthright, alluding to the line in which the thrust is made. Mr. Ritson defends the present reading, by fupposing the allusion to be to the fencers thicat of making the light shine through his antagonist. ' REED.

Had he produced any proof that such an expression was in use in our author's time, his observation might have had some weight. It is probably a phrase of the present century. MALONE. Shakspeare uses the word forthright in The Tempeft:

Through forthrights and meanders. Again, in Troilus and Cressida, A&. III. sc. iii :

" Or hedge aside from the dire& forthright." STEEVENS.

and brave master Shoe-tye the great traveller , ] The old copy reads -- Shooty; but as most of these are compound names, I suspect that this was originally written as I have printed its At this time Shoe-strings were generally worn. So”, ia Decker's Matck me in London, 1631:

" I think your wedding shoes have not been oft untied." Again , in Randolph's Mujes' Looking Glass, 1638 :

Bending his supple hams, kifling his hands,

6. Honouring shoe-strings. Again, in Mailton's 8th Satire :

• Sweet - faced Corinna , daine the riband tie

" Of thy corke-fhooe, or els thy flave will die. the person described was a traveller, it is not unlikely that he might be folicitous about the minutiæ of dress; and the epithet brave, i. e. fhowy, fçems to countenance the supposition. STEEVENS.

Mr. Steevens's supposition is strengthened by Ben Jonson's Epi. granı upon English Monpeur, Whalley's edit. Vol. VI, p. 253:

is That so much scarf of France, and hat and feather,
* And fhoc, and tye, and garter, should come hither.


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